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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Identifying novel and actional targets in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains an unmet medical need. TAK1 was originally identified as a TGF-ß-activated kinase and was further proved to phosphorylate and activate numerous downstream targets and promote cancer progression. However, the role of TAK1 in developed HCC progression and targeted therapy resistance is poorly understood. METHODS: The expression of TAK1 or MTDH in HCC cell lines, tumor tissues, and sorafenib-resistant models was analyzed by in silico analysis, quantitative real-time PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. In vivo and In vitro experiments was introduced to examine the function of TAK1 or MTDH in HCC and sorafenib resistance using small interfering RNA and pharmacological inhibitors in combination with or without sorafenib. Co-immunoprecipitation and RNA immunoprecipitation was carried out to determine the binding between TAK1 and FBXW2 or between MTDH and FBXW2 RNA. Protein half-life and in vitro ubiquitination experiment was performed to validate whether FBXW2 regulates TAK1 degradation. RESULTS: Our findings unraveled the clinical significance of TAK1 in promoting HCC and sorafenib resistance. We identified a novel E3 ubiquitin ligase, FBXW2, targeting TAK1 for K48-linked polyubiquitylation and subsequent degradation. We also found that MTDH contributes to TAK1 upregulation in HCC and sorafenib resistance, through binding to FBXW2 mRNA and accelerate its degradation. Moreover, combination of TAK1 inhibitor and sorafenib suppressed the growth of sorafenib-resistant HCCLM3 xenograft in mouse models. CONCLUSIONS: These results revealed novel mechanism underlying TAK1 protein degradation and highlighted the therapeutic value of targeting TAK1 in suppressing HCC and overcoming sorafenib resistance.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33921917

RESUMO

Dermacentor silvarum is an obligate blood sucking arthropod and transmits various pathogens to humans and domestic animals. Recently several new viruses were detected in D. silvarum as an emerging disease threat. In this study, we aimed to analyze its geographical distribution and associated pathogens. Data were collected from multiple sources, including a field survey, reference book, and literature review. We searched various electronic databases with the terms "Dermacentor silvarum" OR "D. silvarum" for studies published since 1963 and the positive rates for Dermacentor silvarum-associated pathogens were estimated by meta-analysis. D. silvarum was found only in four countries in Eurasia, ranging from 22° N to 57° N latitude. At least 20 human pathogens were associated with D. silvarum, including five species of spotted fever group rickettsiae, three species in the family of Anaplasmataceae, three genospecies in the complex Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Francisella tularensis, Babesia venatorum, Coxiella buenetii, Borrelia miyamotoi, and five species of virus. Among them, Rickettsia raoultii was widely detected in D. silvarum, showing the highest pooled positive rate (25.15%; 95% CI 13.31-39.27). Our work presents the most comprehensive data and analysis (to our knowledge) for the geographical distribution of D. silvarum and associated pathogens, revealing an emerging threat to public health and stocking farming. Continued surveillance and further investigations should be enhanced.

3.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(3): 194-200, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798291

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of moxibustion at "Zusanli"(ST36) and "Shenshu"(BL23) on synovitis, and expressions of miR-155, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), interlukine(IL-1) receptor-associated kinase (IRAK1), tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), IL-1ß, tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNF)-α and IL-6 mRNA and protein of synovial membrane in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rats, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of RA. METHODS: A total of 48 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, moxibustion and antagonist groups (n=12 rats in each group). The RA model was replicated by placing the rats in a wind, cold and wet environment and injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (CFA, 0.5 mL) into the right hindlimb foot plantar. Moxibustion was applied to bilateral ST36 and BL23 for 30 min, once daily for 21 consecutive days. Rats of the antagonist group was treated by injection of TLR4 antagonist (TAK-242, 1 mg/mL, 0.1 mg/kg) via tail vein, once per day for consecutive 21 d. The joint swelling degree (JSD) and arthritis index (AI, red swelling scale) were determined, and the expression levels of various indicators of miR-155, and TLR4, myeloid MyD88, IRAK1, TRAF6, NF-κB, IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA and protein were assayed by quantitative real time-PCR and Western blot, separately. RESULTS: Compared with the normal control group, the JSD and AI, and the expression levels of synovial miR-155, TLR4, MyD88, IRAK1, TRAF6, NF-κB, IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA and protein were significantly increased in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the increased levels of JSD and AI, and the expression levels of synovial miR-155, TLR4, MyD88, IRAK1, TRAF6, NF-κB, IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA and protein were notably down-regulated in both moxibustion and antagonist groups (P<0.01). The effects of moxibustion were evidently superior to the antagonist in down-regulating the abovementioned indexes (P<0.01), except TLR4 mRNA and protein. CONCLUSION: Moxibustion at ST36 and BL23 can reduce the synovitis of RA rats, which is related to its effects in suppressing the expressions of miR-155, TLR4, MyD88, IRAK1, TRAF6, NF-κB, IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA and protein (i.e., inhibition of miR-155/TLR4/NF-κB signaling).


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , MicroRNAs , Moxibustão , Sinovite , Animais , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , NF-kappa B/genética , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética
4.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 382, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a leading causes of cancer mortality worldwide. Currently, laparoscopic pancreatic resection (LPR) is extensively applied to treat benign and low-grade diseases related to the pancreas. The viability and safety of LPR for PDAC needs to be understood better. Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) and pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) are the two main surgical approaches for PDAC. We performed separate propensity score matching (PSM) analyses to assess the surgical and oncological outcomes of LPR for PDAC by comparing LDP with open distal pancreatectomy (ODP) as well as LPD with open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD). METHODS: We assessed the data of patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy (DP) and pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for PDAC between January 2004 and February 2020 at our hospital. A one-to-one PSM was applied to prevent selection bias by accounting for factors such as age, sex, body mass index, and tumour size. The DP group included 86 LDP patients and 86 ODP patients, whereas the PD group included 101 LPD patients and 101 OPD patients. Baseline characteristics, intraoperative effects, postoperative recovery, and survival outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Compared to ODP, LDP was associated with shorter operative time, lesser blood loss, and similar overall morbidity. Of the 101 patients who underwent LPD, 10 patients (9.9%) required conversion to laparotomy. The short-term surgical advantage of LPD is not as apparent as that of LDP due to conversions. Compared with OPD, LPD was associated with longer operative time, lesser blood loss, and similar overall morbidity. For oncological and survival outcomes, there were no significant differences in tumour size, R0 resection rate, and tumour stage in both the DP and PD subgroups. However, laparoscopic procedures appear to have an advantage over open surgery in terms of retrieved lymph nodes (DP subgroup: 14.4 ± 5.2 vs. 11.7 ± 5.1, p = 0.03; PD subgroup 21.9 ± 6.6 vs. 18.9 ± 5.4, p = 0.07). These two groups did not show a significant difference in the pattern of recurrence and overall survival rate. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic DP and PD are feasible and oncologically safe procedures for PDAC, with similar postoperative outcomes and long-term survival among patients who underwent open surgery.

5.
Science ; 372(6538): 195-200, 2021 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33833124

RESUMO

The integration of two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals semiconductors into silicon electronics technology will require the production of large-scale, uniform, and highly crystalline films. We report a route for synthesizing wafer-scale single-crystalline 2H molybdenum ditelluride (MoTe2) semiconductors on an amorphous insulating substrate. In-plane 2D-epitaxy growth by tellurizing was triggered from a deliberately implanted single seed crystal. The resulting single-crystalline film completely covered a 2.5-centimeter wafer with excellent uniformity. The 2H MoTe2 2D single-crystalline film can use itself as a template for further rapid epitaxy in a vertical manner. Transistor arrays fabricated with the as-prepared 2H MoTe2 single crystals exhibited high electrical performance, with excellent uniformity and 100% device yield.

6.
Transl Oncol ; 14(7): 101096, 2021 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy and has been considered as a leading cause of cancer death in women. Exploring the mechanism of breast cancer metastasis is extremely important for seeking novel therapeutic strategies and improving prognosis. METHODS: Clinical specimens and pathological characteristics were collected for evaluating the expression of forkhead box class O 3a (FOXO3a) and twist-related protein 1 (TWIST-1) in breast cancer tissues. CCK-8 assay was used to analyze cell proliferation. Cell invasion and migration were assessed by transwell assays. The expression of FOXO3a, TWIST-1, miR-10b, CADM2, FAK, phosphor-AKT and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related protein (N-cadherin, E-cadherin and vimentin) were analyzed by RT-qPCR, immunohistochemical staining, immunofluorescence assay or western blot, respectively. Xenograft mouse models were used to analyze the role of the FOXO3a in breast cancer. RESULTS: FOXO3a was down-regulated and TWIST-1 was up-regulated in breast cancer tissues. Overexpression of FOXO3a or knockdown of TWIST-1 suppressed the proliferation, invasion, migration and EMT of breast cancer cells. Overexpression of TWIST-1 could reverse the effect of FOXO3a on the proliferation, invasion, migration and EMT of breast cancer. Moreover, FOXO3a suppressed the growth and metastasis of breast cancer by targeting TWIST1 in vivo. CONCLUSION: FOXO3a inhibited the EMT and metastasis of breast cancer via TWIST-1/miR-10b/CADM2 axis.

7.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 8471, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875758

RESUMO

Despite wide application of high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) in neonates with respiratory distress, little has been reported about its rescue use in preterm infants. We aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of HFOV in preterm neonates with refractory respiratory failure and investigate the independent risk factors of in-hospital mortality. We retrospectively analyzed data collected prospectively (January 2011-December 2018) in four neonatal intensive care units of two tertiary-level medical centers in Taiwan. All premature infants (gestational age 24-34 weeks) receiving HFOV as rescue therapy for refractory respiratory failure were included. A total of 668 preterm neonates with refractory respiratory failure were enrolled. The median (IQR) gestational age and birth weight were 27.3 (25.3-31.0) weeks and 915.0 (710.0-1380.0) g, respectively. Pre-HFOV use of cardiac inotropic agents and inhaled nitric oxide were 70.5% and 23.4%, respectively. The oxygenation index (OI), FiO2, and AaDO2 were markedly increased after HFOV initiation (all p < 0.001), and can be decreased within 24-48 h (all p < 0.001) after use of HFOV. 375 (56.1%) patients had a good response to HFOV within 3 days. The final in-hospital mortality rate was 34.7%. No association was found between specific primary pulmonary disease and survival in multivariate analysis. We found preterm neonates with gestational age < 28 weeks, occurrences of sepsis, severe hypotension, multiple organ dysfunctions, initial higher severity of respiratory failure and response to HFOV within the first 72 h were independently associated with final in-hospital mortality. The mortality rate of preterm neonates with severe respiratory failure remains high after rescue HFOV treatment. Aggressive therapeutic interventions to treat sepsis and prevent organ dysfunctions are the suggested strategies to optimize outcomes.

8.
J Biol Chem ; : 100683, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33887325

RESUMO

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a devastating pathogen in the swine industry worldwide. MicroRNAs are reported to be involved in virus-host interaction. Here, we used high-throughput sequencing and microRNAs inhibitors to screen possible microRNAs that can inhibit PRRSV infection on its target cell, porcine alveolar macrophages. We observed that miR-218 was downregulated upon virus infection, and knockdown of miR-218 significantly enhanced PRRSV replication. Overexpression of miR-218 resulted in a decrease in PRRSV replication, and this overexpression did not alter viral genomic RNA levels, but rather increased antiviral interferon signaling. Further analysis revealed that that miR-218 regulated PRRSV replication by directly targeting porcine suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3), a JAK2 kinase inhibitor. Knockdown of the endogenous SOCS3 expression led to augmentation of type I interferon genes and resulted in decreased PRRSV replication, and vice versa. During PRRSV infection in vivo and in vitro, cellular miR-218 expression was downregulated and SOCS3 expression was upregulated, further supporting the inverse correlation between miR-218 and SOCS3 expression. The data on SOCS3 depletion in combination with miR-218 inhibition suggested that the antiviral activity of miR-218 required the SOCS3-mediated signaling pathway. Similarly, miR-218 negatively regulated PRRSV replication in Marc-145 cells, as well as the replication of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus and transmissible gastroenteritis virus in Vero and ST cells respectively. Taken together, these results demonstrate that PRRSV-induced miR-218 downregulation serves to inhibit the type I interferon response, and may provide a novel therapeutic target for treatment of PRRSV and other viral infections.

9.
Nutrients ; 13(4)2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805038

RESUMO

Primary congenital hypothyroidism is a disease associated with low serum thyroxine and elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels. The processes of screening and treating congenital hypothyroidism, in order to prevent neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in newborns, have been well investigated. Unlike term infants, very preterm infants (VPIs) may experience low thyroxine with normal TSH levels (<10.0 µIU/mL) during long-stay hospitalization. In the current literature, thyroxine treatment has been evaluated only for TSH-elevated VPIs. However, the long-term impact of low thyroxine levels in certain VPIs with normal TSH levels deserves more research. Since July 2007, VPIs of this study unit received screenings at 1 month postnatal age (PNA) for serum TSH levels and total thyroxine (TT4), in addition to two national TSH screenings scheduled at 3-5 days PNA and at term equivalent age. This study aimed to establish the correlation between postnatal 1-month-old TT4 concentration and long-term NDI at 24 months corrected age among VPIs with serial normal TSH levels. VPIs born in August 2007-July 2016 were enrolled. Perinatal demography, hospitalization morbidities, and thyroid function profiles were analyzed, and we excluded those with congenital anomalies, brain injuries, elevated TSH levels, or a history of thyroxine treatments. In total, 334 VPIs were analyzed and 302 (90.4%) VPIs were followed-up. The postnatal TT4 concentration was not associated with NDI after multivariate adjustment (odd ratios 1.131, 95% confidence interval 0.969-1.32). To attribute the NDI of TSH-normal VPIs to a single postnatal TT4 concentration measurement may require more research.

10.
Breastfeed Med ; 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33891507

RESUMO

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may be associated with delayed onset of lactogenesis (DOL), but it is still inconclusive. Objectives: The study aimed to evaluate the association between GDM and DOL, the prevalence and risk factors of DOL in GDM women. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search was performed in 10 electronic databases from inception to June 1, 2020. To find more eligible studies, the references of finally eligible studies and relevant reviews were traced manually. A meta-analysis was conducted to calculate the pooled estimates of association, prevalence, and risk factors using random- or fixed-effects models. Results: Eleven eligible articles involving 8,150 women were included in this study. GDM women had a higher risk of DOL (odds ratio [OR] = 1.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.34-2.52]). The prevalence of delayed lactogenesis onset in GDM women was 35.0% (effect size [ES] = 0.35, 95% CI [0.30-0.40]). Primipara (OR = 2.54, 95% CI [1.89-3.42]), advanced age (OR = 1.05, 95% CI [1.03-1.08]), prepregnancy obesity (OR = 1.55, 95% CI [1.19-2.03]), and insulin treatment (OR = 3.07, 95% CI [1.71-5.47]) were risk factors of delayed lactogenesis onset in GDM women. Conclusion: GDM negatively affects the timing of lactogenesis onset. The prevalence of delayed lactogenesis onset in GDM women is 35.0%. Primipara, advanced age, prepregnancy obesity, and insulin treatment are independent risk factors of delayed lactogenesis onset in GDM women.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915733

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic results in a profound physical and mental burden on healthcare professionals. This study aims to evaluate burnout status and mood disorder of healthcare workers during this period. An online questionnaire was voluntarily answered by eligible adult employees in a COVID-19 specialized medical center. The major analysis included the burnout status and mood disorder. Factors related to more severe mood disorder were also identified. A total of 2029 participants completed the questionnaire. There were 901 (44.4%) and 923 (45.5%) participants with moderate to severe personal and work-related burnout status, respectively. Nurses working in the emergency room (ER), intensive care unit (ICU)/isolation wards, and general wards, as well as those with patient contact, had significantly higher scores for personal burnout, work-related burnout, and mood disorder. This investigation identified 271 participants (13.35%) with moderate to severe mood disorder linked to higher personal/work-related burnout scores and a more advanced burnout status. Univariate analysis revealed that nurses working in the ER and ICU/isolation wards were associated with moderate to severe mood disorder risk factors. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that working in the ER (OR, 2.81; 95% CI, 1.14-6.90) was the only independent risk factor. More rest, perquisites, and an adequate supply of personal protection equipment were the most desired assistance from the hospital. Compared with the non-pandemic period (2019), employees working during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020) have higher burnout scores and percentages of severe burnout. In conclusion, this study suggests that the COVID-19 pandemic has had an adverse impact on healthcare professionals. Adequate measures should be adopted as early as possible to support the healthcare system.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Transtornos do Humor , Pandemias
12.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 66, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brachiocephalic vein aneurysm is a rare vascular malformation, which is often reported in case reports. At present it has attracted much attention due to the serious complications, such as vein aneurysm rupture, pulmonary embolism, venous thrombosis, etc. We report a case of left brachiocephalic vein aneurysm with compression symptoms. CASE PRESENTATION: a 52-year-old male who was admitted to our hospital with irritating cough for more than 1 month. Chest contrast-enhanced CT showed a localized expansion of 5.2 cm in diameter of the left brachiocephalic vein in the anterior mediastinum. The patient received venous angioplasty with brachiocephalic vein aneurysm resection, and the postoperative recovery was well. CONCLUSION: Surgical operation is an effecive treatment method for brachiocephalic vein aneurysm, but it is still necessary to choose the appropriate way according to the type, size, location, lesion scope and complications of the vein aneurysm.

13.
Preprint | bioRxiv | ID: ppbiorxiv-439275

RESUMO

Safe, economical and effective vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are needed to achieve adequate herd immunity and halt the pandemic. We have constructed a novel SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, CoVac501, which is a self-adjuvanting peptide vaccine conjugated with Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonists. The vaccine contains two immunodominant peptides screened from receptor-binding domain (RBD) and is fully chemically synthesized. And the vaccine has optimized nanoemulsion formulation, outstanding stability and safety. In non-human primates (NHPs), CoVac501 elicited high and persistent titers of RBD-specific and protective neutralizing antibodies (NAbs), which were also effective to RBD mutations. CoVac501 was found to elicit the increase of memory T cells, antigen-specific CD8+ T cell responses and Th1-biased CD4+ T cell immune responses in NHPs. More importantly, the sera from the immunized NHPs can prevent infection of live SARS-CoV-2 in vitro. One-Sentence SummaryA novel SARS-CoV-2 vaccine we developed, CoVac501, which is a fully chemically synthesized and self-adjuvanting peptides conjugated with TLR7 agonists, can induce high-efficient humoral and cellular immune responses against SARS-CoV-2.

14.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33801001

RESUMO

(1) Background: Lung cancer is silent in its early stages and fatal in its advanced stages. The current examinations for lung cancer are usually based on imaging. Conventional chest X-rays lack accuracy, and chest computed tomography (CT) is associated with radiation exposure and cost, limiting screening effectiveness. Breathomics, a noninvasive strategy, has recently been studied extensively. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) derived from human breath can reflect metabolic changes caused by diseases and possibly serve as biomarkers of lung cancer. (2) Methods: The selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS) technique was used to quantitatively analyze 116 VOCs in breath samples from 148 patients with histologically confirmed lung cancers and 168 healthy volunteers. We used eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost), a machine learning method, to build a model for predicting lung cancer occurrence based on quantitative VOC measurements. (3) Results: The proposed prediction model achieved better performance than other previous approaches, with an accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) of 0.89, 0.82, 0.94, and 0.95, respectively. When we further adjusted the confounding effect of environmental VOCs on the relationship between participants' exhaled VOCs and lung cancer occurrence, our model was improved to reach 0.92 accuracy, 0.96 sensitivity, 0.88 specificity, and 0.98 AUC. (4) Conclusion: A quantitative VOCs databank integrated with the application of an XGBoost classifier provides a persuasive platform for lung cancer prediction.

15.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808691

RESUMO

Precise risk stratification in lymphadenectomy is important for patients with endometrial cancer (EC), to balance the therapeutic benefit against the operation-related morbidity and mortality. We aimed to investigate added values of computer-aided segmentation and machine learning based on clinical parameters and diffusion-weighted imaging radiomics for predicting lymph node (LN) metastasis in EC. This prospective observational study included 236 women with EC (mean age ± standard deviation, 51.2 ± 11.6 years) who underwent magnetic resonance (MR) imaging before surgery during July 2010-July 2018, randomly split into training (n = 165) and test sets (n = 71). A decision-tree model was constructed based on mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value of the tumor (cutoff, 1.1 × 10-3 mm2/s), skewness of the relative ADC value (cutoff, 1.2), short-axis diameter of LN (cutoff, 1.7 mm) and skewness ADC value of the LN (cutoff, 7.2 × 10-2), as well as tumor grade (1 vs. 2 and 3), and clinical tumor size (cutoff, 20 mm). The sensitivity and specificity of the model were 94% and 80% for the training set and 86%, 78% for the independent testing set, respectively. The areas under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUCs) of the decision-tree was 0.85-significantly higher than the mean ADC model (AUC = 0.54) and LN short-axis diameter criteria (AUC = 0.62) (both p < 0.0001). We concluded that a combination of clinical and MR radiomics generates a prediction model for LN metastasis in EC, with diagnostic performance surpassing the conventional ADC and size criteria.

16.
Biomed J ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33863681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing the vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO) is a common procedure in complicated prosthodontic treatment. The swallowing technique had been verified as a functional method to determine the VDO. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between increasing VDO and mandibular movement during swallowing. METHODS: 26 females and 14 males were enrolled (age range: 21 to 30 year-old). Under different increased VDO (3, 5, and 8 mm), the mandibular trajectory during swallowing was measured by K7 Evaluation System (Myotronics®). When the subjects were instructed to salivary swallowing, the range of mandibular movement in vertical, anteroposterior and lateral directions were recorded. RESULTS: Increasing VDO significantly impacted the range of mandibular movement in lateral direction during swallowing (p < 0.0001, F value = 40.09). The average variance of the mandibular movement distance in lateral direction during swallowing raise 1.58 (p = 0.001); 3.59 (p = 0.0001) and 2.01 (p = 0.001) when th VDO was raised from 3 mm to 5 mm; from 3 mm to 8 mm and from 5 to 8 mm respectively. The range of mandibular movement was significantly correlated to the increasing VDO (p ≤ 0.05) under the analysis of the Post Hoc test. CONCLUSIONS: VDO was closely correlated to the trajectory of mandibular motion during swallowing. The increase in VDO could change the extent of mandibular trajectory during swallowing if the increase was more than 3 mm. The range of mandibular motion when swallowing had positive correlative tendency as the VDO was increased.

17.
Mitochondrion ; 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872798

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) affects millions of people worldwide. Chemoresistance seriously impairs the therapeutic effects. Lipid droplets (LDs) abnormally accumulate in CRC supported chemoresistance. Exploring the mechanism of LD-induced chemoresistance is extremely important for improving prognosis of CRC patients. The expression of PTMA was increased in both CRC tissues and cells, which was positively correlated with LD production. PTMA facilitated chemoresistance to gemcitabine by inducing LD production in CRC cells. PTMA enhanced LD biogenesis and chemoresistance to gemcitabine by promoting SREBP-1-mediated lipogenesis and STAT3 activation in CRC.

18.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 9234, 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33927241

RESUMO

A major number of studies have demonstrated Beta-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP) biocompatibility, bioactivity, and osteoconductivity characteristics in bone regeneration. The aim of this research was to enhance ß-TCP's biocompatibility, and evaluate its physicochemical properties by argon glow discharge plasma (GDP) plasma surface treatment without modifying its surface. Treated ß-TCP was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive spectrometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction analysis, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy characterization. To evaluate treated ß-TCP biocompatibility and osteoblastic differentiation, water-soluble tetrazolium salts-1 (WST-1), immunofluorescence, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) assay, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) were done using human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). The results indicated a slight enhancement of the ß-TCP by GDP sputtering, which resulted in a higher Ca/P ratio (2.05) than the control. Furthermore, when compared with control ß-TCP, we observed an improvement of WST-1 on all days (p < 0.05) as well as of ALP activity (day 7, p < 0.05), with up-regulation of ALP, osteocalcin, and Osteoprotegerin osteogenic genes in cells cultured with the treated ß-TCP. XPS and SEM results indicated that treated ß-TCP's surface was not modified. In vivo, micro-computed tomography and histomorphometric analysis indicated that the ß-TCP test managed to regenerate more new bone than the untreated ß-TCP and control defects at 8 weeks (p < 0.05). Argon GDP treatment is a viable method for removing macro and micro particles of < 7 µm in size from ß-TCP bigger particles surfaces and therefore improving its biocompatibility with slight surface roughness modification, enhancing hMSCs proliferation, osteoblastic differentiation, and stimulating more new bone formation.

19.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 204: 106060, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) is a prevalent sleep breathing disorder that can lead to brain damage and is also a risk factor for cognitive impairment and some common diseases. Studies on cortical effective connectivity (EC) during sleep may provide more direct and pathological information and shed new light on brain dysfunction due to SAHS. However, the EC is rarely explored in SAHS patients, especially during different sleep stages. METHODS: To this end, six-channel EEG signals of 43 SAHS patients and 41 healthy participants were recorded by whole-night polysomnography (PSG). The symbolic transfer entropy (STE) was applied to measure the EC between cortical regions in different frequency bands. Posterior-anterior ratio (PA) was employed to evaluate the posterior-to-anterior pattern of information flow based on overall cortical EC. The statistical characteristics of the STE and PA and of the intra-individual normalized parameters (STE* and PA*) were served as different feature sets for classifying the severity of SAHS. RESULTS: Although the patterns of STE across electrodes were similar, significant differences were found between the patient and the control groups. The variation trends across stages in the PA were also different in multiple frequency bands between groups. Important features extracted from the STE* and PA* were distributed in multiple rhythms, mainly in δ, α, and γ. The PA* feature set gave the best results, with accuracies of 98.8% and 83.3% for SAHS diagnosis (binary) and severity classification (four-way). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that modifications in cortical EC were existed in SAHS patients during sleep, which may help characterize cortical abnormality in patients.

20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(14): 4331-4341, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787240

RESUMO

The current approaches remain insufficient for measuring chicken egg spoilage or present analytical limitations. This study aimed to complement the existing analyses and identify novel markers using liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry-based foodomics strategies. In the discovery set, comparative untargeted metabolomics was utilized to identify marker candidates in microbially inoculated chicken eggs. Markers were annotated by spectral matching with authentic standards, experimental libraries, or in silico fragmentation. In the validation set, targeted metabolomics was employed to verify the markers in stored chicken eggs from five farms. Statistical differences at a p-value < 0.001 revealed increases in lactic and 3-hydroxybutyric acids and decreases in phosphocholine, LPE(O-18:1), LPC(16:0), and LPC(18:0) in stored eggs. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of the six combined markers yielded an AUC of 0.956 and a sensitivity and specificity of ∼90%. Four phospholipids were highlighted as a novel class of spoilage markers. Our findings may contribute to further industrial implementation, benefiting the quality assurance and food safety of poultry egg production.

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