Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 95
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687708

RESUMO

A series of model dinuclear manganese(IV) complexes of the general formula [(H3COH)(L')MnIV(µ-L)2MnIV(L')(HOCH3)] is presented. These compounds feature capping 4,6,10-trihydroxo-3,5,7-trimethyl-1,4,6,10-tetraazaadamantane ligands derived from a polydentate oxime compound (L'). The bridging ligands L include azide (1), methoxide (2), and oxalate (3) anions. The magnetic properties and high-field (HF) EPR spectra of 1-3 were studied in detail and revealed varying weak antiferromagnetic coupling and modest zero-field splitting (ZFS) of the local quartet spin sites. Our HF EPR studies provide insight into the dimer ZFS, including determination of the corresponding parameters by giant spin approach for methoxido-bridged complex 2. Furthermore, the physicochemical properties of 1-3 were studied using IR, UV-vis, and electrochemical (cyclic voltammetry) methods. Theoretical exchange coupling constants were obtained using broken-symmetry (BS) density functional theory (DFT). Computational estimates of the local quartet ground spins state ZFSs of 1-3 were obtained using coupled-perturbed (CP) DFT and complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) calculations with n-electron valence state perturbation theory (NEVPT2) corrections. We found that the CP DFT calculations which used the B3LYP functional and models derived experimental structures performed best in reproducing both the magnitude and the sign of the experimental D values. Moreover, our computational investigation of 1-3 suggests that we observe metals sites which have an increased +3 character and are supported by redox noninnocent 4,6,10-trihydroxo-3,5,7-trimethyl-1,4,6,10-tetraazaadamantane ligands. The latter conclusion is further corroborated by the observation that the free ligand can be readily oxidized to yield a NO-based radical.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441928

RESUMO

In this contribution, we report the synthesis and full characterization of the first mixed-valence Ru(II)/Ru(III) ion-pair complex, [RuII(bipy)2(pic)]+[cis-RuIIICl2(pic)2]-, in the solid state and in aqueous solution, where bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine and pic- = picolinate. In addition, unexpected high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance evidence for interactions between two neighboring Ru(III) ions, resulting in a triplet state, S = 1, was found.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32279487

RESUMO

Stable coordination complexes of TiII (3d2) are relatively uncommon, but are of interest as synthons for low oxidation state titanium complexes for application as potential catalysts and reagents for organic synthesis. Specifically, high-spin TiII ions supported by redox-inactive ligands are still quite rare due to the reducing power of this soft ion. Among such TiII complexes is trans-[TiCl2(tmeda)2], where tmeda = N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethane-1,2-diamine. This complex was first reported by Gambarotta and co-workers almost 30 years ago, but it was not spectroscopically characterized and theoretical investigation by quantum chemical theory (QCT) was not feasible at that time. As part of our interest in low oxidation state early transition metal complexes, we have revisited this complex and report a modified synthesis and a low temperature (100 K) crystal structure that differs slightly from that originally reported at ambient temperature. We have used magnetometry, high-frequency and -field EPR (HFEPR), and variable-temperature variable-field magnetic circular dichroism (VTVH-MCD) spectroscopies to characterize trans-[TiCl2(tmeda)2]. These techniques yield the following S = 1 spin Hamiltonian parameters for the complex: D = -5.23(1) cm-1, E = -0.88(1) cm-1, (E/D = 0.17), g = [1.86(1), 1.94(2), 1.77(1)]. This information, in combination with electronic transitions from MCD, was used as input for both classical ligand-field theory (LFT) and detailed QCT studies, the latter including both density functional theory (DFT) and ab initio methods. These computational methods are seldom applied to paramagnetic early transition metal complexes, particularly those with S > 1/2. Our studies provide a complete picture of the electronic structure of this complex that can be put into context with the few other high-spin and mononuclear TiII species characterized to date.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(32): 4400-4403, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32242582

RESUMO

Coordination of 1-isopropyl-3,5-dipyridyl-6-oxoverdazyl to cobalt results in a dication best described in the solid state as a high spin cobalt(ii) ion coordinated to two radical ligands with an S = 3/2 ground state. On dissolution in acetonitrile, the cobalt(ii) form equilibrates with a cobalt(iii) valence tautomer with an S = 1/2 ground state.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 59(2): 1075-1090, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909979

RESUMO

Metallocorroles wherein the metal ion is MnIII and formally FeIV are studied here using field- and frequency-domain electron paramagnetic resonance techniques. The MnIII corrole, Mn(tpfc) (tpfc = 5,10,15-tris(pentafluorophenyl)corrole trianion), exhibits the following S = 2 zero-field splitting (zfs) parameters: D = -2.67(1) cm-1, |E| = 0.023(5) cm-1. This result and those for other MnIII tetrapyrroles indicate that when D ≈ - 2.5 ± 0.5 cm-1 for 4- or 5-coordinate and D ≈ - 3.5 ± 0.5 cm-1 for 6-coordinate complexes, the ground state description is [MnIII(Cor3-)]0 or [MnIII(P2-)]+ (Cor = corrole, P = porphyrin). The situation for formally FeIV corroles is more complicated, and it has been shown that for Fe(Cor)X, when X = Ph (phenyl), the ground state is a spin triplet best described by [FeIV(Cor3-)]+, but when X = halide, the ground state corresponds to [FeIII(Cor•2-)]+, wherein an intermediate spin (S = 3/2) FeIII is antiferromagnetically coupled to a corrole radical dianion (S = 1/2) to also give an S = 1 ground state. These two valence isomers can be distinguished by their zfs parameters, as determined here for Fe(tpc)X, X = Ph, Cl (tpc = 5,10,15-triphenylcorrole trianion). The complex with axial phenyl gives D = 21.1(2) cm-1, while that with axial chloride gives D = 14.6(1) cm-1. The D value for Fe(tpc)Ph is in rough agreement with the range of values reported for other FeIV complexes. In contrast, the D value for Fe(tpc)Cl is inconsistent with an FeIV description and represents a different type of iron center. Computational studies corroborate the zfs for the two types of iron corrole complexes. Thus, the zfs of metallocorroles can be diagnostic as to the electronic structure of a formally high oxidation state metallocorrole, and by extension to metalloporphyrins, although such studies have yet to be performed.

7.
J Phys Chem B ; 123(23): 4929-4934, 2019 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31117618

RESUMO

During infection, the bacterial pathogens Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae employ ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters to acquire Mn(II), an essential nutrient, from the host environment. Staphylococcal MntABC and streptococcal PsaABC attract the attention of the biophysical and bacterial pathogenesis communities because of their established importance during infection. Previous biophysical examination of Mn(II)-MntC and Mn(II)-PsaA using continuous-wave (≈9 GHz) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy revealed broad, difficult-to-interpret spectra (Hadley et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 110-113). Herein, we employ high-frequency (>90 GHz), high-field (>3 T) EPR spectroscopy to investigate the Mn(II)-binding sites of these proteins and determine the spin Hamiltonian parameters. Our analyses demonstrate that the zero-field splitting (ZFS) is large for Mn(II)-MntC and Mn(II)-PsaA at +2.72 and +2.87 GHz, respectively. The measured 55Mn hyperfine coupling values for Mn(II)-MntC and Mn(II)-PsaA of 241 and 236 MHz, respectively, demonstrate a more covalent interaction between Mn(II) and the protein compared to Mn(II) in aqueous solution (≈265 MHz). These studies indicate that MntC and PsaA bind Mn(II) in a similar coordination geometry. Comparison of the ZFS values determined herein with those ascertained for other Mn(II) proteins suggests that the Mn(II)-MntC and Mn(II)-PsaA coordination spheres are not five-coordinate in solution.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 58(20): 13578-13590, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145609

RESUMO

Manganese is an essential metal ion that bacterial pathogens need to acquire from the vertebrate host during infection. In the mammalian nutritional immunity strategy to combat bacterial infection, the host restricts bacterial access to Mn(II) by sequestering this metal nutrient using the protein calprotectin (CP). The role of murine calprotectin (mCP) in Mn(II) sequestration has been demonstrated in vivo, but the molecular basis of this function has not been evaluated. Herein, biochemical assays and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy are employed to characterize the Mn(II) binding properties of mCP. We report that mCP has one high-affinity Mn(II) binding site. This site is a His6 site composed of His17 and His27 of mS100A8 and His92, His97, His105, and His107 of mS100A9. Similar to the human ortholog (hCP), Ca(II) binding to the EF-hand domains of mCP enhances the Mn(II) affinity of the protein; however, this effect requires ≈10-fold more Ca(II) than was previously observed for hCP. Mn(II) coordination to the His6 site also promotes self-association of two mCP heterodimers to form a heterotetramer. Low-temperature X-band EPR spectroscopy revealed a nearly octahedral Mn(II) coordination sphere for the Mn(II)-His6 site characterized by the zero-field splitting parameters D = 525 MHz and E/D = 0.3. Further electron-nuclear double resonance studies with globally 15N-labeled mCP provided hyperfine couplings from the coordinating ε-nitrogen atoms of the His ligands (aiso = 4.3 MHz) as well as the distal δ-nitrogen atoms (aiso = 0.25 MHz). Mn(II) competition assays between mCP and two bacterial Mn(II) solute-binding proteins, staphylococcal MntC and streptococcal PsaA, showed that mCP outcompetes both proteins for Mn(II) under conditions of excess Ca(II). In total, this work provides the first coordination chemistry study of mCP and reveals striking similarities in the Mn(II) coordination sphere as well as notable differences in the Ca(II) sensitivity and oligomerization behavior between hCP and mCP.


Assuntos
Cálcio/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Complexo Antígeno L1 Leucocitário/química , Manganês/química , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Humanos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular
9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(5): 1495-1500, 2019 01 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30651308

RESUMO

The parent compound of high-[Formula: see text] superconducting cuprates is a unique Mott insulator consisting of layers of spin-[Formula: see text] ions forming a square lattice and with a record high in-plane antiferromagnetic coupling. Compounds with similar characteristics have long been searched for without success. Here, we use a combination of experimental and theoretical tools to show that commercial [Formula: see text] is an excellent cuprate analog with remarkably similar electronic parameters to [Formula: see text] but larger buckling of planes. Two-magnon Raman scattering and inelastic neutron scattering reveal a superexchange constant reaching 70% of that of a typical cuprate. We argue that structures that reduce or eliminate the buckling of the [Formula: see text] planes could have an antiferromagnetic coupling that matches or surpasses the cuprates.

10.
Dalton Trans ; 48(18): 5909-5922, 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30638234

RESUMO

Three dimanganese(iii) complexes have been synthesised and fully characterised by standard spectroscopic methods and spectroelectrochemistry. Each MnIII ion is chelated by a salen type ligand (H2L), but there is variation in the bridging group: LMn(OOCCH[double bond, length as m-dash]CHCOO)MnL, LMn(OOCC6H4COO)MnL, and LMn(OOCC6H4C6H4COO)MnL. X-ray diffraction revealed an axial compression of each six-coordinate high-spin d4 MnIII ion, which is a Jahn-Teller-active ion. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility and variable temperature-variable field (VTVH) magnetisation measurements, as well as high-frequency and -field EPR (HFEPR) spectroscopy were used to accurately describe the magnetic properties of the complexes, not only the single-ion spin Hamiltonian parameters: g-values and zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters D and E, but also the exchange interaction constant J between the two ions, which has been seldom determined for a di-MnIII complex, particularly when there is more than a single bridging atom. Quantum chemical calculations reproduced well the electronic and geometric structure of these unusual complexes, and, in particular, their electronic absorption spectra along with the spin Hamiltonian and exchange parameters.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 57(20): 12740-12755, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30277381

RESUMO

Three pentacoordinate complexes of the type [Co( pypz)X2], where pypz is a tridentate ligand 2,6-bis(pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine and X = Cl- (1), NCS- (2), and NCO- (3), have been synthesized, and their structures have been determined by X-ray analysis. The DC magnetic data show a sizable magnetic anisotropy, which was confirmed by high-field high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (HF EPR) measurements. Well-resolved HF EPR spectra of high spin cobalt (II) were observed over the microwave frequency range 100-650 GHz. The experimental spectra of both complexes were simulated with axial g tensor components, a very large positive D value, and different E/ D ratios. To determine the exact D value for 2 (38.4 cm-1) and 3 (40.92 cm-1), the far-infrared magnetic spectroscopy method was used. Knowledge of the zero field splitting parameters and their signs is crucial in interpreting the single-molecule magnet or single chain magnet behavior. The AC susceptibility data confirm that these complexes exhibit a slow magnetic relaxation under small applied DC field with two (1 and 3) or three (2) relaxation modes.

12.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(85): 12045-12048, 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30294742

RESUMO

Oxidation of distorted square-planar perfluoropinacolate Co compound [CoII(pinF)2]2-, 1, to [CoIII(pinF)2]1-, 2, is reported. Rigidly square-planar 2 has an intermediate-spin, S = 1, ground state and very large zero-field splitting (ZFS) with D = 67.2 cm-1; |E| = 18.0 cm-1, (E/D = 0.27), g⊥ = 2.10, g‖ = 2.25 and χTIP = 1950 × 10-6 cm3 mol-1. This Co(iii) species, 2, reacts with ROS to oxidise two (pinF)2- ligands to form tetrahedral [CoII(Hpfa)4]2-, 3.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 57(19): 12384-12397, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30209935

RESUMO

The novel coordination compounds [Cu2(H tBuDea)2(OAc)2] (1) and [Cu2(H nBuDea)2Cl2]· nH2O (2) have been prepared through the reaction of the respective copper(II) salts with N- tert-butyldiethanolamine (H2 tBuDea, for 1) or N-butyldiethanolamine (H2 nBuDea, for 2) in methanol solution. Crystallographic analysis reveals that, in spite of the common binuclear {Cu2(µ-O)2} core, the supramolecular structures of the complexes are drastically different. In 1 binuclear molecules are linked together by H-bonds into 1D chains, while in 2 the neighboring pairs of binuclear molecules are H-bonded, forming tetranuclear aggregates. Variable-temperature (1.8-300 K) magnetic susceptibility measurements of 1 and 2 show a dominant antiferromagnetic behavior. Both complexes are also studied by HF-EPR spectroscopy. While the interaction between Cu(II) centers in 1 can be described by a single coupling constant J = 130.1(3) cm-1 (using H = JS1 S2), the crystallographically different {Cu2(µ-O)2} pairs in 2 are expected exchange from ferro- to antiferromagnetic behavior (with J ranging from -32 to 110 cm-1, according to DFT calculations). Complexes 1 and 2 act as catalysts in the amidation of cyclohexane with benzamide, employing tBuOO tBu as oxidant. The maximum achieved conversion of benzamide (20%, after 24 h reaction time) was observed in the 1/ tBuOO tBu system. In the cases of tBuOO(O)CPh or tBuOOH oxidants, no significant amidation product was observed, while for tBuOO(O)CPh, the oxidative dehydrogenation of cyclohexane occurred, giving cyclohexene, to afford the allylic ester (cyclohex-2-en-1-yl benzoate) as the main reaction product.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 57(15): 9425-9438, 2018 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30015481

RESUMO

The reaction of HOR' (OR' = di-t-butyl-(3,5-diphenylphenyl)methoxide) with an iron(II) amide precursor forms the iron(II) bis(alkoxide) complex Fe(OR')2(THF)2 (2). 2 (5-10 mol %) serves as a catalyst for the conversion of aryl azides into the corresponding azoarenes. The highest yields are observed for aryl azides featuring two ortho substituents; other substitution patterns in the aryl azide precursor lead to moderate or low yields. The reaction of 2 with stoichiometric amounts (2 equiv) of the corresponding aryl azide shows the formation of azoarenes as the only organic products for the bulkier aryl azides (Ar = mesityl, 2,6-diethylphenyl). In contrast, formation of tetrazene complexes Fe(OR')2(ArNNNNAr) (3-6) is observed for the less bulky aryl azides (Ar = phenyl, 4-methylphenyl, 4-methoxyphenyl, 3,5-dimethylphenyl). The electronic structure of selected tetrazene complexes was probed by spectroscopy (field-dependent 57Fe Mössbauer and high-frequency EPR) and density functional theory calculations. These studies revealed that Fe(OR')2(ArNNNNAr) complexes contain high-spin ( S = 5/2) iron(III) centers exchange-coupled to tetrazene radical anions. Tetrazene complexes Fe(OR')2(ArNNNNAr) produce the corresponding azoarenes (ArNNAr) upon heating. Treatment of a tetrazene complex Fe(OR')2(ArNNNNAr) with a different azide (N3Ar') produces all three possible products ArNNAr, ArNNAr', and Ar'NNAr'. These experiments and quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics calculations exploring the reaction mechanism suggest that the tetrazene functionality serves as a masked form of the reactive iron mono(imido) species.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 56(24): 14755-14758, 2017 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29172478

RESUMO

Controlled dimerization of Mn12 single-molecule magnets (SMMs) was achieved via a synthetic route involving a competition between bridging and terminal ligands, namely, diols and alcohols. The reaction using a 1:1 ratio of the competing ligands resulted in the isolation of a new family of covalently linked dimers of Mn12 SMMs. This is the first step toward the controlled growth of SMM oligomeric arrays.

16.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 114(44): E9253-E9260, 2017 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29042516

RESUMO

Despite concerted functional genomic efforts to understand the complex phenotype of ionizing radiation (IR) resistance, a genome sequence cannot predict whether a cell is IR-resistant or not. Instead, we report that absorption-display electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy of nonirradiated cells is highly diagnostic of IR survival and repair efficiency of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) caused by exposure to gamma radiation across archaea, bacteria, and eukaryotes, including fungi and human cells. IR-resistant cells, which are efficient at DSB repair, contain a high cellular content of manganous ions (Mn2+) in high-symmetry (H) antioxidant complexes with small metabolites (e.g., orthophosphate, peptides), which exhibit narrow EPR signals (small zero-field splitting). In contrast, Mn2+ ions in IR-sensitive cells, which are inefficient at DSB repair, exist largely as low-symmetry (L) complexes with substantially broadened spectra seen with enzymes and strongly chelating ligands. The fraction of cellular Mn2+ present as H-complexes (H-Mn2+), as measured by EPR of live, nonirradiated Mn-replete cells, is now the strongest known gauge of biological IR resistance between and within organisms representing all three domains of life: Antioxidant H-Mn2+ complexes, not antioxidant enzymes (e.g., Mn superoxide dismutase), govern IR survival. As the pool of intracellular metabolites needed to form H-Mn2+ complexes depends on the nutritional status of the cell, we conclude that IR resistance is predominantly a metabolic phenomenon. In a cross-kingdom analysis, the vast differences in taxonomic classification, genome size, and radioresistance between cell types studied here support that IR resistance is not controlled by the repertoire of DNA repair and antioxidant enzymes.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Manganês/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Reparo do DNA/fisiologia , Deinococcus/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica/métodos , Raios gama , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Radiação Ionizante , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
17.
Inorg Chem ; 56(12): 6879-6889, 2017 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28586215

RESUMO

The synthesis and properties of a novel hetero-tetranuclear compound [Cr2(bpy)4(µ-O)4Nb2(C2O4)4]·3H2O (1; bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine), investigated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, magnetization measurements, IR, UV/visible spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR; X- and Q-bands and high-field), and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, are reported. Crystal structure of 1 (orthorhombic Pcab space group) consists of a square-shaped macrocyclic {Cr2(µ-O)4Nb2} core in which CrIII and NbV ions are alternately bridged by oxo ions and three uncoordinated water molecules. The intramolecular CrIII···CrIII distances through the -O-NbV-O- bridges are 7.410(2) and 7.419(2) Å, while diagonal separation is 5.406(2) Å. The temperature dependence of magnetization M(T) evidences an anti-ferromagnetic ground state, which originates from a magnetic interaction between two CrIII ions of spin 3/2 through two triatomic -O-NbV-O- diamagnetic bridges. A spin Hamiltonian appropriate for polynuclear isolated magnetic units was used. The best-fitting curve for this model is obtained with the parameters gCr = 1.992(3), J = -12.77(5) cm-1, and |D| = 0.17(4) cm-1. The CrIII···CrIII dimer model is confirmed by EPR spectra, which exhibit a pronounced change of their shape around the temperature corresponding to the intradimer coupling J. The EPR spectra simulations and DFT calculations reveal the presence of a single-ion anisotropy that is close to being uniaxial, D = -0.31 cm-1 and E = 0.024 cm-1.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 56(12): 6999-7009, 2017 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28556666

RESUMO

The reaction of Co(CH3COO)2·4H2O with the Schiff base ligand LH4 derived from o-vanillin and tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane produces the dinuclear mixed-valence complex [CoIICoIII(LH2)2(CH3COO)(H2O)](H2O)3 (1), which has been investigated using IR spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography, temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility, magnetization, HFEPR spectroscopy, and ac susceptibility measurements at various frequencies, temperatures, and external magnetic fields. The structure of 1 consists of neutral molecules in which two cobalt ions with distorted octahedral geometries, CoIIO6 and CoIIIN2O4, are bridged by two deprotonated -CH2O- groups of the two LH22- ligands. 1 completes a series with Cl, Br, NO3, and NCS anions published before by different authors. Low-temperature HFEPR measurements reveal that the ground electronic state of the Co(II) center in 1 is a highly anisotropic Kramers doublet; the effective g values of 7.18, 2.97, and 1.96 are frequency-independent over the frequency ranges 200-630, 200-406, and 200-300 GHz for the highest, intermediate, and lowest geff values, respectively. The two lower values were not seen at higher frequencies because the magnetic field was not high enough. Temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility and field-dependent magnetization data confirm high magnetic anisotropy of the easy axis type. Complex 1 behaves as a single-ion magnet under a small applied external field and demonstrates two relaxation modes that strongly depend on the applied static dc field. The observation of multiple relaxation pathways clearly distinguishes 1 from the Cl and Br analogues.

19.
Inorg Chem ; 56(8): 4752-4769, 2017 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28379707

RESUMO

High-oxidation-state metal complexes with multiply bonded ligands are of great interest for both their reactivity as well as their fundamental bonding properties. This paper reports a combined spectroscopic and theoretical investigation into the effect of the apical multiply bonded ligand on the spin-state preferences of threefold symmetric iron(IV) complexes with tris(carbene) donor ligands. Specifically, singlet (S = 0) nitrido [{PhB(ImR)3}FeN], R = tBu (1), Mes (mesityl, 2) and the related triplet (S = 1) imido complexes, [{PhB(ImR)3}Fe(NR')]+, R = Mes, R' = 1-adamantyl (3), tBu (4), were investigated by electronic absorption and Mössbauer effect spectroscopies. For comparison, two other Fe(IV) nitrido complexes, [(TIMENAr)FeN]+ (TIMENAr = tris[2-(3-aryl-imidazol-2-ylidene)ethyl]amine; Ar = Xyl (xylyl), Mes), were investigated by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, including applied-field measurements. The paramagnetic imido complexes 3 and 4 were also studied by magnetic susceptibility measurements (for 3) and paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy: high-frequency and -field electron paramagnetic resonance (for 3 and 4) and frequency-domain Fourier-transform (FD-FT) terahertz electron paramagnetic resonance (for 3), which reveal their zero-field splitting parameters. Experimentally correlated theoretical studies comprising ligand-field theory and quantum chemical theory, the latter including both density functional theory and ab initio methods, reveal the key role played by the Fe 3dz2 (a1) orbital in these systems: the nature of its interaction with the nitrido or imido ligand dictates the spin-state preference of the complex. The ability to tune the spin state through the energy and nature of a single orbital has general relevance to the factors controlling spin states in complexes with applicability as single molecule devices.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 56(5): 2884-2901, 2017 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28218526

RESUMO

A series of monochloride-bridged, dinuclear metallacycles of the general formula [M2(µ-Cl)(µ-L)2](ClO4)3 have been prepared using the third-generation, ditopic bis(pyrazolyl)methane ligands L = m-bis[bis(1-pyrazolyl)methyl]benzene (Lm), M = Cu(II), Zn(II), and L = m-bis[bis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)methyl]benzene (Lm*), M = Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II). These complexes were synthesized from the direct reactions of M(ClO4)2·6H2O, MCl2, and the ligand, Lm or Lm*, in the appropriate stoichiometric amounts. Three analogous complexes of the formula [M2(µ-Cl)(µ-L)2](BF4)3, L = Lm, M = Cu(II), and L = Lm*, M = Co(II), Cu(II), were prepared from the reaction of [M2(µ-F)(µ-L)2](BF4)3 and (CH3)3SiCl. The bromide-bridged complex [Cu2(µ-Br)(µ-Lm*)2](ClO4)3 was prepared by the first method. Three acyclic complexes, [Co2(µ-Lm)µ-Cl4], [Co2(µ-Lm*)Cl4], and [Co2(µ-Lm*)Br4], were also prepared. The structures of all [M2(µ-X)(µ-L)2]3+ (X = Cl-, Br-) complexes have two ditopic bis(pyrazolyl)methane ligands bridging two metals in a metallacyclic arrangement. The fifth coordination site of the distorted trigonal bipyramidal metal centers is filled by a bridging halide ligand that has an unusual linear or nearly linear M-X-M angle. The NMR spectra of [Zn2(µ-Cl)(µ-Lm*)2](ClO4)3 and especially [Cd2(µ-Cl)(µ-Lm*)2](ClO4)3 demonstrate that the metallacycle structure is maintained in solution. Solid state magnetic susceptibility data for the copper(II) compounds show very strong antiferromagnetic exchange interactions, with -J values of 536 cm-1 for [Cu2(µ-Cl)(µ-Lm)2](ClO4)3·xCH3CN, 720 cm-1 for [Cu2(µ-Cl)(µ-Lm*)2](ClO4)3, and 945 cm-1 for [Cu2(µ-Br)(µ-Lm*)2](ClO4)3·2CH3CN. Smaller but still substantial antiferromagnetic interactions are observed with other first row transition metals, with -J values of 98 cm-1 for [Ni2(µ-Cl)(µ-Lm*)2](ClO4)3, 55 cm-1 for [Co2(µ-Cl)(µ-Lm*)2](ClO4)3, and 34 cm-1 for [Fe2(µ-Cl)(µ-Lm*)2](ClO4)3. EPR spectra of [Cu2(µ-Cl)(µ-Lm*)2](BF4)3 confirm the dz2 ground state of copper(II). In addition, the sign of the zero-field splitting parameter D was determined to be positive for [Cu2(µ-F)(µ-Lm*)2](BF4)3. Electronic spectra of the copper(II) complexes as well as Mössbauer spectra of the iron(II) complexes were also studied in relation with the EPR spectra and magnetic properties, respectively. Density functional theory calculations were performed using ORCA, and exchange integral values were obtained that parallel but are slightly higher than the experimental values by about 30%.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA