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1.
Circulation ; 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975133

RESUMO

Background: Mitral valve-in-valve (ViV) and valve-in-ring (ViR) are alternatives to surgical reoperation in patients with recurrent mitral valve failure after previous surgical valve repair or replacement. Our aim was to perform a large-scale analysis examining mid-term outcomes after mitral ViV and ViR. Methods: Patients undergoing mitral ViV and ViR were enrolled in the Valve-in-Valve International Data Registry. Cases were performed between March 2006 and March 2020. Clinical endpoints are reported according to the Mitral Valve Academic Research Consortium (MVARC) definitions. Significant residual mitral stenosis (MS) was defined as mean gradient ≥10 mmHg and significant residual mitral regurgitation (MR) as ≥ moderate. Results: A total of 1,079 patients (857 ViV, 222 ViR; mean age 73.5 years ± 12.5; 40.8% male) from 90 centers were included. Median STS-PROM score 8.6%; median clinical follow-up 492 days [IQR 76 - 996 days]; median echocardiographic follow-up for patients that survived 1 year 772.5 days [IQR 510 - 1211.75 days]. Four-year Kaplan-Meier survival rate was 62.5% in ViV vs. 49.5% for ViR (p<0.001). Mean gradient across the mitral valve post-procedure was 5.7 ± 2.8 mmHg (≥5mmHg, 61.4% of patients). Significant residual MS occurred in 8.2% of the ViV and 12.0% of the ViR patients (p=0.09). Significant residual MR was more common in ViR patients (16.6% vs. 3.1%; p<0.001) and was associated with lower survival at 4 years (35.1% vs. 61.6%; p=0.02). The rates of MVARC-defined device success were low for both procedures (39.4% total; 32.0% ViR vs. 41.3% ViV; p=0.01), mostly related to having post-procedural mean gradient ≥5mmHg. Correlates for residual MS were smaller true internal diameter, younger age and larger body mass index. The only correlate for residual MR was ViR. Significant residual MS (SHR 4.67; 95% CI 1.74 - 12.56; p=0.002) and significant residual MR (SHR 7.88; 95% CI 2.88 - 21.53; p<0.001) were both independently associated with repeat mitral valve replacement. Conclusions: Significant residual MS and/or MR were not infrequent after mitral ViV and ViR procedures and were both associated with a need for repeat valve replacement. Strategies to improve post-procedural hemodynamics in mitral ViV and ViR should be further explored.

2.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 31(4): 461-466, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901288

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Concomitant valvular heart valve disease is a frequent finding, with higher morbidity and mortality among patients undergoing redo surgical procedures. Our goal was to report our initial experience with combined transcatheter Inovare bioprosthesis implants for severe valve dysfunction. METHODS: Among 300 transcatheter procedures, a total of 6 patients had concurrent simultaneous transcatheter bioprosthesis implants for severe mitral bioprosthesis failure (valve-in-valve), with a second valve procedure that included native aortic (n = 2) or degenerated bioprostheses in the aortic position (n = 4). During the procedures, all patients were treated with a balloon-expandable Inovare transcatheter valve, using the transapical approach. RESULTS: Patients were highly symptomatic [New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class IV: 100%], with a mean age of 62 ± 5 years, yielding a mean European System for Cardiac Operative Risk II (EuroSCORE II) of 24.0 ± 10.1%. There was a mean of 1.6 ± 0.4 prior valve operations/patient, with a median time from prior mitral bioprosthesis surgery of 13.0 (9.2-20.0) years. Device success was 100% according to the Mitral Valve Academic Research Consortium and the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 criteria. During the hospital stay, only 1 patient required dialysis, and the median intensive care unit and hospital lengths of stay were 5.0 (3.2-6.7) days and 16.0 (12.2-21.2) days, respectively. No deaths occurred at 30 days; at a median follow-up of 287 (194-437) days, 1 patient died of a non-cardiac cause and the rest of patients were in NYHA functional class I or II, with normofunctioning bioprostheses. CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter double valve interventions using the Inovare bioprosthesis in this initial series were shown to be a reasonable alternative to redo surgical operations. The short- and mid-term clinical and echocardiographic outcomes demonstrate promising results, although future studies with a larger number of patients and longer follow-up are warranted.

3.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 30(2): 229-235, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to analyse the initial results of the first 50 transapical transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve procedures performed in a single Latin American centre. METHODS: A prospective, single centre, database analysis was conducted to evaluate immediate, 30-day and 1-year postoperative results of 50 consecutive patients who had a transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve procedure from May 2015 to June 2018. All patients were operated on in a hybrid operating room and received a balloon-expandable valve via the transapical approach. Preoperative and postoperative characteristics were analysed and compared between the first 25 and the second 25 patients to evaluate the impact of the learning curve. Twenty patients had a follow-up examination at 1 year. RESULTS: There was a 98% device success rate. The patients had a mean age of 64.8 years; 72% were women; 80% were in New York Heart Association functional class ≥III preoperatively; and 36% of the procedures were urgent. The mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons scores and EuroSCORE II were 8.3% and 12.4%, respectively. Patients had a median of 2 previous operations; valve durability was 12.1 years; and 64% mitral valve disease of rheumatic fever aetiology. Echocardiography showed decreases in the maximum and mean mitral gradients from 23.5 to 14.6 and 11.5 to 6.4 mmHg postoperatively; the overall mean hospitalization period was 15 days. The overall mortality rate at 30 days was 14%, with 1 intraprocedural death. Further subanalyses between the first and the second half of the cases showed a drop in the mortality rate from 20% to 8% (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve procedure was shown to be a safe and effective procedure to treat bioprosthetic dysfunction, with potential benefits in patients with rheumatic disease.


Assuntos
Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Humanos , América Latina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 29(1): 59-63, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30689872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we sought to evaluate early outcomes of transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation in patients with a degenerated bioprosthesis in the tricuspid position. METHODS: We used a prospective study, which included patients with a degenerated bioprosthesis in the tricuspid position who were considered high-risk by our heart team and who underwent a valve-in-valve implantation. The procedures were performed via transjugular venous access and were done with the patient under general anaesthesia with transoesophageal echocardiographic and fluoroscopic guidance. Perioperative data were analysed, and the patients were followed prospectively. RESULTS: Seven patients were included. The baseline diagnoses were 3 patients with Ebstein's anomaly, 1 patient with tetralogy of Fallot, 1 patient with neonatal endocarditis, 1 patient with ventricular septal defect with a double tricuspid lesion and 1 patient with rheumatic mitral and tricuspid valve who underwent a combined transapical mitral and transjugular tricuspid valve-in-valve implantation. The mean age was 33 ± 10.8 years and 57.1% of the patients were men. The mean number of previous thoracotomies was 3 ± 2 (range 1-5) procedures. The mean follow-up was 1.24 years. The implant was successful in all cases, and there was no need for conversion to open surgery. There were no deaths during the study period, and all patients are currently in the New York Heart Association functional class I/II. There was a statistically significant difference when the mean transvalvular gradients preimplantation and postimplantation were compared (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous tricuspid valve implantation should be considered a safe and effective therapy and stands as a viable, reliable alternative for the treatment of a degenerated bioprosthesis in high-surgical-risk/inoperable patients.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
5.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 33(4): 362-370, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30184033

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the behavior of platelets after transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for the treatment of degenerated bioprosthesis and how they correlate with adverse events upon follow-up. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 28 patients who received a valve-in-valve implant, 5 in aortic, 18 in mitral and 5 in tricuspid positions. Data were compared with 74 patients submitted to conventional redo valvular replacements during the same period, and both groups' platelet curves were analyzed. Statistical analysis was conducted using the IBM SPSS Statistics(r) 20 for Windows. RESULTS: All patients in the valve-in-valve group developed thrombocytopenia, 25% presenting mild (<150.000/µL), 54% moderate (<100.000/µL) and 21% severe (<50.000/µL) thrombocytopenia. The platelet nadir was on the 4th postoperative day for aortic ViV, 2nd for mitral and 3rd for tricuspid patients, with the majority of patients recovering regular platelet count. However, the aortic subgroup comparison between valve-in-valve and conventional surgery showed a statistically significant difference from the 7th day onwards, where valve-in-valve patients had more severe and longer lasting thrombocytopenia. This, however, did not translate into a higher postoperative risk. In our study population, postoperative thrombocytopenia did not correlate with greater occurrence of adverse outcomes and only normal preoperative platelet count could significantly predict a postoperative drop >50%. CONCLUSION: Although thrombocytopenia is an extremely common finding after valve-in-valve procedures, the degree of platelet count drop did not correlate with greater incidence of postoperative adverse outcomes in our study population.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Trombocitopenia/sangue , Trombocitopenia/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bioprótese/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Contagem de Plaquetas/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Valores de Referência , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(4): 362-370, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-958425

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To analyze the behavior of platelets after transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for the treatment of degenerated bioprosthesis and how they correlate with adverse events upon follow-up. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 28 patients who received a valve-in-valve implant, 5 in aortic, 18 in mitral and 5 in tricuspid positions. Data were compared with 74 patients submitted to conventional redo valvular replacements during the same period, and both groups' platelet curves were analyzed. Statistical analysis was conducted using the IBM SPSS Statistics(r) 20 for Windows. Results: All patients in the valve-in-valve group developed thrombocytopenia, 25% presenting mild (<150.000/µL), 54% moderate (<100.000/µL) and 21% severe (<50.000/µL) thrombocytopenia. The platelet nadir was on the 4th postoperative day for aortic ViV, 2nd for mitral and 3rd for tricuspid patients, with the majority of patients recovering regular platelet count. However, the aortic subgroup comparison between valve-in-valve and conventional surgery showed a statistically significant difference from the 7th day onwards, where valve-in-valve patients had more severe and longer lasting thrombocytopenia. This, however, did not translate into a higher postoperative risk. In our study population, postoperative thrombocytopenia did not correlate with greater occurrence of adverse outcomes and only normal preoperative platelet count could significantly predict a postoperative drop >50%. Conclusion: Although thrombocytopenia is an extremely common finding after valve-in-valve procedures, the degree of platelet count drop did not correlate with greater incidence of postoperative adverse outcomes in our study population.

7.
Eur Heart J ; 39(8): 687-695, 2018 02 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29020413

RESUMO

Aims: There are limited data on coronary obstruction following transcatheter valve-in-valve (ViV) implantation inside failed aortic bioprostheses. The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence, predictors, and clinical outcomes of coronary obstruction in transcatheter ViV procedures. Methods and results: A total of 1612 aortic procedures from the Valve-in-Valve International Data (VIVID) Registry were evaluated. Data were subject to centralized blinded corelab computed tomography (CT) analysis in a subset of patients. The virtual transcatheter valve to coronary ostium distance (VTC) was determined. A total of 37 patients (2.3%) had clinically evident coronary obstruction. Baseline clinical characteristics in the coronary obstruction patients were similar to controls. Coronary obstruction was more common in stented bioprostheses with externally mounted leaflets or stentless bioprostheses than in stented with internally mounted leaflets bioprostheses (6.1% vs. 3.7% vs. 0.8%, respectively; P < 0.001). CT measurements were obtained in 20 (54%) and 90 (5.4%) of patients with and without coronary obstruction, respectively. VTC distance was shorter in coronary obstruction patients in relation to controls (3.24 ± 2.22 vs. 6.30 ± 2.34, respectively; P < 0.001). Using multivariable analysis, the use of a stentless or stented bioprosthesis with externally mounted leaflets [odds ratio (OR): 7.67; 95% confidence interval (CI): 3.14-18.7; P < 0.001] associated with coronary obstruction for the global population. In a second model with CT data, a shorter VTC distance predicted this complication (OR: 0.22 per 1 mm increase; 95% CI: 0.09-0.51; P < 0.001), with an optimal cut-off level of 4 mm (area under the curve: 0.943; P < 0.001). Coronary obstruction was associated with a high 30-day mortality (52.9% vs. 3.9% in the controls, respectively; P < 0.001). Conclusion: Coronary obstruction following aortic ViV procedures is a life-threatening complication that occurred more frequently in patients with prior stentless or stented bioprostheses with externally mounted leaflets and in those with a short VTC.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/epidemiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Falha de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão Coronária/etiologia , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco
12.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 24(4): 514-520, 2017 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28077510

RESUMO

Objectives: Reoperative procedure for the treatment of a failed mitral bioprosthesis is associated with considerable risk. In some cases, mortality is high and might contraindicate the benefit of the procedure. The minimally invasive valve-in-valve (ViV) transcatheter mitral valve implant offers an alternative less-invasive approach, reducing morbidity and mortality. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the mitral ViV approach using the Braile Inovare prosthesis. Methods: The transcatheter balloon-expandable Braile Inovare prosthesis was used in 12 cases. Procedures were performed in a hybrid operating room, under fluoroscopic and echocardiographic control. Through left minithoracotomy, the prostheses were implanted through the cardiac apex. Serial echocardiographic and clinical examinations were performed. Follow-up varied from 1 to 30 months. Results: A total of 12 transapical mitral ViV procedures were performed. Patients had a mean age of 61.6 ± 9.9 years and 92% were women. Mean logistic EuroSCORE was 20.1%. Successful valve implantation was possible in all cases. In one case, a right lateral thoracotomy was performed for the removal of an embolized prosthesis. There was no operative mortality. Thirty-day mortality was 8.3%. Ejection fraction was preserved after the implant (66.7%; 64.8%; P = 0.3). The mitral gradient showed a significant reduction (11 mmHg; 6 mmHg; P < 0.001). Residual mitral regurgitation was not present. There was no left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Conclusions: The mitral ViV implant in a failed bioprosthesis is an effective procedure. This possibility might alter prosthesis selection in the future initial surgical prosthesis selection, favouring bioprostheses. Further large trials should explore its safety.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valva Mitral , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27301396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter valve implantation inside failed bioprosthetic surgical valves (valve-in-valve [ViV]) may offer an advantage over reoperation. Supra-annular transcatheter valve position may be advantageous in achieving better hemodynamics after ViV. Our objective was to define targets for implantation that would improve hemodynamics after ViV. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cases from the Valve-in-Valve International Data (VIVID) registry were analyzed using centralized core laboratory assessment blinded to clinical events. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of elevated postprocedural gradients (mean ≥20 mm Hg). Optimal implantation depths were defined by receiver operating characteristic curve. A total of 292 consecutive patients (age, 78.9±8.7 years; 60.3% male; 157 CoreValve Evolut and 135 Sapien XT) were evaluated. High implantation was associated with significantly lower rates of elevated gradients in comparison with low implantation (CoreValve Evolut, 15% versus 34.2%; P=0.03 and Sapien XT, 18.5% versus 43.5%; P=0.03, respectively). Optimal implantation depths were defined: CoreValve Evolut, 0 to 5 mm; Sapien XT, 0 to 2 mm (0-10% frame height); sensitivities, 91.3% and 88.5%, respectively. The strongest independent correlate for elevated gradients after ViV was device position (high: odds ratio, 0.22; confidence interval, 0.1-0.52; P=0.001), in addition to type of device used (CoreValve Evolut: odds ratio, 0.5; confidence interval, 0.28-0.88; P=0.02) and surgical valve mechanism of failure (stenosis/mixed baseline failure: odds ratio, 3.12; confidence interval, 1.51-6.45; P=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: High implantation inside failed bioprosthetic valves is a strong independent correlate of lower postprocedural gradients in both self- and balloon-expandable transcatheter valves. These clinical evaluations support specific implantation targets to optimize hemodynamics after ViV.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bioprótese , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Hemodinâmica , Falha de Prótese , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Valvuloplastia com Balão , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
EuroIntervention ; 11(6): 682-9, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26499221

RESUMO

AIMS: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation has emerged as an alternative to conventional aortic valve replacement in high-risk patients. Diverse prostheses are currently under investigation. The aim of this study was the clinical, safety and efficacy assessment of Braile Inovare Transcatheter Aortic Prosthesis usage. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ninety high-risk or inoperable patients underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation. The mean logistic EuroSCORE was 39.3%. All patients presented calcified aortic stenosis. The procedures were performed under fluoroscopic and echocardiographic guidance. Prostheses were implanted through the transapical approach under rapid ventricular pacing. Echocardiographic and angiographic controls were included. Implantation was feasible in 87 cases. There was only one case of operative mortality, and 30-day mortality was 13.3%. The median transvalvular aortic gradient was reduced from 44.8±15.3 to 14.1±8.0 mmHg. Left ventricular function improved in the first seven postoperative days. Paravalvular aortic regurgitation was present in 29.7% of cases, mostly trace. One case presented a major vascular complication, and there were two cases of permanent pacemaker implantation. Two cases of major stroke occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement using the Braile Inovare prosthesis is able to provide encouraging results with significant functional and structural cardiac improvement. It is mandatory to continue follow-up to measure the benefits of this device as well as to improve selection criteria of patients.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Calcinose/terapia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Calcinose/diagnóstico , Calcinose/mortalidade , Calcinose/fisiopatologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/mortalidade , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Feminino , Seguimentos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Radiografia , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia
16.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 28(3): 401-4, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24343691

RESUMO

Despite recent advances in acute heart failure treatment, actual results remain limited in refractory cardiogenic shock. Temporary ventricular assist devices have emerged as an alternative in this serious and challenging medical. The purpose of this communication is to present a case of refractory cardiogenic shock, underwent temporary left ventricular assistance device implantation, progressing to right ventricular failure and conversion to biventricular support.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Coração Auxiliar , Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Choque Cardiogênico/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular/cirurgia , Adulto , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo , Falha de Tratamento
17.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 17(6): 1048-50, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23996734

RESUMO

A 60-year old male patient with multiple risk factors and two previous interventions over the mitral valve was admitted to the emergency unit with symptoms of cardiac failure. Initial examination revealed a competent mitral bioprosthesis with severe perivalvular mitral insufficiency. Based on previous experiences with transapical procedures, a transapical transcatheter closure of the perivalvular leak was performed. The apex was punctured with a 7 French introducer sheath, and a hydrophilic guidewire was advanced with the aid of a right Judkins catheter and positioned across the defect in the left atrium. Fluoroscopic and tridimensional transoesophageal echocardiography was used to guide the manoeuvre. Next, a long introducer sheath was advanced through the guidewire and positioned inside the left atrium. Two Amplatzer Vascular Plug II (St Jude Medical) were deployed, resulting in a significant reduction in the perivalvular leak. The procedure was considered to be successful. The patient regained consciousness, and the orotracheal tube was removed in the operating theatre. No neurological deficits were detected, and the patient was transferred to the intensive care unit. The patient recovered well and was transferred to the ward after 1 day. Discharge was accomplished after 4 days.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/terapia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Falha de Prótese , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 28(2): 217-23, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23939318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Heart failure is currently one of the most common hospitalization causes. Several chronic circulatory assist devices have been tested and are highly complex. The objective is the description of a pulsatile endoprosthesis capable of applying a chronic pulse within the descending aorta, similar to that produced by intra-aortic balloon. METHODS: Pulsatile stents composed of nickel-titanium were built and positioned to engage latex tubes simulating the aorta. Different electric currents were applied to units connected in series in order to cause structure contraction and displacement of a liquid column. There were two sequence tests: first composed of two metallic cages and the second composed of five cages. At first sequence tests was applied a voltage of 16.3 volts and a current of 5 amperes. In the second, voltage of 15 volts and current of 07 amperes. RESULTS: In the first sequence was obtained the pulsatile effect of stent, with contraction of the tube and displacement of the water column sufficient to validate the pulsating effect of the endoprosthesis. The two structures ejected a volume of 2.6 ml per cycle, with a range of 29 mm in height of the column of water equivalent to 8% shrinkage during the pulse. In the second sequence, it reachead a variation of 7.4 mL per cycle. CONCLUSION: The results obtained confirm the stent pulsatile contractility activated by electrical current. The continuity of the study and material improvement are necessary to obtain more efficient model from the point of view of energy and pulse, to allow ejection volumes comparable with the intra-aortic balloons.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Coração Auxiliar , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Fluxo Pulsátil , Stents , Aorta , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Ilustração Médica , Níquel/uso terapêutico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Titânio/uso terapêutico
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 28(2): 217-223, abr.-jun. 2013. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-682432

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: A insuficiência cardíaca é uma das causas mais comuns de internação. Dispositivos para assistência circulatória crônica foram testados e, em sua maioria, são de alta complexidade. O objetivo deste estudo é a descrição de uma endoprótese contrátil com capacidade de pulsação crônica no interior da aorta descendente, de maneira semelhante à produzida pelo balão intra-aórtico. MÉTODOS: Endopróteses pulsáteis compostas de níquel-titânio foram posicionadas de forma a envolver tubos de látex, simulando a aorta. Diferentes correntes elétricas foram aplicadas a unidades ligadas em série, de modo a causar contração da estrutura e deslocamento de uma coluna líquida. Foram realizadas duas sequências de testes: a primeira com duas gaiolas metálicas e a segunda com cinco gaiolas. Na primeira sequência de testes, aplicou-se tensão de 16,3 volts e corrente de 5 amperes e, na segunda sequência, tensão de 15 volts e corrente de 7 amperes. RESULTADOS: Na primeira sequência de testes, obteve-se o efeito pulsátil dos 2 stents, havendo contração do tubo e deslocamento da coluna d'água suficientes para validar o efeito pulsátil da endoprótese. As duas estruturas ejetaram um volume de 2,6 mL por ciclo, com uma variação de 29 mm na altura da coluna de água, equivalente a 8% de contração durante a pulsação. Na segunda sequência, conseguiu-se uma variação de 7,4 mL por ciclo. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados obtidos comprovam a contratilidade da endoprótese pulsátil ativada pela aplicação de corrente elétrica. Continuidade do estudo e aperfeiçoamento do material se fazem necessários para obtenção de modelo mais eficiente do ponto de vista energético e com maior pulsação, para permitir volumes de ejeção comparáveis aos de balões intra-aórticos.


OBJECTIVE: Heart failure is currently one of the most common hospitalization causes. Several chronic circulatory assist devices have been tested and are highly complex. The objective is the description of a pulsatile endoprosthesis capable of applying a chronic pulse within the descending aorta, similar to that produced by intra-aortic balloon. METHODS: Pulsatile stents composed of nickel-titanium were built and positioned to engage latex tubes simulating the aorta. Different electric currents were applied to units connected in series in order to cause structure contraction and displacement of a liquid column. There were two sequence tests: first composed of two metallic cages and the second composed of five cages. At first sequence tests was applied a voltage of 16.3 volts and a current of 5 amperes. In the second, voltage of 15 volts and current of 07 amperes. RESULTS: In the first sequence was obtained the pulsatile effect of stent, with contraction of the tube and displacement of the water column sufficient to validate the pulsating effect of the endoprosthesis. The two structures ejected a volume of 2.6 ml per cycle, with a range of 29 mm in height of the column of water equivalent to 8% shrinkage during the pulse. In the second sequence, it reachead a variation of 7.4 mL per cycle. CONCLUSION: The results obtained confirm the stent pulsatile contractility activated by electrical current. The continuity of the study and material improvement are necessary to obtain more efficient model from the point of view of energy and pulse, to allow ejection volumes comparable with the intra-aortic balloons.


Assuntos
Humanos , Coração Auxiliar , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Fluxo Pulsátil , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Stents , Aorta , Ventrículos do Coração , Ilustração Médica , Níquel/uso terapêutico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Titânio/uso terapêutico
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