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1.
Chemosphere ; : 133001, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808205

RESUMO

The photo-Fenton-like catalytic process has shown great application potential in environmental remediation. Herein, a novel photo-Fenton-like catalyst of Bi2WO6 nanosheets decorated hortensia-like CoAl-layered double hydroxides (Bi2WO6/CoAl-LDHs) was synthesized via hydrothermal process. The optimized Bi2WO6/CoAl-LDHs composite performed the high-efficiency photo-Fenton-like catalytic performance for oxytetracycline (OTC) removal (98.47%) in the mediation of visible-light and H2O2. The comparative experiment, technical characterization and density functional theory calculation results indicated that the efficient photo-Fenton-like catalytic performance of Bi2WO6/CoAl-LDHs was attributed to the synergistic action of the Fenton-like process of cobalt ions in CoAl-LDHs, an internal electric field and the S-scheme heterojunction form between Bi2WO6 and CoAl-LDHs, which could significantly promote the active substance formation and the photocatalytic process in the catalytic system. This study will stimulate the new inspiration of designing the efficient catalytic system for environmental remediation and other fields.

2.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 753196, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34765603

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a poor prognosis due to the rapid disease progression and early metastasis. The metabolism program determines the proliferation and metastasis of HCC; however, the metabolic approach to treat HCC remains uncovered. Here, by analyzing the liver cell single-cell sequencing data from HCC patients and healthy individuals, we found that 6-phosphogluconolactonase (PGLS), a cytosolic enzyme in the oxidative phase of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), expressing cells are associated with undifferentiated HCC subtypes. The Cancer Genome Atlas database showed that high PGLS expression was correlated with the poor prognosis in HCC patients. Knockdown or pharmaceutical inhibition of PGLS impaired the proliferation, migration, and invasion capacities of HCC cell lines, Hep3b and Huh7. Mechanistically, PGLS inhibition repressed the PPP, resulting in increased reactive oxygen species level that decreased proliferation and metastasis and increased apoptosis in HCC cells. Overall, our study showed that PGLS is a potential therapeutic target for HCC treatment through impacting the metabolic program in HCC cells.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt A): 127177, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583163

RESUMO

Morphology adjustment is a feasible method to change the physicochemical properties of photocatalysts. The issue that excessively thick tube wall of tubular g-C3N4 is not conducive to the electron migration from inside to the surface thus inhibiting the separation of photogenerated carriers has always been ignored. Potassium ions were used to regulate the structure of the tubular supramolecular precursor by breaking hydrogen bonds, thereby promoting the synthesis of delaminated laminar tubular g-C3N4 (K-CN), which not only shortened the transfer distance of photogenerated electrons but also provided abundant reaction active sites. Experiments and DFT calculations were combined to reveal the details of the physicochemical properties of K-CN. The photocatalytic capacity of K-CN for tetracycline hydrochloride (TCH) degradation and H2O2 generation were 83% and 133 µM, respectively. This work not only synthesized a novel delaminated tubular g-C3N4 but also provided a strategy and inspiration for structure and performance optimization for tubular g-C3N4.

4.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-12, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511147

RESUMO

This study investigates the mechanism by which maternal protein restriction induces hepatic autophagy-related gene expression in the offspring of rats. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either a control diet (C, 18 % energy from protein) or a low-protein diet (LP, 8·5 % energy from protein) during gestation, followed by the control diet during lactation and post-weaning. Liver tissue was collected from the offspring at postnatal day 38 and divided into four groups according to sex and maternal diet (F-C, F-LP, M-C and M-LP) for further analysis. Autophagy-related mRNA and protein levels were determined by real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. In addition, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) was performed to investigate the interactions between transcription factors and autophagy-related genes. Protein levels of p- eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2a and activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) were increased only in the female offspring born to dams fed the LP diet. Correlatively, the mRNA expression of hepatic autophagy-related genes including Map1lc3b, P62/Sqstm1, Becn1, Atg3, Atg7 and Atg10 was significantly greater in the F-LP group than in the F-C group. Furthermore, ChIP results showed greater ATF4 and C/EBP homology protein (CHOP) binding at the regions of a set of autophagy-related genes in the F-LP group than in the F-C group. Our data demonstrated that a maternal LP diet transcriptionally programmed hepatic autophagy-related gene expression only in female rat offspring. This transcriptional programme involved the activation of the eIF2α/ATF4 pathway and intricate regulation by transcription factors ATF4 and CHOP.

5.
Mater Horiz ; 8(11): 3113-3123, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545908

RESUMO

In-plane anisotropic two-dimensional (2D) materials offer great opportunities for developing novel polarization sensitive photodetectors without being in conjunction with filters and polarizers. However, owing to low linear dichroism ratio and insufficient optical absorption of the few layer 2D materials, the comprehensive performance of the present polarization sensitive photodetectors based on 2D materials is still lower than the practical application requirements. In this work, after systematic investigation of the structural, vibrational, and optical anisotropies of layer-structured Te nanosheets, a novel polarization-sensitive self-powered imaging photodetector with high comprehensive performance based on a p-Te/n-MoSe2 van der Waals heterojunction (vdWH) with strong interlayer transition is proposed. Owing to the high rectification ratio (104) of the diode, the device shows excellent photovoltaic characteristics. As examples, the photodetectors exhibited an ultrahigh on/off ratio of 105 at a relatively weak light intensity (4.73 mw cm-2), and the highest responsivity of the device could reach 2106 mA W-1 without any power supply. In particular, benefitting from the excellent dichroism properties of Te nanosheets synthesized in this work, the anisotropic ratio of the photocurrent (Imax/Imin) could reach as high as 16.39 (405 nm, 24.2 mw cm-2). This value obtained under zero bias voltage is much greater than that of present 2D material photodetectors even at a bias voltage. In addition, the highest detectivity is 2.91 × 1013 Jones at a low bias voltage of -0.08 V. This work provides a novel building block for high resolution polarization-sensitive photodetection of weak signals in complex environments.

6.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256802, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506519

RESUMO

Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (G. jasminoides) fruits are used as a resource for obtaining natural colorants and in traditional Chinese herbal medicine. However, G. jasminoides presents a relatively long flowering period and different ripening periods, so there are significant differences in the accumulation of metabolites in fruits of different colors. In addition, the complete metabolic pathways of iridoidsand crocins, which are used as medicinal composition of G. jasminoides, are poorly understood at present. In this research, we comprehensively compared the transcriptome and metabolites profiles of the developmental stages and locations of iridoid and crocin biosynthesis. A large number of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differentially accumulated metabolites (DAMs) were detected in four groups of samples, and clear variation in the pattern of metabolite abundance and gene expression were observed among different fruit colors and parts. Geniposide and gardenoside mainly accumulated in the sarcocarp of green fruit (GFS) and the sarcocarp of red fruit (FS), respectively. Crocin mainly accumulated in the peel and sarcocarp of red fruits. In the iridoid pathway, we hypothesized that there was a transport mechanism from the sarcocarp to the peel of G. jasminoides because of the inconsistent expression of G8O, 10-HGO and IS associated with differences in fruit ripening. UGTs play an important role in the biosynthesis of the active components of G. jasminoides. Combined transcriptome and metabonomics analysis showed a negative correlation between the biosynthesis of geniposide and crocin. The redirection of the metabolic flux and the regulation of key enzymes may be the main reasons for the changes in the biosynthesis of iridoid and crocin in G. jasminoides fruit. Our study expended valuable information for functional genomic library and provided new insights for metabolic engineering of secondary metabolite in G. Jasminoides.


Assuntos
Carotenoides/metabolismo , Frutas , Gardenia , Iridoides/metabolismo , Frutas/genética , Frutas/metabolismo , Gardenia/genética , Gardenia/metabolismo , Metaboloma , Transcriptoma
7.
Front Vet Sci ; 8: 687079, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368275

RESUMO

Swine acute diarrhea syndrome (SADS) is a highly contagious infectious disease characterized by acute vomiting and watery diarrhea in neonatal piglets. The causative agent for SADS is the swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV), an alphacoronavirus in the family Coronaviridae. Currently, SADS-CoV was identified only in Guangdong and Fujian provinces of China, not in any other regions or countries in the world. To explore the genetic diversity of SADS-CoV isolates, herein we comparatively analyzed 44 full-length genomes of viruses isolated in Guangdong and Fujian provinces during 2017-2019. The spike glycoprotein gene of SADS-CoV strain CH/FJWT/2018 isolated in Fujian province is distinct from that of other viral isolates in either spike glycoprotein gene-based phylogenetic analysis or whole genome-based gene similarity analysis. Moreover, at least 7 predicted linear B cell epitopes in the spike glycoprotein of CH/FJWT/2018 would be affected by amino acid variations when compared with a representative virus isolated in Guangdong province. The spike glycoprotein of coronaviruses determines viral host range and tissue tropism during virus infection via specific interactions with the cellular receptor and also plays critical roles in eliciting the production of neutralizing antibodies. Since SADS-CoVs have a broad cell tropism, the results in this report further emphasize that the spike glycoprotein gene is a pivotal target in the surveillance of SADS-CoV.

8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(11): 2798-2805, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296578

RESUMO

In order to study the regulation mechanism of secondary metabolites biosynthesis in Lonicera macranthoides, the key genes involved in the regulation of biosynthesis and the mechanism of differential metabolites were explored. In this study, high-throughput sequencing technology was used for transcriptome sequencing of L. macranthoides at different development stages. By using Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(LC-MS/MS) technology, the laws of qualitative, quantitative and synthetic accumulation of its metabolites were studied, and the key enzyme genes for the biosynthesis of phenolic acid and flavonoids were screened out according to the differentially expressed genes. A total of 111 differentially accumulate metabolites(DAM) and 6 653 differentially expressed genes(DGE) were obtained by metabonomics and transcriptomics analysis. The metabolites and key enzyme genes in the Erqing(KE) were significantly different from those in the Dabai(KD) and Yinhua(KY) stages. In the phenylalanine biosynthesis pathway, the ion abundance of chlorogenic acid, naringin, quercetin, rutin, coniferol and other metabolites decreased with the development of flowers, while the ion abundance of ferulic acid, coumarin and syringoside increased with the development of flowers. Key enzyme genes such as CHS, HCT, CCR, FLS and COMT positively regulate the downstream metabolites, while PAL, C4H and 4CL negatively regulate the downstream metabolites. This study provides candidate genes and theoretical basis for the further exploration of key enzymes in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites and for the regulation of the accumulation of secondary metabolites in L. macranthoides by molecular biological methods.


Assuntos
Lonicera , Cromatografia Líquida , Flores/genética , Lonicera/genética , Metabolômica , Proteômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
9.
Oncol Rep ; 46(3)2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296300

RESUMO

Following the publication of this paper, it was drawn to the Editors' attention by a concerned reader that certain of the western blotting data shown in Figs. 1C and 6D bore unexpected similarities to data appearing in different form in other articles by different authors. Owing to the fact that some of the contentious data in the above article had already been published elsewhere, or were already under consideration for publication, prior to its submission to Oncology Reports, the Editor has decided that this paper should be retracted from the Journal. The authors agree with the decision to retract the paper. The Editor apologizes to the readership for any inconvenience caused. [the original article was published in Oncology Reports 33: 774­782, 2015; DOI: 10.3892/or.2014.3623].

10.
Cancer Biol Med ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259423

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program on postoperative recovery and complications in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: Eighty patients in the perioperative period with radical gastrectomy were enrolled and randomly divided into 2 groups, the ERAS group and the non-ERAS group. The differences between the 2 groups in terms of postoperative recoveries and complications rate were determined. According to the body mass index (BMI) level, the ERAS group was divided into 2 subgroups, namely group A (BMI < 28 kg/m2, n = 16) and group B (BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2, n = 24). The non-ERAS group was also divided into group C (BMI < 28 kg/m2, n = 18) and group D (BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2, n = 22). The recovery and complications of each group were then determined. RESULTS: The postoperative length of stay and visual analogue scale pain score were less in the ERAS group than the non-ERAS group (P < 0.05). Time to first postoperative exhaustion, first postoperative defecation, returning leukocyte count to normal, and stopping intravenous nutrition were significantly shorter in the ERAS group (n = 40), compared to the non-ERAS group (n = 40, all P < 0.05). The incidence of postoperative lower extremity intramuscular venous thrombosis was significantly higher in group D than in group B (χ2 = 4.800, P = 0.028). In addition, the incidence of lower extremity intermuscular venous thrombosis and lung infection in group D was higher than those in other groups. CONCLUSIONS: The perioperative ERAS program was associated with faster recovery in patients undergoing radical gastrectomy. For patients with higher BMI (BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2), the use of the perioperative ERAS program was more advantageous.

11.
Acta Biochim Pol ; 2021 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106567

RESUMO

Aerobic glycolysis is essential for cancer cell metabolism and growth. Deubiquitinase, USP28 (ubiquitin specific peptidase 28), could maintain stability of proteins involved in tumor progression. This study was performed to investigate the role of USP28 in aerobic glycolysis of colorectal cancer. Our data showed that USP28 mRNA and protein expressions were enhanced in colorectal cancer tissues and cells. Functional assays demonstrated that overexpression of USP28 promoted cell proliferation and aerobic glycolysis of colorectal cancer, while USP28 inhibition could reverse these effects. Protein expression of Forkhead Box C1 (FOXC1) was increased by USP28 over-expression, whereas knockdown of USP28 aggravated cycloheximide (CHX; protein synthesis inhibitor) stimulated decrease of FOXC1. Moreover, proteasome inhibitor, MG132, could rescue USP28 silence-induced degradation of FOXC1. Overexpression of FOXC1 counteracted the suppressive effects of USP28 interference on colorectal cancer cell viability and aerobic glycolysis. In conclusion, USP28 enhanced cell viability and aerobic glycolysis of colorectal cancer by stabilizing FOXC1, suggesting that USP28-FOXC1 might be a novel therapeutic avenue for colorectal cancer.

12.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 15: 2269-2287, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079226

RESUMO

Cytokines are key components of the immune system and play pivotal roles in anticancer immune response. Cytokines as either therapeutic agents or targets hold clinical promise for cancer precise treatment. Here, we provide an overview of the various roles of cytokines in the cancer immunity cycle, with a particular focus on the clinical researches of cytokine-based drugs in cancer therapy. We review 27 cytokines in 2630 cancer clinical trials registered with ClinicalTrials.gov that had completed recruitment up to January 2021 while summarizing important cases for each cytokine. We also discuss recent progress in methods for improving the delivery efficiency, stability, biocompatibility, and availability of cytokines in therapeutic applications.

13.
Hortic Res ; 8(1): 121, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059652

RESUMO

Coptis chinensis Franch, a perennial herb, is mainly distributed in southeastern China. The rhizome of C. chinensis has been used as a traditional medicine for more than 2000 years in China and many other Asian countries. The pharmacological activities of C. chinensis have been validated by research. Here, we present a de novo high-quality genome of C. chinensis with a chromosome-level genome of ~958.20 Mb, a contig N50 of 1.58 Mb, and a scaffold N50 of 4.53 Mb. We found that the relatively large genome size of C. chinensis was caused by the amplification of long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons. In addition, a whole-genome duplication event in ancestral Ranunculales was discovered. Comparative genomic analysis revealed that the tyrosine decarboxylase (TYDC) and (S)-norcoclaurine synthase (NCS) genes were expanded and that the aspartate aminotransferase gene (ASP5) was positively selected in the berberine metabolic pathway. Expression level and HPLC analyses showed that the berberine content was highest in the roots of C. chinensis in the third and fourth years. The chromosome-level reference genome of C. chinensis provides important genomic data for molecular-assisted breeding and active ingredient biosynthesis.

14.
Vet Res ; 52(1): 87, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34130762

RESUMO

The porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) causes a highly contagious disease in pigs, which is one of the most devastating viral diseases of swine in the world. In China, PEDV was first confirmed in 1984 and PEDV infections occurred sporadically from 1984 to early 2010. From late 2010 until present, PEDV infections have swept every province or region in China. In this study, we analyzed a total of 186 full-length spike genes and deduced proteins of all available complete genomes of PEDVs isolated in China during 2007-2019. A total of 28 potential recombination events were identified in the spike genes of PEDVs in China. Spike gene recombination not only expanded the genetic diversity of PEDVs in the GII genogroup, but also resulted in the emergence of a new evolutional branch GI-c during 2016-2018. In addition, comparative analysis of spike proteins between GI-a prototype virulent CV777 and GII strain AJ1102 reveals that the amino acid variations could affect 20 potential linear B cell epitopes, demonstrating a dramatic antigen drift in the spike protein. These results provide a thorough view of the information about the genetic and antigenic diversity of PEDVs circulating in China and therefore could benefit the development of suitable strategies for disease control.


Assuntos
Antígenos Virais/genética , Variação Genética , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Variação Antigênica , China , Genoma Viral , Estações do Ano
15.
Nature ; 594(7862): 277-282, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34040258

RESUMO

Neurons have recently emerged as essential cellular constituents of the tumour microenvironment, and their activity has been shown to increase the growth of a diverse number of solid tumours1. Although the role of neurons in tumour progression has previously been demonstrated2, the importance of neuronal activity to tumour initiation is less clear-particularly in the setting of cancer predisposition syndromes. Fifteen per cent of individuals with the neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) cancer predisposition syndrome (in which tumours arise in close association with nerves) develop low-grade neoplasms of the optic pathway (known as optic pathway gliomas (OPGs)) during early childhood3,4, raising  the possibility that postnatal light-induced activity of the optic nerve drives tumour initiation. Here we use an authenticated mouse model of OPG driven by mutations in the neurofibromatosis 1 tumour suppressor gene (Nf1)5 to demonstrate that stimulation of optic nerve activity increases optic glioma growth, and that decreasing visual experience via light deprivation prevents tumour formation and maintenance. We show that the initiation of Nf1-driven OPGs (Nf1-OPGs) depends on visual experience during a developmental period in which Nf1-mutant mice are susceptible to tumorigenesis. Germline Nf1 mutation in retinal neurons results in aberrantly increased shedding of neuroligin 3 (NLGN3) within the optic nerve in response to retinal neuronal activity. Moreover, genetic Nlgn3 loss or pharmacological inhibition of NLGN3 shedding blocks the formation and progression of Nf1-OPGs. Collectively, our studies establish an obligate role for neuronal activity in the development of some types of brain tumours, elucidate a therapeutic strategy to reduce OPG incidence or mitigate tumour progression, and underscore the role of Nf1mutation-mediated dysregulation of neuronal signalling pathways in mouse models of the NF1 cancer predisposition syndrome.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Genes da Neurofibromatose 1 , Mutação , Neurofibromina 1/genética , Neurônios/metabolismo , Glioma do Nervo Óptico/genética , Glioma do Nervo Óptico/patologia , Animais , Astrocitoma/genética , Astrocitoma/patologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/deficiência , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/metabolismo , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/efeitos da radiação , Feminino , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/deficiência , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/deficiência , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos da radiação , Nervo Óptico/citologia , Nervo Óptico/efeitos da radiação , Estimulação Luminosa , Retina/citologia , Retina/efeitos da radiação
16.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 600: 440-448, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34023705

RESUMO

Compared with industrial used Pt- and Cr-based catalyst in dehydrogenation (DH) of light alkanes, the sulfide V-K/γ-Al2O3 catalyst reported in this study shows lower cost and toxicity, and significant DH performance. The yield to isobutene reached as high as 52.9%, which is among the highest reported to date. We attribute such high isobutene yield to the precise modulation of polymerization degree for vanadium species via doping of potassium and indicating that the synergy between vanadium species and acid sites is critical to enhance the DH performance. Our previous work showed sulfidation promoted the increase of DH performance for vanadium-based catalyst, and we go further in this study to explore the correlation between increased range of DH performance and the added potassium. The different loaded potassium leads to variation in sulfidation degree, affecting the properties of vanadium species and acid properties consequently. The potassium was distributed uniformly on surface of the sulfide vanadium-based catalyst and was predominantly bonded with the vanadium species rather than with the γ-Al2O3 support. With increasing the potassium amount from 0 to 3 wt%, the acid amount kept decreasing, and some specific strong acid sites appeared once adequate sulfur was introduced in the V-K/γ-Al2O3 catalyst. The characterization and DFT results both revealed that the doped potassium contributes to regulating the vanadium species in the oligomeric state. The synergy between vanadium species and acid properties was regulated by the added potassium simultaneously, and thus the DH performance was enhanced. This study provides promising strategy for preparation of environment-friendly model industrial DH catalyst.


Assuntos
Potássio , Vanádio , Butanos , Oxirredução , Sulfetos
17.
Zoonoses Public Health ; 68(5): 527-532, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33966359

RESUMO

Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is caused by MERS-CoV that infects both human and camel. Camel is supposed to be the natural reservoir for human infection while the sources for most of the primary human infection cases are still not known. We identified two conserved pyrimidine nucleotides that flank UAAU element in MERS-CoV 5'-UTR. These conserved pyrimidine nucleotides distinguish MERS-CoVs into 3 types, that is, UUAAUU, CUAAUU and CUAAUC (referred to as U----U, C----U, and C----C types, respectively). Human MERS-CoV displays a genetic drift from U----U, C----U, to C----C from 2012 to 2019. Camel virus displays a genetic drift from U----U to C----U with a time lag when compared with human virus. The discrepancy in genetic drift seems not to support the notion that camel serves as the only natural reservoir for human infection.


Assuntos
Camelus/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Deriva Genética , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/genética , Regiões 5' não Traduzidas/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Variação Genética , Humanos , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/classificação , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/isolamento & purificação , Filogenia , Prevalência , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
18.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0251390, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34038434

RESUMO

Lonicera macranthoides Hand.-Mazz (L. macranthoides) is a medicinal herb that is widely distributed in South China. The developmental stage and corolla dehiscence of the flower are the important factors affecting the quality of medicinal ingredients. However, neither the regulatory mechanism controlling chlorogenic acids biosynthesis in L. macranthoides nor the molecular basis of effect of corolla dehiscence on the quality of medicinal materials is fully understood. In this study, metabolomics and transcriptomics were used to analyze the metabolic and transcriptional differences of two different cultivars closed bud type (Bt), and flowering type (Ft), as well as the effect of jasmonic acid methyl ester (MeJA) on chlorogenic acids (CGAs) biosynthesis. In total, large number of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differentially accumulated metabolites (DAMs) were filtered among three lines of samples. Gene metabolite correlation analyses revealed a 'core set' of 30 genes and 54 genes that were strongly correlated with CGAs biosynthesis and regulating the flowering, respectively. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction results proved the alterations in the expression levels of genes encoding the pathways involved in CGAs biosynthesis. The ion abundances of CGAs were most significantly increased, while some of the CGAs derived and Caffeoyl-CoA-derived substances showed the most largely reduced abundances in the closed bud type (Bt) compared to the flowering type (Ft). MeJA may leads to the activation of downstream genes in CGAs biosynthesis pathway. Overall, there were significant differences in the transcriptional and metabolic levels of CGAs biosynthesis pathway in flower buds of different flowering cultivars. The redirection of metabolic flux may contribute to increased accumulation of CGAs. However, whether MeJA and flowering have direct effects on the accumulation of CGAs needs further studied. These researches effectively expanded the functional genomic library and provide new insights into CGAs biosynthesis in L. macranthoides.


Assuntos
Vias Biossintéticas/genética , Ácido Clorogênico/metabolismo , Lonicera/genética , Metaboloma/genética , Plantas Medicinais/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Flores/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Metabolômica/métodos
19.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(5): 441, 2021 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947843

RESUMO

There is a male preponderance in gastric cancer (GC), which suggests a role of androgen and androgen receptor (AR). However, the mechanism of AR signaling in GC especially in female patients remains obscure. We sought to identify the AR signaling pathway that might be related to prognosis and examine the potential clinical utility of the AR antagonist for treatment. Deep learning and gene set enrichment analysis was used to identify potential critical factors associated with gender bias in GC (n = 1390). Gene expression profile analysis was performed to screen differentially expressed genes associated with AR expression in the Tianjin discovery set (n = 90) and TCGA validation set (n = 341). Predictors of survival were identified via lasso regression analyses and validated in the expanded Tianjin cohort (n = 373). In vitro and in vivo experiments were established to determine the drug effect. The GC gender bias was attributable to sex chromosome abnormalities and AR signaling dysregulation. The candidates for AR-related gene sets were screened, and AR combined with miR-125b was associated with poor prognosis, particularly among female patients. AR was confirmed to directly regulate miR-125b expression. AR-miR-125b signaling pathway inhibited apoptosis and promoted proliferation. AR antagonist, bicalutamide, exerted anti-tumor activities and induced apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo, using GC cell lines and female patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model. We have shed light on gender differences by revealing a hormone-regulated oncogenic signaling pathway in GC. Our preclinical studies suggest that AR is a potential therapeutic target for this deadly cancer type, especially in female patients.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Receptores Androgênicos/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Animais , Feminino , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Fatores Sexuais , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Transcriptoma
20.
Transl Pediatr ; 10(4): 790-806, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34012829

RESUMO

Background: The composition of intestinal flora in Chinese and Japanese has been reported in many studies but that in infants aged 0-6 years old has not been studied yet. Methods: The distribution characteristics of the fecal flora of infants in Beijing (n=84) and Japan (n=53) were analyzed using 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis. Results: This study showed the higher relative abundance of Erysipelotrichaceae_ UCG-003 and Anaerostipes in male group that of Ruminiclostridium, Eubacterium, Senegalimassilia and Senegalimassilia in female group, especially Senegalimassilia, which was not detected in male group. Defecation trait groups indicated significantly higher relative abundance of Bifidobacterium in abnormal bowel trait group than that in the normal group (P<0.05). The feeding groups' analysis showed significantly higher relative abundance of Bifidobacterium and Enterococcus and lower abundance of Bacteroides and Lacetospirillaceae in the breast-feeding group than that in the formula feeding and mixed-feeding groups. The relative abundance of Parasutterella and Ruminococcaceae_UCG-003 in the halitosis group was significantly higher than that in the normal group. The comparison of cold and fever group and normal group indicated significantly higher relative abundance of Erysipelatoclostridium and lower relative abundance of Lachnospiraceae _UCG-001 in the fever and cold group than that in the normal group (P<0.05). The regional comparison of intestinal flora of Beijing and Japan showed significant increase in the relative abundance of Bacillus, Lactobacillus, Prevotella, megamonas and Veillonella in the intestinal flora of 0-6 years old infants in Beijing. Conclusions: These findings improve the understanding of intestinal bacterial and viral communities of infants from the two Asian countries.

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