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1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5653-5662, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Factors influencing fulvestrant efficacy may be useful in selecting the optimal treatment regimen for postmenopausal Japanese women with metastatic/recurrent HR-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated progression-free and overall survival (PFS and OS) in 100 fulvestrant-treated patients according to metastatic site. RESULTS: Median PFS was significantly better in patients with non-visceral (bone and regional metastases; 22.8 months) vs. visceral metastasis (lung, liver, and other organs; 8.2 months; p=0.024), although median OS did not differ (p=0.922). Median PFS in patients with lung metastasis (20.8 months) and non-visceral metastasis (22.8 months) were comparable; patients with liver metastasis (6.1 months) and other organ metastases (3.7 months) had worse prognoses. CONCLUSION: Patients with non-visceral metastases had a better prognosis than those with visceral metastases. Fulvestrant induced a longer PFS in patients with non-visceral metastasis, and also in those with lung metastasis without liver or other organ involvement.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Fulvestranto/uso terapêutico , Metástase Neoplásica/prevenção & controle , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Breast Cancer ; 26(6): 738-747, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31098866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic significance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) has been established in breast cancers with estrogen receptor (ER)-negative and human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative or HER2-positive subtypes; however, its utility concerning the ER + /HER2 - subtype remains unclear. METHODS: We evaluated the prognostic value of TILs by analyzing 717 invasive breast cancer operation cases. TILs were classified into three groups based on the proportion of area within the tumor: low ( < 10%), intermediate (10-50%), and high ( > 50%). Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated according to TIL levels. RESULTS: Although there was no significant association between TIL levels and DFS or OS in all patients, high TILs were significantly associated with favorable DFS in Ki67-high (n = 238, p = 0.035) but not in Ki67-low (n = 470, p = 0.46) breast cancers. Multivariable analysis showed that high TILs were a significant and independent factor for DFS (HR 0.34; 95% CI 0.10-0.87; p = 0.023) among the Ki67-high group. In the ER + /HER2 - subtype, high-TILs showed favorable DFS in the Ki67-high group, although this was not statistically significant (p = 0.48); in contrast, unfavorable DFS was observed in the Ki67-low group (p = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS: In Ki67-high breast cancers, high TILs were associated with favorable DFS, irrespective of subtype, but increasing TIL levels correlated with worse DFS in the Ki67-low group with the ER + /HER2 - subtype. These results highlight variation in TIL prognostic significance between Ki67-high and -low breast cancers, particularly for the ER + /HER2 - subtype.

3.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(7): 2175-2183, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30941655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The usefulness of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography for evaluating the treatment efficacy of breast cancers is well-established; however, the predictive values of parameters such as metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) remain unknown. METHODS: This study examined 199 breast cancers treated with primary systemic chemotherapy (PSC) followed by operation, and determined the values of maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), peak SUV (SUVpeak), mean SUV (SUVmean), MTV, and TLG at baseline. Among these cases, data on early changes in these metabolic parameters in 70 breast cancers were also assessed. RESULTS: A pathological complete response (pCR) was achieved in 64 breast cancers. Breast cancers with low MTV at baseline had a significantly higher pCR rate than breast cancers with high MTV (47.9% vs. 23.4%; p = 0.0005). High reduction rates (∆) of SUVmax (p = 0.0001), SUVpeak (p = 0.0001), and SUVmean (p < 0.0001) resulted in an increased pCR compared with those for low ∆. The pCR rate was highest for the combination of low MTV and high ∆SUVmean (86.7%), and lowest for high MTV and low ∆SUVmean (15.4%); the remaining combinations were intermediate (58.6%; p < 0.0001). The combination of low MTV at baseline and high ∆SUVmean was a significant and independent predictor for pCR (odds ratio 28.63; 95% confidence interval 1.94-422.42; p = 0.0146) in multivariable analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Low levels of MTV at baseline and a high reduction of SUVmean after PSC was significantly associated with pCR. These findings suggest the usefulness of these metabolic parameters for predicting the treatment efficacy of breast cancers.

4.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 1811, 2019 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755651

RESUMO

The efficacy of trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is prolonged for some patients; however, the predictive factors remain unknown. We focused on a peripheral blood biomarker, the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), regarding T-DM1 treatment efficacy. Fifty-three advanced or metastatic breast cancers treated with T-DM1 were retrospectively recruited from three institutes. The NLR in the peripheral blood was measured at baseline and after one cycle. The cutoff value of the NLR was set at median value 2.56. The progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with NLR-low at baseline (n = 26; median, not reached) was significantly better than that of patients with NLR-high (n = 27; median, 4.13 months; hazard ratio [HR], 0.226; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.112-0.493; p = 0.0001). Longer overall survival was significantly associated with a low NLR (HR, 0.384; 95% CI, 0.170-0.910; p = 0.0296). In the subgroup analysis, patients with NLR-low consistently had longer PFS compared to those with NLR-high irrespective of the number of prior chemotherapy regimens, prior trastuzumab, visceral metastasis, estrogen receptor status, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) score. Although detailed mechanisms remain unknown, treatment efficacy of T-DM1 may be partly mediated by activation of the immune system. Low baseline NLR appears to be beneficial for treatment with T-DM1 in HER2-positive breast cancers.

5.
J Surg Oncol ; 118(1): 228-237, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29936704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To identify surrogate markers for prognosis of breast cancer patients with non-pathological complete response (non-pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), our investigation focused on the serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen (CA15-3) as well as clinicopathological factors both before and after NAC. METHODS: A total of 185 breast cancer patients treated with NAC were recruited. Serum carcinoembryonic antigen and CA15-3 were measured at baseline and at completion of NAC. RESULTS: Among the non-pCR cancers (n = 142), the disease-free survival (DFS) of patients with CA15-3-low at baseline (3-year DFS: 0.908, n = 73) was significantly better than of those with CA15-3-high (3-year DFS: 0.681, n = 69, P = .0134). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that baseline CA15-3 levels (hazard ratio: 3.31, 95% confidence interval: 1.28-10.23; P = .0122) and residual invasive size (hazard ratio: 4.47, 1.26-28.39; P = .0171) were significant independent factors for DFS. The combination of these factors proved to be an accurate predictor for DFS regardless of breast cancer subtypes. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of residual invasive size and serum CA15-3 levels at baseline seems to be a significant and independent surrogate marker of poor outcome for patients with non-pCR. These findings suggest that these markers may be useful for identifying patients with inferior prognosis and candidates for additional adjuvant treatments.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Mucina-1/sangue , Antraciclinas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/biossíntese , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Prognóstico , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem
6.
Clin Breast Cancer ; 18(5): 400-409, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29605174

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although eribulin and nab-paclitaxel are chemotherapy agents widely used for locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC), their predictive factors remain unknown. Because the absolute neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a significant prognostic factor for early-stage breast cancer, we investigated its usefulness in terms of the eribulin or nab-paclitaxel treatment efficacy for MBC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 85 patients with MBC treated with eribulin (n = 59) or nab-paclitaxel (n = 26) were recruited. NLR values were collected at baseline, after 1 cycle, after 2 cycles, and at the end of treatment. The NLR cutoff value was set at 3. RESULTS: The progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with an NLR < 3 at baseline (median, 242 days; n = 24) was significantly better than that of patients with an NLR of ≥ 3 (median, 98 days; n = 35; hazard ratio, 0.37, 95% confidence interval, 0.18-0.71; P = .0032). Similarly, the overall survival was marginally significantly better in patients with an NLR < 3 who were treated with eribulin (P = .058). However, the NLR was not significantly associated with PFS or overall survival for patients treated with nab-paclitaxel. No significant association was found between the NLR during treatment and PFS in the eribulin group. The significance of the NLR for the efficacy of eribulin was consistent, irrespective of estrogen receptor status, previous anthracycline or endocrine use, and the number of previous chemotherapy regimens. CONCLUSION: A low NLR at baseline was significantly associated with improved PFS in patients treated with eribulin but not in those treated with nab-paclitaxel. Therefore, the baseline NLR might be clinically useful for selecting patients who would benefit from eribulin.

7.
Breast Cancer ; 24(2): 245-253, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27040403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone-modifying agents are effective for treatment of breast cancer patients with bone metastases. Since their action is mediated through suppression of the osteoclast function, their efficacy can be determined by monitoring bone turnover markers. However, the clinical significance of these markers is yet to be compared. METHODS: For this study, 52 breast cancer patients with bone metastases treated with zoledronic acid (n = 36) or denosumab (n = 22) were enrolled (6 patients were treated sequentially with both agents). Serum tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-5b (TRACP-5b), pyridinoline cross-linked carboxyterminal telopeptide of type I collagen (1CTP), N-terminal cross-linking telopeptides of type I collagen (NTX) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) were measured at pretreatment and 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment. RESULTS: Serum TRACP-5b (p < 0.0001), NTX (p = 0.0007) and BAP (p = 0.0032) decreased significantly after treatment. The baseline median value of TRACP-5b (457.5 mU/dL, range 173-1630 mU/dL) decreased to 137 mU/dL (91-795 mU/dL) 1 month after treatment. Reduction in serum NTX and BAP was greatest after 3 and 6 months, respectively. TRACP-5b, NTX and BAP were above normal levels at baseline in 62.5, 25 and 35.3 % of patients, respectively, and nearly 80 % of these patients attained normal levels during the treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Although bone-modifying agents reduced the baseline levels of TRACP-5b, NTX and BAP significantly, the reduction patterns differed. TRACP-5b appears to affect levels most quickly and sensitively, possibly due to its direct link to the number and activity of osteoclasts. These findings suggest that the efficacy of TRACP-5b is clinically significant when considering which bone-modifying agents to use for breast cancer patients with bone metastases.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Remodelação Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação Óssea/fisiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Colágeno Tipo I/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeos/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento , Ácido Zoledrônico
8.
Breast ; 30: 5-12, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27569020

RESUMO

Adjuvant treatments for operable breast cancers are determined according to subtypes defined based on estrogen receptor (ER) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status. The ER+/HER2- subtype can be divided into luminal A and luminal B usually by Ki67 expression levels. Although tumor size, lymph node metastasis and tumor grade have been widely accepted in daily clinical practice, the identification of further prognostic indicators especially in the ER+/HER2- subtype is warranted. A total of 387 operated breast cancers for which maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) on the 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) were available at baseline were retrospectively analyzed. The optimal cutoff value of SUVmax for relapse-free survival (RFS) was determined to be 3.585 by means of the receiver operating characteristics curve with an area under the curve of 0.6795 (95% CI: 0.5972 to 0.7618, p = 0.0006, sensitivity: 78.8%, specificity: 57.1%). The RFS of patients with SUVmax-high (n = 178) was significantly (p = 0.0003) worse compared with those with SUVmax-low (n = 209). This significant association was prominently recognized in the ER+/HER2- subtype. By multivariable analysis, SUVmax (hazard ratio: 3.83, 95% confidence interval: 1.28-11.51, p = 0.017), tumor size (4.22, 1.39-12.82, p = 0.011) and lymph node metastasis (4.44, 1.81-10.87, p = 0.0012) were significant and independent prognostic factors for RFS. The ER+/HER2- subtype demonstrated consistently worse RFS in the SUVmax-high patients both in the luminal A (p = 0.037) and luminal B (p = 0.047) subtypes. Combination of Ki67 and SUVmax appears to be useful for selecting patients who have inferior prognosis and need further adjuvant treatment of the ER+/HER2- subtype.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Lobular/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/terapia , Carcinoma Lobular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Lobular/patologia , Carcinoma Lobular/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/agonistas , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico , Carga Tumoral
9.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 154(3): 521-31, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26573829

RESUMO

It is speculated that adjuvant use of bisphosphonate reduces recurrence in breast cancer patients through suppression of bone resorption. To determine the prognostic impact of bone resorption markers, we investigated serum levels of the pyridinoline crosslinked carboxyterminal telopeptide of type I collagen (1CTP) and N-terminal crosslinking telopeptides of type I collagen (NTX). 1CTP and NTX were measured at baseline (before operation or neoadjuvant therapies) and afterward in 469 patients operated on breast cancer. The optimal cutoff value of 1CTP for relapse-free survival (RFS) was set at 3.6 ng/ml with an area under the receiver operating characteristics curve of 0.641 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.560-0.721; p = 0.0011]. However, we were unable to determine a significant cutoff value for NTX. RFS was significantly worse for 1CTP-high patients with than for those with low levels of 1CTP (p = 0.0002). Multivariate analysis with tumor size, lymph node metastasis, and nuclear grade showed that 1CTP was a significant independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio = 2.04, 95% CI = 1.13-3.68; p = 0.018). Worse prognosis for the subset with high 1CTP levels applied only to postmenopausal patients (p = 0.0002). RFS of 130 patients whose 1CTP changed from low at baseline to high at 6 months postoperatively showed RFS almost as poor as that for patients with high 1CTP throughout. These findings suggest that 1CTP may be useful not only for identifying patients with unfavorable prognosis, but also for selecting patients who may benefit from administration of bone-modifying agents in an adjuvant setting.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Colágeno Tipo I/sangue , Peptídeos/sangue , Fosfopeptídeos/sangue , Pró-Colágeno/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Pós-Menopausa , Prognóstico
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