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1.
Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep ; 28: 101703, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36133354

RESUMO

Purpose: Chloropsia (green-colored vision) is an extremely uncommon and relatively unstudied clinical finding. We report a case where cerebral chloropsia was the presenting symptom of the Charles Bonnet syndrome. Observations: A 66-year-old male physician with a previous ocular history of advanced bilateral primary open-angle glaucoma presented with acute, diffuse chloropsia, which he described as "light green and oval-shaped." The patient was not taking any drugs that commonly cause altered color perception and did not have a previously diagnosed psychiatric disorder. Ophthalmic examination findings showed poor visual acuity, central visual field loss, and altered color perception in both eyes. Common laboratory tests and visual imaging showed no abnormalities that could be associated with the patient's symptoms. Conclusions and Importance: Our patient meets all diagnostic criteria for Charles Bonnet syndrome, even though, to the best of our knowledge, chloropsia has never been previously associated with this disorder. Physicians should monitor patients for altered color perception, which cannot be explained by other ocular, psychiatric, or systemic mechanisms, as this could be a sign of Charles Bonnet syndrome.

5.
Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) ; 11(2): 177-183, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533336

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Giant cell arteritis and Takayasu arteritis are large-vessel vasculitides that share multiple common features but also have significant differences in epidemiology, demographics, clinical presentation, evaluation, and treatment. Giant cell arteritis is more common in elderly patients of Caucasian descent versus Takayasu arteritis, which is more prevalent in younger patients of Asian descent. Although traditionally age has been the main criterion for differentiating the 2 etiologies, modifications in the diagnostic criteria have recognized the overlap between the 2 conditions. In this monograph, we review the diagnostic criteria for both conditions and describe the epidemiology, pathogenesis, histology, evaluation, and management for large-vessel vasculitis in ophthalmology. Additionally, we describe ocular imaging techniques that may be utilized by ophthalmologists to identify manifestations of large-vessel vasculiti- des in patients. Lastly, we compare and contrast the key clinical, laboratory, and pathologic features that might help ophthalmologists to differentiate the 2 entities.


Assuntos
Arterite de Células Gigantes , Oftalmologia , Arterite de Takayasu , Idoso , Arterite de Células Gigantes/complicações , Arterite de Células Gigantes/diagnóstico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/epidemiologia , Humanos , Arterite de Takayasu/complicações , Arterite de Takayasu/diagnóstico , Arterite de Takayasu/terapia
6.
Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep ; 26: 101538, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35514800

RESUMO

Purpose: To report a uveomeningeal syndrome with bilateral optic disc edema and a MEWDS-like presentation. Observations: A 17-year-old female experienced daily fevers for 3 days (ranging from 101.4 F to 102 F), then received the first dose of the Pfizer SARS-CoV-2 vaccine nearly three weeks later. Within two days she experienced severe headaches with severity scale of 8/10. Retinal imaging at the time showed optic disc edema in both eyes (OU) and multifocal well-circumscribed chorioretinal white lesions in the periphery OU. Neuroimaging and routine infectious and inflammatory laboratory testing were normal. Lumbar puncture showed elevated opening pressure and cerebrospinal pleocytosis consistent with an aseptic meningitis. At follow up, one month later the symptoms and retinal findings resolved. Conclusions: MEWDS is typically an idiopathic condition but can occur in the setting of viral illness. Although other white dot syndromes have been associated with uveomeningeal presentations, to our knowledge this is the first such case to be described in the English language ophthalmic literature.

7.
J Curr Ophthalmol ; 34(1): 50-55, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35620364

RESUMO

Purpose: To determine the repeatability of corneal densitometry measured by the Scheimpflug imaging system. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on photorefractive keratectomy candidates. One eye of each participant underwent imaging using Pentacam HR three times, 10 min apart. The repeatability of densitometry measurements was evaluated in four concentric annuli around the corneal apex and in different corneal depths. The repeatability of the measurements was evaluated using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), repeatability coefficient (RC), and coefficient of variation (CV). The difference of repeatability between layers and zones was tested by tolerance index (TI). Results: Sixty eyes of sixty patients with a mean age of 27.76 ± 3.93 years were studied. Half of the participants were female (n = 30, 50%). ICC was above 0.9 in all corneal parts. The posterior layer and central zones showed the least variability of densitometry measurements considering the CV values. The RC was 2.06, 1.17, and 0.92 in anterior, central, and posterior layers, respectively. The RC was 0.88, 0.71, 1.51, and 4.56 in 0-2, 2-6, 6-10, and 10-12 mm circles, respectively. Only the reliability of densitometry in 10-12 mm annulus was statistically lower than the central zone (TI = 0.71). Conclusions: Corneal densitometry measurements provided by the Pentacam had good repeatability. The repeatability of densitometry measurements decreased from the center to the periphery (with an exception for 0-2 mm and 2-6 mm) and from the posterior to the anterior of the cornea. The reliability of the 10-12 mm zone was markedly less than other zones.

9.
J Ophthalmic Vis Res ; 17(1): 140-145, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35194505

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To present the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) findings of the radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) network in an individual with severe bilateral methanol-induced toxic optic neuropathy (MTON) in comparison to a normal subject and a patient with retinitis pigmentosa. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old man with severe bilateral MTON was referred to the neuro-ophthalmology clinic at the Labbafinejad Medical Center. The Angio Vue OCT 3D set of 4.5 × 4.5 mm was used to measure the disc and peripapillary vessel density. Two subjects were examined with the same protocol as controls to determine the effect on the RPC vessel density in multiple scenarios. One of the controls was a healthy individual with the prerequisite matches of age and sex while the second one was a known retinitis pigmentosa (RP) patient. RPC density was measured as 37.7 in the patient with MTON, 46.9 in the RP patient, and 54.7 in the healthy control. CONCLUSION: The reduction in the RPC vessel density in a patient with MTON compared to that of a healthy individual and also a patient with RP may be due to the loss of capillaries secondary to the loss of nerve fibers and ganglion cells. Moreover, MTON can be considered an optic neuropathy with direct mitochondrial damage to the endothelial cells of the capillaries.

10.
Arq Bras Oftalmol ; 2022 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35170629

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the usefulness of four different algorithms to correct noncontact intraocular pressure measurement errors in keratoconus patients and normal individuals. METHODS: Noncorrected intraocular pressure and corrected intraocular pressures were measured in one eye of 34 patients with keratoconus and 34 age- and gender-matched healthy controls using Corvis Scheimpflug Technology. The correlation of noncorrected intraocular pressure and corrected intraocular pressures with age, axial length, corneal shape, thickness, and biomechanics was calculated. Corrected intraocular pressures were compared with noncorrected intraocular pressure using paired t test and Bland-Altman plots (95% limits of agreement). RESULTS: The noncorrected intraocular pressure correlated with corneal thickness and biomechanical parameters in both groups (all p≤0.047), and front and back mean keratometry in the keratoconus group (r=-0.39, p=0.02, and r=0.39, p=0.02, respectively). After adjustment with different intraocular pressure correction algorithms, biomechanically corrected intraocular pressure showed a minimal correlation with corneal features and a nonsignificant difference with noncorrected intraocular pressure in the healthy group (-0.1 ± 1.1 mmHg, p=0.58; 95% limits of agreement: -2.3 to 2.1 mmHg). CONCLUSIONS: Measuring intraocular pressure using noncontact tonometry and its corrected forms with a corneal thickness-based simple linear formula in patients with keratoconus is associated with many errors. Using more complex formulas that take into consideration more corneal stiffness parameters in addition to corneal thickness, such as biomechanically corrected intraocular pressure formula, may be more reliable and beneficial in this group of patients.

12.
J Glaucoma ; 31(5): 346-350, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999664

RESUMO

PRCIS: Trabeculotomy (T) alone is as safe and effective as combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy (TT) in patients with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) and requires significantly fewer examinations under anesthesia in the postoperative period. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of T and combined TT as the initial surgical procedure for patients with PCG. METHODS: In this retrospective study, medical records of patients who had undergone T or TT as the initial procedure for PCG were reviewed. The primary outcome measure was a surgical success, defined as 5≤ intraocular pressure (IOP) ≤21 mm Hg, IOP reduction of at least 20% with no need for further glaucoma surgery. Secondary outcome measures were the number of glaucoma medications and complications. RESULTS: A total of 134 eyes from 134 patients with a mean follow-up of 8±6.6 years were included consisting of 106 and 28 eyes, which had undergone T and TT, respectively. Success rates were comparable with both surgical procedures at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years with no statistically significant difference. IOP was significantly decreased from 27.5±4.2 mm Hg preoperatively to 15.62±3.4 mm Hg at the 5-year follow-up visit in the T group and from 25.3±6.5 to 17.1±3.2 mm Hg in the TT group (P=0.1) there was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the number of glaucoma medications (P=0.2). Patients in the T group required significantly fewer examinations under anesthesia than the TT group (7.3±4.4 vs. 10.1±3.9, P=0.04). CONCLUSION: Trabeculotomy alone seems as effective as combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy and may significantly reduce exposure to anesthesia in primary congenital glaucoma patients.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Trabeculectomia , Glaucoma/etiologia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trabeculectomia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 235: 211-220, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624248

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the effect of duration of fluorometholone 0.1% treatment on corneal haze after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) with mitomycin C (MMC) 0.02%. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, clinical trial. METHODS: Single-center clinical trial of 252 myopic PRK candidates (252 eyes) aged 21 to 40 years with a mean spherical equivalent (SE) of ≤ 6 diopters (D). Participants were randomized to receive one of the three corticosteroid regimens after PRK: Group A = 1 month followed by 2-month placebo; Group B = 2 months followed by 1-month placebo; and Group C = 3 months. The main outcome measures were corneal haze incidence, subjective SE, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), and corneal densitometry. RESULTS: The corneal haze incidence (Grade ≥ 1) at 12 months was 1.35% (1/74 eyes) in Group A and 0% in the other two groups. The mean anterior corneal densitometry (grayscale unit) was 21.19 ± 2.07, 21.09 ± 2.19, and 21.31 ± 2.21 in Groups A, B and C, respectively. The mean SE was 0 ± 0.09, 0 ± 0.11, and 0 ± 0.10, and UDVA (decimal) was 1 ± 0, 1 ± 0.01, and 1 ± 0 in Groups A, B and C, respectively. During 1-year follow-up, no statistically significant difference was observed in mean SE (P = .158), UDVA (P = .343), and anterior corneal densitometry (P = .109) at any stage between the study groups. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term topical corticosteroids are unnecessary following PRK with MMC for moderate myopia.


Assuntos
Miopia , Ceratectomia Fotorrefrativa , Adulto , Fluormetolona/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Mitomicina , Miopia/cirurgia , Ceratectomia Fotorrefrativa/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Refração Ocular , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Glaucoma ; 30(12): 1074-1081, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628431

RESUMO

PRCIS: Glaucoma surgery in 1 eye can result in significant intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation in the fellow eye in a significant percentage of subjects. This effect is more pronounced following glaucoma drainage device implantation and in subjects developing postoperative hypotony in the first eye. PURPOSE: The aim was to investigate the course and magnitude of IOP changes in contralateral eyes following glaucoma surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 131 glaucoma patients undergoing surgery. IOP changes in fellow eyes and the number of glaucoma medications were recorded for 6 months. Both normal and glaucomatous fellow eyes were included. Patients on preoperative acetazolamide were analyzed separately. IOP change ≥4 mm Hg or 20% increase from baseline values was considered significant. RESULTS: Baseline IOP in fellow eyes was 13.1±3.3 mm Hg which increased significantly at all-time points with a peak at 1 week (mean increase: 3.1±3.2 mm Hg) gradually decreasing up to 6 months (mean increase 0.9±2.1 mm Hg). The number of fellow eyes with clinically significant IOP elevation at 1 day, 1 week, and 1, 3. and 6 months was 47, 76, 47, 31, and 37 showing mean IOP rise of 4.5±2.3 (38.5%), 5.4±1.8 (48.5%), 4.8±1.6 (44.2%), 3.7±1.3 (36.5%), and 3.2±1.3 (32.6%) mm Hg, respectively. Medications were added to 18 fellow eyes (including 10 initially "normal" eyes) while 7 other fellow eyes required surgery.Significant IOP elevation in fellow eyes was associated with tube shunt surgery (P<0.008 at all-time points), a diagnosis of glaucoma following cataract surgery, IOP ≤5 mm Hg on the first postoperative day (P=0.002) and use of preoperative acetazolamide. CONCLUSION: Glaucoma surgery was associated with IOP elevation in fellow eyes in a significant number of subjects and suggests that IOP in the unoperated eye should also be checked at postoperative visits.


Assuntos
Extração de Catarata , Implantes para Drenagem de Glaucoma , Glaucoma , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tonometria Ocular
15.
J Drug Assess ; 10(1): 91-96, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the therapeutic efficacy and safety of dorzolamide/timolol fixed-combination(Cosopt) in newly diagnosed primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients. METHODS: In this prospective, interventional case series, newly POAG patients were included. Patients were started on Cosopt twice a day (BID) for one month and then switched to three times a day (TDS) for an additional month. Patients underwent comprehensive ophthalmic examination, diurnal intraocular pressure (IOP), blood pressure (BP), and 24-h heart rate (HR) measurements at baseline, month 1(BID), and month 2(TDS). Throughout the study, all adverse events were monitored by the investigators. RESULTS: In 31 POAG patients that completed the study, the mean baseline IOP was 23.1 ± 3.15 mmHg. IOP was decreased significantly 16.5 ± 2.21 at one month (p < .0001) and 13.9 ± 2.23 mmHg at 1 and 2 months follow up (p < .0001). IOP was significantly lower in month 2 compared to month 1 (p = .0004). While Cosopt BID significantly reduced the mean 24-h systolic BP and mean 24-h HR from baseline (p < .0001), the mean 24-h systolic BP and HR remained unchanged with Cosopt TDS compared to BID (p = .62). CONCLUSIONS: Cosopt TDS has a superior IOP-lowering effect than Cosopt BID in POAG patients with comparable safety profiles.

16.
Rom J Ophthalmol ; 65(2): 150-156, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34179580

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the implantation of Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) as a glaucoma drainage device. Methods: This study has been done in two steps. First, the constructed implants have been used in 4 rabbits and the histopathologic response was evaluated. In the second step, the implants were used in the 6 eyes of 6 patients with end-stage glaucoma with uncontrolled IOP and poor visual acuity. The tube was made of two-layer of PTFE membrane measuring 8 * 6 mm with a thickness of 1.8 mm and a silicone tube. The rabbits and the human eyes underwent surgical implantation of the tube in the anterior chamber. The histopathologic evaluation was done using H&E staining. Visual acuity, intraocular pressure and the number of glaucoma medications were assessed before and after the surgery. Results: In the histopathologic evaluation, subconjunctival polarizing fibers of a synthetic mesh infiltrated by fibrovascular septa was seen. A granulomatous inflammatory reaction composed of histiocytes, lymphocytes, and multinucleated giant cells were seen around and between the synthetic bundles. The average age of patients was 63 ± 5.5 years. The mean IOP reached from 36.6 ± 5.7 mmHg at baseline to 16.2 ± 8.9 mmHg at the final follow-up. Patients were followed for an average of 6.6 ± 4.5 months. One patient found hypotony refractory to medical and surgical treatment, which led to implant removal. One patient had uncontrolled IOP and finally led to phthisis bulbi following slow CPC. The remaining four eyes did well during the follow-up. Conclusion: The use of PTFE as a new polymer in tube shunt construction was reported. Larger studies, modification of the PTFE membranes like changing the porosity amount, and size of PTFE membranes might result in different conclusions.


Assuntos
Implantes para Drenagem de Glaucoma , Glaucoma , Animais , Seguimentos , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Projetos Piloto , Politetrafluoretileno , Coelhos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Ophthalmol Glaucoma ; 4(1): 95-101, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827800

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate characteristics of the lamina cribrosa (LC) and prelaminar tissue (PLT) in eyes of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG), and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PXG) using enhanced depth imaging (EDI) OCT. DESIGN: Observational case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 116 eyes from 116 participants with POAG (n = 30 eyes), PACG (n = 29 eyes), or PXG (n = 29 eyes) and 28 healthy eyes. METHODS: Participants underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination in addition to corneal pachymetry, standard achromatic perimetry, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) OCT, and EDI OCT, as well as measurement of LC, PLT thickness, and LC depth. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Lamina cribrosa measurement, PLT thickness, and LC thickness. RESULTS: Average LC thickness was significantly different among the 4 groups with the thinnest values in the PXG group. Prelaminar tissue also was significantly thinner in PXG eyes. The POAG eyes demonstrated the largest LC depths (P < 0.05), whereas PACG and healthy eyes demonstrated the smallest LC depths (P < 0.05). Mean deviation on standard achromatic perimetry and average thickness on peripapillary RNFL OCT were associated significantly with LC and PLT thickness. CONCLUSIONS: Pseudoexfoliation glaucoma eyes demonstrate reduced LC and PLT thickness compared with POAG, PACG, and healthy eyes. Lamina cribrosa depth was larger in POAG eyes as compared with PXG, PACG, and healthy eyes. These findings may account for the peculiar appearance of the optic nerve head in PXG eyes.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/diagnóstico , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Campos Visuais
18.
Ophthalmic Physiol Opt ; 41(2): 414-423, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236803

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the relationship between corneal cellular structures and biomechanical deformation parameters in keratoconic (KC) and healthy eyes. METHODS: In this prospective comparative study, 29 eyes of 29 KC patients were age- and gender-matched with 28 eyes of 28 healthy individuals using frequency matching. Corneal parameters examined included the density of basal epithelial cells, anterior keratocytes, posterior keratocytes and endothelial cells as assessed by in vivo corneal confocal microscopy (HRT III-RCM, Heidelberg Engineering, www.heidelbergengineering.com). Additionally, the coefficient of variation of endothelial cell size (CV) and the percentage of hexagonal endothelial cells (HEX%) were measured by specular microscopy (Konan NSP-9900, Konan Medical, www.konanmedical.com). Further, biomechanical deformation parameters were derived from Corvis Scheimpflug Technology (Corvis ST, Oculus, www.oculus.de). All cellular and biomechanical deformation parameters in KC and normal groups were compared, and the relationship between cellular and biomechanical parameters calculated. RESULTS: In the KC group, the highest concavity (HC) delta arc length and maximum delta arc length were associated with endothelial cell density (Beta = -0.39, p = 0.03 and Beta = -0.60, p Ë‚ 0.001, respectively). Furthermore, there was a significant association between HC deflection length and HEX% (Beta = -0.67, p = 0.001). In the normal group, HC delta arc length and HC deflection length were significantly associated with endothelial cell density (Beta = 0.46, p = 0.02; and Beta = -0.51, p = 0.01, respectively). HC time, HC deformation amplitude and applanation 1 delta arc length were associated with CV (Beta = 0.50, p = 0.01; Beta = 0.27, p = 0.009; and Beta = -0.57, p = 0.002, respectively). Applanation 1 and applanation 2 deformation amplitudes were associated with HEX% (Beta = -0.49, p = 0.005; and Beta = -0.46, p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Biomechanical deformation parameters were significantly correlated with endothelial cell properties in both KC and normal groups, thereby indicating the importance of the integrity of endothelial cells to the biomechanical properties of both KC and normal corneas.


Assuntos
Córnea/fisiopatologia , Ceratocone/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Córnea/diagnóstico por imagem , Topografia da Córnea , Elasticidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Tonometria Ocular , Adulto Jovem
19.
Cornea ; 39(11): 1381-1388, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017121

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe the normative data of corneal densitometry in photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) candidates by using a Scheimpflug camera. METHODS: Five hundred twenty-two eyes of 261 PRK candidates that underwent comprehensive optometric and ophthalmic examinations were enrolled in this study. Corneal densitometry values were obtained using a Scheimpflug camera (Pentacam HR; Oculus Optikgeräte GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany) and displayed in grayscale units (GSU). RESULTS: Of 261 participants, 187 (71.6%) were women. The mean age of the participants was 28.79 ± 5.02 years (range: 21-40 years). The mean entire corneal densitometry was 14.86 ± 2.37 GSU. According to corneal depth, maximum and minimum densitometry values were seen in the anterior (30.28 ± 7.42 GSU) and posterior (9.86 ± 2.08 GSU) layers, respectively (P < 0.001). Based on the annulus over the cornea, the highest and lowest densitometry values were seen in the 10- to 12-mm (21.31 ± 4.26 GSU) and 2- to 6-mm zones (13.26 ± 2.34 GSU), respectively. However, this difference was not seen after 35 years of age. Individuals aged 30 to 35 years showed higher corneal densitometry values compared with subjects aged 20 to 25 years old (P < 0.001). In generalized linear models, the corneal thickness was associated with the densitometry value in the central and posterior corneal layers. There were no significant differences in sex and refractive errors among participants. CONCLUSIONS: This study provided normal corneal densitometry data in PRK candidates. Corneal densitometry increased with age until 35 years of age and then decreased thereafter. This finding should be considered in patient selection for PRK and their postoperative examinations.


Assuntos
Córnea/patologia , Opacidade da Córnea/diagnóstico , Densitometria/métodos , Miopia/cirurgia , Fotografação/métodos , Ceratectomia Fotorrefrativa , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
20.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 258(10): 2291-2297, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of systemic erythropoietin, as well as oral steroids, in the management of recent-onset non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). METHOD: Patients diagnosed with NAION within 5 days were randomized into group A (systemic erythropoietin), group B (oral steroids), and group C (control). Group A received 10,000 units of erythropoietin twice a day for 3 days. Group B received oral prednisone 75 mg daily tapered off in 6 weeks. RESULTS: The mean best-corrected visual acuity (± SD) at the time of presentation was 1 ± 0.56, 1.01 ± 0.6, and 0.94 ± 0.47 logMAR in groups A, B, and C, respectively (P = 0.140); corresponding values at 6-month follow-up were 0.70 ± 0.44, 0.73 ± 0.35, and 0.75 ± 0.39 logMAR, respectively (P = 0.597). Fifty-five percent of patients in group A versus 34.3% in group B and 31.2% in group C had an improvement of at least 3 lines in the best-corrected visual acuity values at the 6th month of follow-up visit (P = 0.04). Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layers at presentation were 189 ± 58, 193 ± 64, and 199 ± 62 micrometers, respectively (P = 0.779), which decreased to 88 ± 12, 74 ± 25, and 71 ± 18, respectively at 6-month follow-up (P = 0.041). CONCLUSION: The findings of our study indicate the beneficial effects of systemic erythropoietin in preserving the function and structure of the optic nerve in recent-onset NAION. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical registration number: IR.SBMU.ORC.REC.1397.18.


Assuntos
Eritropoetina , Neuropatia Óptica Isquêmica , Humanos , Neuropatia Óptica Isquêmica/diagnóstico , Neuropatia Óptica Isquêmica/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisolona , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Acuidade Visual
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