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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454725

RESUMO

We included 255 patients from the L.E.A. French long-term follow-up cohort. All had received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and/or testicular radiation for childhood acute leukemia and were older than 18 years at last L.E.A. evaluation. Total testosterone deficiency was defined as a <12 nmol/l level or by substitutive therapy, partial deficiency as normal testosterone with elevated luteinizing hormone (>10 UI/l). After myeloablative total body irradiation (n = 178), 55.6% had total deficiency, 15.7% partial deficiency, and 28.7% were normal. A 4-6 Gy testicular boost and a younger age at HSCT increased significantly the risk. After a Busulfan-containing myeloablative conditioning regimen (n = 53), 28.3% had total deficiency, 15.1% partial deficiency, 56.6% were normal (62.5% vs. 0% in patients without or with additional testicular radiation). A 24-Gy testicular radiation without HSCT induced total or partial deficiency in 71.4% and 28.6%, respectively (n = 21). Total testosterone deficiency increased the risk of metabolic syndrome: 25% vs. 12.1% in men with partial testosterone deficiency and 8.8% when Leydig cell function was normal (p = 0.031).

3.
Haematologica ; 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440924

RESUMO

Pediatric-onset Evans syndrome (pES) is defined by both immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) before the age of 18 years. There have been no comprehensive long-term studies of this rare disease, which can be associated to various immunopathological manifestations (IMs). We report outcomes of the 151 patients with pES and more than 5 years of follow-up from the nationwide French prospective OBS'CEREVANCE cohort. Median age at final follow-up was 18.5 (6.8-50.0) years and the median follow-up period was 11.3 (5.1-38.0) years. At 10 years, ITP and AIHA were in sustained complete remission in 54.5% and 78.4% of patients, respectively. The frequency and number of clinical and biological IMs increased with age: at 20 years old, 74% had at least one clinical cIM. A wide range of cIMs occurred, mainly lymphoproliferation, dermatological, gastrointestinal/hepatic and pneumological IMs. The number of cIMs was associated with a subsequent increase in the number of second-line treatments received (other than steroids and immunoglobulins; hazard ratio, 1.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-1.60; p = 0.0002, Cox proportional hazards method). Survival at 15 years after diagnosis was 84%. Death occurred at a median age of 18 (1.7-31.5) years, and the most frequent cause was infection. The number of second-line treatments and severe/recurrent infections were independently associated with mortality. In conclusion, longterm outcomes of pES showed remission of cytopenias but frequent IMs linked to high secondline treatment burden. Mortality was associated to drugs and/or underlying immunodeficiencies, and adolescents-young adults are a high-risk subgroup.

5.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(11)2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212828

RESUMO

Data regarding coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) description are still limited in pediatric oncology. The French society of pediatric oncology (SFCE) initiated a study to better describe COVID-19 in patients followed in French pediatric oncology and hematology wards. All patients diagnosed with COVID-19 and followed in a SFCE center were enrolled. Data from medical records were analyzed for all patients enrolled up to the end of May 2020. Data were available for 37 patients. Thirty-one were children under 18 years of age. Nineteen patients were female. Seventeen patients had a solid tumor, 16 had a hematological malignancy and four recently underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for non-oncological conditions. Twenty-eight patients presented symptoms, most often with fever, cough, rhinorrhea and asthenia. Ground-glass opacities were the most frequent radiological finding with abnormalities mostly bilateral and peripherally distributed. Twenty-four patients received chemotherapy a month prior to COVID-19 diagnosis. Most patients did not require hospitalization. Three patients required oxygen at the time of diagnosis. In total, five patients were admitted in an intensive care unit because of COVID-19 and one died from the disease. Children and young adults treated for a cancer and/or with a HSCT may be at risk for severe COVID-19 and should be closely monitored.

6.
Br J Haematol ; 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216975

RESUMO

We report here the 3-year stenosis outcome in 60 stroke-free children with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) and an abnormal transcranial Doppler history, enrolled in the DREPAGREFFE trial, which compared stem cell transplantation (SCT) with standard-care (chronic transfusion for 1-year minimum). Twenty-eight patients with matched sibling donors were transplanted, while 32 remained on standard-care. Stenosis scores were calculated after performing cerebral/cervical 3D time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography. Fourteen patients had stenosis at enrollment, but only five SCT versus 10 standard-care patients still had stenosis at 3 years. Stenosis scores remained stable on standard-care, but significantly improved after SCT (P = 0·006). No patient developed stenosis after SCT, while two on standard-care did, indicating better stenosis prevention and improved outcome after SCT.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty about the impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in individuals with rare inborn errors of immunity (IEI), a population at risk of developing severe coronavirus disease 2019. This is relevant not only for these patients but also for the general population, because studies of IEIs can unveil key requirements for host defense. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the presentation, manifestations, and outcome of SARS-CoV-2 infection in IEI to inform physicians and enhance understanding of host defense against SARS-CoV-2. METHODS: An invitation to participate in a retrospective study was distributed globally to scientific, medical, and patient societies involved in the care and advocacy for patients with IEI. RESULTS: We gathered information on 94 patients with IEI with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Their median age was 25 to 34 years. Fifty-three patients (56%) suffered from primary antibody deficiency, 9 (9.6%) had immune dysregulation syndrome, 6 (6.4%) a phagocyte defect, 7 (7.4%) an autoinflammatory disorder, 14 (15%) a combined immunodeficiency, 3 (3%) an innate immune defect, and 2 (2%) bone marrow failure. Ten were asymptomatic, 25 were treated as outpatients, 28 required admission without intensive care or ventilation, 13 required noninvasive ventilation or oxygen administration, 18 were admitted to intensive care units, 12 required invasive ventilation, and 3 required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Nine patients (7 adults and 2 children) died. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that (1) more than 30% of patients with IEI had mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and (2) risk factors predisposing to severe disease/mortality in the general population also seemed to affect patients with IEI, including more younger patients. Further studies will identify pathways that are associated with increased risk of severe disease and are nonredundant or redundant for protection against SARS-CoV-2.

8.
Bull Cancer ; 107(9): 925-933, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921398

RESUMO

Sickle cell disease is associated with severe complications and early mortality in adults. In children, hematopoietic stem cell transplant from HLA-identical sibling can stop the progression of the disease and leads to more than 95% long-term free survival without sickle cell disease. The aim of this workshop was to define indications and modalities of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant in children and adults with sickle cell disease. Patient and sibling HLA typing should be proposed, early in the course of the disease, when intensification therapies are required. Indications of transplant from HLA-identical sibling in children and adults are, cerebral vasculopathy, occurrence of vaso-occlusive events despite hydroxycarbamide, renal and hepatic diseases related to SCD, chronic anemia<7g/dL despite hydroxycarbamide, need to maintain transfusion programs longer than six months, and major transfusion difficulties related to red blood cell alloimmunization. In children with an HLA-identical sibling donor, we recommend a myeloablative conditioning regimen associating high dose busulfan, cyclophosphamide and ATG, considering the excellent results of this approach In patients over 15 years of age, we recommend the NIH approach consisting of a reduced intensity conditioning regimen by alemtuzumab, and 3Gy total body irradiation, followed by peripheral hematopoietic stem cells and post-transplant immunosuppression by sirolimus In the absence of HLA-identical sibling donor, there is no definitive data for preferring transplant from unrelated versus haplo-identical donors but we recommend to evaluate these approaches in prospective trials.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/cirurgia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Transplante Homólogo
9.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(10): e28419, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798263

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Our objectives were to assess the quality of life (QoL) of parents of childhood leukemia survivors compared with population norms and to identify the determinants of parents' long-term QoL. METHODS: Parents of minors who had survived childhood leukemia participating in the French LEA cohort (Leucémie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent-French Childhood Cancer Survivor Study for Leukemia) were asked to complete the French version of the WHOQOL-BREF. Results were compared with age- and sex-matched values from a French reference population. Parents' and survivors' characteristics likely to be associated with QoL, long after the child's leukemia diagnosis, were explored using multivariate analysis. RESULTS: We included 487 parents (mean age 42.9 ± 6.0 years, mean follow-up time from diagnosis 7.3 ± 3.3 years). Compared with the reference population, scores for physical health and social relationships for parents of childhood leukemia survivors were significantly lower (P < 0.001, effect size = 0.24 and P < 0.001, effect size = 0.29, respectively) contrary to scores for psychological health which were significantly higher (P < 0.001, effect size = 0.29). Even if health- and cancer-related characteristics were associated with parents' QoL in some dimensions, the only factor associated with each of the three dimensions (social relationships, physical health, and psychological) in the multivariate analysis was the parent's financial situation. CONCLUSIONS: Long after leukemia diagnosis, the parents reported lower scores in the physical health and social relationship domains. Despite the difficulties of actually influencing socioeconomic characteristics, it is important to consider the social situation of each family in the long-term care of survivors and their families.

11.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 55(7): 1367-1378, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286503

RESUMO

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and cytomegalovirus (CMV)-related complications are leading causes of mortality after unrelated-donor hematopoietic cell transplantation (UD-HCT). The non-conventional MHC class I gene MICB, alike MICA, encodes a stress-induced polymorphic NKG2D ligand. However, unlike MICA, MICB interacts with the CMV-encoded UL16, which sequestrates MICB intracellularly, leading to immune evasion. Here, we retrospectively analyzed the impact of mismatches in MICB amino acid position 98 (MICB98), a key polymorphic residue involved in UL16 binding, in 943 UD-HCT pairs who were allele-matched at HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, -DQB1 and MICA loci. HLA-DP typing was further available. MICB98 mismatches were significantly associated with an increased incidence of acute (grade II-IV: HR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.15 to 1.24; P < 0.001; grade III-IV: HR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.56 to 3.34; P < 0.001) and chronic GVHD (HR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.10 to 1.33; P < 0.001). MICB98 matching significantly reduced the effect of CMV status on overall mortality from a hazard ratio of 1.77 to 1.16. MICB98 mismatches showed a GVHD-independent association with a higher incidence of CMV infection/reactivation (HR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.34 to 2.51; P < 0.001). Hence selecting a MICB98-matched donor significantly reduces the GVHD incidence and lowers the impact of CMV status on overall survival.

12.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 37(3): 259-268, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028812

RESUMO

Relapse of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) after first allogenic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a fatal complication. Sixty-five children transplanted for AML were included in a prospective national study from June 2005 to July 2008 to explore the feasibility of preemptive immune modulation based on the monitoring of blood chimerism. Relapse occurred in 23 patients (35%). The median time between the last complete chimerism and relapse was 13.5 days (2-138). Prompt discontinuation of cyclosporin and the administration of donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs) based on chimerism monitoring failed as a preemptive tool, either for detecting relapse or certifying long-term remission.


Assuntos
Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunomodulação , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Transfusão de Linfócitos , Doadores de Tecidos , Quimeras de Transplante/sangue , Aloenxertos , Criança , Ciclosporina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva
13.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 55(8): 1614-1622, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992846

RESUMO

ELANE neutropenia is associated with myelodysplasia and acute leukemia (MDS-AL), and severe infections. Because the MDS-AL risk has also been shown to be associated with exposure to GCSF, since 2005, in France, patients receiving high daily GCSF doses (>15 µg/kg/day) are eligible for HSCT, in addition to classic indications (MDS-AL or GCSF refractoriness). We analyzed the effect of this policy. Among 144 prospectively followed ELANE-neutropenia patients enrolled in the French Severe Congenital Neutropenia Registry, we defined two groups according to period: "before 2005" for those born before 2005 and followed until 31/12/2004 (1588 person-years); and "after 2005" comprised of those born after 2005 or born before 2005 but followed after 2005 until 31/03/2019 (1327 person-years). Sixteen of our cohort patients underwent HSCT (14 long-term survivors) and six developed MDS-ALs. Six leukemic transformations occurred in the before-2005 group and none after 2005 (respective frequencies 3.8 × 10-3 vs. 0; P < 0.01), while four HSCTs were done before 2005 and 12 since 2005 (respective HSCT rates increased 2.5 × 10-3 vs. 9 × 10-3; P < 0.01). Our results support early HSCT for patients with ELANE mutations who received high GCSF doses, as it might lower the risk of leukemic transformation.

14.
Haematologica ; 105(1): 91-101, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097628

RESUMO

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation remains the only curative treatment for sickle cell anemia (SCA), but the place of myeloablative conditioning in the procedure remains to be defined. The aim of the present study was to analyze long-term outcomes, including chimerism, SCA-related events and biological data (hemoglobin, reticulocytes, HbS%), and fertility in a French series of 234 SCA patients under 30 years of age who, from 1988 to 2012, received a matched-sibling-donor stem cell transplantation following standardized myeloablative conditioning [busulfan, cyclophosphamide and rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG)]. Since the first report of the series (1988-2004), 151 new consecutive patients with SCA have been similarly transplanted. Considering death, non-engraftment or rejection (donor cells <5%) as events, the 5-year event-free survival was 97.9% (95% confidence interval: 95.5-100%), confirming, since the year 2000, an at least 95% chance of cure. In the overall cohort (n=234, median follow up 7.9 years), event-free survival was not associated with age, but chronic-graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) was independently associated with recipient's age >15 years (hazard ratio=4.37; P=0.002) and lower (5-15 vs 20 mg/kg) ATG dose (hazard ratio=4.55; P=0.001). At one year, 44% of patients had mixed chimerism (5-95% donor cells), but those prepared with ATG had no graft rejection. No events related to SCA occurred in patients with mixed chimerism, even those with 15-20% donor cells, but hemolytic anemia stigmata were observed with donor cells <50%. Myeloablative transplantation with matched-sibling donor currently has a higher event-free survival (98%) in patients under 30 years of age than that reported for non-myeloablative conditioning (88%). Nevertheless, the risk of cGvHD in older patients and the need to preserve fertility might be indications for a non-myeloablative conditioning.

15.
Br J Haematol ; 189(2): 351-362, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837008

RESUMO

We investigated the long-term outcome, the incidence of second neoplasms (SN) and the rate of late adverse effects (LAE) in children with central nervous system (CNS) negative medium/high-risk de novo acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), in first complete remission (CR1) at end of late intensification, randomized to receive no cranial radiotherapy (No CRT, n = 92) versus CRT (standard arm, n = 84) in the non-inferiority EORTC 58832 study (1983-1989). Median follow-up was 20 years (range 4-32 years). The 25-year disease-free survival rate (±SE) was 67·4 ± 4·9% without CRT and 70·2 ± 5·0% with CRT. The 25-year incidence of isolated (6·5 ± 2·6% vs. 4·8 ± 2·3%) and any CNS relapse {8·7 ± 2·9% vs. 11·9 ± 3·5%; hazard ratio (HR) 0·71 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0·28-1·79]; test of non-inferiority: P = 0·01} was not increased without CRT. The 25-year SN incidence in CR1 was 7·9 ± 4·6% vs. 11·0 ± 4·2%. The 25-year event-free and overall survival rates were quite similar in both arms [59·5 ± 6·3% vs. 60·5 ± 5·9%, HR 0·94 (95% CI 0·57-1·52), and 78·1 ± 4·3% vs. 78·5 ± 4·5%, HR 1·00 (95% CI 0·53-1·88)]. Omission of CRT was associated with dramatic decrease in CNS and endocrine LAE rates. In conclusion, our data suggest that, with proper systemic and intrathecal CNS prophylaxis, CRT could totally be omitted in CR1 without jeopardizing survival, while decreasing LAE in childhood ALL.

16.
J Clin Med ; 8(10)2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydroxyurea (HU) is a FDA- and EMA-approved drug that earned an important place in the treatment of patients with severe sickle cell anemia (SCA) by showing its efficacy in many studies. This medication is still underused due to fears of physicians and families and must be optimized. METHODS: We analyzed our population and identified HU pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters in order to adapt treatment in the future. Working with a pediatric population, we searched for the most indicative sampling time to reduce the number of samples needed. RESULTS: Nine children treated by HU for severe SCA were included for this PK study. HU quantification was made using a validated gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) method. Biological parameters (of effectiveness and compliance) and clinical data were collected. None of the nine children reached the therapeutic target defined by Dong et al. as an area under the curve (AUC) = 115 h.mg/L; four patients were suspected to be non-compliant. Only two patients had an HbF over 20%. The 2 h sample was predictive of the medication exposure (r2 = 0.887). CONCLUSIONS: It is urgent to be more efficient in the treatment of SCA, and pharmacokinetics can be an important asset in SCA patients.

18.
Br J Haematol ; 186(5): 741-753, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124581

RESUMO

Outcomes in childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) are steadily improving due to intensive therapy. Between 1989 and 2008, 599 children with newly diagnosed T-ALL were enrolled in two successive European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer - Children's Leukaemia Group trials (58881 and 58951), both based on the Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster protocol and without cranial irradiation. In the latter trial induction chemotherapy was intensified. The most important randomizations were Medac Escherichia coli asparaginase versus Erwinia asparaginase in trial 58881, and dexamethasone (6 mg/m2 /day) versus prednisolone (60 mg/m2 /day) and prolonged versus conventional asparaginase duration in trial 58951. 8-year event-free survival (EFS) increased from 65·1% to 74·0% in trial 58951. Improvement was most profound for patients with white blood cell (WBC) counts <100 × 109 /l and "good responders" to prephase. Medac E. coli asparaginase was associated with longer EFS [hazard ratio (HR) 0·54, P = 0·0015] and overall survival (HR 0·51, P = 0·0018). Induction therapy with dexamethasone did not improve EFS compared to prednisolone. Remarkably, intensification of central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy in trial 58951 resulted in fewer bone marrow relapses, while the incidence of CNS relapses remained low. In summary, we showed that adequate asparaginase therapy, intensified induction treatment and intensification of CNS-directed chemotherapy can result in an improvement of outcome in T-ALL patients with good prephase response and initial WBC counts <100 × 109 /l, representing approximately 50% of T-ALL patients.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/métodos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Ann Nucl Med ; 33(8): 564-569, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Chemobrain is a recently proposed pathological entity. 18F-FDG PET/CT can show objective abnormalities to explain brain disorders caused by chemotherapy, although no study has investigated these phenomena in children to date. The main objective of the present study was to examine quantitatively the effects of chemotherapy on brain metabolism in a homogeneous population of children treated for Hodgkin's lymphoma using 18F-FDG PET/CT. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included 20 children, newly diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma, who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT at initial staging and at least one PET/CT in follow-up. The SPM12 software provided t-maps to show the difference in metabolism between these PET/CTs. The statistical maps were analyzed with xjView software to identify the brain regions associated with the clusters detected. RESULTS: Altered glucose metabolism was found in the frontal, cingular, and temporoinsular regions after two cycles of chemotherapy. Results in children were compared to a group of 35 adults. For the same statistical threshold, the extent and depth of the metabolic alterations were less in the adult group than in children. CONCLUSIONS: 18F-FDG PET/CT is useful in providing objective data to explain brain disorders caused by chemotherapy. This could lead to better care and should be compared to neuropsychological test results.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Bull Cancer ; 106(1S): S23-S34, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30616839

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a curative treatment for many hematological diseases. However, this procedure causes the patient to be susceptible to infection. Prophylactic treatments are administered in clinical practice even thought the level of evidence of their effectiveness is not always high. In addition, changes in the transplantation procedures - use of reduced intensity conditioning, development of alternative graft sources - must lead to a rethinking of attitudes towards prophylaxis. Our working group based its recommendations on a review of referential articles and publications on the subject found in the literature. These recommendations concern the prophylaxis of infections caused by HSV1, HSV2, varicella zoster, and hepatitis B, as well as anti-bacterial and digestive decontamination prophylaxis, prevention of pneumocystis, toxoplasmosis, tuberculosis, as well as prophylaxis of fungal infections. Other infectious agents usually involved in infections post-allotransplant have been the subject of another set of recommendations from the French Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Micoses/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Pneumocystis/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Toxoplasmose/prevenção & controle , Viroses/prevenção & controle , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Humanos , Prevenção Primária/métodos , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Sociedades Médicas , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Tuberculose Pulmonar
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