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1.
Exp Eye Res ; 185: 107664, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085182

RESUMO

HSV-1 infection in corneal epithelium initiates the process of herpes simplex keratitis. We investigated the dynamic change of the host proteins in corneal epithelial cells infected with HSV-1 to understand the virus-host interaction. iTRAQ coupled with LC-MS/MS was applied to quantitatively analyze the protein profiles in HSV-1 infected corneal epithelial cells at 6 and 24 h post-infection (hpi), and the results were validated by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). We also performed bioinformatic analysis to investigate the potentially important signal pathways and protein interaction networks in the host response to HSV-1 infection. We identified 292 proteins were up-regulated and 168 proteins were down-regulated at 6 hpi, while 132 proteins were up-regulated and 89 proteins were down-regulated at 24 hpi, which were validated by MRM analysis. We found the most enriched GO terms were translational initiation, cytosol, poly(A) RNA binding, mRNA splicing via spliceosome and extracellular exosome for the dysregulated proteins. KEGG pathway analysis revealed significant changes in metabolism pathway characterized by decreased tricarboxylic acid cycle activity and increased glycolysis. Proteins interaction network analysis indicated several proteins including P4HB, ACLY, HSP90AA1 and EIF4A3, might be critical proteins in the host-virus response. Our study for the first time analyzed the protein profile of HSV-1 infected primary corneal epithelial cells by quantitative proteomics. These findings help to better understand the host-virus interaction and the pathogenesis of herpes simplex keratitis.

2.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(7): 11440-11450, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30548582

RESUMO

microRNAs (miRs) are essential in the development of heart failure. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of microRNA-330 (miR-330) on left ventricular remodeling via the TGF-ß1/Smad3 signaling pathway by targeting the sex-determining region Y (SRY) in mice with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI). Differentially expressed gene (DEG) in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) was screened out and the miR that targeted the DEG was also predicted and verified. A model of MIRI was established to detect the expression of miR-330, SRY, transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß1), and Sekelsky mothers against dpp3 (Smad3). To further investigate the role of miR-330 in MIRI with the involvement of SRY and TGF-ß1/Smad3 signaling pathway, the modeled mice were treated with different mimic, inhibitor, or small interfering RNA (siRNA) to observe the changes of the related gene expression, as well as the myocardial infarction size and volume of myocardial collagen. SRY was screened out and verified as a target gene of miR-330. The MIRI mice showed enlarged myocardial infarction size, increased volume of myocardial collagen, increased expression of miR-330, TGF-ß1 and Smad3, while decreased the expression of SRY. The MIRI mice treated with miR-330 inhibitor showed decreased myocardial infarction size, the volume of myocardial collagen, and expression of TGF-ß1 and Smad3 but promoted expression of SRY. Our findings demonstrated that downregulated miR-330 could suppress left ventricular remodeling to inhibit the activation of the TGF-ß1/Smad3 signaling pathway via negatively targeting of SRY in mice with MIRI. This can be a potential target in the strategy to attenuate patient suffering.

3.
Curr Eye Res ; 43(12): 1422-1431, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30032655

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated to have important regulatory functions in diverse cellular processes; however, the role of lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of herpes simplex keratitis (HSK) remains poorly understood. METHODS: Primary human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) were infected with herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) and the total RNAs extracted from both the infected group and the mock-infected group subjected to microarray analysis to identify the differential expression of lncRNAs and mRNAs. We also performed bioinformatic analysis including gene ontology (GO) analysis, pathway analysis and co-expression network analysis. RESULTS: Compared with mock-infected group, the expression of thousands of lncRNAs and mRNAs were significantly changed, and the microarray results were validated by qRT-PCR. The most enriched GOs targeted by up-regulated transcripts were defense response, intrinsic component of plasma membrane and cytokine activity,and the most enriched GOs targeted by the down-regulated transcripts were cellular metabolic process, intracellular part and poly (A) RNA binding. Pathway analysis indicated that the most correlated pathways for up- and down-regulated transcripts were cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction and RNA transport, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified the genome-wide profile of lncRNAs and mRNAs expression in primary corneal epithelial cells with HSV-1 infection. These transcriptomic data together with subsequent bioinformatic analysis will provide us with novel clue to the insight into molecular mechanism and potential therapeutic targets of HSK. Further studies are expected to verify the potentially functional genes and pathways and explore the critical lncRNAs. ABBREVIATIONS: Long noncoding RNAs: lncRNAs; herpes simplex virus-1: HSV-1; herpes simplex virus keratitis: HSK; human corneal epithelial cells: HCECs.

4.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 481, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29616003

RESUMO

Rapid identification and determination of the antibiotic susceptibility profiles of the infectious agents in patients with bloodstream infections are critical steps in choosing an effective targeted antibiotic for treatment. However, there has been minimal effort focused on developing combined methods for the simultaneous direct identification and antibiotic susceptibility determination of bacteria in positive blood cultures. In this study, we constructed a lysis-centrifugation-wash procedure to prepare a bacterial pellet from positive blood cultures, which can be used directly for identification by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and antibiotic susceptibility testing by the Vitek 2 system. The method was evaluated using a total of 129 clinical bacteria-positive blood cultures. The whole sample preparation process could be completed in <15 min. The correct rate of direct MALDI-TOF MS identification was 96.49% for gram-negative bacteria and 97.22% for gram-positive bacteria. Vitek 2 antimicrobial susceptibility testing of gram-negative bacteria showed an agreement rate of antimicrobial categories of 96.89% with a minor error, major error, and very major error rate of 2.63, 0.24, and 0.24%, respectively. Category agreement of antimicrobials against gram-positive bacteria was 92.81%, with a minor error, major error, and very major error rate of 4.51, 1.22, and 1.46%, respectively. These results indicated that our direct antibiotic susceptibility analysis method worked well compared to the conventional culture-dependent laboratory method. Overall, this fast, easy, and accurate method can facilitate the direct identification and antibiotic susceptibility testing of bacteria in positive blood cultures.

5.
Nanotoxicology ; 12(4): 312-324, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29463199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cornea is the outmost structure of the eye and exposed directly to the air pollution. However, little is known about the effect of PM2.5 on corneal epithelium, which is critical for maintenance of cornea homeostasis and visual function. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the influence of PM2.5 exposure on corneal epithelial migration and the possible mechanisms involved in the process. METHODS: We observed wound healing in mouse model of cornea abrasion, evaluated the migration and mobility of cultured corneal epithelial cells with wound scratch assay and Transwell migration assay, detected the phosphorylation and interaction of FAK/paxillin with immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation, and determined the RhoA activity and actin reorganization, in response to PM2.5 exposure. RESULTS: Exposure to PM2.5 remarkably inhibited corneal epithelial cell migration both in mouse model of corneal abrasion and in cell culture model. We found the phosphorylation and interaction of FAK/paxillin, RhoA activity as well as actin reorganization were suppressed by PM2.5 exposure. Moreover, formation of ROS might play a role in the action of PM2.5. CONCLUSIONS: PM2.5 exposure could result in delay of corneal epithelium wound healing by inhibiting cell migration, thus more attention should be paid to the potential risk of corneal infection and effort should be made to protect eyes against impairment induced by PM2.5.

6.
Cardiology ; 141(4): 226-232, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30852569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postinfarction ventricular septal rupture (PI-VSR) is a rare but devastating complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Risk stratification in the acute phase is crucial for decision-making, and this study analyzed the risk factors for early mortality and the effects of various management options on the outcome of PI-VSR patients in the era of percutaneous intervention. METHODS: A total of 96 patients with PI-VSR were identified and divided into an acute-phase survivor group (n = 46, survived ≥2 weeks after admission) and a nonsurvivor group (n = 50, died within 2 weeks after admission). Percutaneous closure was considered in acute-phase survivors. Patients were followed up for a mean 47 (quartiles 15-71) months by clinical visit or telephone interview. RESULTS: The overall acute-phase (i.e., < 2 weeks after the diagnosis of PI-VSR) mortality rate was 52%. Female sex and Killip Class III-IV at admission were associated with an increased risk of acute-phase death. Of the 46 patients who survived ≥2 weeks, 20 underwent interventional occlusion and the procedure was successful in 19. Percutaneous closure in the acute-phase survivor group improved the immediate (21% in-hospital mortality rate) and long-term (53% mortality) outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with PI-VSR are at a high risk of acute-phase mortality. Female sex and severe cardiac dysfunction at admission are linked with a high rate of acute-phase deaths. Percutaneous closure in acute-phase survivors results in favorable short- and long-term benefits for PI-VSR patients.

7.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 10(6): 973-981, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28730091

RESUMO

Pterygium is a common ocular surface disease induced by a variety of factors. The exact pathogenesis of pterygium remains unclear. Numbers of genes and proteins are discovered in pterygium and they function differently in the occurrence and development of this disease. We searched the Web of Science and PubMed throughout history for literatures about the subject. The keywords we used contain pterygium, gene, protein, angiogenesis, fibrosis, proliferation, inflammation, pathogenesis and therapy. In this review, we summarize the aberrant expression of a range of genes and proteins in pterygium compared with normal conjunctiva or cornea, including growth factors, matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases, interleukins, tumor suppressor genes, proliferation related proteins, apoptosis related proteins, cell adhesion molecules, extracellular matrix proteins, heat shock proteins and tight junction proteins. We illustrate their possible mechanisms in the pathogenesis of pterygium as well as the related intervention based on them for pterygium therapy.

8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 203: 101-109, 2017 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28341247

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Oviductus ranae (OR) is a traditional animal-based Chinese medicine, which has been listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia since 1985 edition. Although its medicinal application has been widely acknowledged, there is little available information on its potential toxicity. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to investigate the acute, sub-acute, and genetic toxicities of OR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In acute toxicity evaluation, OR was administered orally to mice at doses of 2.5, 5.0, 10.0, and 20.0g/kg BW for one time. Mortality, clinical signs, and body weight were observed for 14 days after treatment. In sub-acute toxicity evaluation, OR was administered orally to rats once a day for 28 consecutive days at doses of 1.75, 3.50, and 7.00g/kg BW. Animals were observed for general behaviors, mortality, food intake, and body weight changes. At the end of treatment, relative organ weight, pathology, hematological and biochemical parameters were monitored. In genotoxicity evaluation, bacterial reverse mutation assay (Ames test) was performed by treating OR with four different Salmonella typhimurium strains at doses of 8, 40, 200, 1000, and 5000µg/plate without or with S-9 mix, respectively. The genotoxicity of OR was also evaluated by micronucleus and sperm malformation assays in mice at doses of 2.5, 5.0, and 10.0g/kg BW, respectively. RESULTS: The results of acute toxicity study showed that the LD50 value of OR is higher than 20.0g/kg BW in mice. Death and abnormal clinical symptoms were not found during the period of experiment. In sub-acute toxicity, we found that the no-observed-adverse-effect levels (NOAEL) of OR in rats is up to 7.00g/kg BW. No statistically significant or toxicologically relevant defferences in body weight, food intake, relative organ weight, pathology, hematological and biochemical parameters were observed, when compared with control group. Results of Ames test, micronucleus and sperm malformation assays indicated that OR has no mutagenicity in vitro at a limited dose of 5000µg/plate, and dose not induce micronuclei and sperm malformation in mice at the dose of up to 10.0g/kg BW in mice. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, OR is a tranditional Chinese medicine with high safety.


Assuntos
Materia Medica/toxicidade , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/efeitos adversos , Administração Oral , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Dose Letal Mediana , Masculino , Materia Medica/administração & dosagem , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Testes de Mutagenicidade , Nível de Efeito Adverso não Observado , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda , Testes de Toxicidade Subcrônica
9.
Environ Geochem Health ; 39(2): 417-429, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27975327

RESUMO

To study the influence of long-term pesticide application on the distribution of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in the soil-groundwater system, 19 soil samples and 19 groundwater samples were collected from agricultural area with long-term pesticide application history in Northern China. Results showed that the composition of OCPs changed significantly from soil to groundwater. For example, ∑DDT, ∑HCH, and ∑heptachlor had high levels in the soil and low levels in the groundwater; in contrast, endrin had low level in the soil and high level in the groundwater. Further study showed that OCP distribution in the soil was significantly influenced by its residue time, soil organic carbon level, and small soil particle contents (i.d. <0.0002 mm). Correlation analysis also indicates that the distribution of OCPs in the groundwater was closely related to the levels of OCPs in the soil layer, which may act as a pollution source.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/análise , Praguicidas/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Agricultura/métodos , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Solo/química , Verduras
10.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 57(8): 3723-30, 2016 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27415790

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify the differently expressed micro (mi) RNAs in pterygium compared with normal conjunctiva and investigate the potential role of miRNAs in the pathogenesis of pterygium. METHODS: With microRNA microarray and quantitative RT-PCR, we identified that microRNA-122 (miR-122) was significantly decreased in pterygium tissue. We detected the expression of Bcl-w, a predicted target of miR-122, in both pterygium and normal conjunctiva, as well as its correlation with the expression of miR-122. Pterygium epithelial cells were isolated and cultured, and transfected with miR-122 mimic or miR-122 inhibitor to change the miR-122 levels. The regulation of Bcl-w expression by miR-122 was examined with luciferase activity assay, quantitative (q) RT-PCR, and Western blot. The effect of the miR-122 on the apoptosis of cultured pterygium epithelial cells was investigated with TUNEL staining and caspase activity assay. RESULTS: We found the expression of Bcl-w, with an inverse correlation with the expression of miR-122, was significantly increased in pterygium, especially in the superficial layer of epithelium. In cultured pterygium epithelial cells, miR-122 could specifically combine with Bcl-w mRNA, and negatively regulated the expression of Bcl-w. Suppression of miR-122 could reduce apoptosis and caspase activity in pterygium epithelial cell treated with TNFα/cycloheximide (CHX), and this effect was abolished by inhibition of the expression of Bcl-w with specific siRNA. CONCLUSIONS: Decreased expression of miR-122 in pterygium might result in abnormal cell apoptosis via its regulation of the expression of Bcl-w, and subsequently contribute to the development of pterygium.


Assuntos
Apoptose/fisiologia , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Pterígio/etiologia , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Caspases/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Túnica Conjuntiva/metabolismo , Cicloeximida/farmacologia , Regulação para Baixo/fisiologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Inibidores da Síntese de Proteínas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia
11.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 57(7): 3093-102, 2016 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27286367

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the genotoxic effect of airborne particulate matter on corneal epithelial cells and investigate the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in this process. METHODS: Immortalized human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) and primary bovine corneal epithelial cells were exposed to airborne particulate matter collected from Guangzhou for 24 hours. The cell viability and toxicity were measured by the CCK-8 test and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, respectively. The DNA breaks and DNA repair were examined by alkaline comet assay and by immunofluorescence staining of the phosphorylated histone variant H2AX (γH2AX), respectively. Reactive oxygen species production was assessed by the fluorescent probe, CM-H2DCFDA. Cell senescence was evaluated with senescence-associated ß-Galactosidase staining, and cell ultrastructure was observed with transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: Exposure to PM2.5 at the concentration of 20 µg/mL to 200 µg/mL decreased cell viability and increased LDH release. Remarkably increased DNA double-stand breaks, increased expression of DNA repair-related protein γH2AX, elevated ROS formation, and altered cell ultrastructure were observed in HCECs after treatment with PM2.5. The genotoxic effect of PM2.5 was attenuated by the ROS inhibitor N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC). CONCLUSIONS: Particulate matter 2.5 could induce DNA damage and cell senescence in corneal epithelial cells, probably by promoting ROS formation. Thus, whether long-term exposure of PM2.5 might be related to potential risk of abnormality in corneal epithelium renewal and regeneration should be further investigated.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Senescência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Epitélio Anterior/citologia , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Animais , Bovinos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , China , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/ultraestrutura , Epitélio Anterior/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
12.
Int J Phytoremediation ; 18(11): 1155-63, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27216539

RESUMO

Selecting plant species that can overcome unfavorable conditions and increase the recovery of degraded mined lands remains a challenge. A pot experiment was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of using transplanted tree seedlings for the phytoremediation of lead/zinc and copper mine tailings. One-year-old bare-root of woody species (Rhus chinensis Mill, Quercus acutissima Carruth, Liquidambar formosana Hance, Vitex trifolia Linn. var. simplicifolia Cham, Lespedeza cuneata and Amorpha fruticosa Linn) were transplanted into pots with mine tailings and tested as potential metal-tolerant plants. Seedling survival, plant growth, root trait, nutrient uptake, and metal accumulation and translocation were assessed. The six species grew in both tailings and showed different tolerance level. A. fruticosa was highly tolerant of Zn, Pb and Cu, and grew normally in both tailings. Metal concentrations were higher in the roots than in the shoots of the six species. All of the species had low bioconcentration and translocation factor values. However, R. chinensis and L. formosana had significantly higher translocation factor values for Pb (0.88) and Zn (1.78) than the other species. The nitrogen-fixing species, A. fruticosa, had the highest tolerance and biomass production, implying that it has great potential in the phytoremediation of tailing areas in southern China.


Assuntos
Cobre/metabolismo , Chumbo/metabolismo , Magnoliopsida/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Zinco/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , China , Magnoliopsida/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Magnoliopsida/fisiologia , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plântula/fisiologia , Especificidade da Espécie
13.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 35(10): 2940-5, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26904847

RESUMO

The characteristics of fluorescence spectra of dissolved organic matter (DOM) derived from composting is one of the key ways to assess the compost maturity. However, the existing methods mainly focus on the qualitative description for the humification degree of compost. In this paper, projection pursuit classification (PPC) was conducted to quantitative assess the grades of compost maturity, based on the characteristics of fluorescence spectra of DOM. Eight organic wastes (chicken manure, swine manure, kitchen waste, lawn waste, fruits and vegetables waste, straw, green waste, and municipal solid waste) composting were conducted, the germination percentage (GI) and fluorescence spectra of DOM were measured during composting. Statistic analysis with all fluorescence parameters of DOM indicated that I436/I383 (a ratio between the fluorescence intensities at 436 and 383 nm in excitation spectra), FLR (an area ratio between fulvic-like region from 308 to 363 nm and total region in emission spectra), P(HA/Pro) (a regional integration ratio between humic acid-like region to protein-like region in excitation emission matrix (EEM) spectra), A4/A1 (an area ratio of the last quarter to the first quarter in emission spectra), r(A,C) (a ratio between the fluorescence intensities of peak A and peak C in EEM spectra) were correlated with each other (p < 0.01), suggesting that this fluorescence parameters could be considered as comprehensive evaluation index system of PPC. Subsequently, the four degrades of compost maturity included the best degree of maturity (I, GI > 80%), better degree of compost maturity (II, 60% < GI < 80%), maturity (III, 50% < GI < 60%), and immaturity (IV, GI < 50%) were divided according the GI value during composting. The corresponding fluorescence parameter values were calculated at each degrade of compost maturity. Then the projection values were calculated based on PPC considering the above fluorescence parameter values. The projection value was 2.01 - 2.22 for I grade, 1.21 - 2.0 for II grade, 0.57 - 1.2 for III grade, and 0.10 - 0.56 for IV grade. Model validation was then carried out with composts samples, the results indicated that the simulated values were agreed with the observed values, and the accuracy of PPC was 75% for four grades of maturity, and 100% for maturity and immaturity, suggesting that PPC could meet the need of the assessment of compost maturity.


Assuntos
Fluorescência , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Animais , Substâncias Húmicas , Esterco , Solo , Resíduos Sólidos , Suínos
14.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 34(6): 1582-8, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25358168

RESUMO

The aim of the present work is to study the soil DOM characteristics in the vegetable greenhouse with a long-term of cultivation. Results showed that the soil DOM mainly consisted of three components, fulvic acid-like (C1), humic acid-like (C2) and protein-like (C3), with C1 as the majority one. The distribution of DOM in space was also studied. In vertical direction, C1 and C2 decreased significantly with the increase in soil depth, while C3 component decreased after increased. The humification coefficient decreased fast from 0-20 to 30-40 cm, and then increased from 30-40 to 40-50 cm. In the horizontal direction, the level of C2 component varied greatly in space, while that of C1 component changed little, and that of C3 component fell in between the above two. The change in the humification degree of each soil layer significantly varied spatially. Humification process of soil organic matter mainly occurred in the surface soil layer. In addition, the humification degree in space also changed significantly. The new ideas of this study are: (1) Analyze the composition and spatial heterogeneity of soil DOM in the vegetable greenhouse; (2) Use three dimensional fluorescence spectra technology and parallel factor analysis model successfully to quantify the components of soil DOM, which provides a new method for the soil DOM analysis.


Assuntos
Substâncias Húmicas/análise , Compostos Orgânicos/análise , Proteínas/análise , Solo/química , Benzopiranos/análise , China , Análise Fatorial , Fluorescência , Modelos Teóricos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
15.
Acta Diabetol ; 51(5): 691-703, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25005490

RESUMO

Although the polymorphisms of PTPN22 and the variants of CTLA-4 have been reported to be the susceptibility genes, which increased risk of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA), the results remained inconclusive. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the association between the polymorphisms of two genes and LADA. We performed a systematic review by identifying relevant studies and applied meta-analysis to pool gene effects. Data from ten studies published between 2001 and 2013 were pooled for two polymorphisms: rs2476601 in the PTPN22 gene and rs231775 in the CTLA-4 gene. Data extraction and assessments for risk of bias were independently performed by two reviewers. Fixed-effect model and random-effect model were used to pool the odds ratios; meanwhile, heterogeneity test, publication bias and sensitive analysis were explored. The minor T allele at rs2476601 and the minor G at rs231775 carried estimated relative risks (odds ratio) of 1.52 (95 % CI 1.29-1.79) and 1.39 (95 % CI 1.11-1.74), respectively. These alleles contributed to an absolute lowering of the risk of all LADA by 4.88 and 14.93 % when individuals do not carry these alleles. The estimated lambdas were 0.49 and 0.63, suggesting a codominant model of effects was most likely for two genes. In summary, our systematic review has demonstrated that PTPN22 rs2476601 and CTLA-4 rs231775 are potential risk factors for LADA. An updated meta-analysis is required when more studies are published to increase the power of these polymorphisms and LADA.


Assuntos
Antígeno CTLA-4/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 22/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
16.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 55(7): 4220-8, 2014 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24917146

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the role of angiotensin II (Ang II) in the regulation of corneal myofibroblast apoptosis and the possible signaling pathway. METHODS: Rabbit corneal myofibroblasts were cultured in vitro and the cell phenotype was identified by expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and formation of F-actin. The expression of Ang II type I receptor (AT1R) in keratocytes and corneal myofibroblasts were detected by immunofluorescence staining and Western blot. The effect of Ang II on corneal myofibroblast apoptosis induced by serum starvation and TNFα plus cycloheximide (CHX) was examined by TUNEL, Hoechst 33258 staining, and caspase 3/7 activity assay. The effect of Ang II on nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)-dependent DNA binding activity and transcriptional activity was studied by electrophoresis mobility shift assay (EMSA) and luciferase reporter assay, respectively. Ang II-induced TGFß1 secretion by corneal myofibroblasts was determined by ELISA. RESULTS: Ang II type I receptor expression was more abundant in corneal myofibroblasts compared with keratocytes. Ang II reduced corneal myofibroblasts apoptotic response to serum starvation or treatment with TNFα plus CHX. This protective effect was attenuated in the presence of AT1R antagonist losartan or NF-κB-specific inhibitor Bay11-7082. Ang II increased NF-κB-dependent DNA-binding activity and transcriptional activity, and also increased TGFß1 production by corneal myofibroblasts. CONCLUSIONS: Ang II induces corneal myofibroblasts resistance to apoptosis via activating NF-κB signaling pathway, and thus should be further investigated as a possible target for therapy of corneal fibrosis.


Assuntos
Doenças da Córnea/genética , Substância Própria/patologia , DNA/genética , Miofibroblastos/patologia , NF-kappa B/farmacologia , Receptor Tipo 2 de Angiotensina/genética , Animais , Apoptose , Western Blotting , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Doenças da Córnea/metabolismo , Doenças da Córnea/patologia , Substância Própria/efeitos dos fármacos , Substância Própria/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Fibrose/genética , Fibrose/metabolismo , Fibrose/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Miofibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo , Coelhos , Receptor Tipo 2 de Angiotensina/biossíntese , Transdução de Sinais
17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 35(4): 1399-406, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24946594

RESUMO

In order to investigate the groundwater pollution by landfill leachates, the distribution characteristics of inorganic salt, organic compounds and heavy metals in leachastes from a simple landfill and groundwater and its reason were study using conventional analysis, fluorescence excitation-emission matrix spectra and multivariate statistical analysis. The results showed that the landfill was heterogeneous, and the extracts from the landfill wastes showed a high concentration of NH4(+) -N, but low contents of Cl-, SO4(2-), dissolved organic matter (DOM) and heavy metals. The nitrification process was blocked due to a strong reducing atmosphere in landfill, which caused a low concentration of NO3(-) -N and NO2(-) -N in leachates. Cu was mainly associated with DOM in leachates, while the distribution of the metals Ba, Cd, Cr, Fe, Mn, Ni, Zn and As was primarily related to hydrophobic organic compounds. The contaminate compositions in different groundwater were similar except for the groundwater under the landfill site. In contrast to landfill leachates, the groundwater showed a low concentration of NH4(+) -N, but high concentrations of Cl-, SO4(2-), DOM, NO3(-) -N and NO2(-) -N except for the groundwater under the landfill site. The organic compounds in the groundwater were mainly originated from microbial activity, and the distribution of the metals Ba, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn and Ni was mainly related to fluorescecent organic matter in DOM. The results showed that the leak point of landfill leachates can be identified through the cluster analysis method on the basis of the contaminant composition in groundwater.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Compostos Orgânicos/análise , Eliminação de Resíduos
18.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(2): 226-31, 2014 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24743811

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To obtain the baseline data and decision of quantitative analysis for the allocation of scarce health care resources,and for the health policymaking about easing the disease burden, to provide estimation of the economic costs and the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) loss of the coal worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP) and to explore the influencing factors of the disease burden. METHODS: The CWP inpatients from the Institute of Occupational Diseases Prevention and Control of a Coal Mining Group for 2011 were recruited in the study. Multiple dimensions of the disease burden were measured in the inception cohort of the 194 CWP inpatients: the direct economic burden, the indirect economic burden and the DALYs loss. The direct economic burden of the inpatients included hospitalization expenses and food allowances and nutritional supplements. The indirect economic burden was estimated using the DALYs and human capital approach,and the influencing factors of hospitalization expenses were analyzed in this study. RESULTS: The estimated direct economic burden for the 194 CWP inpatients for 2011 was approximately 4.68 million yuan and direct burden per capita was 24 108.05 yuan, and their indirect burden about 6.98 million yuan and indirect burden per capita 35 977.36 yuan. The study discovered that 1 681.53 health years were lost for the CWP inpaitents and per capita health years loss (8.67±3.65) years. CONCLUSION: The medical cost, the indirect cost and the DALYs loss of CWP are all sizable. Age and length of stay in the hospital are the major influencing factors for high hospitalization expenses. The hospitalization expenses of the CWP inpatients increase with their age and length of stay in the hospital. Taking effective measures to reduce the morbility is the key point to reduce the CWP burden.


Assuntos
Antracose/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Custos e Análise de Custo , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 21(12): 7522-9, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24595753

RESUMO

Compost leachates were collected to investigate the influence of the composition and removal of volatile fatty acids (VFAs), humic-like substances (HSs), and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) on heavy metal distribution during the leachate treatment process. The results showed that acetic and propionic acids accounted for 81.3 to 93.84% of VFAs, and that these acids were removed by the anaerobic-aerobic process. Humic- and fulvic-like substances were detected by excitation-emission matrix spectroscopy coupled with parallel factor analysis, and their content significantly decreased after the anaerobic and membrane treatments. DON in compost leachates ranged from 26.53 mg L(-1) to 919.46 mg L(-1), comprised of dissolved free amino acids and the protein-like matter bound to humic- and fulvic-like substances, and was removed by the aerobic process. Correlation analysis showed that Mn, Ni, and Pb were bound to VFAs and protein-, fulvic-, and humic-like substances in the leachates. Co was primarily bound to fulvic- and humic-like matter and inorganic sulfurs, whereas Cu, Zn, and Cd interacted with inorganic sulfur.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Substâncias Húmicas/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Solo/química , China , Cromatografia Gasosa , Análise Fatorial , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/análise , Ionização de Chama , Nitrogênio/análise , Oxirredução , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Purificação da Água/métodos
20.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 21(13): 7973-84, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24659406

RESUMO

To investigate the effect of organic matter evolution on heavy metal sorption, fluorescence excitation­emission matrix (EEM) spectra combined with parallel factor (PARAFAC) analysis were employed to characterize the evolution and metal-complexing potential of fluorescent water-extractable organic matter (WEOM) from composted municipal solid wastes (MSWs). The WEOMs examined comprised humic-, fulvic-, tryptophan-, and tyrosine-like substances. Composting treatment increased the content of humic- and fulvic-like matter, and changed the existence pattern of tryptophan- and tyrosine-like substances (i.e., the tryptophan- and tyrosine-like substances from uncomposted MSWs were mainly bound in protein-like matter, whereas those from composted MSWs were primarily bound in humic- and fulvic-like substances). Furthermore, composting treatment increased the polar functional group, aromaticity, and humification degree of the WEOMs, but decreased the aliphatic and hydroxyl group. These evolutions decreased the Cu(II) affinities of fulvic- and humic-like substances and the Pb(II) affinities and complexing capacities of fulvic-like substances, but increased the Cu(II) complexing capacities of fulvic- and humic-like substances. These results reveal that mature composts from the MSWs can be used for the remediation of Cu- and Pb-contaminated soils in situ, whereas immature composts can enhance the metal transferability from soil to plant.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados/análise , Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos , Solo/química , Resíduos Sólidos/análise , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Água/química
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