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1.
J Phys Chem B ; 124(6): 953-960, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958369

RESUMO

Artificial molecular machines have played an indispensable role in many chemical and biological processes in recent decades. Among all kinds of molecular machines, molecular rotor systems have attracted increasing attention. In this work, we used density functional theory (DFT) calculations to investigate the rotational behaviors of on-surface molecular rotors based on porphyrin, which is a species of molecule with wide biological and chemical compatibilities. Moreover, our comparative studies demonstrate that macrocycle metalation, supporting substrate replacement, and functional group substitutions can effectively modify the rotational barrier of porphyrin rotors. We believe that these modification methods can further guide the path to achieve highly controllable on-surface molecular rotor systems in future applications.

2.
Chemistry ; 26(3): 584-591, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725180

RESUMO

Selection of the friction electrode materials is crucial to the performance of a triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG). In the present study, a metal-organic coordination complex containing organosulfonate counteranions with electron-donating ability was synthesized through the coordination-driven self-assembly approach under mild reaction conditions and was chosen as a positive electrode material to construct a triboelectric nanogenerator, exhibiting high-output performance with a peak value of short circuit current density of 98.6 µA and an output voltage of 1180 V. As a practical application, it was shown to light up 1488 commercial green LEDs and power an anticorrosion system device to protect metals from corrosion.

3.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 317: 108461, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794931

RESUMO

Vibrio parahaemolyticus is the leading cause of foodborne bacterial poisoning in China. The aim of this research is to conduct a study on the prevalence, virulence, and antimicrobial resistance of V. parahaemolyticus from different types of food samples in 12 different cities of China. Since fluoroquinolones are the major choice of treatment for V. parahaemolyticus infections, the genetic basis for fluoroquinolone resistance in V. parahaemolyticus were also investigated. V. parahaemolyticus was detected in 163 of the 784 food samples collected from 12 different cities in China, resulting in a prevalence of 20.79%. The prevalence of V. parahaemolyticus in ready-to-eat (RTE) food (4.96%) was much lower than those of shrimp (32.62%) and fish (22.00%). Virulence gene screening showed that 44 (27.00%) V. parahaemolyticus strains carried at least one virulence gene. Four isolates from shrimp and three isolates from fish contained both the virulence genes tdh and trh. In addition, the trh was firstly detected in one isolate collected from RTE food. All isolates exhibited relatively high resistance rates to ampicillin (82.21%), gentamicin (19.63%), and tetracycline (14.11%), while <10% of strains were resistant to ciprofloxacin (4.91%), levofloxacin (4.91%), and tetracycline (4.29%). Eight fluoroquinolone-resistant V. parahaemolyticus were selected to determine the molecular basis for fluoroquinolone resistance. These eight isolates belonged to three different types according to enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus sequence PCR (ERIC-PCR). A Ser83Ile substitution in GyrA was deteted in seven fluoroquinolone-resistant strains, except V209 which harbored a Ser83Phe substitution in GyrA. Moreover, A Ser85Leu substitution in ParC was found in five isolates (V52, V53, V61, V163, and V209). Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes were detected in all eight fluoroquinolone-resistant V. parahaemolyticus strains. This is the first report of Ser83Phe substitution in GyrA, qnrD and qnrS1 in V. parahaemolyticus. The information generated in this study will provide valuable information for risk assessment of V. parahaemolyticus infections and future control of antibiotic-resistant V. parahaemolyticus species in China.

4.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 318: 108473, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863965

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of integrons and integron-associated antibiotic resistance in V. parahaemolyticus strains collected from RTE foods in China, and to carry out a comprehensive analysis on the molecular characterization of V. parahaemolyticus strains carrying blaVEB-1-positive class 1 integron. Of the 51 V. parahaemolyticus strains isolated from RTE food samples, none of the isolates was found to carry integrase genes intI2 and IntI3. However, all 51 strains were positive to integrase gene intI1, and only 2 of 51 (3.92%) intI1-positive isolates yielded polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products of gene cassette amplification. Sequence data and BLAST analysis indicated the gene cassette arrays of class 1 integron in VP007 is dfrA14-blaVEB-1-aadB, while the gene cassette arrays of class 1 integron in V187 is blaVEB-1-aadB-arr2-cmlA-blaOXA-10-aadA1. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing showed that the two V. parahaemolyticus isolates harboring class 1 integrons exhibited multi-drug resistance to various antibiotics. S1-PFGE and Southern blot analysis confirmed the class 1 integron harboring blaVEB-1 gene in V187 was located on the plasmid of ~175 kb and transferrable to the recipient strain by conjugation. This is the first detection of class 1 integrons harboring the ESBL gene blaVEB-1 in V. parahaemolyticus. To the best of our knowledge, this is also the first report of VEB-producing V. parahaemolyticus from RTE foods. Our findings revealed that class 1 integron on conjugative plasmid contributes significantly to the dissemination of VEB-producing V. parahaemolyticus, which warrants further investigation because of the public health threat it poses.

5.
J Environ Manage ; 248: 109275, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466176

RESUMO

For most developing countries, local government faces a trade-off between economic growth and environmental protection. The intentions towards having a better environment as the economy grows will trigger a shift in the priorities of local government from economy to environment at a certain level of economic development. To investigate the "pollute first, control later" path in China and how environmental regulation performs differently due to economic development, this paper develops a conceptual model to depict the nexus between economic growth and environmental improvement. A panel threshold model is estimated based on Chinese data from different spatial scales - 30 provinces and 105 environmental monitoring cities. The results validate the threshold of economic development of approximately CNY 90,000 GDP per capita, which represents the turning point for the local government priority change; such that only when it is exceeded does environmental regulation significantly reduce emissions. Until 2016, only 4 provincial districts and 35 prefecture-level cities have crossed the threshold, these being mostly in the more prosperous eastern coastal areas. The results emphasize the need to consider timeliness when evaluating the effectiveness of environmental regulation and highlight the importance of adopting differentiated governance. Moreover, the need to enhance the effectiveness of environmental regulation requires driving the change of local government's priority to the environment and strengthening the institutional capacity of environmental protection agencies.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Desenvolvimento Econômico , China , Cidades , Países em Desenvolvimento
6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(37): 14505-14509, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423775

RESUMO

Silver cluster-assembled materials (SCAMs), by virtue of their tunable structure, accessible surface area and excellent stability, hold great promise as highly efficient catalysts. Herein, we report a new SCAM [Ag12(StBu)6(CF3COO)3(TPyP)]n (denoted as Ag12TPyP) composed of a Ag12 chalcogenolate cluster core stabilized by porphyrinic ligands. Ag12TPyP showed superior sulfur mustard simulant (2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide, CEES) degradation efficiency and achieved a half lifetime (t1/2) of 1.5 min with 100% selectivity. The experimental results demonstrated that synergistic effects between the silver cluster and photosensitizer ligand promote the efficiency of the generation of singlet oxygen (1O2), which accelerates the decontamination rate. Additionally, benefiting from strong affinity between the silver cluster and CEES, Ag12TPyP exhibits a CEES uptake of 74.2 mg g-1. This work demonstrates that SCAMs offer a new route to the rational design of novel materials for the detoxification of mustard gas.

7.
iScience ; 19: 623-633, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446225

RESUMO

It is well known that nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) regulates neuronal structures and functions by nuclear transcription. Here, we showed that phospho-p65 (p-p65), an active form of NF-κB subunit, reversibly interacted with Nav1.7 channels in the membrane of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of rats. The interaction increased Nav1.7 currents by slowing inactivation of Nav1.7 channels and facilitating their recovery from inactivation, which may increase the resting state of the channels ready for activation. In cultured DRG neurons TNF-α upregulated the membrane p-p65 and enhanced Nav1.7 currents within 5 min but did not affect nuclear NF-κB within 40 min. This non-transcriptional effect on Nav1.7 may underlie a rapid regulation of the sensibility of the somatosensory system. Both NF-κB and Nav1.7 channels are critically implicated in many physiological functions and diseases. Our finding may shed new light on the investigation into the underlying mechanisms.

8.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 118: 109220, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357081

RESUMO

Triiodothyronine (T3), the biologically active form of thyroid hormone, was reported to protect myocardium from ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury when given before sustained ischemia, but its cardioprotective effects when given at the onset of reperfusion (postconditioning), a protocol with more clinical impact is unknown. Therefore, the present study was designed to determine whether T3 postconditioning (THPostC) is able to protect the heart from reperfusion injury and its underlying mechanisms. Isolated Sprague-Dawley rat hearts were subjected to 30 min ischemia/45 min reperfusion, triiodothyronine was delivered at the first 5 min of reperfusion. Our data shown that T3 from 1 to 10 µM during the first 5-min of reperfusion concentration-dependently improved post-ischemic myocardial function. A similar protection was observed in isolated rat cardiomyocytes characterized by the alleviation of I/R-induced loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and exacerbated cell death. Moreover, mitophagy (selectively recognize and remove damaged mitochondria) was significantly stimulated by myocardial I/R, which was enhanced with THPostC. Meanwhile, we found that THPostC stimulated PINK1/Parkin pathway, a critical regulator for mitophagy. Then, adenoviral knockdown of PINK1 and Parkin conformed its roles in the THPostC-mediated cardioprotection. Our results suggest that THPostC confers cardioprotection against I/R injury at least in part by reinforcing PINK1-dependent mitophagy. These findings reveal new roles and mechanisms of triiodothyronine in the cardioprotection against I/R injury.

9.
BMC Microbiol ; 19(1): 119, 2019 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ready-to-eat (RTE) vegetables have become increasingly popular along with the trend of moving towards a healthy lifestyle. However, RTE vegetables are at a higher risk of containing pathogens, maybe owing to lack of rigorous sanitization procedures. To understand the prevalence and potential risk of Listeria monocytogenes in RTE vegetables, we investigated the contamination level and characteristics of L. monocytogenes isolated from fresh vegetables. RESULTS: Twenty-three (5.49%) of the 419 vegetables samples were positive for L. monocytogenes. Phylogenetic group I.1 (1/2a-3a) and II.2 (1/2b-3b-7) strains were predominant in 30 isolates, which accounted for 33.3 and 50.0%, respectively. Multilocus sequence typing of the 30 isolates grouped them into nine sequence types (STs). The most common STs were ST87 (36.7%) and ST8 (26.7%). Virulence analysis showed that all 30 isolates harbored eight classical virulence genes, 10.0% isolates harbored the llsX gene (ST3 and ST1 strains), and 36.7% carried the ptsA gene and belonged to ST87. Approximately 83.3% isolates carried full-length inlA, whereas five isolates had premature stop codons in inlA, three of which belonged to ST9 and two to ST8. Antibiotic susceptibility showed the isolates were varyingly resistant to 13 antibiotics, 26.7% of the isolates were multi-drug resistant. CONCLUSIONS: The fresh vegetables contain some potential hypervirulent L. monocytogenes (ST1 and ST87) in the Chinese markets. In addition, the high rate of L. monocytogenes isolates was multi-drug resistant. Fresh raw vegetables may be a possible transmission route for L. monocytogenes infection in consumers. Therefore, sanitization of raw fresh vegetables should be strengthened to ensure their microbiological safety when used as RTE vegetables.

10.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 304: 119-126, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195259

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus encodes numerous toxins that are known or strongly suspected to cause specific diseases or symptoms. Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) is one of these important toxins that is associated with high mortality rates. In our previous study, 1581 S. aureus strains were isolated from 4300 samples of retail foods obtained from most of the provincial capitals in China from 2011 to 2016. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of PVL-positive S. aureus isolates from retail foods in China and characterize these isolates by antibiotic resistance testing, spa typing, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and enterotoxin gene analyses. In total, seventy-two isolates (72/1581, 4.6%) possessed pvl genes, including 24.1% MRSA isolates (26/108) and 3.1% MSSA isolates (46/1473), covering different types of food. The strains were divided into seventeen sequence types (STs) and twenty-seven spa types, and 43.1% (31/72) of the PVL-positive S. aureus isolates belonged to CC59-t437. These isolates contained at least one of the following enterotoxin genes: sei (97.2%), sem (86.1%), seq (80.6%), seg (68.1%), sek (68.1%), seb (62.5%), sel (52.8%), sej (50.0%), seh (48.6%), sep (45.8%), sea (38.9%), ser (37.5%), sen (27.8%), sec (16.7%), see (16.7%), sed (6.9%), seo (6.9%) and seu (6.7%). A total of 87.5% of the S. aureus isolates (63/72) harboured the classic SE genes (sea, seb, sec, sed, and see), whereas all the S. aureus isolates harboured the genes of the egc cluster (seg, sei, sem, sen, seo, and seu). In antimicrobial susceptibility tests, 98.6% of the isolates (71/72) exhibited resistance to at least one antibiotic, including 47 multi-drug-resistant isolates. Resistance to penicillin (94.4%), erythromycin (83.4%), clindamycin (63.9%), kanamycin (61.1%), telithromycin (58.3%), streptomycin (51.4%), tetracycline (47.2%), chloramphenicol (27.8%), fusidic acid (27.8%) and other antibiotics (<20%) was observed. All the PVL-positive MRSA isolates belonged to CC59-t437, which is the predominant type of community-associated (CA)-MRSA in China. The presence of these isolates in food represents a potential health risk for consumers and warrants further attention.


Assuntos
Toxinas Bacterianas/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Enterotoxinas/genética , Exotoxinas/genética , Leucocidinas/genética , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/genética , Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , China/epidemiologia , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Microbiologia de Alimentos/métodos , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/microbiologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/isolamento & purificação , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/patogenicidade , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Prevalência , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia
11.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 948, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31156567

RESUMO

Bacillus cereus is a food-borne opportunistic pathogen that can induce diarrheal and emetic symptoms. It is widely distributed in different environments and can be found in various foods, including fresh vegetables. As their popularity grows worldwide, the risk of bacterial contamination in fresh vegetables should be fully evaluated, particularly in vegetables that are consumed raw or processed minimally, which are not commonly sterilized by enough heat treatment. Thereby, it is necessary to perform potential risk evaluation of B. cereus in vegetables. In this study, 294 B. cereus strains were isolated from vegetables in different cities in China to analyze incidence, genetic polymorphism, presence of virulence genes, and antimicrobial resistance. B. cereus was detected in 50% of all the samples, and 21/211 (9.95%) of all the samples had contamination levels of more than 1,100 MPN/g. Virulence gene detection revealed that 95 and 82% of the isolates harbored nheABC and hblACD gene clusters, respectively. Additionally, 87% of the isolates harbored cytK gene, and 3% of the isolates possessed cesB. Most strains were resistant to rifampicin and ß-lactam antimicrobials but were sensitive to imipenem, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, kanamycin, telithromycin, ciprofloxacin, and chloramphenicol. In addition, more than 95.6% of the isolates displayed resistance to three kinds of antibiotics. Based on multilocus sequence typing, all strains were classified into 210 different sequence types (STs), of which 145 isolates were assigned to 137 new STs. The most prevalent ST was ST770, but it included only eight isolates. Taken together, our research provides the first reference for the incidence and characteristics of B. cereus in vegetables collected throughout China, indicating a potential hazard of B. cereus when consuming vegetables without proper handling.

12.
Anim Cells Syst (Seoul) ; 23(3): 235-240, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231588

RESUMO

The breeding biology of the little egret (Egretta garzetta) was studied in 20 nests within the mixed-species breeding colonies at Nanchong, Sichuan, Southwest China, in 2006. By measuring a set of physical characteristics of vegetation at the nests and at a set of 20 randomly chosen sites we showed that birds preferentially used taller trees in areas with fewer shrubs of higher species diversity. Nests at lower locations in trees had marginally lower hatching success due to their destruction by humans; this destruction contributed marginally significantly to lowering of the total nesting success in all studied nests. Although gale winds also had a negative effect on breeding success, the anthropogenic influences were a greater factor in reproductive failure. We found similar effects in our review of literature on breeding success of the little egret from various geographical areas. Our results may be of use by conservation organizations in their actions to protect colonies of the little egret.

13.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(5): 2443-2452, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087886

RESUMO

To investigate the levels of heavy metal Cd in paddy soils in high cadmium anomaly areas in Guangxi, and to assess their potential ecological risks to the environment. Through preliminary screening and detailed investigation, 912 pieces of soil samples from high-cadmium abnormal area were collected in multiple batches to determine the soil Cd content. The single-factor pollution index method and potential risk index method were used to control the Cd pollution degree of paddy soil. Potential risks were evaluated. The results showed that:① The average Cd values of natural soil, paddy soil, and dryland soil in the initial screening were 0.915, 0.591, and 0.593 mg·kg-1, respectively. ② In the detailed investigation, the soil pH is 4.6-8.7, which is between acidic and weakly alkaline. If the Soil Environmental Quality Standard (GB 15618-2018) is used as the evaluation standard, the Cd of the soil sample in Pingguo County, Tiandong County, Long'an County, and Liucheng County is seriously exceeded, and the soil sample in the paddy field of Rongshui Country is not polluted. Based on the soil baseline value, the Cd in the soil samples of Tiandong County, Liucheng County, and Rongshui County were non-polluting. In the paddy soils of Tianyang County, Pingguo County, Tianxian County, Daxin County, Long'an County, and Rong'an County, the proportion of Cd in mild to moderate pollution was 4.2%, 3.7%, 14.9%, 2.6%, 7.1%, and 1.4%, respectively. ③ Cd in paddy soils of nine counties and cities presents different levels of potential ecological risks. The soil Cd of some paddy fields in Tiandeng County, Daxin County, and Long'an County was at a high ecological risk ratio of 4.3%, 2.6%, and 2.4%. The soil Cd of Tianyang County, Pingguo County, Rong'an County, and Liucheng County was medium-Middle and high potential risks. Tiandong County and Rongshui County are at low potential ecological risks. In conclusion, the overall Cd in the paddy soil of the study area is high, which may affect the safe planting of rice in the long-term. It will eventually pose a health threat to local residents and should be taken care of. It is recommended to carry out research on soil cadmium bioavailability and rice cadmium accumulation in the study area in order to assess its ecological risk and health risk more scientifically and reasonably.


Assuntos
Cádmio/análise , Oryza , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Solo/química , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Medição de Risco
14.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 946, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31134008

RESUMO

Listeria monocytogenes is a globally notorious foodborne pathogen. This study aimed to qualitatively and quantitatively detect L. monocytogenes from meat and meat products in China and to establish their virulence profiles and population diversity. From 1212 meat and meat product samples, 362 (29.9%) were positive for L. monocytogenes. Of these positive samples, 90.6% (328/362) had less than 10 MPN/g, 5.5% (20/364) samples had 10-110 MPN/g, and 3.9% (14/362) of the positive samples had over 110 MPN/g. Serogroup analysis showed that the most prevalent serogroup of L. monocytogenes was I.1 (1/2a-3a), which accounted for 45.0% (123/458) of the total, followed by serogroup I.2 (1/2c-3c) that comprised 26.9%, serogroup II.1 (4b-4d-4e) that comprised 4.8%, and serogroup II.2 (1/2b-3b-7) that comprised 23.3%. A total of 458 isolates were grouped into 35 sequence types (STs) that belonged to 25 clonal complexes (CCs) and one singleton (ST619) by multi-locus sequence typing. The most prevalent ST was ST9 (26.9%), followed by ST8 (17.9%), ST87 (15.3%), ST155 (9.4%), and ST121 (7.6%). Thirty-seven isolates harbored the llsX gene (representing LIPI-3), and they belonged to ST1/CC1, ST3/CC3, ST288/CC288, ST323/CC288, ST330/CC288, ST515/CC1, and ST619, among which ST323/CC288, ST330/CC288, and ST515/CC1 were newly reported to carry LIPI-3. Seventy-five isolates carried ptsA, and they belonged to ST87/CC87, ST88/CC88, and ST619, indicating that consumers may be exposed to potential hypervirulent L. monocytogenes. Antibiotics susceptibility tests revealed that over 90% of the isolates were susceptible to 11 antibiotics; however, 40.0% of the isolates exhibited resistance against ampicillin and 11.8% against tetracycline; further, 45.0 and 4.6% were intermediate resistant and resistant to ciprofloxacin, respectively. The rise of antibiotic resistance in L. monocytogenes suggests that stricter regulations should be formulated to restrict the use of antibiotic agents in human listeriosis treatment and livestock breeding.

15.
Infect Genet Evol ; 73: 362-367, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146046

RESUMO

Human sapovirus is regarded as an important viral agent for acute diarrhea worldwide. GII.8, a recently reported genotype, has been detected in a few countries and regions. In this study, we obtained the first genome sequence of a sapovirus GII.8 strain isolated in mainland China, and comprehensively analyzed the genetic diversity and evolutionary process of this genotype. The viral genome of the new GII.8 Guangzhou strain GZ2014-L231 comprised 7433 nucleotides, including two ORFs. Pairwise alignments of the new genome with representative sequences of different genotypes showed inconsistent homology between different protein-encoding regions, of which NS1 and VP2 were found as the variable proteins, and NS3, NS5, and NS6/7 were found as the conserved ones. Compared with other reported GII.8 genomes, the Guangzhou strain introduced 34 new nucleotide changes and one new amino acid change. Phylogenetic analysis based on full-length VP1 sequences demonstrated that 11 GII.8 strains could be divided into 4 clusters A-D, with 88 SNP and 10 SAP spots occurred during their evolutionary process. The Guangzhou strain has higher homology with seven GII.8 strain detected after 2014, especially the US and Peruvian strains of 2015/2016, which have the identical VP1 amino acid sequences. Using a Bayesian coalescent method based on VP1 sequences, GII.8 was predicted to emerge in 2001 with the evolution rate of 1.45 × 10-3 nucleotide substitutions/site/year (strict clock). In summary, the data in this study not only provided reference data from mainland China for sapovirus researches in future, but also firstly described the evolutionary process of the GII.8 genotype.

16.
Endocrine ; 65(2): 318-326, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are an emerging class of regulators in cancer. A lncRNA, MCM3AP-AS1, has been demonstrated as a versatile mediator in many cancers, except papillary thyroid cancer. The aim of this study is to investigate the role and mechanism of MCM3AP-AS1 in papillary thyroid cancer. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR was used to assess the level of MCM3AP-AS1 and miR-211-5p in papillary thyroid cancer tissues and cells. Western blot was used to detect E-cadherin and secreted protein acidic and cysteine rich (SPARC) protein levels. CCK-8, scratch wound assay, and transwell assay were used to evaluate papillary thyroid cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, respectively. BLAST alignment and luciferase assay were used to explore the interaction among MCM3AP-AS1, mi/r-211, and SPARC. RESULTS: In papillary thyroid cancer, MCM3AP-AS1 was upregulated, while miR-211 was downregulated. MCM3AP-AS1 overexpression promoted papillary thyroid cancer proliferation, migration, and invasion. Further, MCM3AP-AS1 was shown to be negatively correlated with miR-211-5p. We next validated that miR-211-5p overexpression could reverse the promoting role of MCM3AP-AS1 in papillary thyroid cancer, whereby SPARC plays an important regulating role. In vivo, we confirmed the anti-tumor role of MCM3AP-AS1 silencing and the close relation among MCM3AP-AS1, miR-211-5p, and SPARC. CONCLUSIONS: MCM3AP-AS1 promotes papillary thyroid cancer by regulating the MCM3AP-AS1/miR-211-5p/SPARC axis, which could potentially be a therapeutic target in papillary thyroid cancer.

17.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 304, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30842766

RESUMO

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an emerging pathogen that is difficult to treat due to the multiresistance of the bacteria upon infection. From 2011 to 2016, 1581 S. aureus strains were isolated from 4300 samples from retail foods covering most provincial capitals in China. To determine the prevalence of food-related MRSA and its genetic background in China, antibiotic resistance, staphylococcal toxin genes, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing, spa-typing and MLST were carried out in this study. In total, 108 (7.4%) isolates were confirmed for MRSA by phenotyping (cefoxitin) and genotyping (mecA/mecC gene). A total of 52.8% (57/108) of the MRSA isolates belonged to clonal complex 59 (CC59) (ST59, ST338, and ST3355), which was the predominant clone in this study. These CC59 isolates carried SCCmec elements of type IV, V, or III and exhibited spa type t437, t441, t543, t163, t1785, or t3485, and half of them carried major virulence genes, such as the Panton-Valentine leucocidin (PVL) gene. The secondary clones belonged to ST9 (15.7%, 17/108) with a type of t899-SCCmec III and showed a broader range of antimicrobial resistance. The remaining MRSA isolates (31.5%, 34/108) were distributed in 12 different STs and 18 different spa types. All isolates harbored at least one of the enterotoxin genes, whereas only 4 isolates (3.70%) were positive for the toxic shock syndrome toxin tsst alleles. For antibiotic susceptibility testing, all isolates were resistant to more than three antibiotics, and 79.6% of the isolates were resistant to more than 10 antibiotics. Amoxycillin/clavulanic acid, ampicillin, cefoxitin, penicillin, ceftazidime, kanamycin, streptomycin, clindamycin, and telithromycin was the most common antibiotic resistance profile (55.6%, 60/108) in the study. In summary, the results of this study implied that the major food-related MRSA isolate in China was closer to community-associated MRSA, and some of the remaining isolates (ST9-t899-SCCmec III) were supposed to livestock-associated MRSA. In addition, most MRSA isolates showed resistance to multiple drugs and harbored staphylococcal toxin genes. Thus, the pathogenic potential of these isolates cannot be ignored. In addition, further studies are needed to elucidate the transmission routes of MRSA in relation to retail foods and to determine how to prevent the spread of MRSA.

18.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(3): 195, 2019 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30814512

RESUMO

The incidence of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) has been rapidly increasing in recent years. PTC is prone to lymph node metastasization, which further increases the recurrence rate and mortality of thyroid cancer. However, the underlying mechanisms of this process remain elusive. Several reports have shown that the microRNA miR-215 plays an important role in cancer metastasis. Here, we investigated, for the first time, the potential association between miR-215 and metastasis in PTC. The results of qPCR analysis demonstrated that miR-215 was downregulated in PTC cell lines and tissues, and lower levels of miR-215 correlated with lymph node metastasis of PTC. In vitro and in vivo assays revealed that restoration of miR-215 dramatically inhibited PTC cell proliferation and metastasis. We identified ADP ribosylation factor guanine nucleotide-exchange factor 1 (ARFGEF1) as the target, which mediated the function of miR-215. The expression of ARFGEF1 was inhibited by miR-215, and the effects of miR-215 were abrogated by re-expression of ARFGEF1. Moreover, we found that miR-215 suppressed PTC metastasis by modulating the epithelial-mesenchymal transition via the AKT/GSK-3ß/Snail signaling. In summary, our study proves that miR-215 inhibits PTC proliferation and metastasis by targeting ARFGEF1 and indicates miR-215 as a biomarker for PTC prognosis.

19.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 178, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30787922

RESUMO

Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a common foodborne pathogen found in seafood, and represents a major threat to human health worldwide. Low-temperature storage is an important seafood processing method, but is not sufficient to completely eliminate the bacteria and avoid foodborne illness. To determine the mechanisms behind such cold tolerance, RNA-seq and iTRAQ analyses were first performed to obtain the global transcriptomic and proteomic patterns of frozen squid and clinical V. parahaemolyticus isolates under cold conditions. The integrated analysis revealed the modulation of multiple pathways such as the co-occurrence of down-regulated pyruvate metabolism and up-regulated fatty acid biosynthesis, which likely contribute to V. parahaemolyticus cold tolerance. Furthermore, we found that increasing concentrations of pyruvate can reduce the fatty acid content to influence V. parahaemolyticus growth in cold conditions. Thus, regulation of pyruvate concentration may be an effective method to control this seafood-borne pathogen.

20.
Infect Genet Evol ; 70: 15-23, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30776488

RESUMO

Noroviruses are the primary cause of non-bacterial acute gastroenteritis worldwide, and GII.8 belongs to a non-epidemic genotype with a limited understanding currently. In this study, we assembled the first GII.8 norovirus genome from China and clarified the temporal evolutionary process of this non-epidemic variant. Using the "4+1+1" application strategy with newly designed primer sets, the genome of one GII.8 strain GZ2017-L601 from China was firstly sequenced that comprised 7476 nucleotides. The homology of the new genome and the previous only GII.8 genome reached 93.8% identity at the nucleotide level, but only 10, 6, 7 amino acid mutations occurred in three ORFs. When compared the new strain with other GII reference strains, p22 and P2 were calculated as the variable encoding regions, and NTPase, VPg, 3CL, RdRp and S were shown as the conserved ones. We then reconstructed the evolutionary process of the GII.8 genotype using other available sequences in GenBank. Based on the partial N/C region, all GII.8 strains could be subdivided chronologically into four clusters, which spans 1967-1994, 1997-2005, 2003-2009, and 2007-2017, respectively. Moreover, differences of capsid P proteins between GII.8 strains and the epidemic GII.4 strain VA387 were also compared. There existed 147/310 distinct amino acid sites in the alignment, including two insertion and three deletion mutations. Distribution of antigen epitopes of two GII.8 variants was comparable, but the numbers of antigenic sites of GII.8 strains were less than that of VA387. In summary, the first GII.8 genome from China was assembled and extensively characterized, and a time-order evolutionary process of this genotype was identified with a static pattern of antigenic variations.

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