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1.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 211(6): 1212-1220, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30247977

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is no consensus in the literature regarding the screening of hepatic nodules in patients who have undergone the Fontan procedure. The objectives of this study are to evaluate in this population the frequency of hepatic nodules at ultrasound (US), CT, and MRI; to measure liver stiffness using acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography; and to investigate predictive factors for hepatic nodules. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 49 patients who underwent the Fontan procedure were prospectively recruited from August 2014 through June 2016. These patients underwent clinical evaluation for hepatic disorders, ARFI elastography, US, CT, and MRI. RESULTS: Most of the patients had no symptoms, and hepatic nodules were detected in three of 49 (6.1%) patients at US, 14 of 44 (31.8%) patients at CT, and 19 of 48 (39.6%) patients at MRI. Liver stiffness at ARFI elastography was significantly higher in patients with hepatic nodules than in patients without such nodules (2.64 ± 0.81 m/s vs 1.94 ± 0.49 m/s; p = 0.002) and was a significant predictor of hepatic nodule (AUC, 0.767; p = 0.002). No clinical or laboratory data had any significant correlation with the existence of hepatic nodules, including time since Fontan procedure. CONCLUSION: In our study, more than one-third of patients had hepatic nodules at CT or MRI, but US did not detect most hepatic nodules. Liver stiffness at ARFI elastography was significantly higher in patients with hepatic nodules, and it may help guiding which patient should be further imaged with CT or MRI.

2.
Pancreas ; 45(9): 1330-5, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27253233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association between chronic pancreatitis and smoking or genetic mutations. METHODS: The study sample comprised 148 patients with chronic pancreatitis, 110 chronic alcoholic subjects without pancreatic disease, and 297 volunteer blood donors. RESULTS: Of the patients with chronic pancreatitis, 74% had alcoholic etiology and 26% had idiopathic pancreatitis. The frequency of smoking was 91.4% in patients with alcoholic pancreatitis, higher than 73.3% in alcoholic subjects without pancreatitis (P < 0.01). The difference in smoking frequency was not significant between the patients with idiopathic pancreatitis and blood donors. The N34S mutation of serine peptidase inhibitor, Kazal type 1 (SPINK1) was found in 2.7% of patients with chronic alcoholic pancreatitis, in 5.3% of patients with idiopathic pancreatitis, and in 0.4% of blood donors (P = 0.02). The P55S mutation of SPINK1 was found in 2.7% of patients with alcoholic pancreatitis and in 0.7% of blood donors (P = 0.12). The R254W mutation of chymotrypsin C was found in 0.9% of patients with alcoholic pancreatitis, in 0.9% of chronic alcoholic subjects without pancreatitis, and in 0.4% of blood donors (P = 0.75). In all cases, the mutations were heterozygous. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking and the N34S mutation of SPINK1 were positively correlated with chronic pancreatitis.


Assuntos
Pancreatite , Doença Crônica , Quimotripsina , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Mutação , Serina , Inibidor da Tripsina Pancreática de Kazal
3.
Virology ; 493: 136-41, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27035616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is often persistent and gradually advances from chronic hepatitis to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Worldwide, hepatocellular carcinoma is the fifth most common neoplasm. METHOD OF STUDY: the Interferon lambda (IFNL) polymorphisms genotypes (rs8099917, rs12979860 and rs12980275) and the presence of mutations in HCV core protein were analyzed in 59 patients with HCC, and also in 50 cirrhotic patients (without HCC). RESULTS: the rs12980275-AG genotype was associated with HCC on age-adjusted analysis (OR 2.42, 95% CI 1.03-5.69, P=0.043). Core substitutions R70Q and L91M were mainly found in genotype 1b isolates. Furthermore, a borderline level of statistical significance association was found among the presence of amino acid Glutamine (Q) in the position 70 and IFNL3 genotype AG (P=0.054). CONCLUSIONS: the screening of these polymorphisms and functional studies would be useful in clinical practice for identifying groups at high risk of HCC development.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Hepacivirus/genética , Antígenos da Hepatite C/genética , Interleucinas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Proteínas do Core Viral/genética , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Feminino , Fibrose/genética , Fibrose/virologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético
4.
BMC Med Imaging ; 15: 37, 2015 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26385342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abernethy malformation is a rare congenital vascular abnormality in which the portal vein bypasses the liver and drains directly into the inferior vena cava. Diagnosis is complex and requires good quality imaging methods to identify details in systemic and portal circulation in order to establish diagnostic confirmation and treatment strategy. In this study we highlight the significance of the use of CT scans and Color Doppler Duplex Ultrasound for the diagnosis, treatment and evolution assessment in two adults with Abernethy malformation. CASE PRESENTATION: The diagnosis and the treatment of two patients with Abernethy malformation by CT scan and Color Doppler Duplex Ultrasound is described. One patient was submitted to liver transplantation due to chronic liver disease and multiple nodules diagnosed as adenoma. The other patient had normal liver function and a mild neurological and psychomotor dysfunction, therefore we adopted clinical treatment and close liver parenchyma evaluation and nodule surveillance, using an imaging approach involving intercalating CT scan and Color Doppler Duplex Ultrasound every 6 months. We highlight some important direct and indirect findings of non-invasive imaging methods. CONCLUSION: Abernethy malformation requires meticulous image diagnosis to improve treatment and avoid iatrogenic procedures. CT scans and Color Doppler Duplex Ultrasound are both efficient methods for diagnosis, treatment planning and evolution assessment of patients with Abernethy malformation.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos , Malformações Vasculares/patologia , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Hepatopatias/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Malformações Vasculares/complicações , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 3(4): 260-4, 2015 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26807381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Schistosomiasis is a major chronic disease of humans in endemic regions, and infected individuals may develop a spectrum of pathology, including hepatic fibrosis, hepatosplenomegaly, and portal hypertension. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is considered the fifth most common cancer in the world, and there is limited and controversial evidence suggesting that Schistosoma mansoni infection may be a possible risk factor for HCC. The aim of this study was to report a case series of patients with HCC and S. mansoni infection and to conduct a literature review on the topic. METHODS: From January 2002 to January 2015, an institutional database was screened retrospectively to identify patients with HCC and S. mansoni infection at a single center in the Department of Gastroenterology of University of São Paulo School of Medicine and Hospital das Clínicas, Brazil. RESULTS: Seven cases were included. The mean age of patients was 62.1±10.3 years; six (85.7%) were male and one (14.3%) was female. All cases had positive epidemiology, coming from endemic areas of S. mansoni infection in Brazil, and four (57.1%) had previous complications (upper gastrointestinal bleeding) related to portal hypertension or surgery intervention (splenectomy) performed more than 10 years before the HCC diagnosis. Nontumoral portal vein thrombosis was identified in five (71.4%) patients. All patients had negative serology for HCV, and four (57.1%) had positivity of HBVcore antibodies without evidence of viral replication. According to BCLC staging, one (14.3%) patient was BCLC A and received TACE instead of RFA because HCC size was >30 mm; three (42.8%) BCLC B patients received sorafenib instead of local regional treatment due to the presence of nontumoral TPV. During follow-up, all patients developed tumoral progression and died. CONCLUSIONS: It remains unclear if S. mansoni infection alone has carcinogenic potential. The available literature indicates that S. Mansoni, in the presence of HBV and HCV infections, likely acts as a cofactor for the hepatic lesion and potentiates injury.

6.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 8(7): 2747-57, 2011 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21845156

RESUMO

In recent years many studies have examined the genetic predisposition to pancreatic diseases. Pancreatic disease of an alcoholic etiology was determined to be a multi-factorial disease, where environmental factors interact with the genetic profile of the individual. In this review we discuss the main results from studies examining the frequency of genetic mutations in alcoholic chronic pancreatitis.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo/complicações , Pancreatite Alcoólica/genética , Etanol/metabolismo , Etanol/toxicidade , Humanos , Mutação , Pancreatite Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Pancreatite Alcoólica/metabolismo
7.
Pancreatology ; 9(1-2): 173-81, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19077469

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pancreas susceptibility to alcohol is variable and only 5-10% of chronic alcohol abusers develop chronic pancreatitis; the role of genetic factors in this process is unknown. The CFTR gene encodes a protein that acts on epithelial cells and plays a key role in normal exocrine pancreatic function. METHODS: This study investigated the frequency of polymorphisms in intron 8 of the CFTR gene in patients with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. Three groups of patients were studied: group A - 68 adult alcoholics with a diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis; group B - 68 adult alcoholics without pancreatic disease or liver cirrhosis and group C - 104 healthy nonalcoholic adults. RESULTS: T5/T7 genotype was more frequent in group A (11.8%) than in group B (2.9%) (p = 0.0481), and there was no statistical difference when groups A and C (5.8%) were compared (p = 0.1317). The haplotype combination (TG)10-T7/(TG)11-T7 was more frequent in groups B (23.5%) and C (20.2%) than in group A (7.3%) (p = 0.0080 and 0.0162). CONCLUSION: There are differences when these three groups are compared and individuals with T5/T7 genotype might have a greater risk of developing chronic pancreatitis when they become chronic alcoholics.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo/genética , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/genética , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Pancreatite Alcoólica/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético
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