Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 13 de 13
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











Intervalo de ano
1.
Cardiovasc Ultrasound ; 17(1): 7, 2019 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31010431

RESUMO

Echocardiography is the most commonly applied technique for non-invasive assessment of cardiac function in small animals. Manual tracing of endocardial borders is time consuming and varies with operator experience. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate a novel automated two-dimensional software algorithm (Auto2DE) for small animals and compare it to the standard use of manual 2D-echocardiographic assessment (2DE). We hypothesized that novel Auto2DE will provide rapid and robust data sets, which are in agreement with manually assessed data of animals.2DE and Auto2DE were carried out using a high-resolution imaging-system for small animals. First, validation cohorts of mouse and rat cine loops were used to compare Auto2DE against 2DE. These data were stratified for image quality by a blinded expert in small animal imaging. Second, we evaluated 2DE and Auto2DE in four mouse models and four rat models with different cardiac pathologies.Automated assessment of LV function by 2DE was faster than conventional 2DE analysis and independent of operator experience levels. The accuracy of Auto2DE-assessed data in healthy mice was dependent on cine loop quality, with excellent agreement between Auto2DE and 2DE in cine loops with adequate quality. Auto2DE allowed for valid detection of impaired cardiac function in animal models with pronounced cardiac phenotypes, but yielded poor performance in diabetic animal models independent of image quality.Auto2DE represents a novel automated analysis tool for rapid assessment of LV function, which is suitable for data acquisition in studies with good and very good echocardiographic image quality, but presents systematic problems in specific pathologies.

2.
FASEB J ; : fj201701408R, 2018 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29863913

RESUMO

Regulatory T (Treg) cells offer new therapeutic options for controlling undesired systemic and local immune responses. The aim of the current study was to determine the impact of therapeutic Treg administration on systemic and cardiac inflammation and remodeling in coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) -induced myocarditis. Therefore, syngeneic Treg cells were applied intravenously in CVB3-infected mice 3 d after infection. Compared with CVB3 + PBS mice, CVB3 + Treg mice exhibited lower left ventricular (LV) chemokine expression, accompanied by reduced cardiac presence of proinflammatory Ly6ChighCCR2highCx3Cr1low monocytes and higher retention of proinflammatory Ly6CmidCCR2highCx3Cr1low monocytes in the spleen. In addition, splenic myelopoiesis was reduced in CVB3 + Treg compared with CVB3 + PBS mice. Coculture of Treg cells with splenocytes isolated from mice 3 d post-CVB3 infection further demonstrated the ability of Treg cells to modulate monocyte differentiation in favor of the anti-inflammatory Ly6ClowCCR2lowCx3Cr1high subset. Treg-mediated immunomodulation was paralleled by lower collagen 1 protein expression and decreased levels of soluble and insoluble collagen in LV of CVB3 + Treg compared with CVB3 + PBS mice. In agreement with these findings, LV systolic and diastolic function was improved in CVB3 + Treg mice compared with CVB3 + PBS mice. In summary, adoptive Treg transfer in the inflammatory phase of viral-induced myocarditis protects the heart against inflammatory damage and fibrosis via modulation of monocyte subsets.-Pappritz, K., Savvatis, K., Miteva, K., Kerim, B., Dong, F., Fechner, H., Müller, I., Brandt, C., Lopez, B., González, A., Ravassa, S., Klingel, K., Diez, J., Reinke, P., Volk, H.-D., Van Linthout, S., Tschöpe, C. Immunomodulation by adoptive regulatory T-cell transfer improves Coxsackievirus B3-induced myocarditis.

3.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 5575, 2018 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29615815

RESUMO

Cardiac fibroblasts play an important role in the regulation of the extracellular matrix and are newly recognized as inflammatory supporter cells. Interferon (IFN)-γ is known to counteract transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1-induced myofibroblast differentiation. This study aims at investigating in vitro how IFN-γ affects TGF-ß1-induced monocyte attraction. Therefore, C4 fibroblasts and fibroblasts obtained by outgrowth culture from the left ventricle (LV) of male C57BL6/j mice were stimulated with TGF-ß1, IFN-γ and TGF-ß1 + IFN-γ. Confirming previous studies, IFN-γ decreased the TGF-ß1-induced myofibroblast differentiation, as obviated by lower collagen I, III, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), lysyl oxidase (Lox)-1 and lysyl oxidase-like (LoxL)-2 levels in TGF-ß1 + IFN-γ- versus TGF-ß1-stimulated cardiac fibroblasts. TGF-ß1 + IFN-γ-stimulated C4 and cardiac fibroblasts displayed a higher CC-chemokine ligand (CCL) 2, CCL7 and chemokine C-X3-C motif ligand (Cx3CL1) release versus sole TGF-ß1-stimulated fibroblasts. Analysis of migrated monocyte subsets towards the different conditioned media further revealed that sole TGF-ß1- and IFN-γ-conditioned media particularly attracted Ly6Clow and Ly6Chigh monocytes, respectively, as compared to control media. In line with theses findings, TGF-ß1 + IFN-γ-conditioned media led to a lower Ly6Clow/Ly6Chigh monocyte migration ratio compared to sole TGF-ß1 treatment. These differences in monocyte migration reflect the complex interplay of pro-inflammatory cytokines and pro-fibrotic factors in cardiac remodelling and inflammation.

4.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 2820, 2018 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29434214

RESUMO

Inflammation in myocarditis induces cardiac injury and triggers disease progression to heart failure. NLRP3 inflammasome activation is a newly identified amplifying step in the pathogenesis of myocarditis. We previously have demonstrated that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are cardioprotective in Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced myocarditis. In this study, MSC markedly inhibited left ventricular (LV) NOD2, NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, IL-1ß, and IL-18 mRNA expression in CVB3-infected mice. ASC protein expression, essential for NLRP3 inflammasome assembly, increased upon CVB3 infection and was abrogated in MSC-treated mice. Concomitantly, CVB3 infection in vitro induced NOD2 expression, NLRP3 inflammasome activation and IL-1ß secretion in HL-1 cells, which was abolished after MSC supplementation. The inhibitory effect of MSC on NLRP3 inflammasome activity in HL-1 cells was partly mediated via secretion of the anti-oxidative protein stanniocalcin-1. Furthermore, MSC application in CVB3-infected mice reduced the percentage of NOD2-, ASC-, p10- and/or IL-1ß-positive splenic macrophages, natural killer cells, and dendritic cells. The suppressive effect of MSC on inflammasome activation was associated with normalized expression of prominent regulators of myocardial contractility and fibrosis to levels comparable to control mice. In conclusion, MSC treatment in myocarditis could be a promising strategy limiting the adverse consequences of cardiac and systemic NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

5.
Circ Heart Fail ; 10(11)2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29158436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The alarmins S100A8 and S100A9 are damage-associated molecular patterns, which play a pivotal role in cardiovascular diseases, inflammation, and viral infections. We aimed to investigate their role in Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced myocarditis. METHODS AND RESULTS: S100A8 and S100A9 mRNA expression was 13.0-fold (P=0.012) and 5.1-fold (P=0.038) higher in endomyocardial biopsies from patients with CVB3-positive myocarditis compared with controls, respectively. Elimination of CVB3 led to a downregulation of these alarmins. CVB3-infected mice developed an impaired left ventricular function and displayed an increased left ventricular S100A8 and S100A9 protein expression versus controls. In contrast, CVB3-infected S100A9 knockout mice, which are also a complete knockout for S100A8 on protein level, showed an improved left ventricular function, which was associated with a reduced cardiac inflammatory and oxidative response, and lower CVB3 copy number compared with wild-type CVB3 mice. Exogenous application of S100A8 to S100A9 knockout CVB3 mice induced a severe myocarditis similar to wild-type CVB3 mice. In CVB3-infected HL-1 cells, S100A8 and S100A9 enhanced oxidative stress and CVB3 copy number compared with unstimulated infected cells. In CVB3-infected RAW macrophages, both alarmins increased MIP-2 (macrophage inflammatory protein-2) chemokine expression, which was reduced in CVB3 S100A8 knockdown versus scrambled siRNA CVB3 cells. CONCLUSIONS: S100A8 and S100A9 aggravate CVB3-induced myocarditis and might serve as therapeutic targets in inflammatory cardiomyopathies.


Assuntos
Calgranulina A/metabolismo , Calgranulina B/metabolismo , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/metabolismo , Enterovirus Humano B/patogenicidade , Miocardite/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Adulto , Animais , Calgranulina A/deficiência , Calgranulina A/genética , Calgranulina B/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Quimiocina CXCL2/metabolismo , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/genética , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/virologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Enterovirus Humano B/genética , Feminino , Fibrose , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/virologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/genética , Miocardite/virologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/virologia , Infiltração de Neutrófilos , Estresse Oxidativo , Células RAW 264.7 , Interferência de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transfecção , Função Ventricular Esquerda
6.
Stem Cells Transl Med ; 6(12): 2135-2145, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29024485

RESUMO

Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is among others attributed to cardiomyocyte stiffness. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have cardiac-protective properties. We explored whether intravenous (i.v.) application of PLacenta-eXpanded (PLX) MSC-like cells (PLX) improves LV diastolic relaxation in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice and investigated underlying mechanisms. Diabetes mellitus was induced by STZ application (50 mg/kg body weight) during five subsequent days. One week after the first STZ injection, PLX or saline were i.v. applied. Two weeks later, mice were hemodynamically characterized and sacrificed. At this early stage of diabetic cardiomyopathy with low-grade inflammation and no cardiac fibrosis, PLX reduced LV vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, transforming growth factor-ß1, and interferon-γ mRNA expression, induced the percentage of circulating regulatory T cells, and decreased the splenic pro-fibrotic potential in STZ mice. STZ + PLX mice exhibited higher LV vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA expression and arteriole density versus STZ mice. In vitro, hyperglycemic PLX conditioned medium restored the hyperglycemia-impaired tube formation and adhesion capacity of human umbelical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) via increasing nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. PLX further induced the diabetes-downregulated activity of the NO downstream protein kinase G, as well as of protein kinase A, in STZ mice, which was associated with a raise in phosphorylation of the titin isoforms N2BA and N2B. Concomitantly, the passive force was lower in single isolated cardiomyocytes from STZ + PLX versus from STZ mice, which led to an improvement of LV diastolic relaxation. We conclude that i.v. PLX injection improves diabetes mellitus-associated diastolic performance via decreasing cardiomyocyte stiffness. Stem Cells Translational Medicine 2017;6:2135-2145.

7.
Circ Heart Fail ; 10(9)2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28912259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cytoplasmatic pattern recognition receptor, NOD2 (nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2), belongs to the innate immune system and is among others responsible for the recognition of single-stranded RNA. With Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) being a single-stranded RNA virus, and the recent evidence that the NOD2 target, NLRP3 (NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3) is of importance in the pathogenesis of CVB3-induced myocarditis, we aimed to unravel the role of NOD2 in CVB3-induced myocarditis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Endomyocardial biopsy NOD2 mRNA expression was higher in CVB3-positive patients compared with patients with myocarditis but without evidence of persistent CVB3 infection. Left ventricular NOD2 mRNA expression was also induced in CVB3-induced myocarditis versus healthy control mice. NOD2 knockdown(-/-) mice were rescued from the detrimental CVB3-mediated effects as shown by a reduced cardiac inflammation (less cardiac infiltrates and suppression of proinflammatory cytokines), cardiac fibrosis, apoptosis, lower CAR (Coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor) expression and CVB3 copy number, and an improved left ventricular function in NOD2-/- CVB3 mice compared with wild-type CVB3 mice. In agreement, NOD2-/- decreased the CVB3-induced inflammatory response, CVB3 copy number, and apoptosis in vitro. NOD2-/- was further associated with a reduction in CVB3-induced NLRP3 expression and activity as evidenced by lower ASC (apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD) expression, caspase 1 activity, or IL-1ß (interleukin-1ß) protein expression under in vivo and in vitro CVB3 conditions. CONCLUSIONS: NOD2 is an important mediator in the viral uptake and inflammatory response during the pathogenesis of CVB3 myocarditis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coxsackievirus/metabolismo , Enterovirus Humano B/metabolismo , Miocardite/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Sinalização CARD , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/virologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Enterovirus Humano B/genética , Enterovirus Humano B/imunologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Miocardite/imunologia , Miocardite/prevenção & controle , Miocardite/virologia , Miocárdio/imunologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/deficiência , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/genética , Fenótipo , Interferência de RNA , Transdução de Sinais , Transfecção , Regulação para Cima
8.
PLoS One ; 12(8): e0182643, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28800592

RESUMO

Studies on inflammatory disorders elucidated the pivotal role of the CX3CL1/CX3CR1 axis with respect to the pathophysiology and diseases progression. Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced myocarditis is associated with severe cardiac inflammation, which may progress to heart failure. We therefore investigated the influence of CX3CR1 ablation in the model of acute myocarditis, which was induced by inoculation with 5x105 plaque forming units of CVB3 (Nancy strain) in either CX3CR1-/- or C57BL6/j (WT) mice. Seven days after infection, myocardial inflammation, remodeling, and titin expression and phosphorylation were examined by immunohistochemistry, real-time PCR and Pro-Q diamond stain. Cardiac function was assessed by tip catheter. Compared to WT CVB3 mice, CX3CR1-/- CVB3 mice exhibited enhanced left ventricular expression of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, which was associated with an increase of immune cell infiltration/presence. This shift towards a pro-inflammatory immune response further resulted in increased cardiac fibrosis and cardiomyocyte apoptosis, which was reflected by an impaired cardiac function in CX3CR1-/- CVB3 compared to WT CVB3 mice. These findings demonstrate a cardioprotective role of CX3CR1 in CVB3-infected mice and indicate the relevance of the CX3CL1/CX3CR1 system in CVB3-induced myocarditis.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CX3CL1/imunologia , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/genética , Enterovirus Humano B/patogenicidade , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Miocardite/genética , Receptores de Quimiocinas/imunologia , Animais , Apoptose , Receptor 1 de Quimiocina CX3C , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/imunologia , Quimiocina CX3CL1/genética , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/patologia , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/virologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Enterovirus Humano B/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Testes de Função Cardíaca , Humanos , Interleucinas/genética , Interleucinas/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Miocardite/imunologia , Miocardite/patologia , Miocardite/virologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/imunologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Fosforilação , Proteínas Quinases/genética , Proteínas Quinases/imunologia , Receptores de Quimiocinas/deficiência , Receptores de Quimiocinas/genética
9.
Stem Cells Transl Med ; 6(4): 1249-1261, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28186704

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) application in Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced myocarditis reduces myocardial inflammation and fibrosis, exerts prominent extra-cardiac immunomodulation, and improves heart function. Although the abovementioned findings demonstrate the benefit of MSC application, the mechanism of the MSC immunomodulatory effects leading to a final cardioprotective outcome in viral myocarditis remains poorly understood. Monocytes are known to be a trigger of myocardial tissue inflammation. The present study aims at investigating the direct effect of MSC on the mobilization and trafficking of monocytes to the heart in CVB3-induced myocarditis. One day post CVB3 infection, C57BL/6 mice were intravenously injected with 1 x 106 MSC and sacrificed 6 days later for molecular biology and flow cytometry analysis. MSC application reduced the severity of myocarditis, and heart and blood pro-inflammatory Ly6Chigh and Ly6Cmiddle monocytes, while those were retained in the spleen. Anti-inflammatory Ly6Clow monocytes increased in the blood, heart, and spleen of MSC-treated CVB3 mice. CVB3 infection induced splenic myelopoiesis, while MSC application slightly diminished the spleen myelopoietic activity in CVB3 mice. Left ventricular (LV) mRNA expression of the chemokines monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP)-1, MCP-3, CCL5, the adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6, interleukin-12, tumor necrosis factor-α, the pro-fibrotic transforming growth factorß1, and circulating MCP-1 and MCP-3 levels decreased in CVB3 MSC mice, while LV stromal cell-derived factor-1α RNA expression and systemic levels of fractalkine were increased in CVB3 MSC mice. MSC application in CVB3-induced myocarditis modulates monocytes trafficking to the heart and could be a promising strategy for the resolution of cardiac inflammation and prevention of the disease progression. Stem Cells Translational Medicine 2017;6:1249-1261.

10.
Stem Cells Transl Med ; 5(12): 1707-1718, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27460853

RESUMO

: Cardiac-derived adherent proliferating cells (CardAPs) are cells derived from human endomyocardial biopsy specimens; they share several properties with mesenchymal stromal cells. The aims of this study were to evaluate whether intramyocardial injection of CardAPs modulates cardiac fibrosis and hypertrophy in a mouse model of angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced systolic heart failure and to analyze underlying mechanisms. Intramyocardial application of 200,000 CardAPs improved left ventricular function. This was paralleled by a decline in left ventricular remodeling, as indicated by a reduction in cardiac fibrosis and hypertrophy. CardAPs reduced the ratio of the left ventricle to body weight and cardiac myosin expression (heavy chain), and decreased the Ang II-induced phosphorylation state of the cardiomyocyte hypertrophy mediators Akt, extracellular-signal regulated kinase (ERK) 1, and ERK2. In accordance with the antifibrotic and antihypertrophic effects of CardAPs shown in vivo, CardAP supplementation with cardiac fibroblasts decreased the Ang II-induced reactive oxygen species production, α-SMA expression, fibroblast proliferation, and collagen production. Coculture of CardAPs with HL-1 cardiomyocytes downregulated the Ang II-induced expression of myosin in HL-1. All antifibrotic and antihypertrophic features of CardAPs were mediated in a nitric oxide- and interleukin (IL)-10-dependent manner. Moreover, CardAPs induced a systemic immunomodulation, as indicated by a decrease in the activity of splenic mononuclear cells and an increase in splenic CD4CD25FoxP3, CD4-IL-10, and CD8-IL-10 T-regulatory cells in Ang II mice. Concomitantly, splenocytes from Ang II CardAPs mice induced less collagen in fibroblasts compared with splenocytes from Ang II mice. We conclude that CardAPs improve Ang II-induced cardiac remodeling involving antifibrotic and antihypertrophic effects via paracrine actions and immunomodulatory properties. SIGNIFICANCE: Despite effective pharmacological treatment with angiotensin II type I receptor antagonists or angiotensin II-converting enzyme inhibitors, morbidity and mortality associated with heart failure are still substantial, prompting the search of novel therapeutic strategies. There is accumulating evidence supporting the use of cell therapy for cardiac repair. This study demonstrates that cells derived from human endomyocardial biopsies, cardiac-derived adherent proliferating cells (CardAPs), have the potential to reduce angiotensin II-induced cardiac remodeling and improve left ventricular function in angiotensin II mice. The mechanism involves antifibrotic and antihypertrophic effects via paracrine actions and immunomodulatory properties. These findings support the potential of CardAPs for the treatment of heart failure.


Assuntos
Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Remodelação Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Animais , Biópsia , Cardiomegalia/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdiferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno/metabolismo , Feminino , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/patologia , Fibrose , Humanos , Imunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Miofibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo , Miofibroblastos/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Estromais/citologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Basic Res Cardiol ; 109(6): 449, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25344085

RESUMO

Increased levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) have been observed in patients with acute myocarditis and are associated with poor prognosis. This study was designed to examine whether treatment with anti-IL-6 receptor antibody improves cardiac dysfunction and left ventricular (LV) remodeling in experimental Coxsackie virus B3 (CVB3)-induced myocarditis. C57BL6/J mice were subjected to acute CVB3 infection. One day after viral infection mice were treated with a single injection of an anti-IL-6 receptor antibody (MR16-1, tocilizumab) or control IgG. Seven days after viral infection, LV function was examined by conductance catheter technique, cardiac remodeling assessed by estimation of titin phosphorylation, cardiac fibrosis, and inflammatory and antiviral response by immunohistochemistry, RT-PCR and cell culture experiments. Compared to controls, infected mice displayed an impaired systolic and diastolic LV function associated with an increase in cardiac inflammation, fibrosis and impaired titin phosphorylation. IL-6 receptor blockade led to a shift of the immune response to a Th1 direction and significant reduction of viral load. In addition, cardiac immune response, extracellular matrix regulation and titin function improved, resulting in a preserved LV function. IL-6 receptor blockade exerts cardiac beneficial effects by antiviral and immunomodulatory actions after induction of an acute murine CVB3 virus myocarditis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Conectina/metabolismo , Miocardite/tratamento farmacológico , Miocardite/imunologia , Receptores de Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fosforilação
12.
Circ Heart Fail ; 7(1): 161-71, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24300243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CD4+ cells are implicated in the healing process after myocardial infarction (MI). We sought to investigate the role of interleukin-23 (IL-23) deficiency, a cytokine important in differentiation of CD4+ cells, in scar formation of the ischemic heart. METHODS AND RESULTS: MI was performed in wild-type and IL23p19-/- mice. Thirty-day mortality, hemodynamic function 4 days after MI and myocardial inflammation, and remodeling 4 and 30 days after MI were examined. Differentiation of fibroblasts from infarcted and noninfarcted hearts into myofibroblasts was examined under basal conditions and after stimulation with interferon-γ, IL-17α and IL-23. Interleukin-23p19-/- mice showed higher expression of proinflammatory cytokines and immune cell infiltration in the scar early after MI compared with wild-type mice. A stronger interferon-γ/Th1 reaction seemed to be responsible for the increased inflammation under IL-23 deficiency. Expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen I and III was significantly higher in the heart tissue and isolated cardiac fibroblasts 4 days after MI in the wild-type mice. Interleukin-23p19-/- mice showed impaired healing compared with wild-type mice, as seen by significantly higher mortality because of ventricular rupture (40% higher after 30 days) and stronger left ventricular dilation early after MI. Stimulation of cardiac fibroblasts with interferon-γ, the main Th1 cytokine, but not with IL-23 or IL-17α, led to a significant downregulation of α-smooth muscle actin, collagen I and III and decreased migration and differentiation to myofibroblasts. CONCLUSIONS: IL-23 deficiency leads to increased myocardial inflammation and decreased cardiac fibroblast activation, associated with impaired scar formation and adverse remodeling after MI.


Assuntos
Interleucina-23/deficiência , Interleucina-23/fisiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Cicatriz/patologia , Cicatriz/fisiopatologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/patologia , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Interleucina-17/farmacologia , Interleucina-23/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Prognóstico
13.
PLoS One ; 7(7): e41047, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22815907

RESUMO

Systemic application of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in inflammatory cardiomyopathy exerts cardiobeneficial effects. The mode of action is unclear since a sufficient and long-acting cardiac homing of MSCs is unlikely. We therefore investigated the regulation of the immune response in coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced acute myocarditis after intravenous application of MSCs. Wildtype mice were infected with CVB3 and treated with either PBS, human MSCs or human cardiac fibroblasts intravenously 1 day after infection. Seven days after infection, MSCs could be detected in the spleen, heart, pancreas, liver, lung and kidney, whereby the highest presence was observed in the lung. MSCs increased significantly the myocardial expression of HGF and decreased the expression of the proinflammatory cytokines TNFα, IL1ß and IL6 as well as the severity of myocarditis and ameliorated the left ventricular dysfunction measured by conductance catheter. MSCs upregulated the production of IFNγ in CD4+ and CD8+ cells, the number of IL10-producing regulatory T cells and the apoptosis rate of T cells in the spleen. An increased number of CD4+CD25+FoxP3 could be found in the spleen as well as in the circulation. In contrast, application of human cardiac fibroblasts had no effect on the severity of myocarditis and the systemic immune response observed after MSCs-administration. In conclusion, modulation of the immune response in extracardiac organs is associated with cardiobeneficial effects in experimental inflammatory cardiomyopathy after systemic application of MSCs.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos/citologia , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Miocardite/metabolismo , Animais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/citologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/citologia , Cardiomiopatias/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Sistema Imunitário , Hibridização In Situ , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Miocardite/imunologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA