Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 802
Filtrar
1.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655871

RESUMO

As one kind of novel noncoding RNA, circular RNAs (circRNAs) are involved in different biological processes. Although growing evidences have supported the important role of circRNAs in renal diseases, the mechanism remains unclear in neonatal acute kidney injury (AKI). High-throughput sequencing analysis was used to investigate the expression of circRNAs between hypoxia-induced AKI neonates and controls. Bioinformatics analysis was conducted to predict the function of differentially expressed circRNAs. Finally, the differentially expressed circRNAs were screened and determined by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). (1) A total of 296 differentially expressed circRNAs were identified (Fold change >2 and p < 0.05). Of them, 184 circRNAs were markedly upregulated, and 112 were significantly downregulated in the AKI group. (2) The pathway analysis showed that ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis, renal cell carcinoma, Jak-STAT, and HIF-1 signaling pathways participated in AKI. (3) Top five upregulated and five downregulated circRNAs with higher fold changes were selected for qPCR validation. Hsa_circ_0008898 (Fold Change = 5.48, p = 0.0376) and hsa_circ_0005519 (Fold Change = 4.65, p = 0.0071) were significantly upregulated, while hsa_circ_0132279 (Fold Change = -4.47, p = 0.0008), hsa_circ_0112327 (Fold Change = -4.26, p = 0.0048), and hsa_circ_0017647 (Fold Change = -4.15, p = 0.0313) were significantly downregulated in asphyxia-induced AKI group compared with the control group. This study could contribute to future research on neonatal AKI and facilitate the identification of novel therapeutic targets.

3.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-17, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634158

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the high incidence cancers and third leading cause of cancer-related mortality. HBV is the top most risk factor accounting for 50-80% of the HCC cases. Kinases: Aurora kinase A (AURKA), cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK1) and Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1), the key regulators of cell mitosis are overexpressed in varieties of cancers including HCC. However, the exact role of these genes in prognosis of HCC is not fully unveiled. In addition, there is no such an accurate prognostic biomarker for HBV-related HCC. To address this issue, we performed a multidimensional analysis of AURKA, CDK1 and PLK1 with a series of publicly available databases in multiple cancers and with experimental validation in HBV-related HCC tissues. Overexpression of AURKA, CDK1 and PLK1 was found in multiple cancers including HCC. Elevated expression of these genes could result from lowered DNA methylation and genomic alterations. Transcriptional overexpression was significantly correlated with poor prognosis of HCC patients. The expression levels were also significantly positively associated with tumor grades and stages. Furthermore, the expression levels of these genes had a strong correlation with infiltration of immune cells. Our analysis shows that AURKA, CDK1 and PLK1 are correlated with immune infiltration and are the prognostic biomarkers for HBV-induced HCC.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

4.
Zool Res ; 44(1): 183-218, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36579404

RESUMO

The innate immune system protects the host from external pathogens and internal damage in various ways. The cGAS-STING signaling pathway, comprised of cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS), stimulator of interferon genes (STING), and downstream signaling adaptors, plays an essential role in protective immune defense against microbial DNA and internal damaged-associated DNA and is responsible for various immune-related diseases. After binding with DNA, cytosolic cGAS undergoes conformational change and DNA-linked liquid-liquid phase separation to produce 2'3'-cGAMP for the activation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized STING. However, further studies revealed that cGAS is predominantly expressed in the nucleus and strictly tethered to chromatin to prevent binding with nuclear DNA, and functions differently from cytosolic-localized cGAS. Detailed delineation of this pathway, including its structure, signaling, and regulatory mechanisms, is of great significance to fully understand the diversity of cGAS-STING activation and signaling and will be of benefit for the treatment of inflammatory diseases and cancer. Here, we review recent progress on the above-mentioned perspectives of the cGAS-STING signaling pathway and discuss new avenues for further study.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética , Nucleotidiltransferases/química , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , DNA
5.
Ann Med ; 55(1): 114-126, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High endothelial venules (HEV) and tertiary lymphoid structures (TLS) are associated with clinical outcomes of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). However, because HEV are components of TLS, there have been few studies of the role of the HEV proportion in TLS (HEV/TLS). This study investigated the role of the HEV/TLS and its relationship with the tumor immune microenvironment in CRC. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 203 cases of tissue pathologically diagnosed as CRC after general surgery was performed at the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University from January 2014 to July 2017. Paraffin sections were obtained from the paracancerous intestinal mucosal tissues. The area of HEV and TLS and immune cells were detected by immunohistochemistry. We further divided the positive HEV expression group into the high HEV/TLS group and the low HEV/TLS group by the average area of HEV/TLS. After grouping, the data were also analyzed using the chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier method, and univariate and multivariate Cox proportional risk regression analyses. A correlation analysis of the HEV/TLS and immune cells as well as angiogenesis was performed. RESULTS: Patients with a high HEV/TLS in CRC tissue were associated with longer OS, DFS and lower TNM stage. Meanwhile, CRC tissue with a high HEV/TLS showed a greater ability to recruit the CD3+ T cells, CD8+ T cells and M1 macrophages and correlated with less angiogenesis. Conclusively, high HEV/TLS links to the favorable prognosis of CRC patients and correlated with anti-tumor immune microenvironment, which can be a potential biomarker for prognosis of CRC patients. CONCLUSION: A high HEV/TLS is associated with a favorable prognosis for CRC and is correlated with the anti-tumor immune microenvironment. Therefore, it is a potential biomarker of the CRC prognosis.KEY MESSAGESHigh HEV/TLS is associated with a favorable prognosis for CRC.High HEV/TLS correlated with the anti-tumor immune microenvironment of CRC and can serve as a novel prognostic biomarker.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Estruturas Linfoides Terciárias , Humanos , Estruturas Linfoides Terciárias/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Microambiente Tumoral , Biomarcadores , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico
6.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(23)2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36500899

RESUMO

There has been great interest in developing and designing economical, stable and highly active electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) via water splitting in an aqueous solution at different pH values. Transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), e.g., MoS2, are identified to be promising catalysts for the HER due to the limited active sites at their edges, while the large basal plane of MoS2 is inert and shows poor performance in electrocatalytic hydrogen production. We theoretically propose orbital modulation to improve the HER performance of the basal plane of MoS2 through non-metal P doping. The substitutional doping of P provides empty 3pz orbitals, perpendicular to the basal plane, can enhance the hydrogen adsorption for acid HER and can promote water dissociation for alkaline HER, which creates significant active sites and enhances the electronic conductivity as well. In addition, 3P-doped MoS2 exhibits excellent HER catalytic activity with ideal free energy at acid media and low reaction-barrier energy in alkaline media. Thus, the doping of P could significantly boost the HER activity of MoS2 in such conditions. Our study suggests an effective strategy to tune HER catalytic activity of MoS2 through orbital engineering, which should also be feasible for other TMDC-based electrocatalysts.

7.
Adv Mater ; : e2208789, 2022 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563307

RESUMO

Small-molecule organic single crystals (SCs) with an inherent in-plane anisotropic nature enable direct linearly polarized light emission without the need for spatially separated polarizer and complex optical structures. However, the device performance is severely restricted by the starvation of appropriate SC emitters and the difficulty in the construction of efficient SC electroluminescence (EL) devices, leading to a low external quantum efficiency (EQE) of usually smaller than 1.5%. Here, we demonstrate highly efficient inherent linearly polarized light-emitting diodes (LP-LEDs) by exploiting 2,6-diphenylanthracene (DPA) SCs as intrinsically polarized emitters. The LP-LEDs exhibit a 2.5-fold enhanced maximum EQE of 3.38%, which approaches the theoretical limit for the DPA SC-based EL device and is the highest among organic SC-based light-emitting diodes reported thus far. More importantly, a high degree of polarization (DOP) up to 0.74 is achieved for the intrinsically polarized EL emission of the DPA SC-based LP-LEDs. By leveraging the highly efficient LP-LED, we demonstrate for the first time an inter-chip polarized optical communication system consisting of organic SCs. This work creates a solid foundation for the exploitation of a vast new library of small-molecule organic SCs for LP-LEDs and carries broad implications for polarized optics and relevant optoelectronic devices. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

8.
Obes Rev ; : e13521, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36349390

RESUMO

Overweight and obesity, as a result of excess fat accumulation, have become a worldwide public health issue. Recent studies have shown that obesity is closely related to many human diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, in which adipose tissue plays a dual role. In addition to thermal and mechanical insulation and a critical role in energy storage and heat production, adipose tissue is also a highly plastic endocrine and signaling organ that secretes multiple bioactive molecules for inter-organ crosstalk. The phenotypic and biological changes of adipose tissue under pathological conditions, especially in obesity, increase the challenge of deciphering the positive or negative effects of adipose tissue in disease. Despite numerous studies on obesity and adipose tissue, the ambiguous role of adipose tissue on specific organs or tissues in different diseases is not fully understood, and the definite mechanisms remain obscure. In this review, we first summarize the basic biological characteristics of adipose tissue in the physiological state and the abnormal remodeling of adipose tissue during obesity. We then discuss the complex and disparate effects of obesity on various human diseases, with a particular focus on the dual roles and underlying mechanisms of adipose tissue, a quintessential player in obesity, in this process. More importantly, rethinking the causes of the "obesity paradox" phenomenon in diseases from the perspective of adipose homeostasis and dysfunction provides a novel strategy for disease treatment by intervening in fat function.

9.
Motor Control ; : 1-16, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351429

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate individual trial-to-trial performance in three tests to define adaptive regulation as a key feature of expertise in nine-ball. Thirty-one male players were assigned into the low-skilled (n = 11), intermediate (n = 10), or high-skilled groups (n = 10). The power control, cue alignment, and angle tests were selected to assess participants' ability to control the power applied in shots, strike the ball straight, and understand the ball paths, respectively. Error distance and correction of error distance were identified for each shot using 2D video analysis. Results of one-way analysis of variance showed that the high-skilled group performed better in two out of the three tests than the other two groups (p = .010 for the cue alignment test; p = .002 for the angle test). However, the adaptation effect represented by the decreased error distances across trials was not observed. Pearson correlation revealed only a few significant correlations between the error distance and its correction within each participant in all tests (p < .05), and hence, the hypothesis that "low correction happened after small error and vice versa" is not supported.

10.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6629, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333339

RESUMO

Being able to probe the polarization states of light is crucial for applications from medical diagnostics and intelligent recognition to information encryption and bio-inspired navigation. Current state-of-the-art polarimeters based on anisotropic semiconductors enable direct linear dichroism photodetection without the need for bulky and complex external optics. However, their polarization sensitivity is restricted by the inherent optical anisotropy, leading to low dichroic ratios of typically smaller than ten. Here, we unveil an effective and general strategy to achieve more than 2,000-fold enhanced polarization sensitivity by exploiting an anisotropic charge trapping effect in organic phototransistors. The polarization-dependent trapping of photogenerated charge carriers provides an anisotropic photo-induced gate bias for current amplification, which has resulted in a record-high dichroic ratio of >104, reaching over the extinction ratios of commercial polarizers. These findings further enable the demonstration of an on-chip polarizer-free bionic celestial compass for skylight-based polarization navigation. Our results offer a fundamental design principle and an effective route for the development of next-generation highly polarization-sensitive optoelectronics.


Assuntos
Biônica , Óptica e Fotônica , Anisotropia , Visão Ocular
11.
RSC Adv ; 12(41): 26866-26874, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36320836

RESUMO

Cost-efficient bifunctional electrocatalysts with good stability and high activity are in great demand to replace noble-metal-based catalysts for overall water-splitting. Ni3S2 has been considered a suitable electrocatalyst for either the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) or the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) owing to its good conductivity and stability, but high performance remains a challenge. Based on density functional theory calculations, we propose a practical 3d-transition-metal (TM = Mn, Fe and Co) doping to enhance the catalytic performance for both HER and OER on the Ni3S2 (101) facet. The enhancement originates from TM-doping-induced charge rearrangement and charge transfer, which increases the surface activity and promotes catalytic behavior. In particular, Mn-doped Ni3S2 shows good bifunctional catalytic activity because it possesses more active sites, reduced hydrogen adsorption free energy (ΔG H*) for HER and low overpotential for OER. Importantly, this work not only provides a feasible means to design efficient bifunctional electrocatalysts for overall water-splitting but also provides insights into the mechanism of improving catalytic behavior.

12.
Brain Sci ; 12(11)2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36421911

RESUMO

Patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) seropositive for autoantibodies against nodal and paranodal proteins display distinct clinical presentations. In the latest study, CIDP with autoantibodies against paranodal proteins was defined as autoimmune nodopathy (AN). We herein present a case of 39-year-old male with anti- neurofascin (NF) 155 and NF186 IgG4 antibody with gait disturbance and tremor, who was followed up for 4 months and demonstrated clinical improvements after apparently effective rituximab therapy. In addition, a literature review was conducted to investigate the clinical characteristics of anti-NF155/NF186-positive AN.

13.
Sports Biomech ; : 1-13, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36424768

RESUMO

This study compared the kinematics of upper body and cue stick among players of various skill levels when performing back spin and top spin shots. Twenty-eight male cue sports players were assigned to the novice (n = 10), intermediate (n = 9), or skilled groups (n = 9). The back spin and top spin tests were administrated while kinematic data were recorded using a 3D motion capture system. The results revealed greater upper limb joint ranges of motions (all p < 0.05), maximum angular velocities (all p < 0.05), and cue tip speed in the back spin than top spin shots (p < 0.001). None of joint kinematic or shot performance variables investigated was significantly different among the three skill levels (all p > 0.05). For the head movement, the novice group exhibited greater anteroposterior displacement than the skilled group (p = 0.020). In conclusion, except for the head movement, the upper body and cue stick kinematics did not significantly differ among players with varied skill levels. Greater joint ranges of motions and angular velocities were required to generate a faster cue tip speed for the back spin shots when compared with the top spin shots.

14.
Cell Biosci ; 12(1): 168, 2022 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early pregnancy loss (EPL) presents as sporadic or recurrent miscarriage during the first trimester. In addition to chromosomal defects, EPL may result from impairment of the placental-decidual interface at early gestational age due to gene-environmental interactions. METHODS: To better understand the pathogenesis associated with this impairment, cell development in chorionic villi and decidua of different forms of EPL (sporadic or recurrent) was investigated with single-cell RNA sequencing and compared to that of normal first-trimester tissue. RESULTS: Unique gene expression signatures were obtained for the different forms of EPL and for normal tissue and the composition of placental and decidual cell clusters in each form was established. In particular, the involvement of macrophages in the EPL phenotypes was identified revealing an immunoactive state. CONCLUSION: Differential gene expression and unique marker genes among cell clusters from chorionic villi and decidua of miscarried and normal pregnancies, may lead to identification of biomarker for EPL.

15.
Front Genet ; 13: 941098, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36246605

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a serious threat to human life. Guben Zenggu Granule is an empirical prescription for clinical treatment of osteoporosis. MC3T3-E1 cells are mouse osteogenic precursor cells with osteogenic differentiation, and are classic cells for studying bone metabolism and osteogenic mechanism, as well as mechanical stimulation sensitive cells. Therefore, it can be inferred that Guben Zenggu granule can repair MC3T3-E1 cells under continuous static pressure overload. This study aims to through the network of pharmacology and gene sequencing method, reveal thrift increase bone particles under the condition of continuous static pressure overload on osteogenesis mechanism of MC3T3-E1 cells. In the process of analysis, from a variety of 98 compounds was predicted in the database, a collection of 474 goals, a total of 29,164 difference between two groups of genes. Then, construction of composite targets between cells and predict targets and protein - protein interaction networks, and through the cluster analysis to further explore the relationship between the target. In addition, linkages between target proteins and cells were further identified using Gene Ontology (GO) and Pathways (KEGG Pathway). Finally, the repair effect of Guben Zenggu granule on MC3T3-E1 cells under continuous static pressure overload was verified through experiments, so as to accurately explain the pharmacodynamic mechanism of Traditional Chinese medicine.

16.
Open Life Sci ; 17(1): 1269-1281, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36249530

RESUMO

The Mongolian horses have excellent endurance and stress resistance to adapt to the cold and harsh plateau conditions. Intraspecific genetic diversity is mainly embodied in various genetic advantages of different branches of the Mongolian horse. Since people pay progressive attention to the athletic performance of horse, we expect to guide the exercise-oriented breeding of horses through genomics research. We obtained the clean data of 630,535,376,400 bp through the entire genome second-generation sequencing for the whole blood of four Abaga horses and ten Wushen horses. Based on the data analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism, we severally detected that 479 and 943 positively selected genes, particularly exercise related, were mainly enriched on equine chromosome 4 in Abaga horses and Wushen horses, which implied that chromosome 4 may be associated with the evolution of the Mongolian horse and athletic performance. Four hundred and forty genes of positive selection were enriched in 12 exercise-related pathways and narrowed in 21 exercise-related genes in Abaga horse, which were distinguished from Wushen horse. So, we speculated that the Abaga horse may have oriented genes for the motorial mechanism and 21 exercise-related genes also provided a molecular genetic basis for exercise-directed breeding of the Mongolian horse.

17.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 606, 2022 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36207427

RESUMO

Freezing of gaits (FOG) is a very disabling symptom of Parkinson's Disease (PD), affecting about 50% of PD patients and 80% of advanced PD patients. Studies have shown that FOG is related to a complex interplay between motor, cognitive and affective factors. A full characterization of FOG is crucial for FOG detection/prediction and prompt intervention. A protocol has been designed to acquire multimodal physical and physiological information during FOG, including gait acceleration (ACC), electroencephalogram (EEG), electromyogram (EMG), and skin conductance (SC). Two tasks were designed to trigger FOG, including gait initiation failure and FOG during walking. A total number of 12 PD patients completed the experiments and produced a length of 3 hours and 42 minutes of valid data including 2 hours and 14 minutes of normal gait and 1 hour and 28 minutes of freezing of gait. The FOG episodes were labeled by two qualified physicians. The multimodal data have been validated by a FOG detection task.


Assuntos
Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha , Doença de Parkinson , Eletromiografia , Marcha/fisiologia , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/diagnóstico , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/etiologia , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Caminhada/fisiologia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36207637

RESUMO

Microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) have rapidly developed into a promising technology to treat sulfate-rich wastewater that lacks electron donors. Hence, a better understanding of the effect on the microbial community structure caused by different sources in bioelectrochemical systems is required. This study sought to investigate the effect of different carbon sources (NaHCO3, ethanol, and acetate were employed as sole carbon source respectively) on the performance of sulfate-reducing biocathodes. The sulfate reduction efficiency enhanced by the bioelectrochemical systems was 8.09 - 11.57% higher than that of open-circuit reference experiments. Furthermore, the optimum carbon source was ethanol with a maximum sulfate reduction rate of 170 mg L-1 d-1 in the bioelectrochemical systems. The different carbon sources induced significant differences in sulfate reduction efficiency as demonstrated by the application of a micro-electrical field. Microbial community structure and network analysis revealed that all three kinds of carbon source systems enriched large proportions of sulfate-reducing bacteria and electroactive bacteria but were significantly distinct in composition. The dominant sulfate-reducing bacteria that use NaHCO3 and acetate as carbon sources were Desulfobacter and Desulfobulbus, whereas those that use ethanol as carbon source were Desulfomicrobium and Desulfovibrio. Our results suggest that ethanol is a more suitable carbon source for sulfate reduction in bioelectrochemical systems.

19.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(10): 1117-1123, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36305112

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the risk factors for pulmonary hemorrhage and its clinical outcome in very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs). METHODS: The medical data were collected from all live VLBWIs (gestational age <35 weeks) who were admitted to Jiangsu Women and Children Health Hospital and Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between January 1, 2020 and December 31, 2021. Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, 574 VLBWIs were included in the study, with 44 VLBWIs in the pulmonary hemorrhage group and 530 VLBWIs in the non-pulmonary hemorrhage group. The clinical data were compared between the two groups. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for pulmonary hemorrhage. RESULTS: There were significant differences between the two groups in maternal age, rate of positive-pressure ventilation for resuscitation, rate of tracheal intubation for resuscitation, and minimum body temperature within 1 hour after birth (P<0.05). The pulmonary hemorrhage group had a higher proportion of VLBWIs with grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ respiratory distress syndrome or early-onset sepsis than the non-pulmonary hemorrhage group (P<0.05). The pulmonary hemorrhage group also had a higher proportion of VLBWIs with a capillary refilling time of >3 seconds within 1 hour after birth and with the maximum positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) of <5 cmH2O within 24 hours after birth (P<0.05). The multivariate regression analysis showed that maternal age of 30-<35 years (OR=0.115, P<0.05) was a protective factor against pulmonary hemorrhage, while a lower temperature (<34°C) within 1 hour after birth, the maximum PEEP of <5 cm H2O within 24 hours after birth, and early-onset sepsis were risk factors for pulmonary hemorrhage (OR=11.609, 11.118, and 20.661, respectively; P<0.05). For all VLBWIs, the pulmonary hemorrhage group had a longer duration of invasive ventilation and a higher mortality rate than the non-pulmonary hemorrhage group (P<0.05); for the survival VLBWIs, the pulmonary hemorrhage group had a higher incidence rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia than the non-pulmonary hemorrhage group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Maintaining the stability of temperature, giving appropriate PEEP, and identifying sepsis as early as possible can reduce the incidence rate of pulmonary hemorrhage, thereby helping to reduce the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and mortality in VLBWIs.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Sepse , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Displasia Broncopulmonar/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Idade Gestacional , Fatores de Risco , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/terapia , Peso ao Nascer
20.
J Oncol ; 2022: 2704862, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36213835

RESUMO

Background: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a first-line treatment for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Owing to differences in its efficacy across individuals, determining the indicators of patient response to TACE and finding approaches to reversing nonresponse thereto are necessary. Methods: Transcriptome data were obtained from the GSE104580 dataset, in which patients were marked as having TACE response or nonresponse. We identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and performed Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis. We screened genes with a prognostic value for TACE in the HIF-1 signaling pathway by univariate regression analysis. By using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression, we established a multigene signature in GSE14520, which we verified using a drug sensitivity test. The Connectivity Map (CMap) database was used to find potential drugs to reverse nonresponse to TACE. Results: We constructed a prognostic signature consisting of three genes (erythropoietin (EPO), heme oxygenase 1 (HMOX1), and serine protease inhibitor 1 (SERPINE1)) that we validated by drug sensitivity test. After dividing patients treated with TACE into high- and low-risk groups based on this new signature, we showed that overall survival (OS) of the high-risk group was significantly lower than that of the low-risk group and that the risk score was an independent predictor of OS in patients treated with TACE. Based on our CMap findings, we speculated that PD-184352, an inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK), had potential as a drug treatment to reverse nonresponse to TACE. We confirmed this speculation by using PD-184352 in a cell promotion experiment in a TACE environment. Conclusion: We constructed a TACE-specific three-gene signature that could be used to predict HCC patients' responses to and prognosis after TACE treatment. PD-184352 might have potential as a drug to improve TACE efficacy.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...