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Int J Pharm ; 578: 119088, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001291


Docetaxel (DTX), a widely prescribed anticancer agent, is now associated with increased instances of multidrug resistance. Also, being a problematic BCS class IV drug, it poses challenges for the formulators. Henceforth, it was envisioned to synthesize an analogue of DTX with a biocompatible lipid, i.e., palmitic acid. The in-silico studies (molecular docking and simulation) inferred lesser binding of docetaxel palmitate (DTX-PL) with P-gp vis-à-vis DTX and paclitaxel, indicating it to be a poor substrate for P-gp efflux. Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) of the conjugate were prepared using various lipids, viz. palmitic acid, stearic acid, cetyl palmitate and glyceryl monostearate. The characterization studies for the nanocarrier were performed for the surface charge, drug payload, micromeritics, release pattern of drug and surface morphology. From the cytotoxicity assays on resistant MCF-7 cells, it was established that the new analogue offered substantially decreased IC50 to that of DTX. Further, apoptosis assay also corroborated the results obtained in IC50 determination wherein, SA-SLNs showed the highest apoptotic index than free DTX. The conjugate not only enhanced the solubility but also offered lower plasma protein binding and improved pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effect for DTX loaded SA-SLNs in apt animal models, and lower affinity to P-gp efflux. The studies provide preliminary evidence and a ray of hope for a better candidate in its nano version for safer and effective cancer chemotherapy.

Peptides ; 126: 170263, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981594


The escalating predicament of multidrug resistant cancer cells and associated side effects of conventional chemotherapy necessitates the exploration of alternative anticancer therapies. The present study evaluated anticancer therapeutic potential of human defensin 5 (HD-5) against colon cancer. The in vivo anticancer efficacy of HD-5 against 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) induced colon cancer was elucidated in terms of tumor biostatistics, number of aberrant crypt foci (ACF), in situ apoptosis assay,changes in morphological as well as histological architecture of colon(s). The direct interaction of peptide was investigated by incubating peptide with normal and/or cancerous colonocytes followed by phase contrast, Hoechst 3342 and AO/PI staining as well as confocal microscopy. Changes in membrane dynamics were evaluated by MC 540 and N-NBD-PE staining. In vivo decrease(s) in tumor parameters, number of aberrant crypt foci along with marked increase in the rate of apoptosis was observed.H&E staining revealed neutrophils infiltration and restoration of normal architecture in treated colon(s) which was consistent with scanning electron microscopic observations. Furthermore, non-membranolytic mechanism was found to be acquired by peptide as it could traverse cell membrane gaining access to nucleus and cytoplasm thereby disintegrating cellular architecture. MC 540 and NBD-PE staining revealed that peptide could bind to cancerous cells by taking advantage of altered fluidity levels. Our results indicated that HD-5 exhibited strong cancer cell killing and does not affect normal host cells. The peptide can be exploited as promising option to combat developing menace of colon cancer and/or can at least be used as an adjunct to present day chemotherapies.

Tumour Biol ; 36(11): 8301-8, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26002579


In view of the emergence of multidrug-resistant cancer cells, there is a need for therapeutic alternatives. Keeping this in mind, the present study was aimed at evaluating the synergism between nisin (an antimicrobial peptide) and doxorubicin (DOX) against DMBA-induced skin carcinogenesis. The possible tumoricidal activity of the combination was evaluated in terms of animal bioassay observations, changes in hisotological architecture of skin tissues, in situ apoptosis assay (TUNEL assay) and in terms of oxidant and antioxidant status of the skin tissues. In vivo additive effect of the combination was evidenced by larger decreases in mean tumour burden and tumour volume in mice treated with the combination than those treated with the drugs alone. Histological observations indicated that nisin-DOX therapy causes chromatin condensation and marginalisation of nuclear material in skin tissues of treated mice which correlated well with the results of TUNEL assay wherein a marked increase in the rate of apoptosis was revealed in tissues treated with the combination. A slightly increased oxidative stress in response to the adjunct therapy as compared to dox-alone-treated group was revealed by levels of lipid peroxidation (LPO) and nitrite generation in skin tissue-treated mice. An almost similar marginal enhancement in superoxide dismutase levels corresponding with a decrease in catalase activity could also be observed in nisin + DOX-treated groups as compared to nisin and dox-alone-treated groups. These results point towards the possible use of nisin as an adjunct to doxorubicin may help in developing alternate strategies to combat currently developing drug resistance in cancer cells.

Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Nisina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antracenos/toxicidade , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Neoplasias Experimentais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Piperidinas/toxicidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia