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1.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(9)2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35566962

RESUMO

This work evaluated the fracture toughness of the low-temperature carbonized elastomer-based composites filled with shungite and short carbon fibers. The effects of the carbonization temperature and filler content on the critical stress intensity factor (K1c) were examined. The K1c parameter was obtained using three-point bending tests for specimens with different l/b ratio (notch depth to sample thickness) ranging from 0.2 to 0.4. Reliable detection of the initiation and propagation of cracks was achieved using an acoustic sensor was attached to the samples during the bending test. The critical stress intensity factor was found to decrease linearly with increasing carbonization temperature. As the temperature increased from 280 to 380 °C, the K1c parameter was drastically reduced from about 5 to 1 MPa·m1/2 and was associated with intense outgassing during the carbonization step that resulted in sample porosity. The carbon fiber addition led to some incremental toughening; however, it reduced the statistical dispersion of the K1c values.

2.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35564268

RESUMO

This paper is devoted to studying the composite material of the aluminum-alumina-carbon nanofiber (CNF) system. The paper considers in detail the process of preparation of the specified composite by ball milling, as well as the process of synthesis of a solid object (coating) by the cold spray method. The synthesized objects were studied using optical and electron microscopy, and the hardness of objects of various compositions was measured. The processes of interaction of composite particles are discussed in detail. The influence of CNF on the distribution of particles in a solid object and on the hardness of objects has been considered and discussed.

3.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(13)2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208840

RESUMO

Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) of Cu-0.5Cr was carried out using recycled powder taken out from the LPBF machine after previous printing. Various volumetric defects characterized the powder wherein particle size distribution was the same as virgin powder. Using recycled powder resulted in extra spherical pore formation after the LPBF process. Despite that, a relative density of 99.2% was achieved by LPBF parameters optimization. Solidified microstructure with a small volume of defects consisted of an oversaturated dendritic Cu matrix and nano-sized Cr precipitations providing strengthening mechanism occurrence. The possibility of a satisfactory level of mechanical properties with σ0.2 = 136.8 MPa, UTS = 187.4 MPa, along with 15.5% of elongation achieving, was shown.

4.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(10)2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070193

RESUMO

Aluminum matrix composites (AMC) are of great interest and importance as high-performance materials with enhanced mechanical properties. Al2O3 is a commonly used reinforcement in AMCs fabricated by means of various technological methods, including casting and sintering. Selective laser melting (SLM) is a suitable modern method of the fabrication of net-shape fully dense parts from AMC with alumina. The main results, achievements, and difficulties of SLM applied to AMCs with alumina are discussed in this review and compared with conventional methods. It was shown that the initial powder preparation, namely the particle size distribution, sphericity, and thorough mixing, affected the final microstructure and properties of SLMed materials drastically. The distribution of reinforcing particles tends to consolidate the near-melting pool-edges process because of pushing by the liquid-solid interface during the solidification process that is a common problem of various fabrication methods. The achievement of an homogeneous distribution was shown to be possible through both the thorough mixing of the initial powders and the precise optimization of SLM parameters. The strength of the AMCs fabricated by the SLM method was relatively low compared with materials produced by conventional methods, while for superior relative densities of more than 99%, hardness and tribological properties were obtained, making SLM a promising method for the Al-based matrix composites with Al2O3.

5.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(9)2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34578704

RESUMO

The study is devoted to X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF) features of micro- and nanosized powder mixtures of copper and nickel. XRF is a high accuracy method that allows for both qualitative and quantitative analysis. However, the XRF measurement error due to the size of the studied particles is not usually taken into account, which limits the use of the method in some cases, such as analysis of Ni-Cu mixtures and coatings. In this paper, a method for obtaining copper and nickel nanoparticles was investigated, and the XRF of powder compositions was considered in detail. The initial micro- and nanoparticles of copper and nickel were studied in detail using SEM, TEM, XRD, and EDX. Based on experimental data, calibration curves for copper-nickel powder compositions of various sizes were developed. According to the results, it was experimentally established that the calibration curves constructed for nanoscale and microscale powders differ significantly. The presented approach can be expanded for other metals and particle sizes.

6.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(20)2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096781

RESUMO

In this study, the mechanism of nickel nanoparticle formation from its hydroxide was analyzed. Metallic nickel nanoparticles were obtained through the hydroxide's reduction under hydrogen. Nickel hydroxides were produced from nickel (II) nitrate hexahydrate and NaOH by deposition under various initial conditions. The influence of washing treatment on the dispersion of obtained nickel powders was studied. The washing procedure of precipitates was carried out by centrifugation, ultrasonic treatment, and decantation. X-ray diffractometry, transmission electron microscopy, low-temperature nitrogen adsorption, infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy methods were used for nanoparticle characterization. Based on the resulting data, a model of the Ni(OH)2 aggregate structure after deposition was proposed. The number of nickel hydroxide particles required to form one nickel nanoparticle was estimated, and a model of its formation was proposed.

7.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(23)2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795094

RESUMO

A method of alumina production based on hydrochloric acid processing of kaolin clays from the East Siberian deposits was studied. Hydrochloric acid leaching was carried out at 160 °C. The leaching solution was subjected to a two-stage crystallization of aluminum chloride hexahydrate (ACH). The precipitated crystals were calcinated in air at a temperature above 800 °C to produce alumina. The main part of water and chlorine during thermal decomposition of ACH was removed at 400 °C. The influence of temperature and duration of ACH calcination on the residual chlorine content in alumina was studied. The optimal temperature of ACH calcination was 900 °C with a duration of 90 min. It was shown that the increase in calcination temperature contributed to the decrease in chlorine content in the final product. However, an increase in calcination temperature above 900 °C led to the transition of the well-soluble γ-Al2O3 phase to the insoluble α-Al2O3, which negatively affected the further electrolysis of aluminum. The size of alumina particles was not affected by the calcination mode. The rate of dissolution of the prototype Al2O3 in Na3AlF6 was higher than for the alumina obtained by the classical method. Alumina content, particle morphology, and particle size distribution for the obtained alumina were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and laser diffraction methods. The obtained alumina is suitable for aluminum production according to the studied characteristics.

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