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1.
Dermatol Ther ; : e14514, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166029

RESUMO

The skin is the most common organ of involvement during the course of lupus erythematosus (LE). The literature data concerning the dermatoscopic patterns of the different clinical variants of cutaneous LE (CLE), namely chronic (CCLE), subacute (SCLE), and acute (ACLE), are scarce. To determine the dermatoscopic spectrum of CLE and to correlate the dermatoscopic features with the histological findings. This was a retrospective, observational, multicenter, cohort study. We evaluated the dermatoscopic features in a cohort of patients diagnosed with CLE. Furthermore, we investigated their frequency per clinical subtype and correlated them with the anatomic alterations. We included 79 patients. The most prevalent dermatoscopic features of CCLE included follicular plugs (86.4%, P < .01), patchy distribution (75%, P = .1) of mostly linear curved vessels (56.8%, P = .8), white scales (68.2%, P < .01), and structureless white color (68.2%, P < .01). The most common criteria of SCLE were patchy distribution (90%, P = .1) of mostly linear curved vessels (53.3%, P = .8) and fine white scales (60%, P < .01), while ACLE was characterized by erythema (100%, P < .05) and patchy distribution (100%, P = .1) of mostly dotted vessels (60%, P = .4). Follicular plugs/rosettes in dermatoscopy strongly correlated with follicular plugs in histology (rho = 0.919). Hyperkeratosis significantly correlated with white (rho = 0.644) and yellow/brown scales (rho = 0.225), telangiectasia with linear curved vessels (rho = 0.321) and white color with dermal fibrosis (rho = 0.623). Depending on CLE subtype, distinct dermatoscopic patterns are recognized. In CLE there is a high correlation between certain dermatoscopic criteria and the underneath anatomic alteration.

2.
Dermatol Ther ; : e14414, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064345

RESUMO

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer in white skin individuals. The treatment of choice is surgical excision, but several other therapeutic choices are available and might also be efficient and cost-effective in selected cases of low-risk BCC or when surgery is complicate or contraindicated. The aim of the current study was to analyze the applied treatments for BCC in the real-life practice of a tertiary hospital, and investigate factors associated to the tumor and the patients that might influence the treatment selection of clinicians. Data on all BCCs treated from 1st January 2018 to 31st December 2019 were extracted. A total of 751 BCCs from 585 patients were included. The baseline characteristics of patients and tumors, the type of applied treatment and the histopathologic report when available were analyzed. Most tumors were located on the head/neck (64.2%). The most frequently applied treatment was surgical excision (580/751, 77.2%). In 22.8% of tumors a nonsurgical treatment was selected. The most frequently selected alternative treatments were, imiquimod, cryosurgery, their combination (immunocryosurgery), and vismodegib. A pretreatment diagnosis of superficial BCC was associated with a 12-fold increased probability of selecting a nonsurgical treatment except of vismodegib. Every added year of age increased the probability of selecting a nonsurgical treatment by 3-fold. Every added mm of diameter increased the possibility of vismodegib use by 4%. Surgery is the most frequently applied BCC treatment, but nonsurgical modalities do also have an essential role in real settings.

3.
J Dermatolog Treat ; : 1-4, 2020 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783678

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The increasing number of elderly psoriatic patients presents a challenge for dermatologists. Biologicals and small-molecule inhibitors in the general population have demonstrated a sufficient efficacy and safety profile; yet, studies about their use in the geriatric population are lacking. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of biological and apremilast among psoriatic patients ≥65 years old. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical records of patients over 65 years old receiving biological drugs or apremilast were retrospectively reviewed. Efficacy was evaluated using Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score at treatment onset and weeks 12, 24, 52 and 3 years. Adverse events were also recorded. RESULTS: A total of 154 patients with a mean age of 70.7 ± 6.3 years-old were included in our study. Secukinumab, ustekinumab and brodalumab showed fast-acting results, while the sustained efficacy of secukinumab, ustekinumab, infliximab, adalimumab and brodalumab was also notable. Overall, 30 out of 154 (19.5%) patients reported side effects. Lower respiratory system infections (n = 6; 3.9%) and hepatic enzyme elevation (n = 6; 3.9%) were the most frequently observed events. CONCLUSIONS: Biologicals and apremilast demonstrate adequate efficacy in elderly psoriatic patients. Incidence and severity of reported adverse events were similar to those reported among patients of younger age in relevant clinical studies.

5.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Even with the addition of dermoscopy, a significant morphologic overlap exists between irritated seborrheic keratosis (ISK) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the dermoscopic criteria that could serve as potent predictors for the differential diagnosis between ISK and SCC. METHODS: Dermoscopic images of histopathologically diagnosed ISKs and SCCs were evaluated by 3 independent investigators for the presence of predefined criteria. RESULTS: A total of 104 SCCs and 61 ISKs were included. The main dermoscopic predictors of SCC were dotted vessels (odds ratio [OR], 10.4), branched linear vessels (OR, 5.30), white structureless areas (OR, 6.78), white circles surrounding follicles (OR, 23.45), a diffuse irregular (OR, 2.55) or peripheral (OR, 2.8) vessel arrangement, and a central scale arrangement (OR, 3.35). Dermoscopic predictors of ISK were hairpin vessels (OR, 0.38), a diffuse regular vessel arrangement (OR, 0.39 and OR, 0.36), and white halos surrounding vessels covering more than 10% of the lesion (OR, 0.29 and OR, 0.12). LIMITATIONS: First, the retrospective design of the study; second, the differential diagnosis included in the study was restricted to ISK and SCC. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed the significant morphologic overlap between ISK and SCC, but we also identified potent predictors for the differential diagnosis between these 2 entities.

6.
Dermatol Pract Concept ; 6(4): 7-12, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27867739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biologic agents are routinely used in the treatment of severe psoriasis. The evaluation of treatment response is mainly based on the physician's global clinical assessment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether dermoscopy might enhance the assessment of response of psoriasis to treatment with biologic agents. METHODS: Patients with severe psoriasis scheduled to receive a biologic agent were enrolled in the study. A target lesion from each patient was clinically and dermoscopically documented at baseline and after one, two and six months. The clinical response was evaluated by the recruiting clinicians at all visits, while dermoscopic images were evaluated by two independent investigators, blinded to the clinical information. Chi Square test was used for cross-tabulation comparisons, while odds ratios, 95% confidence intervals and p values were calculated using univariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Overall, there was a significant correlation between clinical response and vessel distribution at all time points: a regular vessel distribution correlated with no response, a clustered distribution with partial response, and the dermoscopic absence of vessels with complete response. The presence of dermoscopic hemorrhagic dots was a potent predictor of favorable clinical response at the subsequent visit at all time points. Among lesions initially clinically responding and later recurring, 87.5% displayed dermoscopic dotted vessels despite the macroscopic remission. CONCLUSION: Dermoscopy might be a useful additional tool for evaluating the response of psoriatic patients to biologic agents. Hemorrhagic dots represent an early predictor of clinical response, while the persistence or reappearance of dotted vessels might predict clinical persistence or recurrence, respectively.

7.
Psychooncology ; 22(9): 2009-15, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23359412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric manifestations and personality traits are known to influence cancer patients. We aimed to assess psychological distress symptoms, psychosocial factors and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in cancer of unknown primary site (CUP) and to test whether these parameters differ between CUP and Metastatic (MKPC) or Non-Metastatic Known Primary Cancers (N-MKPC) after controlling for demographics and clinical variables. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we recruited 50 CUP, 264 N-MKPC and 52 MKPC participants. We assessed depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression [CES-D]), psychological distress symptoms (Symptom Distress Checklist-90 Revised), sense of coherence (SOC), ego defense mechanisms (Life Style Index) and HRQoL (World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument, Short Form). RESULTS: The prevalence of clinically significant depressive symptoms (CES-D ≥ 23) was 40.0% in CUP, 28.8% in MKPC and 23.5% N-MKPC (p=0.037). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that N-MKPC patients were 5 times less likely (p=0.028) and MKPC patients 3.3 times less likely (p=0.05) to be assessed with probable depression compared with CUP patients after controlling for the major demographic and clinical variables studied. CUP patients presented also higher levels of somatization, anxiety and depressive symptoms; they also had more impaired Physical (p=0.005), Mental (p=0.041) and Social Relations (p=0.044) HRQoL, along with lower scores on SOC and intellectualization defense and higher scores on repression defense, compared with MKPC and N-MKPC patients. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that psychiatric manifestations are frequent in CUP, and the patients' resources to cope with the burden of their illness are limited. Attention to CUP patients' psychological distress and coping resources and capacities may enable oncologists to identify and manage modifiable aspects of HRQoL.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/psicologia , Personalidade , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias Colorretais/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Mecanismos de Defesa , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Senso de Coerência
8.
J Psychosom Res ; 72(2): 120-8, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22281453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The effect of age on psychological distress remains controversial and it is unclear how a chronic medical illness influences this association. We aimed to compare the level of psychological distress between younger and older patients with chronic medical conditions attending hospital specialty clinics and to test whether a different pattern emerges when comparisons with individuals without long-term conditions are made. METHODS: In 519 individuals without chronic medical conditions and 949 patients with established severe chronic medical illnesses, we compared psychological distress (GHQ-28 and SCL-90R) between younger (<65, N=1040) and older (≥65, N=428) participants after controlling for gender, marital status, education and primary diagnosis in multiple logistic regression models. RESULTS: Among the healthy participants, a greater proportion of older individuals presented mild/moderate psychological distress (p=.026), predominantly depressive and somatization symptoms. Among the medical patients, both age groups presented elevated levels of psychological distress, but a greater proportion of younger patients had severe psychological distress (p=.016), predominantly depressive, anxiety and hostility symptoms. Younger patients reported similarly high levels of somatization symptoms compared to older patients. The odds of being assessed with severe psychological distress were significantly greater for younger individuals with physical illnesses, independently of gender, marital status, education and primary diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Medical patients from both age groups had significant psychological distress symptoms scores. Younger patients with chronic medical illnesses were more vulnerable to severe psychological distress, including symptoms of anxiety, depression, hostility and somatization. Therefore, clinicians should direct efforts to recognize these symptoms in order to prevent further functional impairment.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Transtornos Somatoformes/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transtornos Somatoformes/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários
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