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1.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 18(1): 20, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32093703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis incidence in children is increasing due to the increased survival rate of patients suffering from chronic diseases and the increased use of drugs that can damage bones. Recent changes made to the definition of childhood osteoporosis, along with the lack of guidelines or national consensuses regarding its diagnosis and treatment, have resulted in a wide variability in the approaches used to treat this disease. For these reasons, the Osteogenesis Imperfecta and Childhood Osteoporosis Working Group of the Spanish Society of Pediatric Rheumatology has sounded the need for developing guidelines to standardize clinical practice with regard to this pathology. METHODS: An expert panel comprised of 6 pediatricians and 5 rheumatologists carried out a qualitative literature review and provided recommendations based on evidence, when that was available, or on their own experience. The level of evidence was determined for each section using the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine (CEBM) system. A Delphi survey was conducted for those recommendations with an evidence level of IV or V. This survey was sent to all members of the SERPE. All recommendations that had a level of agreement higher or equal to 70% were included. RESULTS: Fifty-one recommendations, categorized into eight sections, were obtained. Twenty-four of them presented an evidence level 4 or 5, and therefore a Delphi survey was conducted. This was submitted electronically and received a response rate of 40%. All recommendations submitted to the Delphi round obtained a level of agreement of 70% or higher and were therefore accepted. CONCLUSION: In summary, we present herein guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of secondary childhood osteoporosis based on the available evidence and expert clinical experience. We believe it can serve as a useful tool that will contribute to the standardization of clinical practice for this pathology. Prophylactic measures, early diagnosis and a proper therapeutic approach are essential to improving bone health, not only in children and adolescents, but also in the adults they will become in the future.

2.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732555

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Since the addition of carotid ultrasound into composite cardiovascular risk (CVR) scores has been found effective for identifying patients with inflammatory arthritis and high CVR, we aimed to determine if its use would facilitate the reclassification of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) into the very-high-risk SCORE (Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation) category and whether this might be related to disease features. METHODS: Cross-sectional study involving 206 patients who fulfilled CASPAR criteria for PsA and 197 controls. We assessed lipid profile, SCORE, disease activity measurements, and the presence of carotid plaques and carotid intima-media thickness by ultrasonography. A multivariable regression analysis, adjusted for classic CVR factors, was performed to evaluate if the risk of reclassification could be explained by disease-related features and to assess the most parsimonious combination of risk reclassification predictors. RESULTS: Forty-seven percent of patients were reclassified into a very-high SCORE risk category after carotid ultrasound compared to 26% of controls (p=0.000). Patients included in the low-risk SCORE category were those who were more commonly reclassified (30% vs. 14%, p=0.002). The DAPSA score was associated with reclassification (beta coefficient 1.10 [95%CI 1.02-1.19], p=0.019) after adjusting for age and traditional CVR factors. A model containing SCORE plus age, statin use, and DAPSA score yielded the highest discriminatory accuracy compared to the SCORE alone model (AUC 0.863 [95%CI 0.789-0.936] vs. 0.716 [95%CI 0.668-0.764], p=0.000). CONCLUSION: PsA patients are more frequently reclassified into the very-high SCORE risk category following carotid ultrasound assessment than controls. This was independently explained by the disease activity.

3.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 200: 85-94, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30660771

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cystoid macular edema (CME) is a leading cause of blindness. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ) in refractory CME. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients with CME secondary to noninfectious uveitis who had inadequate response to corticosteroids and at least 1 conventional immunosuppressive drug, and in most cases to other biological agents, were studied. CME was defined as central retinal thickness greater than 300 µm. The primary outcome measure was macular thickness. Intraocular inflammation, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and corticosteroid-sparing effect were also analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 25 patients (mean ± standard deviation age 33.6 ± 18.9 years; 17 women) with CME were assessed. Underlying diseases associated with uveitis-related CME are juvenile idiopathic arthritis (n = 9), Behçet disease (n = 7), birdshot retinochoroidopathy (n = 4), idiopathic (n = 4), and sarcoidosis (n = 1). The ocular patterns were panuveitis (n = 9), anterior uveitis (n = 7), posterior uveitis (n = 5), and intermediate uveitis (n = 4). Most patients had CME in both eyes (n = 24). TCZ was used in monotherapy (n = 11) or combined with conventional immunosuppressive drugs. Regardless of the underlying disease, compared to baseline, a statistically significant improvement in macular thickness (415.7 ± 177.2 vs 259.1 ± 499.5 µm; P = .00009) and BCVA (0.39 ± 0.31 vs 0.54 ± 0.33; P = .0002) was obtained, allowing us to reduce the daily dose of prednisone (15.9 ± 13.6 mg/day vs 3.1 ± 2.3 mg/day; P = .002) after 12 months of therapy. Remission was achieved in 14 patients. Only minor side effects were observed after a mean follow-up of 12.7 ± 8.34 months. CONCLUSION: Macular thickness is reduced following administration of TCZ in refractory uveitis-related CME.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Edema Macular/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores de Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Coriorretinite/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Infusões Intravenosas , Macula Lutea/diagnóstico por imagem , Macula Lutea/patologia , Edema Macular/diagnóstico por imagem , Edema Macular/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoidose/complicações , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/complicações , Uveíte/diagnóstico por imagem , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 49(1): 126-135, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tocilizumab (TCZ) has shown efficacy in clinical trials on giant cell arteritis (GCA). Real-world data are scarce. Our objective was to assess efficacy and safety of TCZ in unselected patients with GCA in clinical practice Methods: Observational, open-label multicenter study from 40 national referral centers of GCA patients treated with TCZ due to inefficacy or adverse events of previous therapy. Outcomes variables were improvement of clinical features, acute phase reactants, glucocorticoid-sparing effect, prolonged remission and relapses. A comparative study was performed: (a) TCZ route (SC vs. IV); (b) GCA duration (≤6 vs. >6 months); (c) serious infections (with or without); (d) ≤15 vs. >15 mg/day at TCZ onset. RESULTS: 134 patients; mean age, 73.0 ± 8.8 years. TCZ was started after a median [IQR] time from GCA diagnosis of 13.5 [5.0-33.5] months. Ninety-eight (73.1%) patients had received immunosuppressive agents. After 1 month of TCZ 93.9% experienced clinical improvement. Reduction of CRP from 1.7 [0.4-3.2] to 0.11 [0.05-0.5] mg/dL (p < 0.0001), ESR from 33 [14.5-61] to 6 [2-12] mm/1st hour (p < 0.0001) and decrease in patients with anemia from 16.4% to 3.8% (p < 0.0001) were observed. Regardless of administration route or disease duration, clinical improvement leading to remission at 6, 12, 18, 24 months was observed in 55.5%, 70.4%, 69.2% and 90% of patients. Most relevant adverse side-effect was serious infections (10.6/100 patients-year), associated with higher doses of prednisone during the first three months of therapy. CONCLUSION: In clinical practice, TCZ yields a rapid and maintained improvement of refractory GCA. Serious infections appear to be higher than in clinical trials.

5.
J Rheumatol ; 46(3): 279-284, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30442823

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) features of patients with antisynthetase syndrome (AS) and to investigate possible correlations with clinical and serological features of the disease. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed NVC images of 190 patients with AS [females/males 3.63, mean age 49.7 ± 12.8 yrs, median disease duration 53.7 mos (interquartile range 82), 133 anti-Jo1 and 57 non-anti-Jo1-positive patients]. For each patient, we examined number of capillaries, giant capillaries, microhemorrhages, avascular areas, ramified capillaries, and the presence of systemic sclerosis (SSc)-like pattern. Finally, we correlated NVC features with clinical and serological findings of patients with AS. Concomitantly, a historical cohort of 75 patients with antinuclear antibody-negative primary Raynaud phenomenon (RP) and longterm followup was used as a control group (female/male ratio 4.13/1, mean age 53.9 ± 17.6 yrs) for NVC measures. RESULTS: NVC abnormalities were observed in 62.1% of AS patients compared with 29.3% of primary RP group (p < 0.001). An SSc-like pattern was detected in 67 patients (35.3%) and it was associated with anti-Jo1 antibodies (p = 0.002) and also with a longer disease duration (p = 0.004). Interestingly, there was no significant correlation between the presence of SSc-like pattern and RP, and only 47% of patients with SSc-like pattern had RP. CONCLUSION: NVC abnormalities are commonly observed in AS, independently from the occurrence of RP. The presence of an SSc-like pattern could allow identification of a more defined AS subtype, and prospective studies could confirm the association with clinical and serological features of AS.

6.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30057295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: 1) To systematically and critically review the evidence on the characteristics, efficacy and safety of glucocorticoids (CS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA); 2) to generate practical recommendations. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed through a sensitive bibliographic search strategy in Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library. We selected randomized clinical trials that analyzed the efficacy and/or safety of CS in patients with RA. Two reviewers performed the first selection by title and abstract. Then 10 reviewers selected the studies after a detailed review of the articles and data collection. The quality of the studies was evaluated with the Jadad scale. In a nominal group meeting, based on the results of the systematic literature review, related recommendations were reached by consensus. RESULTS: A total of 47 articles were finally included. CS in combination with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs help control disease activity and inhibit radiographic progression, especially in the short-to-medium term and in early RA. CS can also improve function and relieve pain. Different types and routes of administration are effective, but there is no standardized scheme (initial dose, tapering and duration of treatment) that is superior to others. Adverse events when using CS are very frequent and are dose-dependent and variable severity, although most are mild. Seven recommendations were generated on the use and risk management of CS. CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations aim to resolve some common clinical questions and aid in decision-making for CS use in RA.

7.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(5): 856-864, 2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29471416

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ) in refractory uveitis of Behçet's disease (BD). Methods: Multicentre study of patients with BD-associated uveitis. Patients were refractory to conventional and biologic immunosuppressive drugs. The main outcome measures were intraocular inflammation, macular thickness, visual acuity and corticosteroid-sparing effects. Results: We studied 11 patients (7 men) (20 affected eyes); median age 35 years. Uveitis was bilateral in nine patients. The patterns of ocular involvement were panuveitis (n = 8, with retinal vasculitis in 4), anterior uveitis (n = 2) and posterior uveitis (n = 1). Cystoid macular oedema was present in seven patients. The clinical course was recurrent (n = 7) or chronic (n = 4). Before TCZ, patients had received systemic corticosteroids, conventional immunosuppressants and the following biologic agents: adalimumab (n = 8), infliximab (n = 4), canakimumab (n = 1), golimumab (n = 3), etanercept (n = 1). TCZ was used as monotherapy or combined with conventional immunosuppressants at 8 mg/kg/i.v./4 weeks (n = 10) or 162 mg/s.c./week (n = 1). At TCZ onset the following extraocular manifestations were present: oral and/or genital ulcers (n = 7), arthritis (n = 4), folliculitis/pseudofolliculitis (n = 4), erythema nodosum (n = 2), livedo reticularis (n = 1) and neurological involvement (n = 2). TCZ yielded rapid and maintained improvement in all ocular parameters of the patients, with complete remission in eight of them. However, this was not the case for the extraocular manifestations, since TCZ was only effective in three of them. After a mean (s.d.) follow-up of 9.5 (8.05) months, TCZ was withdrawn in two cases, due to a severe infusion reaction and arthritis impairment, respectively. Conclusion: TCZ could be a therapeutic option in patients with BD and refractory uveitis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Receptores de Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/diagnóstico , Uveíte/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 48(1): 22-27, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29422324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is one of the most serious complications of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the present study, we aimed to assess the efficacy of abatacept (ABA) in patients with ILD associated to RA. METHODS: National multicenter, non-controlled, open-label registry study of RA patients with ILD treated with ABA. RESULTS: 63 patients (36 women) with RA-associated ILD undergoing ABA therapy were studied. The mean ± standard deviation age at the time of the study was 63.2 ± 9.8 years. The median duration of RA and ILD from diagnosis were 6.8 and 1 year, respectively. RA was seropositive in 55 patients (87.3%). In 15 (23.8%) of 63 patients the development of ILD was closely related to the administration of synthetic or biologic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. After a follow-up of 9.4 ± 3.2 months, two-thirds of patients remained stable whereas one-quarter experienced improvement in the Modified Medical Research Council scale. At that time forced vital capacity remained stable in almost two-thirds of patents and improved in one out of five patients assessed. Also, diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide remained stable in almost two-thirds and showed improvement in a quarter of the patients assessed. At 12 months, 50% of the 22 patients in whom chest HRCT scan was performed due persistence of respiratory symptoms showed stabilization, 8 (36.4%) improvement and 3 worsening of the HRCT scan pattern. Eleven of 63 patients had to discontinue ABA, mainly due to adverse events. CONCLUSION: ABA appears to be an effective in RA-associated ILD.


Assuntos
Abatacepte/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36(4): 652-657, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29303704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of golimumab (GLM), a fully humanised anti-TNF-α monoclonal antibody, in refractory juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis. METHODS: This was a multicentre study of JIA-associated uveitis refractory to standard synthetic immunosuppressive drugs and in most cases to other anti-TNF-α agents. Results were expressed as mean±standard deviation or as median (range or interquartile range). The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare continuous variables. A literature review of the efficacy of GLM in uveitis related to JIA was also conducted. RESULTS: We studied 7 patients (5 females; mean age 21.7±7.5 years; 13 affected eyes). Uveitis was bilateral in 6. Cystoid macular oedema (CME) occurred in 3 patients (5 eyes). Besides corticosteroids and synthetic immunosuppressive drugs, patients had received before GLM a median of 2 biologic agents (range 0-3) including adalimumab (n=6), etanercept (n=2), infliximab (n=3) and abatacept (n=2). GLM dose was 50 mg/sc every 4 weeks. After 6 months of therapy the number of anterior chamber cells decreased from 1 [0.25-1.5] to 0 [0-0.5] (p=0.02) and optical coherence tomography (in patients with CME) from 313.6±77.05 to 261.4±75.1 µm (p=0.03). The best-corrected visual acuity increased from 0.5 to 0.62 (p=0.018). Complete remission of uveitis was achieved in 4 of 7 patients after 16.8±11.4 months of follow-up. However, 2 of the seven patients had to be switched to tocilizumab due to inefficacy. Local erythema at the injection site was observed in 2. CONCLUSIONS: GLM may be considered in the management of refractory JIA-related uveitis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Uveíte/fisiopatologia , Acuidade Visual
12.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 69(3): 668-675, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27696756

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ) for the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter study of patients with JIA-associated uveitis that was refractory to conventional immunosuppressive drugs and anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents. RESULTS: We assessed 25 patients (21 female; 47 affected eyes) with a mean ± SD age of 18.5 ± 8.3 years. Uveitis was bilateral in 22 patients. Cystoid macular edema was present in 9 patients. Ocular sequelae found at initiation of TCZ included cataracts (n = 13), glaucoma (n = 7), synechiae (n = 10), band keratopathy (n = 12), maculopathy (n = 9), and amblyopia (n = 5). Before TCZ, patients had received corticosteroids, conventional immunosuppressive drugs, and biologic agents (median 2 [range 1-5]), including adalimumab (n = 24), etanercept (n = 8), infliximab (n = 7), abatacept (n = 6), rituximab (n = 2), anakinra (n = 1), and golimumab (n = 1). Patients received 8 mg/kg TCZ intravenously every 4 weeks in most cases. TCZ yielded rapid and maintained improvement in all ocular parameters. After 6 months of therapy, 79.2% of patients showed improvement in anterior chamber cell numbers, and 88.2% showed improvement after 1 year. Central macular thickness measured by optical coherence tomography in patients with cystoid macular edema decreased from a mean ± SD of 401.7 ± 86.8 µm to 259.1 ± 39.5 µm after 6 months of TCZ (P = 0.012). The best-corrected visual acuity increased from 0.56 ± 0.35 to 0.64 ± 0.32 (P < 0.01). After a median follow-up of 12 months, visual improvement persisted, and complete remission of uveitis was observed in 19 of 25 patients. Significant reduction in the prednisone dosage was also achieved. The main adverse effects were severe autoimmune thrombocytopenia in 1 patient, pneumonia and then autoimmune anemia and thrombocytopenia in 1 patient, and viral conjunctivitis and bullous impetigo in 1 patient. CONCLUSION: TCZ appears to be a useful therapy for severe refractory JIA-associated uveitis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Receptores de Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Uveíte/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto Jovem
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(28): e4217, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27428226

RESUMO

To further investigate into the relapses of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP), we analyzed the frequency, clinical features, and predictors of relapses in series of 417 unselected patients from a single center. After a median follow-up of 12 (interquartile range [IQR]: 2-38) years, almost one-third of the 417 patients (n = 133; 32%; 85 men/48 women) had experienced at least 1 relapse. At the time of disease diagnosis, patients who later experienced relapses had less commonly infections than those who never suffered flares (30.8% vs 41.9%; P = 0.03). In contrast, patients who experienced relapses had a longer duration of the first episode of palpable purpura than those without relapses (palpable purpura lasting >7 days; 80.0% vs 68.1%; P = 0.04). Abdominal pain (72.3% vs 62.3%; P = 0.03) and joint manifestations (27.8% vs 15.5%; P = 0.005) were also more common in patients who later developed relapses. In contrast, patients who never suffered relapses had a slightly higher frequency of fever at the time of disease diagnosis (9.3% vs 3.8%; P = 0.06). At the time of disease diagnosis, corticosteroids were more frequently given to patients who later had relapses of the disease (44% vs 32% in nonrelapsing patients; P = 0.03). Relapses generally occurred soon after the first episode of vasculitis. The median time from the diagnosis of HSP to the first relapse was 1 (IQR: 1-2) month. The median number of relapses was 1 (IQR 1-3). The main clinical features at the time of the relapse were cutaneous (88.7%), gastrointestinal (27.1%), renal (24.8%), and joint (16.5%) manifestations. After a mean ±â€Šstandard deviation follow-up of 18.9 ±â€Š9.8 years, complete recovery was observed in 110 (82.7%) of the 133 patients who had relapses. Renal sequelae (persistent renal involvement) was found in 11 (8.3%) of the patients with relapses. The best predictive factors for relapse were joint and gastrointestinal manifestations at HSP diagnosis (odds ratio [OR]: 2.22; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.34-3.69, and OR: 1.60; 95% CI: 1.01-2.53, respectively). In contrast, a history of previous infection was a protective factor for relapses (OR: 0.60; 95% CI: 0.38-0.94). In conclusion, joint and gastrointestinal manifestations at the time of diagnosis of HSP are predictors of relapses.


Assuntos
Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/patologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
14.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 34(6 Suppl 102): S34-S40, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27054359

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of other biologic therapies, different from infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA), in patients with Behçet's disease uveitis (BU). METHODS: Multicenter study of 124 patients with BU refractory to at least one standard immunosuppressive agent that required IFX or ADA therapy. Patients who had to be switched to another biologic agent due to inefficacy or intolerance to IFX or ADA or patient's decision were assessed. The main outcome measures were the degree of anterior and posterior chamber inflammation and macular thickness. RESULTS: Seven (5.6%) of 124 cases (4 women/3 men; mean age, 43 (range 28- 67) years; 12 affected eyes) were studied. Five of them had been initially treated with ADA and 2 with IFX. The other biologic agents used were golimumab (n=4), tocilizumab (n=2) and rituximab (n=1). The ocular pattern was panuveitis (n=4) or posterior uveitis (n=3). Uveitis was bilateral in 5 patients (71.4%). At baseline, anterior chamber and vitreous inflammation were present in 6 (50%) and 7 (58.3%) of the eyes. All the patients (12 eyes) had macular thickening (OCT>250µm) and 4 of them (7 eyes), cystoid macular edema (OCT>300 µm). Besides reduction anterior chamber and vitreous inflammation, we observed a reduction of OCT values, from 330.4±58.5 µm at the onset of the biological agent to 273±50 µm at month 12 (p=0.06). Six patients achieved a complete remission of uveitis. CONCLUSIONS: The vast majority of patients with BU refractory to standard immunosuppressive drugs are successfully controlled with ADA and/or IFX. Other biologic agents appear to be also useful.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Substituição de Medicamentos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Behçet/imunologia , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Resistência a Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Infliximab/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/diagnóstico , Uveíte/imunologia
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 94(39): e1554, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26426623

RESUMO

Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is often refractory to standard therapy. Anakinra (ANK), an interleukin-1 receptor antagonist, has demonstrated efficacy in single cases and small series of AOSD. We assessed the efficacy of ANK in a series of AOSD patients. Multicenter retrospective open-label study. ANK was used due to lack of efficacy to standard synthetic immunosuppressive drugs and in some cases also to at least 1 biologic agent. Forty-one patients (26 women/15 men) were recruited. They had a mean age of 34.4 ± 14 years and a median [interquartile range (IQR)] AOSD duration of 3.5 [2-6] years before ANK onset. At that time the most common clinical features were joint manifestations 87.8%, fever 78%, and cutaneous rash 58.5%. ANK yielded rapid and maintained clinical and laboratory improvement. After 1 year of therapy, the frequency of joint and cutaneous manifestations had decreased to 41.5% and to 7.3% respectively, fever from 78% to 14.6%, anemia from 56.1% to 9.8%, and lymphadenopathy from 26.8% to 4.9%. A dramatic improvement of laboratory parameters was also achieved. The median [IQR] prednisone dose was also reduced from 20 [11.3-47.5] mg/day at ANK onset to 5 [0-10] at 12 months. After a median [IQR] follow-up of 16 [5-50] months, the most important side effects were cutaneous manifestations (n = 8), mild leukopenia (n = 3), myopathy (n = 1), and infections (n = 5). ANK is associated with rapid and maintained clinical and laboratory improvement, even in nonresponders to other biologic agents. However, joint manifestations are more refractory than the systemic manifestations.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/uso terapêutico , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 32(5): 640-6, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25190453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) has been associated with increased risk and severity of atherosclerotic disease in the general population. Since ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with accelerated atherosclerosis, we aimed to assess whether OPG levels correlate with disease activity, systemic inflammation, metabolic syndrome, adipokines and biomarkers of endothelial cell activation in patients with AS undergoing TNF-α antagonist therapy. METHODS: We assessed OPG plasma concentration in 30 non-diabetic AS patients without cardiovascular disease undergoing TNF-α antagonist-infliximab therapy. OPG levels were measured immediately before and after an infliximab infusion. Correlations of OPG levels with disease activity, clinical characteristics, systemic inflammation, metabolic syndrome features, adipokines and biomarkers of endothelial activation were assessed. Changes in OPG concentration following an infusion of anti-TNF-α monoclonal antibody-infliximab were also analysed. RESULTS: We found a positive correlation between OPG levels and markers of disease activity such as BASDAI and VAS spinal pain (r=0.497, p=0.01; r=0.390; p=0.04, respectively). No differences in OPG levels according to specific clinical features of the disease were seen. An inverse correlation between OPG levels and total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol was also found (r=-0.451; p=0.02 and r=-0.411; p=0.03, respectively). A correlation between OPG and asymmetric dimethylarginine, a biomarker of endothelial cell activation, was also disclosed (r=0.533; p=0.01). No correlation between OPG level and insulin resistance was observed. An infliximab infusion did not lead to a significant reduction in OPG levels. CONCLUSIONS: OPG shows a correlation with markers of disease activity and endothelial activation in non-diabetic ankylosing spondylitis patients undergoing TNF-α antagonist therapy.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoprotegerina/sangue , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adipocinas/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Células Endoteliais/imunologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Infliximab , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondilite Anquilosante/sangue , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Espondilite Anquilosante/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2014: 798060, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24976690

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: TRAIL is a potential biomarker of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with metabolic syndrome (MeS) and accelerated atherosclerosis. We assessed whether disease activity, systemic inflammation, and MeS features were associated with circulating TRAIL levels in AS patients undergoing TNF-α antagonist infliximab therapy and if infliximab infusion modified TRAIL levels. METHODS: We measured TRAIL serum levels in 30 nondiabetic AS patients without CV disease undergoing anti-TNF-α therapy, immediately before and after an infliximab infusion, and in 48 matched controls. Correlations of TRAIL levels with disease activity, systemic inflammation and MeS features, adipokines, and biomarkers of endothelial activation were evaluated. Changes in TRAIL levels following anti-TNF-α infusion were analyzed. RESULTS: TRAIL levels were higher in AS patients than controls. TRAIL levels displayed an inverse correlation with total and LDL cholesterol. We observed an inverse correlation with QUICKI and a marginal association with HOMA-IR. We also found an inverse correlation with resistin and a marginal association with apelin and OPN. Anti-TNF-α infusion did not change TRAIL levels after 120'. CONCLUSION: Elevated TRAIL levels in AS patients may be the result of a compensatory mechanism to reduce CV risk in these patients.


Assuntos
Espondilite Anquilosante/sangue , Ligante Indutor de Apoptose Relacionado a TNF/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
Dermatology ; 228(4): 311-3, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24942661

RESUMO

Tocilizumab (TCZ) is a humanized monoclonal antibody against the interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor and has been approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who have had an inadequate response to previous biological therapies. Psoriasiform skin lesions, especially palmoplantar pustulosis lesions, are well described following anti-tumour necrosis factor therapy. We describe a 79-year-old woman with rheumatoid factor-positive, anti-citrullinated protein antibody-positive erosive RA, who developed a psoriasiform palmoplantar pustulosis reaction following treatment with TCZ therapy (IL-6 receptor). The rash showed histological features compatible with psoriasis and disappeared following discontinuation of TCZ.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Erupção por Droga/etiologia , Psoríase/induzido quimicamente , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos
19.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 32(3 Suppl 82): S79-89, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24854377

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Non-infectious aortitis is often refractory to standard immunosuppressive therapy. Since IL-6 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of aortitis, we assessed the efficacy of the anti-IL6 receptor monoconal antibody tocilizumab (TCZ) in a series of patients with refractory non-infectious aortitis. METHODS: Review of 16 patients (14 women/2 men) with refractory aortitis diagnosed by imaging (CT angiography, MR angiography, and/or PET) that were treated with TCZ. RESULTS: The mean age±SD was 51.4±20.1 years. The underlying conditions were: Takayasu arteritis (TakA) (n=7 cases), giant cell arteritis (GCA) (n=7), relapsing polychondritis (RP) (n=1), and aortitis associated with retroperitoneal fibrosis (n=1). TCZ was the first biologic drug used in all patients with GCA and in the patient with aortitis associated with retroperitoneal fibrosis but in only 2 of 7 TakA patients. In the remaining cases anti-TNF inhibitors were prescribed before TCZ (standard dose was 8 mg/kg/iv/4 weeks). After a mean±SD follow-up of 11.8±6.6 months most patients experienced clinical improvement, showing reduction of erythrocyte sedimentation rate from 43±36 mm/1st h to 5±4 mm/1st h at last visit. At TCZ onset, 25% of patients had fever and 19% polymyalgia rheumatica. These manifestations disappeared after 3 months of TCZ therapy. A corticosteroid sparing effect was also achieved (from 27.3±17.6 mg/day of prednisone at TCZ onset to 4.2±3.8 mg/day at last visit). TCZ had to be discontinued in a patient because of severe neutropenia. CONCLUSIONS: TCZ appears to be effective and relatively safe in patients with inflammatory aortitis refractory to corticosteroids or to other biologic immunosuppressive drugs.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Aortite , Interleucina-6/sangue , Prednisona , Receptores de Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Aortite/classificação , Aortite/diagnóstico , Aortite/tratamento farmacológico , Aortite/imunologia , Monitoramento de Medicamentos , Resistência a Medicamentos , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Espanha
20.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 8(6): 368-371, nov.-dic. 2012.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-106869

RESUMO

Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente que ingresó en nuestro servicio por clínica de poliartralgias, fiebre y lesiones cutáneas que afectaban a la región glútea y pretibial. Refería como antecedente la aplicación de inyecciones de silicona líquida en los glúteos con fines estéticos 3 años antes. Se realizó una biopsia cutánea de las lesiones en la región glútea, cuyo estudio anatomopatológico fue compatible con paniculitis facticia por silicona, así como de la región pretibial, que fueron compatibles con eritema nudoso. La radiografía de tórax y la tomografía torácica mostraron adenopatías hiliares bilaterales y en la biopsia transbronquial se evidenció un componente inflamatorio granulomatoso. La evolución fue satisfactoria con reposo y antiinflamatorios no esteroideos, por lo que no fue necesaria la extracción de la silicona (AU)


We herein report a patient who came to the hospital because of a polyarticular joint pain, fever and cutaneous lesions. She had silicone implants in her buttocks, a surgery performed 3 years before. We made a biopsy of the skin of the buttocks (facticial panniculitis due to silicone) and of the pretibial surface of the inferior extremities (erythema nodosum). A chest X- ray and a CT scan revealed bilateral hiliar lymphadenopathy, and a transbronquial biopsy showed granulomatous inflammation. She had a good response to rest and anti-inflammatory drugs, so the removal of the silicone implants has not been necessary yet (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Paniculite/complicações , Paniculite/diagnóstico , Elastômeros de Silicone/efeitos adversos , Géis de Silicone/efeitos adversos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Eritema Nodoso/complicações , Eritema Nodoso/diagnóstico , Paniculite/fisiopatologia , Paniculite , Eritema/complicações , Eritema/diagnóstico , Eritema/tratamento farmacológico
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