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1.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 908: 174353, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274339

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of glycyrrhizic acid (GA) in regulating myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) in rats as well as the underlying mechanism. H9c2 cells were subjected to hypoxia/re-oxygenation (H/R) to mimic the MIRI in vitro, while a rat model of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) was constructed by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 0.5 h followed by 2 h of reperfusion. While flow cytometry and TUNEL assay were performed to analyze apoptosis in cells and myocardial tissue, echocardiography, hematoxylin and eosin staining, and Masson's trichrome staining were conducted to evaluate cardiac function and pathological changes, respectively. The levels of serum CK, CK-MB, LDH, AST, TNF-α, and IL-6 as well as the contents of MDA and SOD in tissues were measured by ELISA, while Western blot analysis was performed to detect the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-related proteins. GA treatment significantly reduced apoptosis in H9c2 cells, while it alleviated left ventricular dysfunction, fibrosis and myocardial apoptosis, down-regulated the levels of CK, CK-MB, LDH, AST, TNF-α, IL-6, and MDA, and up-regulated SOD levels in I/R rats. Moreover, GA treatment led to a decrease in the expression of CHOP, GRP78, and p-PERK in both H/R cells and I/R rats. This study demonstrates that cardioprotective role of GA in MIRI may involve the attenuation of ERS-induced apoptosis and inflammation, potentially providing an alternative strategy for intervention of MIRI.

2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6644827, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834070

RESUMO

Objective: This study is aimed at understanding the molecular mechanisms and exploring potential therapeutic targets for atrial fibrillation (AF) by multiomics analysis. Methods: Transcriptomics and methylation data of AF patients were retrieved from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differentially methylated sites between AF and normal samples were screened. Then, highly expressed and hypomethylated and lowly expressed and hypermethylated genes were identified for AF. Weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) was presented to construct AF-related coexpression networks. 52 AF blood samples were used for whole exome sequence. The mutation was visualized by the maftools package in R. Key genes were validated in AF using independent datasets. Results: DEGs were identified between AF and controls, which were enriched in neutrophil activation and regulation of actin cytoskeleton. RHOA, CCR2, CASP8, and SYNPO2L exhibited abnormal expression and methylation, which have been confirmed to be related to AF. PCDHA family genes had high methylation and low expression in AF. We constructed two AF-related coexpression modules. Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was the most common mutation type in AF, especially T > C. MUC4 was the most frequent mutation gene, followed by PHLDA1, AHNAK2, and MAML3. There was no statistical difference in expression of AHNAK2 and MAML3, for AF. PHLDA1 and MUC4 were confirmed to be abnormally expressed in AF. Conclusion: Our findings identified DEGs related to DNA methylation and mutation for AF, which may offer possible therapeutic targets and a new insight into the pathogenesis of AF from a multiomics perspective.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/genética , Epigênese Genética , Genômica , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Idoso , Caderinas/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6653802, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33860048

RESUMO

Objective: Multiple genes have been identified to cause dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Nevertheless, there is still a lack of comprehensive elucidation of the molecular characteristics for DCM. Herein, we aimed to uncover putative molecular features for DCM by multiomics analysis. Methods: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained from different RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) datasets of left ventricle samples from healthy donors and DCM patients. Furthermore, protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis was then presented. Differentially methylated genes (DMGs) were identified between DCM and control samples. Following integration of DEGs and DMGs, differentially expressed and methylated genes were acquired and their biological functions were analyzed by the clusterProfiler package. Whole exome sequencing of blood samples from 69 DCM patients was constructed in our cohort, which was analyzed the maftools package. The expression of key mutated genes was verified by three independent datasets. Results: 1407 common DEGs were identified for DCM after integration of the two RNA-seq datasets. A PPI network was constructed, composed of 171 up- and 136 downregulated genes. Four hub genes were identified for DCM, including C3 (degree = 24), GNB3 (degree = 23), QSOX1 (degree = 21), and APOB (degree = 17). Moreover, 285 hyper- and 321 hypomethylated genes were screened for DCM. After integration, 20 differentially expressed and methylated genes were identified, which were associated with cell differentiation and protein digestion and absorption. Among single-nucleotide variant (SNV), C>T was the most frequent mutation classification for DCM. MUC4 was the most frequent mutation gene which occupied 71% across 69 samples, followed by PHLDA1, AHNAK2, and MAML3. These mutated genes were confirmed to be differentially expressed between DCM and control samples. Conclusion: Our findings comprehensively analyzed molecular characteristics from the transcriptome, epigenome, and genome perspectives for DCM, which could provide practical implications for DCM.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/genética , Epigenoma , Genoma Humano , Genômica , Transcriptoma/genética , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/sangue , Metilação de DNA/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Mutação/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
4.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(5): 119, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33005245

RESUMO

α1-antitrypsin (AAT) is a protein released as part of the anti-inflammatory response. It regulates the activity of serine proteinases and has a crucial role in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The present study aimed to examine its role in patients with ACS. The plasma samples of 117 patients were collected at the Cardiology Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Youjiang Medical University (Baise, China). These included 46 cases of ACS (who met the diagnostic criteria for ACS and had ≥50% luminal stenosis of any coronary vessel), 35 cases of stable angina (SA; with ≥50% luminal stenosis of any coronary vessel but in a stable condition) and 36 normal healthy controls (subjects with no luminal stenosis in their coronary arteries). Plasma AAT protein concentrations were measured by ELISA and clinical data were collected. The plasma levels of AAT protein in patients with ACS were lower than those in controls and cases of SA (P<0.05), and the levels tended to decrease with the number of coronary artery lesions involved. There were no significant associations of the expression of plasma AAT protein and the number of diseased vessels in patients or the degree of stenosis. There was no correlation between the plasma protein levels of AAT and Gensini scores of patients with ACS. In conclusion, the plasma AAT protein levels in patients with ACS may contribute to the occurrence and development of coronary artery disease.

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