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1.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e057, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578800

RESUMO

Poor oral hygiene seems to be the norm in children and teenagers with Down Syndrome (DS). Advances in design and types of toothbrushes may improve biofilm control. This randomized, single-blind, crossover clinical trial evaluated the effectiveness of electric toothbrushes regarding mechanical control of biofilm in children and teenagers with DS and their cooperation. Twenty-nine participants with DS, aged 6 to 14 years, used both types of toothbrushes: electric (ET) and manual (MT). The order of use of the different types of toothbrushes was randomly defined, including a 7-day period with each type with 7-day washout period in between. The Turesky-Quigley-Hein biofilm index was used before and after brushing to assess the effectiveness of the technique. Frankl's behavioral scale was used during toothbrushing to assess the participants' cooperation. Paired T-test, Mann Whitney, Chi-square, and Fisher's Exact tests were applied, with a significance level of 5%. The quantity of dental biofilm was significantly reduced after both brushing techniques (p < 0.001). However, no significant difference was found in total biofilm (ET: 0.73 ± 0.36; MT: 0.73 ± 0.34; p = 0.985) or % biofilm reduction (ET: 72.22%; MT: 70.96%; p = 0.762) after brushing between techniques or in % biofilm reduction between toothbrushes of age groups (6 -9 years, p = 0.919; 10-14 years, p = 0.671). Participants showed similar cooperation level with the two types of toothbrush (p = 1.000). The use of electric or manual toothbrush had no effect on the quantity of dental biofilm removed in children and teenagers with DS, nor did it influence their cooperation during the procedure.


Assuntos
Biofilmes , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Síndrome de Down/fisiopatologia , Escovação Dentária/instrumentação , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Cuidadores , Criança , Comportamento Infantil , Estudos Cross-Over , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e057, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132713

RESUMO

Abstract Poor oral hygiene seems to be the norm in children and teenagers with Down Syndrome (DS). Advances in design and types of toothbrushes may improve biofilm control. This randomized, single-blind, crossover clinical trial evaluated the effectiveness of electric toothbrushes regarding mechanical control of biofilm in children and teenagers with DS and their cooperation. Twenty-nine participants with DS, aged 6 to 14 years, used both types of toothbrushes: electric (ET) and manual (MT). The order of use of the different types of toothbrushes was randomly defined, including a 7-day period with each type with 7-day washout period in between. The Turesky-Quigley-Hein biofilm index was used before and after brushing to assess the effectiveness of the technique. Frankl's behavioral scale was used during toothbrushing to assess the participants' cooperation. Paired T-test, Mann Whitney, Chi-square, and Fisher's Exact tests were applied, with a significance level of 5%. The quantity of dental biofilm was significantly reduced after both brushing techniques (p < 0.001). However, no significant difference was found in total biofilm (ET: 0.73 ± 0.36; MT: 0.73 ± 0.34; p = 0.985) or % biofilm reduction (ET: 72.22%; MT: 70.96%; p = 0.762) after brushing between techniques or in % biofilm reduction between toothbrushes of age groups (6 -9 years, p = 0.919; 10-14 years, p = 0.671). Participants showed similar cooperation level with the two types of toothbrush (p = 1.000). The use of electric or manual toothbrush had no effect on the quantity of dental biofilm removed in children and teenagers with DS, nor did it influence their cooperation during the procedure.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1091645

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To measure the heart rate (HR) and the behavior of children and teenagers with Down Syndrome (DS) during the dental appointment. Material and Methods: Two groups (n = 52), of both genders, aged 2-14 years, matched by age group were formed: study group (SG) - individuals with DS and control group (CG) - normotypical school children. The participants were submitted to clinical examination and prophylaxis. An oximeter was used to measure the HR at five moments of the dental consultation: before entering the practice room (T0), when sitting in the dental chair (T1), during the clinical examination (T2), during prophylaxis (T3) and immediately after prophylaxis (T4). Behavior, classified according to the Frankl Scale, was observed at T3. Mann Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn and Pearson's Chi-square tests were used to analyze and compare variables (significance level at 5%). Results: In SG, a significant difference in HR was observed according to the moment of dental appointment (p<0.001 SG; 0.3385 CG). The highest HR value in SG was observed at T3 (median 110.00; IIQ 96.00-124.00), the only moment significantly different (p<0.001) from HR values for CG. A difference in behavior between groups (p<0.001) was also observed. Conclusion: HR of individuals with DS varied throughout the dental appointment, and they also had a higher prevalence of uncooperative behavior.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1056889

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To measure the heart rate (HR) and the behavior of children and teenagers with Down Syndrome (DS) during the dental appointment. Material and Methods: Two groups (n = 52), of both genders, aged 2-14 years, matched by age group were formed: study group (SG) - individuals with DS and control group (CG) - normotypical school children. The participants were submitted to clinical examination and prophylaxis. An oximeter was used to measure the HR at five moments of the dental consultation: before entering the practice room (T0), when sitting in the dental chair (T1), during the clinical examination (T2), during prophylaxis (T3) and immediately after prophylaxis (T4). Behavior, classified according to the Frankl Scale, was observed at T3. Mann Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn and Pearson's Chi-square tests were used to analyze and compare variables (significance level at 5%). Results: In SG, a significant difference in HR was observed according to the moment of dental appointment (p<0.001 SG; 0.3385 CG). The highest HR value in SG was observed at T3 (median 110.00; IIQ 96.00-124.00), the only moment significantly different (p<0.001) from HR values for CG. A difference in behavior between groups (p<0.001) was also observed. Conclusion: HR of individuals with DS varied throughout the dental appointment, and they also had a higher prevalence of uncooperative behavior.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Sintomas Comportamentais/psicologia , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Síndrome de Down , Consultórios Odontológicos , Frequência Cardíaca , Monitorização Fisiológica , Agendamento de Consultas , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Brasil/epidemiologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Transversais , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
5.
J Clin Periodontol ; 46(4): 448-456, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30825378

RESUMO

AIM: To measure the prevalence of dentin hypersensitivity (DH) in adolescents. METHODS: The diagnosis was based on self-report and was confirmed by tactile and evaporative tests. The association between DH and predictor factors was determined using a multivariate model. The sample consisted of 384 adolescents. RESULTS: The prevalence was 19.0%. DH prevalence to tactile stimulus was higher in those participants whose toothbrush movement was vertical/horizontal (OR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.47-0.60, p < 0.001), in the presence of dental biofilm (OR = 2.45, 95% CI = 1.94-3.09, p < 0.001), of non-carious cervical lesion (OR = 2.76, 95% CI = 2.40-3.18, p < 0.001), of gingival recession (OR = 1.63, 95% CI = 1.44-1.86, p < 0.001) and gyroversion (OR = 1.60, 95% CI = 1.40-1.82; p < 0.001). When DH was diagnosed by evaporative stimulus, there was an association with brush movement in a vertical/horizontal direction (OR = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.66-0.82, p < 0.001), with the use of mouthwash solutions (OR = 2.65, 95% CI = 2.16-3.25, p < 0.001), in the presence of non-carious cervical lesion (OR = 1.75, 95% CI = 1.57-1.96, p < 0.001), of gyroversion (OR = 1.75, 95% CI = 1.51-1.90, p < 0.001) and gingival recession (OR = 1.78, 95% CI = 1.59-1.99, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of DH in the sample was worrying, since almost 1 in 5 adolescents had DH. Individuals with DH were more likely to report traumatic dental brushing, and presence of dental biofilm, non-carious cervical lesion, gingival recession and gyroversion in the affected teeth.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Retração Gengival , Adolescente , Brasil , Humanos , Prevalência , Escovação Dentária
6.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 20(1)30/05/2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-909233

RESUMO

Transtorno do Espectro Autista (TEA) é um espectro de transtornos do desenvolvimento neurológico que afeta o desenvolvimento e funcionamento do cérebro, por mecanismos ainda desconhecidos. A prevalência estimada para TEA é de um a dois para cada mil nascidos vivos e estes indivíduos apresentam limitações físicas e psicológicas que incluem atrasos no desenvolvimento da linguagem, dificuldades de comunicação e interação social, comportamentos restritos e repetitivos e muitos podem ter deficiência intelectual. Supõe-se que a saúde bucal de indivíduos com TEA é precária, em parte por suas limitações e pouca destreza manual para realização de cuidados em saúde, bem como pelo maior consumo de alimentos com adição de açúcar e retenção prolongada do bolo alimentar na cavidade bucal, que são observados nesta população. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar uma revisão da literatura sobre as condições de saúde bucal de indivíduos autistas. Para o desenvolvimento da presente revisão de literatura foram realizadas buscas nas bases de dados MedLine/PubMed, Scopus e SciELO. Os artigos foram selecionados segundo descritores relacionados com saúde bucal e transtorno do espectro autista. Menor prevalência de cárie em indivíduos com TEA é relatada na maioria dos estudos, porém, observa-se a necessidade de estudos longitudinais que possam avaliar incidência e fatores associados com cárie dentária nesta população. Estudos sugerem que indivíduos autistas tenham pior condição periodontal, havendo uma lacuna sobre as condições associadas a essa maior prevalência. Embora com um número limitado de estudos, indivíduos autistas parecem não serem mais propensos a traumatismos dentários. (AU).


Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders that affect the brain development and functioning, by still unknown mechanisms. The estimated prevalence for ASD is one to two per thousand live births and these individuals present physical and psychological limitations that include delays in language development, difficulties in social interaction, communication and restricted and repetitive behaviors, and many may have intellectual disabilities. It is assumed that the oral health of ASD individuals is precarious, in part because of their limitations and little manual dexterity to perform health care, as well as the high consumption of foods with added sugar and prolonged retention of the food bolus in the oral cavity, which are observed in this population. The aim of this article is to present a review of the literature about the oral health conditions of autistic individuals. For the development of the present literature review, the MedLine / PubMed, Scopus and SciELO databases were searched. The articles were selected according to descriptors related to oral health and autism spectrum disorder. Lower caries prevalence in ASD individuals is reported in most of the studies, however, it is observed the need for longitudinal studies that can assess incidence and factors associated with dental caries in this population. Studies suggest that autistic individuals have worse periodontal conditions, and there is a lack of conditions associated with this higher prevalence. Despite the limited number of studies, autistic individuals do not appear to be more prone to dental trauma. (AU).

7.
Braz. dent. sci ; 21(3): 288-295, 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-911256

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the 6-month clinical performance of class I occlusal composite resin restorations through a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, clinical trial. Material and Methods: Two hundred and eighty class I occlusal restorations were performed in 70 patients (aged between 17 to 50 years). The restorations were divided into four groups: G1 (Filtek P60/3M ESPE); G2 (Rok/SDI); G3 (Filtek™ P90/3M ESPE); G4 (Evolux/Dentsply). Two pre-calibrated dental practitioners performed and evaluated the restorative procedures regarding to color match, marginal discoloration, recurrent caries, wear (anatomic form) and marginal integrity according to the USPHS criteria. Results: In 85.8% of the evaluated restorations was observed the ideal score (A) for color match; 91.4% for marginal discoloration; 100% for recurrent caries; 87.7% for wear (anatomic form) and 99.3% for marginal integrity. Conclusion: The composite resins used in this study presented satisfactory and similar clinical performance in a 6-month clinical evaluation. (AU)


Objetivos: Avaliar através de um ensaio clínico randomizado duplo-cego e multicêntrico o desempenho clínico de restaurações classe I oclusais realizadas em dentes posteriores. Material e Métodos: Foram realizadas duzentas e oitenta restaurações em 70 pacientes dos gêneros masculino e feminino (entre 17 e 50 anos). As restaurações foram divididas em 4 grupos: G1 (Filtek P60/3M ESPE); G2 ( Rok/SDI); G3 Filtek TM P90/3M ESPE); G4 (Evolux/Dentsply). Dois operadores précalibrados avaliaram os procedimentos restauradores em relação a reprodução da cor, descoloração marginal, incidência de cárie, desgaste e integridade marginal de acordo com os critérios da USPHS. Resultados: De um total de restaurações avaliadas, 85,8% receberam score ideal (A) para reprodução da cor; 91,4% para descoloração marginal; 100% para incidência de cárie; 87,7% para contorno e 99,3% para integridade marginal. Conclusão: Os materiais empregados neste estudo apresentaram desempenho clínico satisfatório e semelhante após avaliação clínica de 06 meses. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dente Pré-Molar , Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Odontologia , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe I , Dente Molar , Ensaio Clínico Controlado Aleatório
8.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 65(3): 216-222, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-896020

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the impact of hospitalization on the periodontal status of patients admitted to a private hospital. Methods A sample of 41 patients answered a questionnaire on oral hygiene habits before and after hospitalization. An examiner measured the Periodontal Screening and Recording ratio (PSR) within 24 hours after hospitalization (T0), after five (T1) and after ten days of hospital admission (T2). Results 47 patients were examined at T0, 37 at T1 and 21 at T2. Between T0 and T1, the periodontal condition of 32.4% of patients worsened (p = 0.001). The score of ten patients changed from PSR = 0 to PSR = 1 and the score of two changed from PSR = 1 to PSR = 2, after 5 days of hospitalization. At T2, 38% of patients had deteriorated (p = 0.005) with 4 developing gingival bleeding and 4 presenting calculus. 19% of patients (p=0.046) declined between T1 and T2, and 4 patients presented calculus. None of the patients received any guidance on oral hygiene by hospital staff. Conclusion The periodontal condition of hospitalized patients deteriorated over the course of the stay in hospital and, consequently, there was an increased need for treatment. This draws attention to the importance of oral hygiene care in hospital.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o impacto da internação hospitalar sobre a condição periodontal de pacientes em um hospital privado. Métodos A amostra de 41 pacientes respondeu questionário sobre hábitos de higiene bucal antes e após a internação. Um examinador mensurou o índice Periodontal Screening and Recording (PSR) no início, cinco e dez dias a partir da admissão hospitalar. Resultados Nenhum paciente recebeu orientação sobre higiene bucal por profissionais do hospital. Após 5 dias do exame inicial, 58,8% dos pacientes sadios apresentaram sangramento à sondagem e 16,7% dos pacientes com sangramento apresentaram cálculo dental; e 10 dias depois, 70,0% dos pacientes sadios apresentaram sangramento gengival e 57,1% daqueles que já tinham sangramento gengival apresentaram cálculo dental. Houve um aumento das necessidades de tratamento. Conclusão A condição periodontal de pacientes internados agravou-se com o decorrer do tempo de internação e, consequentemente, houve um aumento da necessidade de tratamento. Isso desperta a atenção para a importância dos cuidados de higiene bucal no hospital.

9.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 11(1): 107-112, abr. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-841025

RESUMO

The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the root dentin demineralization caused by a microcosm biofilm model that has been exposed to sucrose in different ways. Materials and Methods: Saliva of two volunteers was inoculated into an artificial medium for biofilm growth and dentin blocks were immersed into these media. Dentin specimens were randomly exposed to one of the five experimental conditions: C (control group - no saliva inoculum or sucrose), 0S (saliva inoculum without sucrose, negative control), 3S (three daily one-minute immersions in 20 % sucrose), 6S (six daily one-minute immersions in 20 % sucrose), and CS (continuously immersed in 5 % sucrose). After five days, biofilm was collected to determine the concentration of intracellular and extracellular polysaccharides and the dentin surface hardness loss (SHL) was measured. The experiment was carried out in triplicate. Results: The dentin SHL was higher in groups that were exposed to sucrose (3S, 6S and CS) and there was a statistically significant difference between all groups (p<0.001). CS had higher concentrations of polysaccharides (p>0.001) and there was no statistically significant difference between the other groups (0S, 3S and 6S) (p>0.005). Conclusion: The microcosm biofilm model developed has the potential to produce root dentin demineralization at different exposures to sucrose.


El objetivo de esta investigación in vitro fue evaluar la desmineralización de la dentina radicular causada por un modelo de biofilm microcosmo que fue expuesto de diferentes maneras a la sacarosa. La saliva de dos voluntarios fue colocada en un medio artificial para crecimiento del biofilm y los bloques de dentina fueron sumergidos en estos medios. Al aza rlos bloques fueron expuestos a una de las cinco condiciones experimentales: C (grupo control ­ sin inoculación de saliva o sacarosa), 0S (inoculación de saliva sin sacarosa, control negativo), 3S (tres inmersiones diarias de un minuto en sacarosa a 20 %), 6S (seis inmersiones diarias de un minuto en sacarosa a 20 %), y CS (sumergidos continuamente en 5 % de sacarosa). Después de cinco días, el biofilm fue recogido para determinar la concentración de polisacáridos intracelulares y extracelulares y fue medida la pérdida de dureza superficial de la dentina (SHL). El experimento se repitió en tres ocasiones. La dentina SHL era mayor en los grupos que fueron expuestos a la sacarosa (3S, 6S E CS) y hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre todos los grupos (P<0,001). CS presentó mayor concentración de polisacáridos (p<0,001) y no hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los demás grupos (0S, 3S E 6S) (p>0,005). El modelo del biofilm desarrollado tiene potencial para producir desmineralización de la dentina radicular en diferentes exposiciones a la sacarosa.


Assuntos
Humanos , Cariogênicos/farmacologia , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Sacarose/farmacologia , Desmineralização do Dente , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas In Vitro , Polissacarídeos/análise , Saliva/química
10.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 16(2): 31-35, Abr.-Jun. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-844711

RESUMO

A fístula oronasal (FON) consiste na principal sequela pós-cirúrgica da palatoplastia podendo levar a problemas funcionais, como a fala hipernasal e regurgitação de alimentos pelo nariz. Essa condição compromete o resultado do tratamento da fissura labiopalatina, e seu reparo torna-se um desafio para a equipe multidisciplinar. Este trabalho relata três casos de pacientes com fissura lábio-palatina que apresentaram FON após palatoplastia. Nos casos, foram diagnosticadas FON tipo VII (alveolar na região labial), provocadas pela tensão muscular excessiva sobre a sutura após palatoplastia. O tratamento consistiu em uma cirurgia para fechamento da fístula através da técnica de retalho mucoperiosteal, realizada por um cirurgião bucomaxilofacial. É essencial um planejamento cirúrgico adequado a fim de promover o melhor prognóstico para o paciente, visando a uma melhor qualidade de vida.


The oronasal fistula (ONF) is the main postoperative sequel of palatoplasty and can leads to functional problems such as hypernasality of voice and regurgitation of food through the nose. This condition affects the outcome of treatment of cleft palate and is challenging for the multidisciplinary team. This paper reports three cases of patients with cleft lip and palate who presented ONF after palatoplasty. In these cases, type VII ONF (alveolar in the labial region) were diagnosed, and were caused by excessive muscle tension on the suture after palatoplasty. The treatment consisted of a surgery for closure of the fistula through the mucoperiosteal flap, which was carried out performed by a maxillofacial surgeon. It is essential an appropriate surgical planning in order to promote better prognosis for the patient aiming better quality of life.

11.
Spec Care Dentist ; 36(5): 260-4, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27114111

RESUMO

The objective was to evaluate the history of traumatic dental injury (TDI) among children with and without autism spectrum disorders (ASD) at the Centro Integrado de Educação Especial (CIES), in Teresina, Brazil. The dental records of 228 children, 114 with ASD (SG = study group) and 114 without ASD (CG = control group), paired by age, gender and socioeconomic characteristics between January 2007 and September 2014 were reviewed. Data were analyzed using chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression (alpha = 5.0%). Dental trauma in SG was lower than in the CG (24.6% and 41.2%, respectively, p = 0.007). The risk of trauma was lower among males in SG (OR: 0.35; 95%CI: 0.18 to 0.67). The likelihood of TDI in SG was 3.17 higher in females than that of males (p = 0.040). The prevalence of TDI was lower in ASD individuals compared to controls. Dental trauma was higher among ASD girls than ASD boys.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Dentários/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 44(4): 213-217, jul.-ago. 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-755985

RESUMO

AbstractIntroduction

The presence of dental caries is the main reason for the placement and replacement of restorations. Maintaining restorations to a satisfactory clinical condition is a challenge, despite the evolution of materials and surgical operative techniques.

Objective

To investigate the survival time and technical-operatory characteristics of dental restorations among adults in Teresina-PI.

Material and method

Data collection was carried out from September 2009 to January 2010 at a non-profit dental service. Data were collected at the moment of restoration replacement. The sample consisted of 262 defective restorations in 139 individuals. Survival time was calculated using the placement date that was registered on the individual’s dental form. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were used to compare the survival time of the different types of restorations and the chi-square test was used to assess the association between qualitative variables, at a 5% significance level.

Result

The median survival time of the restorations was 2 years. The survival time for amalgam was higher than for composite and glass ionomer cement (p=0.004). The most replaced dental material was the composite (66.4%). The majority of the replaced restorations had been placed in anterior teeth, in proximal surfaces.

Conclusion

Amalgam restorations have a longer survival time than composite resin. Technical and operatory variables had no influence on the survival time of restorations. Dental restorations have a low survival time and this fact might be associated with the decion-making process that is adopted by the professionals.

.

ResumoIntrodução

A cárie dentária é o principal motivo para a instalação e troca de restaurações. A preservação destas em condição clínica satisfatória é um desafio, apesar da evolução dos materiais e técnicas cirúrgico-operatórias.

Objetivo

Investigar o tempo de sobrevida e características técnico-operatórias das restaurações dentárias diretas de adultos em Teresina, Piauí.

Material e método

A coleta de dados ocorreu de setembro de 2009 a janeiro de 2010, em clínicas de tratamento odontológico sem fins lucrativos. Os dados técnicos e operatórios do preparo cavitário e da restauração foram coletados no momento da substituição. A sobrevida foi calculada a partir da data de instalação que constava no prontuário. Os dados foram registrados em um formulário criado com esse fim. Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney foram empregados para comparar a sobrevida dos diferentes tipos de restaurações e o teste qui-quadrado para associações entre variáveis qualitativas, ambos com nível de significância de 5%.

Resultado

As 262 substituições de restaurações deficientes estavam em 139 pacientes. A mediana de sobrevida das restaurações foi 2 anos. As restaurações de amálgama tiveram sobrevivência maior que as de resina composta (p=0,004). O material restaurador mais substituído foi resina composta (66,4%). A maioria das restaurações localizava-se em dentes anteriores e em preparos proximais.

Conclusão

As restaurações de amálgama teve sobrevida maior que as de resina composta. As variáveis técnico-operacionais não influenciaram na taxa de substituições. As restaurações diretas possuem reduzido tempo de sobrevida o que pode estar associada à filosofia adotada pelo serviço para o tratamento fornecido.

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13.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 63(1): 13-18, Jan-Mar/2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-749823

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the cost of oral hygiene products in Teresina, Piauí, on the Brazilian minimum salary (MS) over the period of two years. METHODS: The writer of this study visited 12 businesses from five geographical areas of the city during four consecutive months in 2011 and 2013 to collect the prices of toothbrushes, toothpaste, dental floss and mouth rinse solutions of different brands. The prices were used to calculate the monthly expense that one individual would have if they consumed the ideal quantity of the products, as recommended by the dental literature. Brazil's MS at the time of the study was used as a parameter to calculate the impact of the cost of the items on the family budget. RESULTS: The mean monthly cost per individual was R$ 17.93 in 2011 (2.88% of the MS) and R$ 24.92 in 2013 (3.67% of the MS). There was an increase of 38.9 % in the mean price of products and the impact on the MS increased by 27.43 % during the study period. CONCLUSION: The impact of the cost of the oral care items was high on the Brazilian MS for the studied region. Dentists should be aware that the cost of these products can be an obstacle for their patients. .


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto do custo dos produtos de higiene oral em Teresina, Piaúi sobre a o salário mínimo brasileiro ao longo de dois anos de observação. MÉTODOS: Doze estabelecimentos comerciais nas zonas geográficas do município foram visitados em quarto meses consecutivos em 2011 e 2013 para coletar o preço de escovas dentais, dentifrícios, fios dentais e antissépticos bucais de diferentes marcas. Para o cálculo do consumo mensal, considerou-se que os produtos foram consumidos em quantidade ideal para o uso. Para o impacto do custo dos itens, o salário mínimo brasileiro na época do estudo foi usado como parâmetro. RESULTADOS: O custo mensal médio por indivíduo seria de R$17,93 em 2011 (2,88% do salário mínimo) e R$24,92 em 2013 (3,67% do salário mínimo). CONCLUSÃO: Houve aumento de 38,9% no preço dos produtos e o impacto sobre o SM aumentou em 27,43% no período do estudo. Os cirurgiões-dentistas devem estar bem informados sobre o custo desses produtos ao prescrevê-los a seus pacientes. .

14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-6, 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-777203

RESUMO

This study aims to compare the in vivo effect of a desensitizing therapy associated with a restorative technique for the treatment of cervical dentin hypersensitivity (CDH) in non-carious lesions. The sample consisted of 68 teeth with moderate or severe dentin hypersensitivity in 17 individuals (one tooth per quadrant). The sensitivity levels of the teeth were scored, and the teeth were randomly distributed into four groups: T1 – desensitizing gel applied once per week until remission of pain; T2 – desensitizing gel applied once per week followed immediately by restoration with resin composite (Filtek Z250, 3M Espe); T3 – desensitizing gel once per week until remission of pain and then restoration with resin composite; and T4 - restoration with resin composite. Dentin hypersensitivity was assessed at 0, 7, 30, 90 and 180 days. The Kruskal-Wallis, Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney (p< 0.05) tests were used to compare the treatments. The mean baseline CDH scores were T1 - 2.41, T2 - 2.41, T3 - 2.47, and T4 - 2.70 (p > 0.05). At seven and 180 days, the mean CDH scores were as follows: T1 - 1.47/0.65, T2 - 1.35/0.71, T3 - 0.71/0.53, and T4 - 1.12/0.59, all of which were significantly lower (p< 0.001) than the baseline scores. The scores at 30, 90 and 180 days were not significantly different when compared to the score of the previous period. At 180 days, CDH scores were similar among groups (p> 0.05). Teeth with moderate or severe hypersensitivity that required a filling responded similarly regardless of whether the desensitizing procedure was carried out prior to the filling.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/tratamento farmacológico , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Método Simples-Cego , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Desgaste dos Dentes , Odontalgia/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Rev. ABENO ; 15(1): 63-69, 2015.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-879422

RESUMO

Este relato de experiência faz uma reflexão acerca da importância da extensão universitária para consolidação das mudanças nos conceitos de atenção à saúde dos pacientes com necessidades especiais. O projeto de extensão "Promoção de Saúde Bucal para Pacientes Especiais- PROSBE" ocorre no Centro Integrado de Educação Especial (CIES ­ Teresina/Piauí), promovendo capacitação para professores e responsáveis sobre a importância da promoção de saúde bucal, através de práticas de uma equipe multidisciplinar. Ações educativas podem desenvolver competência e estímulo aos responsáveis pelos pacientes e propiciar aos estudantes segurança e familiaridade no atendimento aos pacientes especiais. O PROSBE favorece o convívio entre os profissionais e o binômio aluno/professor universitário, propiciando pesquisas e uma relação social de impacto entre a Universidade e a sociedade. Além disso, este trabalho enaltece a indissociabilidade ensinopesquisa-extensão que reafirma a extensão como processo acadêmico de formação e de geração de conhecimentos (AU).


This experience report is on the undergraduate extension projects and their importance for the consolidation of the concept changes in oral health care of patients with special needs. The extension project PROSBE (Project of Oral Health Promotion for Special Needs Patients) takes place at the Integrated Center for Special Education (CIES) and educates caregivers on the importance of the oral health promotion, through the practice of a multidisciplinary team. Educational actions can develop competences and stimulate those responsible for the patients and undergraduate students to create confidence and familiarity in the treatment of special needs patients. Projects of this nature favor the work between professionals and the double student/professor, propitiating researches and a social relationship of impact between the University and society. Furthermore, this study emphasizes the importance of the triad teaching-research-extension, based on which the Brazilian university system is currently working. University extension is an academic process of professional formation and generation of knowledge (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Pessoas com Deficiência , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Promoção da Saúde , Brasil
16.
Spec Care Dentist ; 34(6): 291-4, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25353658

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: West syndrome (WS) is a rare age-related syndrome of epilepsy. The oral manifestations of WS are still unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess the oral health status and oral findings of a sample of WS children being treated at a specialized referral center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The dental record forms of 528 children were searched at this center. Eight of the children had been diagnosed with WS. RESULTS: The ages of those with WS ranged from 6 months to 13 years, and 62% of them were male. All of them were taking antiepileptic medication. Twenty-five percent of them had tongue interposition between the dental arches and a deep palate. The mean DMFT was .25 and dmft was 1.12. CONCLUSION: Patients with WS seem to have low caries experience, can have a deep palate, and may have their tongue positioned between the arches or on the incisive papilla.


Assuntos
Espasmos Infantis/fisiopatologia , Dente , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Saúde Bucal
17.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 43(4): 245-251, July-Aug/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-714862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of probable sleep or awake bruxism and cervical dentin hypersensitivity of undergraduate students and to determine the symptoms associated with these conditions. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional study. A diagnosis of probable bruxism was reached when students reported clenching or grinding of the teeth during sleep and/or wakefulness, and when they also presented some of the signs and symptoms of bruxism and masseter muscle pain on palpation. Cervical dentinal hypersensitivity was diagnosed by testing for sensitivity to pain in the cervical region of the teeth. Pain was triggered either by touch (using a #5 probe) or by an air jet spray. The sample consisted of 306 university students aged between 19 and 35 years old. The data were stored and analysed using SPSS software, version 15.0 for Windows. RESULT: The prevalence of probable bruxism was 34.3%, with no predominance regarding sex. Probable awake bruxism was more prevalent (61.9%), mostly occurring when the individual reported being in a state of mental concentration (63.1%). There was no association between probable sleep or awake bruxism and dentin hypersensitivity (p = 0.195). Individuals with probable sleep bruxism had increased odds of having muscular pain in the face upon waking (OR = 14.14, 95% CI 5.06-39.55), and those with probable awake bruxism had a increased odds of having facial muscle fatigue when chewing or talking for a long time (OR = 2.88, 95% CI 1.53-5.43) and muscular pain in the face upon waking (OR = 5.31, 95% CI 1.93-14.62). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of probable bruxism was 34.3% and that of HDC was 57.8%, with 22.2% of these subjects also showing probable bruxism. Individuals with probable bruxism tended to have a higher odds of facial pain when they awakened and when chewing or talking for long periods. There were no associations between probable sleep and awake bruxism and cervical dentin hypersensitivity. .


OBJETIVO: Mensurar a prevalência de provável bruxismo do sono e em vigília e de hiperestesia dentinária cervical de estudantes universitários e verificar os sintomas a eles associados. METODOLOGIA: Este é um estudo transversal, cujo diagnóstico de provável bruxismo foi realizado pelo relato dos estudantes em ranger e/ou apertar os dentes durante o sono e em vigília combinado com o diagnóstico clínico de desgaste dentário e dor da musculatura do masseter à palpação. O diagnóstico de hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical foi realizado por testes de sensibilidade ao toque com sonda exploradora e a jato de ar da seringa tríplice. A amostra consistiu de 306 universitários entre 19 a 35 anos. Os dados foram armazenados e analisados no programa SPSS v.15.0 for Windows. RESULTADO: A prevalência de provável bruxismo foi de 34,3%, não havendo predominância entre os gêneros. O provável bruxismo em vigília foi o mais predominante (61,9%), ocorrendo principalmente quando o indivíduo estava em estado de concentração (63,1%). Não houve uma associação entre provável bruxismo do sono e em vigília e hiperestesia dentinária (p=0,195). Os indivíduos com provável bruxismo do sono possuíram maior chance de acordar com dor nos músculos da face (OR=14,14, IC95% 5,06-39,55) e com provável bruxismo em vigília maior chance de cansaço muscular facial ao mastigar ou falar por muito tempo (OR=2,88, IC95% 1,53-5,43) e dor nos músculos da face ao acordar (OR=5,31, IC95% 1,93-14,62). CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência de provável bruxismo foi 34,3% e de HDC 57,8%, com 22,2% destes também apresentando provável bruxismo, mas sem associação estatística. Indivíduos com provável bruxismo tendem a ter maior ...

18.
Rev. bras. pesqui. saúde ; 16(2): 30-38, abr.-jun.2014.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-783338

RESUMO

Pacientes hospitalizados costumam negligenciar a higienização da cavidade bucal. Quanto maior o tempo de internação, maior é o acúmulo de biofilme, o que pode levar à doença periodontal e agravar a condição sistêmica. Objetivo: Investigar a existência de associação entre o tempo de internação hospitalar e o estado de saúde bucal de pacientes em um hospital privado. Métodos: A amostra de 131 pacientes respondeu questionário sobre hábitos de higiene bucal antes da e após a internação. Um examinador mensurou o índice CPI no início, cinco e dez dias depois do início do estudo. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: I – Pacientes cujo exame inicial não aconteceu no primeiro dia de internação (N=84) e II – Pacientes cujo exame inicial aconteceu no primeiro dia de internação (N=47). Resultados: Nenhum paciente recebeu orientação sobre higiene bucal por profissionais do hospital. Houve alteração do CPI nos pacientes dos grupos I e II. No Grupo I, após cinco dias, 14,3% dos pacientes sadios desenvolveram doença periodontal e, após 10 dias, já não havia pacientes sadios. No grupo II, 5 dias depois do exame inicial, 58,8% dos pacientes sadios apresentaram sangramento à sondagem e 16,7% dos pacientes com sangramento apresentaram cálculo dental; e 10 dias depois, 70,0% dos pacientes sadios apresentaram sangramento gengival e 57,1% daqueles que já tinham sangramento gengival apresentaram cálculo dental. Conclusão: O estado de saúde bucal de pacientes internados agravou-se com o decorrer do tempo de internação. Esse fato deveria despertar a atenção para a importância dos cuidados de higiene bucal no hospital...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Hospitalização , Integralidade em Saúde , Tempo de Internação , Higiene Bucal
19.
Spec Care Dentist ; 33(6): 262-8, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24164223

RESUMO

The objective was to assess the oral health status, the treatment needed, and the type of dental health services access of intellectually disabled (ID) subjects in Teresina, Brazil. The sample consisted of 103 ID subjects matriculated in centers for special needs people and 103 siblings. Results were analyzed using paired t-test, chi-square test, and odds ratio. ID subjects had fair (63.1%; p < .001) and their siblings had a good oral hygiene (n = 103 [55.3%]; p < .005). ID had more decayed (3.52; p < .005), and missing teeth (1.17; p = .001), fewer dental restorations (1.67; p = .012) and had a greater need for tooth extraction (21.4%; p = .002) than their siblings. Thirty percent of ID subjects had never received dental treatment and had difficulty accessing public health services. Their treatment needs were, therefore, higher than non-ID subjects. The access to oral health services was unsatisfactory, thus it is important to implement educational and health promotion inclusion policies for people with ID.


Assuntos
Deficiência Intelectual/fisiopatologia , Saúde Bucal , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
20.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 42(3): 152-159, maio-jun. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-678416

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: A doença periodontal pode ter seu início na infância e na adolescência, e progredir lentamente ao longo da vida. Em universitários, a forma mais comum e prevalente da doença é a gengivite. OBJETIVO: Mensurar a condição de saúde periodontal de uma amostra de universitários e verificar existência da associação com variáveis sociodemográficas e os fatores de risco envolvidos. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: A amostra consistiu de 306 universitários voluntários, com idade entre 19 e 35 anos, sendo usados como indicadores de saúde bucal os índices: Índice Periodontal Comunitário (CPI) e Índice de Dentes Cariados, Perdidos e Obturados (CPO-D). Para processamento e análise dos dados, foi usado o programa SPSS versão 18.0. A classificação da condição periodontal foi dicotomizada em CPI < 3 e CPI > 3. Realizou-se regressão logística bivariada e multivariada para analisar a associação entre a condição periodontal e as variáveis independentes. RESULTADO: A amostra consistiu de 51,3% de mulheres e 48,7% de homens, tendo a maioria renda menor do que 6 salários mínimos. Observou-se que 14,4% da amostra era livre de cárie. A pior condição periodontal foi encontrada no sextante 6 e 20,9% da amostra apresentou bolsas rasas em ao menos um sextante. Houve associação entre a condição periodontal e as variáveis: gênero, renda, nível de higiene bucal e uso do fio dental (p < 0,05); entretanto, não houve associação entre aquela e o CPO-D da amostra (p = 0,48). CONCLUSÃO: A amostra apresentou leve condição de doença periodontal, com ausência de bolsas periodontais profundas. Indivíduos do gênero feminino, de renda acima de 4 salários, com bom nível de higiene bucal e que usam o fio dental tiveram melhor condição de saúde periodontal.


INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease may have its onset during childhood and adolescence and slowly progress throughout life. In undergraduate students, the most common and prevalent form the disease is gingivitis. OBJECTIVE: To assess the periodontal health status of a sample of undergraduate studentsand assess a possible association between the disease and socio-demographic variables, as well as the disease's risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The sample consisted of 306 undergraduate students volunteers aged between 19 and 35 years. The oral health indices used were the CPI and DMFT. Data processing and statistical analysis was performed using SPSS® version 18.0 for Windows. The classification of periodontal status was dichotomized in CPI<3 and CPI>3. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to evaluate the association between periodontal status and the independent variables. RESULT: The sample consisted of 51.3% female and 48.7% male, mostly with income less than 6 Brazilian minimum salaries. 14.4% of the sample was caries free. The worst periodontal status was in sextant #6 and 20.9% had shallow periodontal pockets in one sextant at least. There was an association between periodontal health status and gender, income, level of oral hygiene and flossing (p <0.05), but not between that and DMFT sample (p = 0.48). CONCLUSION: The sample showed mild periodontal disease condition, with no deep pockets. Female subjects, who earn more than 4 minimum salaries, with a good level of oral hygiene and who use dental floss had better periodontal health.

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