Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 16 de 16
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Andrologia ; 51(11): e13430, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573111

RESUMO

The aim in this study is to evaluate predictive factors on sperm retrieval and pregnancy rates by microdissection testicular sperm extraction in non obstructive azoospermia patients with a history of orchidopexy operation. A total of 148 patients were included, and their medical files were evaluated. Data related to possible predictive factors on sperm retrieval and pregnancy rates such as age at orchidopexy operation, unilateral or bilateral presence of undescended testis before orchidopexy, testis volumes and hormone levels were statistically analysed. It revealed that the mean ages in patients with unilateral and bilateral orchidopexy operations were 35.37 (±4.84) and 33.94 (±5.91) respectively. Mean testis volume in the unilateral orchidopexy group was 7.59 (±3.12) ml on the right testis and 7.37 (±2.86) ml on the left testis. Mean FSH levels were detected as 22.71 (±11.86) mIU/ml in the unilateral group and 28.19 (±12.40) mIU/ml in the bilateral group. In our study, we have shown that the age at which patients undergo orchidopexy and the unilateral or bilateral presence of cryptorchidism has no correlation with sperm retrieval and pregnancy rates.

2.
Turk J Med Sci ; 49(3): 821-825, 2019 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064167

RESUMO

Background/aim: In this study, we aimed to present our results on single-guidewire flexible ureteroscopy and retrograde intrarenal surgery without fluoroscopy and an access sheet, and to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this procedure retrospectively. Materials and methods: Our routine technique can be described as the evaluation of the ureter using a semirigid ureterorenoscope (URS), leading in the guidewire through the semirigid URS, pulling the semirigid URS back, inserting the flexible URS with the aid of the guidewire, inserting the laser probe through the flexible URS, and performing laser lithotripsy. Results: Our study included 400 male and 198 female patients with a mean age of 36.8 ± 16 (14­80) years. The mean stone size was 8.7 ± 4 (8­20) mm, and the mean operation time was 56 (32­106) min. Postoperative fever was observed in 24 (4%) of the patients, and 30 (5%) patients had hematuria as a minor complication. A stone-free status was observed in 466 (78%) patients, while 102 (17%) patients had clinically insignificant minor stone fragments and 30 patients had clinically significant stone residue. Conclusion: The retrograde intrarenal surgery procedure using only a guidewire without fluoroscopy and an access sheet in the treatment of kidney stones is technically safe and effective.


Assuntos
Histeroscópios , Cálculos Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Ureteroscopia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Rim/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ureteroscopia/efeitos adversos , Ureteroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Med Princ Pract ; 27(3): 217-221, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29506009

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Prolidase plays a vital role in collagen turnover, matrix remodeling, and cell growth. We aimed to evaluate the association between treatment with chorionic gonadotropin and infertility and erectile dysfunction by investigating tissue prolidase activity, oxidative stress, and levels of antioxidant enzymes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 16 male Wistar albino rats used in this study were randomly divided into 2 groups: rats treated with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and control rats (n = 8 in each group). The rats in the hCG group were subcutaneously injected with 50 IU hCG daily for 15 days, while the rats in the control group were subcutaneously injected isotonic saline. All of the rats were sacrificed by a lethal overdose of sodium pentobarbital at the first month after hCG administration. Prolidase activity and levels of malonyl aldehyde, glutathione reductase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and catalase (CAT) were estimated in the testicular and penile tissue. The testicles and penis were transversely dissected and placed in formalin. RESULTS: Levels of prolidase and malonyl aldehyde in the testicular and penile tissues were significantly higher in the hCG group than in the control group (p < 0.001), while levels of glutathione reductase, SOD, GSH-Px, and CAT were significantly lower in the hCG group than in the control group (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we observed that treatment with hCG increased prolidase activity and oxidative stress and decreased the antioxidant capacity of penile and testicular tissues; therefore, this may affect fertility and erectile function.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Gonadotropina Coriônica/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Vasoconstritores/farmacologia , Animais , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Ratos
4.
Acta Cir Bras ; 33(2): 125-133, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29513811

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the biochemical, histopathologic, and spermatogenetic changes in the detorsionated testicle after experimental torsion and to study the antioxidant effects of pheniramine maleate and nebivolol. METHODS: Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into 4 groups: Group 1: Sham; Group 2: Torsion/Detorsion (T/D); Group 3: T/D + Pheniramine maleate (PM); Group 4: T/D + Nebivolol (NB) group. Paroxanase (PON), total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), and oxidative stres index (OSI) were measured, and spermatogenetic and histopathologic evaluation was performed in tissue and blood samples. RESULTS: The evaluation of tissue TAS indicated no statistically significant difference in Group 3 compared to Group 2. A statistically significant increase was detected in Group 4 compared to Group 2. Serum PON levels revealed a statistically significant increase in Groups 3 and 4 compared to Groups 1 and 2. The Johnsen testicular biopsy score decreased in Groups 3 and 4, but the decrease was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Pheniramine maleate and nebivolol have antioxidant effects against ischemia-reperfusion damage. They also support tissue recovery, which is more significantly observed by nebivolol.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Nebivolol/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Feniramina/farmacologia , Torção do Cordão Espermático/tratamento farmacológico , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/farmacologia , Animais , Arildialquilfosfatase/sangue , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos H1/farmacologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Torção do Cordão Espermático/patologia , Espermatogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/irrigação sanguínea , Testículo/patologia , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Turk J Med Sci ; 48(1): 191-195, 2018 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29479984

RESUMO

Background/aim: This study aimed to investigate the effects of apoptosis-inducing Bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa-interacting protein 3 (BNIP 3) and antiapoptotic epidermal growth factor (EGF) on the pathophysiology of experimental low-flow priapism. Materials and methods: Twenty-four adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four equal groups. Group I was the control group. Ischemic priapism was induced for 4 h in Group II rats. In Group III, intraperitoneal EGF at 10 µg/kg was given for 7 days before induction of ischemic priapism for 4 h. In Group IV, intraperitoneal EGF at 20 µg/kg was given for 7 days before induction of ischemic priapism for 4 h. The western blot method was used to determine BNIP 3 expression levels and the TUNEL method was used to determine the apoptotic cells in the cavernosal tissue samples. Results: Although BNIP 3 expression levels were significantly higher in all three study groups compared to the controls, BNIP 3 was significantly higher in EGF-administered groups when compared to Group II (P < 0.05). The TUNEL score of group II was significantly higher than those of the other groups. Conclusion: Decreased apoptosis in cavernosal tissues obtained by antagonizing the apoptotic effect of BNIP 3 with EGF may facilitate the development of new conservative treatment methods via those pathways.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Ereção Peniana/efeitos dos fármacos , Pênis/efeitos dos fármacos , Priapismo/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/farmacologia , Isquemia , Masculino , Pênis/irrigação sanguínea , Pênis/fisiologia , Priapismo/etiologia , Priapismo/fisiopatologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(2): 125-133, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-886259

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the biochemical, histopathologic, and spermatogenetic changes in the detorsionated testicle after experimental torsion and to study the antioxidant effects of pheniramine maleate and nebivolol. Methods: Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into 4 groups: Group 1: Sham; Group 2: Torsion/Detorsion (T/D); Group 3: T/D + Pheniramine maleate (PM); Group 4: T/D + Nebivolol (NB) group. Paroxanase (PON), total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), and oxidative stres index (OSI) were measured, and spermatogenetic and histopathologic evaluation was performed in tissue and blood samples. Results: The evaluation of tissue TAS indicated no statistically significant difference in Group 3 compared to Group 2. A statistically significant increase was detected in Group 4 compared to Group 2. Serum PON levels revealed a statistically significant increase in Groups 3 and 4 compared to Groups 1 and 2. The Johnsen testicular biopsy score decreased in Groups 3 and 4, but the decrease was not statistically significant. Conclusions: Pheniramine maleate and nebivolol have antioxidant effects against ischemia-reperfusion damage. They also support tissue recovery, which is more significantly observed by nebivolol.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Feniramina/farmacologia , Torção do Cordão Espermático/tratamento farmacológico , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Nebivolol/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Torção do Cordão Espermático/patologia , Espermatogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/irrigação sanguínea , Testículo/patologia , Fatores de Tempo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/farmacologia , Arildialquilfosfatase/sangue , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos H1/farmacologia
7.
Redox Rep ; 22(6): 252-256, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27414070

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether serum levels of adenosine deaminase (AD), catalase (CAT), and carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzymes may be useful biomarkers in the diagnosis of renal tumors and may lead to early diagnosis of renal tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 33 patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and 31 healthy controls. The activity of serum AD, CA, and CAT was determined and analyzed using the Giusti spectrophotometric method, H2O2 substrate, and C02 hydration, respectively. RESULTS: Serum AD and CA activity were significantly higher in patients with RCC than in controls. However, serum CAT activity was significantly lower in patients with RCC than in controls. CONCLUSION: These markers might be potentially important as an additional biochemical tool for diagnosing RCC. We believe multidisciplinary studies are needed to plan patients' preoperative and postoperative treatment and to create follow-up protocols.


Assuntos
Adenosina Desaminase/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Int J Reprod Biomed (Yazd) ; 15(12): 749-756, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29492471

RESUMO

Background: Infertility is described as not receiving pregnancy despite unprotected and regular sexual intercourse in a 1 yr period. It is detected by 15% of the couples. Male and female factor in the etiology may be detected in similar rates. Objective: The present study aims to investigate ion channel gene expression in semen samples of infertile male compared with fertile men. Materials and Methods: A total of 150 men who applied to the urology clinic due to infertility were divided into five equal groups: asthenozoospermia, oligozoospermia, oligoasthenoteratozoospermia, teratozoospermia, and normozoospermia (control). All paticipants were evaluated with Cation Channel Spermia (CatSper) 1, 2, 3, 4, Proton Voltage Gated Ion Channel1 (Hv1), Potassium Channel Subfamily U1 (KCNU1), and transmembrane protein (TMEM16A) gene expression in semen samples. Results: "CatSper1, 4, HV1, KCNU1, and TMEM16A gene expression were detected higher in the oligozoospermia group compared to the controls. CatSper1, 2, 3, 4, KCNU1, and TMEM16A gene expression in the asthenozoospermia group and CatSper1, 2, 3, 4, KCNU1, and TMEM16A gene expression in the teratozoospermia group were detected lower compared to the controls. CatSper1, 4, HV1, and TMEM16A gen expression were higher in the oligoasthenoteratozoospermia men than the controls while CatSper3 gen expression was detected as lower." Conclusion: It was detected that these ion channels have an effect on sperm progressive motility and morphology. It may be considered that mutations in these ion channels may result in infertility.

9.
Turk J Urol ; 41(4): 208-14, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26623150

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS), either alone or combined with an anticholinergic agent, in treating patients with an overactive bladder (OAB) in whom previous conservative treatment failed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, we included a total of 30 female patients with OAB in whom all conventional therapies failed between January 2010 and April 2011. Patients were randomly divided into three groups: Group 1, PTNS group; Group 2, patients receiving an anticholinergic agent; and Group 3, patients receiving both PTNS and anticholinergic agent. PTNS treatment continued for 12 weeks with each session lasting 30 min. RESULTS: All parameters of the bladder diary significantly improved in all groups (p<0.05). Similarly, all scores measured by questionnaires (UDI-6, IIQ-7, and OABSS) revealed significant improvements in all groups. When the improvements in symptoms were compared among the groups, there was a statistically significantly higher improvement in groups 1 and 3 than in Group 2. CONCLUSION: PTNS is a safe, simple, and minimally invasive treatment modality in patients with OAB, and it may be suggested either alone or in combination with anticholinergics when conventional treatments fail.

10.
Turk J Urol ; 41(3): 125-31, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26516595

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study is a placebo-controlled comparison of the response to alfuzosin treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients with and without metabolic syndrome (MetS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 80 men with LUTS were included in the study. Patients had a maximum flow rate of <15 mL/sec, prostate volume of >20 mL, and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) of >8. All eligible men (n=68) for evaluation were initially divided into two groups as MetS (n=34) and non-MetS (n=34) groups. Patients were further randomized to receive alfuzosin (10 mg/day) or placebo (n=17/group; a total of four groups). The outcome was measured at 12(th) week according to the changes from baseline in IPSS, quality of life (QoL) scores, maximum flow rate (Qmax), and postmictional residue. RESULTS: Alfuzosin significantly improved LUTS in men with and without MetS compared with patients receiving placebo (p<0.05). Mean IPSS scores in treatment groups decreased significantly, whereas patients receiving placebo had no statistically significant difference (p>0.05). Similarly, alfuzosin treatment resulted in a significant increase in Qmax in patients with LUTS/benign prostatic enlargement when compared with patients in placebo group (p<0.05). Mean QoL scores measured by IPSS-QoL and QoL questionnaires also improved significantly in patients receiving alfuzosin for 3 months regardless of the presence of MetS (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Our results revealed that the presence of MetS in patients with LUTS did not impair the response to alfuzosin treatment.

11.
Turk J Urol ; 41(2): 73-7, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26328205

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in the treatment of kidney stones greater than 2 cm and to compare its results with those of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a total of 143 patients: 86 patients (53 males and 33 females) who underwent PCNL and 57 patients (37 males and 20 females) who underwent RIRS between October 2009 and October 2013. RESULTS: The mean duration of operation was 100.26±33.26 min in the RIRS group and 75.55±21.5 min in the PCNL group (p<0.001). The hospital stay was significantly shorter in the RIRS group (1.56±0.8 vs. 4.57±2.1 days in the RIRS and PCNL groups, respectively; p<0.001). Stone-free rates after one session were 66.6% and 91.8% of the RIRS and PCNL groups, respectively. The stone-free rate of the RIRS group improved to 87.7% after the second session. Blood transfusions were required in two patients in the PCNL group. Complication rates were higher in the PCNL group. CONCLUSION: This study revealed that RIRS can be an alternative to PCNL in the treatment of kidney stones with a diameter of 2-4 cm especially in patients with comorbidities.

12.
Diagnosis (Berl) ; 2(1): 61-65, 2015 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29540017

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are some problematic results in determination of differential renal function (DRF) by means of Tc-99m DMSA renal scintigraphy in hydronephrotic kidneys. In this study the classical method (CM) and unit area methods (UAM) in the estimation of DRF in unilateral hydronephrosis before and after intervention were compared. METHODS: Twenty patients (12 M, 8 F; mean: 42.6±18.5 years old) who were candidates for surgery or intervention because of unilateral hydronephrosis were the subjects of this study. All the patients were evaluated by Tc-99m DMSA scintigraphy before and 3-6 months after the intervention. In order to estimate DRF both CM and UAM (obtained by division of the counts including the kidney ROI to pixel of the same ROI) were performed. Bland-Altman analyses were performed in order to compare the DRF values obtained from both methods. RESULTS: The agreement between CM and UAM was poor in the preoperative estimation, however, the agreement was good after the operation or intervention. CONCLUSIONS: In this study it seems that DRF estimation with CM in unilateral hydronephrosis might be problematic in the determination of surgery thus UAM might be introduced as the method of choice in the determination of DRF in unilateral hyronephrosis.

13.
Urology ; 82(3): 625-9, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23987157

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early therapeutic alternatives such as bosentan, an endothelin receptor blocker, theophylline, an adenosin receptor blocker, and a nonselective phosphodiesterase enzyme inhibitor, zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP), a heme oxygenase 1 inhibitor, for the therapy of ischemic priapism in the rat models. METHODS: Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 equal groups: control group, ZnPP group, bosentan group, and theophylline group. Erection was provided by vacuum constriction method and maintained for 4 hours for achieving the priapism in all groups. The rats in the control group were administered 1 mL/kg saline intraperitoneally (ip). The rats in group 2 were administered 25 mg/kg ZnPP ip. The rats in group 3 were administered 0.25 mg/kg bosentan ip. The rats in group 4 were administered 100 mg/kg theophylline ip. Six rats from each group were decapitated after 6 hours of drug administration. Then endothelin 1, adenosine deaminase, heme oxygenase 1 enzymatic activity, and apoptosis index in the cavernous tissues were estimated. RESULTS: Cavernous tissue endothelin 1, adenosine deaminase, heme oxygenase 1 enzymatic activity levels, and apoptosis index were significantly decreased in bosentan, theophylline, and ZnPP-treated rats compared with the controls. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of priapism induced apoptosis with bosentan, theophylline, and ZnPP seems promising on preserving erectile function.


Assuntos
Adenosina Desaminase/metabolismo , Endotelina-1/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Pênis/metabolismo , Priapismo/tratamento farmacológico , Priapismo/metabolismo , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Bosentana , Antagonistas dos Receptores de Endotelina , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Isquemia/complicações , Masculino , Pênis/citologia , Priapismo/etiologia , Protoporfirinas/farmacologia , Antagonistas de Receptores Purinérgicos P1/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Teofilina/farmacologia
14.
Urology ; 81(3): 557-61, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23352373

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the contractile characteristics of the seminal vesicles in rats, in which hyperprolactinemia and hypoprolactinemia was induced by prolactin and bromocriptine administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group, hyperprolactinemia group, and hypoprolactinemia group. The rats in the control group were administered 0.1 mL saline subcutaneously for 21 days. The rats in group 2 received prolactin 51 µg/kg subcutaneously for 21 days. The rats in the third group received intraperitoneal bromocriptine mesylate at a dose of 66 µg/kg. All the rats were decapitated at 21 days. The seminal vesicles were removed using a microsurgical technique, and the tissue sections were prepared (0.5 × 0.2 cm). These sections were suspended in the organ bath. Subsequently, contractions were induced using 10 µmol acetylcholine or 100 mmol potassium chloride. RESULTS: The amplitude values induced by potassium chloride in the prolactin group were significantly greater than those in the bromocriptine group or control group. Similarly, the amplitude values induced by acetylcholine were also significantly greater in the prolactin group than in the other 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Experimental hyperprolactinemia results in an increase in the smooth muscle contraction and tonus of the seminal vesicles. The alterations in the smooth muscle tonus in the seminal vesicles and genitourinary tract might be involved in the etiology of infertility occurring in hyperprolactinemia.


Assuntos
Hiperprolactinemia/fisiopatologia , Contração Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Liso/fisiologia , Prolactina/farmacologia , Glândulas Seminais/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândulas Seminais/fisiologia , Animais , Técnicas In Vitro , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Glândulas Seminais/fisiopatologia
15.
World J Urol ; 31(4): 929-33, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22669360

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the sexual function in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who were examined in two subgroups and compare the results to the control group with a validated questionnaire. METHODS: A total of 23 consecutive female MS patients divided into groups with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) and secondary progressive MS (SPMS) and 45 healthy control subjects were included into the study. The inclusion criteria were as follows: Definite MS, age between 18 and 60 years and an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score of <8. The neurologic impairment, the disability and the independence of the patient, and cognitive performances were measured, and also the effect of MS is evaluated by EDSS. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was found between two groups. FSFI scores in both groups were significantly lower than the control group. Domain scores for desire, arousal, orgasm, pain, lubrication and satisfaction measured between RRMS and SPMS patients showed no significant difference. Comparing each domain score for arousal, orgasm and satisfaction revealed significantly lower scores in RRMS and SPMS patients compared to control group. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we detected statistically significant decrease in FSFI scores in two groups of MS compared to healthy controls. We could not define a difference in sexual function in different stages of MS in women and a statistically significant negative correlation between EDSS and FSFI scores in the two subgroups of MS.


Assuntos
Esclerose Múltipla Crônica Progressiva/fisiopatologia , Esclerose Múltipla Recidivante-Remitente/fisiopatologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cognição/fisiologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla Crônica Progressiva/complicações , Esclerose Múltipla Recidivante-Remitente/complicações , Orgasmo/fisiologia , Recidiva , Comportamento Sexual/fisiologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
16.
Urology ; 75(4): 873-7, 2010 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20022086

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of combined use of trospium chloride and melatonin on in vitro contractility of rat urinary bladder. METHODS: Isolated bladder strips from 20 male Wistar rats were examined in an organ bath. Contractions were evoked by acetylcholine (ACh). Initially, effective concentrations of trospium and melatonin to inhibit the contractions were determined. We subsequently tested the effects of combined use of melatonin and trospium on agonist-induced contractions. RESULTS: Exposure of bladder strips to 10 microM ACh significantly increased the contractions. After cumulative administration of increasing concentrations of trospium (1, 3, and 5 microM), agonist-induced contractions decreased significantly (P <.05). Similarly, the mean peak amplitude of contractions evoked by ACh was significantly inhibited by melatonin in a concentration-dependent manner (100, 200, and 300 microM) (P <.05). Further evaluation of the effects of combined use of trospium and melatonin on ACh-induced contractions of bladder strips revealed that one-tenth of initially applied dose of trospium (500 nM) in addition to the lowest inhibitory dose of melatonin (100 microM) significantly lowered both the peak amplitude and area under the contractility curve of contractions (P <.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that combined use of low dose trospium and melatonin had strong in vitro inhibitory capability on agonist-induced contractions of rat bladder strips. The present findings may offer an insight into lowering the dose of an antimuscarinic by combining it with an antioxidant and endogenous hormone, melatonin.


Assuntos
Melatonina/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas Muscarínicos/administração & dosagem , Contração Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Nortropanos/administração & dosagem , Bexiga Urinária/efeitos dos fármacos , Bexiga Urinária/fisiologia , Animais , Benzilatos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Técnicas In Vitro , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA