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1.
Am J Pathol ; 191(3): 503-514, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608066

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs play critical roles in cellular homeostasis, and long noncoding RNA H19 (H19) is implicated in several pathologic conditions. The putative role of H19 in the pathogenesis and progression of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) is not yet understood. Therefore, a series of in vivo and in vitro experiments were designed to investigate the potential roles of H19 in neuronal apoptosis and cognitive dysfunction in HIBD. H19 expression was decreased in HIBD rat models established by partial occlusion of carotid artery. H19 bound to and decreased the expression of miR-107, which also increased VEGF expression. H19 overexpression reduced neuronal apoptosis and alleviated cognitive dysfunction in HIBD rats. The up-regulation of miR-107 reversed the protective effects conferred by H19. In addition, the cell model of HIBD was established by oxygen-glucose deprivation in neuronal cells used. H19 overexpression in oxygen-glucose deprivation neurons increased B-cell lymphoma-2 and decreased B-cell lymphoma-2-associated X, total and cleaved caspase-3 expressions. Taken together, the results showed that H19 expresses at a low level in HIBD. H19 overexpression decreased miR-107 and increased VEGF expression, which resulted in repressed neuronal apoptosis and alleviated cognitive dysfunction. Thus, H19 may serve as a molecular target for translational research for HIBD therapy.

2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 8869674, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33294458

RESUMO

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of apolipoprotein C3 (APOC3) play important role in lipid metabolism, and dyslipidemia underlies nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). But the correlation of serum lipidomics, APOC3 SNPs, and NAFLD remains limited understood. Enrolling thirty-four biopsy-proven NAFLD patients from Tianjin, Shanghai, Fujian, we investigated their APOC3 genotype and serum lipid profile by DNA sequencing and ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS), respectively. Scoring of hepatocyte steatosis, ballooning, lobular inflammation, and liver fibrosis was then performed to reveal the role of lipidomics-affecting APOC3 SNPs in NAFLD-specific pathological alterations. Here, we reported that APOC3 SNPs (rs4225, rs4520, rs5128, rs2070666, and rs2070667) intimately correlated to serum lipidomics in NAFLD patients. A allele instead of G allele at rs2070667, which dominated the SNPs underlying lipidomic alteration, exhibited downregulatory effect on triacylglycerols (TGs: TG 54 : 7, TG 54 : 8, and TG 56 : 9) containing polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA). Moreover, subjects with low-level PUFA-containing TGs were predisposed to high-grade lobular inflammation (TG 54 : 7, rho = -0.454 and P = 0.007; TG 54 : 8, rho = -0.411 and P =0.016; TG 56 : 9, rho = -0.481 and P = 0.004). The significant correlation of APOC3 rs2070667 and inflammation grading [G/G vs. G/A+A/A: 0.00 (0.00 and 1.00) vs. 1.50 (0.75 and 2.00), P = 0.022] further confirmed its pathological action on the basis of lipidomics-impacting activity. These findings suggest an inhibitory effect of A allele at APOC3 rs2070667 on serum levels of PUFA-containing TGs, which are associated with high-grade lobular inflammation in NAFLD patients.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303694

RESUMO

Women are anticipated to go through more than two rounds of cervical screening in their lifetime. Human papillomavirus(HPV) testing is increasingly used as the primary cervical cancer screening test. However, triage strategies for HPV positive women were usually evaluated at baseline screening. We assessed the effect of sequential rounds of cervical screening on several algorithms for HPV triage. 1997 women aged 35-45 years were enrolled in 1999 in Shanxi, China and followed up three times at approximately five-year intervals. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse(CIN2+) prevalence by prior HPV results and performance of twelve triage algorithms with cytology, genotyping and prior HPV were examined among 229 HPV positive women at the fourth round. CIN2+ prevalence varied from 56.5% (95% confidence interval (CI): 36.8-74.4%) following 15 years HPV persistence to 3.5% (1.2-9.9%) with an incident HPV within 15 years. Triage with cytology (with threshold of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance) yielded positive predictive value(PPV) of 21.4%(13.8-29.0%), entailing immediate colposcopic referral, and negative predictive value(NPV) of 97.4%(94.6-100.0%), permitting re-testing at short intervals. Triage with genotyping (16/18/31/33/45/52/58) or prior HPV results showed comparable performance to cytology. Among 11 triage algorithms with similar NPV to cytology, triage with prior HPV results and reflex genotyping (16/18) achieved highest PPV of 28.9% (18.8-39.1%) and lowest colposcopy referral of 33.2% (27.4-39.5%). HPV persistence across rounds is an effective risk stratifier in HPV positive women. Mainstream cytology and genotyping, with or without consideration of prior HPV results, remain effective for HPV triage at fourth round.

4.
Cell Prolif ; : e12932, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107129

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The establishment of porcine pluripotent stem cells (pPSCs) is still a critical topic. However, all pPSCs were failed to contribute to efficient chimeric pig and were extremely sensitive to changes of culture conditions. This study aimed to investigate the role of BCL2 in pPSCs and further explain the mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Porcine BCL2 gene was cloned and overexpressed in porcine induce pluripotent stem cells (piPSCs). Digital RNA-seq was performed to explain the mechanism of anti-apoptosis. Finally, the cells carrying BCL2 were injected into mouse early embryo to evaluate its chimeric ability. RESULTS: Here, we found that overexpression of porcine BCL2 gene significantly improved the survivability of piPSCs and the efficiency of embryonic chimerism, and did not wreck the pluripotency of piPSCs. Furthermore, the Digital RNA-seq analysis revealed that BCL2, as a downstream gene of the PI3K signal pathway, enhanced the expression of PI3K signal pathway receptors, such as FGFR2, and further promoted oxidoreductases activity and lipid metabolism, thus maintaining the survival and pluripotency of piPSCs. CONCLUSION: Our data not only suggested that porcine BCL2 gene could enhance the survivability and chimeric ability of pPSCs, but also explained the positive feedback mechanism in this process, providing strong support for the chimeric experiment of pPSCs.

5.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895912

RESUMO

Thermal ablation is a point-of-care ablative treatment technique for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). However, limited information is available about its efficacy in low- and middle-income countries. We evaluated the efficacy of thermal ablation in treatment of CIN detected through high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) screening in China. Women positive on high-risk HPV and having colposcopically suspected lesions eligible for ablation underwent colposcopy, biopsy and thermal ablation in one visit. Women ineligible were recalled for large loop excision of transformation zone (LLETZ) when histopathology results were high-grade CIN. Posttreatment follow-up at 6 months or more was with HPV test and cytology followed by colposcopy and biopsy for HPV and/or cytology-positive women. Cure was defined as either negative cytology and HPV test or absence of histopathology proved CIN in any positive women. Of total 218 HPV-positive women treated with thermal ablation (n = 170) or LLETZ (n = 48), 196 reported for follow-up evaluation. For women with histologically confirmed CIN at baseline (thermal ablation-104; LLETZ-38), cure rates were 84.6% for thermal ablation and 86.8% for LLETZ. Cure rates after thermal ablation were 90.3% for CIN grade one (CIN1) and 76.2% for CIN grade two or worse (CIN2+). HPV clearance rate was 80.4% in women undergoing thermal ablation, which was lower for HPV16/18 compared to other oncogenic types (67.6% vs 85.7%). HPV test had a negative predictive value (NPV) of 98.7% to detect CIN2+ at follow-up and the positive predictive value (PPV) was 40.4%. Thermal ablation is effective to treat CIN as well as to clear the high-risk HPV infection. HPV test has high PPV and NPV in following up patients posttreatment.

6.
Asian J Pharm Sci ; 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905011

RESUMO

The development of a massively producible vaccine against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a novel coronavirus, is essential for stopping the current coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. A vaccine must stimulate effective antibody and T cell responses in vivo to induce long-term protection. Scientific researchers have been developing vaccine candidates for the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) since the outbreaks of these diseases. The prevalence of new biotechnologies such as genetic engineering has shed light on the generation of vaccines against novel viruses. In this review, we present the status of the development of coronavirus vaccines, focusing particularly on the biomimetic nanoparticle technology platform, which is likely to have a major role in future developments of personalized medicine.

7.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(8): 639, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801294

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is characterized by the transdifferentiation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) to myofibroblasts and poor response to treatment. This can be attributed to the myofibroblast-specific resistance to phenotype reversal. In this study, we complemented miR-16 into miR-16-deficient myofibroblasts and analyzed the global role of miR-16 using transcriptome profiling and generating a pathway-based action model underlying transcriptomic regulation. Phenotypic analysis of myofibroblasts and fibrogenic characterization were used to understand the effect of miR-16 on phenotypic remodeling of myofibroblasts. miR-16 expression altered the transcriptome of myofibroblasts to resemble that of HSCs. Simultaneous targeting of Smad2 and Wnt3a, etc. by miR-16 integrated signaling pathways of TGF-ß and Wnt, etc., which underlay the comprehensive regulation of transcriptome. The synergistic effect of miR-16 on the signaling pathways abolished the phenotypic characteristics of myofibroblasts, including collagen production and inhibition of adipogenesis. In vivo, myofibroblast-specific expression of miR-16 not only eliminated mesenchymal cells with myofibroblast characteristics but also restored the phenotype of HSCs in perisinusoidal space. This phenotypic remodeling resolved liver fibrosis induced by chronic wound healing. Therefore, miR-16 may integrate signaling pathways crucial for the fate determination of myofibroblasts. Its global effect induces the reversal of HSC-to-myofibroblast transdifferentiation and, subsequently, the resolution of fibrogenesis. Taken together, these findings highlight the potential of miR-16 as a promising therapeutic target for liver fibrosis.

8.
J Infect Dis ; 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: How vaginal infections like bacterial vaginosis (BV), Candida spp., and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) affect persistence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is not well established. Our study aimed to evaluate the association between common vaginal infections and cervical non-HPV16/18 infection, as risk factors associated with persistence of non-vaccine HPV types will become increasingly relevant in the setting of HPV vaccination. METHODS: We performed an analysis in 2,039 AS04-HPV16/18-vaccinated women enrolled in a phase II/III trial in China, who were HPV DNA-negative at Month 0 and 6 and had at least one subsequent follow-up visit. Vaginal infections were detected in liquid-based cytology according to the diagnostic criteria of The Bethesda System. Associations between vaginal infections and incident and 6-month persistent non-HPV16/18 infections in the cervix were evaluated using generalized estimating equations, adjusting for the age at initial vaccination, as well as HPV types in the persistence analysis. RESULTS: Study visits with any vaginal infection had a statistically significant increased risk of incident non-HPV16/18 infection compared to those without vaginal infections(OR:1.44,95%CI:1.09-1.92). However, vaginal infections were not associated with 6-month persistent non-HPV16/18 infection (OR:1.02,95%CI:0.62-1.69). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that common vaginal infections are not associated with persistence of non-HPV16/18 infection among HPV16/18-vaccinated women.

9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(18): 2203-2220, 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Folic acid has been shown to improve non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), but its roles in hepatic lipid metabolism, hepatic one-carbon metabolism, and gut microbiota are still unknown. AIM: To demonstrate the role of folic acid in lipid metabolism and gut microbiota in NASH. METHODS: Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned into three groups: Chow diet, high-fat diet (HFD), and HFD with folic acid administration. At the end of 16 wk, the liver histology, the expression of hepatic genes related to lipid metabolism, one-carbon metabolism, and gut microbiota structure analysis of fecal samples based on 16S rRNA sequencing were measured to evaluate the effect of folic acid. Palmitic acid-exposed Huh7 cell line was used to evaluate the role of folic acid in hepatic lipid metabolism. RESULTS: Folic acid treatment attenuated steatosis, lobular inflammation, and hepatocellular ballooning in rats with HFD-induced steatohepatitis. Genes related to lipid de novo lipogenesis, ß-oxidation, and lipid uptake were improved in HFD-fed folic acid-treated rats. Furthermore, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) and silence information regulation factor 1 (SIRT1) were restored by folic acid in HFD-fed rats and palmitic acid-exposed Huh7 cell line. The restoration of PPARα by folic acid was blocked after transfection with SIRT1 siRNA in the Huh7 cell line. Additionally, folic acid administration ameliorated depleted hepatic one-carbon metabolism and restored the diversity of the gut microbiota in rats with HFD-induced steatohepatitis. CONCLUSION: Folic acid improves hepatic lipid metabolism by upregulating PPARα levels via a SIRT1-dependent mechanism and restores hepatic one-carbon metabolism and diversity of gut microbiota, thereby attenuating HFD-induced NASH in rats.

10.
J Neurochem ; 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32406529

RESUMO

Cell death after spinal cord ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) can occur through necrosis, apoptosis, and autophagy, resulting in changes to the immune environment. However, the molecular mechanism of this immune regulation is not clear. Accumulating evidence indicates that microRNAs (miRs) play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of spinal cord I/R injury. Here, we hypothesized miR-22-3p may be involved in spinal cord I/R injury by interacting with interferon regulatory factor (IRF) 5. Rat models of spinal cord I/R injury were established by 12-min occlusion of the aortic arch followed by 48-hr reperfusion, with L4-6 segments of spinal cord tissues collected. MiR-22-3p agomir, a lentivirus-delivered siRNA specific for IRF5, or a lentivirus expressing wild-type IRF5 was injected intrathecally to rats with I/R injury to evaluate the effects of miR-22-3p and IRF5 on hindlimb motor function. Macrophages isolated from rats were treated with miR-22-3p mimic or siRNA specific for IRF5 to evaluate their effects on macrophage polarization. The levels of IL-1ß and TNF-α in spinal cord tissues were detected by ELISA. miR-22-3p was down-regulated, whereas IRF5 was up-regulated in rat spinal cord tissues following I/R. IRF5 was a target gene of miR-22-3p and could be negatively regulated by miR-22-3p. Silencing IRF5 or over-expressing miR-22-3p relieved inflammation, elevated Tarlov score, and reduced the degree of severity of spinal cord I/R injury. Increased miR-22-3p facilitated M2 polarization of macrophages and inhibited inflammation in tissues by inhibiting IRF5, thereby attenuating spinal cord I/R injury. Taken together, these results demonstrate that increased miR-22-3p can inhibit the progression of spinal cord I/R injury by repressing IRF5 in macrophages, highlighting the discovery of a promising new target for spinal cord I/R injury treatment.

11.
Clin Epigenetics ; 12(1): 62, 2020 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: How to best triage human papillomavirus (HPV) positive women remains controversial in an era of HPV primary screening of cervical cancer. Here, we assessed the long-term risk stratification for triaging HPV 16 positive women by standalone HPV 16 methylation and combined with E6 oncoprotein. METHODS: A total of 1742 women underwent screening with HPV DNA testing, cytology, and visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) in 2005 and were followed for 10 years. Seventy-seven women with HPV 16 positivity determined by HPV genotyping test were examined via E6 oncoprotein detection and bisulfite pyrosequencing for quantitative methylation of L1 and LCR genes of HPV 16. RESULTS: The 10-year cumulative incidence rate (CIR) of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 or severe (CIN3+) for HPV 16 positive women was 25.3% (95% CI 14.7-37.3%), which significantly increased in women with high methylation at six sites (CpG 5602, 6650, 7034, 7461, 31, and 37) and in women with positive E6 oncoprotein. A methylation panel based on the above six sites showed a competitive risk stratification compared to cytology (HR 11.5 vs. 8.1), with a higher 10-year CIR of CIN3+ in panel positives (57.2% vs 36.8%) and comparable low risk in panel negatives (5.7% vs 4.8%).The sensitivity and specificity for accumulative CIN3+ was 85.7% (95%CI 60.1-96.0%) and 78.4% (95%CI 62.8-88.6%) for a methylation panel and 57.1% (95%CI 32.6-78.6%) and 86.5% (95%CI 72.0-94.1%) for E6 oncoprotein. The AUC values of methylation standalone and the co-testing of methylation panel and E6 oncoprotein were around 0.80, comparable to 0.68 for cytology, 0.65 for viral load, and superior to 0.52 for VIA (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated the promising use of HPV 16 methylation alone or combined with E6 oncoprotein for triaging HPV 16 positive women based on the long-term risk stratification ability.

12.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(15): 1792-1804, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world. Nowadays, the percentage of non-obese or lean patients with NAFLD is increasing. NAFLD in non-obese populations, especially the lean subgroup with a normal waist circumference (WC), might lead to more problems than obese individuals, as these individuals may not visit clinics for NAFLD diagnosis or ignore the diagnosis of NAFLD. If the precise characteristics of these populations, especially the lean subgroup, are identified, the clinicians would be able to provide more appropriate advice and treatment to these populations. AIM: To investigate the prevalence, clinical characteristics, risk factors, and possible indicators for NAFLD in lean Chinese adults with a normal WC. METHODS: People without diabetes mellitus or significant alcohol consumption who underwent routine health examinations were included. Their fatty liver index (FLI), abdominal ultrasonography results, and controlled attenuation parameter were all assessed. Genotyping for single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with NAFLD was performed in another small group consisting of biopsy-proven NAFLD subjects and healthy controls. RESULTS: A total of 2715 subjects who underwent routine health examinations were included in the study. Among 810 lean participants with a normal WC, 142 (17.5%) fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for NAFLD. Waist-height ratio, hemoglobin, platelets, and triglycerides were significant factors associated with the presence of NAFLD in these participants. The appropriate cut-off value of the FLI score in screening for NAFLD in the lean subjects with a normal WC was 25.15, which had a 77.8% sensitivity and 75.9% specificity. There was no significant difference in the single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the SIRT1, APOC3, PNPLA3, AGTR1, and PPARGC1A genes between lean subjects with and without NAFLD (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: NAFLD is not uncommon in lean Chinese adults even with a normal WC. Metabolic factors, rather than genetic factors, may play important roles in the development of NAFLD in this population. A lower cut-off value of the FLI score in screening for NAFLD should be used for lean Chinese adults with a normal WC.

13.
Mol Cancer ; 19(1): 91, 2020 05 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32429928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundant reversible methylation modification of eukaryotic mRNA, and it plays vital roles in tumourigenesis. This study aimed to explore the role of the m6A demethylase ALKBH5 in pancreatic cancer (PC). METHODS: The expression of ALKBH5 and its clinicopathological impact were evaluated in PC cohorts. The effects of ALKBH5 on the biological characteristics of PC cells were investigated on the basis of gain-of-function and loss-of-function analyses. Subcutaneous and orthotopic models further uncovered the role of ALKBH5 in tumour growth. mRNA and m6A sequencing and assays of m6A methylated RNA immunoprecipitation-qPCR (MeRIP-qPCR) were performed to identify the targeted effect of ALKBH5 on PER1. P53-binding sites in the ALKBH5 promoter were investigated by ChIP and luciferase assays to reveal the interplay between ALKBH5 and PER1-activated ATM-CHK2-P53/CDC25C signalling. RESULTS: ALKBH5 loss characterized the occurrence and poor clinicopathological manifestations in patients with PC. Overexpression of ALKBH5 reduced tumoural proliferative, migrative, invasive activities in vitro and ameliorated tumour growth in vivo, whereas ALKBH5 knockdown facilitated PC progression. Mechanistically, ALKBH5 posttranscriptionally activated PER1 by m6A demethylation in an m6A-YTHDF2-dependent manner. PER1 upregulation led to the reactivation of ATM-CHK2-P53/CDC25C signalling, which inhibited cell growth. P53-induced activation of ALKBH5 transcription acted as a feedback loop regulating the m6A modifications in PC. CONCLUSION: ALKBH5 serves as a PC suppressor by regulating the posttranscriptional activation of PER1 through m6A abolishment, which may highlight a demethylation-based approach for PC diagnosis and therapy.

14.
Eur J Immunol ; 50(9): 1350-1361, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339264

RESUMO

Chronic HCV infection can lead to cirrhosis and is associated with increased mortality. Interleukin (IL)-10-producing B cells (B10 cells) are regulatory cells that suppress cellular immune responses. Here, we aimed to determine whether HCV induces B10 cells and assess the roles of the B10 cells during HCV infection. HCV-induced B10 cells were enriched in CD19hi and CD1dhi CD5+ cell populations. HCV predominantly triggered the TLR2-MyD88-NF-κB and AP-1 signaling pathways to drive IL-10 production by B cells. In a humanized murine model of persistent HCV infection, to neutralize IL-10 produced by B10 cells, mice were treated with pcCD19scFv-IL-10R, which contains the genes coding the anti-CD19 single-chain variable fragment (CD19scFv) and the extracellular domain of IL-10 receptor alpha chain (sIL-10Ra). This treatment resulted in significant reduction of B10 cells in spleen and liver, increase of cytotoxic CD8+ T-cell responses against HCV, and low viral loads in infected humanized mice. Our results indicate that targeting B10 cells via neutralization of IL-10 may offer a novel strategy to enhance anti-HCV immunotherapy.

15.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 9(1): 302-312, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013776

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) bacteria, is a leading infectious cause of mortality worldwide. The emergence of drug-resistant M. tb has made control of TB more difficult. The selective optimization of side activities (SOSA) approach uses old drugs for new pharmacological targets. In the present study by using SOSA approach, we have successfully identified pyrvinium pamoate (PP) which is capable of inhibiting the growth of mycobacteria, including M. tb H37Rv, Mycobacterium smegmatis, Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG), M. tb H37Ra, and drug-resistant M. tb clinical isolates in vitro from 1280 known drugs library. The MIC99 of PP, the minimum inhibitory concentration that inhibits more than 99% of M. tb H37Rv and the drug-resistant M. tb clinical isolates, ranges from 1.55 to 4.8 µg/mL. Importantly, PP could reduce the bacterial colony-forming units (CFUs) in lung, spleen and liver tissues, and effectively inhibit inflammatory response in M. tb H37Rv, multidrug-resistant (MDR) M. tb and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) M.tb-infected mice. Our results clearly show that the PP has the potential application for treatment of TB.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/farmacologia , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Pirvínio/farmacologia , Animais , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Camundongos , Compostos de Pirvínio/uso terapêutico , Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico
16.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 7(3): 1902235, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32042560

RESUMO

BiVO4 as a promising semiconductor absorber is widely investigated as photoanode in photoelectrochemical water splitting. Herein, the rational design of 3D hierarchical ternary SnO2/TiO2/BiVO4 arrays is reported as photoanode for photoelectrochemical application, in which the SnO2 hierarchically hollow microspheres core/nanosheets shell arrays act as conductive skeletons, while the sandwiched TiO2 and surface BiVO4 are working as hole blocking layer and light absorber, respectively. Arising to the hierarchically ordered structure and synergistic effect between each component in the composite, the ternary SnO2/TiO2/BiVO4 photoanode enables high light harvesting efficiency as well as enhanced charge transport and separation efficiency, yielding a maximum photocurrent density of ≈5.03 mA cm-2 for sulfite oxidation and ≈3.1 mA cm-2 for water oxidation, respectively, measured at 1.23 V versus reversible hydrogen electrode under simulated air mass (AM) 1.5 solar light illumination. The results reveal that electrode design and interface engineering play important roles on the overall PEC performance.

17.
Thorac Cancer ; 11(4): 956-963, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in women worldwide, with a high mortality rate. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate the expression of target genes by interacting with the target gene 3'-UTR, and participate in cell differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis and metabolism. The function of miRNA-96-5p in the progression of breast cancer has not been reported. METHODS: We used the StarBase database to investigate the expression of miRNA-96-5p in breast cancer and adjacent normal tissues. FOXO3 3'-UTR construct and luciferase reporter assays was performed for the target gene. Expression levels of miRNAs including its target were analyzed by qRT-PCR and western blot. Cell proliferation was detected by CCK8 and colony formation, EdU assay. RESULTS: Luciferase reporter assays showed miRNA-96-5p directly targeted FOXO3. Abrogation of miRNA-96-5p by transfection with its inhibitors in breast cancer cells significantly suppressed miRNA-96-5p expression and breast cancer cells proliferation. Western blot revealed that overexpression of miRNA-96-5p substantially reduced FOXO3 protein expression. We used the GEPIA, UALCAN and KM-plotter databases to investigate the expression of FOXO3 in human breast cancer and adjacent normal tissues, and its correlation with survival. In addition, we found that FOXO3 spoiled miR-96-5p induced breast cancer cell proliferation block effecting. CONCLUSIONS: miRNA-96-5p may exert a tumor promotion role through negatively regulating tumor suppressor gene FOXO3 and promoting cell proliferation.

18.
J Dig Dis ; 21(3): 179-188, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the therapeutic mechanism of Yinzhihuang (YZH) liquid, a traditional Chinese medicine mainly composed of extracts of four components, on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) induced by a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet (HFHCD) in rats. METHODS: Altogether 30 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into three groups: control, the model group (HFHCD + saline) and the treatment group (HFHCD + YZH). Liver histological features and serum biochemical parameters were assessed by the end of the 16th week. RNA sequencing and protein mass spectrometry detection were performed. The genes and proteins expressed differentially were subjected to KEGG pathway enrichment analysis and included in a network-based regulatory model. RESULTS: The weight, liver and fat indices and serum alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase and total cholesterol levels of the HFHCD + YZH group were all significantly lower than those of the HFHCD + saline group. Moreover, their hepatic steatosis, ballooning and lobular inflammation were relieved, and 64 hepatic genes and 73 hepatic proteins were found to be reversed in their expression patterns after YZH treatment (P < 0.05). The network-based regulatory model showed that these deregulated genes and proteins were mainly involved in oxidative phosphorylation, Toll-like receptor, nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor signaling, nuclear factor-kappa B tumor necrosis factor signaling pathways and fatty acid metabolism. CONCLUSION: YZH could alleviate NASH in HFHCD-fed rats by inhibiting lipogenesis, accelerating lipid ß-oxidation, alleviating oxidative stress and relieving necroinflammation in the liver.

19.
Gynecol Oncol ; 156(3): 616-623, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937451

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate long-term outcomes of biopsy-confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 (CIN1) or normal cervix and identify the cofactors during disease progression. METHODS: In 1999, a cervical cancer screening cohort in Shanxi, China, enrolled 1997 women aged 35-45. They were followed up at year 6, 11, and 15 after enrollment with high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) DNA testing, liquid-based cytology, and visual inspection with acetic acid. Progression, persistence, and regression rates were calculated, stratified by baseline hrHPV and cytological status. Risk factors associated with hrHPV acquisition, persistence, and progression were examined. RESULTS: The cumulative rates of progression to CIN2+ among CIN1 over 6, 11, and 15 years were 7.5%, 21.4%, and 24.0%, respectively; the regression rates to normal cervix were 85.0%, 76.7%, and 72.9%, respectively. Over 6, 11, and 15 years, 0.7%, 2.9%, and 5.2% of normal cervix developed CIN2+, respectively, but over 90% remained normal after 15 years. CIN1 or normal cervix positive for hrHPV had significantly higher progression rates to CIN2+ than those without hrHPV. Similarly, the severity of cytological status was found to be associated with an increased risk of developing CIN2+. Women who had an earlier sexual debut were at a higher risk of acquiring new HPV infection and repeated HPV infections. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical follow-up strategies for women with CIN1 or normal cervix could be adjusted accordingly based on hrHPV/cytology status.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Idoso , Biópsia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
20.
Virol Sin ; 35(1): 73-82, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637632

RESUMO

Prototype foamy virus (PFV) is a unique retrovirus that infects animals and humans and does not cause clinical symptoms. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are believed to exert multiple regulatory functions during viral infections. Previously, we utilized RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) to characterize and identify the lncRNA lnc-RP5-1086D14.3.1-1:1 (lnc-RP5), which is markedly decreased in PFV-infected cells. However, little is known about the function of lnc-RP5 during PFV infection. In this study, we identified lnc-RP5 as a regulator of the PFV transcriptional transactivator (Tas). Lnc-RP5 enhanced the activity of the PFV internal promoter (IP). The expression of PFV Tas was found to be promoted by lnc-RP5. Moreover, miR-129-5p was found to be involved in the lnc-RP5-mediated promotion of PFV IP activity, while the Notch1 protein suppressed the activity of PFV IP and the expression of Tas. Our results demonstrate that lnc-RP5 promotes the expression of PFV Tas through the miR-129-5p/Notch1/PFV IP axis. This work provides evidence that host lncRNAs can manipulate PFV replication by employing miRNAs and proteins during an early viral infection.


Assuntos
Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Receptor Notch1/genética , Spumavirus/genética , Transativadores/genética , Proteínas Virais/genética , Linhagem Celular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA
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