*Molecules ; 24(19)2019 Sep 25.*

##### RESUMO

The Transitivity function, defined in terms of the reciprocal of the apparent activation energy, measures the propensity for a reaction to proceed and can provide a tool for implementing phenomenological kinetic models. Applications to systems which deviate from the Arrhenius law at low temperature encouraged the development of a user-friendly graphical interface for estimating the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of physical and chemical processes. Here, we document the Transitivity code, written in Python, a free open-source code compatible with Windows, Linux and macOS platforms. Procedures are made available to evaluate the phenomenology of the temperature dependence of rate constants for processes from the Arrhenius and Transitivity plots. Reaction rate constants can be calculated by the traditional Transition-State Theory using a set of one-dimensional tunneling corrections (Bell (1935), Bell (1958), Skodje and Truhlar and, in particular, the deformed ( d -TST) approach). To account for the solvent effect on reaction rate constant, implementation is given of the Kramers and of Collins-Kimball formulations. An input file generator is provided to run various molecular dynamics approaches in CPMD code. Examples are worked out and made available for testing. The novelty of this code is its general scope and particular exploit of d -formulations to cope with non-Arrhenius behavior at low temperatures, a topic which is the focus of recent intense investigations. We expect that this code serves as a quick and practical tool for data documentation from electronic structure calculations: It presents a very intuitive graphical interface which we believe to provide an excellent working tool for researchers and as courseware to teach statistical thermodynamics, thermochemistry, kinetics, and related areas.

##### Assuntos

Modelos Químicos , Modelos Teóricos , Algoritmos , Cinética*J Mol Model ; 25(8): 227, 2019 Jul 17.*

##### RESUMO

Control of molecular orientation is emerging as crucial for the characterization of the stereodynamics of kinetics processes beyond structural stereochemistry. The special role played in chiral discrimination phenomena has been particularly emphasized by Aquilanti and collaborators after their extensive probes of experimental control of molecular alignment and orientation. In this work, the manifestation of the Aquilanti mechanism has been demonstrated for the first time in first-principles molecular dynamics simulations: stationary points characterized on potential energy surfaces have been calculated for the study of chemical reactions occurring between the bisulfide anion HS- and oriented prototypical chiral molecules CHFXY (where X = CH3 or CN and Y = Cl or I). The important reaction channels are those corresponding to bimolecular nucleophilic substitution (SN2) and to bimolecular elimination (E2): their relative role has been assessed and alternative pathways due to the mirror forms of the oriented chiral molecule are revealed by the different reactivity of the two enantiomers of CHFCNI in SN2 reaction.

*J Phys Chem A ; 120(27): 5315-24, 2016 Jul 14.*

##### RESUMO

For the prototypical diatomic-molecule-diatomic-molecule interactions H2-HX and H2-X2, where X = F, Cl, Br, quantum-chemical ab initio calculations are carried out on grids of the configuration space, which permit a spherical-harmonics representation of the potential energy surfaces (PESs). Dimer geometries are considered for sets of representative leading configurations, and the PESs are analyzed in terms of isotropic and anisotropic contributions. The leading configurations are individuated by selecting a minimal set of mutual orientations of molecules needed to build the spherical-harmonic expansion on geometrical and symmetry grounds. The terms of the PESs corresponding to repulsive and bonding dimer geometries and the averaged isotropic term, for each pair of interacting molecules, are compared with representations in terms of a potential function proposed by Pirani et al. (see Chem. Phys. Lett. 2004, 394, 37-44 and references therein). Connections of the involved parameters with molecular properties provide insight into the nature of the interactions.

*J Phys Chem A ; 111(49): 12754-62, 2007 Dec 13.*

##### RESUMO

A quantum chemical exploration is reported on the interaction potentials of H2O2 with the rare gases, He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe. Hydrogen peroxide (the simplest example of chiral molecule in its equilibrium geometry) is modeled as rigid except for the torsional mode around the O-O bond. However, on the basis of previous work (Maciel, G. S.; et al. Chem. Phys. Lett. 2006 432, 383), the internal mode description is based, rather than on the vectors of the usual valence picture, on the orthogonal local representation, which was demonstrated useful for molecular dynamics simulations, because the torsion around the vector joining the center-of-mass of the two OH radicals mimics accurately the adiabatic reaction path for chirality changing isomerization, following the torsional potential energy profile from equilibrium through the barriers for the trans and cis geometries. The basic motivation of this work is the determination of potential energy surfaces for the interactions to be used in classical and quantum simulations of molecular collisions, specifically those leading to chirality changes of possible relevance in the modeling of prebiotic phenomena. Particular attention is devoted to the definition of coordinates and expansion formulas for the potentials, allowing for a faithful representation of geometrical and symmetry properties of these systems, prototypical of the interaction of an atom with a floppy molecule.