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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(13): 1976-1979, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960850

RESUMO

We herein used Ag2Se quantum dots (QDs) as a target-modulated sensitizer for upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) and the target thrombin as the sensitizing switch to construct a biosensor, circumventing the limited luminescence resonance energy transfer (LRET) efficiency of UCNPs, with enhanced signal-to-background ratio (SBR) and assay sensitivity.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Raios Infravermelhos , Pontos Quânticos/química , Trombina/análise , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Razão Sinal-Ruído
2.
Lab Chip ; 18(1): 41-56, 2017 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29098217

RESUMO

In recent years, a broad range of nanocrystals have been synthesized in droplet-based microfluidic reactors which provide obvious advantages, such as accurate manipulation, better reproducibility and reliable automation. In this review, we initially introduce general concepts of droplet reactors followed by discussions of their main functional regions including droplet generation, mixing of reactants, reaction controlling, in situ monitoring, and reaction quenching. Subsequently, the enhanced mass and heat transport properties are discussed. Next, we focus on research frontiers including sequential multistep synthesis, intelligent synthesis, reliable scale-up synthesis, and interfacial synthesis. Finally, we end with an outlook on droplet reactors, especially highlighting some aspects such as large-scale production, the integrated process of synthesis and post-synthetic treatments, automated droplet reactors with in situ monitoring and optimizing algorithms, and rapidly developing strategies for interfacial synthesis.

3.
Anal Chem ; 88(18): 9166-72, 2016 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27558655

RESUMO

Single molecule electrochemistry (SME) has gained much progress in fundamental studies, but it is difficult to use in practice due to its less reliability. We have solved the reliability of single molecule electrochemical detection by integration of digital analysis with efficient signal amplification of enzyme-induced metallization (EIM) together with high-throughput parallelism of microelectrode array (MA), establishing a digital single molecule electrochemical detection method (dSMED). Our dSMED has been successfully used for alkaline phosphatase (ALP) detection in the complex sample of liver cancer cells. Compared to direct measurement of the oxidation current of enzyme products, EIM can enhance signals by about 100 times, achieving signal-to-background ratio high enough for single molecule detection. The integration of digital analysis with SME can further decrease the detection limit of ALP to 1 aM relative to original 50 aM, enabling dSMED to be sensitively, specifically and reliably applied in liver cancer cells. The presented dSMED is enormously promising in exploring physical and chemical properties of single molecules, single biomolecular detection, or single-cell analysis.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina/análise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Ensaios Enzimáticos/instrumentação , Animais , Bovinos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Ensaios Enzimáticos/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enzimologia , Microeletrodos
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