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1.
Hypertens Res ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601971

RESUMO

Preeclampsia (PE) is a major obstetrical complication that results in maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Aberrant epigenetic modifications are widely involved in the pathogenesis of PE. Previously, the activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM) was reported to be required for blastocyst implantation but has not been described in the context of pathological pregnancy. This study explored the expression of ALCAM and its methylation levels in the placentas and peripheral venous blood of patients with PE from a Chinese Han population. The mRNA and protein expression levels of ALCAM were downregulated in the PE placentas compared with the control placentas (P < 0.05). The methylation rate of the ALCAM gene promoter was considerably elevated in the placentas (P = 0.003, odds ratio (OR) = 0.264, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) [0.108-0.647], cases n = 47, controls n = 53) and peripheral blood (P = 0.007, OR = 0.455, 95% CI [0.256-0.806], cases n = 100, controls n = 100) of the PE patients compared with those of the normotensive women, suggesting a negative relationship between ALCAM methylation and gene transcription. Moreover, the transcriptional expression of ALCAM was dramatically increased by demethylating treatment in trophoblastic cells. ALCAM is expected to be involved in the pathogenesis of PE through methylation regulation.

2.
Pain ; 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569141

RESUMO

Posttraumatic widespread pain (PTWP) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are frequent comorbid sequelae of trauma that occur at different rates in women and men. We sought to identify microRNA (miRNA) that may contribute to sex-dependent differences in vulnerability to these outcomes. Monte Carlo simulations (x10,000) identified miRNA in which predicted targeting of PTWP or PTSS genes was most enriched. Expression of the leading candidate miRNA to target PTWP/PTSS-related genes, miR-19b, has been shown to be influenced by estrogen and stress exposure. We evaluated whether peritraumatic miR-19b blood expression levels predicted PTWP and PTSS development in women and men experiencing trauma of motor vehicle collision (n = 179) and in women experiencing sexual assault trauma (n = 74). A sex-dependent relationship was observed between miR-19b expression levels and both PTWP (ß = -2.41, P = 0.034) and PTSS (ß = -3.01, P = 0.008) development 6 months after motor vehicle collision. The relationship between miR-19b and PTSS (but not PTWP) was validated in sexual assault survivors (ß = -0.91, P = 0.013). Sex-dependent expression of miR-19b was also observed in blood and nervous tissue from 2 relevant animal models. Furthermore, in support of increasing evidence indicating a role for the circadian rhythm (CR) in PTWP and PTSS pathogenesis, miR-19b targets were enriched in CR gene transcripts. Human cohort and in vitro analyses assessing miR-19b regulation of key CR transcripts, CLOCK and RORA, supported the potential importance of miR-19b to regulating the CR pathway. Together, these results highlight the potential role that sex-dependent expression of miR-19b might play in PTWP and PTSS development after trauma/stress exposure.

3.
Cortex ; 121: 147-168, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627014

RESUMO

Neuroimaging studies of aphasia recovery have linked treatment-related improvements in language processing to changes in functional brain activation in left hemisphere language regions and their right hemisphere homologues. Although there is some consensus that better behavioral outcomes are achieved when activation is restored to the left hemisphere, the circumstances that dictate how and why regions in both hemispheres respond to naming therapy are still unclear. In this study, an fMRI picture-naming task was used to examine 16 regions of interest in 26 patients with chronic aphasia before and after 12 weeks of semantic naming treatment. Ten control patients who did not receive treatment and 17 healthy controls were also scanned. Naming therapy resulted in a significant increase in cortical activation, an effect that was largely driven by patients who responded most favorably to treatment, as patients who responded less favorably (as well as those who did not receive treatment) had little change in activation over time. Relative to healthy controls, patients had higher pre-treatment activation in the bilateral inferior frontal gyri (IFG) and lower activation in the bilateral angular gyri; after treatment, they had higher activation in bilateral IFG, as well as in the right middle frontal gyrus. These results suggest that the predominant effect of beneficial naming treatment was an upregulation of traditional language areas and their right hemisphere homologues and, in particular, regions associated with phonological and semantic/executive semantic processing, as well as broader domain general functions. Additionally, in some left hemisphere regions, post-treatment changes in activation were greater when there was more damage than when there was less damage, indicating that spared tissue in otherwise highly damaged regions can be modulated by treatment.

4.
Acta Biomater ; 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563690

RESUMO

Despite the rapid progress which has been made in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) chemotherapeutics, recurrence of liver cancer still remains a barrier to achieve satisfying prognosis. Herein, we aimed to decipher the role of berberine (BER) in chemotherapy-exacerbated HCC repopulation via developing a nanocarrier co-deliveries doxorubicin (DOX) and BER to achieve a synergic effect in HCC treatment. The underlying fact of chemotherapy that promotes HCC repopulation was firstly examined and corroborated by clinical samples and murine repopulation model. Then, hyaluronic acid (HA)-conjugated Janus nanocarrier (HA-MSN@DB) was developed to load DOX and BER simultaneously. The HCC targeting efficiency, pH-controlled drug-release and anti-cancer property of HA-MSN@DB were assessed in CD44-overexpressed HCCs and normal liver cells. Magnet resonance imaging, bio-distribution, biocompatibility, tumor and recurrence inhibition studies were performed in H22 tumor-bearing mice. BER significantly reduced doxorubicin (DOX)-triggered HCC repopulation in vitro and in vivo through inhibiting Caspase-3-iPLA2-COX-2 pathway. The delivery of HA-MSN@DB into HCCs through CD44 receptor-mediated targeting effect was demonstrated. The controlled release of DOX and BER in response to acidic tumor microenvironment was validated. Importantly, HA-MSN@DB drastically enhanced the antitumor activity of DOX and suppressed DOX-exacerbated HCC repopulation in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, HA-MSN@DB exhibited enhanced tumor accumulation and biocompatibility. Our findings revealed the pivotal role of BER in overcoming chemotherapy-exacerbated HCC repopulation through Caspase-3-iPLA2-COX-2 pathway, thereby providing a promising and stable nanocarrier integrating DOX and BER for effective HCC chemotherapy without repopulation. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: In this work, we have first demonstrated the fact that berberine (Ber) reduces chemotherapy-exacerbated HCC recurrence and studied its mechanism by the aid of a doxorubicin-induced mice HCC relapse model. We then developed a promising strategy that simultaneously inhibits HCC and its recurrence with an HCC-targeted co-delivery nanocarrier HA-MSN@DB and revealed that such an inhibition was related with the suppression of Caspase-3-iPLA2-COX-2 pathway by berberine.

5.
Neuroimage Clin ; 23: 101919, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491828

RESUMO

Traditional models of left hemisphere stroke recovery propose that reactivation of remaining ipsilesional tissue is optimal for language processing whereas reliance on contralesional right hemisphere homologues is less beneficial or possibly maladaptive in the chronic recovery stage. However, neuroimaging evidence for this proposal is mixed. This study aimed to elucidate patterns of effective connectivity in patients with chronic aphasia in light of healthy control connectivity patterns and in relation to damaged tissue within left hemisphere regions of interest and according to performance on a semantic decision task. Using fMRI and dynamic causal modeling, biologically-plausible models within four model families were created to correspond to potential neural recovery patterns, including Family A: Left-lateralized connectivity (i.e., no/minimal damage), Family B: Bilateral anterior-weighted connectivity (i.e., posterior damage), Family C: Bilateral posterior-weighted connectivity (i.e., anterior damage) and Family D: Right-lateralized connectivity (i.e., extensive damage). Controls exhibited a strong preference for left-lateralized network models (Family A) whereas patients demonstrated a split preference for Families A and C. At the level of connections, controls exhibited stronger left intrahemispheric task-modulated connections than did patients. Within the patient group, damage to left superior frontal structures resulted in greater right intrahemispheric connectivity whereas damage to left ventral structures resulted in heightened modulation of left frontal regions. Lesion metrics best predicted accuracy on the fMRI task and aphasia severity whereas left intrahemispheric connectivity predicted fMRI task reaction times. These results are discussed within the context of the hierarchical recovery model of chronic aphasia.

6.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 20(10): 1314-1318, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31306053

RESUMO

Epithelial growth factor-like 7 (EGFL7) is a secretory protein with a well-characterized role in angiogenesis and the oncogenesis of certain solid tumors. Overexpression of EGFL7 is associated with adverse prognosis in patients with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML). However, whether this association persists after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) remains unclear. To further clarify the prognostic role of EGFL7, seventy-one AML patients with EGFL7 expression data who underwent allo-HSCT from The Cancer Genome Atlas database were included and divided into either EGFL7high or EGFL7low group based on the median EGFL7 expression level. Two groups had similar clinical and molecular characteristics except that the EGFL7high group had less frequent NPM1 mutations (P= .001). Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that high EGFL7 expressers had shorter OS than the low expressers (P= .040). Univariate analysis showed that high EGFL7 expression, MLL-PTD, RUNX1 and TP53 mutations were associated with short OS (all P< .05). Multivariate analysis indicated that high EGFL7 expression, FLT3-ITD, RUNX1 and TP53 mutations were independent risk factors for OS (all P< .05). Collectively, our study suggested that EGFL7, like the other widely-used risk stratification factors, could serve as a prognostic tool and therapeutic target in AML, even after allo-HCST.

7.
Neurol Res ; 41(10): 893-899, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328681

RESUMO

Objectives: Although statin therapy is associated with lower recurrence in patients with acute ischaemic stroke, data-evaluating associations between inpatient statin use and stroke recurrence in diabetic patients after acute stroke onset are limited. Methods: This study was based on population data from the Chinese National Stroke Registry. Patients with acute ischaemic stroke and no history of statin therapy were selected. Individuals treated regularly with any type or dosage of statins during acute hospitalization were defined as having inpatient statin therapy. The subjects were divided into two groups according to statin use status during acute hospitalization. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyse the associations between statin use and stroke recurrence in patients with or without diabetes. Results: A total of 11,429 patients, 2341 (20.48%) with diabetes, were selected for analysis. Statin therapy during hospitalization was documented in 4982 (43.59%). Logistic analysis showed no significant associations between inpatient statin use and stroke recurrence in diabetic subjects at 3 months (OR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.69-1.16, P = 0.40) or 1 year (OR = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.74-1.16, P = 0.48), but statin use was significantly associated with lower recurrence in non-diabetic patients at both 3 months (OR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.69-0.92, P = 0.002) and 1 year (OR = 0.82, 95% CI = 0.72-0.93, P = 0.002) after discharge. Conclusion: Inpatient statin use was associated with lower stroke recurrence in non-diabetic patients after acute ischaemic stroke, but no definite association between inpatient statin use and stroke recurrence in patients with diabetes mellitus was found.

8.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 5630-5639, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31356586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The hemoglobin, albumin, lymphocyte, and platelet (HALP) score is a prognostic factor in patients who have some types of malignant tumors. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of the HALP score in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) before first-line treatment with etoposide. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective study included 178 patients with SCLC who received first-line chemotherapy with etoposide between September 2015 and May 2019. The baseline clinical characteristics and blood parameters were recorded. Univariate and multivariate analysis and Kaplan-Meier plots were used to identify the factors associated with progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS The optimal cut-off values of the HALP score was determined by X-tile software to be 25.8. Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that in 178 patients, the HALP score, body mass index (BMI), and serum albumin levels had no prognostic significance. In the patient age group <65 years, a BMI ≥24 kg/m² was an independent prognostic factor (HR, 1.943; 95% CI, 1.251-3.018) (P=0.003). In the patient age group ≥65 years, a HALP score >25.8 was an independent positive prognostic factor for outcome following first-line treatment with etoposide (HR, 0.483; 95% CI, 0.270-0.865) (P=0.014). CONCLUSIONS In patients <65 years with SCLC who underwent first-line treatment with etoposide, a BMI ≥24 kg/m² an independent prognostic factor, and in patients ≥65 years, a HALP score >25.8 was an independent predictor of improved outcome, associated with increased PFS.

9.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(6): 531-534, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the predictive value of procalcitonin as a serum biomarker in diagnosis of late periprosthetic joint infection(PJI) for providing theoretical reference basis for diagnosis of PJI. METHODS: A total of 77 cases were retrospective included from January 2015 to December 2017 for revision of total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty, according to the diagnostic criteria of Musculoskeletal Infection Society(MISI). All cases were divided into infection group and non-infection group. Infection group included 21 cases, 7 cases for male and 14 cases for female, with an average age of (60.70±8.75) years old (ranged 43 to 75 years old). Non-infection group 56 included cases, 24 cases for male and 32 cases for female, with an average age (64.40±12.14) years old (ranged 43 to 85 years old). Concentration of preoperative serum procalcitonin was examined and the chi-square test was used to compare positive rate between the two groups. RESULTS: Two cases in the infection group had positive serum procalcitonin, 0.06 ng/L and 0.10 ng/L respectively, with the positive rate of 9.52%; 4 cases in non-infected group had positive serum procalcitonin, 0.05 ng/L, 0.06 ng/L, 0.06 ng/L, 0.16 ng/L respectively, with the positive rate of 7.14%. No statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups (P=0.662). CONCLUSIONS: Most of PJI were low toxicity infection with little systemic inflammatory response, so the concentration of serum procalcitonin was normal or slightly higher level, had little clinical significance for diagnosis of PJI. But the cases of this retrospective study are not enough, more cases are needed for further study.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pró-Calcitonina , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 138: 198-206, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284005

RESUMO

Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) in porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection is a significant obstacle to the development of effective vaccines for controlling PRRS. Our previous results have demonstrated that porcine FcγRIIb (poFcγRIIb) play an important role in mediating ADE of PRRSV infection in vitro. However, the underlying mechanisms involved in poFcγRIIb mediated-ADE are still not clear. In this study, MARC-145 cel1 lines stably expressing mutated poFcγRIIb (MARC-poFcγRIIb-T and MARC-poFcγRIIb-CT) in cytoplasm were established and the capacity of poFcγRIIb mutants in mediating ADE of PRRSV was investigated. Our results showed that removal of cytoplasmic domain or disruption the tyrosine residue within ITIM (immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif) of the poFcγRIIb abolished the ability of poFcγRIIb to mediate ADE of PRRSV. Furthermore, we found that SHIP1 and TBK1 were involved in poFcγRIIb-mediated ADE of PRRSV infection. Taken together, our findings indicated that poFcγRIIb mediated the ADE pathway of PRRSV infection through recruiting SHIP-1, which further inhibited of TBK-1-IRF3-IFN-ß signaling pathway to enhance PRRSV infection. These findings will contribute to the molecular mechanism of ADE infection and provide some implications for vaccine development.

11.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 31(8): 973-978, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31233410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between nonalcoholic fatty pancreas disease and the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Among the 1662 AP patients admitted between August 2010 and August 2017, 82 eligible patients with moderately severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and SAP were selected. Meanwhile, 164 mild AP patients were age-matched, sex-matched, and BMI-matched at a ratio of 1 : 2. Nonalcoholic fatty pancreas disease was estimated by mean pancreas attenuation by unenhanced computed tomography. Finally, 1662 patients were screened and 246 patients were analyzed. RESULTS: For the 246 patients, the mean pancreatic attenuation and pancreas-to-spleen attenuation ratio (P/S ratio) were significantly lower in the moderately SAP and SAP groups compared with those in the mild AP group (both, P<0.001). Pancreatic attenuation decreased with an increase in the rate of ICU transfer, AP severity, systemic complications, and prognostic factors of AP (Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score≥8; P<0.001). A decreased P/S ratio was correlated positively with the increased mortality of patients with AP (hazard ratio: 0.000; 95% confidence interval: 0.000-0.012; P<0.001), as determined by Cox proportional regression analysis adjusted for creatinine, calcium, and albumin levels. CONCLUSION: The pancreatic attenuation level and P/S ratio are correlated independently to severity, mortality, and systemic complications in patients with AP.

13.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 19(1): 87, 2019 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between visceral adiposity and acute pancreatitis (AP) has not been completely elucidated. This study evaluated the significance of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and the ratio of VAT to skeletal muscle tissue (VAT/SMT) in the prognosis of AP patients. METHODS: Based on a 1:2 propensity score matching, 306 hospitalized patients were enrolled in the study analysis from 2010 to 2017. VAT, subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), and SMT were measured using unenhanced computed tomography (CT). Cox proportional hazards models were applied for the analysis. RESULTS: VAT and the VAT/SMT ratio were significantly higher in the severe AP (SAP) and moderately severe AP (MSAP) groups compared to the mild AP (MAP) group (both p < 0.001). Intensive care transfer, AP severity, systemic complications, and prognostic scores (Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II [APACHE-II] score ≥ 8, Ranson's score ≥ 3, Bedside Index of Severity in Acute Pancreatitis [BISAP] score ≥ 3, and the systemic inflammatory response syndrome [SIRS] score ≥ 2) significantly correlated with VAT and the VAT/SMT ratio in AP patients. The multivariate adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for VAT and the VAT/SMT ratio in the relationship of body parameters and AP mortality were 1.042 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.019-1.066) and 7.820 (95% CI, 1.978-30.917), respectively. Compared with other prognostic scores, VAT had the highest area under the curve of receiver operating characteristics (ROC) (0.943, 95% CI, 0.909-0.976). CONCLUSION: High VAT and VAT/SMT ratio are independent negative prognostic indicators of AP. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical study registration number: NCT03482921 . Date of registration: 03/23/2018.

14.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093842

RESUMO

Stroke recovery models can improve prognostication of therapy response in patients with chronic aphasia, yet quantifying the effect of lesion on recovery is challenging. This study aimed to evaluate the utility of lesion classification via gray matter (GM)-only versus combined GM plus white matter (WM) metrics and to determine structural measures associated with aphasia severity, naming skills, and treatment outcomes. Thirty-four patients with chronic aphasia due to left hemisphere infarct completed T1-weighted and DTI scans and language assessments prior to receiving a 12-week naming treatment. GM metrics included the amount of spared tissue within five cortical masks. WM integrity was indexed by spared tissue and fractional anisotropy (FA) from four homologous left and right association tracts. Clustering of GM-only and GM + WM metrics via k-medoids yielded four patient clusters that captured two lesion characteristics, size and location. Linear regression models revealed that both GM-only and GM + WM clustering predicted baseline aphasia severity and naming skills, but only GM + WM clustering predicted treatment outcomes. Spearman correlations revealed that without controlling for lesion volume, the majority of left hemisphere metrics were related to language measures. However, adjusting for lesion volume, no relationships with aphasia severity remained significant. FA from two ventral left WM tracts was related to naming and treatment success, independent of lesion size. In sum, lesion volume and GM metrics are sufficient predictors of overall aphasia severity in patients with chronic stroke, whereas diffusion metrics reflecting WM tract integrity may add predictive power to language recovery outcomes after rehabilitation.

15.
Biomater Sci ; 7(7): 2833-2840, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066733

RESUMO

Bacteria can increase drug resistance by forming bacterial biofilms. Once the biofilm is formed, it becomes difficult to remove or kill the related bacteria completely by antibiotics and other antibacterial agents because these antibacterial agents cannot easily break through the biofilm matrix barrier and reach the internal bacteria. Therefore, we synthesized magnetite hybrid nanocomplexes that can penetrate and disrupt bacterial biofilms. The obtained nanocomposites are composed of multinucleated iron oxides and Ag seeds. The outer iron oxides can help the internal Ag nanoparticles penetrate the bacterial biofilms, hence killing the internal bacteria and disrupting the biofilms. We took advantage of E. coli and P. aeruginosa bacteria to test the antibacterial properties of the magnetite hybrid nanocomplexes. When planktonic E. coli and P. aeruginosa bacteria were incubated with 100 µg mL-1 magnetite hybrid nanocomplexes for 30 min, almost all the bacteria were killed. When the obtained biofilms of E. coli and P. aeruginosa were treated with magnetite hybrid nanocomplexes (10 µg mL-1 and 100 µg mL-1), the survival of E. coli and P. aeruginosa biofilms with a magnetic field showed a big decrease compared with that without a magnetic field. Therefore, the as-synthesized nanocomposites have promising potential as antimicrobial agents for killing bacteria and disrupting biofilms in the presence of a magnetic field, and thus should be further studied for a wide range of antibacterial applications.

16.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 17(1): 54, 2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30992018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nanomaterials that exhibit intrinsic enzyme-like characteristics have shown great promise as potential antibacterial agents. However, many of them exhibit inefficient antibacterial activity and biosafety problems that limit their usefulness. The development of new nanomaterials with good biocompatibility and rapid bactericidal effects is therefore highly desirable. Here, we show a new type of terbium oxide nanoparticles (Tb4O7 NPs) with intrinsic oxidase-like activity for in vitro and in vivo antibacterial application. RESULTS: We find that Tb4O7 NPs can quickly oxidize a series of organic substrates in the absence of hydrogen peroxide. The oxidase-like capacity of Tb4O7 NPs allows these NPs to consume antioxidant biomolecules and generate reactive oxygen species to disable bacteria in vitro. Moreover, the in vivo experiments showed that Tb4O7 NPs are efficacious in wound-healing and are protective of normal tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Our results reveal that Tb4O7 NPs have intrinsic oxidase-like activity and show effective antibacterial ability both in vitro and in vivo. These findings demonstrate that Tb4O7 NPs are effective antibacterial agents and may have a potential application in wound healing.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Escherichia coli , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Óxidos/química , Oxirredutases/química , Staphylococcus aureus , Térbio/química , Cicatrização , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Sobrevivência Celular , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemólise , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Óxidos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Térbio/farmacologia
17.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2019 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30923336

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a malignancy caused by the uncontrolled and dysregulated clonal expansion of abnormal myeloid primordial cells. In general, the prognosis of AML remains poor despite new discoveries in its pathogenesis and treatment. It is crucial to find early and sensitive biomarkers and continue to explore active targeted treatments. Interferon-induced transmembrane protein (IFITM) family is an important part of the interferon signaling pathway and participate in the regulation of immune cell signaling, adhesion, cancer, and liver cell migration. However, the clinical and prognostic value of the IFITM family in AML has rarely been studied. We screened The Cancer Genome Atlas database and found 155 AML patients with IFITM family (IFITM1-5) expression data. In patients who only received chemotherapy, those with high IFITM3 expression had significantly shorter event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) than patients with low expression (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that high IFITM3 expression was an independent risk factor for EFS and OS in patients only received chemotherapy (all P < 0.05). In patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), however, all IFITM members had no impact on either EFS or OS. In conclusion, our study elucidated that high IFITM3 expression could be an adverse prognostic factor for AML, whose effect might be overcome by allo-HSCT.

19.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 3433, 2019 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30837522

RESUMO

Obesity is accompanied by low-grade systemic inflammation that etiologically contributes to obesity-induced cardiovascular disease (CVD). Growing evidence supports that neutrophil, the most abundant type of leukocytes in human, is most likely to be the target peripheral leukocyte subtype initiating the inflammatory cascade in obesity. However, few studies have systematically assessed the genome wide changes in neutrophils associated with obesity. In this study, a hypothesis-free OMIC approach (i.e. the discovery phase) and a target approach (i.e. the validation phase) were used to identify obesity related neutrophil activation markers and their roles on CVD risks. In the discovery phase, genome wide DNA methylation, RNA-sequencing and quantitative proteomics were obtained from purified neutrophils (12 obese vs. 12 lean). In the validation phase, gene expression levels of the promising genes from the OMIC platforms were measured in 81 obese cases vs. 83 lean controls, and the association between the expression levels and CVD risks were evaluated. Significant difference was found for one gene, alkaline phosphatase, liver/bone/kidney (ALPL), across 3 OMIC platforms. In the validation phase, the gene expression levels of ALPL in leukocytes were significantly higher in obese compared with lean subjects (p < 0.05). Within the obese population, we observed that ALPL expression level showed significantly positive association with CVD risk factors (p < 0.05) including systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, carotid intima-media thickness and borderline significance with fasting insulin (p = 0.08). This study identified one novel marker ALPL of neutrophil activation in response to obesity and provided evidence that obesity induced change in ALPL expression was associated with CVD risk factors.

20.
Inflammation ; 42(4): 1515-1516, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30903546

RESUMO

The original version of this article contained mistakes, and the authors would like to correct them.

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