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1.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(6): 2287-2296, 01-11-2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148387

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of grape seed extract (GSE)-based intracanal dressings against Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) and its influence on dentin microhardness and bond strength of the filling material. The root canals of 126 human teeth were distributed into three test groups: antimicrobial activity (60 teeth), dentin microhardness (30 teeth) and bond strength (36 teeth). In all three groups, specimens were subdivided into six groups, according to intracanal dressing protocols: G1 ­ distilled water (DW); G2 ­ 2% chlorhexidine gel (CHX); G3 ­ calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH]2)+DW; G4 ­ GSE+DW; G5 ­ Ca(OH)2+CHX; G6 ­ GSE+CHX. The counting of colony-forming units (CFUs), the Vickers microhardness tester and the push-out test were performed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity, dentin microhardness and bond strength, respectively. Specific statistical analysis was performed for each evaluation (α=5%). The greatest bacterial reduction was observed in G5 (Ca[OH]2+CHX) and G6 (GSE+CHX) (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference among groups in the dentin microhardness evaluation (p<0.05). The highest bond strength in the immediate evaluation was observed in G4 (GSE+DW) and G6 (GSE+CHX), whereas the highest bond strength after 12 months of storage was observed in G2 (CHX), G3 (Ca[OH]2+DW), G4 (GSE+DW), and G6 (GSE+CHX) (p<0.05). After the storage period, bond strength was increased in G2 (CHX) and G3 (Ca[OH]2+DW), and remained unchanged in G4 (GSE+DW) and G6 (GSE+CHX) (p<0.05). GSE-based intracanal dressings have antimicrobial potential against E. faecalis, have no influence in dentin microhardness and preserve the high bond strength of filling materials for root dentin over time.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia de medicamentos intracanal à base de extrato de semente de uva (GSE) contra Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) e sua influência na microdureza da dentina e na resistência de união do material de obturação. Os canais radiculares de 126 dentes humanos foram distribuídos em três grupos de teste: atividade antimicrobiana (60 dentes), microdureza da dentina (30 dentes) e resistência adesiva (36 dentes). Nos três grupos, as amostras foram subdivididas em seis grupos, de acordo com os protocolos de curativos intracanal: G1 ­ água destilada (DW); G2 ­ gel de clorexidina a 2% (CHX); G3 ­ hidróxido de cálcio (Ca[OH]2) +DW; G4 ­ GSE+DW; G5 ­ Ca(OH)2+CHX; G6 ­ GSE+CHX. A contagem de unidades formadoras de colônias (UFCs), o testador de microdureza Vickers e o teste push-out foram realizados para avaliar a atividade antimicrobiana, a microdureza da dentina e a resistência adesiva, respectivamente. Análise estatística específica foi realizada para cada avaliação (α=5%). A maior redução bacteriana foi observada no G5 (Ca[OH]2+CHX) e G6 (GSE+CHX) (p<0,05). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos na avaliação da microdureza da dentina (p<0,05). A maior resistência adesiva na avaliação imediata foi observada no G4 (GSE+DW) e G6 (GSE+CHX), enquanto a maior resistência adesiva após 12 meses de armazenamento foi observada no G2 (CHX), G3 (Ca[OH]2+DW), G4 (GSE+DW) e G6 (GSE+CHX) (p<0,05). Após o período de armazenamento, a resistência de união aumentou no G2 (CHX) e G3 (Ca[OH]2+DW), permanecendo inalterada no G4 (GSE+DW) e G6 (GSE+CHX) (p<0,05). Os medicamentos intracanal à base de GSE têm potencial antimicrobiano contra E. faecalis, não influenciam na microdureza da dentina e preservam a alta resistência adesiva dos materiais de obturação da dentina radicular ao longo do tempo.


Assuntos
Dentina , Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Anti-Infecciosos
2.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 29: 101625, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866534

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial action of calcium hypochlorite(Ca[OCl]2) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) with reciprocating instrumentation and photodynamic therapy(PDT), and its influence on root dentin structure. METHODS: One hundred and ten human teeth were used to antimicrobial evaluation, inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis and divided into 11 groups (n = 10): G1 - distilled water(control); G2-1 % NaOCl; G3-5.25 % NaOCl; G4-1 % Ca(OCl)2; G5-5.25 % Ca(OCl)2; G6-PDT; G7-distilled water + PDT; G8-1 % NaOCl + PDT; G9-5.25 % NaOCl + PDT; G10-1 % Ca(OCl)2+PDT; G11-5.25 % Ca(OCl)2+PDT. In all groups, except G6, the root canals were instrumented with #R50 Reciproc file in the working length in association with tested chemical auxiliary substance. The counting of colony forming units (CFUs) was performed to calculate the bacterial percentage reduction of each group. Following, 55 bovine teeth were used to microhardness evaluation and divided into the same 11 groups (n = 5), with no instrumentation and immersion in the tested protocols. The modification of root dentin microhardness was evaluated by using the Vicker tester. Finally, 33 bovine teeth were used to organic components evaluation and divided into the same 11 groups (n = 3), with no instrumentation and immersion in the tested protocols. The modification of organic components of root dentin was evaluated by light microscopy. Specific statistical analysis was performed for each evaluation. RESULTS: The higher bacterial reduction was observed in groups 3,4,5,8,9,10 and 11, with no statistical difference between them (p > 0.05). The higher microhardness reduction was observed in groups 8,9,10 e 11, with no statistical difference between them (p > 0.05). The highest modification on organic components was observed in groups 3,5,9 and 11, with no statistical difference between them (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The association of Ca(OCl)2, reciprocating instrumentation and PDT promotes effective antimicrobial action. Moreover, lower modification was induced in microhardness and organic components of root dentin, by using Ca(OCl)2 in low concentration associated to PDT.

3.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 26: 224-228, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30965149

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of final irrigation protocols and type of resin cement on the bond strength of glass fiber posts (GFPs) in root dentin previously treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT). METHODS: One hundred root canals were prepared up to #4 Gates Glidden drill to receive the GFPs. All samples were subjected to PDT, and randomly divided into five groups (n = 20) according to final irrigation protocol: distilled water + ultrasonic activation [US]; 17% EDTA; QMix; 17% EDTA + US; and QMix + US. Each group was randomly divided into 2 subgroups (n = 10) according to the type of resin cement used for cementation of GFPs: Rely-X ARC dual-resin; or Rely-X U200 (#M, St Paul, MN, USA) self-adhesive resin cement. Bond strength was evaluated using the push-out test. Failure patterns were observed under an optical microscope. Bond strengths were compared using two-way ANOVA, followed by the Tukey post-hoc test; failure modes were compared using the chi-squared test (α = 5%). RESULTS: The use of US over final irrigants improved the bond strength of GFPs, regardless of resin cement used (p < 0.05). The type of resin cement did not influence the bond strength of GFPs (p < 0.05). There was a higher predominance of cohesive failure in all groups, regardless of resin cement tested (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The use of US on final irrigation improved the bond strength of GFPs, while the type of resin cement (dual or self-adhesive) did not influence the bond strength of GFPs in root dentin previously treated with PDT.


Assuntos
Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Cimentos de Resina/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Biguanidas/farmacologia , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Polímeros/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ultrassom
4.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 26: 137-141, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902793

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of final irrigation protocols and endodontic sealer on bond strength of root filling material on root dentin previously treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT). METHODS: One hundred root canals were prepared up to #F3 file of Pro-Taper system to receive the root filling material. All samples were submitted to PDT and randomly divided into five groups (n = 20) according to final irrigation protocols: Group 1-distilled water + ultrasonic activation (US); Group 2-17% EDTA; Group 3-QMix; Group 4-17% EDTA + US; Group 5-QMix + US. Each group was randomly divided into two subgroups (n = 10), according to the endodontic sealer used for cementation of gutta-percha points: AH Plus or MTA Fillapex. The bond strength was evaluated by a push-out test. The patterns of failure were observed under optical microscopy. The bond strength was evaluated using a two-way Anova followed by the Tukey post-hoc test, and the failure mode was evaluated using the chi-square test (α = 5%). RESULTS: The use of 17% EDTA and QMix associated or not to US improved the bond strength of root filling material with either endodontic sealer (p < 0.05). AH Plus showed higher bond strength than MTA Fillapex (p < 0.05). There was a higher predominance of cohesive failure in all groups, regardless of the tested final irrigation protocols and endodontic sealer (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The use of 17% EDTA and QMix, regardless of association with US, and the use of AH Plus improve the bond strength of the root filling material on root dentin previously treated with PDT.


Assuntos
Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Biguanidas/farmacologia , Colagem Dentária , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Resinas Epóxi/farmacologia , Guta-Percha/farmacologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Polímeros/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória
5.
Aust Endod J ; 45(2): 209-215, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30230647

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of ultrasonic activation (US) over final irrigants on antimicrobial activity, smear layer removal and bond strength. The root canals of 180 extracted human teeth were distributed into three experimental tests (n = 60). In each test, the samples were subdivided into six groups (n = 10) according to final irrigation protocols: G1:distilled water (DW); G2:DW + US; G3:17% EDTA; G4:QMix; G5:17% EDTA + US; and G6:QMix + US. The antimicrobial activity was evaluated by counting of colony-forming units (CFUs), the smear layer removal by scanning electron microscopy and the bond strength by push-out test. Statistical analysis was performed for each evaluation (α = 5%). Groups 4 and 6 provided higher bacterial reduction, groups 5 and 6 provided higher smear layer removal, groups 3, 4, 5 and 6 provided the higher bond strength (P < 0.05). US activation did not improve the antimicrobial activity and the bond strength, whereas it improved the smear layer removal.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Camada de Esfregaço , Cavidade Pulpar , Ácido Edético , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Ultrassom
6.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 23: 347-352, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30053480

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of hypochlorite solutions and reciprocating instrumentation associated with photodynamic therapy (PDT). METHODS: One hundred and thirty two root canals were enlarged up to #35 K-file and inoculated with E.faecalis for 14 days. The 132 samples were randomly divided into eleven groups (n = 12) and subjected to the following protocols: G1-distilled water + Reciproc R40 (control), G2-1% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) + Reciproc R40, G3-2.5% NaOCl + Reciproc R40; G4-1% calcium hypochlorite (Ca[OCl]2) + Reciproc R40, G5-2.5% Ca(OCl)2 + Reciproc R40; G6-PDT; G7-distilled water + Reciproc R40 + PDT, G8-1% NaOCl + Reciproc R40 + PDT, G9-2.5% NaOCl + Reciproc R40 + PDT; G10-1% Ca(OCl)2 + Reciproc R40 + PDT, G11-2.5% Ca(OCl)2 + Reciproc R40 + PDT. The percentage bacterial reduction was checked by counting the colony-forming units (CFUs) in 10 samples of each group. The remaining 2 samples of each group were submitted to scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed treatments. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post hoc test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The greatest ability to promote bacterial reduction was observed in groups 8 (1% NaOCl + R40 + PDT), 9 (2.5% NaOCl + R40 + PDT), 10 (1% Ca[OCl]2 + R40 + PDT), and 11 (2.5% Ca[OCl]2 + R40 + PDT), with no significant difference between them (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The association of PDT with hypochlorite solutions and reciprocating instrumentation provides effective elimination of E.faecalis.


Assuntos
Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Hipocloroso/uso terapêutico , Azul de Metileno/uso terapêutico , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Carga Bacteriana , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada , Cavidade Pulpar/microbiologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Hipoclorito de Sódio/uso terapêutico
7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 17: e18409, 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-970529

RESUMO

Aim: Modifications in the mechanical properties of dentin may reduce the fracture resistance of tooth, especially after endodontic treatment. The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of the irrigation with different root canal irrigants on the microhardness of root dentin. Methods: The coronal portion of 60 single-rooted bovine incisors was sectioned and the pulpal tissue removed using endodontic K-files. The roots were cut transversely to obtain 2 fragments, which were embedded in acrylic resin and randomly distributed into six groups (n=20) according to the irrigation protocol: distilled water (DW) (control); 2% chlorhexidine solution (CHX); 6% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); 6% calcium hypochlorite (Ca[OCl]2); QMix; and 6.5% grape seed extract solution (GSE). The solutions were kept in contact with the root dentin specimens for 30 min. After that, irrigation with 5 mL of DW was performed. The Vickers microhardness was determined by performing three indentations in all specimens, using 300-g load and 20-second dwell time. The first indentation was made 1.000 µm from the root canal entrance, and two other indentations were made at a distance of 200 µm from each other. The microhardness value for each specimen was obtained as the average of the results for the three indentations. Data were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA with 5% significance level. Results: All the tested irrigant solutions maintained the same microhardness level of the root dentin when compared to the control group, with no statistically significant differences between them (p<0.05) Conclusion: The tested irrigant solutions did not present ability to modify the microhardness of root dentin


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Hipoclorito de Sódio , Clorexidina , Hipoclorito de Cálcio , Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Dureza
8.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 19: 170-174, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28619615

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate, in vitro, the influence of the addition of chlorhexidine to photosensitiser in the antimicrobial activity of photodynamic therapy in root canals infected by Enterococcus faecalis. METHODS: The root canals of 50 single-rooted human extracted teeth were enlarged up to a file F3 of Pro-Taper system, autoclaved, inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis and incubated for 14days. The samples were divided into five groups (n=10) according to the protocol of decontamination: G1 (control group) - no procedure was performed; G2-photosensitiser (0.01% methylene blue); G3-2% chlorhexidine gel; G4-photodynamic therapy; and G5-photodynamic therapy with photosensitiser modified by chlorhexidine. Microbiological test (CFU counting) was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of proposed treatments. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA followed by post-hoc Tukey test (α=0.05). RESULTS: Group 3 (CHX) showed the lowest mean contamination (2.03 log10 CFU/mL), being statistically different from all other all groups (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between groups 4 (PDT) and 5 (PDT+CHX) (p<0.05), being more effectives against E. faecalis when compared to groups 1 (NT) and 2 (MB), and less effective when compared to group 2 (CHX). CONCLUSIONS: The addition of chlorhexidine to photosensitiser did not result in a better decontamination potential of photodynamic therapy alone over root canals infected by E. faecalis.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Azul de Metileno/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/administração & dosagem , Clorexidina/administração & dosagem , Cavidade Pulpar/microbiologia , Humanos , Azul de Metileno/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/administração & dosagem , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Células-Tronco
9.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 17: 216-220, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28065860

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of ultrasonic activation (US) of the final irrigant in the removal of the photosensitizer from root canal walls after photodynamic therapy. METHODS: The root canals of 60 single-rooted bovine extracted teeth were filled with 0.01% methylene blue and submitted to photodynamic therapy for 90s. After that, the roots were divided into six groups (n=10) according to the final irrigation protocol: distilled water (DW), DW+US, 17% EDTA, QMix, EDTA+US, and QMix+US. Then, the samples were submitted to scanning electron microscopy where a scoring system was used to evaluate the images and effectiveness of proposed treatments in the cervical, middle and apical regions of the root canals. The data were statistically analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests for intergroup comparisons as well as the Wilcoxon and Friedman tests for intragroup comparisons at 5% of significance. RESULTS: The 17% EDTA+US and QMix+US treatments were most effective in the removal of the photosensitizer in all regions of the root canal; the difference was statistically significant when compared to all other groups (p<0.05). There were no significant differences in the intragroup analysis comparing the effectiveness in the different regions of the same group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: US can aid 17% EDTA and QMix in removing the photosensitizer after photodynamic therapy and contributes to cleaning root canal walls.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Azul de Metileno/efeitos adversos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/efeitos adversos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Ultrassom/métodos , Animais , Biguanidas/administração & dosagem , Bovinos , Ácido Edético/administração & dosagem , Azul de Metileno/uso terapêutico , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Fotoquimioterapia/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Polímeros/administração & dosagem , Água/administração & dosagem
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