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1.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 882, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nerve conduction study (NCS) is the only useful test for objective assessment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, the relationship between pre- and postoperative NCS and clinical outcomes was unclear. This study aimed to determine whether pre- and postoperative (6 months) NCS could predict patient-oriented and motor outcomes (6 and 12 months postoperatively) in patients with CTS. METHOD: Of the 85 patients with CTS, 107 hands were analyzed from March 2011 to March 2020. All patients underwent open carpal tunnel release and were examined using the disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire and grip strength (GS) preoperatively and 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Moreover, NCS was examined preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. Distal motor latency (DML) and sensory conduction velocity (SCV) were the parameters used for NCS. The correlation coefficient between NCS and DASH or GS was calculated. A receiver operating characteristic curve was utilized to determine the NCS threshold value to predict DASH and GS improvement. RESULTS: The average scores of GS preoperatively and 6 and 12 months postoperatively were 21.3, 22.3, and 22.8, respectively. On the other hand, the average scores of DASH preoperatively and 6 and 12 months postoperatively were 28.8, 18.3, and 12.2, respectively. The average NCS scores (DML and SCV) preoperatively/6 months postoperatively were 7.3/5.4 and 27.8/36.7, respectively. Preoperative NCS did not correlate with DASH and GS. Postoperative SCV correlated with the change in grip strength (6-12 months, r = 0.67; 0-12 months, r = 0.60) and DASH (0-12 months, r = 0.77). Moreover, postoperative DML correlated with the change in DASH (6-12 months, r = - 0.33; 0-12 months, r = - 0.59). The prediction for the improvement of GS/DASH achieved a sensitivity of 50.0%/66.7% and a specificity of 100%/100%, at an SCV cutoff score of 38.5/45.0 or above. The prediction for improvement of GS/DASH achieved a sensitivity of 83.3%/66.7% and a specificity of 100%/66.7% at a DML cutoff score of 4.4/4.4 or below. CONCLUSION: NCS at 6 months postoperatively can be used to predict the improvement of clinical outcome after 6 months postoperatively in patients with CTS.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Humanos , Nervo Mediano/cirurgia , Condução Nervosa , Exame Neurológico , Período Pós-Operatório
2.
Nutrition ; 93: 111428, 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474186

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Skeletal muscle loss and osteoporosis are major medical and socioeconomic concerns as the global population ages. Studies have reported that skeletal muscle mass correlates to bone mineral density (BMD). The psoas muscle index (PMI), measured as the L3 cross-sectional areas of the right and left psoas divided by the square of height, has a positive correlation with the total volume of skeletal muscle in the body. This study aimed to evaluate relationships between PMI and BMD and fracture risk estimated by the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX). METHODS: Preoperatively acquired, plain computed tomography images at the L3 level were used to measure PMI in 87 people with degenerative spinal diseases. We evaluated the correlation between PMI and BMD and fracture risk estimated by FRAX. RESULTS: PMI was significantly correlated with BMD in the entire lumbar spine and femoral neck (r = 0.413 and 0.525, both P < 0.001). People with osteoporosis showed significantly lower PMI than those without (P < 0.05). PMI was also significantly correlated with FRAX score (r = -0.545, P < 0.001). Furthermore, based on the recommendation of osteoporosis treatment, participants were divided into two groups: FRAX ≥15% (R group) and FRAX <15% (C group). The R group showed significantly lower PMI than the C group (P < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that PMI has moderate accuracy in diagnosing osteoporosis and FRAX ≥15%. CONCLUSIONS: PMI was significantly associated with BMD and fracture risk. PMI measurement is straightforward and may increase the diagnosis rate of osteoporosis and fracture risk.

3.
Acta Med Okayama ; 75(4): 423-430, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511608

RESUMO

The treatment of medial meniscus posterior root tears (MMPRTs) has evolved to include a variety of repair strategies. This study investigated the location of the articular cartilage degeneration during second-look arthroscopy after transtibial pullout repair with a modified Mason-Allen suture using FasT-Fix (F-MMA) in 22 patients with MMPRTs. Second-look arthroscopy was performed approximately 1 year postoperatively to eval-uate the healing status of the medial meniscus (MM). Articular cartilage degeneration was assessed using the International Cartilage Repair Society grade at primary surgery and again at second-look arthroscopy. Articular surfaces of the medial/lateral femoral condyles, the medial/lateral tibial plateaus, the patella and the trochlea were divided into several subcompartments (MF 1-9, LF 1-9, MT 1-5, LT 1-5, P 1-9, T 1-3). Clinical evaluations used the Japanese Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome, Lysholm, and International Knee Documentation Committee scores. Second-look arthroscopic findings showed complete healing of the MM posterior root in all patients. Significant differences between pullout repair and second-look arthroscopy were observed for MF 2 and 4, LF 7, and P 7. All clinical outcomes were improved. Our results indicate that this technique improves clinical outcomes postoperatively and may prevent the progression of cartilage degenera-tion on the loading surface of the medial knee compartment.

4.
Acta Med Okayama ; 75(4): 455-460, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511612

RESUMO

The intraoperative pathological diagnosis (IPD) plays an important role in determining the optimal surgical treatment for spinal cord tumors. The final pathological diagnosis (FPD) is sometimes different from the IPD. Here, we sought to identify the accuracy of the IPD of spinal cord tumors compared to the FPD. We retrospec-tively analyzed the cases of 108 patients with spinal cord tumors treated surgically in our institute; the IPD, FPD, mismatched cases, and concordance rate between the IPD and FPD were investigated. Five cases involved a mismatch between the IPD and FPD. The overall concordance rate was 95.4%, with 90.9% for extra-dural lesions, 98.5% for intradural extramedullary lesions, 84.2% for intramedullary lesions, and 100% for dumbbell-type tumors. The concordance rate of intramedullary lesions tended to be lower than that of other lesions (p = 0.096). A lower concordance rate was revealed for intramedullary lesions compared to the other lesions. Despite the IPD clearly remaining a valuable tool during operative procedures, surgeons should recog-nize the limitations of IPDs and make comprehensive decisions about surgical treatments.

5.
J Orthop Sci ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different methods are available to assess the healing status of repaired root for medial meniscus posterior root tears (MMPRT) using second-look arthroscopy. However, few studies are comparing them or validating their usefulness. Therefore, it was hypothesized that the semi-quantitative arthroscopic score might correlate more with 1-year clinical outcomes in patients with MMPRT than the qualitative evaluation. METHODS: Data of 61 patients who underwent MMPRT pullout repair and second-look arthroscopy were retrospectively evaluated. The semi-quantitative arthroscopic scoring system was divided into three evaluation criteria: scores from 0 to 10 points include the width of the bridging tissue, stability of the repaired root, and synovial coverage. The qualitative evaluation was classified into 4 status; complete healing, lax healing, scar tissue healing, and failed healing according to the stability and mobility of the repaired root. Multivariate linear regression analyses were used to identify predictors of 1-year postoperative clinical outcomes, including Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome, Lysholm, or International Knee Documentation Committee scores. Spearman's correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between second-look arthroscopic score/qualitative evaluation and 1-year postoperative clinical outcomes. In addition, the optimal cutoff point of semi-quantitative arthroscopic score was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare clinical outcomes between patients with semi-quantitative arthroscopic scores ≥8 and scores <8. RESULTS: All clinical scores significantly improved at 1 year postoperatively. A good correlation was observed between the semi-quantitative score and clinical scores, but none between qualitative evaluation and clinical scores. The optimal cutoff point of semi-quantitative second-look arthroscopic score was 8 points. Significantly, better clinical outcomes were observed in patients with semi-quantitative scores ≥8 points. CONCLUSIONS: All 1-year postoperative clinical scores were significantly improved. The semi-quantitative arthroscopic scores correlate more with 1-year clinical outcomes in patients with MMPRT than the qualitative evaluation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV case series study.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575945

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of adipose-derived extract (AE) on cultured chondrocytes and in vivo cartilage destruction. AE was prepared from human adipose tissues using a nonenzymatic approach. Cultured human chondrocytes were stimulated with interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) with or without different concentrations of AE. The effects of co-treatment with AE on intracellular signaling pathways and their downstream gene and protein expressions were examined using real-time PCR, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining. Rat AE prepared from inguinal adipose tissues was intra-articularly delivered to the knee joints of rats with experimental osteoarthritis (OA), and the effect of AE on cartilage destruction was evaluated histologically. In vitro, co-treatment with IL-1ß combined with AE reduced activation of the p38 and ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and nuclear translocation of the p65 subunit of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), and subsequently downregulated the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-3, MMP-13, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS)-4, IL-6, and IL-8, whereas it markedly upregulated the expression of IL-1 receptor type 2 (IL-1R2) in chondrocytes. Intra-articular injection of homologous AE significantly ameliorated cartilage destruction six weeks postoperatively in the rat OA model. These results suggested that AE may exert a chondroprotective effect, at least in part, through modulation of the IL-1ß-induced inflammatory signaling pathway by upregulation of IL-1R2 expression.

7.
Hip Int ; : 11207000211044675, 2021 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538120

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The acetabular labrum plays an important role in joint lubrication, and damage to this structure leads to osteoarthritis. This study aimed to histologically classify the degree of degeneration of the acetabular labrum and to investigate the changes in gene expression induced by mechanical stretching. METHODS: We obtained acetabular labrum cells from patients with hip osteoarthritis during total hip arthroplasty (n = 25). The labrum was stained with safranin O, and images were histologically evaluated using a new parameter, the red/blue (R/B) value. The samples were divided into the degenerated group (D group: n = 18) and the healthy group (H group: n = 7) in accordance with the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade. The cultured acetabular labral cells were subjected to loaded uniaxial cyclic tensile strain (CTS). After CTS, changes in gene expression were examined in both groups. RESULTS: Spearman's correlation analysis revealed that the R/B value was significantly correlated with the KL grade and the Krenn score. The expression levels of genes related to cartilage metabolism, osteogenesis and angiogenesis significantly increased after CTS in the H group, while gene expression in the D group showed weaker changes after CTS than that in the H group compared to the nonstretched control group. CONCLUSIONS: The degree of labral degeneration could be classified histologically using the R/B value and the KL grade. Mechanical stretching caused changes in gene expression that support the pathological features of labral degeneration.

8.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(8)2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441052

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: A few deep learning studies have reported that combining image features with patient variables enhanced identification accuracy compared with image-only models. However, previous studies have not statistically reported the additional effect of patient variables on the image-only models. This study aimed to statistically evaluate the osteoporosis identification ability of deep learning by combining hip radiographs with patient variables. Materials andMethods: We collected a dataset containing 1699 images from patients who underwent skeletal-bone-mineral density measurements and hip radiography at a general hospital from 2014 to 2021. Osteoporosis was assessed from hip radiographs using convolutional neural network (CNN) models (ResNet18, 34, 50, 101, and 152). We also investigated ensemble models with patient clinical variables added to each CNN. Accuracy, precision, recall, specificity, F1 score, and area under the curve (AUC) were calculated as performance metrics. Furthermore, we statistically compared the accuracy of the image-only model with that of an ensemble model that included images plus patient factors, including effect size for each performance metric. Results: All metrics were improved in the ResNet34 ensemble model compared with the image-only model. The AUC score in the ensemble model was significantly improved compared with the image-only model (difference 0.004; 95% CI 0.002-0.0007; p = 0.0004, effect size: 0.871). Conclusions: This study revealed the additional effect of patient variables in identification of osteoporosis using deep CNNs with hip radiographs. Our results provided evidence that the patient variables had additive synergistic effects on the image in osteoporosis identification.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Osteoporose , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia , Raios X
9.
Nat Biomed Eng ; 5(8): 926-940, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373601

RESUMO

Current protocols for the differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) into chondrocytes do not allow for the expansion of intermediate progenitors so as to prospectively assess their chondrogenic potential. Here we report a protocol that leverages PRRX1-tdTomato reporter hPSCs for the selective induction of expandable and ontogenetically defined PRRX1+ limb-bud-like mesenchymal cells under defined xeno-free conditions, and the prospective assessment of the cells' chondrogenic potential via the cell-surface markers CD90, CD140B and CD82. The cells, which proliferated stably and exhibited the potential to undergo chondrogenic differentiation, formed hyaline cartilaginous-like tissue commensurate to their PRRX1-expression levels. Moreover, we show that limb-bud-like mesenchymal cells derived from patient-derived induced hPSCs can be used to identify therapeutic candidates for type II collagenopathy and we developed a method to generate uniformly sized hyaline cartilaginous-like particles by plating the cells on culture dishes coated with spots of a zwitterionic polymer. PRRX1+ limb-bud-like mesenchymal cells could facilitate the mass production of chondrocytes and cartilaginous tissues for applications in drug screening and tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/citologia , Animais , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Diferenciação Celular , Condrócitos/citologia , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Condrócitos/transplante , Condrogênese , Doenças do Colágeno/terapia , Meios de Cultura/química , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/metabolismo , Polímeros/química , Receptor beta de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Antígenos Thy-1/metabolismo , Engenharia Tecidual
10.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254268, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234380

RESUMO

We investigated the expression and localization of the receptor activator nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) in cartilage from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of relevance to cartilage degeneration. We also examined the role of exogenous lymphotoxin (LT)-α on RANKL expression in human chondrocytes and its effect on in vitro osteoclast differentiation. Cartilage and synovial fluid samples were obtained from 45 patients undergoing total joint replacement surgery or joint puncture, including 24 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 21 patients with RA. RANKL expression in articular cartilage was examined by immunohistochemistry. LT-α concentrations in synovial fluid were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Normal human chondrocytes were stimulated with LT-α, and the relative mRNA levels of RANKL, osteoprotegerin (OPG), matrix metalloproteinase-9, and vascular endothelial growth factor were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Soluble RANKL protein in culture media was measured using ELISA, and membrane-bound RANKL protein in cells was examined by western blotting. Co-cultures of human chondrocytes with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were stimulated with macrophage-colony stimulating factor and LT-α, and osteoclast differentiation was evaluated by staining for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase. LT-α concentrations were higher in RA synovial fluid than in OA samples. The population of RANKL-positive chondrocytes of RA cartilage was higher than that of OA cartilage, and correlated with cartilage degeneration. Stimulation of cultured human chondrocytes by LT-α increased RANKL expression, the RANKL/OPG ratio, and angiogenic factors. Membrane-bound RANKL in chondrocytes was up-regulated after stimulation of LT-α, whereas soluble RANKL in culture medium did not increase. Co-cultures of human chondrocytes and PBMCs demonstrated that LT-α stimulated human chondrocytes to produce RANKL and induced osteoclastic differentiation of PBMCs. RANKL produced by chondrocytes may contribute to cartilage destruction during RA and LT-α could promote the expression of RANKL in human chondrocytes.

11.
J Foot Ankle Surg ; 2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303577

RESUMO

We investigated the clinical outcomes of surgical procedures for the treatment of forefoot deformities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Twenty feet in 16 women (mean age 62.1 years) underwent corrective osteotomy of the first metatarsal bone with shortening oblique osteotomy of the lesser metatarsophalangeal joints (joint-preservation group), while 13 feet in 12 women (mean age 67.4 years) underwent arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint with resection arthroplasty of the lesser metatarsophalangeal joints (joint-sacrifice group); mean follow-up for each group was 25.8 and 23.8 months, respectively. The mean total Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot (JSSF) scale improved significantly from 64.2 to 89.2 in the joint-preservation group (p < .001), and from 54.2 to 74.2 in the joint-sacrifice group (p = .003). In the joint-preservation group, the postoperative range of motion (ROM) of the joint, walking ability, and activities of daily living scores of the JSSF scale were significantly higher than those in the joint-sacrifice group (p = .001, p = .001, and p = .019, respectively). There were no differences in the subscale scores of the self-administered foot evaluation questionnaire between 2 groups either pre- or postoperatively. No differences in the postoperative complications were found between 2 groups. Although the joint-sacrificing procedure resulted in lower objective outcomes than the joint-preserving procedure regarding the ROM of the joint, the walking ability, and the level of activities of daily living, both procedures resulted in similar treatment outcomes when evaluated by the subjective measures.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299970

RESUMO

Dorsal dislocation of metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints of the lesser toe frequently occurs in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and may cause painful and uncomfortable plantar callosities and ulceration. The current study examined the reliability and clinical relevance of a novel radiographic parameter (the MTP overlap distance [MOD]) in evaluating the severity of MTP joint dislocation. The subjects of the current study were 147 RA patients (276 feet; 1104 toes). MOD, defined as the overlap distance of the metatarsal head and the proximal end of the phalanx, was measured on plain radiographs. The relationship between the MOD and clinical complaints (forefoot pain and/or callosity formation) was analyzed to create a severity grading system. As a result, toes with callosities had a significantly larger MOD. ROC analysis revealed that the MOD had a high AUC for predicting an asymptomatic foot (-0.70) and callosities (0.89). MOD grades were defined as follows: grade 1, 0 ≤ MOD < 5 mm; grade 2, 5 ≤ MOD < 10 mm; and grade 3, MOD ≥ 10 mm. The intra- and inter-observer reliability of the MOD grade had high reproducibility. Furthermore, the MOD and MOD grade improved significantly after joint-preserving surgeries for lesser toe deformities. Our results suggest that MOD and MOD grade might be useful tools for the evaluation of deformities of the lesser toe and the effect of surgical intervention for MTP joints in patients with RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Deformidades Adquiridas do Pé , Luxações Articulares , Articulação Metatarsofalângica , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Articulação Metatarsofalângica/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Dedos do Pé/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Orthop Traumatol Surg Res ; 107(6): 103008, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217863

RESUMO

Anterior external fixation (EF), as the primary treatment for unstable pelvic fractures, is performed with patients in the supine position. In most cases, however, definitive surgery for posterior fixation is performed first in the prone position without EF. We report the case of a patient with unilateral and vertically unstable pelvic fracture whom we had treated with minimally invasive spinopelvic fixation, with retention of the anterior EF in a lateral position. Reduction of the residual displacement was performed with percutaneous spinal instrumentation, and acceptable reduction was achieved. At the 13-month follow-up, the functional outcome, calculated using the Majeed Score, was 87 points. The plain radiograph showed good bone union, except for the right superior pubic ramus. The radiological outcome, measured using the Matta rating, was excellent. Thus, retaining the EF facilitates safe and accurate reduction without major surgical complications and may offer surgeons an additional management option for such fractures.

14.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 51(10): 1493-1497, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34322695

RESUMO

The usefulness of adjuvant chemotherapy for high-grade osteosarcoma was established by two randomized, controlled trials conducted in the 1980s, which used six drugs, doxorubicin, cisplatin, high-dose methotrexate, bleomycin, cyclophosphamide and actinomycin D. Since then, development has been promoted in the direction of introducing preoperative chemotherapy, changing post-operative adjuvant chemotherapy according to histological effects, adding ifosfamide as a key drug and strengthening adjuvant chemotherapy. No clinical trials, however, have shown the effectiveness of study treatment, and the improvement of treatment results during that time has been slight, although the JCOG0905 study is now going to verify the effectiveness of introducing ifosfamide for patients who experienced limited preoperative therapeutic effects. We are desperately looking for a breakthrough.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223912

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of cement augmentation for internally fixed trochanteric fractures through a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases to identify RCTs, published until July 2020 that examined the effects of cement augmentation of internal fixation of trochanteric fractures. The primary outcomes were reoperation and Parker Mobility Score, whereas the secondary outcomes were 1-year mortality rate, EuroQol 5 Dimension, fixation failures, and adverse events. We conducted meta-analyses of the outcome measures using the random-effects models. We evaluated the certainty of evidence based on the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool and the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach. RESULTS: We included three RCTs (326 participants). No significant effect was observed in favor of cement augmentation on all these outcomes. The certainty of evidence for fixation failures was very low and that for the other outcomes was low. The overall risk of bias for each outcome was high or of some concern in all included studies. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of cement augmentation of internal fixation of trochanteric fractures was uncertain for the clinical outcomes due to the low certainty of evidence. Further RCTs with a low risk of selection bias may present convincing conclusions on the efficacy and safety of cement augmentation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 1.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223925

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of tibial rotation on the postoperative healing status of the medial meniscus (MM) following pullout repair of the MM posterior root tear (MMPRT). METHODS: Ninety-one patients (68 women and 23 men; mean age 63.3 ± 8.8 years) who had undergone transtibial pullout repair of MMPRT were enrolled in the study. The tibial external rotation angle (ERA) in each patient was measured postoperatively using computed tomography in the extended knee position. The meniscal healing status following transtibial pullout repair was assessed by second-look arthroscopy (mean postoperative period 12 months) using a previously published scoring system (range 0-10). The association between the ERA and the meniscal healing score was investigated using univariate linear regression models. The ERA cut-off for improved meniscal healing score (≥ 7) was determined using receiver-operating characteristic analysis. RESULTS: The ERA and the meniscal healing score were significantly associated, confirming that increased ERAs were correlated with worse meniscal healing status (R = - 0.28; P < 0.001). The optimum ERA cut-off value was 0.5°, with a sensitivity of 68% and a specificity of 63%. The mean meniscal healing scores were 7.3 and 6.2 among patients with ERAs < 0.5° and those with ERAs ≥ 0.5°, respectively (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that the ERA was significantly correlated with the postoperative meniscal healing status. Postoperative tibial rotation could be one of the factors affecting postoperative outcomes of pullout repair of MMPRT. Controlling the tibial rotation may possibly improve meniscal healing. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.

17.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 88(3): 513-524, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma (OS) is a malignant bone tumor primarily affecting children and adolescents. The prognosis of chemotherapy-refractory OS patients is poor. We developed a tumor suppressor p53-expressing oncolytic adenovirus (OBP-702) that exhibits antitumor effects against human OS cells. Here, we demonstrate the chemosensitizing effect of OBP-702 in human OS cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The in vitro and in vivo antitumor activities of doxorubicin (DOX) and OBP-702 were assessed using parental and DOX-resistant OS cells (U2OS, MNNG/HOS) and a DOX-resistant MNNG/HOS xenograft tumor model. RESULTS: DOX-resistant OS cells exhibited high multidrug resistant 1 (MDR1) expression, which was suppressed by OBP-702 or MDR1 siRNA, resulting in enhanced DOX-induced apoptosis. Compared to monotherapy, OBP-702 and DOX combination therapy significantly suppressed tumor growth in the DOX-resistant MNNG/HOS xenograft tumor model. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that MDR1 is an attractive therapeutic target for chemoresistant OS. Tumor-specific virotherapy is thus a promising strategy for reversing chemoresistance in OS patients via suppression of MDR1 expression.

18.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 20(8): 1388-1399, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34088832

RESUMO

Colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF1) is a primary regulator of the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of monocyte/macrophage that sustains the protumorigenic functions of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Considering current advances in understanding the role of the inflammatory tumor microenvironment, targeting the components of the sarcoma microenvironment, such as TAMs, is a viable strategy. Here, we investigated the effect of PLX3397 (pexidartinib) as a potent inhibitor of the CSF1 receptor (CSF1R). PLX3397 was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat tenosynovial giant cell tumor and reprogram TAMs whose infiltration correlates with unfavorable prognosis of sarcomas. First, we confirmed by cytokine arrays of tumor-conditioned media (TCM) that cytokines including CSF1 are secreted from LM8 osteosarcoma cells and NFSa fibrosarcoma cells. The TCM, like CSF1, stimulated ERK1/2 phosphorylation in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs), polarized BMDMs toward an M2 (TAM-like) phenotype, and strikingly promoted BMDM chemotaxis. In vitro administration of PLX3397 suppressed pERK1/2 stimulation by CSF1 or TCM, and reduced M2 polarization, survival, and chemotaxis in BMDMs. Systemic administration of PLX3397 to the osteosarcoma orthotopic xenograft model significantly suppressed the primary tumor growth and lung metastasis, and thus improved metastasis-free survival. PLX3397 treatment concurrently depleted TAMs and FOXP3+ regulatory T cells and, surprisingly, enhanced infiltration of CD8+ T cells into the microenvironments of both primary and metastatic osteosarcoma sites. Our preclinical results show that PLX3397 has strong macrophage- and T-cell-modulating effects that may translate into cancer immunotherapy for bone and soft-tissue sarcomas.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34137941

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Transtibial pullout repairs using two simple stitches (TSS) and a combination of TSS with posteromedial pullout repair (TSS + PMP) using an all-inside meniscal repair device have been reported previously for the treatment of medial meniscus (MM) posterior root tears. This study aimed to investigate the postoperative clinical outcomes of these techniques including MM extrusion (MME). METHODS: Fifty-two patients who underwent transtibial pullout repair were investigated and divided into TSS (n = 27) and TSS + PMP (n = 25) groups. The clinical outcomes were assessed using the Lysholm knee score and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score 1 year postoperatively and compared between two groups. MME was measured using magnetic resonance imaging at 1 year postoperatively and compared between two groups. RESULTS: A significant improvement in each clinical score was observed in both groups, and no significant difference was seen in clinical outcomes. Moreover, no significant difference in postoperative MME was observed in both groups (TSS and TSS + PMP: 3.5 mm and 3.8 mm, respectively). Though no significant progression of MME was observed in TSS group, a significant progression of it was observed in TSS + PMP group postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that both techniques improved clinical outcomes in the short-term postoperative period. However, MME was progressed significantly in TSS + PMP group 1 year postoperatively, which indicated that PMP might not be a useful additional procedure for reducing the postoperative MME.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057554

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Postoperative radiographs are routinely used to assess fracture reduction following intramedullary nail fixation for pertrochanteric fractures, even though computed tomography (CT) is a superior modality. We aimed to determine the association between reduction quality assessed by CT and rates of reoperation and to evaluate the association of reoperation and reduction quality according to the assessment modality (plain radiographs vs. CT). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 299 consecutive patients treated with intramedullary nail fixation for pertrochanteric fractures was conducted. Fracture reduction measured by postoperative radiographs and CT was categorized as anatomical type, extramedullary type, or intramedullary type. Postoperative data for analysis included reduction status, tip-apex distance (TAD), screw position in the femoral head, sliding distance, and conditions associated with reoperation. RESULTS: Of the 299 patients included with a mean age of 83.1 ± 8.2 years, there were six patients who required reoperation (2.0%). According to the CT assessments, there were 42 intramedullary reductions (14.0%). Patients with a non-intramedullary reduction based on postoperative CT images were significantly more likely to have proper placement of the screw, a reduced TAD, a reduced sliding distance, and a lower reoperation rate than those with an intramedullary reduction (P < 0.05). The reduction quality assessed by postoperative CT was significantly associated with reoperation (95% CI, 1.45-29.31). CONCLUSIONS: Intramedullary reduction assessed by CT was associated with reoperation. The reduction quality based on CT findings was more predictive for reoperation than that from plain radiographs.

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