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1.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 32(9): 687-698, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635684

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of high positive acceleration (+Gz) environment on dental implant osseointegration in a rabbit model and to investigate its mechanism. METHODS: Forty-eight New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 6 groups. The rabbit's mandibular incisors were extracted and 1 implant was placed in each socket immediately. After 1 week of rest, the rabbits were exposed to a high +Gz environment, 3 times a week. The rabbits were sacrificed at 3 weeks (2 weeks +Gz exposure), 5 weeks (4 weeks +Gz exposure), and 12 weeks (4 weeks +Gz exposure and 7 weeks normal environment) after surgery, respectively. Specimens were harvested for micro-CT scanning, histological analysis, and real-time polymerase chain reaction examination. RESULTS: Compared with those in the control group, the mRNA expression levels of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), osteopontin (OPN), and transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) were significantly lower (P < 0.05), while the mRNA expression level of receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) and the RANKL/osteoprotegerin (OPG) ratio were significantly higher (P < 0.05) at 3 weeks; values of bone volume fraction, trabecular number, bone-implant contact (BIC), and TGF-ß1 and OPG mRNA expression levels were significantly lower (P < 0.05), and the value of trabecular separation, RANKL mRNA expression level and RANKL/OPG ratio were significantly higher (P < 0.05) at 5 weeks; and the value of BIC was still significantly lower (P < 0.05) at 12 weeks in the experimental group. CONCLUSION: Early exposure to the high +Gz environment after implant surgery might have an adverse effect on osseointegration, and its mechanism could be related to the inhibition of osteoblast activity and promotion of osteoclast activity.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480462

RESUMO

Atractylodis Rhizoma (AR), a kind of well-known traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), has a long history of being used to treat spleen-deficiency syndrome (SDS). Stir frying with bran is a common method of processing AR, as recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and is thought to enhance the therapeutic effect in TCM. Our previous studies have confirmed that bran-fried AR is superior to raw AR in terms of the improvement of gastrointestinal tract function. However, the biological mechanism of action is not yet clear. Here, we report the difference between raw and bran-fried AR in terms of the modulatory effect of intestinal microbiota. We found that the composition of intestinal microbiota of SDS rats changed significantly compared with healthy rats and tended to recover to normal levels after treatment with raw and bran-fried AR. Nine bacteria closely related to SDS were identified at the genus level. Among them, the modulatory effect between the raw and bran-fried AR was different. The improved modulation on Bacteroides, Escherichia-Shigella, Phascolarctobacterium, Incertae-Sedis (Defluviitaleaceae Family) and Incertae-Sedis (Erysipelotrichaceae Family) could be the mechanism by which bran-fried AR enhanced the therapeutic effect. Correlation analysis revealed that the modulation on intestinal microbiota was closely related to the secretion and expression of cytokines and gastrointestinal hormones. These findings can help us to understand the role and significance of bran-fried AR against SDS.

3.
BMC Biotechnol ; 19(1): 63, 2019 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455320

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the previous study, the cellulolytic Escherichia coli ZH-4 isolated from bovine rumen was found to show extracellular cellulase activity and could degrade cellulose in the culture. The goal of this work was to identify and characterize the secreted cellulase of E. coli ZH-4. It will be helpful to re-understand E. coli and extend its application in industry. RESULTS: A secreted cellulase was confirmed to be endo-glucanase BcsZ which was encoded by bcsZ gene and located in the cellulose synthase operon bcsABZC in cellulolytic E. coli ZH-4 by western blotting. Characterization of BcsZ indicated that a broad range of pH and temperature tolerance with optima at pH 6.0 and 50 °C, respectively. The apparent Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) and maximal reaction rate (Vmax) for BcsZ were 8.86 mg/mL and 0.3 µM/min·mg, respectively. Enzyme activity of BcsZ was enhanced by Mg2+ and inhibited by Zn2+, Cu2+ and Fe3+. BcsZ could hydrolyze carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) to produce cello-oligosaccharides, cellotriose, cellobiose and glucose. CONCLUSIONS: It is confirmed that extracellular cellulolytic capability of E. coli ZH-4 was attributed to BcsZ, which explained why E. coli ZH-4 can grow on cellulose. The endo-glucanase BcsZ from E. coli-ZH4 has some new characteristics which will extend the understanding of endo-glucanase. Analysis of the secretion characteristics of BcsZ provided a great reference for applying E. coli in multiple industrial fields.

4.
Urology ; 133: 96-102, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454656

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the effect of the biallelic somatic TSC2 mutations, identified in one adolescent patient, in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: Mutation analyses, immunohistochemistry and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were conducted. RESULTS: Two novel somatic mutations of TSC2 in unilateral and solitary RCC samples from a 14-year-old female were identified. The pathological features suggest the tumor as a clear-cell renal cell carcinoma. In addition, immunohistochemistry revealed elevated levels of phosphorylated S6K1. Results from in vitro cellular experiments suggest that the mutant TSC2 proteins were quickly degraded and they failed to repress the phosphorylation of S6K1 and STAT3, which leads to constitutive activation of mTORC1 pathway and ultimately cause the development of RCC. CONCLUSION: Detecting TSC2 mutation in patients with early RCC onset would be beneficial and mTOR inhibitor could be a therapeutic option for TSC2 mutation-induced RCC.

5.
Sci Transl Med ; 11(502)2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341059

RESUMO

TYK2 is a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase involved in adaptive and innate immune responses. A deactivating coding variant has previously been shown to prevent receptor-stimulated activation of this kinase and provides high protection from several common autoimmune diseases but without immunodeficiency. An agent that recapitulates the phenotype of this deactivating coding variant may therefore represent an important advancement in the treatment of autoimmunity. BMS-986165 is a potent oral agent that similarly blocks receptor-stimulated activation of TYK2 allosterically and with high selectivity and potency afforded through optimized binding to a regulatory domain of the protein. Signaling and functional responses in human TH17, TH1, B cells, and myeloid cells integral to autoimmunity were blocked by BMS-986165, both in vitro and in vivo in a phase 1 clinical trial. BMS-986165 demonstrated robust efficacy, consistent with blockade of multiple autoimmune pathways, in murine models of lupus nephritis and inflammatory bowel disease, supporting its therapeutic potential for multiple immune-mediated diseases.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(17): 6822-6826, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30986355

RESUMO

Due to the structural advantages displayed by Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs), integrating Valence Tautomerism (VT) systems within MOFs could be an effective strategy in order to break through the constraints of the traditional ones. Herein, we report the first successful integration of a VT system into a MOF termed VT-MOF-1. The structural characteristics of VT-MOF-1, such as dinuclear cobalt-catechol clusters and solvent-accessible pores, are both innovative and novel, potentially yielding new vitality within VT field. In addition, VT-MOF-1 exhibits specific behaviors responsive to temperature and different solvent molecules as n-butanol, tert-butanol, and isopropyl alcohol. The entropy values and configurations of the solvent molecules might be responsible for the tunable sensing behaviors.

7.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(1): 68-71, 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30813673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study role of TLR4/NF-κB pathway for early change of synovial membrane in knee osteoarthritis rats. METHODS: Eighteen male SD rats weighted (200±20) g were randomly divided into 2 groups, namely control and model group, and 9 in each group. Knee OA model group was established by using modified Hulth method in model group. Control group was not treated. Synovial tissue and serum was extracted at 4 and 21 d after operation. Expression of CD14, TLR4, IL-1ß, TNF-α, ADAMTS-4, MMP-13 were detected by real-time PCR respectively. NF-κB p65 protein was detected by Western-blot; serum concentrations of haluronic acid (HA), N-propeptide of type III procollagen(PIIINP) was detected by Elisa. RESULTS: Expression of CD14, ADAMTS-4, and NF-κB p65 in model group were higher than that of control group at 4 and 21 days after operation, while expression of TLR4, IL-1ß, TNF-α and MMP-13 were higher than that of control group at 21 days after operation(P<0.01). Concentration of PIIINP and HA in model group were higher than that of control group at 4 days after operation, while there was no significant difference at 21 days after operation. CONCLUSIONS: NF-κB pathway could mediate occurrence of KOA by early activating and triggeringg synovial increasingly secreting inflammatory secretion CD14, TLR4, IL-1ß, TNF-α, ADAMTS-4, MMP-13, PIIINP and HA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Animais , Masculino , NF-kappa B , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Membrana Sinovial , Receptor 4 Toll-Like
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30646539

RESUMO

Rice consumption is the main methylmercury (MeHg) exposure route for residents in mercury (Hg) mining areas. However, there is limited studies on mercury in commercial rice, which has high liquidity and can be directly consumed by urban residents. This study measured the total Hg (THg) and MeHg concentrations in 146 rice samples purchased from the markets in Guiyang city, southwest China, and both the inorganic Hg (IHg) and MeHg estimated daily intakes (EDIs) and hazard quotients (HQs) were calculated according to rice consumption. The THg concentrations in all rice samples (range: 0.97 to 13.10 µg·kg-1; mean: 3.88 µg·kg-1) were lower than the Chinese national standard (20 µg·kg-1). The average MeHg concentration in rice was 1.16 µg·kg-1. The total HQs (THQs) ranged from 0.0106 to 0.1048, with a mean of 0.0462, which was far lower than 1. This result suggests that there were low Hg exposure levels through consumption of commercial rice in residents of Guiyang.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Mercúrio/análise , Compostos de Metilmercúrio/análise , Oryza , Adulto , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Mineração , Medição de Risco
9.
Am J Transl Res ; 10(10): 3068-3085, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30416651

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase-extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (MEK-ERK1/2) signaling pathway in chondrocyte differentiation and cartilage tissue construction in vitro. Chondrocytes were stimulated with rat serum (RS) and fetal bovine serum (FBS), and chondrocyte phenotypes were investigated microscopically. Chondrocyte proliferation was analyzed using fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) and the CCK8 method. Protein and mRNA expressions were assessed by western blot and RT-qPCR. Constructed cartilage tissues were examined by Safranin O-Fast Green FCF staining and immunofluorescence. In contrast to FBS, RS induced rapid dedifferentiation of chondrocytes and decreased type II collagen expression and proteoglycan synthesis. ERK1/2 and type I collagen expression increased during dedifferentiation and decreased during redifferentiation. Increased MEK-ERK1/2 pathway activity resulted in chondrocyte dedifferentiation, and inhibition of ERK1/2 by the inhibitor PD0325901 reversed dedifferentiation and led to redifferentiation. These data suggest strongly that inhibition of MEK-ERK1/2 activation prevents chondrocyte dedifferentiation and fibrocartilage formation.

10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 140(44): 14581-14585, 2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30347976

RESUMO

Herein, we report the construction of a neutral, radical-rich, cobalt valence tautomeric triangle, which consists of two types of radical groups including tetrazine-based bridges and semiquinone anions at high temperature and has traits of high intensity and density of sensing sites. The mechanism of the Valence Tautomerism process within the triangle has been illustrated as one electron transfer, preceding a two electrons transfer along with the phenomenon of spin flipping.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(46): 39478-39486, 2018 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30350935

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the second cause of cancer mortality in women globally. Early detection, treatment, and metastasis monitoring are of great importance to favorable prognosis. Although conventional diagnostic methods, such as breast X-ray mammography and image positioning biopsy, are accurate, they could cause radioactive or invasive damage to patients. Liquid biopsy as a noninvasive method is convenient for repeated sampling in clinical cancer prognostic, metastatic evaluation, and relapse monitoring. MicroRNAs encased in exosomes circulating in biofluids are promising candidate cancer biomarkers because of their cancer-specific expression profiles. Here, we report an in situ detection of microRNA-1246 (miR-1246) in human plasma exosomes as breast cancer biomarker by a nucleic acid functionalized Au nanoflare probe. Needing neither time-consuming and costly isolation of exosomes from the plasma sample nor transfection means, the Au nanoflare probe can directly enter the plasma exosomes to generate fluorescent signal quantitatively by specifically targeting miR-1246. Only 40 µL of plasma is needed to incubate 4 h with the probe, giving signal sensitive enough to distinguish samples of breast cancer to normal control. Using plasma miR-1246 level detected by our assay as a marker, we differentiated 46 breast cancer patients from 28 healthy controls with 100% sensitivity and 92.9% specificity at the best cutoff. This simple, accurate, sensitive, and cost-effective liquid biopsy by the Au nanoflare probe is potent to be developed as a noninvasive breast cancer diagnostic assay for clinical adaption.

12.
Endocr Connect ; 7(12): 1217-1225, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30352407

RESUMO

Pheochromocytoma and paragangliomas (PCC/PGL) are neuroendocrine tumors that arise from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla and sympathetic/parasympathetic ganglia, respectively. Of clinical relevance regarding diagnosis is the highly variable presentation of symptoms in PCC/PGL patients. To date, the clear-cut correlations between the genotypes and phenotypes of PCC/PGL have not been entirely established. In this study, we reviewed the medical records of PCC/PGL patients with pertinent clinical, laboratory and genetic information. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) performed on patient samples revealed specific germline mutations in the SDHB (succinate dehydrogenase complex iron-sulfur subunit B) and SDHD (succinate dehydrogenase complex subunit D) genes and these mutations were validated by Sanger sequencing. Of the 119 patients, two were identified with SDHB mutation and one with SDHD mutation. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was used to analyze the expression of these mutated genes. The germline mutations identified in the SDH genes were c343C>T and c.541-542A>G in the SDHB gene and c.334-337delACTG in the SDHD gene. IHC staining of tumors from the c.343C>T and c.541-2A>G carriers showed positive expression of SDHB. Tumors from the c.334-337delACTG carrier showed no expression of SDHD and a weak diffused staining pattern for SDHB. We strongly recommend genetic testing for suspected PCC/PGL patients with a positive family history, early onset of age, erratic hypertension, recurrence or multiple tumor sites and loss of SDHB and/or SDHD expression. Tailored personal management should be conducted once a patient is confirmed as an SDHB and/or SDHD mutation carrier or diagnosed with PCC/PGL.

13.
J Cell Biochem ; 2018 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30304565

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone cancer that mainly affects children and young adults. Recently, the NAD+ -dependent deacetylase, sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), has been reported to play a key role in the development of malignant tumors. The study aimed to investigate the role of SIRT1 in osteosarcoma and explore its underlying oncogenic mechanisms. The prognostic value of SIRT1 in osteosarcoma was assessed through detection of SIRT1 expression based on osteosarcoma biopsy tissue. Then, to further investigate the effect of SIRT1 in osteosarcoma, osteosarcoma cells were treated with small interfering RNA SIRT1 and overexpressed SIRT1 to detect the cell migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The levels of SIRT1 expression were significantly higher in osteosarcoma tissues than those in adjacent normal tissues, and the SIRT1 protein level may be coupled with metastatic and poor prognosis risk in patients with osteosarcoma. Moreover, SIRT1 silencing inhibited the migration as well as invasion ability of osteosarcoma cells in vitro, and SIRT1 upregulation reversed those effects. Finally, we found that SIRT1-ZEB1-positive feedback enhanced the EMT process and metastasis of osteosarcoma. Altogether, the results of the current study revealed that high levels of SIRT1 might be a biomarker for a high metastatic rate in patients with osteosarcoma, which suggested that inhibition of SIRT1 might be promising for the therapeutics of osteosarcoma.

14.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2018 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30315249

RESUMO

Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels play a critical role in controlling pacemaker activity in both heart and nervous system. Developing HCN channel inhibitors has been proposed to be an important strategy for the treatment of pain, heart failure, arrhythmias, and epilepsy. One HCN channel inhibitor, ivabradine, has been clinically approved for the treatment of angina pectoris and heart failure. In this study, we designed and synthesized eight alkanol amine derivatives, and assessed their effects on HCN channels expressed in COS7 cells using a whole-cell patch clamp method. Among them, compound 4e displayed the most potent inhibitory activity with an IC50 of 2.9 ± 1.2 µM at - 120 mV on HCN2 channel expressed in COS7 cells. Further analysis revealed that application of compound 4e (10 µM) caused a slowing of activation and a hyperpolarizing shift (ΔV1/2 = - 30.2 ± 2.9 mV, n = 5) in the voltage dependence of HCN2 channel activation. The inhibitory effect of compound 4e on HCN1 and HCN4 channel expressed in COS7 cells was less potent with IC50 of 17.2 ± 1.3 and 7.3 ± 1.2 µM, respectively. Besides, we showed that application of compound 4e (10 µM) inhibited Ih and action potential firing in acutely dissociated mouse small dorsal root ganglion neurons. Our study provides a new strategy for the design and development of potent HCN channel inhibitors.

15.
Cancer Metastasis Rev ; 37(2-3): 355-368, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30094570

RESUMO

Therapeutic resistance has been and remains to be the major challenge in developing successful treatments for different cancers and therefore, understanding the underlying mechanisms in the development of therapeutic resistance is crucial in combating cancers. Multiple mechanisms underlie the development of therapeutic resistance, and the signaling pathways involved in cancer stem cell repopulation, enhanced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), inflammatory infiltration, and immunosuppression play pivotal roles in this process. Accumulating evidence indicates that the COX2/PGE2/EP axis plays crucial roles not only in tumor development including initiation and progression but also in the development of therapeutic resistance. In this review, we will first dissect the relationship between the COX2/PGE2/EP axis and therapeutic resistance by focusing on the roles of the COX2/PGE2/EP axis in cancer stem cell repopulation, EMT, and anti-cancer immunity. Then, we will summarize the currently available compounds/drugs targeting each component of this axis as well as some of the underlying mechanisms. We hope that better understanding the underlying mechanisms of the functional compounds will be helpful in seeking additive and/or synergistic effects against therapeutic resistance without or with minimal adverse consequence.

16.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 12: 741-750, 2018 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30121551

RESUMO

The role of p53 in renal fibrosis is still controversial, and its underlying mechanisms remain not clear. Here, we showed that the pharmacological inhibition and genetic deletion of p53 in proximal tubular cells can attenuate renal dysfunction, tubular epithelial disruption, and interstitial fibrosis in db/db and STZ-induced diabetic nephrology (DN) mice. In human renal proximal tubule (human kidney 2 [HK-2]) cells, inhibition of p53 by PIF reduced the high glucose (HG)-induced extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation and reversed the inhibitory effect of HG on mRNA expression levels of lncRNA zinc finger E-box binding homeobox1-antisense RNA 1 (ZEB1-AS1) and ZEB1. Interestingly, our results demonstrated that both lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 and ZEB1 exhibited an anti-fibrotic role, while ZEB1 is positively regulated by lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 during HG treatment. Mechanistically, lnc ZEB1-AS1 bound directly to H3K4 methyltransferase myeloid and lymphoid or mixed-lineage leukemia 1 (MLL1) and promoted H3K4me3 histone modification on ZEB1 promoter, which was reduced by HG treatment. ChIP analysis indicated the binding of p53 to the promoter region of lnc ZEB1-AS1. Furthermore, the findings were verified by the kidney biopsy samples from patients with DN. Taken all together, our results suggest that p53 may be a therapeutic target for renal fibrosis in DN.

17.
Oncol Lett ; 16(2): 1593-1601, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30008842

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a type of malignant tumor with a high mortality rate. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) serve important roles in cellular processes and gene regulation. Identifying novel prognostic biomarkers is important for the monitoring and treatment of HCC. However, only a limited number of biomarkers with high sensitivity and specificity have been determined and are used in clinical practice. The aim of the present study was to investigate the use of serum lncRNA uc007biz.1 (LRB1) expression levels as a novel non-invasive biomarker for the monitoring and diagnosis of HCC. The expression levels of LRB1 were detected in 326 patients with HCC and 73 healthy volunteers by using lncRNA expression microarrays and reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis, and the associations between LRB1 expression and clinical parameters were analyzed. The results indicated that the serum LRB1 levels in patients with HCC were significantly increased compared with healthy volunteers. The serum LRB1 levels were positively associated with α-fetoprotein (AFP) expression, large tumor sizes, tumor stage (tumor-node metastasis or Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage) and venous invasion, and were negatively associated with overall survival. Additionally, the use of a combination of LRB1, AFP and des-γ-carboxy prothrombin (DCP) markers for the diagnosis of HCC, the diagnostic accuracy was increased compared with using LRB1 alone. LRB1 may act as an important regulator in the progression of HCC, and LRB1 may be considered as a novel biomarker for diagnosis and prediction of prognosis of HCC, additionally complementing the accuracy of AFP and DCP.

18.
Clin Cancer Res ; 24(22): 5622-5634, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30012567

RESUMO

Purpose: Inflammatory infiltration plays important roles in both carcinogenesis and metastasis. We are interested in understanding the inhibitory mechanism of metformin on tumor-associated inflammation in prostate cancer.Experimental Design: By using a transgenic adenocarcinoma of the mouse prostate (TRAMP) mouse model, in vitro macrophage migration assays, and patient samples, we examined the effect of metformin on tumor-associated inflammation during the initiation and after androgen deprivation therapy of prostate cancer.Results: Treating TRAMP mice with metformin delays prostate cancer progression from low-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia to high-grade PIN, undifferentiated to well-differentiated, and PIN to adenocarcinoma with concurrent inhibition of inflammatory infiltration evidenced by reduced recruitment of macrophages. Furthermore, metformin is capable of inhibiting the following processes: inflammatory infiltration after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) induced by surgically castration in mice, bicalutamide treatment in patients, and hormone deprivation in LNCaP cells. Mechanistically, metformin represses inflammatory infiltration by downregulating both COX2 and PGE2 in tumor cells.Conclusions: Metformin is capable of repressing prostate cancer progression by inhibiting infiltration of tumor-associated macrophages, especially those induced by ADT, by inhibiting the COX2/PGE2 axis, suggesting that a combination of ADT with metformin could be a more efficient therapeutic strategy for prostate cancer treatment. Clin Cancer Res; 24(22); 5622-34. ©2018 AACR.

19.
Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract ; : 1-6, 2018 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29703117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have implicated norepinephrine transporter gene (NET) polymorphisms in the etiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). A functional NET T-182C polymorphism (rs2242446) in the promoter region and a synonymous polymorphisms G1287A in the exon 9 (rs5569) were associated with MDD in different populations. However, few studies have focused on the relationship between these polymorphisms and MDD patients with suicidality. The objective of the present study was to examine whether the two polymorphisms are associated with MDD patients with suicidality in the Han Chinese population. METHODS: Two hundred and sixty-three suicidal depressed patients and 241 non-suicidal depressed patients who met DSM-IV criteria for MDD were recruited from our hospital. Three hundred and three unrelated, age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects participated in this case-control study. Suicidality was assessed using Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Hamilton rating scale for depression (HAMD). Genotypes of T-182C polymorphism (rs2242446) and G1287A (rs5569) were screened by polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: No statistical significant differences between patients and controls were found for any of the analysed polymorphisms, either in the genotype or allele distribution. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the investigated polymorphisms are not major susceptibility factors in the etiology of MDD with suicidality. However, the results must be verified in larger samples and different ethnicities.

20.
West J Nurs Res ; 40(5): 725-737, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28322642

RESUMO

Heart failure due to volume overload is a major reason for rehospitalization in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients. Strict volume control provides better cardiac functions and blood pressure in this population. Volume management, which is a volume control strategy, may decrease volume overload and related complications. Using a quasi-experimental design, 66 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients were randomly assigned to the intervention group ( n = 34) and control group ( n = 32). The patients were followed up for 6 months with scheduled clinic and/or telephone visits; the intervention group adopted volume management strategy, while the control group adopted conventional care. Volume overload and cardiac function were compared between the two groups at the baseline and at 6 months. At Month 6, the intervention group resulted in significant improvement in volume overloaded status, cardiac function, and volume-overload-related rehospitalization. Volume management strategy allows for better control of volume overload and is associated with fewer volume-related readmissions.


Assuntos
Dietoterapia/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hidrodinâmica , Diálise Peritoneal Ambulatorial Contínua/normas , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/análise , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
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