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2.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(8): e009413, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a fast and radical transformation in social, economic, and healthcare networks. COVID-19 outbreak may thus have profound indirect consequences on clinical presentation and management of patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Aim of this study was to assess clinical features of patients with STEMI during COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This single-center, prospective study from a regional public service healthcare hub in Milan included all consecutive patients with STEMI admitted to our institute from February 21 to April 1, 2020 (during COVID-19 pandemic). These patients were compared with a historical cohort of patients admitted for STEMI during the analogous time period (February 21 to April 1) in 2018 and 2019, in terms of time from symptoms onset to hospital admission, clinical characteristics, and in-hospital outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 26 patients were admitted for STEMI during the study period, and 7 (26.9%) of these patients tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. On admission, medical therapy, including angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers use, was similar between cohorts. Median (interquartile range) time from symptoms onset to hospital admission was significantly longer in 2020 as compared to the historical cohort (15.0 [2.0-48.0] versus 2.0 [1.0-3.0] hours; P<0.01). A higher proportion of patients presenting with late presentation STEMI was observed in 2020 compared with the historical cohort (50.0% versus 4.8%; P<0.01). Primary percutaneous coronary intervention resulted indicated in 80.8% of patients in 2020 compared with 100% in the historical cohort (P=0.06). In-hospital death, thromboembolism, mechanical ventilation, or hemodynamic decompensation needing inotropic or mechanical support were similar between years. CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary results from a cardiovascular regional public service healthcare hub demonstrate a significantly longer time from symptoms onset to hospital admission among patients with STEMI during COVID-19 pandemic compared with the same time period in the previous 2 years.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Prática de Saúde Pública , Sistema de Registros , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações
4.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 13(8): 1792-1808, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762885

RESUMO

The severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 outbreak has rapidly reached pandemic proportions and has become a major threat to global health. Although the predominant clinical feature of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an acute respiratory syndrome of varying severity, ranging from mild symptomatic interstitial pneumonia to acute respiratory distress syndrome, the cardiovascular system can be involved in several ways. As many as 40% of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 have histories of cardiovascular disease, and current estimates report a proportion of myocardial injury in patients with COVID-19 of up to 12%. Multiple pathways have been suggested to explain this finding and the related clinical scenarios, encompassing local and systemic inflammatory responses and oxygen supply-demand imbalance. From a clinical point of view, cardiac involvement during COVID-19 may present a wide spectrum of severity, ranging from subclinical myocardial injury to well-defined clinical entities (myocarditis, myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, and heart failure), whose incidence and prognostic implications are currently largely unknown because of a significant lack of imaging data. Integrated heart and lung multimodality imaging plays a central role in different clinical settings and is essential in the diagnosis, risk stratification, and management of patients with COVID-19. The aims of this review are to summarize imaging-oriented pathophysiological mechanisms of lung and cardiac involvement in COVID-19 and to provide a guide for integrated imaging assessment in these patients.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Saúde Global , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
5.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(7): e008714, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32646304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large data comparing the performance of new-generation self-expandable versus balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valves in bicuspid aortic stenosis are lacking. We aim to compare the safety and performance of balloon-expandable and self-expandable transcatheter heart valves in the treatment of bicuspid aortic stenosis. METHODS: The BEAT (balloon versus self-expandable valve for the treatment of bicuspid aortic valve stenosis) registry included 353 consecutive patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation using new-generation Evolut R/PRO or Sapien 3 valves in bicuspid aortic valve. RESULTS: A total of 353 patients (n=242 [68.6%] treated with Sapien 3 and n=111 [68.6%] treated with Evolut R (n=70)/PRO [n=41]) were included. Mean age was 77.8±8.3 years and mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality was 4.4±3.3%. Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 device success was similar between Sapien 3 and Evolut R/PRO (85.6% versus 87.2%; P=0.68). In the Sapien 3 group, 4 patients experienced annular rupture whereas this complication did not occur in the Evolut R/PRO group. After propensity score matching, Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 device success was similar between both groups (Sapien 3=85.7% versus Evolut R/Pro=84.4%; P=0.821). Both in the overall and in the matched population, no differences in the rate of permanent pacemaker implant were observed. At 1-year follow-up, the rate of overall death and cardiovascular death were similar between the 2 groups. In the unmatched population, the 1-year echocardiographic follow-up demonstrated similar rate of moderate-to-severe paravalvular aortic regurgitation (Evolut R/PRO 10.5% versus Sapien 3 4.2%, P=0.077); however, after propensity matching, the rate of moderate-to-severe paravalvular leak became significantly higher among patients treated with self-expandable valves (9.3% versus 0%; P=0.043). CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms the feasibility of both Sapien 3 and Evolut R/PRO implantation in bicuspid aortic valve anatomy; a higher rate of moderate-severe paravalvular aortic regurgitation was observed in the Evolut R/PRO group at 1-year follow-up in the matched cohort, although patients treated with balloon-expandable valve had a higher rate of annular rupture.

6.
Heart ; 106(17): 1324-1331, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence, characteristics and prognostic value of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) in hospitalised, non-intensive care unit (ICU) patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: This single-centre, observational, cross-sectional study included 211 patients with COVID-19 admitted to non-ICU departments who underwent a single transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). Patients with poor acoustic window (n=11) were excluded. Clinical, imaging, laboratory and TTE findings were compared in patients with versus without PH (estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure >35 mm Hg) and with versus without RVD (tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion <17 mm or S wave <9.5 cm/s). The primary endpoint was in-hospital death or ICU admission. RESULTS: A total of 200 patients were included in the final analysis (median age 62 (IQR 52-74) years, 65.5% men). The prevalence of PH and RVD was 12.0% (24/200) and 14.5% (29/200), respectively. Patients with PH were older and had a higher burden of pre-existing cardiac comorbidities and signs of more severe severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection (radiological lung involvement, laboratory findings and oxygenation status) compared with those without PH. Conversely, patients with RVD had a higher burden of pre-existing cardiac comorbidities but no evidence of more severe SARS-CoV-2 infection compared with those without RVD. The presence of PH was associated with a higher rate of in-hospital death or ICU admission (41.7 vs 8.5%, p<0.001), while the presence of RVD was not (17.2 vs 11.7%, p=0.404). CONCLUSIONS: Among hospitalised non-ICU patients with COVID-19, PH (and not RVD) was associated with signs of more severe COVID-19 and with worse in-hospital clinical outcome. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04318366.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Disfunção Ventricular Direita , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Correlação de Dados , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Prevalência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia
7.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(7): 860-868, 2020 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32273098

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the feasibility of complete cerebral protection during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with a novel embolic protection device. BACKGROUND: Evidences and data about new cerebral embolic protection devices are lacking and scarce. METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter, first-in-man pilot study designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of cerebral embolic protection utilizing the Emblok embolic protection system (Innovative Cardiovascular Solutions, Grand Rapids, Michigan) during TAVR. The Emblok is a transfemoral aortic filter that provide full coverage of the epiaortic vessels. Brain diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) was performed at baseline and 2 to 5 days after TAVR. Primary endpoints were technical success and immediate cerebral embolic burden after TAVR, defined as number and volume of new brain lesions detected with DW-MRI at days 2 to 5 post-TAVR compared with baseline. RESULTS: A total of 20 subjects were enrolled. The Emblok system was successfully positioned in all the cases. At 30-day follow-up, no major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events occurred. Nineteen (95%) patients had new ischemic defects at post-procedural DW-MRI. The median number of new lesions per patient was 10.00 (interquartile range [IQR]: 4.75 to 15.25). The total new lesion volume was 199.9 mm3 (IQR: 83.9 to 447.5 mm3) and the mean lesion volume per lesion was 42.5 mm3 (IQR: 21.5 to 75.6 mm3). Histopathologic analysis showed evidence of significant debris in 18 (90%) filters. CONCLUSIONS: The Emblok embolic protection system appears to be feasible and safe during TAVR. The device was successfully placed and retrieved in all cases and no neurological events were observed. Cerebral total new lesion volume was similar to other trials on cerebral protection during TAVR, thus warranting a larger study. (European Study Evaluating the Emblok Embolic Protection System During TAVR; NCT03130491).

8.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(9): 1046-1054, 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305392

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the utility of rapid atrial pacing immediately after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) to predict the need for permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI). BACKGROUND: Risk stratification for patients without high-grade atrioventricular block (AVB) after TAVR is imprecise and based on anatomic considerations, electrocardiographic characteristics, and clinical suspicion. A more reliable assessment is necessary to minimize inpatient rhythm monitoring and/or reduce unnecessary PPI. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing TAVR at 2 centers were included. After valve implantation in patients without pacemakers who did not have complete heart block or atrial fibrillation, the temporary pacemaker was withdrawn from the right ventricle and placed in the right atrium. Rapid atrial pacing was performed from 70 to 120 beats/min, and patients were assessed for the development of Wenckebach AVB. Patients were then followed for clinical outcomes, including PPI. RESULTS: A total of 284 patients were included. Of these, 130 (45.8%) developed Wenckebach AVB. There was a higher rate of PPI within 30 days of TAVR among the patients who developed Wenckebach AVB (13.1% vs. 1.3%; p < 0.001), with a negative predictive value for PPI in the group without Wenckebach AVB of 98.7%. A greater percentage of patients receiving self-expanding valves required PPI than those receiving a balloon-expandable valves (15.9% vs. 3.7%; p = 0.001), though these rates were still relatively low among patients who did not develop Wenckebach AVB (2.9% and 0.8%). CONCLUSIONS: Atrial pacing post-TAVR is easily performed and can help identify patients who may benefit from extended rhythm monitoring. Patients who did not develop pacing-induced Wenckebach AVB demonstrated an extremely low likelihood of PPI.

9.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(12): 1815-1822, 2020 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305225

RESUMO

Dual antiplatelet therapy combining aspirin with a P2Y12-receptor inhibitor reduces atherothrombotic events following an acute coronary syndromes (ACS), but the relative merits of different P2Y12 inhibitors remain unclear, despite several recent large-scale trials. We performed a network meta-analysis, representing the largest evidence to date to inform P2Y12 inhibitor choice in patients with ACS. Fourteen studies were included, for a total population of 145,019 patients. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were used in this systematic review. A network meta-analysis using a frequentist approach with surface under the cumulative ranking probability calculation was performed. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), definite stent thrombosis (ST) and major bleeding at 30-day and 1-year all-cause death and MI were the study endpoints. At 30-day, prasugrel was superior to both clopidogrel and ticagrelor in MACE, all-cause death and definite ST endpoints. Both prasugrel and ticagrelor were superior to clopidogrel in MI endpoint. Ticagrelor also reduced all-cause death compared with clopidogrel. Ticagrelor, prasugrel, and clopidogrel resulted equivalent in terms of the safety outcome of 30-day major bleeding. No significant difference was found among clopidogrel, prasugrel, and ticagrelor with respect to 1-year MACE outcome. Both prasugrel and ticagrelor reduced the occurrence of 1-year all-cause death compared with clopidogrel. Prasugrel reduced 1-year MI rate as compared with clopidogrel, while ticagrelor did not. At probability analyses, prasugrel ranked best in all 30-day and 1-year efficacy and safety endpoints. In conclusion, in this network meta-analysis, prasugrel showed the highest efficacy in reducing adverse outcomes in ACS patients and had the highest probability of being the best P2Y12 inhibitor to reduce hard adverse events both at 30-day and 1-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Causas de Morte , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/uso terapêutico , Stents , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the use of bare metal stent (BMS) implantation in current percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) era, focusing on indications for use and clinical outcomes. BACKGROUND: Limited data on BMS usage in current clinical practice are available. METHODS: All patients who underwent PCI with at least one BMS implantation in 18 Italian centers from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2017, were included in our registry. Rates of BMS use and reasons for BMS implantations were reported for the overall study period and for each year. Primary outcomes were mortality, bleeding (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium-BARC and Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction-TIMI non-CABG definitions), and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as the composite of all-cause and cardiac death, any myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, or any stent thrombosis. RESULTS: Among 58,879 patients undergoing PCI in the study period, 2,117 (3.6%) patients (mean age 73 years, 69.7% males, 73.3% acute coronary syndrome) were treated with BMS implantation (2,353 treated lesions). The rate of BMS implantation progressively decreased from 10.1% (2013) to 0.3% (2017). Main reasons for BMS implantation were: ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (23.1%), advanced age (24.4%), and physician's perception of high-bleeding risk (34.0%). At a mean follow-up of 2.2 ± 1.5 years, all-cause and cardiac mortality were 25.6 and 12.7%, respectively; MACE rate was 35.3%, any bleeding rate was 13.0% (BARC 3-5 bleeding 6.3%, TIMI non-CABG major bleeding 6.1%). CONCLUSION: In a large, contemporary, real-world, multicenter registry, BMS use progressively reduced over the last 5 years. Main reasons for BMS implantation were STEMI, advanced age, and physician's perception of high-bleeding risk. High rates of mortality and MACE were observed in this real-world high-risk population.

11.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 32(5): 180-185, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045345

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of left ventricular outflow tract calcification (LVOT-CA) localization and extension on permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) rates after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with second-generation devices. METHODS: This single-center retrospective study included all consecutive patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI with second-generation devices at San Raffaele Hospital in Milan, Italy from January 2014 to June 2017. The localization and extension of LVOT-CA were evaluated using computed tomography imaging; LVOT regions were categorized according to the overlying coronary cusps. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 377 patients, of which LVOT-CA was present in 133 patients (35.3%). Patients with LVOT-CA had significantly a higher rate of post-TAVI PPI (32.0% vs 19.2% in patients with no LVOT-CA; P<.01). Multivariable analysis demonstrated LVOT-CA in the non-coronary cusp, as well as preprocedural right bundle-branch block, age, body mass index, and mechanically expanded prosthesis implantation, to be strong independent predictors of PPI. CONCLUSIONS: LVOT-CA in the non-coronary cusp is a strong independent predictor of PPI after TAVI with second-generation devices. Further studies are needed to confirm these data in a larger, multicenter population.

12.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(9): 1369-1377, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32098656

RESUMO

Safety and feasibility of transfemoral Acurate neo implantation without systematic predilatation are not fully investigated. Our aim was to evaluate the use and impact of pre-implantation balloon aortic valvuloplasty (pre-BAV) before transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with Acurate neo. The NEOPRO Registry retrospectively included 1,263 patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI with Acurate neo at 18 centers between January 2012 and March 2018. Information on pre-BAV was available for 1,262 patients (99.9%). Primary end points were pre-discharge moderate-to-severe paravalvular aortic regurgitation (PAR II+), 30-day new permanent pacemaker implantation, and 30-day all-cause mortality or stroke. A total of 1,262 patients who underwent TAVI with (n = 1,051) or without predilatation (n = 211) were included. A reduction in the pre-BAV rate was observed during the study period (from 95.7% in the first date quintile to 78.4% in the last date quintile). Patients who underwent pre-BAV had higher degrees of aortic valve (AV) and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) calcification. Primary endpoints were similar between pre-BAV and no pre-BAV groups (PAR II+ 5.5% vs 3.4%, p = 0.214; 30-day permanent pacemaker implantation 9.0% vs 8.0%, p = 0.660; 30-day death or stroke 4.9% vs 4.4%, p = 0.743). The need for postdilatation and other procedural outcomes were comparable between groups. Predilatation did not have a significant impact on primary endpoints across AV and LVOT calcification subgroups (subgroup analyses) and was not independently associated with primary endpoints (multivariate analyses). In conclusion, transfemoral Acurate neo implantation without predilatation appears to be feasible and safe, especially in patients with milder degrees of AV and LVOT calcification.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valvuloplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Dilatação/instrumentação , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Período Pré-Operatório , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Int J Cardiol ; 302: 135-137, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Impella RP has been used to treat right ventricular failure (RVF) developing in various clinical settings that underlay different pathological mechanisms and lead to distinct prognostic implications. METHODS: This is a single-centre retrospective study including all consecutive patients, from January 2015 to December 2018, with inferior STEMI due to acute thrombotic occlusion of right coronary artery (RCA) and unsuccessful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) complicated by refractory RVF managed with an Impella RP device. RESULTS: A total of 5 patients have been treated. The mean age was 73 ± 9 years, 80% were males. All patients, except one, were hemodynamically stable at hospital admission. In all patients, PCI resulted unsuccessful (final TIMI flow < 3), with subsequent development of refractory RVF and cardiogenic shock in the catheterization laboratory, despite the use of inotropes and intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP). In 80% of the cases, Impella RP was placed immediately after PCI. Hemodynamics improved immediately after initiation of Impella RP support, with an increase in systolic blood pressure from 91 ± 17 to 136 ± 13 mmHg, a decrease in central venous pressure from 16 ± 2.5 to 12 ± 4 mmHg and a resolution in lactates from 4.5 ± 2.5 to 1.6 ± 0.7 mg/dL. Mean duration of IABP and Impella RP support were 4 and 7 days, respectively. RV recovery occurred in 80% of the cases. All patients survived at 30-day. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AMI complicated by unsuccessful revascularization of RCA and refractory RVF, the use of Impella RP device resulted in immediate hemodynamic benefit with reversal of shock and favourable survival at 30-day.

14.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(2): 196-206, 2020 01 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the outcomes of transcatheter self-expandable prostheses in patients with small annuli. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic heart valves appear to have better performance than surgical valves in terms of prosthesis-patient mismatch, especially in patients with aortic stenosis with small aortic annuli. METHODS: TAVI-SMALL (International Multicenter Registry to Evaluate the Performance of Self-Expandable Valves in Small Aortic Annuli) is a retrospective registry of patients with severe aortic stenosis and small annuli (annular perimeter <72 mm or area <400 mm2 on computed tomography) treated with transcatheter self-expandable valves (n = 859; Evolut R, n = 397; Evolut PRO, n = 84; ACURATE, n = 201; Portico, n = 177). Primary endpoints were post-procedural mean aortic gradient, indexed effective orifice area, and rate of severe prosthesis-patient mismatch. RESULTS: Pre-discharge gradients were consistently low in every group, with a slight benefit with the Evolut R (8.1 mm Hg; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 7.7 to 8.5 mm Hg) and Evolut PRO (6.9 mm Hg; 95% CI: 6.3 to 7.6 mm Hg) compared with the ACURATE (9.6 mm Hg; 95% CI: 8.9 to 10.2 mm Hg) and Portico (8.9 mm Hg; 95% CI: 8.2 to 9.6 mm Hg) groups (p < 0.001). Mean indexed effective orifice area was 1.04 cm2/m2 (95% CI: 1.01 to 1.08 cm2/m2) with a trend toward lower values with the Portico. No significant differences were reported in terms of severe prosthesis-patient mismatch (overall rate 9.4%; p = 0.134), permanent pacemaker implantation (15.6%), and periprocedural and 1-year adverse events. Pre-discharge more than mild paravalvular leaks were significantly more common with the Portico (19.2%) and less common with the Evolut PRO (3.6%) compared with the Evolut R (11.8%) and ACURATE (9%) groups. CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter self-expandable valves showed optimal clinical and echocardiographic results in patients with small aortic annuli, although supra-annular functioning transcatheter heart valves seemed to slightly outperform intra-annular functioning ones. The role of transcatheter aortic valve replacement with self-expandable valves for the treatment of aortic stenosis in patients with small annuli needs to be confirmed in larger trials.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Desenho de Prótese , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(23): 2388-2401, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806220

RESUMO

Severe mitral regurgitation (MR) is fairly common in the general population and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Although surgical mitral valve (MV) repair and replacement are well established treatment options for MV disease, as much as one-half of patients with severe, symptomatic MR are not referred for surgery due to prohibitive procedural risk. Novel transcatheter alternatives are therefore being developed to provide an alternative treatment for these patients. A growing experience with transcatheter MV replacement (TMVR) strategies is accumulating and promising early results have been reported. However, the risk of transcatheter heart valve (THV) thrombosis seems to be relevant after TMVR, potentially higher than that observed after transcatheter aortic valve replacement, and routine anticoagulant therapy appears to be necessary to mitigate this risk. Hereafter, the authors: 1) review available evidence on thrombotic risk after TMVR (including new dedicated THVs for native MV, valve-in-valve, valve-in-ring, and valve-in-mitral annular calcification); and 2) discuss the antithrombotic treatment strategies after TMVR.

16.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(22): 2758-2767, 2019 12 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transfemoral aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a guideline-recommended treatment option for patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. Women and men present with different baseline characteristics, which may influence procedural outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate differences between women and men undergoing transfemoral TAVR across the globe during the last decade. METHODS: The CENTER (Cerebrovascular EveNts in patients undergoing TranscathetER aortic valve implantation with balloon-expandable valves versus self-expandable valves)-collaboration was a global patient level dataset of patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR (N = 12,381) from 2007 to 2018. In this retrospective analysis, the study examined differences in baseline patient characteristics, 30-day stroke and mortality, and in-hospital outcomes between female and male patients. The study also assessed for temporal changes in outcomes and predictors for mortality per sex. RESULTS: We included 58% (n = 7,120) female and 42% (n = 5,261) male patients. Women had higher prevalence of hypertension and glomerular filtration rate <30 ml/min/1.73 m2 but lower prevalence of all other traditional cardiovascular comorbidities. Both sexes had similar rates of 30-day stroke (2.3% vs. 2.5%; p = 0.53) and mortality (5.9% vs. 5.5%; p = 0.17). In contrast, women had a 50% higher risk of life-threatening or major bleeding (6.7% vs. 4.4%; p < 0.01). Over the study period, mortality rates decreased to a greater extent in men than in women (60% vs. 50% reduction; both p < 0.001), with no reductions in stroke rates over time. CONCLUSIONS: In this global collaboration, women and men had similar rates of 30-day mortality and stroke. However, women had higher rates of procedural life-threatening or major bleeding after TAVR. Between 2007 and 2018, mortality rates decreased to a greater extent in men than in women.

19.
Interv Cardiol ; 14(2): 54-61, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31178930

RESUMO

Most patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation lack treatment options because of prohibitive surgical risk. New transcatheter treatments under development and investigation might be able to address this unmet clinical need. This article gives an update on the landscape of devices for transcatheter tricuspid regurgitation treatment including different approaches (i.e. repair with leaflet approximation or annuloplasty and replacement using orthotopic or heterotopic valves) at different stages of development, from experimental to clinical trial. Repair devices such as the Cardioband or the MitraClip are leading the field with promising preliminary data and further trials are ongoing. However, with implantations of the Gate bioprosthesis, replacement devices are catching up. Potential advantages of different approaches and most recent data are discussed.

20.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(10): 911-920, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare differences in patient characteristics and clinical outcomes of nonagenarians undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) versus patients younger than 90 years of age and to test the predictive accuracy of the logistic EuroSCORE (European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation), the EuroSCORE II, and the STS-PROM (Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality) for mortality after TAVR in nonagenarians. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of severe aortic valve stenosis is increasing due to the rising life expectancy. However, there are limited data evaluating outcomes in patients older than 90 years of age. Moreover, the predictive accuracy of risk scores for mortality has not been evaluated in nonagenarian patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR. METHODS: The CENTER (Cerebrovascular EveNts in Patients Undergoing TranscathetER Aortic Valve Implantation) collaboration (N = 12,381) is an international collaboration consisting of 3 national registries, 6 local or multicenter registries, and 1 prospective clinical study, selected through a systematic online search. The primary endpoint of this study was the difference in 30-day all-cause mortality and stroke after TAVR in nonagenarians versus patients younger than 90 years of age. Secondary endpoints included differences in baseline characteristics, in-hospital outcomes, and the differences in predictive accuracy of the logistic EuroSCORE, the EuroSCORE II, and STS-PROM. RESULTS: A total of 882 nonagenarians and 11,499 patients younger than 90 years of age undergoing transfemoral TAVR between 2007 and 2018 were included. Nonagenarians had considerably fewer comorbidities than their counterparts. Nevertheless, rates of 30-day mortality (9.9% vs. 5.4%; relative risk [RR]: 1.8; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4 to 2.3; p = 0.001), in-hospital stroke (3.0% vs. 1.9%; RR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.0 to 2.3; p = 0.04), major or life-threatening bleeding (8.1% vs. 5.5%; RR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1 to 2.2; p = 0.004), and new-onset atrial fibrillation (7.9% vs. 5.2%; RR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1 to 2.2; p = 0.01) were higher in nonagenarians. The STS-PROM adequately estimated mortality in nonagenarians, with an observed-expected mortality ratio of 1.0. CONCLUSIONS: In this large, global, patient-level analysis, mortality after transfemoral TAVR was 2-fold higher in nonagenarians compared with patients younger than 90 years of age, despite the lower prevalence of baseline comorbidities. Moreover, nonagenarians had a higher risk of in-hospital stroke, major or life-threatening bleeding, and new-onset atrial fibrillation. The STS-PROM was the only surgical risk score that accurately predicted the risk of mortality in nonagenarians.

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