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1.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1160-1166, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814525

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the differences in body mass index (BMI) distribution in adult twins registered in Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR), and provide evidence for the risk factor analysis and prevention and control of overweight or obesity. Methods: A total of 32 725 twin pairs aged 18 years and above who completed the questionnaire survey during 2010-2018 and had complete registered information in CNTR and normal body weight and length were included in the analysis on the population and region specific distributions of BMI of twin pairs and the difference in BMI in twin pairs. Results: The twin pairs included in the analysis were aged (34.6±12.4) years, the twin pairs of same gender accounted for 79.7%. The average BMI was 22.5 kg/m2. The overall prevalence of obesity and overweight was 4.9% and 23.7%, respectively. Participants who were men, 50-59 years old, married, had lower education level, and lived in northern China had higher overweight rate and obesity rate (P<0.001). The difference in overweight or obesity prevalence between monozygotic (MZ) twin pars and dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs was not significant, but firstborn twin pairs had slightly higher rates of overweight and obesity than later-born twin pairs (P<0.05). The analysis in same gender-twin pairs indicated that the difference in BMI was associated with age (trend test: P<0.001), and the difference was more obvious in DZ twin pair in MZ pair and this difference increased with age. The concordant rate of BMI was higher in MZ twin pairs than DZ twin pairs (P<0.05). Conclusion: The distribution of BMI of twin pairs varied with population and region and BMI varied with age due to its genetic nature.


Assuntos
Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Gêmeos Monozigóticos , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia
2.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1167-1173, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814526

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the modification effect of physical activity on the genetic effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: The univariate moderation model was fitted to calculate the modifying effect of physical activity on the genetic effects of T2DM based on the data of 12 107 pairs of same gender twins aged 30 years and older enrolled by the Chinese National Twin Registry in 11 provinces/cities in China. Results: After adjusting for age and gender, the heritability of T2DM was 0.56 (0.31-0.84). Qualified physical activity could attenuate the genetic effects of T2DM. The heritability of T2DM in twin pairs with qualified physical activity was 0.46 (0.06-0.88), which was lower than that in twin pairs without qualified physical activity during the same model [0.68(0.36-0.94)]. Conclusion: T2DM is a moderate genetic disease, physical activity can modify the genetic effects of T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Sistema de Registros , Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
3.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(9): 1573-1579, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814586

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the gene-body mass index (BMI) interaction on coronary heart disease (CHD) in the Chinese adult twins. Methods: A total of 20 340 same-sex twin pairs registered in the Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR) were enrolled in this study. Classical twin structure equation model was used to estimate the gene-BMI interaction on CHD. Results: After adjusting for age, we found that genetic variance of CHD differed as the function of BMI in male twins, which indicated the presence of a gene-BMI interaction on CHD (P=0.008).The genetic moderating effect (ßa) was -0.14 (95%CI: -0.22--0.04), indicating that for each logarithmic transformation value of BMI increase, genetic path parameters would decrease by 0.14, which would result in the decrease of genetic variance of CHD. And the heritability of CHD was 0.77 (95%CI: 0.65-0.86) among the male twins with lower BMI (<24.0 kg/m2), but 0.56 (95%CI: 0.33-0.74) among the male twins with high BMI (≥24.0 kg/m2). However, there was no evidence suggesting that BMI could moderate genetic variants of CHD in female. Conclusion: We found a significant gene-BMI interaction on CHD in the Chinese male adult twins in China, and the heritability of CHD was higher among the twins whose BMI was <24.0 kg/m2.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/genética , Doenças em Gêmeos/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
4.
Anim Genet ; 52(5): 598-607, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34350996

RESUMO

Fat deposition is an important economic trait in farm animals. However, it is difficult to genetically improve intramuscular fat deposition via trait-based cattle breeding. The main objectives of this study were to analyze the factors about beef flavor, and to detect functional microRNA (miRNA, miR) associated with intramuscular fat deposition in Yanbian cattle. Longissimus dorsi samples from six steers were separated into high- and low-fat groups (n = 3 each) based on the marbling score, and transcriptomic analysis was performed using miRNA sequencing. A total of 33 miRNAs and 38 genes were found to be differentially expressed in the high- and low-fat groups. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to validate the sequencing results. Integrated miRNA-mRNA analysis revealed that miRNA-associated target genes were primarily associated with skeletal muscle development. However, some of the miRNAs (miR-424 etc.) and genes (ATF3 etc.) were also associated with fat metabolism. A targeted relationship between miR-22-3p and the WFIKKN2 gene and its involvement in adipocyte differentiation were confirmed experimentally. The study findings may provide potential candidate molecular targets for the selection of cattle with improved meat quality.


Assuntos
Bovinos/genética , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Adipócitos , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Masculino , Transcriptoma
5.
J Appl Microbiol ; 130(1): 196-207, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654413

RESUMO

AIM: Research on prevention and cure of banana wilt is important to ensure the healthy development of the banana industry. In this study, antifungal mechanism of Streptomyces ma. FS-4 on fusarium wilt of banana was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: The physiological strain of banana fusarium pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Race 4 (FOC.4) was used as the target fungus, and the antifungal mechanism of the crude extract of Streptomyces ma. FS-4 was investigated. Eighteen different compounds identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were composed of aldehydes, methyl, hydrocarbons, amides, esters and acids. FS-4 significantly inhibited the spore germination of the target fungi, with an EC50 of 22·78 µg ml-1 . After treatment with 100 µg ml-1 FS-4 crude extract, the N-acetylglucosamine content in the mycelium increased 1·95-fold. However, the extract had no significant effect on ß-1,3-glucanase. At the FS-4 crude extract dose of 100 µg ml-1 , the total sugar and protein contents decreased by 28·6 and 29·1% respectively, and the fat content was 41·3%. FS-4 significantly inhibited the activity of the mitochondrial complex III of Foc4, which was reduced by 52·45%. Moreover FS-4 reduced the activity of succinate dehydrogenase, a key enzyme in the Krebs cycle, by 60·2%. However, FS-4 had no significant effect on malate dehydrogenase. The membrane potential on the mitochondrial inner membrane was significantly reduced at the test concentration of 100 µg ml-1 . ROS gradually accumulated in the Foc4 hypha, and the burst was 3·97 times higher than the control. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that the antifungal mechanism of Streptomyces ma. FS-4 against Foc4 includes the destruction of the plasma membrane and mitochondrial dysfunction and finally induction of cell apoptosis. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: These results may indicate the prevention and control of banana wilt, which is of great significance to the healthy development of banana industry system.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Fusarium/efeitos dos fármacos , Musa/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , Streptomyces/química , Acetilglucosamina/metabolismo , Antifúngicos/química , Fusarium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fusarium/metabolismo , Hifas/efeitos dos fármacos , Hifas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hifas/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Esporos Fúngicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Esporos Fúngicos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(6): 819-823, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564542

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the genetic and environmental effects on alcohol intake. Methods: Data on 9 231 pairs of adult twins of the same sex was collected from the Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR), between 2015 and 2018 and used in this study. Structural equation model was used to estimate the effects of genetic and environmental factors on alcohol intake. Results: A total of 9 231 pairs of twins were included in the analysis, of which 6 085 pairs were monozygotic (MZ). The average age of MZ was (36.91±13.07) years old, and males accounted for 56.80%. The average age of dizygotic twins (DZ) was (35.22±12.48) years old, and males accounted for 55.91%. There were 350 pairs of alcohol-drinking twins were with high-risk, accounting for 1.90% and another 367 pairs (1.99%) were with medium-risk. Alcohol-drinkers with medium-risk were affected by additive genetics, common and unique environmental factors, seen among the twins. The overall heritability appeared as 24.3% (95%CI: 0 to 56.8%). Furthermore, 50.7% of the variation (95%CI: 20.4%-79.0%) could be explained by the common environmental factors and 24.9% (95%CI: 18.3%-36.5%) by unique environmental factors. High-risk related drinking behavior was affected by both common and unique environmental factors. The common environmental component appeared as 75.6% (95%CI: 69.6%-80.8%) and unique environmental component as 24.4% (95%CI: 19.2%-30.4%), respectively. Gender difference was seen in the heritability of those with medium or high-risk drinking behaviors. The heritability of men was 30.8% (95%CI: 9.8%-53.5%), while in women it was mainly affected by the environment. Conclusion: Both alcohol drinkers with medium and high-risk drinking behaviors were mainly affected by the environment factors and gender. With the increase of drinking volume, the effect of environment on drinking behaviors became more obvious.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/genética , Gêmeos Dizigóticos/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Teóricos , Gêmeos Dizigóticos/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(3): 425-431, 2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32541973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the cytidine-phosphate-guanosine (CPG) sites associated with fas-ting plasma glucose (FPG) and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in twins. METHODS: In the study, 169 pairs of monozygotic twins were recruited in Qingdao, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Sichuan and Heilongjiang in June to December of 2013 and June 2017 to October 2018. The methylation was detected by Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip and Illumina Infinium MethylationEPIC BeadChip. According to the Linear Mixed Effect model (LME model), fasting plasma glucose and HbA1c were taken as the main effects, the methylation level (ß value) was taken as the dependent variable, continuous variables, such as age, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, components of blood cells, surrogate variables generated by SVA, and categorical variables, such as gender, smoking and drinking status, hypoglycemic drugs taking, were included in the fixed effect model as covariates, and the identity numbers (ID) of the twins was included in the random effect model. The intercept was set as a random. Regression analysis was carried out to find out the CpG sites related to fasting blood glucose or HbA1c, respectively. RESULTS: In this study, 338 monozygotic twins (169 pairs) were included, with 412 459 CpG loci. Among them, 114 pairs were male, and 55 pairs were female, with an average age of (48.2±11.9) years. After adjustment of age, gender, BMI, blood pressure, smoking, drinking, blood cell composition, and other covariates, and multiple comparison test, 7 CpG sites (cg19693031, cg01538969, cg08501915, cg04816311, ch.8.1820050F, cg06721411, cg26608667) were found related to fasting blood glucose, 3 of which (cg08501915, ch.8.1820050f, cg26608667) were the newly found sites in this study; whereas 10 CpG sites (cg19693031, cg04816311, cg01538969, cg01339781, cg01676795, cg24667115, cg09029192, cg20697417, ch.4.1528651F, cg16097041) were found related to HbA1c, and 4 of which(cg01339781, cg24667115, cg20697417, and ch.4.1528651f) were new. We found that cg19693031 in TXNIP gene was the lowest P-value site in the association analysis between DNA methylation and fas-ting plasma glucose and HbA1c (PFPG=2.42×10-19, FDRFPG<0.001; PHbA1c=1.72×10-19, FDRHbA1c<0.001). CONCLUSION: In this twin study, we found new CpG sites related to fasting blood glucose and HbA1c, and provided some clues that partly revealed the potential mechanism of blood glucose metabolism in terms of DNA methylation, but it needed further verification in external larger samples.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Adulto , Glicemia , Ilhas de CpG , Epigênese Genética , Jejum , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(5): 700-704, 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447910

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the heritability of coronary heart disease (CHD) among the Chinese twin adults. Methods: A total of 20 477 same-sex twin pairs aged 25 years and older from the Chinese National Twin Registry were interviewed. Structure equation model was used to estimate the heritability of CHD. Results: After adjusting for age and gender, the overall heritability of CHD was 0.75(0.68-0.81). Stratified analyses showed that genetic factors play a more important role in CHD incidence in ≥40 years or female twins. While the development of CHD was mainly influenced by environmental factors in 25-39 years or male twins. Conclusion: CHD is influenced by both genetic and environmental factors and the heritability is high.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Doenças em Gêmeos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros
9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(5): 747-752, 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447919

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of influenza vaccine in children aged 6-72 months. Methods: The cohort study was conducted based on community child vaccination clinics in Yiwu and Yongkang counties of Zhejiang province. From October 2017 to December 2017, a total of 1 752 children aged 6-72 months were enrolled from 10 child vaccination clinics. The questionnaire survey was conducted after the written consents were obtained from the parents or legal guardians of the children. Then, a follow up was conducted for enrolle children until 30 April 2018, the influenza vaccination status and the number of influenza-like illness (ILI) cases, hospital visit due to ILI, self-medication due to ILI were observed and recorded every month. Vaccine effectiveness (VE) was estimated by using the generalized linear model (GLM) where dependent variables were the number of ILI cases, hospital visit and self-medication respectively. Results: Of the 1 752 children, 925 (52.80%) were boys and the median age was 30.00 months. The cumulative observation was 308 166 person days at the end of 2017-2018 season, with 5.27 ILI cases per 1 000 person days, 3.41 hospital visit due to ILI per 1 000 person days, 1.45 self-medication due to ILI per 1 000 person days. Of the 1 752 children, 643 received the influenza vaccination in 2017-2018 season. Compared with unvaccinated children, the VE was 23.5% against ILI case number (95%CI: 15.1%-31.1%), 19.3% against hospital visit due to ILI (95%CI: 8.2%-29.1%) and 25.8% against self-medication due to ILI (95%CI: 9.3%- 39.3%). Modeling splitting 643 children with 2017-2018 vaccination into those before and after vaccination, the influenza VE was 31.9% against ILI case number (95%CI: 12.7%-46.9%), 32.6% against hospital visit due to ILI (95%CI: 8.6%-50.3%) and 44.3% against self-medication due to ILI (95%CI: 11.9%-64.8%) in children aged 36-72 months. However, the children aged 6-35 months showed no significant VEs. For the VE analysis in children with different vaccination status, the VEs were significant if they received vaccination in both 2016-2017 season and 2017-2018 season or only in 2017-2018 seasons. The VE was not demonstrated among the children who were immunized only in 2016-2017 season. Conclusion: Influenza vaccination is moderate effective in preventing the incidence of ILI and hospital visit and self-medication in children in influenza season, the protection effect in children aged 36-72 months is better than that in children aged 6-35 months.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Influenza/uso terapêutico , Influenza Humana , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Lactente , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Estações do Ano , Vacinação
10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(3): 310-314, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294826

RESUMO

Objective: To quantitate the association between birth weight and phenotypes of physical indicators in adulthood, i.e. BMI and waist circumference (WC) and to what degree genetic or environmental factors affect birth weight-obesity association. Methods: A total of 6 623 gender matched twin pairs aged 25 to 79 years were recruited through the Chinese National Twin Registry. The twins reported their own birth weight, current height and weight, and WC using a self-administered questionnaire. BMI was calculated according to the self-reports of body height and weight. Within twin-pair design was used to quantitate the association between birth weight and phenotypes related to obesity while bivariate structural equation models were used to decompose the phenotype correlation. Results: After adjusted for multiple factors, twin-pair analyses within monozygotic (MZ) showed that, on average, a 1.0 kg increase in birth weight corresponded to an increase of 0.33 kg/m(2) in BMI and 0.95 cm in WC in adulthood (P<0.001). Bivariate structural equation models showed significant positive unique environmental correlation between birth weight and the two obesity-related phenotypes. Conclusion: The study supported the role of twin-specific supply line factors on relationship between birth weight and physical indicators in adulthood.


Assuntos
Peso ao Nascer , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Peso ao Nascer/genética , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/genética , Sistema de Registros , Gêmeos
11.
Twin Res Hum Genet ; 22(6): 800-808, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364586

RESUMO

The COllaborative project of Development of Anthropometrical measures in Twins (CODATwins) project is a large international collaborative effort to analyze individual-level phenotype data from twins in multiple cohorts from different environments. The main objective is to study factors that modify genetic and environmental variation of height, body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) and size at birth, and additionally to address other research questions such as long-term consequences of birth size. The project started in 2013 and is open to all twin projects in the world having height and weight measures on twins with information on zygosity. Thus far, 54 twin projects from 24 countries have provided individual-level data. The CODATwins database includes 489,981 twin individuals (228,635 complete twin pairs). Since many twin cohorts have collected longitudinal data, there is a total of 1,049,785 height and weight observations. For many cohorts, we also have information on birth weight and length, own smoking behavior and own or parental education. We found that the heritability estimates of height and BMI systematically changed from infancy to old age. Remarkably, only minor differences in the heritability estimates were found across cultural-geographic regions, measurement time and birth cohort for height and BMI. In addition to genetic epidemiological studies, we looked at associations of height and BMI with education, birth weight and smoking status. Within-family analyses examined differences within same-sex and opposite-sex dizygotic twins in birth size and later development. The CODATwins project demonstrates the feasibility and value of international collaboration to address gene-by-exposure interactions that require large sample sizes and address the effects of different exposures across time, geographical regions and socioeconomic status.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/genética , Estatura/genética , Índice de Massa Corporal , Bases de Dados Factuais , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Gêmeos Dizigóticos/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos
12.
J Intern Med ; 286(3): 299-308, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270876

RESUMO

The Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR) currently includes data from 61 566 twin pair from 11 provinces or cities in China. Of these, 31 705, 15 060 and 13 531 pairs are monozygotic, same-sex dizygotic and opposite-sex dizygotic pairs, respectively, determined by opposite sex or intrapair similarity. Since its establishment in 2001, the CNTR has provided an important resource for analysing genetic and environmental influences on chronic diseases especially cardiovascular diseases. Recently, the CNTR has focused on collecting biologic specimens from disease-concordant or disease-discordant twin pairs or from twin pairs reared apart. More than 8000 pairs of these twins have been registered, and blood samples have been collected from more than 1500 pairs. In this review, we summarize the main findings from univariate and multivariate genetic effects analyses, gene-environment interaction studies, omics studies exploring DNA methylation and metabolomic markers associated with phenotypes. There remains further scope for CNTR research and data mining. The plan for future development of the CNTR is described. The CNTR welcomes worldwide collaboration.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos em Gêmeos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Pesquisa Biomédica/história , Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Doenças em Gêmeos/epidemiologia , Feminino , Genótipo , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos em Gêmeos como Assunto/história , Gêmeos/genética , Gêmeos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(13): 5705-5713, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) GClnc1 was involved in the development of colorectal cancer, and to explore its possible mechanisms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was conducted to detect GClnc1 expression in 48 colorectal cancer tissues and normal colon tissues. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the relationship between GClnc1 expression and survival rate of patients with colorectal cancer. In addition, GClnc1 expression in colorectal cancer cell lines and normal colonic epithelial cell lines were analyzed. After knockdown and over-expression of GClnc1 in colorectal cancer cells, Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and colony formation assay were performed to detect the viability and proliferation of cells, respectively. RNA pull-down and RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) were applied to examine the specific interaction between GClnc1 and p53. After over-expression of GClnc1 in colorectal cancer cells, qPCR and Western blot were performed to evaluate the expression levels of p53, p21 and BAX. Meanwhile, the Luciferase reporter gene assay was established to reveal the activity of p53 after over-expression of GClnc1. ChIP assay was applied to figure out whether GClnc1 could affect the binding ability of p53 to the promoter region of p21. After p53 or GClnc1 knock-down in colorectal cancer cells, the protein level of p53 was analyzed using Western blot. Finally, qRT-PCR, CCK-8 and colony formation assay were used to detect the levels of p21 and BAX, the viability, as well as the proliferation ability of cells, respectively. RESULTS: The expression of GClnc1 in colorectal cancer tissues was significantly higher than that of para-cancerous tissues. Meanwhile, GClnc1 expression in T3 and T4 tumors was markedly higher than that of T1 and T2. The survival analysis revealed that patients with a higher level of GClnc1 showed remarkably lower overall survival than those with lower expression of GClnc1. QRT-PCR results indicated that GClnc1 expression in colorectal cancer cells (including SW620 and HCT116) was conspicuously higher than that of normal colonic epithelial cells (NCM640). After knocking down GClnc1 in SW620 cells, the viability and proliferation abilities were conspicuously decreased. Meanwhile, the expression level of GClnc1, as well as the viability and colony formation ability of cells, were significantly increased after over-expression of GClnc1 in HCT116 cells. Subsequently, the qRT-PCR assay demonstrated that GClnc1 was mainly localized in the nucleus. RNA pull-down and RIP experiments revealed that there was a specific interaction between GClnc1 and p53. Moreover, qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis indicated that the expression level of p53 was not affected after over-expression of GClnc. However, the expressions of p21 and BAX were remarkably decreased. The Luciferase reporter gene assay revealed that GClnc1 over-expression markedly weakened the Luciferase activity of p53. Meanwhile, ChIP experiments demonstrated that GClnc1 up-regulation affected the binding condition of p53 to p21. Western blot analysis showed that knockdown of p53 reversed the increased mRNA level of p21 as well as BAX. Furthermore, p53 down-regulation significantly weakened cell viability and colony formation ability caused by knockdown of GClnc1. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA GClnc1 was highly expressed in colorectal cancer tissues. Meanwhile, it could increase the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells by reducing the expression of p21 as well as BAX via p53 signaling pathway, thereby promoting the progression of colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/antagonistas & inibidores , Sítios de Ligação , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Células HCT116 , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(5): 515-520, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177730

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the fruit consumption of adults of Qingdao and examine the association between fruit consumption and stroke. Methods: We analyzed baseline data and stroke incidence of the participants who were aged 30-79 years and had been enrolled into the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) study from Qingdao city. Cox proportional hazards regression model was conducted to estimate the association of fruit consumption with risk of stroke. Results: A total of 35 509 participants were investgated in the baseline survey. Ratio of male to female was 1∶1.27, and the average age was (50.3±10.2) years. Respondents with higher frequency of fruit consumption were younger, more women, with higher education level and higher income (P<0.05). A total of 1 011 new cases of stroke were observed, with a stroke incidence of 387.63/100 000 person-years. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that fruit consumption had a protective effect on stroke incidence. Compared to the respondents who never consumed fruit, respondents who consumed fruit more than 4 days per week had a 44% lower risk of stroke incidence (HR=0.56, 95%CI: 0.50-0.62, P<0.05), and the risk reduced by 46% (HR=0.54, 95%CI: 0.46-0.64, P<0.05) and 42% (HR=0.58, 95%CI: 0.52-0.69, P<0.05) in male and female, respectively. Further adjustment for WC, BMI, SBP and random blood glucose did not change the association. Conclusion: Increasing fruit consumption can effectively decrease the risk of stroke. People should increase fruit consumption advisably to set up reasonable and healthy dietary habits.


Assuntos
Frutas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Renda , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(4): 389-393, 2019 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006196

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the heritability of diabetes among the Chinese twin adults. Methods: A total of 10 253 same-sex twin pairs aged 25 years and older, were selected from the Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR) program. Heritability of diabetes was calculated by using the structural equation model. Results: After adjusted for age and gender, the overall heritability rates of diabetes were 0.41 (0.15-0.75), 0.83 (0.72-0.91) and 0.34 (0.04-0.73) in the <45 and ≥45 years twin pairs, respectively. After adjusted for age, rates of heritability appeared as 0.37 (0.05-0.78) and 0.88 (0.79-0.94) in men and women, respectively. Conclusions: Diabetes is affected by both genetic and environmental factors. The genetic effect of diabetes seemed stronger on female than that on male twins but was dying down along with ageing.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Diabetes Mellitus/genética , Gêmeos Monozigóticos , Adulto , Diabetes Mellitus/etnologia , Doenças em Gêmeos/etnologia , Doenças em Gêmeos/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30550126

RESUMO

Objective:To evaluate the applicative value of image-guided system in endoscopic sinus and skull base surgeries. Method:A total of 103 endoscopic surgical procedures were performed.All these procedures were conducted with the utilization of image-guided system, among which there were 92 cases of sinonasal-skull base surgery(including nasal sinuses resection of benign and malignant tumors involving skull base lesions, the cumulative orbital lesion resection of nasal sinus lesions, etc. ), 6 repair of cerebrospinal fluid leak, 3 pituitary adenoma resection, 2 traumatic neuropathy optic nerve decompression. Result:With the utilization of image-guided system, all patients had successful surgery without major and minor complications. The image-guided system provided high precision with short registration time. Conclusion:Image-guided system can help the surgeon to identify accurately the vital anatomic landmarks of sinus and skull base, improving surgical accuracy and safety as well as reducing or avoiding the intraoperative and postoperative complications.

18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(5): 600-603, 2018 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29860801

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship of family environment in childhood and adolescence and mental health in adulthood. Methods: A total of 791 subjects aged ≥25 years were selected through the Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR). The short-form of Family Environment Scale-Chinese Version (FES-CV) was used to evaluate the family environment during childhood and adolescence in three dimensions: relationship, system maintenance and personal growth. The mental health status in adulthood was assessed with the Chinese version of 6-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6). The generalized linear mixed model was used to examine their relationship. Results: About 4.6% of the subjects reported general or worse mental health status. Compared with the subjects with good mental status, statistical difference was observed only in parenting way among twins (living together or not). After adjusting the potential confounders, such as age, sex, zygosity, education and lifestyle (smoking, drinking and physical activity), good family relationship and system maintenance had a positive effect on mental health, with the OR (95%CI) of 0.66 (0.51-0.87) and 0.70 (0.50-0.98) respectively. Furthermore, parenting way did not modify the effect of family environment on mental health status in adulthood (interaction: P>0.05). In each scale, scores of cohesion and organization were positively correlated with mental health, while the score of conflict was negatively correlated with the mental health. Conclusion: Good family relationship and system maintenance in childhood and adolescence had a positive impact on mental health in adulthood.


Assuntos
Relações Familiares , Relações Interpessoais , Saúde Mental , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Poder Familiar
19.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(3): 387-394, 2018 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29930403

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the DNA methylation sites correlated with blood pressure (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, pulse pressure) in adult twin population. METHODS: A total of 476 twins from the Chinese National Twin Registry were selected as the research population. Questionnaires were used to collect demographic characteristics, lifestyle, disease status and other information, and blood pressure, height, weight and other anthropometric indicators were measured. The genome-wide DNA methylation of whole blood samples was detected by using Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip. The DNA methylation sites correlated with blood pressure were analyzed by constructing mixed effect model with adjusting potential confounding factors, and the significant level was false discovery rate <0.05. RESULTS: After data quality control, 465 twins (122 pairs of monozygotic twins, 104 pairs of dizygotic twins, 13 individuals from 13 pairs of twins) aged (44.8±13.2) years were finally enrolled. There were more males and more monozygotic twins, and the current smokers and current regular drinkers both accounted for more than 30%. No significant CpG site was found after multiple testing in the correlation study between genome-wide DNA methylation and blood pressure by using the collected twins. However, the cg07761116 located on chromosome 10 had low P value in the correlation analysis of 3 blood pressure indices (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure), suggesting that this site might be correlated with blood pressure. The other 7 sites had low P value in the correlation analysis of the two blood pressure indices, respectively, which pointed to genes involved in neurological development, protein homeostasis, inflammatory reaction and other pathways. CONCLUSION: There is no sufficient evidence to support any DNA methylation site correlated with blood pressure, which may be caused by insufficient sample size and other reasons. This study could provide a reference for subsequent similar twin studies, and subsequent studies can focus on the cg07761116 located on chromosome 10 and other sites with low P values.


Assuntos
Ilhas de CpG , Metilação de DNA , Gêmeos Monozigóticos , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Peso Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Theriogenology ; 113: 183-191, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29550491

RESUMO

Embryo cryopreservation is important for long-term preservation of germplasm and assisted reproduction. However, it is still very difficult to obtain viable embryos from cryopreserved fish embryos. In this study, embryos of Epinephelus moara were used to investigate the effects of various cryopreservation methods. Embryos in stages 10 pairs somite (10S), 18 pairs somite (18S), 22 pairs somite (22S), tail-bud (TB), embryo twitching (ET) and pre-hatch (PH) were treated with five-step equilibrium penetration in 40% PMG3T vitrification solution, which contained 15.75% 1,2-propylene glycol, 10.50% Methanol, 8.75% Glycerol and 5.00% Trehalose. We found that 18S, 22S, TB and ET stage embryos had higher survival rates and were more tolerant to the vitrification solution. Five-step equilibrium treatments on the embryos at the tail-bud stage were performed using two vitrification solutions: 40% PMG3T and 40% PMG3S, which consisted of 15.75% 1,2-propylene glycol, 10.50% Methanol, 8.75% Glycerol and 5.00% Sucrose. The embryonic survival rate under PMG3S treatment (63.36%) was significantly higher than PMG3T treatment (43.93%) (P < 0.05). PMG3S and PMG3T with concentrations of 35%, 40% and 45% were tested on tail-bud stage embryos. Higher concentration of the vitrification solution led to significantly lower embryonic survival rate (P < 0.05). The survival rate was 36.79-72.05% in PMG3S, and 37.11-55.18% in PMG3T, and there were non-significant differences in embryonic development and malformation rates among the groups treated with different concentrations. The embryonic normal development rates in PMG3S and PMG3T were 21.27% and 11.04%, and the malformation rates were 36.13% and 31.04%, respectively. The optimum treatment condition was 40 min using 40% PMG3S on embryos at the tail-bud stage. Both PMG3S and PMG3T were used for cryopreserving embryos at 16 pairs somite, tail-bud and ET stage in liquid nitrogen, where we obtained 190 surviving embryos, and 44 fishes underwent normal development and hatched. The survival rate of cryopreserved embryos was 5.15%, the normal development rate was 1.31%, and the malformation rate was 3.66%. We found that PMG3S and PMG3T were effective for cryopreservation of Epinephelus moara embryos. The results provide a foundation for further explorations of fish embryo cryopreservation techniques.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/veterinária , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Embrião não Mamífero/fisiologia , Perciformes/embriologia , Vitrificação , Animais , Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Taxa de Sobrevida
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