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1.
Psychol Assess ; 31(4): 460-473, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30869960

RESUMO

The development and promotion of social-emotional skills in childhood and adolescence contributes to subsequent well-being and positive life outcomes. However, the assessment of these skills is associated with conceptual and methodological challenges. This review discusses how social-emotional skill measurement in youth could be improved in terms of skills' conceptualization and classification, and in terms of assessment techniques and methodologies. The first part of the review discusses various conceptualizations of social-emotional skills, demonstrates their overlap with related constructs such as emotional intelligence and the Big Five personality dimensions, and proposes an integrative set of social-emotional skill domains that has been developed recently. Next, methodological approaches that are innovative and may improve social-emotional assessments are presented, illustrated by concrete examples. We discuss how these innovations could advance social-emotional assessments, and demonstrate links to similar issues in related fields. We conclude the review by providing several concrete assessment recommendations that follow from this discussion. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional , Determinação da Personalidade , Personalidade , Testes Psicológicos , Habilidades Sociais , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos
2.
Personal Disord ; 9(1): 81-92, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27775412

RESUMO

Personality disorders (PDs) are inherently associated with deficits in relating to other people. Previous research has shown consistent negative associations between categorical PD symptoms and relationship satisfaction. The present studies extend on these findings by examining the role of maladaptive traits in a number of ways. Self- and partner-reported maladaptive traits of both partners are included. Moreover, the present studies add a couple-centered approach by investigating the effects of actual similarity, perceptual similarity, and perceptual accuracy of the maladaptive trait profile on relationship satisfaction. PDs are conceptualized using 2 dimensional maladaptive trait models, that is, the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire in Study 1 and the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 in Study 2. A total of 167 heterosexual couples participated in Study 1 and 52 heterosexual couples in Study 2. The actor-partner interdependence model was used to examine the associations between traits and relationship satisfaction, whereas the coefficient of profile agreement was used for the couple-centered analyses. Overall, results showed that the presence of maladaptive traits within romantic relationships has a detrimental effect on relationship satisfaction. Self-ratings on maladaptive traits, how we perceive our partners, and how we are perceived by our partners on maladaptive traits make significant contributions to our relationship (dis)satisfaction. Among the maladaptive traits, negative affect and detachment were most consistently negatively associated with relationship satisfaction. The couple-centered perspective showed less explanatory value but nontrivial associations between perceptual similarity and relationship satisfaction were found in Study 2. (PsycINFO Database Record


Assuntos
Relações Interpessoais , Satisfação Pessoal , Transtornos da Personalidade/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Cônjuges/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
3.
Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto, Online) ; 27(68): 339-347, Sept.-Dec. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-895166

RESUMO

Abstract: Given the necessity of adequate instruments to measure socio-emotional skills, this study aimed to obtain validity evidence of the Social and Emotional Nationwide Assessment inventory (SENNA 1.0). The instrument was administered to a sample of 634 students (59% females) with a mean age of 16.3 years (SD = 1.21), from eight secondary schools of the Federal District ] of Brazil. Exploratory factor analysis indicated a six factor structure that explained 42.7% of the common variance, while confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory structural equational modeling analysis showed a moderate fit to the data. Reliability coefficients of the factor scores varied between .66 and .89. The coefficients of the convergent validity with the Reduced Scale of the Big Five Personality Factors (ER5FP) had a mean value of .59. In conclusion, the results indicate satisfactory evidence for the score validity of the SENNA 1.0 inventory.


Resumo: Dada a necessidade de instrumentos adequados para a mensuração das competências socioemocionais, o objetivo deste estudo foi obter evidências de validade dos escores do inventário Social and Emotional Nationwide Assessment (SENNA 1.0). O instrumento foi administrado a 634 estudantes (59% mulheres) com uma média de idade de 16,3 anos (DP = 1,21) de oito escolas de ensino médio do Distrito Federal no Brasil. A análise fatorial exploratória indicou uma estrutura de seis fatores explicando 42,7% da variância comum, enquanto análise fatorial confirmatória e modelagem por equações estruturais exploratórias indicaram um ajuste moderado aos dados. Os coeficientes de fidedignidade dos escores fatoriais variaram entre 0,66 e 0,89. Os coeficientes de validade convergente com a Escala Reduzida de Cinco Grandes Fatores de Personalidade (ER5FP) tiveram um valor médio de 0,59. Em conclusão, os resultados sugerem evidências satisfatórias de validade do inventario SENNA 1.0.


Resumen: Dado la necesidad de instrumentos adecuados para medir competencias socioemocionales, el estudio tuvo el objetivo de obtener evidencias de validez del inventario Social and Emotional Nationwide Assessment (SENNA 1.0). El instrumento fue aplicado a una muestra de 634 estudiantes (59% mujeres) con una edad promedio de 16,3 años (DE = 1,21), de ocho escuelas secundarias del Distrito Federal en Brasil. El análisis factorial exploratorio indicó una estructura de seis factores que explicó el 42,7% de varianza común, mientras que el análisis factorial confirmatorio y el modelaje por ecuaciones estructurales exploratorias mostraron un moderado ajuste a los datos. Los coeficientes de confiabilidad de los puntajes factoriales variaron entre 0,66 a 0,89. Los coeficientes de validez convergente con la Escala Reducida de Cinco Grandes Factores de Personalidad (ER5FP) tuvieron un valor promedio de 0,59. En conclusión, los resultados sugieren evidencias satisfactorias de validez del inventario SENNA 1.0.


Assuntos
Personalidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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