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5.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 100(8): 1445-1453, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33896009

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) is a serious condition with a mortality as high as 7%. However, the factors associated with this type of death have not been adequately described, with an almost complete lack of publications analyzing the determining factors of death in this disease. The aim of our work is to describe the causes of death related to PAS and to analyze the associated diagnosis and treatment problems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is an inter-continental, multicenter, descriptive, retrospective study in low- and middle-income countries. Maternal deaths related to PAS between January 2015 and December 2020 were included. Crucial points in the management of PAS, including prenatal diagnosis and details of the surgical treatment and postoperative management, were evaluated. RESULTS: Eighty-two maternal deaths in 16 low- and middle-income countries, on three continents, were included. Almost all maternal deaths (81 cases, 98.8%) were preventable, with inexperience among surgeons being identified as the most relevant problem in the process that led to death among 87% (67 women) of the cases who had contact with health services. The main cause of death associated with PAS was hemorrhage (69 cases, 84.1%), and failures in the process leading to the diagnosis were detected among 64.6% of cases. Although the majority of cases received medical attention and 50 (60.9%) were treated at referral centers for severe obstetric disease, problems were identified during treatment in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: Lack of experience and inadequate surgical technique are the most frequent problems associated with maternal deaths in PAS. Continuous training of interdisciplinary teams is critical to modify this tendency.

6.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-8, 2021 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843408

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) causes severe morbidity and can result in maternal death. It must be managed in specialized centers with interdisciplinary groups, but few publications have described the usual management within a specific geographic region. We intend to describe the usual approach for PAS in reference centers in Latin America. METHODOLOGY: This was an observational, multicenter, cross-sectional study conducted in Latin American PAS reference centers. A standardized survey was implemented and applied to obstetric service coordinators and leaders of interdisciplinary groups with experience in PAS between September and November 2020. RESULTS: One hundred fifty-four hospitals were included. Most of them (64.3%) handle approximately one case of PAS every two months, and almost all centers (89.6%) believe that their performance could be improved. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the reference centers for PAS in Latin America attend to a small number of cases each year, and almost all of these hospitals identify opportunities to improve the management or approach for PAS in women.

7.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-5, 2021 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843411

RESUMO

AIM: To report the outcome of pregnant women with a prior pregnancy complicated by placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders treated with resective-conservative surgery at the time of cesarean section. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of pregnant women treated with conservative surgery in the prior pregnancy complicated by PAS disorders. The primary outcome was spontaneous preterm birth with intact membranes or following a preterm labor rupture of the membranes before 37 weeks of gestation. Secondary outcomes were uterine rupture, need for hysterectomy due to severe ante or intrapartum maternal hemorrhage, myometrial thinning at the time of cesarean section, 5 min Apgar score, birth weight centile, and the occurrence of small for gestational age newborns. All these outcomes were observed in women with prior PAS treated with conservative resective surgery divided according to the topographical surgical classification. RESULT: Pregnancies included: 89.6% (181/202) related to PAS type 1; 7.9% (16/202) related to PAS type 2, and 2.5% (5/202) related to PAS type 3. 90% of cases (162/179) (95 CI: 90.3-90.6) completed the pregnancy at term (greater than 37 weeks). The average intergenesic period was 15 months for PAS type 1 and 2 (SD 4,76) (Q1:12; Q3:19), and 18 months for PAS 3 (SD 6,56) (Q1:14; Q3:19). A few mothers presented some complications PPROM 1; premature labor 4; hypertension 2; atony 1; overweight 1; and gestational diabetes 2. The mean age was 30 years (T1), 31 years (T2), and 36 years (T3·). The uterine segment was thicker than usual except for one case of partial uterine dehiscence (twins). There were no placenta previa or PAS, a uterine atony case, and there was one case of hysterectomy by patient request. CONCLUSIONS: Subsequent pregnancies after use of resective-reconstructive for PAS has demonstrated to have similar maternal and neonatal outcomes to typical gestation and cesarean delivery.

9.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-3, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441040

RESUMO

AIM: To report the neonatal outcome after conservative-reconstructive surgery for placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria were women undergoing conservative-reconstructive surgery for PAS. The outcomes explored were: 5 min Apgar score, birth weight, and need for ventilatory support (RS1 supplementary oxygen, RS2 nasal positive pressure ventilation, or RS3 mechanical ventilatory assistance). Descriptive statistics (means and standard deviations for quantitative and percentage and interquartile range for quantitative variables) were sued to report the data. RESULTS: 84% of women with PAS type 1 were delivered between 35 and 37 weeks of gestation. There was only one case of small for gestational age (SGA) newborn 81% of the newborns required admission to the NICU and 11% respiratory support of those pregnancies complicated by PAS type 2, 59% were delivered between 35 and 36.6 weeks. Neonatal birth weight was consistent with gestational age at birth for all the included cases, and there was no SGA newborn in this group. 84% of the newborns required admission to the NICU, while 21% respiratory support. All women with PAS type 3 were delivered between 30 and 33 weeks of gestation. Although all newborns were admitted to NICU and 73% required ventilatory support, there was no SGA case. Pregnancies complicated by PAS type 4 completed their pregnancy between weeks 35 and 37. There was no case affected by SGA; although all newborns were admitted to NICU, none required ventilatory support. CONCLUSIONS: Conservative surgery in pregnancies complicated by PAS does not seem to increase the risk of adverse neonatal outcomes. Early gestational age at birth and invasion in the inferior third of the lower uterine segment is associated with an increased incidence of neonatal complications, likely due to the earlier gestational age at delivery for these pregnancies.

10.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 34(5): 765-773, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31057039

RESUMO

Introduction: Resective-reconstructive treatment of an abnormally invasive placenta, also known as conservative surgical management, allows a comprehensive treatment of the pathology in only one surgery; however, this alternative is not generally included in international consensus, as it requires specific training. Here, we report our experience of this type of treatment and its plausibility after training facilitated by interinstitutional collaboration via telemedicine.Materials and methods: A total of 48 women who were diagnosed with abnormally invasive placenta, before and after changes due to the resection-reconstruction protocol were included in the study.Results: In total, 14 conservative reconstructive procedures were performed with outcomes of a lower rate of bleeding, reduced transfusions and complications, and a shorter duration of hospitalization than women with hysterectomy.Conclusion: Conservative surgical management is a safe alternative when implemented at specialized centers by trained groups of professionals. Interinstitutional collaboration, using appropriate telemedicine is a safe and effective alternative to enable training in resective-conservative management of abnormally invasive placenta.


Assuntos
Placenta Acreta , Telemedicina , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Placenta/cirurgia , Placenta Acreta/cirurgia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 33(19): 3377-3384, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30700221

RESUMO

Purpose of the article: Placental accreta spectrum (PAS) is the most dangerous iatrogenic complication of cesarean potentially leading to massive intra-partum haemorrhage and death. Despite this, identification of near miss cases of PAS has not been consistently reported in the published literature. The aim of this systematic review was to explore prenatal and surgical characteristics of near miss cases of PAS disorders.Materials and methods: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, SciELO, and Cochrane databases were searched. Only studies including near miss cases of PAS disorders in which a detailed description of the clinical course, severity of placental invasion, role of prenatal imaging, and surgical management were considered eligible for the inclusion in the present systematic review. Random-effect meta-analyses of proportions were used to pool the data.Results: Thirty-four studies were included in the systematic review. The incidence of placenta accreta, increta, and percreta in near miss cases of PAS disorders was 0% (95% CI 0-24.6), 17.3% (95% CI 8.4-28.6) and 82.7% (95% CI 71.4-91.6). S1 invasion, defined as invasion in the upper posterior bladder wall was present in none of the near miss cases of PAS while all included cases showed S2 invasion. Prenatal imaging, either ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging, detected invasive placenta in 54.4% (95% CI 41.0-67.5). Clinical symptoms occurred in 65.3% (95% CI 52.1-77.4) of near miss cases of PAS before surgery, while the corresponding figures for symptoms occurring during and after surgery were 65.5% (95% CI 52.2-77.5) and 50.0% (95% CI 36.5-63.5) of cases, respectively. Invasion in the inferior part of the lower uterine segment, posterior bladder and parametria was associated with a high risk of morbidity.Conclusion: Near miss cases of PAS are commonly associated with posterior bladder or parametrial invasion and placenta percreta. Further studies are needed in order to identify women affected by PAS disorders at high risk of surgical complications.


Assuntos
Near Miss , Placenta Acreta , Doenças Placentárias , Feminino , Humanos , Placenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta Acreta/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta Acreta/etiologia , Gravidez , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
14.
Fetal Diagn Ther ; 41(3): 239-240, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27160715

RESUMO

Vascular control is a fundamental step in the surgical management of morbidly adherent placenta (MAP), and this implies a precise knowledge of the vascular supply in the lower part of the genital tract. High degrees of MAP are sometimes characterised by the presence of a rich vascular anastomotic system between the bladder, uterus, and vagina involving the superior, medial, and inferior vaginal and the lower vesical arteries. This brief report shows that prenatal ultrasound assessment of bladder-uterovaginal anastomoses in MAP is feasible.


Assuntos
Doenças Placentárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/normas , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/normas , Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos
16.
Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol ; 27(2): 221-32, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23127895

RESUMO

In the past decade, the incidence of placenta praevia and placenta accreta has increased and seems to be associated with induced labour, termination of pregnancy, caesarean section and pregnancy at older age. These factors imply some degree of tissue damage, which can modify the decidualisation process, and produce excessive vascular remodelling. Placenta praevia and accreta are mainly located in the lower segment, a place that predisposes to persistent uterine bleeding because of the development of new vessels and because it is a poorly contractile area of the uterus. The complexity, determined by tissue destruction, newly formed vessels, and vascular invasion of surrounding tissues, warrants multi-disciplinary management. When resective procedures are undertaken, a suitable plan to tackle surgical problems allows better control of bleeding and avoids unnecessary hysterectomies. In cases of placenta accrete, and especially when skills or institutional resources are not available, leaving the placenta in situ may be the best option until definitive treatment is undertaken.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Placenta Acreta/cirurgia , Placenta Prévia/cirurgia , Cesárea/métodos , Feminino , Técnicas Hemostáticas , Humanos , Histerectomia , Placenta Acreta/diagnóstico , Placenta Acreta/etiologia , Placenta Prévia/diagnóstico , Placenta Prévia/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
19.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 49(1): 72-6, 2010 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20466297

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of temporary cross-clamping of the infrarenal abdominal aorta for controlling operative blood loss during cesarean hysterectomy in severe invasive placentation. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old woman with a significant risk factor of four previous cesarean sections and placenta previa was referred to Taichung Veterans General Hospital with suspected abnormal placentation at 37 weeks of gestation. Obstetric ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a bulky inhomogeneous placenta with extensive uterine serosa-bladder interface hypervascularity and suspicious focal bladder invasion. Cesarean hysterectomy was performed with the use of temporary cross-clamping of the infrarenal abdominal aorta. The duration of aortic cross-clamping was 1 hour, and the estimated blood loss was 2,000 mL. The patient was discharged home on postoperative day 11 with no postoperative sequelae. CONCLUSION: With this limited experience, we are encouraged by the apparent reduction in operative blood loss after the use of temporary cross-clamping of the infrarenal abdominal aorta during cesarean hysterectomy. Further investigation is needed to determine the efficacy and safety of this procedure.


Assuntos
Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Cesárea , Histerectomia , Placenta Acreta/cirurgia , Placenta Prévia/cirurgia , Adulto , Constrição , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
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