Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 129
Filtrar
1.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(9)2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577827

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Vitiligo is an acquired chronic and idiopathic skin disorder, characterized by selective loss of melanocytes and resulting in a cutaneous depigmentation. Treatment for vitiligo remains a challenge for dermatologists; thus, it is frustrating both for physicians and patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate a combination treatment characterized by the use of a leukocyte-rich platelet-rich plasma, which is particularly rich in monocytes (defined here as monocyte-rich PRP), in combination with a 1927 nm fraxel laser and a 308 nm excimer laser. Materials and Methods: Treatment with monocyte-rich PRP combined with 1927 nm fraxel laser and 308 nm excimer laser was performed in nine sessions in 80 days and the median follow-up of the patients was 10 months. A total of 27 Caucasian patients were included in the present study. The median age of patients was 41 years, ranging between 20 and 69 years. Results: A re-pigmentation occurred in 16 cases (59%) with a reduction of the Vitiligo Extent Score (VES) and absence of re-pigmentation in untreated areas. Performing a rank correlation between VES and re-pigmentation in the treated areas, we found that there was a significant correlation (p < 0.0001). The presence of progressive vitiligo (p = 0.1) and the anatomic areas (p = 0.1) did not influence the treatment. Untreated areas did not show any improvement of the depigmented lesions, except in one case (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: in this report, we show for the first time how PRP rich in monocytes, in combination with laser therapies, gives a long therapeutic response, which persists even after 10 months of follow-up.


Assuntos
Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Vitiligo , Adulto , Humanos , Lasers de Excimer , Monócitos , Projetos Piloto , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitiligo/terapia
3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34439311

RESUMO

The early detection of cutaneous melanoma, a potentially lethal cancer with rising incidence, is fundamental to increasing survival and therapeutic adjustment. In stages II-IV especially, additional indications for adjuvant therapy purposes after resection and for treatment of metastatic patients are urgently needed. We investigated whether the fatty acid (FA) and protein compositions of small extracellular vesicles (sEV) derived from the plasma of stage 0-I, II and III-IV melanoma patients (n = 38) could reflect disease stage. The subpopulation of sEV expressing CD81 EV marker (CD81sEV) was captured by an ad hoc immune affinity technique from plasma depleted of large EV. Biological macromolecules were investigated by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry in CD81sEV. A higher content of FA was detectable in patients with respect to healthy donors (HD). Moreover, a higher C18:0/C18:1 ratio, as a marker of cell membrane fluidity, distinguished early (stage 0-I) from late (III-IV) stages' CD81sEV. Proteomics detected increases in CD14, PON1, PON3 and APOA5 exclusively in stage II CD81sEV, and RAP1B was decreased in stage III-IV CD81sEV, in comparison to HD. Our results suggest that stage dependent alterations in CD81sEV' FA and protein composition may occur early after disease onset, strengthening the potential of circulating sEV as a source of discriminatory information for early diagnosis, prediction of metastatic behavior and following up of melanoma patients.

4.
An Bras Dermatol ; 96(5): 638-640, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275694

RESUMO

Neurofibromatosis type 1 still lacks established treatment options aimed at controlling the progression of neurofibromas as well as effective therapy for the neurogenic itch associated with the disease. We report the case of a 30-year-old Caucasian woman with type 1 neurofibromatosis coexisting with severe refractory atopic dermatitis. Dupilumab, a novel anti-IL-4 receptor alpha monoclonal antibody, the first biologic agent approved for atopic dermatitis, was the drug of choice in this case. We observed remission of atopic dermatitis and a remarkable reduction in the size and swelling of neurofibromas and in the related pruritus, that became evident after one month of treatment. After 18 months of therapy, no new neurofibromas were detected and preexistent lesions showed no increase in size. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that dupilumab, a potent anti-inflammatory drug, may have a positive effect on type 1 neurofibromatosis by stopping the progression of preexisting neurofibromas and the onset of new lesions.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Neurofibromatose 1 , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Dermatite Atópica/complicações , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-4 , Neurofibromatose 1/complicações , Neurofibromatose 1/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Ital J Dermatol Venerol ; 156(1): 89-91, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858126

RESUMO

Lentigo maligna (LM) is usually diagnosed in sun-damaged skin of elderly patients and a correct excision of the lesion determines a complete healing from the disease. LM is very rare in young patients and, for this reason, it can be commonly misdiagnosed. We describe the case of a locally recurrent LM in a 19-year-old male patient, which initially arose at the age of 17 years. In order to avoid diagnostic pitfalls, clinicians have to put more emphasis on diseases which previously were prerogative only of elderly patients and that now could begin to engage a younger age, according to climate and behavior changes.


Assuntos
Sarda Melanótica de Hutchinson , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Sarda Melanótica de Hutchinson/diagnóstico , Masculino , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
8.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(4)2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806169

RESUMO

Background: female androgenetic alopecia (FAGA) is a common cause of non-scarring alopecia in women, affecting approximately 40% of women by age 50, bearing a significant psychosocial burden on affected patients. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been widely investigated as a potential effective treatment for several dermatological conditions, including male androgenetic alopecia (MAGA). However, few studies have been conducted focusing on the use of PRP in FAGA. The aim of this review was to identify reports that investigated the use of PRP for the treatment of FAGA. Methods: Electronic databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from inception to September 2020 have been searched using different combinations of the following terms: "androgenetic alopecia," "FAGA," "female pattern hair loss," "platelet-rich fibrin," "platelet-rich plasma," and "PRP". Results and conclusions: Eight (n = 8) clinical studies consistent with our research were identified. A total of 197 subjects has been enrolled in the included studies. All of them were adult female patients (mean age: 38.9) affected by female pattern hair loss. PRP is a well-tolerated procedure which showed promising results in males-only and mixed populations of AGA patients. PRP showed to produce high levels of satisfaction and improvement in the quality of life in patients affected by FAGA. In the light of this evidence, PRP may be proposed in patients who did not respond or did not tolerate topical minoxidil, as well as in combination with topical and oral treatments.


Assuntos
Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Alopecia/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Minoxidil , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Toxicology ; 453: 152724, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610611

RESUMO

Snakebites in Europe are mostly due to bites from Viperidae species of the genus Vipera. This represents a neglected public health hazard with poorly defined incidence, morbidity and mortality. In Europe, fourteen species of "true vipers" (subfamily Viperinae) are present, eleven of which belong to the genus Vipera. Amongst these, the main medically relevant species due to their greater diffusion across Europe and the highest number of registered snakebites are six, namely: Vipera ammodytes, V. aspis, V. berus, V. latastei, V. seoanei and V. ursinii. Generally speaking, viper venom composition is characterised by many different toxin families, like phospholipases A2, snake venom serine proteases, snake venom metalloproteases, cysteine-rich secretory proteins, C-type lectins, disintegrins, haemorrhagic factors and coagulation inhibitors. A suspected snakebite is often associated with severe pain, erythema, oedema and, subsequently, the onset of an ecchymotic area around one or two visible fang marks. In the field, the affected limb should be immobilised and mildly compressed with a bandage, which can then be removed once the patient is being treated in hospital. The clinician should advise the patient to remain calm to reduce blood circulation and, therefore, decrease the spread of the toxins. In the case of pain, an analgesic therapy can be administered, the affected area can be treated with hydrogen peroxide or clean water. However, anti-inflammatory drugs and disinfection with alcohol or alcoholic substances should be avoided. For each patient, clinical chemistry and ECG are always a pre-requisite as well as the evaluation of the tetanus immunisation status and for which immunisation may be provided if needed. The treatment of any clinical complication, due to the envenomation, does not differ from treatments of emergency nature. Antivenom is recommended when signs of systemic envenomation exist or in case of advanced local or systemic progressive symptoms. Recommendations for future work concludes. The aim of this review is to support clinicians for the clinical management of viper envenomation, through taxonomic keys for main species identification, description of venom composition and mode of action of known toxins and provide a standardised clinical protocol and antivenom administration.


Assuntos
Antivenenos/uso terapêutico , Mordeduras de Serpentes/classificação , Mordeduras de Serpentes/tratamento farmacológico , Venenos de Víboras/classificação , Venenos de Víboras/toxicidade , Viperidae/classificação , Animais , Classificação/métodos , Gerenciamento Clínico , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Humanos , Mordeduras de Serpentes/epidemiologia
11.
Biomedicines ; 9(2)2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33572373

RESUMO

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), a non-melanoma skin cancer, is a keratinocyte carcinoma representing one of the most common cancers with an increasing incidence. cSCC could be in situ (e.g., Bowen's disease) or an invasive form. A significant cSCC risk factor is advanced age, together with cumulative sun exposure, fair skin, prolonged immunosuppression, and previous skin cancer diagnoses. Although most cSCCs can be treated by surgery, a fraction of them recur and metastasize, leading to death. cSCC could arise de novo or be the result of a progression of the actinic keratosis, an in situ carcinoma. The multistage process of cSCC development and progression is characterized by mutations in the genes involved in epidermal homeostasis and by several alterations, such as epigenetic modifications, viral infections, or microenvironmental changes. Thus, cSCC development is a gradual process with several histological- and pathological-defined stages. Dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy enhanced the diagnostic accuracy of cSCC. Surgical excision is the first-line treatment for invasive cSCC. Moreover, radiotherapy may be considered as a primary treatment in patients not candidates for surgery. Extensive studies of cSCC pathogenic mechanisms identified several pharmaceutical targets and allowed the development of new systemic therapies, including immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors, such as Cemiplimab, and epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors for metastatic and locally advanced cSCC. Furthermore, the implementation of prevention measures has been useful in patient management.

17.
Immunotherapy ; 12(16): 1173-1181, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892673

RESUMO

Background: Omalizumab is not considered a disease-modifying drug and, accordingly, a large proportion of patients experience a relapse following withdrawal from treatment. Patients & methods: A total of 42 patients who underwent at least one cycle of treatment with omalizumab were enrolled. Two groups of relapsed and not-relapsed subjects were compared. Then, patients were divided into subgroups. Results: Female patients relapse more frequently than male subjects. Patients who relapsed complained a long duration of disease, while patients who did not relapse had short a history of disease. Very early responders are thought to have a high recurrence rate. Basal IgE levels were increased in early responders and cholesterol levels were high in very early responders, who relapse following withdrawal from omalizumab. High D-dimer levels were observed in late responders. Conclusion: The identification of clinical and serological predictors will play a pivotal role in the future management of patients treated with omalizumab.

19.
Int J Dermatol ; 59(11): 1371-1380, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Amelanotic and hypomelanotic melanoma (AHM) has a higher risk of delayed diagnosis and a significant lower 5-year melanoma-specific survival compared to pigmented melanoma. Our aim was the evaluation of the clinicopathological/dermoscopic features of amelanotic melanoma (AM) and hypomelanotic melanoma (HM). METHODS: All participants had a personal history of AHM. We defined HM as showing clinical/dermoscopic pigmentation in < 25% of the lesion's surface and histopathological focal pigmentation, while AM as melanomas with clinical/dermoscopic and histopathological absence of pigmentation. RESULTS: The most common phenotypic traits among the 145 AHM patients were as follows: phototype II, blue-grey eyes, and dark brown hair. Red hair was present in 23.8% AHM cases (AM = 22.60%; HM = 25.80%). The most affected area was the back (29.5%). A total of 67.1% were classified as AM and 32.9% as HM. The most represented hair colors in AM and HM were, respectively, blonde and dark brown hair. Median Breslow thickness was 1.7 mm, superficial spreading melanoma (SSM) and nodular melanoma (NM) were the most represented histotypes, and mitotic rate > 1 × mm2 was reported in 73.3% cases, and regression was significantly more present in HM. Dermoscopy showed high prevalence of white structureless zones (63.4%), linear looped vessels (58.8%), linear irregular vessels (50.0%), and arborizing vessels (47.2%). Multivariate logistic regression confirmed the association between the presence of pigmentation and the following: histological regression, dermoscopic globules, and arborizing vessels. CONCLUSIONS: Predominance of red hair in AHM patients was not confirmed. AHM affects mostly intermittent sun-exposed body areas. The deeper median Breslow thickness (versus pigmented melanoma), the association of AM with the nodular histotype, and the high mitotic rate highlight the AHM's aggressiveness. HM's higher levels of regression can be explained by the presence of pigmentation, driving the underlying immune response. AHM showed a polymorphous vascular pattern and significant presence of arborizing vessels (especially HM).


Assuntos
Melanoma Amelanótico , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Dermoscopia , Cor de Olho , Humanos , Melanoma Amelanótico/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...