Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-4, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314609

RESUMO

Pheochromocytoma is a rare catecholamine producing tumor. During pregnancy, this tumor can mimic gestational hypertension, preeclampsia or eclampsia. We present a case of a 38-year-old, multiparous woman admitted at 36 weeks of gestation due to hypertension. After cesarean section, she developed an unexplainable worsening of her hypertension that was resistant to the traditional therapy. Additional investigation lead to the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. This case highlights the importance of an early diagnosis and the need of a multidisciplinary approach for the improvement of pregnancy outcomes in patients with pheochromocytoma.

2.
J Reprod Infant Psychol ; : 1-11, 2020 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064903

RESUMO

Introduction: Miscarriage is a stressful life event with negative consequences that can last into the subsequent gestation, increasing women's risk for psychological symptoms. Less clear in literature is whether having a living child may buffer the psychological impact of miscarriage on subsequent pregnancies.Objective: explore levels of depression, anxiety and fear of delivery in women with and without a previous miscarriage, taking into consideration the presence of a living child.Method: 208 women (M = 34.68) were recruited during the third trimester of gestation. The sample was composed of 159 women without a previous miscarriage (72.3% primiparae and 27.7% multiparae) and 49 women with a history of miscarriage (53.1% primiparae and 46.9% multiparae). Participants filled out a battery of questionnaires aimed at assessing anxiety, depression, and fear of delivery.Results: Primiparae reported higher levels of fear of childbirth than multiparae. Moreover, women without a history of previous perinatal loss showed lower levels of depression and fear of childbirth than women with a previous perinatal loss.Conclusions: Data highlight the importance of developing specific support groups, for primiparae, due to their great emotional vulnerability, and for women with past miscarriage, to help them cope in adaptive ways with a new pregnancy.

3.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 246: 60-66, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31962257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maturity of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) is of paramount importance for fetal adaptation to extrauterine life and for early neurological development. Markers of ANS maturity, such as electrophysiological heart rate parameters, are of interest as tools to determine prenatal fetal maturity. The available technology, fetal magnetocardiography is expensive and not suitable for clinical use. Detection of fetal electrocardiographic signals using traditional ECG leads on the maternal abdomen may be brought to the bedside, but is technically challenging. Our group has recently developed an innovative system consisting of a standard ECG with external leads applied on the maternal abdomen coupled with a software that extracts the fetal heart signal from the maternal noise. OBJECTIVE: To validate the use of this innovative non-invasive system to detect fetal ECG (fECG) and its ability to detect changes in electrophysiological fetal cardiac parameters associated with ANS maturation. STUDY DESIGN: we recruited 50 pregnant women between 24 and 41 weeks and they received non-invasive recording of fECG. RESULTS: fECG was measurable at all gestational ages. Fetal heart rate variability (RR interval) and other associated parameters, such as low and high frequency increased with gestational age, particularly up to the 31st week. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that non-invasive fECG is feasible throughout a broad range of gestational ages and allows detecting electrophysiological parameters of the fetal heart that may be used a surrogate of ANS maturity. Technological implementation of this system and its further exploitation may generate new tool to estimate fetal maturity.

4.
Case Rep Womens Health ; 24: e00151, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709157

RESUMO

Over the last twenty years, robotic surgery has become an increasingly important form of surgical intervention. However, it can have complications. Trocar site hernia (TSH), also known as port site hernia (PSH), is an uncommon complication, but in the case of bowel incarceration or strangulation it can cause significant morbidity. The lateral trocar sites usually do not need fascial closure, given their low susceptibility to hernia development. In this paper, we present a rare case of an incarcerated TSH from an 8 mm left lateral port after robotic colposacropexy. The patient was a 74-year-old woman with fourth-degree vaginal vault prolapse. She underwent robot-assisted colposacropexy and adnexectomy and was eventually discharged 3 days after surgery, with flatus. A few hours later, the woman developed generalized malaise and acute abdominal pain in the lower left quadrant, with no flatus or bowel movements. CT imaging revealed a small bowel dilatation with a transition point along the left lateral 8 mm trocar site. Laparotomy confirmed an incarcerated ischemic small bowel loop. This required a surgical 40 cm small bowel resection. Although uncommon, TSH is an important clinical entity to recognize after minimally invasive surgery. While it is known that a trocar site port of 10 mm or more does require fascial closure, it is not known whether the same is true of lateral 8 mm sites. Further studies are needed to reconsider the importance of lateral trocar site port fascial closure after robot-assisted surgery.

5.
Front Public Health ; 7: 295, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709213

RESUMO

Postpartum depression is a common and complex phenomenon that can cause relevant negative outcomes for children, women and families. Existing literature highlights a wide range of risk factors. The main focus of this paper is to jointly investigate different types of risk factors (socio-demographic, psychopathological, relational, and related to labor and birth experience) in post-partum depression onset in women during first-child pregnancy, identifying which of these are the most important predictors. A cohort longitudinal study was conducted on 161 Italian nulliparous low-risk women (M age = 31.63; SD = 4.88) without elective cesarean. Data was collected at three different times: Socio-demographic, prenatal anxiety and depression, and quality of close relationship network (with mother, father and partner, and the prenatal attachment to child) were assessed at T1 (week 31-32 of gestation); clinical data on labor and childbirth (mode and typology of delivery, duration of labor, duration of eventual administration of epidural analgesia, and child's APGAR index at birth) were registered at T2 (the day of childbirth); and the degree of post-natal depression symptomatology was measured at T3 (1 month after birth). Postpartum depression is associated with several risk factors (woman's age, woman's prenatal psychopathological characteristics, the level of prenatal attachment to child, the quality of romantic relationship, and some clinical delivery difficulties). Overall, the level of prenatal attachment to child was the most important predictor of post-partum depression. These findings emphasize the very important role of prenatal attachment for the onset of postpartum depression and the need to promote adequate and targeted prevention interventions. Limitations, strengths, and theoretical and clinical implications are discussed.

6.
BMC Surg ; 19(1): 146, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Simulation in laparoscopic surgery is nowadays recognized as a valid instrument for learning and training surgeons in different procedures. However, its role as evaluation test and self-assessment tool to verify basic surgical skills is still under discussion. METHODS: Thirty-three residents in obstetrics and gynecology at University of Pisa, Italy were recruited, and they received a simulation program consisting of 5 tasks. They had to perform basic laparoscopic surgery maneuvers as creating pneumoperitoneum, positioning trocars under vision, demonstrating the appropriate use of dominant and non-dominant hand and making single stitch and knot. They were evaluated with a modified OSATs scale. RESULTS: Senior trainees had better score than junior trainees (p value< 0,005) and after different sessions of simulation scores of both groups significantly improved (p < 0,001), especially for the junior group. All the trainees reported self-assessments that matched with the evaluation of external observers demonstrating the importance of simulation also as auto-evaluation test. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrated the role of simulation as powerful tool to evaluate and to self-assess surgical technical skills and to improve own capacities, with the use of a modified OSATs scale adapted to specific exercises.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/educação , Internato e Residência , Laparoscopia/educação , Treinamento por Simulação , Competência Clínica , Ginecologia/educação , Humanos , Itália , Cirurgiões/educação
7.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; 28(1): 29-33, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21615235

RESUMO

Postmenopausal hormone therapy is associated with increased incidence of breast cancer. For this reason alternative therapeutic options to treat menopausal symptoms have been developed. Red clover extracts (RCE) are rich in isoflavones, particularly genistein and daidzein and they have been proved to be effective in reducing vasomotor symptoms in a number of studies. Due to their partial selectivity of action on estrogen receptors (ERs) these compounds have been claimed to be safer on the breast. In this article, we explored the action of RCE on motility and invasion of ER positive breast cancer cells and we partially characterized the signaling mechanisms. The principal isoflavones contained in RCE acted as weak estrogenic compounds when administered alone. However, when provided in association with physiological amounts of estradiol, RCE acted as estrogen antagonist on remodeling of actin cytoskeleton that are requested to enact cell movement and with related modifications of the activity of actin-binding proteins, such as moesin. These results offer novel information on the molecular actions of isoflavones contained in red clover on breast cancer cells, supporting a possible action of these molecules as natural selective estrogen receptor modulators in the presence of physiological amounts of estrogens.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma/patologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Trifolium/química , Citoesqueleto de Actina/efeitos dos fármacos , Citoesqueleto de Actina/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA