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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4488, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34301944

RESUMO

Opn7b is a non-visual G protein-coupled receptor expressed in zebrafish. Here we find that Opn7b expressed in HEK cells constitutively activates the Gi/o pathway and illumination with blue/green light inactivates G protein-coupled inwardly rectifying potassium channels. This suggests that light acts as an inverse agonist for Opn7b and can be used as an optogenetic tool to inhibit neuronal networks in the dark and interrupt constitutive inhibition in the light. Consistent with this prediction, illumination of recombinant expressed Opn7b in cortical pyramidal cells results in increased neuronal activity. In awake mice, light stimulation of Opn7b expressed in pyramidal cells of somatosensory cortex reliably induces generalized epileptiform activity within a short (<10 s) delay after onset of stimulation. Our study demonstrates a reversed mechanism for G protein-coupled receptor control and Opn7b as a tool for controlling neural circuit properties.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Opsinas/metabolismo , Optogenética/métodos , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neurônios/fisiologia , Opsinas/genética , Células Piramidais/metabolismo , Células Piramidais/fisiologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Córtex Somatossensorial/citologia , Córtex Somatossensorial/metabolismo , Sinapses/genética , Sinapses/fisiologia , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética
2.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0226737, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856211

RESUMO

Previous research has suggested that the short (S)-allele of the 5-HT transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) may confer "differential susceptibility" to environmental impact with regard to the expression of personality traits, depressivity and impulsivity. However, little is known about the role of 5-HTTLPR concerning the association between childhood adversity and empathy. Here, we analyzed samples of 137 healthy participants and 142 individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) focusing on the 5-HTTLPR genotype (S/L-carrier) and A/G SNP (rs25531), in relation to childhood maltreatment and empathy traits. Whereas no between-group difference in 5-HTTLPR genotype distribution emerged, the S-allele selectively moderated the impact of childhood maltreatment on empathic perspective taking, whereby low scores in childhood trauma were associated with superior perspective taking. In contrast, L-homozygotes seemed to be largely unresponsive to variation in environmental conditions in relation to empathy, suggesting that the S-allele confers "differential susceptibility". Moreover, a moderation analysis and tests for differential susceptibility yielded similar results when transcriptional activity of the serotonin transporter gene was taken into account. In conclusion, our findings suggest that the S-allele of the 5-HTTLPR is responsive to early developmental contingencies for "better and worse", i.e. conferring genetic plasticity, especially with regard to processes involving emotional resonance.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/genética , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Empatia/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Serotonina/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Empatia/fisiologia , Feminino , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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