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Nanoscale ; 10(40): 18995-19003, 2018 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29845139


The interaction between superconductivity and magnetism in spatially confined heterostructures of thin film multilayers is investigated in the ferromagnetic manganite La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 (LCMO) and the high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O7-δ (YBCO) mediated by an intermediate insulating SrTiO3 (STO) layer. The STO layer is used to mediate and tune the range of interactions between the ferromagnet and superconductor. A magnetically depleted layer with zero-magnetisation within the LCMO layer is shown by polarised neutron reflectometry measurements. This zero-magnetisation layer is caused by the onset of superconductivity in YBCO despite being separated by an insulating layer with a thickness much larger than the superconducting coherence length. The magnetic field dependence of this interaction is also explored. We show that the magnetism of the depleted layer can be restored by applying a magnetic field that partially destroys the superconductivity in YBCO, restricting the electronic interaction between the materials.

Sci Rep ; 7: 40235, 2017 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28067331


The dynamics of transient current distributions in superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-δ thin films were investigated during and immediately following an external field ramp, using high-speed (real-time) Magneto-Optical Imaging and calculation of dynamic current profiles. A number of qualitatively unique and previously unobserved features are seen in this novel analysis of the evolution of supercurrent during penetration. As magnetic field ramps up from zero, the dynamic current profile is characterized by strong peaks, the magnitude of which exceed the conventional critical current density (as determined from static current profiles). These peaks develop close to the sample edges, initially resembling screening currents but quickly growing in intensity as the external field increases. A discontinuity in field and current behaviour is newly observed, indicating a novel transition from increasing peak current toward relaxation behaviour. After this transition, the current peaks move toward the centre of the sample while reducing in intensity as magnetic vortices penetrate inward. This motion slows exponentially with time, with the current distribution in the long-time limit reducing to the expected Kim-model profile.

Sci Rep ; 5: 8677, 2015 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25728772


The glass-like vortex distribution in pulsed laser deposited YBa2Cu3O(7-x) thin films is observed by scanning superconducting quantum interference device microscopy and analysed for ordering after cooling in magnetic fields significantly smaller than the Earth's field. Autocorrelation calculations on this distribution show a weak short-range positional order, while Delaunay triangulation shows a near-complete lack of orientational order. The distribution of these vortices is finally characterised as an isotropic vortex glass. Abnormally closely spaced groups of vortices, which are statistically unlikely to occur, are observed above a threshold magnetic field. The origin of these groups is discussed, but will require further investigation.

ACS Nano ; 7(1): 286-93, 2013 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23241017


We have investigated superlattices consisting of up to 30 epitaxial nanomultilayers (3-7 nm thick) of ferromagnetic La(2/3)Ca(1/3)MnO(3) (LCMO) and insulating SrTiO(3) (STO) hybrids. The superlattices demonstrate dramatic shifts of Curie temperature, indicating the possibility of its tunability. The metal-insulator transition (MIT) has been observed around 140 K. Below the MIT temperature, the superlattices have shown sharp drops of resistivity, facilitating the largest and sharpest magnetoresistance peaks (>2000%) ever observed in LCMO films and superlattices at low temperatures. The observed experimental results can be explained in the frame of the phase separation model in manganites with well-organized structures. The results of magnetic and transport measurements of such hybrid structures are discussed, indicating a magnetodielectric effect in STO interlayers. The magnetic and transport properties of the superlattices are shown to be technology-dependent, experiencing dimensional transitions, which enables the creation of structures with prescribed magnetoresistance characteristics for a broad range of applications.

Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Impedância Elétrica , Campos Magnéticos , Teste de Materiais , Tamanho da Partícula