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1.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 960327120905959, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054340

RESUMO

Cytochrome P450 4B1 (CYP4B1) plays crucial roles in biotransforming of xenobiotics. Its predominant extrahepatic expression has been associated with certain tissue-specific toxicities. However, the expressions of CYP4B1 in various cancers and hence their potential roles in cancer development were inclusive. In this work, existing knowledge on expression and regulation of CYP4B1 gene and protein, catalysis of CYP4B1, association of CYP4B1 with cancers, contradicting findings about human CYP4B1 activities as well as the employing CYP4B1 in suicide gene approach for cancer treatment were reviewed. To date, it appears that there is a wide spectrum of tissue distribution of CYP4B1 with lungs as the predominant sites. Several nuclear receptors are possibly responsible for regulating its gene expression. The involvement of CYP4B1 in cancer was considered via activation of procarcinogens and neovascularization. However, human CYP4B1 was found to be inactive due to a substitution of proline with serine at position 427. Suicide gene approach combining reengineered CYP4B1 and prodrug 4-ipomeanol (4-IPO) has shown a promising potential for targeted cancer therapy. Further studies should focus on the verification of human CYP4B1 catalytic activities. More compounds with similar structure as 4-IPO should be tested to identify more alternative agents for the suicide gene approach in cancer treatment.

2.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(1): 58-63, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023720

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of adult inpatients with gas burns in the Department of Burns of Hwa Mei Hospital of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (hereinafter referred to as the author's unit) , so as to provide evidence for the prevention of gas burn. Methods: Medical records of all inpatients with flame burns admitted to the author's unit from January 2011 to December 2017 were collected. The percentage of adult inpatients with gas burns in total inpatients with flame burns in the same period, and their gender, age, injury season, accident place, burn severity, common compound injury, complication, population caliber, education, industry, as well as the pre-injury disease and prognosis of elderly inpatients with gas burns were retrospectively analyzed. In addition, the age, accident place, education, and industry of the floating population in the adult inpatients with gas burns were analyzed separately and compared with the total population of adult inpatients with gas burns in 7 years. Data were processed with chi-square test or Fisher's exact probability test (Monte Carlo algorithm). Results: During the 7 years, 1 490 inpatients with flame burns were admitted to the author's unit, among which 511 were adult inpatients with gas burns, accounting for 34.30%. The number of adult inpatients with gas burns increased gradually during the 7 years, but its percentage in the total inpatients with flame burns during the same period showed no significant difference (χ(2)=7.087, P>0.05). Among the 511 adult inpatients with gas burns (hereinafter referred to as the patients in this group), there were 315 males and 196 females, with a male/female ratio of 1.61 to 1.00, and the middle-aged patients were the most, up to 270 cases, accounting for 52.84%. The distribution of adult inpatients with gas burns during the 7 years was significantly different in gender and age (χ(2)=54.810, 27.832, P<0.01). Among the patients in this group, most were injured in summer, totally 251 cases, accounting for 49.12%, and the accident place was mainly at home, totally 388 cases, accounting for 75.93%. The distribution of adult inpatients with gas burns during the 7 years was significantly different in injury season (χ(2)=42.254, P<0.01), but not in accident place (χ(2)=6.782, P>0.05). The patients in this group were mainly with moderate burns (237 cases, accounting for 46.38%), and the distribution trend of burn severity of adult inpatients with gas burns was basically the same during the 7 years (χ(2)=19.680, P>0.05); 176 patients (34.44%) were accompanied by inhalation injury, and 30 patients (5.87%) were accompanied by blast injury of lung; post injury complications occurred in 20 patients (3.91%). In the elderly inpatients with gas burns, 44.44% (32/72) were accompanied by pre-injury basic diseases, and the proportion of death or unhealed reached 18.06% (13/72). Most of the patients in this group were permanent residents (358 cases, accounting for 70.06%) and received secondary education (304 cases, accounting for 59.49%), and the majority of them were engaged in manufacturing/construction (138 cases, accounting for 27.01%), self-employed business (90 cases, accounting for 17.61%), and catering (90 cases, accounting for 17.61%) industries. The distribution of adult inpatients with gas burns during the 7 years was significantly different in population caliber, education, and occupation (χ(2)=17.496, 29.898, 88.896, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Among the patients of this group, the floating population were mainly young (90 cases, accounting for 58.82%) and middle-aged (62 cases, accounting for 40.52%), with main accident place at home (97 cases, accounting for 63.40%), generally received secondary education (101 cases, accounting for 66.01%), and were mainly engaged in manufacturing/construction (71 cases, accounting for 46.41%), self-employed business (26 cases, accounting for 16.99%), and catering (20 cases, accounting for 13.07%) industries. Compared with the total adult inpatients with gas burns in 7 years, the floating population were younger, more injured in the workplace, and more concentrated in industry (χ(2)=42.924, 9.390, 27.819, P<0.01). Conclusions: Gas burn was the leading injury cause of inpatients with flame burns in the author's unit, which mainly occurred in summer and at home; the patients were mainly male, young and middle-aged, and permanent residents, most of which were with moderate burn, often accompanied by inhalation injury. Most of the patients were of secondary education, engaged in manufacturing/construction, self-employed business, and catering industries, among which the floating population were younger, more injured in the workplace, and more concentrated in industry. In order to prevent gas burn, we should pay more attention to the propaganda and education of gas safety among young and middle-aged men, floating population, retired old people and housewives, especially in summer, we should do a good job in gas safety inspection at home. In addition, we should urge enterprises to further strengthen the supervision of production safety.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Pacientes Internados , Idoso , Queimaduras/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Cancer Radiother ; 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046914

RESUMO

Radiation therapy (RT) is an effective treatment for cancer. Approximately, 70% of cancer patients receive RT in China. The immune-modulating effect of radiation therapy have gained considerable interest in recent years and there have been multiple reports of synergy between radiation and immunotherapy. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are a group of T cell subsets with immunosuppressive function, which is correlated with cancer. Tregs are involved in the pathogenesis, development, treatment and prognosis of tumors by cell-cell contact, cytokines, and cell metabolism. Based on the immunological characteristics of Tregs, this article reviews the interaction between RT and immune molecules, aiming to provide new ideas for RT combined with immunotherapy.

4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 99-103, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914576

RESUMO

To explore the epidemiological characteristics, trends and relevant factors of pre-hospital mortality due to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from 1999 to 2016 in Tianjin city, based on mortality surveillance information and household registration population information. Standardized mortality rates were calculated using the year 2000 world standard population. From 1999 to 2016, the research result showed that the pre-hospital crude mortality rates of AMI were 39.47/100 000 to 90.64/100 000 and the standardized mortality rates were 30.92/100 000 to 53.90/100 000. The proportion of pre-hospital AMI deaths was 73.96%-81.92% (t=1.09, P>0.05) within the same period. Aged, female, rural residents, unmarried, divorced, widowed, low education level, and outdoor workers have a relative higher proportion of pre-hospital AMI mortality.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , Fatores Socioeconômicos
5.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(1): 61-65, 2020 Jan 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937065

RESUMO

Visual evoked potential (VEP) is often used for the objective evaluation for impairment of visual function. Although these VEP-related tests have good results in the assessment of glaucoma, their application as routine tests in the clinical diagnosis of glaucoma is limited due to the time consumption and easy interference by the environment and the reliance on the experience of the doctors. However, several new VEP detection modes have emerged in the past decade, such as short-duration transient VEP and isolated check VEP. Preliminary studies have shown that both of them have good diagnostic ability in glaucoma, and more studies on the clinical application of these latest technologies are conducive to further understanding of their value in the visual function evaluation and follow-up of glaucoma. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2020, 56: 61-65).


Assuntos
Potenciais Evocados Visuais , Glaucoma , Visão Ocular/fisiologia , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos
6.
J Neurosci ; 40(1): 143-158, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685652

RESUMO

Down syndrome cell adhesion molecules (dscam and dscaml1) are essential regulators of neural circuit assembly, but their roles in vertebrate neural circuit function are still mostly unexplored. We investigated the functional consequences of dscaml1 deficiency in the larval zebrafish (sexually undifferentiated) oculomotor system, where behavior, circuit function, and neuronal activity can be precisely quantified. Genetic perturbation of dscaml1 resulted in deficits in retinal patterning and light adaptation, consistent with its known roles in mammals. Oculomotor analyses revealed specific deficits related to the dscaml1 mutation, including severe fatigue during gaze stabilization, reduced saccade amplitude and velocity in the light, greater disconjugacy, and impaired fixation. Two-photon calcium imaging of abducens neurons in control and dscaml1 mutant animals confirmed deficits in saccade-command signals (indicative of an impairment in the saccadic premotor pathway), whereas abducens activation by the pretectum-vestibular pathway was not affected. Together, we show that loss of dscaml1 resulted in impairments in specific oculomotor circuits, providing a new animal model to investigate the development of oculomotor premotor pathways and their associated human ocular disorders.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Dscaml1 is a neural developmental gene with unknown behavioral significance. Using the zebrafish model, this study shows that dscaml1 mutants have a host of oculomotor (eye movement) deficits. Notably, the oculomotor phenotypes in dscaml1 mutants are reminiscent of human ocular motor apraxia, a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by reduced saccade amplitude and gaze stabilization deficits. Population-level recording of neuronal activity further revealed potential subcircuit-specific requirements for dscaml1 during oculomotor behavior. These findings underscore the importance of dscaml1 in the development of visuomotor function and characterize a new model to investigate potential circuit deficits underlying human oculomotor disorders.

7.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(12): 927-933, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826598

RESUMO

Objectives: To examine the value of multi-slice spiral CT angiography (MSCTA) in the analysis of anatomical variation and structural classification of right colon vessels. Methods: From August 2015 to August 2017, 198 patients (96 of whom underwent laparoscopic radical resection of right colon cancer) at Department of General surgery of Peking University First Hospital were retrospectively collected, and the results of abdominal enhanced CT scan were collected and three-dimensional reconstruction of blood vessels was performed. There were 104 males and 94 females. The age was 64(27) years (M(Q(R)), range: 19 to 87 years). Right gastroepiploic vein, anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal vein, right colonic vein (RCV), superior right colonic vein, ileocolon artery or vein (ICA or ICV), middle colon artery or vein (MCA or MCV) and Henle trunk were observed and recorded respectively. The anatomical relationship between the positions of blood vessels, the length of Henle trunk and surgical trunk were measured. Results: ICV and ICA were the most constant anatomic structures. The ICV/ICA of all patients came directly from SMV/SMA, 36.9% (73/198) ICV going in front of SMV and 63.1% (125/198) behind SMV. 72.2% (143/198) of the patients had RCV imported into Henle trunk and the rest into SMV. Middle colonic vein (MCV) could be observed in 81.3% (161/198) of the cases. 81.4% (131/161) of MCV were imported into SMV, 16.8% (27/161) into Henle trunk, 1.2% (2/161) into the first jejunal vein and 0.6% (1/161) into the splenic vein. Henle trunk was divided into 4 types, among which the occurrence probability of gastric node and pancreatic trunk was the highest. The dry length of Henle trunk was (0.82±0.39) cm (range: 0.37 to 1.68 cm). The length of surgical trunk was (2.54±0.83) cm (range: 1.57 to 3.95 cm). Accuracy of MSCTA results was 96.9%(93/96). Conclusions: Anatomical variation of blood vessels in the right colon is common. Abdominal CT angiography can accurately determine the anatomical structure of the blood vessels in the right colon.


Assuntos
Colo/irrigação sanguínea , Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colectomia/métodos , Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Estudos Retrospectivos , Circulação Esplâncnica , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral , Adulto Jovem
8.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(5): 567-571, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833290

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To study the effect of overwork stress response on the expression of connexin 43(Cx43) and connexin 45(Cx45) in cardiomyocytes and on cardiac function. Methods The experimental animals were divided into control group, overworked 1-month group and overworked 2-month group. A overworked rat model was established by forcing swimming of overworked group. The expressions of Cx43 and Cx45 in myocardial tissues of experimental animals were detected by Western blotting, while the corresponding myocardial tissues were stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and Masson's staining, then histologically observed. Results Western blotting results showed that, compared with the control group, Cx43 expression in myocardial tissues of overworked rats decreased while Cx45 expression increased. HE staining and Masson's staining results showed that hypertrophy, rupture and interstitial fiber tissue hyperplasia were observed in myocardial fibers of overworked rats. Conclusion Overwork stress response may affect cardiac function as an independent factor and may even cause heart failure or arrhythmias and lead to death.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Conexinas/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Animais , Arritmias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Miocárdio , Ratos
9.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(6): 1042-1047, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848501

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of clinical factors on the pathogen culture results in the patients with pyogenic spondylitis, and to find out clinical controllable factors which could increase the positive rate of the pathogen culture. METHODS: A retrospective study reviewed 40 patients who were diagnosed with pyogenic spondylitis in Peking University First Hospital from January 2011 to July 2017. The patients were divided into two groups depending on the culture results, culture negative or culture positive. The influence of clinical uncontrollable factors [the patient's age, gender, predisposing factors, infection site except spine, visual analogue score (VAS), course of disease, spinal segment, white blood cell (WBC), (neutrophilic granulocyte)% (NE%), the incidence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), the incidence of paravertebral abscess] and controllable factors (prior antibiotics exposure within 2 weeks, tissue homogenate, surgical approach) on pathogen culture results were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 40 patients, 18 patients were female and 22 patients were male. Causative germ was identified in 24/40 patients (60.00%) and dominant by gram positive cocci (68.00%). For clinical uncontrollable factors, there was no significant difference between the two groups in the patient's age, gender, predisposing factors, infection site except spine, VAS, course of disease, spinal segment, WBC, NE% and the incidence of SIRS. ESR [(94.38±6.91) mm/h, P=0.023)], CRP [(64.74±13.51) mg/L, P=0.040], and the incidence of paravertebral abscess (75%, P=0.018) in culture negative group were lower in contrast to culture positive group. For clinical controllable factors, prior antibiotics exposure within 2 weeks (P=0.058, OR=4.030, 95%CI: 0.956-16.993) and tissue homogenate (P=0.014, OR=0.171, 95%CI: 0.042-0.695) were significantly associated with the pathogen culture result. Surgical approach was not significantly associated with pathogen culture result. CONCLUSION: Patients with high level of ESR, CRP, and paravertebral abscess, would have high positive rate of pathogenic culture. Prior antibiotics exposure was associated with lower positive pathogen culture rate. Culture with tissue homogenate was more likely to find the causative germ, especially for patients without paravertebral abscess who had low level of ESR, CRP and prior antibiotics exposure.


Assuntos
Espondilite , Abscesso , Antibacterianos , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Anim Genet ; 2019 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887789

RESUMO

Enhancers, as the genomic non-coding sequences, play a key role in the activation of gene expression. They have been widely identified in the human genome. Pig is an important biomedical model for human health. Few studies have been performed to explore the enhancers in the pig genome. The human enhancer information may be useful to identify enhancers in the pig genome. In addition, the genetic background of pig traits could be useful to annotate human enhancers and diseases. Thus, in order to further study enhancers and their potential roles in human and pig, we developed a public database, ETph (Enhancers and their Targets in pig and human). ETph integrates the information on human enhancers, pig putative enhancers, target genes, pig QTL terms, human diseases, GO terms and the KEGG pathway. A total of 25 182 enhancers were identified in the pig genome using the human homology sequence information. Among them, 6232 high-confidence enhancers were used to build the ETph. ETph provides a convenient platform to search, browse and download data. Moreover, a web-based analytical tool was designed to visualize networks and topology graphs among pig putative enhancers, target genes, pig QTL traits and human diseases. ETph might provide a useful tool for researchers to investigate the genetic background of pig traits and human diseases. ETph is freely accessible at http://klab.sjtu.edu.cn/enhancer/.

11.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; : e1-e3, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755731

RESUMO

Parkes Weber syndrome is a rare congenital condition of the vascular system with severe symptoms and life-threatening complications. The challenge is to manage the arteriovenous malformations, and there is no consensus on optimal treatment. We report the case of an 18-year-old woman with Parkes Weber syndrome who was treated with ethanol combined with coil embolisation at an early stage. After two sessions of embolisation, a significant devascularisation was achieved. No sign of recurrence was observed two years after the initial procedure. The patient's symptoms and signs were greatly relieved during the follow-up period. This case raises awareness of Parkes Weber syndrome and highlights the importance of timely intervention, as well as offering a promising therapeutic option for this condition.

12.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 840-847, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694133

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the prognostic value of four important driver gene mutations in patients with radical resection of pancreatic cancer. Methods: The clinical data and follow-up data of pancreatic cancer patients undergoing radical pancreatectomy and targeted sequencing from January 2016 to March 2018 at Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Changhai Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.There were 159 males and 88 females,aged of (60.8±8.7)years(range:33-83 years) and preoperative CA19-9 of (492.4±496.6)kU/L(range: 2-1 200 kU/L). One hundred and fifty nine cases of tumors were located in the head and 88 cases in the body and tail of the pancreas. After univariate analysis of clinical pathological factors (including gender, age, preoperative CA19-9, tumor location, tumor differentiation, pathological T and N stage, Micr. perineural invasion, Micr. lympho-vascular invasion, resection margin), the variable whose P<0.1 was included in COX regression model with four important driver gene mutations to find which mutation was related to prognosis independently. The number of gene mutations and KRAS subgroups were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier curve. Results: Among 247 patients,the number of KRAS,TP53, SMAD4 and CDKN2A mutations was 212 cases(85.8%), 160 cases(64.8%), 66 cases(26.7%) and 44 cases(17.8%),respectively.KRAS mutation was correlated with the tumor differentiation and pathological T stage (χ(2)=24.570/6.690, P=0.000/0.035), TP53 mutation was correlated with the tumor differentiation and the resected margin(χ(2)=5.500/4.620, P=0.019/0.032), and CDKN2A mutation was correlated with gender(χ(2)=16.574, P=0.000).COX regression model analysis showed that only KRAS mutation was an independent risk factor for disease free survival and overall survival(HR=1.776, 95%CI: 1.079-2.923, P=0.024; HR=1.923, 95%CI: 1.016-3.639, P=0.045); KRAS(G12D) mutation was associated with shorter OS(P=0.007). Conclusion: KRAS and its subgroup KRAS(G12D) mutation can be used as a prognostic index for patients with radical resection of pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos Glicosídicos Associados a Tumores/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteína Smad4/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(11): 1141-1146, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683402

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the status and food sources of daily dietary intake of sodium and potassium among adult inhabitants in Tianjin city, and to compare the consistence of sodium and potassium intake determined by combination of 3 consecutive 24-hour recalls and weighing family condiments (3 d dietary survey method) with 24 h urine sodium and potassium determination. Methods: Multistage cluster sampling method was applied to select 1 955 adult inhabitants from 840 households of 7 districts in Tianjin in 2015. Questionnaire survey was used to obtain basic information, 3 d dietary method was used to obtain dietary information, and 450 subjects was selected by systematic random sampling method for 24 h urine collection and determination of sodium and potassium, and 153 complete 24 h urine samples were selected by the coefficient of urinary creatinine excretion, then the consistence of the determination was compared with 3 d dietary survey method. Results: 1 828 subjects were enrolled in this study with age of (54.6±14.7) years, among which 858 were male (46.9%). The average standard intake of sodium and potassium per people per day were (5 631.2±3 372.1) mg and (1 662.1±750.5) mg, while the average actual daily intake were (5 315.8±3 196.5) mg and (1 560.7±696.8) mg. 98.7% (1 804/1 828) of the subjects had dietary sodium intake exceeding the recommended adequate intake of China residents(1 300-1 500 mg/d), while 78.5% (1 435/1 828) consumed dietary potassium below the recommended adequate intake(2 000 mg/d). The main resource of sodium was condiments, among which cooking salt accounted for 61.5%, soy sauce accounted for 11.2%. Potassium mainly came from cereals (32.4%) and vegetables (18.1%). Compared with the 24 h urine sodium method, 3 d dietary method overestimated the sodium intake with a gap [median (P(25), P(75))] as 401.7 (-1 130.6, 1 939.5) mg/d with statistical difference (P<0.05). The gap [median (P(25)-P(75))] for potassium between the two methods was 79.1 (-577.5, 565.2) mg/d, without statistical difference (P>0.05). Conclusion: The dietary intake of sodium is high while potassium is low among adults inhabitants in Tianjin city. Compared with the 24 h urine sodium and potassium determination, the 3 d dietary method has a good consistency in evaluating the dietary potassium intake level of the population, but overestimates the dietary sodium intake.


Assuntos
Potássio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Potássio/urina , Sódio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Sódio/urina , Adulto , Idoso , China , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594136

RESUMO

Objective: To development of ethylene glycol samples in silicone tubes, and the samples were applied to inter-laboratory comparison, through it to evaluate the detection capacity of occupational health testing laboratories. Methods: Three content levels of ethylene glycol samples in silicone tubes were prepared, and the homogeneity and stability of samples were investigated, the results were statistically analyzed. A robust statistical four-point distance method was used to calculate the results submitted by each participant laboratory and the test capability of the laboratory was assessed by the z-score method. Results: The statistic of the homogeneity of ethylene glycol samples in silicone tubes were less than the critical value (P>0.05) , and the samples were stable at room temperature for one month. The satisfactory rate of comparison between 204 laboratories was 88.24%. Conclusion: The homogeneity and stability of the ethylene glycol samples in the silicone tubes can meet the requirements of proficiency testing and can be used for laboratory comparison. Most of the laboratories that participated in the comparison had the ability to detect ethylene glycol.


Assuntos
Etilenoglicol , Laboratórios/normas , Silicones , Saúde do Trabalhador
17.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587152

RESUMO

Numerous inherent and acquired genetic alterations have been demonstrated with resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (anti-EGFR) therapy in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. Although the common oncogenic driver mutations identified include KRAS, NRAS, BRAF, and PI3K, recent studies report a vital role played by human epithelial growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) amplification in acquired resistance to anti-EGFR therapy. HER2 amplification has been associated with poor prognosis in many malignancies including breast and gastric cancer and is also a negative predictor of anti-EGFR therapy. Given the relevance of HER2 amplification in conferring an anti-EGFR resistance, this paper reviews the prevalence of HER2 amplification in mCRC while exploring the prognostic and predictive values of this biomarker. Further, we also discuss the results of the studies that explored the utilization of anti-HER2-targeted therapies in mCRC. HER2-directed therapies have the ability to change the treatment algorithm in clinically relevant small subset of patients with HER2-amplified mCRC.

18.
J Dairy Sci ; 102(11): 10291-10303, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477291

RESUMO

Maternal supply of methyl donors such as methionine (Met) during late pregnancy can affect offspring growth and development. The objective was to investigate the effect of postruminal Met supply during late pregnancy on 1-carbon, Met cycle, and transsulfuration pathways in the calf liver. During the last 28 d of pregnancy, cows were individually fed a control diet or the control diet plus rumen-protected dl-Met (MET; 0.09% dry matter intake). Liver samples obtained from calves (n = 14/group) at 4, 14, 28, and 50 d of age were used for metabolomics, real-time PCR, and enzyme activity analyses. Genes associated with 1-carbon metabolism, DNA methylation, and the cytidine 5'-diphosphocholine-choline pathway were analyzed via real-time PCR. Activity of betaine homocysteine methyltransferase, cystathionine ß-synthase, and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate homocysteine methyltransferase (MTR) was analyzed using 14C isotopes. Data were analyzed using a mixed model that included the fixed effects of maternal treatment, day, and their interaction, and the random effect was calf within maternal diet. Calves born to dams offered MET tended to have greater birth body weight and had overall greater body weight during the first 9 wk of life. However, no differences were detected for daily feed intake and average daily gain between groups. Concentrations of betaine and choline, reflecting Met cycle activity, at d 14 through 28 were greater in MET calves. Transsulfuration pathway intermediates also were altered in MET calves, with concentrations of cysteine sulfinic acid and hypotaurine (d 4 and 14) and taurine being greater (d 4, 14, 28, and 50). Despite the lack of differences in daily feed intake, the greater concentrations of the tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates fumarate and glutamate along with NAD/NADH in MET calves indicated enhanced rates of energy metabolism. Although activity of betaine homocysteine methyltransferase was greater in MET calves at d 14, cystathionine ß-synthase was lower and increased at d 14 and 28, where it was greater compared with the control diet. Activity of MTR was lower at d 4 and 50 in MET calves. Among gene targets measured, MET calves had greater overall expression of MTR, phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase, and choline kinase α and ß. An interaction of maternal diet by time was detected for mRNA abundance of DNA methyltransferase 3α (involved in de novo methylation) due to greater values at d 4 and 14 in MET calves. Overall, the data indicate that enhanced postruminal supply of Met to cows during late pregnancy may program hepatic metabolism of the calf in the context of maintaining Met homeostasis, phosphatidylcholine and taurine synthesis, DNA methylation, and energy metabolism. These alterations potentially result in better efficiency of nutrient use, hence conferring the calf a physiologic advantage during a period of rapid growth and development. The precise biologic mechanisms remain to be established.


Assuntos
Betaína-Homocisteína S-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Carbono/metabolismo , Bovinos/fisiologia , Metabolismo Energético , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Metionina/administração & dosagem , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Betaína/metabolismo , Betaína-Homocisteína S-Metiltransferase/genética , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Bovinos/genética , Bovinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Colina/metabolismo , Dieta/veterinária , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Fígado/enzimologia , Parto , Gravidez , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Pré-Natal , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Rúmen/metabolismo
19.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(9): 896-899, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474070

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between the level of mental stimulation and the suicide attempts of rural residents in Shandong Province. Methods: A 1:1 matched case-control study was designed to collect 1 200 cases from a survey of three suicide attempts in rural areas of Shandong Province. Controls were selected according to the following matched factors: age difference within 3 years, same gender, same village or neighboring village, no blood relationship, no suicide history. The basic characteristics of all subjects were collected through the questionnaire, and the level of mental stimulation of life events was measured. Multivariate conditional logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between the level of mental stimulation of life events and suicide attempts. Results: The mean age of the case group and the control group was both (36.6±0.3) years old, and 35.8% (430/1 200) were males in each group. The low-medium level of mental stimulation of negative life events in the case group was 16.7% (200/1 200) and 61.7% (740/1 200), respectively, which was higher than that in the control group, about 2.5% (30/1 200) and 29.3% (352/1 200) (all P values <0.05), respectively. A total of 11.1% (133/1 200) of the case group had positive life events, which was lower than that of the control group [16.8% (201/1 200)] (all P values<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that after the adjustment of gender, age, place of residence, education level, marital status, occupation, family income, somatic disease, mental disorders, family history of suicide, and opposite life events, the low-medium and high level of mental stimulation of negative life events were risk factors for suicide attempts, with OR (95%CI) as 5.88 (4.53-7.64) and 13.94 (8.15-23.86), respectively. Mental stimulation of positive life events was protective factor of suicide attempts, with OR (95%CI) as 0.58 (0.41-0.82). Conclusion: Mental stimulation of negative and positive life events were risk and protective factors for suicide attempts.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , População Rural , Tentativa de Suicídio , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/complicações , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Tentativa de Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(15): 6612-6620, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378903

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Glioma is one of the most frequent brain tumors in adults, and it has a low 5-year survival rate. MicroRNA-92a (miR-92a) has been reported to be upregulated and acted as an oncogene in many cancers. The purpose of this study was to explore the molecular mechanisms of miR-92a and kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) in glioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Western blotting assay and quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) were applied to calculate the relative expression of interest proteins and mRNAs. Luciferase ability assay was conducted to evaluate whether miR-92a was targeting to KLF4. RESULTS: A higher expression of miR-92a was observed in glioma tissues compared with the corresponding adjacent non-tumor tissues. The upregulation of miR-92a predicted poor prognostic characteristics of glioma. The overexpression miR-92a significantly promoted cell proliferation an invasion, while the knockdown of miR-92a presented the opposite results. MiR-92a bound to KLF4 and mediated the expression of KLF4 in glioma cells. The knockdown of miR-92a inhibited cell invasion-mediated EMT. Furthermore, the knockdown of miR-92a suppressed cell proliferation through the KLF4/AKT/mTOR signal pathway. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-92a promoted the proliferation through the KLF4/AKT/mTOR signal pathway in glioma. The newly identified miR-92a/KLF4/AKT/mTOR axis provides novel insight into the pathogenesis of glioma.

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