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1.
Surg Oncol Clin N Am ; 30(4): 747-758, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511194

RESUMO

There is increasing interest in the role of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for pancreatectomy. Prospective data indicate significant advantages for MIS when performed for left-sided pancreatic pathologies and may be deemed as the standard of care. However, there is reluctance in implementing this technique to pancreaticoduodenectomy because of the complexity of the operation and the mixed results from randomized trials. A detailed description of the technical aspects of robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy and distal pancreatectomy is presented in this article in addition to a summary of the most important prospective and cohort studies. We also provide insights into patient selection and the learning curve of MIS surgery for pancreatectomy.

2.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Right hemicolectomy is recommended for appendiceal adenocarcinoma but may not be needed for early-stage disease. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether appendectomy offers adequate oncologic outcomes for T1 appendiceal adenocarcinoma from a national cohort of patients. DESIGN: Patients with T1 appendiceal adenocarcinoma (mucinous and non-mucinous histology) treated with either a right hemicolectomy or appendectomy between 2004-2016 were retrieved. Multivariate Cox-regression analysis was used to identify predictors of overall survival. SETTING: National cancer database. PATIENTS: A total 320 patients (median age 62yrs, 47% females) were identified: 69 (22%) underwent an appendectomy and 251 (78%) underwent a right hemicolectomy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Overall survival. RESULTS: Non-mucinous adenocarcinoma was identified in 194 (61%) while 126 (39%) had mucinous adenocarcinoma. Out of the overall cohort, 43% had well differentiated histology, 39% had moderately differentiated disease and 4% had poorly differentiated tumors. The rate of lymph node metastasis was lower in well differentiated tumors (3%) compared to moderately (10%) or poorly differentiated tumors (25%). On univariate survival analysis, right hemicolectomy was associated with improved 1-,3- and 5-year overall survival in patients with moderately/poorly differentiated disease (P<0.001) but not for well differentiated disease (p=1.000). After adjustment, right hemicolectomy was associated with overall survival improvement for moderately/poorly differentiated T1 adenocarcinoma (HR=0.26, 95% CI: 0.08-0.82, p=0.02) but not for well differentiated disease. LIMITATIONS: This study was limited by its retrospective nature. CONCLUSION: The current analysis from the national cancer database demonstrates that appendectomy is associated with equivalent survival to right hemicolectomy for well differentiated T1 adenocarcinoma, while for moderately and poorly differentiated disease, right hemicolectomy is oncologically superior to appendectomy. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B689.

4.
Cancer Med ; 10(20): 7233-7241, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559451

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Preoperative autophagy inhibition with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in combination with gemcitabine in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has been shown to be safe and effective in inducing a serum biomarker response and increase resection rates in a previous phase I/II clinical trial. We aimed to analyze the long-term outcomes of preoperative HCQ with gemcitabine for this cohort. METHODS: A review of patients enrolled between July 2010 and February 2013 in the completed phase I/II single arm (two doses of fixed-dose gemcitabine (1500 mg/m2 ) in combination with oral hydroxychloroquine administered for 31 consecutive days until the day of surgery for high-risk pancreatic cancer) was undertaken. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival analysis (OS) using Kaplan-Meier estimates were performed. RESULTS: Of 35 patients initially enrolled, 29 patients underwent surgical resection (median age at diagnosis: 62 years, 45% females). Median duration of follow-up was 7.5 years. There was a median 15% decrease in the serum CA19-9 levels following completion of neoadjuvant therapy and 83% of the cohort underwent a pancreaticoduodenectomy, 7 (24%) patients had a concomitant venous resection. On histopathology, 14 (48%) patients had at least a partial treatment response. The median PFS and OS were 11 months (95% Confidence interval [CI]: 7-28) and 31 months (95% CI: 13-47), respectively, while 9 (31%) patients survived beyond 5 years from diagnosis; a rate that compares very favorably with contemporaneous series. CONCLUSION: Compared to historical data, neoadjuvant autophagy inhibition with HCQ plus gemcitabine is associated with encouraging long-term survival for patients with PDAC.

5.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appendiceal goblet cell adenocarcinomas (GCC) are rare tumors with clinical behavior between classic carcinoids and adenocarcinomas. Current guidelines recommend right hemicolectomy for all GCCs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The National Cancer Database was retrospectively queried for appendiceal GCCs undergoing appendectomy or right hemicolectomy between 2004 and 2016. Demographics, tumor characteristics, and post-operative outcomes were collected. The primary outcome was overall survival, which was examined by surgical type and tumor T stage. Multivariate logistic regression was utilized to identify predictors of survival. RESULTS: In total, 1083 GCCs were included, and 81.8% underwent right hemicolectomy. Mean age was 57 years, and 89% were White. Patients undergoing hemicolectomy had higher T-stage tumors (66.6%/14.4% T3/T4 vs. 55.8%/8.1%, p < 0.001). Lymph node positivity increased with T stage (1.1%, 2.1%, 9.9%, and 29.1% for T1-T4). GCCs undergoing colectomy were more frequently moderately or poorly differentiated (16.7%/9.0% vs. 12.2%/6.6%, p = 0.011). Appendectomy surgical margins were positive in 17.3% (3.4% hemicolectomy, p < 0.001). In T3/T4 tumors, a significant survival benefit at 5 years was observed in patients undergoing colectomy as compared with appendectomy (85.4% vs. 82.0%, p = 0.028). On multivariate analysis, lymph node positivity markedly decreased survival overall for the entire cohort (HR 7.58, p < 0.001) and for T3/T4 tumors (HR 7.63, p < 0.001). In patients with T3/T4 tumors, there was a trend towards improved survival with right hemicolectomy (HR 0.42, p = 0.068). CONCLUSION: Omitting right hemicolectomy can be considered for select T1/T2 appendiceal GCCs with negative appendectomy margins, given low rates of lymph node metastases and lack of survival benefit with right hemicolectomy.

6.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254216

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine factors affecting mortality, and long-term patency of portal vein, in patients with pancreatic-portal vein fistula (PPVF). METHODS: Consecutive cases of PPVF at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center from 2008 to 2020 were retrospectively identified. Clinical history, imaging studies, management strategies, complications, and long-term outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Fourteen patients, representing the largest PPVF cohort reported to date (mean age 58.6 years, 64.3% women, median follow-up 10 months [1-98 months]) were identified. Underlying chronic pancreatitis was seen in 9 (64.3%) patients, while 5 (35.7%) developed PPVF with first attack of acute pancreatitis. PPVF involved proximal main portal vein (MPV) in 10 (78.6%) patients. Of the 5 patients (35.7%) who died, all had occlusive (n=4) or near-occlusive (n=1) PPVF-associated filling defect (FD) in the MPV. Conversely, 7 of 9 survivors (87.5%) had subocclusive FD and patent MPV. In patients with sepsis (n=5), 1 underwent surgical necrosectomy and survived, while 3 of 4 (75%) patients without debridement died. CONCLUSION: Occlusive/near-occlusive PPVF-associated MPV FD, and sepsis, are associated with high mortality rates, while subocclusive MPV FD is associated with survival and long-term MPV patency. PPVF is a potentially life-threatening, and possibly under-diagnosed, entity that warrants early clinical suspicion for timely diagnosis, to facilitate optimal management.

7.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34291365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appendiceal adenocarcinoma (AA) represents a heterogenous group of neoplasms with distinct histologic features. The role and efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) in non-metastatic disease remain controversial. The aim of this study was to ascertain the role of AC in non-metastatic AA in a national cohort of patients. METHODS: The National Cancer Database (NCDB) was queried to identify patients diagnosed with stage I-III mucinous and nonmucinous AA who underwent right hemicolectomy between 2006 and 2016. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate the impact of AC on overall survival (OS) stratified by each pathologic stage. RESULTS: A total of 1433 mucinous and 1954 nonmucinous AA were identified; 578 (40%) and 722 (40%) received AC respectively. In both AC groups, there was a higher proportion of T4 disease, lymph node metastasis, pathologic stage III, and poorly/undifferentiated grade (all P<0.05). On unadjusted analysis, there was no significant association between AC and OS for stage I-III mucinous AA. For nonmucinous AA, AC significantly improved OS only for stage II and III disease. On adjusted analysis, AC was independently associated with an improved OS for stage III nonmucinous AA (HR: 0.61, 95%CI 0.45-0.84, P=0.002), while for mucinous AA, AC was associated with worse outcomes for stage I/II disease (HR: 1.4, 95%CI 1.02-1.91, P=0.038) and had no significant association with OS for stage III disease. CONCLUSION: This current analysis of a national cohort of patients suggests a beneficial role for AC in stage III nonmucinous AA and demonstrates no identifiable benefit for stage I-III mucinous AA.

8.
J Surg Oncol ; 124(5): 801-809, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231222

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) is an emerging strategy for operable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). While NAT increases multimodal therapy completion, it risks functional decline and treatment dropout. We used decision analysis to determine optimal management of localized PDAC and consider risks faced by elderly patients. METHODS: A Markov cohort decision analysis model evaluated treatment options for a 60-year-old patient with resectable PDAC: (1) upfront pancreaticoduodenectomy or (2) NAT. One-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed. A subanalysis considered the scenario of a 75-year-old patient. RESULTS: For the base case, NAT offered an incremental survival gain of 4.6 months compared with SF (overall survival: 26.3 vs. 21.7 months). In one-way sensitivity analyses, findings were sensitive to recurrence-free survival for NAT patients undergoing adjuvant, probability of completing NAT, and probability of being resectable at exploration after NAT. On probabilistic analysis, NAT was favored in a majority of trials (97%) with a median survival benefit of 5.1 months. In altering the base case for the 75-year-old scenario, NAT had a survival benefit of 3.8 months. CONCLUSIONS: This analysis demonstrates a significant benefit to NAT in patients with localized PDAC. This benefit persists even in the elderly cohort.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/terapia , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Cadeias de Markov , Terapia Neoadjuvante/mortalidade , Pancreatectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
9.
J Surg Oncol ; 124(3): 324-333, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33939838

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act has improved access to screening and treatment for certain cancers. It is unclear how this policy has affected the diagnosis and management of pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Using a quasi-experimental difference-in-differences (DID) approach, we analyzed Medicaid and uninsured patients in the National Cancer Data Base during two time periods: pre-expansion (2011-2012) and postexpansion (2015-2016). We investigated changes in cancer staging, treatment decisions, and surgical outcomes. RESULTS: In this national cohort, pancreatic cancer patients in expansion states had increased Medicaid coverage relative to those in nonexpansion states (DID = 17.49, p < 0.01). Medicaid expansion also led to an increase in early-stage diagnoses (Stage I/II, DID = 4.71, p = 0.03), higher comorbidity scores among surgical patients (Charlson/Deyo score 0: DID = -13.69, p = 0.02), a trend toward more neoadjuvant radiation (DID = 6.15, p = 0.06), and more positive margins (DID = 11.69, p = 0.02). There were no differences in rates of surgery, postoperative outcomes, or overall survival. CONCLUSION: Medicaid expansion was associated with improved insurance coverage and earlier stage diagnoses for Medicaid and uninsured pancreatic cancer patients, but similar surgical outcomes and overall survival. These findings highlight both the benefits of Medicaid expansion and the potential limitations of policy change to improve outcomes for such an aggressive malignancy.


Assuntos
Cobertura do Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicaid/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/economia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
10.
J Immunother ; 44(5): 185-192, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33935273

RESUMO

Despite its increased application in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), complete response to neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) is rare. Given the critical role of host immunity in regulating cancer, we sought to correlate baseline inflammatory profiles to significant response to NAT. PDAC patients receiving NAT were classified as responders (R) or nonresponders (NR) by carbohydrate antigen 19-9 response, pathologic tumor size, and lymph node status in the resected specimen. Baseline (treatment-naive) plasma was analyzed to determine levels of 27 inflammatory mediators. Logistic regression was used to correlate individual mediators with response. Network analysis and Pearson correlation maps were derived to determine baseline inflammatory mediator profiles. Forty patients (20R and 20NR) met study criteria. The R showed significantly higher overall survival (59.4 vs. 21.25 mo, P=0.002) and disease-free survival (50.97 vs. 10.60 mo, P=0.005), compared with NR. soluble interleukin-2 receptor alpha was a significant predictor of no response to NAT (P=0.045). Analysis of inflammatory profiles using the Pearson heat map analysis followed by network analysis depicted increased inflammatory network complexity in NR compared with R (1.69 vs. 1), signifying a more robust baseline inflammatory status of NR. A panel of inflammatory mediators identified by logistic regression and Fischer score analysis was used to create a potential decision tree to predict NAT response. We demonstrate that baseline inflammatory profiles are associated with response to NAT in PDAC, and that an upregulated inflammatory status is associated with a poor response to NAT. Further analysis into the role of inflammatory mediators as predictors of chemotherapy response is warranted.

11.
J Surg Oncol ; 124(3): 308-316, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33893740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAT) for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is increasingly being utilized. However, a significant number of patients will experience early recurrence, possibly negating the benefit of surgery. We aimed to identify factors implicated in early disease recurrence. METHODS: A retrospective review of pancreaticoduodenectomies performed between 2005 and 2017 at our institution for PDAC following NAT was performed. A 6-month cut-off was used to stratify patients into early/late recurrence groups. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify predictors of recurrence. RESULTS: Of 273 patients, 64 (23%) developed early recurrence or died within 90 days of surgery. The median time to recurrence was 4 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.2-4.3) in the early group versus 16 months (95% CI: 13.7-19.9) in the late group. The former had higher baseline and post-NAT Ca19-9 levels than the latter (472 vs. 153 IU/ml, p = 0.001 and 71 vs. 39 IU/ml, p = 0.005, respectively). A higher positive lymph node ratio significantly increased the risk of early recurrence (hazard ratio [HR]: 15.9, p < 0.001) while adjuvant chemotherapy was protective (HR: 0.4, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Our findings acknowledge the limitations of clinically measured factors used to ascertain response to NAT and underline the need for individualized molecular markers that take into consideration the specific tumor biology.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Idoso , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/mortalidade , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
Pancreas ; 50(3): 386-392, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835970

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to create a composite measure, optimal oncologic surgery (OOS), for patients undergoing distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma and identify factors associated with OOS. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing distal pancreatectomy were identified from the National Cancer Database between 2010 and 2016. Patients were stratified based on receipt of OOS. Criteria for OOS included 90-day survival, no 30-day readmission, length of stay ≤7 days, negative resection margins, ≥12 lymph nodes harvested, and receipt of chemotherapy. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify predictors of OOS. Survival curves and a Cox proportional hazards model were created to compare survival and identify risk factors for mortality. RESULTS: Three thousand five hundred forty-six patients were identified. The rate of OOS was 22.3%. Diagnosis after 2012, treatment at an academic medical center, and a minimally invasive surgical approach (MIS) were associated with OOS. Survival was superior for patients undergoing OOS. Decreasing age at diagnosis, fewer comorbidities, surgery at an academic medical center, MIS, and lower pathologic stage were also associated with improved survival on multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Rates of OOS for distal pancreatectomy are low. Time trends show increasing rates of OOS that may be related to increasing MIS, adjuvant chemotherapy, and referrals to academic medical centers.

13.
Gut ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849943

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have found aristaless-related homeobox gene (ARX)/pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (PDX1), alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation X-linked (ATRX)/death domain-associated protein (DAXX) and alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) to be promising prognostic biomarkers for non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (NF-PanNETs). However, they have not been comprehensively evaluated, especially among small NF-PanNETs (≤2.0 cm). Moreover, their status in neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) from other sites remains unknown. DESIGN: An international cohort of 1322 NETs was evaluated by immunolabelling for ARX/PDX1 and ATRX/DAXX, and telomere-specific fluorescence in situ hybridisation for ALT. This cohort included 561 primary NF-PanNETs, 107 NF-PanNET metastases and 654 primary, non-pancreatic non-functional NETs and NET metastases. The results were correlated with numerous clinicopathological features including relapse-free survival (RFS). RESULTS: ATRX/DAXX loss and ALT were associated with several adverse prognostic findings and distant metastasis/recurrence (p<0.001). The 5-year RFS rates for patients with ATRX/DAXX-negative and ALT-positive NF-PanNETs were 40% and 42% as compared with 85% and 86% for wild-type NF-PanNETs (p<0.001 and p<0.001). Shorter 5-year RFS rates for ≤2.0 cm NF-PanNETs patients were also seen with ATRX/DAXX loss (65% vs 92%, p=0.003) and ALT (60% vs 93%, p<0.001). By multivariate analysis, ATRX/DAXX and ALT status were independent prognostic factors for RFS. Conversely, classifying NF-PanNETs by ARX/PDX1 expression did not independently correlate with RFS. Except for 4% of pulmonary carcinoids, ATRX/DAXX loss and ALT were only identified in primary (25% and 29%) and NF-PanNET metastases (62% and 71%). CONCLUSIONS: ATRX/DAXX and ALT should be considered in the prognostic evaluation of NF-PanNETs including ≤2.0 cm tumours, and are highly specific for pancreatic origin among NET metastases of unknown primary.

14.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(11): 6264-6272, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33748894

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) is a growing strategy for patients with resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Elderly patients are at increased risk of treatment withdrawal due to functional decline, and the benefit of NAT in this cohort remains to be studied. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare outcomes of elderly patients with resectable head PDAC who underwent NAT or a surgery-first (SF) approach. METHODS: All patients 75 years of age and older with radiographically resectable (National Comprehensive Cancer Network criteria) PDAC who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy at a single institution from 2008 to 2017 were analyzed. Baseline characteristics and perioperative outcomes were compared between the SF and NAT cohorts. Recurrence-free survival and overall survival (OS) were analyzed by treatment strategy. RESULTS: Overall, 158 patients were identified: SF cohort = 90 (57%) and NAT cohort = 68 (43%). Patients in the SF cohort were older (80 vs. 78 years; p = 0.01) but there were no differences in preoperative comorbidities or frailty indices. SF patients had a trend toward higher rates of major complications (38% vs. 24%; p = 0.06) with higher Comprehensive Complication Index totals (20.9 vs. 20; p = 0.03). There were similar rates of adjuvant therapy. NAT was associated with significantly longer OS (24.6 vs. 17.6 months; p = 0.01) in both the intent-to-treat and resected cohorts. On multivariable analysis (MVA), NAT remained an independent predictor of OS (hazard ratio 0.60; p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: NAT is safe and effective for elderly patients with PDAC. This study suggests NAT is associated with fewer complications after surgery, equal rates of adjuvant therapy receipt, and increased OS over a surgery-first approach.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Humanos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia
16.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(5): 2438-2446, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523364

RESUMO

AIMS: National studies have demonstrated disparities in the treatment and survival of pancreatic cancer patients based on socioeconomic status (SES). This study aimed to identify specific differences in perioperative management and outcomes based on patient SES and to study the role of a multidisciplinary clinic (MDC) in mitigating any variations. METHODS: The study analyzed patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in a large hospital system. The patients were categorized into groups of high and low SES and whether they were managed by the authors' pancreatic cancer MDC or not. The study compared differences in disease characteristics, receipt of multimodality therapy, perioperative outcomes, and recurrence-free and overall survival. RESULTS: Of the 162 low-SES patients and 119 high-SES patients, 54% were managed in the MDC. Outside the MDC, low-SES patients were less likely to receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy and had less minimally invasive surgery, a longer OR time, less enhanced recovery participation, and more major complications (p < 0.05). No SES disparities were observed among the MDC patients. Despite similar tumor characteristics, the low-SES patients had inferior median overall survival (21 vs 32 months; p = 0.005), but the MDC appeared to eliminate this disparity. Low SES correlated with inferior survival for the non-MDC patients (17 vs 32 months; p < 0.001), but not for the MDC patients (24 vs 25 months; p = 0.33). These findings persisted in the multivariable analysis. CONCLUSION: A pancreatic cancer MDC standardizes treatment decisions, eliminates disparities in surgical outcomes, and improves survival for low-SES patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Classe Social
17.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 25(5): 1359, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33565012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy (RPD) is performed for resectable periampullary lesions with comparable outcomes to the open approach.1 Surgical therapy for borderline-resectable (BR) pancreatic tumors is technically challenging and poses a significant risk of bleeding and positive margins.2 As experience with RPD grows at high-volume centers, case selection can be carefully expanded to include complex vascular resections.3 We demonstrate a RPD performed for BR pancreatic adenocarcinoma with portal vein (PV) involvement and presence of anomalous hepatic arterial anatomy. METHODS: A 75-year-old female presented with abdominal pain and obstructive jaundice. She was previously healthy and had a relatively normal body mass index (25.7 kg/m2). Endoscopic ultrasound and computed tomography imaging identified a pancreatic head mass measuring 2.3 cm with evidence of concomitant abutment of the PV (90-180 degree) and abutment of a replaced right hepatic artery (rRHA) originating from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Following four cycles of neoadjuvant gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel, restaging imaging demonstrated partial radiographic response, represented by a lesser degree of PV abutment and resolution of rRHA abutment. RPD was performed with side-bite resection of the PV and preservation of rRHA. The video demonstrates the key steps followed in a robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy performed for a technically challenging pancreatic head cancer and highlights robotic control of bleeding from the PV and SMA obviating the need for conversion. Histopathology revealed a residual moderately differentiated ductal adenocarcinoma with 4-of-40 positive lymph nodes and negative surgical margins. The tumor was staged as ypT1cN2 (AJCC 8th edition). The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and was discharged on hospital day 8. CONCLUSION: In high-volume centers, the robotic approach can be safely used in selected cases of technically challenging BR pancreatic head cancers.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia
18.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543349

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Treatment of pancreaticobiliary pathology following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) poses significant technical challenges. Laparoscopic-assisted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (LA-ERCP) can overcome those anatomical hurdles, allowing access to the papilla. Our aims were to analyze our 12-year institutional outcomes and determine the learning curve for LA-ERCP. METHODS: A retrospective review of cases between 2007 and 2019 at a high-volume pancreatobiliary unit was performed. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of specific outcomes. To identify the learning curve, CUSUM analyses and innovative methods for standardizing the surgeon's timelines were performed. RESULTS: 131 patients underwent LA-ERCP (median age 60, 81% females) by 17 surgeons and 10 gastroenterologists. Cannulation of the papilla was achieved in all cases. Indications were choledocholithiasis (78%), Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction/Papillary stenosis (18%), management of bile leak (2%) and stenting/biopsy of malignant strictures (2%). Median total, surgical and ERCP times were 180, 128 and 48 min, respectively, and 47% underwent concomitant cholecystectomy. Surgical site infection developed in 9.2% and post-ERCP pancreatitis in 3.8%. Logistic regression revealed multiple abdominal operations and magnitude of BMI decrease (between RYGB and LA-ERCP) to be predictive of conversion to open approach. CUSUM analysis of operative time demonstrated a learning curve at case 27 for the surgical team and case 9 for the gastroenterology team. On binary cut analysis, 3-5 cases per surgeon were needed to optimize operative metrics. CONCLUSION: LA-ERCP is associated with high success rates and low adverse events. We identify outcome benchmarks and a learning curve for new adopters of this increasingly performed procedure.

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