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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794181

RESUMO

Precise spatiotemporal control of surface bubble movement can benefit a wide range of applications like high-throughput drug screening, combinatorial material development, microfluidic logic, colloidal and molecular assembly, and so forth. In this work, we demonstrate that surface bubbles on a solid surface are directed by a laser to move at high speeds (>1.8 mm/s), and we elucidate the mechanism to be the depinning of the three-phase contact line (TPCL) by rapid plasmonic heating of nanoparticles (NPs) deposited in situ during bubble movement. On the basis of our observations, we deduce a stick-slip mechanism based on asymmetric fore-aft plasmonic heating: local evaporation at the front TPCL due to plasmonic heating depins and extends the front TPCL, followed by the advancement of the trailing TPCL to resume a spherical bubble shape to minimize surface energy. The continuous TPCL drying during bubble movement also enables well-defined contact line deposition of NP clusters along the moving path. Our finding is beneficial to various microfluidics and pattern writing applications.

2.
ACS Nano ; 13(2): 1097-1106, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30633498

RESUMO

Polymers with superior mechanical properties are desirable in many applications. In this work, polyethylene (PE) films reinforced with exfoliated thermally reduced graphene oxide (TrGO) fabricated using a roll-to-roll hot-drawing process are shown to have outstanding mechanical properties. The specific ultimate tensile strength and Young's modulus of PE/TrGO films increased monotonically with the drawing ratio and TrGO filler fraction, reaching up to 3.2 ± 0.5 and 109.3 ± 12.7 GPa, respectively, with a drawing ratio of 60× and a very low TrGO weight fraction of 1%. These values represent by far the highest reported to date for a polymer/graphene composite. Experimental characterizations indicate that as the polymer films are drawn, TrGO fillers are exfoliated, which is further confirmed by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Exfoliation increases the specific area of the TrGO fillers in contact with the PE matrix molecules. Molecular dynamics simulations show that the PE-TrGO interaction is stronger than the PE-PE intermolecular van der Waals interaction, which enhances load transfer from PE to TrGO and leverages the ultrahigh mechanical properties of TrGO.

3.
Nano Lett ; 17(6): 3902-3906, 2017 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28510441

RESUMO

We report for the first time the synthesis of large, free-standing, Mo2O2(µ-S)2(Et2dtc)2 (MoDTC) nanosheets (NSs), which exhibit an electron-beam induced crystalline-to-amorphous phase transition. Both electron beam ionization and femtosecond (fs) optical excitation induce the phase transition, which is size-, morphology-, and composition-preserving. Resulting NSs are the largest, free-standing regularly shaped two-dimensional amorphous nanostructures made to date. More importantly, amorphization is accompanied by dramatic changes to the NS electrical and optical response wherein resulting amorphous species exhibit room-temperature conductivities 5 orders of magnitude larger than those of their crystalline counterparts. This enhancement likely stems from the amorphization-induced formation of sulfur vacancy-related defects and is supported by temperature-dependent transport measurements, which reveal efficient variable range hopping. MoDTC NSs represent one instance of a broader class of transition metal carbamates likely having applications because of their intriguing electrical properties as well as demonstrated ability to toggle metal oxidation states.

4.
ACS Nano ; 11(6): 5510-5518, 2017 06 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28511003

RESUMO

The ability to efficiently utilize solar thermal energy to enable liquid-to-vapor phase transition has great technological implications for a wide variety of applications, such as water treatment and chemical fractionation. Here, we demonstrate that functionalizing graphene using hydrophilic groups can greatly enhance the solar thermal steam generation efficiency. Our results show that specially functionalized graphene can improve the overall solar-to-vapor efficiency from 38% to 48% at one sun conditions compared to chemically reduced graphene oxide. Our experiments show that such an improvement is a surface effect mainly attributed to the more hydrophilic feature of functionalized graphene, which influences the water meniscus profile at the vapor-liquid interface due to capillary effect. This will lead to thinner water films close to the three-phase contact line, where the water surface temperature is higher since the resistance of thinner water film is smaller, leading to more efficient evaporation. This strategy of functionalizing graphene to make it more hydrophilic can be potentially integrated with the existing macroscopic heat isolation strategies to further improve the overall solar-to-vapor conversion efficiency.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 8(48): 33326-33334, 2016 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27934170

RESUMO

The nature of the bond is a dominant factor in determining the thermal transport across interfaces. In this paper, we study the role of the hydrogen bond in thermal transport across interfaces between hard and soft materials with different surface functionalizations around room temperature using molecular dynamics simulations. Gold (Au) is studied as the hard material, and four different types of organic liquids with different polarizations, including hexane (C5H11CH3), hexanamine (C6H13NH2), hexanol (C6H13OH), and hexanoic acid (C5H11COOH), are used to represent the soft materials. To study the hydrogen bonds at the Au/organic liquid interface, three types of thiol-terminated self-assembled monolayer (SAM) molecules, including 1-hexanethiol [HS(CH2)5CH3], 6-mercapto-1-hexanol [HS(CH2)6OH], and 6-mercaptohexanoic acid [HS(CH2)5COOH], are used to functionalize the Au surface. These SAM molecules form hydrogen bonds with the studied organic liquids with varying strengths, which are found to significantly improve efficient interfacial thermal transport. Detailed analyses on the molecular-level details reveal that such efficient thermal transport originates from the collaborative effects of the electrostatic and van der Waals portions in the hydrogen bonds. It is found that stronger hydrogen bonds will pull the organic molecules closer to the interface. This shorter intermolecular distance leads to increased interatomic forces across the interfaces, which result in larger interfacial heat flux and thus higher thermal conductance. These results can provide important insight into the design of hard/soft materials or structures for a wide range of applications.

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