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1.
JA Clin Rep ; 7(1): 69, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perforation of the right ventricle by a pacemaker lead is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication. We present a patient who developed right ventricular perforation, pneumothorax, and a cyst and underwent partial lung resection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 94-year-old woman was diagnosed with sick sinus syndrome and underwent a dual-chamber permanent pacemaker implantation. The next day, pacing failed and chest radiography showed that the right ventricular lead was outside the cardiac silhouette. Computed tomography revealed that the lead had perforated the right ventricular apex, causing a left-sided pneumothorax and a cystic lesion at the site of pulmonary injury by the pacemaker lead. The patient underwent lung resection and a right ventricular lead extraction. Pathological analysis revealed the cystic lesion to be an acute pneumatocele. CONCLUSIONS: Pneumothorax and pneumatocele associated with right ventricular pacemaker lead perforation is extremely rare. In our case, a radical surgical intervention provided an excellent outcome.

2.
J Anesth ; 35(6): 854-861, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402974

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intraoperative anxiety is the most common psychological response of the patient during awake craniotomy. Psychological stress can trigger patient decline, resulting in failed awake craniotomy and significantly poor outcomes. This study aimed to identify the risk factors for panic attack (PA) during awake craniotomies. METHODS: With the local ethics committee approval, we conducted a manual chart review of the medical record of patients who underwent consecutive awake craniotomies between November 1999 and October 2016 at Tokyo Women's Medical University. A total of 405 patients were identified and assigned to 2 groups based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V criteria: those that met the PA criteria (Group PA) and those that did not (Group non-PA). Patient characteristics and the incidence of the PA specifier were collected. The features of the two groups were statistically compared, and risk factors for PA occurrence were determined by regression analysis. RESULTS: Sixteen of 405 patients met the diagnostic criteria of PA. Patients' characteristics were not statistically different between the groups. Multivariate logistic regression showed that intraoperative anxiety (p = 0.0002) and age younger than 39 years (as opposed to age > = 39 years; p = 0.0328) were significantly associated with the occurrence of PA during awake craniotomy. CONCLUSIONS: For patients undergoing awake craniotomy, intraoperative anxiety and age younger than 39 years were considered risk factors of PA. As PA often necessitates conversion to general anesthesia, intensive perioperative psychological support and pain management are required to achieve patient satisfaction and the surgical goal of awake craniotomy.

3.
Cureus ; 13(6): e15687, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34277276

RESUMO

Introduction Regional oxygen saturation (rSO2) reflects tissue perfusion. This observational study aimed to examine the change in the forehead and lower thigh rSO2 associated with intraoperative posture, anesthesia regimen, or mean arterial pressure (mAP) at heart and external auditory meatus (ear) levels. Methods Patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in the Trendelenburg position at 30° with pneumoperitoneum (TPP) or arthroscopic shoulder surgery in the beach chair position at 70° (BCP) under desflurane-remifentanil (D/R) or propofol-remifentanil (P/R) anesthesia were examined. Bilateral forehead and lower thigh rSO2 values and mean radial artery pressure were measured simultaneously at heart and ear levels. Results In TPP, there were no differences under anesthesia regimens in the forehead or lower thigh rSO2change, although one patient with an absolute lower thigh rSO2 of ≤50% in the lithotomy position complained of transient limb pain. No correlation was observed between rSO2 and mAP. In BCP, forehead rSO2 decreased and lower thigh rSO2 increased under either of the anesthesia regimens. The coefficient of correlation between forehead rSO2 andheart-level and ear-level mAP was 0.341 and 0.236, respectively. Conclusions There were no differences under anesthesia regimens in the changes of forehead rSO2 and lower thigh rSO2. In TPP, significant changes in forehead rSO2 and lower thigh rSO2 were not observed. Monitoring lower thigh rSO2 might be useful for preventing lower extremity pain. In BCP, forehead rSO2 decreased and lower thigh rSO2 increased from the supine position to the BCP. To prevent brain damage, anesthesiologists should pay attention to heart- and ear-level mAP.

4.
J Clin Monit Comput ; 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120296

RESUMO

During moderate sedation for gastrointestinal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), monitoring of ventilatory function is recommended. We compared the following techniques of respiratory rate (RR) measurement with respiratory sound (RRa): capnography (RRc), thoracic impedance (RRi), and plethysmograph (RRp). This study enrolled patients aged ≥ 20 years who underwent esophageal (n = 19) and colorectal (n = 5) ESDs. RRc, RRi, RRp, and RRa were measured by Capnostream™ 20P, BSM-2300, Nellcor™ PM1000N, and Radical-7®, respectively. In total, 413 RR data were collected from the esophageal ESD group and 114 RR data were collected from the colorectal ESD group. Compared with RRa during colorectal ESD, that during esophageal ESD had larger bias [95% limit of agreement (LOA)] with RRc [1.9 (- 11.0-14.8) vs. - 0.4 (- 2.9-2.2)], RRi [9.4 (- 16.8-9.4) vs. - 1.5 (- 12.0-8.9)], and RRp [0.3 (- 5.7-6.4) vs. 0.2 (- 3.2-3.6)]. Of the correct RR values displayed during esophageal ESD, > 90% were measured as RRa and RRp. Moreover, RRc was a useful parameter during colorectal ESD. To maximize patient safety during ESD under sedation, endoscopists and medical staff should know the feature and principle of the devices used for RR measurement. During esophageal ESD, RRa and RRp may be a good parameter to detect bradypnea or apnea. RRc, RRa and RRp are useful for reliable during colorectal ESD.Trial registration UMIN-CTR (UMIN000025421).

5.
A A Pract ; 15(5): e01448, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955857

RESUMO

A 22-year-old man, with a medical history significant for posttraumatic stress disorder and chronic pain, underwent ankle surgery at the United States Naval Hospital, Yokosuka, Japan. His immediate postoperative course was complicated by episodic muscle rigidity, necessitating admission for diagnostic evaluation. The differential was necessarily broad and included local anesthetic toxicity, medication mediated effect, seizures, serotonin syndrome, and malignant hyperthermia. Cultural and systemic differences in patient care delivery at a Japanese hospital helped to elucidate the mechanism. This case highlights cultural differences in pain management and navigates the differential of an acute onset movement disorder in the immediate postoperative period.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Transtornos dos Movimentos , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Manejo da Dor , Período Pós-Operatório , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(6): 725-728, 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33411858

RESUMO

We developed a system to directly produce gold nanoparticles in cells by intracellular mineralization in lower concentration than conventional methods using a peptide consisting of a cell-penetrating sequence and a gold ion-binding sequence. Furthermore, we could control the uniquely shaped gold nanostructures that were produced by changing peptide structures.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Penetradores de Células/química , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Sítios de Ligação , Células HeLa , Humanos , Íons/química , Tamanho da Partícula
8.
JA Clin Rep ; 6(1): 50, 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638138

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Previous studies explored the benefits related to early ambulation postoperatively, but few focused on patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We retrospectively evaluated the incidence and predictors of the inability to begin walking on the first postoperative day (POD) after toe arthroplasty for rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: RA patients who underwent toe arthroplasty at one hospital were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 300 patients were included and divided into two groups: possible group (n = 191), who were able to walk on the first POD, and impossible group (n = 109), who were unable to walk on the first POD. Data were analyzed using odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) between various patient factors and the impossible group with logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting before rehabilitation was significantly associated with the infeasibility of walking rehabilitation on the first POD [OR = 2.43, 95% CI 1.22-4.14, P = 0.003]. The number of rescue analgesics administered before rehabilitation and the supplementation of peripheral nerve block was also associated with the infeasibility of walking rehabilitation on the first POD [OR = 1.29, 95% CI 1.04-1.59, P = 0.003; OR = 0.41, 95% CI 0.20-0.79, P = 0.010, respectively]. CONCLUSION: The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting and inadequate postoperative pain management hindered early rehabilitation. Adding peripheral nerve block to general anesthesia had an advantage for postoperative rehabilitation after toe arthroplasty for rheumatoid arthritis.

9.
J Anesth ; 34(4): 619-623, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222909

RESUMO

To this day, the pathophysiology and risk factors of propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS) remain unknown. Moreover, there is no widely accepted definition of PRIS, even though it is a potentially fatal condition. While many suspected cases of PRIS have been reported in both pediatric and adult populations, the actual propofol plasma concentration (Cp) has never been clarified. In this clinical report, we described the first suspected PRIS case in which the propofol Cp was measured 25 min after 226 min of propofol infusion (7.2 µg/mL), which was 12 times higher than the predicted value (0.6 µg/mL). In the presented case, we observed gradually progressive uncontrollable hypercapnia and tachycardia, followed by severe lactic acidosis during surgical anesthesia based on the target-controlled infusion of propofol. Levels of liver enzymes were slightly elevated which suggests little or no liver damage though propofol is mainly metabolized by the liver. Meanwhile, renal impairment, a common secondary feature of PRIS, occurred concomitantly when hypercapnia and metabolic acidosis were manifested. In this case, low or delayed propofol clearance might have been a triggering factor causing severe lactic acidosis.


Assuntos
Acidose Láctica , Acidose , Síndrome da Infusão de Propofol , Propofol , Acidose/induzido quimicamente , Adulto , Anestésicos Intravenosos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Propofol/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco
10.
J ECT ; 36(3): 161-167, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040021

RESUMO

In general, preoxygenation is performed using a face mask with oxygen in a supine position, and oxygenation is maintained with manual mask ventilation during electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). However, hypoxic episodes during ECT are not uncommon with this conventional method, especially in morbidly obese patients. The most important property of ventilatory mechanics in patients with obesity is reduced functional residual capacity (FRC). Thus, increasing FRC and oxygen reserves is an important step to improve oxygenation and prevent oxygen desaturation in these individuals. Head-up position, use of apneic oxygenation, noninvasive positive pressure ventilation, and high-flow nasal cannula help increase FRC and oxygen reserves, resulting in improved oxygenation and prolonged safe apnea period. Furthermore, significantly higher incidence of difficult mask ventilation is common in morbidly obese individuals. Supraglottic airway devices establish effective ventilation in patients with difficult airways. Thus, the use of supraglottic airway devices is strongly recommended in these patients. Conversely, because muscle fasciculation induced by depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents markedly increases oxygen consumption, especially in individuals with obesity, the use of nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents may contribute to better oxygenation in morbidly obese patients during ECT.


Assuntos
Eletroconvulsoterapia , Hipóxia/prevenção & controle , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Oxigênio/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Máscaras Laríngeas , Bloqueadores Neuromusculares/administração & dosagem , Posicionamento do Paciente
11.
JA Clin Rep ; 6(1): 10, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate anesthesia management for cesarean delivery in renal transplant patients. METHODS: The details of anesthesia management, patient characteristics, surgical information, and renal and maternal outcomes were retrospectively investigated in 14 post-renal transplant patients who underwent cesarean delivery at a single university hospital between January 1, 2014, and August 31, 2018. RESULTS: Five patients were managed under general anesthesia, and nine cases were under regional anesthesia. Nine cases were emergency surgeries. The mean (SD) age was 35.5 (4.4) years, pregnancy body weight was 56.8 (10.0) kg, and gestational age was 33.3 (4.1) weeks. Nine cases were preterm deliveries. Five cases showed hypertension prior to pregnancy, and 13 patients showed hypertension before cesarean delivery. The preoperative creatinine level was 1.49 (0.53) mg/dL. The intraoperative maximum systolic/diastolic blood pressure was 170 (20)/102 (15) mmHg, and the intraoperative minimum systolic/diastolic blood pressure was 97 (13)/49 (12) mmHg. A total of six patients had either mean arterial pressure < 65 mmHg or required vasopressors. Serum creatinine remained unchanged after surgery compared with the preoperative level. CONCLUSION: Cesarean delivery was often performed in post-renal transplant patients for preterm delivery or as emergency surgery, with a higher ratio of regional anesthesia to general anesthesia. Since both hypertension and hypotension are most likely to occur during cesarean delivery, circulation management can be difficult, and anesthesia should be managed so as to maintain sufficient renal perfusion and ensure postoperative renal function.

12.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 20(1): 18, 2020 01 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As patients with left ventricular assist device (LVAD) have long expected survival, the incidence of noncardiac surgery in this patient population is increasing. Here, we present the anesthetic management of a patient with a continuous-flow LVAD who underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old man with LVAD was scheduled to undergo VATS because of repeated spontaneous pneumothorax. Generally, patients with these devices have marginal right heart function; therefore, it is important to avoid factors that worsen pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). However, VATS requires one-lung ventilation (OLV) and it tends to cause increase in PVR, leading to right heart failure. In the present case, when the patient was set in a lateral decubitus position and progressive hypoxia was observed during OLV, transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated a dilated right ventricle and a temporally flattened interventricular septum, and the central venous pressure increased to approximately 20 mmHg. Because we anticipated deterioration of right heart function, dobutamine and milrinone were administered and/or respirator settings were changed to decrease PVR for maintaining LVAD performance. Finally, resection of a bulla was completed, and the patient was discharged in stable condition on postoperative day 37. CONCLUSIONS: The anesthetic management of a patient with LVAD during VATS is challenging because the possible hemodynamic changes induced by hypoxia associated with OLV affect LVAD performance and right heart function. In our experience, VATS that requires OLV will be well tolerated in a patient with LVAD with preserved right heart function, and a multidisciplinary approach to maintain right heart function will be needed.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Coração Auxiliar , Toracoscopia/métodos , Adulto , Vesícula/cirurgia , Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/complicações , Ventilação Monopulmonar , Pneumotórax/cirurgia , Resistência Vascular , Função Ventricular Direita
13.
Echocardiography ; 37(1): 139-141, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891431

RESUMO

Herein, we report a novel case of emergency surgical mitral valve replacement for severe mitral valve regurgitation (MR) following MitraClip implantation (Abbott Laboratories, Chicago, IL, USA). Recurrent MR was caused because of the migration of the clip due to the destruction of the mitral valve leaflets with Staphylococcus aureus infective endocarditis. Intra-operative transesophageal echocardiography revealed that the clip was stuck to the left ventricular apex. Although the device could not be removed surgically, surgical repair of the valve enabled the patient to recover without any further complications.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 19, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perpendicular transvalvular leakage (TVL) is occasionally observed after aortic valve replacement (AVR) in biological valves with a stent post, often originating from the base of the stent post. However, an observed perpendicular jet flow is not always a TVL. In rare cases, paravalvular leakages (PVLs) can be perpendicular and are present behind a TVL. In the present case, both PVL and TVL existed simultaneously as unusual perpendicular jet flows that originated from sites in close proximity to the stent post. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old man underwent AVR with a biological valve in the supra-annular position using the non-everting mattress suture technique with pledgets. After weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed an unfamiliar perpendicular turbulent flow, similar to reported TVL, originating from the anterior stent post. Further TEE examination revealed a PVL had originated from the site between the sewing ring at the anterior stent post and native annulus attached to a pledget. The space between the sewing ring and annular retained native portion caused the perpendicular turbulent jet. Consequently, two types of perpendicular turbulent flows, TVL and PVL, existed adjacent to each other. After reinstitution of CPB, inspection of the prosthesis itself indicated it to be normal, but there was a region adjacent to the anterior stent post near the right coronary ostium where the tip of the curved Pean forceps entered between the sewing ring and the native annulus. The region was consistent with TEE findings. AVR was performed with the same prosthesis again. After weaning from CPB, immediate TEE revealed that the unusual perpendicular turbulent flows had disappeared and only a few small TVLs were observed. Regarding the disappearance of TVL, we considered that the fabric region of the prosthetic valve was covered with cellular elements to prevent the leak, as it was already used in AVR once and soaked in blood. CONCLUSIONS: Perpendicular turbulent flow raises the possibility of both TVL and PVL in the case of AVR with stented bovine pericardial valves. For a differential diagnosis of TVL or PVL, it is important to know the surgical procedures and valve morphology.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Animais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Bovinos , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Hemorreologia/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Reoperação , Stents/efeitos adversos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17357, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574880

RESUMO

Preoperative autologous blood donation is a well-established procedure to reduce the need for allogeneic blood transfusion. We hypothesized that coagulation activity is maintained in cold-stored whole blood, because the fundamental polymerization properties of fibrin are preserved.Fifty adult patients who underwent elective cardiothoracic surgery were enrolled.Autologous whole blood collected 2 to 4 times at almost 1-week intervals before surgery was stored at approximately 4°C until reinfusion at the time of surgery. Blood samples were drawn just before reinfusion, and rotational thromboelastometry variables and fibrinogen levels were measured.A total of 158 samples were analyzed. The mean duration of cold storage was 16.7 ±â€Š7.4 days (range: 6-33 days). Platelet counts were very low due to collection through a leukoreduction filter. The mean fibrinogen level was 2.3 ±â€Š0.6 g/L. Amplitude at 10 minutes after CT (A10), amplitude at 20 minutes after CT (A20), and maximum clot firmness (MCF) values as determined by FIBTEM analysis were 10.8 ±â€Š3.8, 12.2 ±â€Š4.2, and 13.1 ±â€Š4.7 mm, respectively. Fibrinogen levels were strongly correlated with A10, A20, and FIBTEM-MCF values (ρ = 0.83, P < .0001, ρ = 0.84, P < .0001, ρ = 0.85, P < .0001, respectively). Fibrinogen levels were not correlated with the duration of cold storage (ρ = 0.06, P = .43).The results of the present study demonstrate that fibrin polymerization occurs in cold-stored autologous whole blood, and that such activity is strongly correlated with fibrinogen levels. Furthermore, our data suggest that cold-stored leukoreduced autologous whole blood retains fibrin polymerization properties throughout 33 days.


Assuntos
Coagulação Sanguínea , Transfusão de Sangue/métodos , Tromboelastografia/métodos , Tempo de Coagulação do Sangue Total , Idoso , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , Temperatura Baixa , Feminino , Fibrina/química , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Polimerização , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Anesth Analg ; 128(6): 1217-1222, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31094791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the existing dogma that women undergoing cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia should be positioned with a 15° left-lateral tilt, the patients were actually positioned in a right-lateral tilt position in several of the original studies. The superiority of right versus left positioning for optimal inferior vena cava volume is unknown. We used magnetic resonance imaging to compare the effects of right-lateral and left-lateral tilt positions on abdominal aortic and inferior vena cava volumes in pregnant women. METHODS: Thirteen women with singleton pregnancies and gestational age 31-39 weeks underwent magnetic resonance imaging while in the supine position, and in the left-lateral (15° and 30°) and right-lateral tilt (15° and 30°) positions, which were maintained by placing a 1.5-m-long piece of polyethylene foam under either side of the body. Abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava volume were measured between the L1-L2 disk and L3-L4 disk levels using magnetic resonance images. RESULTS: Aortic volume did not differ significantly among any of the positions examined. Mean inferior vena cava volume was significantly greater in the 30° left-lateral tilt position than in the 15° right-lateral tilt (10.7 ± 7.5 vs 5.9 ± 5.1 mL; mean difference, 4.8; 95% CI, 1.2-8.5; P = .002) and 30° right-lateral tilt (10.7 ± 7.5 vs 5.9 ± 2.5 mL; mean difference, 4.8; 95% CI, 1.2-8.4; P = .002) positions. Mean inferior vena cava volume in the 15° left-lateral tilt position did not differ significantly from that in the 15° right-lateral tilt (mean difference, 0.4; 95% CI, -3.2 to 4.0; P = 1.000) or 30° right-lateral tilt (mean difference, 0.4; 95% CI, -3.3 to 4.0; P = 1.000) positions. Mean inferior vena cava volume in the supine position only differed significantly from that in the 30° left-lateral tilt position (5.2 ± 3.8 vs 10.7 ± 7.5 mL; mean difference, 5.5; 95% CI, 1.8-9.1; P < .001). The greatest inferior vena cava volume was observed in the 30° left-lateral tilt position in 9 of 13 subjects (70%), and in the 30° right-lateral tilt in 3 subjects (23%). CONCLUSIONS: The 30° left-lateral tilt position most consistently reduced inferior vena cava compression by the gravid uterus compared with the supine position. Mean inferior vena cava volume in pregnant women was not increased at either angle of the right-lateral tilt position compared with the 30° left-lateral tilt position. However, in a subset of patients, the 30° right-lateral tilt position achieved the optimal inferior vena cava volume. Further investigation to understand this variability is warranted.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Cesárea , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Veia Cava Inferior/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Decúbito Dorsal
17.
J Radiosurg SBRT ; 6(3): 235-239, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31998544

RESUMO

Gamma Knife radiosurgery is generally performed under procedural sedation and analgesia. However, there are some risks regarding the patient's respiratory function and the specifics of its management, since the presence of a stereotactic frame may impede access to the patient's airway and interfere with direct visual observation by medical personnel. Monitored anesthesia care, which is a specific anesthesia service for diagnostic or therapeutic procedures that involve various levels of sedation, analgesia and anxiolysis, is recognized as producing less physiologic disturbance while allowing a more rapid recovery than general anesthesia. The selection of suitable candidates and medications, as well as the early detection of respiratory deterioration are considered to be essential for patient safety.

18.
JA Clin Rep ; 5(1): 1, 2019 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32025900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a life-threatening disorder, and its relevance to viral hepatitis B (HB) remains unknown. This case presents an initial experience of treating a patient with HB progressing to AFLP throughout pregnancy; anesthesiologists should also recognize its clinical feature for perioperative management. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old parturient was diagnosed as chronic HB (CHB) at 21 weeks gestation. Liver and kidney dysfunction appeared rapidly at 34 weeks gestation, suspected as acute exacerbation of either CHB or AFLP. Emergency cesarean section was carried out, after which maternal disseminated intravascular coagulation and hypothermia persisted. With multidisciplinary management, the patient and infant were discharged on postpartum days 64 and 12, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Active CHB develops into AFLP. Antiviral therapy should be considered for parturient patients with CHB, particularly for those with high viral load. The most favorable outcome is prompt and accurate diagnosis to establish suitable termination method.

19.
JA Clin Rep ; 5(1): 67, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of deep pericardial suture (DPS) is a widely used technique to lift the heart and expose the targeted vessels during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). Several reports alert massive bleeding due to DPS, especially for the patients with perioperative administration of tissue plasminogen activator, low molecular weight heparin, and administration of double antiplatelet agents. CASE PRESENTATION: We report two cases of bleeding followed by huge hematoma formation in the left thoracic cavity caused by DPS during OPCAB. In one, bleeding was caused by damage to the left lower pulmonary vein and damage to the diaphragmatic artery in the other. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a potent tool for detecting complications and identifying the location of bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: TEE is useful for finding hemorrhagic complications and for determining the points of bleeding based on the location of the hematoma.

20.
JA Clin Rep ; 5(1): 41, 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (LV-PAN) formation is a rare complication after cardiac surgery and mainly occurs after mitral valve surgery. Echocardiography plays a critical role in the assessment of rupture location, orifice geometry, and anatomical relationship with surrounding structures. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old man presented with LV-PAN formation 1 year after aortic root replacement combined with aortic replacement despite the lack of direct manipulation of the rupture site in the procedure and postoperative myocardial infarction. Intraoperative real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT 3-D TEE) during surgical repair of the LV-PAN facilitated understanding of the shape of the LV-PAN orifice and the exact anatomical relationship between the rupture site and the posteromedial papillary muscle. Information sharing with surgeons contributed to avoiding direct papillary muscle injury and thus mitral valve deformation. CONCLUSION: LV-PAN formation after cardiac surgery can present without direct manipulation of the rupture site and major coronary lesion. Intraoperative RT 3-D TEE can facilitate better understanding of the anatomical relationship between the rupture site and the posteromedial papillary muscle and allow for information sharing to avoid complications during surgical repair.

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