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1.
Am J Perinatol ; 36(11): 1097-1105, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30822800

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of perioperative multimodal pain management in reducing opioid use after elective cesarean delivery (CD). STUDY DESIGN: A single-center, double-blinded, placebo-controlled randomized trial of women undergoing elective CD. Participants were allocated 1:1 to receive the multimodal protocol or matching placebos. The multimodal protocol consisted of a preoperative dose of intravenous acetaminophen, preincision injection of subcutaneous bupivacaine, and intraoperative injection of intramuscular ketorolac. Primary outcome was total opioid intake at 48 hours postoperatively. Secondary outcomes were pain scores, time to first opioid intake, neonatal outcomes, and total outpatient opioid intake on postoperative day (POD) 7. Data were analyzed using parametric and nonparametric tests and quantile regression as appropriate. RESULTS: A total of 242 women were screened with 120 randomized, 60 to the multimodal group and 60 to control group. There was no significant difference in the primary outcome of opioid use nor in the secondary outcomes. Smokers and patients with a history of drug use had higher median postoperative opiate use and earlier administration. On POD 7, only 40% of prescribed opioids had been used, and there was no difference between the groups. CONCLUSION: This perioperative multimodal pain regimen did not reduce opioid use in 48 hours after CD. Patients who smoke or with a history of drug use required more opioids in the postoperative period. Providers significantly overprescribed opioids after CD.

2.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 35(5): 871-877, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29508122

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim was to study the association between embryonal mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content and embryo quality and implantation outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed with data collected from a private IVF center database. The study population included female infertility patients with ages ranging from 31 to 38 years old, and the main outcome measures were embryo quality and transfer outcomes. RESULTS: From a total of 1510 blastocyst biopsies, the majority of embryos consisted of grade 1 (High), followed by grade 2 (mid), and grade 3 (poor). Embryos with higher mtDNA content were found to be of poorer quality (grade 3) relative to grades 1 and 2 (P = 0.003). Using a logistic model, mtDNA best predicted lowest and highest grades, but not mid-grade embryos. There was no correlation between mtDNA content and the subjects' age (R2 = 0.0018). In an analysis of only euploid embryos (N = 717), there was no longer an association between mtDNA content and embryo quality (P = 0.834). There was no difference in mtDNA content between groups of embryos that did and did not implant (P = 0.53). There was also no association noted between mtDNA content and ongoing pregnancy. Compared to day 6, day 5 blastocysts contain significantly higher amounts of mtDNA (P = 0.0005), lower rates of aneuploidy (P < 0.001), and were more likely to be high-quality blastocysts (grade 1) (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Although the mtDNA content shows some association to the morphologic grade of an embryo, this association does not persist in an analysis of only euploid embryos. Mitochondrial DNA content also does not appear to be associated with implantation or ongoing pregnancy. Day 5 blastocysts have significantly higher mtDNA content compared to day 6 blastocysts.


Assuntos
Blastocisto/fisiologia , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Implantação do Embrião/genética , Transferência Embrionária , Adulto , Aneuploidia , DNA Mitocondrial/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/genética , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Aust Fam Physician ; 42(11): 798-9, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24217101

RESUMO

A previously well woman, 44 years of age, presented with 3 years of recurrent bilateral renal colic. Despite an increase in fluid intake and a low calcium diet, the intermittent episodes of renal colic continued and had become more frequent in the last year. An abdominal X-ray was performed, which showed some radio-opaque areas on both renal silhouettes (see Figure 1). Two stones in the right pelvic ureter were also seen following administration of contrast. No obstruction of the urinary tract was evident. Urinalysis revealed leukocyturia, a pH of 6.5 and specific gravity of 1.015. Blood testing showed hypercalcaemia of 2.96 mmol/L and hypophosphataemia of 0.71 mmol/L.


Assuntos
Nefrocalcinose/diagnóstico , Cólica Renal/diagnóstico , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Nefrocalcinose/complicações , Radiografia Abdominal , Recidiva , Cólica Renal/etiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
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