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1.
Codas ; 32(5): e20190071, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053083

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To test the association between the Sense of Coherence (SOC) and the fear of public speaking in university students. METHOD: Cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample of 1124 undergraduate students of a Brazilian public university. An online questionnaire was used divided into three blocks: the first evaluated the sociodemographic data and the somatic symptoms of the fear of public speaking; the second evaluated the SOC, through the SOC-13 questionnaire; and the third was composed by the Scale for Self-Assessment in Public Speaking (SSPS), with questions that point out cognitive aspects of this activity. The students were divided into two groups (high SOC and low SOC) through the Two-step Cluster analysis. Data were analyzed descriptively and by the Mann-Whitney test and bi and multivariate logistic regression models, with significance set at 5%. RESULTS: The students who reported not being afraid to speak in public were more likely to belong to the high SOC group (OR = 3.19, 95% CI = 2.30-4.42). Students from the high SOC group self-assessed more positively on the SSPS scale (p <0.001). CONCLUSION: College students over 30 years old, on the second half of graduation, with breathing discomfort, who do not report fear of public speaking and who perceive themselves more positively for public speaking, they have the highest SOC. Thus, it is observed the importance of considering the SOC as an important coping resource, given the great interference of emotional aspects in public speech.


Assuntos
Senso de Coerência , Fala , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Medo , Humanos , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
2.
Codas ; 32(5): e20190097, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053085

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of shyness in university students and to analyze among the sociodemographic and public communication factors, those that are most related to their presence. METHOD: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out with 1124 university students aged between 17 and 63 years old. It was used a questionnaire with questions related to sociodemographic characteristics; frequency of participation in public speaking activities; self-report of fear of speaking; self-perception of non-verbal aspects of oral communication: tone of voice, speed of speech, voice intensity, vocal projection, eye contact with the audience during the speech, use hands in public presentations; self-assessment of public speaking (Scale for Self-Assessment in Public Speaking) and self-perception of shyness (Revised Shyness Scale). The analysis of factors associated with shyness and with the other variables was performed by Pearson's chi-square test and univariate and multivariate logistic regression. The level of significance adopted was 5%. RESULTS: The majority of the university population self-reported traces of shyness and fear of speaking in public. There was an association of shyness with the age of 17 to 30 years, fear of speaking in public, little participation in public speaking activities, negative self-perception of speech and with non-verbal communication aspects. CONCLUSION: Shyness is prevalent in young university students, who participate in few public speaking activities, who are afraid to speak in public, self-report speaking at low intensity and who are unable to use their hands naturally during public presentations.


Assuntos
Fala , Voz , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autoimagem , Timidez , Adulto Jovem
3.
CoDAS ; 32(5): e20190097, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133526

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência da timidez em estudantes universitários e analisar dentre os fatores sociodemográficos e da comunicação em público, aqueles que mais se relacionam com sua presença. Método: estudo transversal analítico realizado com 1124 universitários com idade entre 17 e 63 anos. Utilizou-se um questionário com perguntas referentes às características sociodemográficas; frequência de participação em atividades de fala em público, autorrelato do medo de falar, autopercepção dos aspectos não verbais da comunicação oral: tom de voz, velocidade de fala, intensidade de voz, projeção vocal, contato visual com a plateia durante o discurso, uso das mãos nas apresentações em público; autoavaliação da fala em público (Escala para Auto Avaliação ao Falar em Público) e autopercepção da timidez (Escala Revisada de Timidez). A análise dos fatores associados à timidez com as demais variáveis foi realizada por meio do teste Qui-quadrado de Pearson e regressão logística uni e multivariada. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados: a maioria da população universitária autorreferiu traços de timidez e medo de falar em público. Houve associação da timidez com a idade de 17 a 30 anos, medo de falar em público, pouca participação em atividades de fala em público, autopercepção negativa da fala e com aspectos não verbais da comunicação. Conclusão: A timidez é prevalente em estudantes universitários jovens, que participam de poucas atividades de fala em público, que apresentam medo de falar em público, autorrelatam falar em intensidade baixa e apresentam inabilidade de usar as mãos com naturalidade durante apresentações em público.


ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the prevalence of shyness in university students and to analyze among the sociodemographic and public communication factors, those that are most related to their presence. Method: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out with 1124 university students aged between 17 and 63 years old. It was used a questionnaire with questions related to sociodemographic characteristics; frequency of participation in public speaking activities; self-report of fear of speaking; self-perception of non-verbal aspects of oral communication: tone of voice, speed of speech, voice intensity, vocal projection, eye contact with the audience during the speech, use hands in public presentations; self-assessment of public speaking (Scale for Self-Assessment in Public Speaking) and self-perception of shyness (Revised Shyness Scale). The analysis of factors associated with shyness and with the other variables was performed by Pearson's chi-square test and univariate and multivariate logistic regression. The level of significance adopted was 5%. Results: The majority of the university population self-reported traces of shyness and fear of speaking in public. There was an association of shyness with the age of 17 to 30 years, fear of speaking in public, little participation in public speaking activities, negative self-perception of speech and with non-verbal communication aspects. Conclusion: Shyness is prevalent in young university students, who participate in few public speaking activities, who are afraid to speak in public, self-report speaking at low intensity and who are unable to use their hands naturally during public presentations.

4.
CoDAS ; 32(5): e20190071, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133542

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Testar a associação entre o Senso de Coerência (SOC) e o medo de falar em público em universitários. Método: Estudo transversal, com amostra de 1.124 estudantes de cursos de graduação de uma universidade pública brasileira. Foi utilizado questionário online dividido em três blocos: o primeiro avaliou os dados sociodemográficos e os sintomas somáticos do medo de falar em público; o segundo avaliou o SOC, por meio do questionário SOC-13; e o terceiro foi composto pela Escala para Autoavaliação ao Falar em Público (SSPS), que norteia aspectos cognitivos dessa atividade. Os universitários foram divididos em dois grupos (SOC alto e SOC baixo) por meio da análise de Cluster de dois passos. Os dados foram analisados de forma descritiva e por meio do teste de Mann-Whitney e modelos de regressão logística bi e multivariado, com significância de 5%. Resultados: Os universitários que relataram não ter medo de falar em público apresentaram mais chance de pertencer ao grupo SOC alto (OR=3,19, IC95%=2,30-4,42). Os universitários do grupo SOC alto se autoavaliaram mais positivamente na escala SSPS (p<0.001). Conclusão: Universitários com mais de 30 anos, na segunda metade da graduação, das áreas da Saúde e Exatas, com sintoma de respiração ofegante, que não relatam medo de falar em público e que se autopercebem mais positivamente para falar em público, apresentam o SOC mais alto. Diante do estudo, observa-se a importância de se considerar o SOC como um recurso de enfrentamento importante, tendo em vista a grande interferência dos aspectos emocionais na fala em público.


ABSTRACT Purpose: To test the association between the Sense of Coherence (SOC) and the fear of public speaking in university students. Method: Cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample of 1124 undergraduate students of a Brazilian public university. An online questionnaire was used divided into three blocks: the first evaluated the sociodemographic data and the somatic symptoms of the fear of public speaking; the second evaluated the SOC, through the SOC-13 questionnaire; and the third was composed by the Scale for Self-Assessment in Public Speaking (SSPS), with questions that point out cognitive aspects of this activity. The students were divided into two groups (high SOC and low SOC) through the Two-step Cluster analysis. Data were analyzed descriptively and by the Mann-Whitney test and bi and multivariate logistic regression models, with significance set at 5%. Results: The students who reported not being afraid to speak in public were more likely to belong to the high SOC group (OR = 3.19, 95% CI = 2.30-4.42). Students from the high SOC group self-assessed more positively on the SSPS scale (p <0.001). Conclusion: College students over 30 years old, on the second half of graduation, with breathing discomfort, who do not report fear of public speaking and who perceive themselves more positively for public speaking, they have the highest SOC. Thus, it is observed the importance of considering the SOC as an important coping resource, given the great interference of emotional aspects in public speech.

5.
Codas ; 31(6): e20180266, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644711

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify the prevalence of fear of public speaking and verify its association with sociodemographic variables, self-perception of voice, speech, and oral communication skills in public. METHODS: A cross-sectional and analytical study with 1,124 university students was carried out. An online questionnaire addressed was performed, considering factors as sociodemographic characteristics; fear of speaking; Scale for Self-Assessment When Speaking in Public (SSPS), self-perception of the voice, the ability to grasp, and keep the listener's attention and influence another. RESULTS: The fear of public speaking was prevalent in undergraduate students. There was an association of the fear of speaking with the vocal self-perception, with the ability to capture and keep the listener's attention and to influence another with their communication. Individuals who have the ability to capture and maintain the attention of the interlocutor are more likely to be afraid of public speaking than the undergraduate students who perceive themselves as having the ability to influence the listener with their communication. CONCLUSION: The more communicative skills and more persuasive the individual perceives his or her self, the less likely he or she is to be affected by the fear of speaking.


Assuntos
Medo/psicologia , Fala , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Percepção Auditiva , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comunicação Persuasiva , Prevalência , Autorrelato , Voz , Adulto Jovem
6.
CoDAS ; 31(6): e20180266, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039624

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo identificar a prevalência do medo de falar em público e verificar sua associação com as variáveis sociodemográficas, autopercepção da voz, fala e habilidades de comunicação oral em público. Método estudo transversal analítico com 1124 universitários. Um questionário online abordou características sociodemográficas, medo de falar, autoavaliação da fala em público por meio da Escala para Autoavaliação ao Falar em Público (SSPS), autopercepção da voz, da capacidade de captar e manter a atenção do ouvinte e de influenciar o outro. Resultados o medo de falar em público foi muito prevalente nos universitários. Houve associação do medo de falar com a autopercepção vocal, com a capacidade de captar e manter a atenção do ouvinte e influenciar o outro com a sua comunicação. Indivíduos que autorrelataram capacidade de captar e manter a atenção do interlocutor apresentaram maior chance de manifestar medo de falar em público em relação aos universitários que se autoperceberam como capazes de influenciar o ouvinte com a sua comunicação. Conclusão quanto mais habilidades comunicativas e mais persuasivo o indivíduo se percebe, menores as chances de ele ser acometido pelo medo de falar em público.


ABSTRACT Purpose To identify the prevalence of fear of public speaking and verify its association with sociodemographic variables, self-perception of voice, speech, and oral communication skills in public. Methods A cross-sectional and analytical study with 1,124 university students was carried out. An online questionnaire addressed was performed, considering factors as sociodemographic characteristics; fear of speaking; Scale for Self-Assessment When Speaking in Public (SSPS), self-perception of the voice, the ability to grasp, and keep the listener's attention and influence another. Results The fear of public speaking was prevalent in undergraduate students. There was an association of the fear of speaking with the vocal self-perception, with the ability to capture and keep the listener's attention and to influence another with their communication. Individuals who have the ability to capture and maintain the attention of the interlocutor are more likely to be afraid of public speaking than the undergraduate students who perceive themselves as having the ability to influence the listener with their communication. Conclusion The more communicative skills and more persuasive the individual perceives his or her self, the less likely he or she is to be affected by the fear of speaking.

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