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1.
HLA ; 2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605215

RESUMO

There are controversial results about the role of "ex novo" HLA-DR expression by tumor cells and its correlation with the oncological outcomes. Unfortunately, little is known about HLA-DR expression in laryngeal cancer tumor cells. The main purpose of this retrospective study is to strengthen the usefulness of studying "ex novo" HLA-DR expression on tumor cells from primary laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) patients and investigate its correlation with clinical outcome. We analyzed HLA-DR expression by immunohistochemical analysis in 56 patients with LSCC. The "ex novo" HLA-DR expression on laryngeal cancer tumor cells, assessing non-neoplastic LSCC - adjacent tissue, and the association of HLA-DR expression (HLA-DR+) with clinical outcomes were investigated. HLA-DR+ tumor cells were detected in 18/56 LSCC patients (32.1%). All specimens of non-neoplastic laryngeal carcinoma-adjacent tissue resulted HLA-DR negative (HLA-DR-). A statistically significant association was observed between HLA-DR + and well differentiated tumors (G1) (p<0.001). The Kaplan-Meier method showed how HLA-DR+ is significantly associated with both a better disease specific survival (HLA-DR+=100% vs. HLA-DR-=77.4%; p=0.047) and a better relapse free survival (HLA-DR+=100% vs. HLA-DR-=72.3%; p=0.021). Cox regression univariate analysis for death of disease confirmed a higher HR for HLA-DR absence on the surface of epithelial tumor cell [HR:37.489; 95% CI:0.750-18730.776; p=0.253] and for high-grade (G3) tumors [HR:18.601; 95% CI:3.613-95.764; p<0.0001]. Our results confirm that MHC class II HLA-DR expression is activated in a sub-set of LSCC patients. Evaluation of HLA-DR expression in LSCC could be useful for prognosis and future approaches towards personalized therapy.

2.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 408, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compared to the other members of human epidermal growth factor family receptors (HER), the role of HER3 has not been well defined in laryngeal cancer. The predictive and prognostic role of HER3 has been the focus of clinical attention but the research findings are contradictory, especially in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). The variable localization of HER3 within cancer cells and the role of HER3 in primary and acquired resistance to HER1-targeted therapies remain unclear. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of two cohorts of 66 homogeneous consecutive untreated primary advanced LSCC patients, in which co-expression of HER1, HER2 and HER3 receptors was investigated by semi-quantitative immunohistochemistry. The association of their pattern of expression with survival was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier and Cox's proportional hazard analyses. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were developed to predict median 2- and 3-year RFS and 2.5- and 5-year OS. The Akaike information criterion technique and backwards stepwise procedure were used for model selections. The performance of the final Cox models was assessed with respect to calibration and discrimination. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical labeling for HER1 and HER2 was localized both in the cell membrane and in the cytoplasm, while HER3 labeling was observed both in the cell cytoplasm and in the nucleus. HER3 expression was inversely correlated with HER1 positivity. The expression patterns of HERs were associated with tumor differentiation. In both cohorts of patients, HER1 expression was associated with reduced relapse-free (RFS) and overall survival (OS). In HER1 positive tumors, the co-expression with nuclear HER3 was associated with better RFS and OS, compared with HER3 negative tumors or tumors expressing HER3 at cytoplasmic level. HER3 expressing tumors had a higher Geminin/MCM7 ratio than HER3 negative ones, regardless of HER1 co-expression. Multivariable analyses identified age at diagnosis, tumor site, HER1, HER3 and age at diagnosis, tumor stage, HER1, HER3, as covariates significantly associated with RFS and OS, respectively. Bootstrapping verified the good fitness of these models for predicting survivals and the optimism-corrected C-indices were 0.76 and 0.77 for RFS and OS, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Nuclear HER3 expression was strongly associated with favourable prognosis and allows to improve the prognostic stratification of patients with HER1 positive advanced LSCC carcinoma.

3.
Riv Psichiatr ; 56(3): 149-156, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196632

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Multimedia Psychotherapy is a new form of brief psychotherapy based on narrative medicine and ethnopsychoanalytic theories, developed to help patients affected by prolonged grief disorder (ICD-11). It consists of eight sessions, during which an 'audio-video memory object' is produced by using pictures, video clips, and music chosen by the bereaved patient. The audio-video montage is focused on remembering the deceased relative and help the patient to move on. Considering initial positive results, we ran a first controlled pilot study comparing experimental and control group. METHODS: We enrolled a sample of bereaved patients who were referred for prolonged grief disorder (ICD-11) by their general practitioners or psychiatrists. Patients were randomly assigned to the experimental group (n=18) or to the control group (n=18). Patients in the experimental group received psycho-pharmacological therapy and multimedia psychotherapy, while patients in the control group received psycho-pharmacological therapy and psycho-oncological support. All patients were assessed with Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) and Prolonged Grief-13 (PG-13) prior to beginning treatment (pre-treatment), and with PG-13 after six months from the end of the treatment (post-treatment). RESULTS: Patients in the experimental group (i.e., Multimedia Psychotherapy treatment) after six months performed better than patients in the control group in Criteria B, D, and E of PG-13 (i.e.: Separation Distress, Cognitive, Emotional, and Behavioral Symptoms, Functional Impairment). DISCUSSION: We will discuss our results, issues related to the screening of patients (due to possible contraindications of Multimedia Psychotherapy), and methodological limitations. Finally, we will discuss new future applications in other clinical situations. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that multimedia psychotherapy may hold promise for the treatment of prolonged grief disorder (ICD-11).

4.
Brain Behav ; 11(8): e02074, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Tinnitus is a common symptom largely impactful on quality of life, especially in the elderly. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of self-administered screening tests to correlate the severity of subjective perception of tinnitus with emotional disorders and the overall cognitive status. METHODS: Patients aged ≥ 55 years with chronic tinnitus were recruited and submitted to a complete audiological evaluation; Tinnitus Handicap inventory (THI); Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-A and HADS-D) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Demographic and audiological features of patients with and without cognitive impairment (MMSE score cut-off of 24/30) were analyzed in order to reveal the relationship among tinnitus, emotional disorders, and cognitive dysfunction. RESULTS: 102 patients were recruited (mean age: 70.4 ± 9.6). THI score was directly related to HADS-A score (r = .63) HADS-D score (r = .66), whereas there was no relationship between tinnitus severity and MMSE (r = .13). CI and n-CI groups did not differ in the characteristics of tinnitus (p > .05), however, hearing threshold (p = .049) and anxious depressive traits measured with HADS-A (p = .044) and HADS-D (p = .016) were significantly higher in the group with cognitive impairment. Furthermore, age ≥ 75 years (p = .002, OR = 13.8), female sex (p = .032; OR = 6.5), severe hearing loss (p = .036; OR = 2.3), and anxiety (p = .029; OR = 9.2) resulted risk factors for CI. Therefore, in CI group MMSE score was inversely related to age (r = -.84). CONCLUSIONS: Cognitive impairment and psychiatric discomfort should be considered in tinnitus patients, related to increasing age, female sex, and severe hearing loss. Thus, self-administered questionnaires can be useful in addressing clinical approach.


Assuntos
Zumbido , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Zumbido/epidemiologia
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297013

RESUMO

Objective: Polidocanol sclerotherapy of head and neck venous malformations (VMs) and lymphatic malformations (LMs) has been reported only in limited series. In this manuscript we evaluated the efficacy and safety of polidocanol sclerotherapy in a series of head and neck venous and lymphatic malformations. Methods: This retrospective observational study analysed data on 20 head and neck VMs and LMs that underwent to percutaneous or endoscopic intra-lesional 3% polidocanol microfoam sclerotherapy at our institution. Clinical response was ranked as excellent, moderate and poor based on volume reduction by MRI and resolution of symptoms. Results: The median volume decreased from 19.3 mL to 5.8 mL after sclerotherapy (mean volume reduction: 72.98 ± 16.1%). An excellent-moderate response was observed in 94.4% of cases. We observed a mean volume reduction of 79.5 ± 16.1 in macrocystic LMs, of 76.1 ± 13.0% in VMs, of 60.5 ± 10.9% in mixed lymphatic ones and 42.5% in microcystic lymphatic ones. Conclusions: Polidocanol sclerotherapy appears to be an effective and safe treatment for venous and lymphatic head and neck malformations. We observed the best responses in macrocystic LMs and VMs, whereas mixed lymphatic ones showed a moderate response and microcystic lymphatic ones a poor response.

12.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 147: 110799, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34153930

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: allergy may be an important risk factor for adenotonsillar disease in children, although conflicting results have been reported in the literature. In previous articles, authors often failed in distinguishing between adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy and recurrent tonsillitis and in not discriminating between isolated or combined adenoid and tonsillar hypertrophy. AIM: to evaluate clinical evidence and biomarkers linking allergy to different phenotypes of adeno-tonsillar disease. Furthermore, we questioned whether anti-allergy treatment might prevent occurrence of adeno-tonsillar disease or improve its specific management. METHODS: our systematic review, in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) process, yielded 1010 articles finally screened. This resulted in 21 full texts that were included in a qualitative analysis. RESULTS: literature data support the association between allergy and combined adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy and isolated adenoid hypertrophy, whereas describe a mainly negative correlation between allergy and isolated tonsillar hypertrophy. The results of this review suggest that local allergic inflammation may play a role in adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy. Data correlating bacterial recurrent tonsillitis and allergy are few, although evidence from the lab revealed that allergy might suppress innate immunity in tonsillar tissue by reducing levels of anti-microbial proteins. CONCLUSION: basing on our qualitative analyses allergy should not be misdiagnosed in children with combined adenotonsillar hypertrophy or isolated adenoid hypertrophy, whereas evidence do not support a link between allergy and isolated tonsil hypertrophy. Finally, some data support a link between allergy and recurrent adeno-tonsillar infection although future studies are required to confirm this data. We summarized our conclusions in a practical algorithm.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade , Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Biomarcadores , Criança , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/complicações , Hipersensibilidade/diagnóstico , Hipertrofia , Tonsila Palatina , Tonsilite/complicações , Tonsilite/diagnóstico , Tonsilite/terapia
13.
J Clin Med ; 10(6)2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess diagnostic accuracy and reliability of narrow band imaging (NBI) in the differential diagnosis of laryngeal premalignant lesion, early cancers and recurrences. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 231 patients who underwent endoscopic examination with white light endoscopy (WLE) + NBI and divided them into two groups, group A, without previous radiochemotherapy and group B, with previous radiochemotherapy. When indicated, we performed surgical biopsies to evaluate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), accuracy and likelihood of endoscopic examination comparing WLE alone and WLE + NBI. RESULTS: A positive NBI lesion, compared with a negative NBI lesion, had a 29.68 (group A) and 13.96 (group B) times higher probability to be histologically positive (i.e., confirmed) compared with WLE alone improving the diagnostic accuracy. In group A, the NBI mode showed excellent sensitivity (95.0%), which was higher than WLE 2 mode (77.5%). However, the greatest differences were recorded regarding specificity (96.8% vs. 40.6%). In group B, both NBI alone and WLE + NBI mode showed a 94.1% specificity compared with WLE alone, which had a maximum specificity of 85.3%. The mode comparison between NBI and WLE in both groups showed a statistically significant difference, with p-values <0.0001. CONCLUSIONS: NBI represents a reliable technology in challenging situations, especially in the context of post-radiotherapy or post-surgical mucosal changes showing a high NPV. NBI could reduce the number of unnecessary biopsies related to increased microvascular anomaly revelation, which could help to identify early-stage lesions suitable for minimally invasive surgery and, consequently, decrease hospital admissions.

14.
Cytopathology ; 32(4): 407-415, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33501764

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a well-established diagnostic procedure for head and neck masses not clearly originating from mucosal or cutaneous surfaces. We analysed head and neck masses evaluated over a 2-year period, to assess the reliability of FNAC for the evaluation of malignancy. METHODS: We enrolled all patients undergoing FNAC, from April 2013 to July 2015, in a single service of a large Italian university hospital. Relevant clinical data and ultrasonographic parameters of the lesions were recorded. We performed both conventional and thin-prep smears. Clinical presentation, ultrasonographic features and final cytology diagnoses were analysed and correlated with histology. RESULTS: The series included 301 lesions in 285 patients, with a single (94.4%) or two (5.6%) lesions. Only eight samples were considered non-diagnostic/inadequate (2.6%). Among the cases, 139 FNAC (46.1%) underwent surgery. Cytological-histological correspondence was found in 89% of the cases. Concerning malignancy, we documented less than 4% false positives and less than 2.5% false negatives, with 92.7% sensitivity and 94.6% specificity. CONCLUSION: FNAC diagnosis can be highly specific. Most importantly, it is highly reliable in assessing malignancy, thus defining the priority and guiding the management procedures.

15.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 165(3): 446-454, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400627

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Periprosthetic leakage represents the most demanding long-term complication in the voice prosthesis rehabilitation. The aim of this article is to discuss the various causes of periprosthetic leakage and to propose a systematic management algorithm. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Otolaryngology clinic of the University Polyclinic A. Gemelli-IRCCS Foundation. METHODS: The study included 115 patients with voice prosthesis who were treated from December 2014 to December 2019. All patients who experienced periprosthetic leakage were treated with the same step-by-step therapeutic approach until it was successful. Incidence, management, and success rate of every attempt are analyzed and discussed. RESULTS: Periprosthetic leakage was reported 330 times by 82 patients in 1374 clinic accesses. Radiotherapy, timing of tracheoesophageal puncture, and type of total laryngectomy (primary or salvage) did not influence the incidence of periprosthetic leakage. Salvage total laryngectomy increases the risk of more clinically relevant leakages. CONCLUSION: By using a systematic algorithm with a step-by-step standardized approach, periprosthetic leakage management could become a less treacherous issue.

16.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427617

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may affect the postural control through abnormal sensory inputs and impaired motor responses. Sensory Organization Test (SOT) objectively evaluates contribution of different sensorial afferences in postural control. The aim of the study is to assess mechanisms of postural instability and their relations with disability and disease characteristics in an early RA(ERA) cohort. METHODS: The equilibrium scores were assessed in 30 ERA patients and 30 age- and sex-matched controls. The somatosensory (SOM), visual (VIS) and vestibular (VEST) ratios were computed to assess the use of different sensory and the composite equilibrium score (CES) as a measure of global balance performance. RESULTS: ERA patients had lower CES (78.4±6.0% vs. 83.4±5.0%, p=0.002), SOM ratio (98.5±1.8% vs. 99.6±2.1%, p=0.035), VIS ratio (85.2±7.6% vs. 91.5±6.0%, p=0.001) and VEST ratio (70.8±10.0% vs. 80.3±7.8%, p<0.001) compared to controls. The presence of ankle arthritis correlated negatively to both SOM (r=-0.369, p=0.045) and VIS ratio (r=0.470, p=0.009), pain severity to CES (r=-0.389, p=0.045) and VIS ratio (r=-0.385, p=0.048) and HAQ-DI to CES (r=-0.591, p=0.001), SOM (r=-0.510, p=0.004) and VIS ratio (r=-0.390, p=0.033.). Patients-reported postural instability was associated with lower CES (75.4±5.4% vs. 80.7±5.5%, p=0.016) and VEST ratios (66.5±10.1% vs. 74.1±8.8%, p=0.036). SOT outcomes did not differ according to acute phase reactants, disease activity or autoantibody positivity. CONCLUSIONS: RA patients showed an early impairment of postural control related to the degree of disability and subjective postural instability. Our data suggest that the lack of balance could result from both impaired motor response and abnormal sensory organisation.

17.
Endocrine ; 73(1): 98-106, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405016

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The surgical thyroid disease includes upper aerodigestive complaints with not homogenous prevalence and specific features. The purpose was to analyze before and after total thyroidectomy (TT) the prevalence and severity of voice, swallowing, respiratory, and reflux airway symptoms in relation with thyroid weight. METHODS: A total of 98 consenting patients undergoing TT were enrolled. Preoperatively, 1 and 3 months after TT, patients underwent videolaryngoscopy, subjective evaluation of voice (VIS), swallowing (SIS and EAT-10), respiratory (mMRC), and reflux symptoms (RSI, Gerd-Q). The scores were analyzed based on thyroid weight (<25 gr, 26-50 gr, 51-75 gr, >75 gr) and post-operative score gain was calculated from the score before TT and the follow-up examination. RESULTS: In total, 40/98 selected cases of uncomplicated TT completed the postoperative evaluation. Endoscopic signs suggestive of reflux disease were observed in 1/40 (2.5%) and 0/19 cases before and after TT respectively. The prevalence of cases with abnormal reflux symptom index decreased significantly after surgery (8/40 vs 1/40) (p < 0.05), similarly occurred for the Gerd-Q (4/40 vs 1/40) (p < 0.05). Three months after TT the voice, swallowing and respiratory scores were significantly lower than the preoperative ones (p < 0.05). The SIS correlated positively with EAT-10 and RSI. After 3 months the postoperative score gain of voice, swallowing, respiratory, and reflux symptoms (Gerd-Q) was statistically higher (p < 0.05) in the cases with heaviest gland. CONCLUSIONS: The surgical thyroid disease is associated to mild aerodigestive preoperative compressive symptoms, that include respiratory abnormalities and reflux like symptoms, regardless of the gland weight. In absence of endoscopic signs of airway reflux the presence of reflux symptoms suggests an overlapping with thyroid neck complaints. The patients undergoing uncomplicated TT had improvement in compressive symptoms and the greatest improvement is seen in larger goiters.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Distúrbios da Voz , Transtornos de Deglutição/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos
18.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 17(1): 4-13, 2021 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663057

RESUMO

Immunotherapy can be used for cutaneous, mucosal, uveal and conjunctival melanoma. Nevertheless, we cannot expect the same benefit from checkpoint inhibitors for all the types of melanoma. The different biological features can explain the variable efficacy. The main results obtained with immune checkpoint inhibitors in the various types of melanoma were reviewed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Túnica Conjuntiva , Melanoma , Neoplasias Uveais , Neoplasias da Túnica Conjuntiva/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Imunoterapia , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Uveais/tratamento farmacológico
19.
Int J Audiol ; 60(5): 393-397, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959692

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of vestibular vertigo, with post-traumatic origin in about 15% of cases. Management and prognosis of traumatic BPPV (T-BPPV) are still debated, especially about recurrence. The aim was to compare T-BPPV to idiopathic (I-BPPV). DESIGN AND STUDY SAMPLE: We analysed data about 795 BPPV patients: 716 idiopathic (90%) and 79 post-traumatic (10%), evaluating clinical history and bedside-examination, treating all patients with repositioning manoeuvres and reassessing them until the resolution of symptoms and nystagmus. RESULTS: Persistence rate in T-BPPV and I-BPPV patients was significantly different (p = 0.0074, OR = 2.31), respectively 12.6% and 5%. Also the rate of bilateral disease (p = 0.0063, OR = 4.72) and multicanalar involvement (p = 0.0183; OR = 4.67) were significantly higher in T-BPPV patients . There were no significant differences in age and sex distribution, side and canal interested. In T-BPPV group, the resolution rate with one manoeuvre was lower than I-BPPV (p = 0.0132: OR: 0,56). Recurrence rate was 38% in the T-BPPV group and 30.6% in the I-BPPV group, without significant difference. CONCLUSIONS: T-BPPV resulted different from I-BPPV in the resolution rate, bilateral or multiple canal involvement and persistence rate. T-BPPV and I-BPPV does not differ for recurrence rate, suggesting that, after resolution, the natural course of post-traumatic and idiopathic BPPV is similar.

20.
Clin Otolaryngol ; 46(1): 189-195, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876387

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The primary end point of this study was to evaluate the impact of bile acids on severity of laryngo-pharyngeal reflux (LPR) and the possible correlation with esophagitis and upper airway malignancies. The second end point was to evaluate if salivary bile acids and molecules other than pepsin might serve as diagnostic biomarkers of LPR. DESIGN: Observational prospective comparative study. SETTING: Otorhinolaryngology unit of a tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-two consecutive adult outpatients suspected of LPR. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Bile acids, bilirubin and pepsinogen I-II were measured in saliva. Patients underwent pH metry and based on the results of bile acids were subdivided as acid, mixed and alkaline LPR. RESULTS: Significantly higher Reflux Findings Score (RFS) and Reflux Symptoms Index (RSI) were seen in patients with alkaline and mixed LPR compared to acid LPR. Salivary bile acids >1 µmol/L seem to be a reliable indicator of the severity of LPR. Compared to those without, patients with esophagitis or a history of upper airway malignancy have high concentrations of bile acids in saliva. Among the molecules studied, bile acids were the most suitable for diagnosis of LPR, with a sensitivity of 86% and a positive predictive value of 80.7%. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that high concentrations of bile acids are associated with higher values of RSI and RFS in LPR as well as a higher risk of esophagitis and history of upper airway malignancies. We finally observed that bile acids provided the best biometric parameters for diagnosis of LPR among the molecules tested.

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