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1.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 138: 110309, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853874

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Having verified the true association between the Zika virus and the occurrence of microcephaly, studies were conducted to evaluate the effects of the infection on fetal development. Congenital Zika virus syndrome is a currently known condition but little addressed regarding speech, language, and hearing disorders in children. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of speech, language, and hearing disorders in children with congenital Zika virus syndrome. METHODS: This systematic review followed the PRISMA instructions and the Joanna Briggs Institute guidelines, and it was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42018111764). The databases consulted were Cochrane, SciELO, PubMed, LILACS, Scopus, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect. OpenGrey and OpenThesis were used to partially capture the "grey literature". Observational studies of children with microcephaly due to congenital Zika virus syndrome were included. The risk of bias was analyzed using the 2017 Joanna Briggs Institute. RESULTS: 707 records were obtained and, after excluding the duplicates, 644 studies remained. After applying the inclusion criteria, 24 articles were considered eligible. Children with congenital Zika virus syndrome presented abnormal persistence of primitive reflexes (94.7%), impaired cognitive development (95.1%), delayed neuropsychomotor development (between 92.8 and 100%), hypertonia (between 74.7% and 90.1%), impaired language development (between 68.42% and 100%), retrognathia (38.6%), craniofacial disproportion (between 32.9% and 95.8%), altered tongue frenulum (between 30% and 36.36%), the absence of stapedial reflexes (27.3%), dysphagia (between 14% and 88.9%), and hearing changes (between 5.8% and 68.42%). CONCLUSION: Children with congenital Zika virus syndrome may have speech, language, and hearing disorders such as hearing loss, dysphagia, alteration in the tongue frenulum, and delays in neuropsychomotor and language development.

2.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(5): e20190645, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to perform a systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative studies about the work-related quality of life of Family Health Strategy professionals. METHODS: this systematic review was developed to answer the following PVO question: "Which factors (variables) are associated with the work-related quality of life (outcome) of Family Health Strategy professionals (population)?" The PubMed, Scopus, Embase, SciELO, Web of Science, LILACS, Science Direct, OpenThesis, OpenGrey, and OATD databases were selected. The meta-synthesis analyzed the main codes and secondary codes of all included studies. RESULTS: the database search resulted in 1,744 reports; six were considered eligible for the meta-synthesis. Four factors were considered for the quality of work life: working conditions; work processes; interpersonal relationships; and personal aspects. CONCLUSIONS: although this study confirms the adequacy of aspects commonly related to the quality of work life, other factors are important in the case of FHS professionals, especially work context.

3.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; : 20200128, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32479117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To review the scientific literature of studies on dental age estimation methods applied to Brazilian children. METHODS: A systematic literature review was designed according to thePRISMA guidelines and registered in PROSPERO (CRD42020136170).Six scientific databases were used as primary search sources(PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, SciELO, Embase and Web of Science) and two databases (Open Grey and Open Thesis) were searchedto partially select the "grey literature". Only cross-sectional studies were included. The risk of bias was assessed by means of Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Tools for Systematic Reviews. The standardized mean difference (SMD) between the estimated dental and chronological ages was meta-analyzed viaa random effects model. RESULTS: The search resulted in2,527 studies, from which 13 met the eligibility criteria. Out of the eligible studies, 76.92% had low risk of bias and high methodological quality. Ten studies provided proper information to be included in the meta-analysis.Themethods and their SMD between estimated and chronological ages were: Willems'=0.05, Lilequist and Lundberg's = -0.11, Nolla's = 0.22, Mornstad's = 0.27, Cameriere's = -0.31, Demirjian's = 0.74 and Haavikko's = -0.87. CONCLUSION: Although originally trained in populations worldwide, most of the international methods for radiographic dental age estimation had optimal performance in Brazilian children.

4.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 175, 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32571285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preliminary canal enlargement (glide path preparation) may play a significant role in the development of pain. The aim of this systematic review of randomized clinical trials was to assess the influence of glide path kinematics during endodontic treatment on the occurrence and intensity of intraoperative and postoperative pain. METHODS: A search was performed in June 2019 in six electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, SciELO, Embase and Web of Science) and two grey literature databases (OpenGrey and OpenThesis). The bibliographic references of the eligible articles were also hand-searched. The included clinical studies assessed the occurrence and intensity of intraoperative and/or postoperative pain after root canal preparation without glide path preparation (WGP) or with glide path preparation using manual (M-GP), continuous rotary (CR-GP), or reciprocating (R-GP) instruments. The primary outcome was the occurrence and intensity of intraoperative and postoperative pain, while analgesic consumption was the secondary outcome. The full texts of the eligible studies were analyzed by two reviewers who performed calibration exercises to verify the risk of bias and quality of the individual studies using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal tool. RESULTS: From 1283 identified articles, only six studies were included in the qualitative analysis of the results, with a total sample of 884 patients/teeth. Three studies presented a high risk of bias, while three studies presented a moderate risk. Two studies reported that CR-GP causes lower pain levels than M-GP and WGP, and three studies showed no differences between CR-GP and R-GP. Regarding analgesic consumption, two studies found no differences among glide path kinematics, and one study reported lower consumption for CR-GP than for M-GP. Because of the limited number of studies and methodological differences, no statistical analyses were performed for the glide path kinematics comparisons. CONCLUSIONS: Compelling evidence indicating a significantly different occurrence and intensity of pain among glide path kinematics is lacking. The systematic review protocol was registered in the PROSPERO database [CRD42020139989].

5.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 138(3): 190-200, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elderly men have been characterized as a group vulnerable to suicide, motivated by loneliness, loss of loved ones and feelings of uselessness to family members. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the prevalence of different mental disorders among elderly men who attempted suicide. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of observational studies developed as a result of a partnership between two postgraduate schools (Lagarto and Uberlândia). METHODS: An electronic search was performed in eight electronic databases, including "grey literature", in January 2019. Observational studies that assessed mental disorders among men older than 60 years who attempted suicide were eligible for inclusion. RESULTS: Among the disorders evaluated, mood disorders had the highest prevalence (42.0%; 95% confidence interval, CI: 31.0-74.0%; I2: 0.0%; P = 0.763), followed by substance use-related disorders (41.0%; 95% CI: 8.0-74.0%; I2: 96.4; P < 0.001) and, lastly, schizophrenic disorders (5.0%; 95% CI: 0.0%-14.0%; I2: 80.3%; P = 0.024). CONCLUSIONS: It seems that mood disorders and substance use-related disorders are quite prevalent among elderly men with mental disorders who attempted suicide. It is important to consider the role of healthcare services in making early diagnoses of mental disorders among elderly men, in order to diminish the chances of suicide attempts among them. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: CRD42018105981.

6.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 10311, 2020 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32587397

RESUMO

This study aimed to compare the effect of conventional irrigation (CI) and passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) with 17% EDTA and QMiX on the maximum depth and percentage of sealer penetration into the dentinal tubules by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and to describe the cleaning of root canal walls by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Eighty single-rooted human mandibular premolars were instrumented and randomly assigned to four groups (n = 20): EDTA + CI, QMiX + CI, EDTA + PUI, and QMiX + PUI. Ten samples from each group were examined by SEM (2,000×) and the remaining 40 roots were filled with a single gutta-percha cone and AH Plus sealer mixed with 0.1% rhodamine B for analysis by CLSM (10×). Images were assessed at distances of 2 mm (apical), 5 mm (middle), and 8 mm (coronal) from the apex with the Leica Application Suite V4.10 software. The EDTA + PUI and QMiX + PUI protocols presented higher rates of debris/smear layer removal in the apical and middle thirds. The PUI was superior to CI in the maximum depth of sealer penetration at the middle third. The QMiX + PUI group had a higher percentage of sealer penetration at the apical third. The PUI and QMiX protocol improved debris/smear layer removal and tubular dentin sealer penetration.

7.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(2): 241-246, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436904

RESUMO

Background: The palatal rugae contribute to oral swallowing, taste perception, and speech. From a forensic point of view, the distinctive morphology of these structures can be used to support human identification. However, the morphology of the rugae may be altered by trauma or therapeutic interventions in the palate. Objective: This study aimed to analyze the morphology of the palatal rugae before and after orthodontic treatment performed with and without maxillary expansion and dental extractions. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 60 dental casts taken before (n = 30) and after (n = 30) orthodontic treatment from patients aged >18 years. The patients were treated with rapid maxillary expansion by using Haas appliance (n = 10), by extracting the maxillary first premolars (n = 10) and by using only conventional fixed orthodontic appliances (n = 10). All the dental casts were analyzed twice by two independent examiners that were blind for the type of treatment. Results: All the differences between groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05). More alterations in the morphology of the palatal rugae were observed in patients treated with rapid maxillary expansion, whereas few alterations were performed in patients treated with no maxillary expansion or dental extractions. Conclusion: The use of palatal rugae for forensic purposes must be avoided in patients that underwent invasive orthodontic treatments, such as those founded on maxillary expansion and dental extractions.


Assuntos
Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Palato , Adolescente , Dente Pré-Molar , Humanos , Mucosa Bucal , Extração Dentária
8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(7): 2203-2217, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447524

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess whether salivary urea and creatinine levels accurately reflect their serum levels in blood samples of adults to detect chronic kidney disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in eight electronic databases. The protocol was registered in PROSPERO. Only diagnostic test studies were included. The JBI critical appraisal tools assessed the risk of bias. A meta-analysis of proportions was performed. The GRADE tool assessed the quality of evidence and strength of recommendation across the studies included. RESULTS: Eight studies met the eligibility criteria and were included. Six studies assessed salivary urea, and six studies assessed salivary creatinine. All studies presented moderate risk of bias. The meta-analysis depicted an overall sensitivity of 93.3% (95% CI = 88.6; 97.9) for salivary creatinine levels and 87.5% (95% CI = 83.2; 91.8) for salivary urea levels, while the overall specificity was 87.1% (95% CI = 82.8; 91.3) and 83.2% (95% CI = 65.0; 101.4) for salivary creatinine and urea levels, respectively. The overall accuracy of salivary creatinine was 5.2 percentage points higher compared with salivary urea levels (90.8% vs. 85.6%). According to the GRADE tool, the analysed outcomes were classified as having low to moderate level of certainty. CONCLUSION: Compared with blood samples, salivary urea and creatinine levels presented high diagnostic values for chronic kidney disease screening, but should not be considered equivalent to levels obtained from blood at stages three, four, or five of the disease. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Chronic kidney disease patients could receive a clinically significant benefit from replacing blood with saliva for potentially monitoring renal function. Saliva collection presents greater simplicity, comfort, safety, and lower collection cost.

9.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 8127, 2020 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415190

RESUMO

The present study aimed to evaluate the efficiency, effectiveness, and biocompatibility of two agents used for the chemomechanical removal of carious dentin. Sixty extracted carious human teeth were treated with a conventional bur (CBG) or chemomechanical agents - Papacarie Duo (PG) and Brix 3000 (BG). Treatment efficiency and effectiveness were assessed by the working time for carious dentin removal and Knoop microhardness values, respectively. Human pulp fibroblasts (FP6) were used to evaluate cytotoxicity by incorporating MTT dye, and genotoxicity was evaluated with the micronuclei test. The carious tissue was removed in a shorter time with CBG (median = 54.0 seconds) than the time required for chemomechanical agents (p = 0.0001). However, the time was shorter for Brix 3000 (BG) than that for Papacarie Duo (PG), showing mean values of 85.0 and 110.5 seconds, respectively. Regarding microhardness testing, all approaches tested were effective (p < 0.05). The final mean microhardness values were 48.54 ± 16.31 KHN, 43.23 ± 13.26 KHN, and 47.63 ± 22.40 KHN for PG, BG, and CBG, respectively. PG decreased cell viability compared to that of BG, but it presented no genotoxicity. Brix 3000 may be a good option for chemomechanical dentin caries removal due to its reduced removal time and lower cytotoxicity compared to the other treatment options.

10.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 39(4): 1036-1048, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to evaluate the impact of app use on urinary incontinence control through pelvic floor muscle training when compared to the postal treatment plan. The secondary objectives were to evaluate how app use may affect the quality of life (QoL) of users and treatment adherence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight databases (PubMed, SciELO, Embase, Web of Science, LILACS, Open Gray, Open Thesis, and OATD) were used as research sources. The protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD 42020145709). Randomized controlled trials assessing urinary incontinence (UI) control with app use, with no restriction of year, language, and status of publication were included. The JBI Systematic Reviews Checklist for Randomized Controlled Trials assessed the risk of bias of the studies selected. The mean scores of QoL between the pre- and postintervention periods were compared through standardized mean differences, which were weighted according to the number of months between the two periods. RESULTS: Only three studies met the eligibility criteria and were included. The methodological quality of the studies was from "low" to "moderate" risk of bias. The full sample included 203 patients with app-based treatment e 203 controls of postal treatment. All studies showed the reduction of urinary symptoms. In addition, two studies showed a reduction of QoL scores specific for the condition, while one study presented increased scores. CONCLUSION: Reminder therapy seems to be a promising strategy for controlling UI.

11.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 157(2): 212-217, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005473

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the association between root morphology of maxillary incisors and nonsyndromic tooth agenesis in patients compared with a control group without agenesis. METHODS: This controlled cross-sectional pilot study (1:4) was performed with a random sample of 335 records from Brazilian applicants for orthodontic treatment, paired by sex and age. Panoramic and periapical radiographs were analyzed to diagnose tooth agenesis and to assess root morphology. The agenesis group (n = 67) included patients with nonsyndromic tooth agenesis, and the control group (n = 268) included patients without tooth agenesis. The statistical analysis included the Student t test and z test, conditional logistic regression, and odds ratio estimates. RESULTS: Occurrence of root morphological changes was significantly higher among patients with agenesis (P <0.05). Significant morphological changes (short, blunt, apically bent, and pipette-shaped roots) were found in the roots of remaining teeth when comparing agenesis and control groups (P <0.05). Patients with agenesis were more likely to show root morphological changes (odds ratio, 74.23; 95% confidence interval, 16.93-325.46; P <0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients with agenesis are more likely to present root morphological changes, which should be considered to minimize problems during orthodontic treatments.


Assuntos
Anodontia , Incisivo , Raiz Dentária , Anodontia/diagnóstico por imagem , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila , Projetos Piloto , Radiografia Panorâmica , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 73(5): e20190645, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1115388

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objectives: to perform a systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative studies about the work-related quality of life of Family Health Strategy professionals. Methods: this systematic review was developed to answer the following PVO question: "Which factors (variables) are associated with the work-related quality of life (outcome) of Family Health Strategy professionals (population)?" The PubMed, Scopus, Embase, SciELO, Web of Science, LILACS, Science Direct, OpenThesis, OpenGrey, and OATD databases were selected. The meta-synthesis analyzed the main codes and secondary codes of all included studies. Results: the database search resulted in 1,744 reports; six were considered eligible for the meta-synthesis. Four factors were considered for the quality of work life: working conditions; work processes; interpersonal relationships; and personal aspects. Conclusions: although this study confirms the adequacy of aspects commonly related to the quality of work life, other factors are important in the case of FHS professionals, especially work context.


RESUMEN Objetivos: desarrollar una revisión sistemática y metaanálisis de estudios cualitativos sobre la calidad de vida relacionada al trabajo de profesionales de Salud de la Familia. Métodos: la revisión sistemática se desarrolló para responder la siguiente pregunta pautada en metodología PVO: "¿Cuáles factores (variables) están asociados con la calidad de vida relacionada al trabajo (resultado) de profesionales de Estrategia Salud de la Familia (población)?". Fueron seleccionadas las bases PubMed, Scopus, Embase, SciELO, Web of Science, LILACS, Science Direct, OpenThesis, OpenGrey y OATD. La metasíntesis analizó las categorías principales y subcategorías de todos los estudios incluidos. Resultados: la búsqueda en bases halló 1.744 registros, seis de ellos fueron considerados elegibles para la calidad de vida relacionada al trabajo: condiciones laborales, proceso de trabajo, relaciones interpersonales y aspectos personales. Conclusiones: Aunque este estudio confirme que algunos aspectos habitualmente relacionados con la calidad de vida son adecuados, hay otros factores importantes para los profesionales de Salud de la Familia, particularmente el ámbito laboral.


RESUMO Objetivos: desenvolver uma revisão sistemática e metanálise de estudos qualitativos sobre a qualidade de vida relacionada ao trabalho de profissionais da Saúde da Família. Métodos: a revisão sistemática foi desenvolvida para responder à seguinte questão pautada no método PVO: "Quais fatores (variáveis) estão associados com a qualidade de vida relacionada ao trabalho (resultado) de profissionais da Estratégia Saúde da Família (população)?" As bases de dados PubMed, Scopus, Embase, SciELO, Web of Science, LILACS, Science Direct, OpenThesis, OpenGrey e OATD foram selecionadas. A metassíntese analisou as categorias principais e subcategorias de todos os estudos incluídos. Resultados: a busca na base de dados resultou em 1.744 registros, e seis deles foram considerados elegíveis para a metassíntese. Quatro fatores foram considerados para a qualidade de vida relacionada ao trabalho: condições de trabalho, processo de trabalho, relações interpessoais e aspectos pessoais. Conclus ões : embora este estudo confirme a adequação de aspectos comumente relacionados à qualidade de vida no trabalho, outros fatores são importantes no caso dos profissionais da Saúde da Família, especialmente o contexto de trabalho.

14.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 481-485, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056488

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The pigmented lesions of the oral cavity may be endogenous or exogenous. Endogenous lesions are benign and usually caused by melanin, and they are called gingival melanin pigmentations. Among the options for depigmenting these areas, laser therapy stands out for being a minimally invasive procedure. This study aims to report a clinical case of the gingival depigmentation technique using a high-power diode laser in the anterior maxillary region, for the ablation of the pigmented tissue to improve gingival aesthetics. The patient had an aesthetic complaint of the darkened aspect of the gingiva in the anterior maxillary and mandibular portions. After local anesthesia, we started depigmentation with high-power diode laser and performed ablation from the attached gingiva toward the free marginal gingiva. The patient returned after 30 and 180 days presenting healthy gingiva and absence of melanin repigmentation. Thus, we concluded that the diode laser was a good alternative for melanin depigmentation because it is a procedure with lower morbidity and satisfactory postoperative results.


RESUMEN: Las lesiones pigmentadas de la cavidad oral pueden ser endógenas o exógenas. Las endógenas son benignas y generalmente causadas por la melanina, denominándose pigmentaciones melánicas gingivales. Entre las opciones para la despigmentación de estas regiones, se destaca la laserterapia, por ser un procedimiento poco invasivo. Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo relatar un caso clínico de la técnica de despigmentación gingival utilizando láser de diodo de alta intensidad en la región anterior de los maxilares para ablación del tejido pigmentado con la finalidad de mejorar la estética gingival. El paciente presentaba como queja estética el aspecto oscurecido de la encía en la región anterior de la maxila y de la mandíbula. Tras aplicar anestesia local, se inició la despigmentación con láser de diodo de alta intensidad, siendo que la ablación se realizó a partir de la encía insertada hacia la encía marginal libre. El paciente regresó tras 30 y 180 días, presentando encía saludable y con ausencia de repigmentación melánica. Así fue posible concluir que el láser de diodo mostró ser una buena alternativa para la despigmentación melánica, ya que se presentó como un procedimiento con menor morbidad y buen resultado postoperatorio.

15.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(10): 3793-3803, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577010

RESUMO

Although administrators unanimously agree that the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) is underfunded, it is also unanimous that there are problems in the efficiency of expenditures management. From this perspective, this study assessed the health technical efficiency in the seven cities of the Rota dos Bandeirantes health region of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, from 2009 to 2012, through the Health Technical Efficiency Index. This index includes structure and results indicators, mainly from the goals and indicators agreement system, and it is collected from the database of the SUS Informatics Department. It was identified that only one city reached high health technical efficiency, while the other cities presented low efficiency. It was concluded that cities with higher income available and higher per capita expenditures achieved the best health indicator results and, therefore, better health technical efficiency indexes. However, some cities, even though small in structure, obtained better results than neighboring cities, which shows structure management efficiency. Thus, the resource represented an essential condition for efficiency, however not sufficient.


Assuntos
Gastos em Saúde , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/organização & administração , Brasil , Cidades , Financiamento da Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia
16.
Spec Care Dentist ; 39(6): 624-630, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661162

RESUMO

The presence of dental abnormalities in the same individual may be related to syndromic cases and occur through associated systemic changes. Kabuki syndrome presents well-defined systemic changes, but its clinical characteristics related to the oral cavity have not been fully explained. This study aimed to report the dental changes in a child diagnosed with Kabuki syndrome. A male brown patient aged 2 years and 7 months, accompanied by his mother to the dental visit, they main complaint was the presented of an additional tooth behind upper right central incisor. Anamnesis, intra- and extraoral examinations, and dental X-rays were performed, revealing a talon cusp. Considering the dental clinical findings, the patient was referred to a medical geneticist who additionally requested cardiological and genetic examinations, which established the Kabuki syndrome. The caregivers were advised that the talon cusp would not cause any injury to the natural exfoliation of the tooth and that oral hygiene should be performed carefully. Abnormalities in the oral cavity and developmental delay may be associated with a potential undiagnosed syndrome. The medical evaluation becomes decisive for investigation, diagnosis, and final conduct of the case.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Dentárias , Coroa do Dente , Anormalidades Múltiplas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dentição , Face/anormalidades , Seguimentos , Doenças Hematológicas , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Vestibulares
17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(10): 3793-3803, Oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039473

RESUMO

Resumo Embora haja uma unanimidade nas falas dos gestores que o Sistema Único de Saúde é subfinanciado, é unânime também o fato de haver problemas na eficiência da gestão dos gastos. Nesta perspectiva, este estudo faz uma avaliação da eficiência técnica em saúde dos sete municípios da região de saúde Rota dos Bandeirantes do estado de São Paulo no período de 2009 a 2012, utilizando-se o Índice de Eficiência Técnica em Saúde. Este índice é composto por meio de indicadores estruturais e indicadores de resultados, oriundos principalmente, do sistema de pactuação de metas e indicadores e coletados da base de dados do Departamento de Informática do SUS. Identificou-se que apenas o município de Barueri atingiu alta eficiência técnica em saúde, enquanto que os demais apresentaram baixa eficiência. Concluiu-se que os municípios com maior receita disponível e maior gasto per capita atingiram os melhores resultados nos indicadores de saúde e, portanto, melhores índices de eficiência técnica em saúde. Todavia alguns municípios, mesmo com uma pequena estrutura, atingiram resultados melhores que seus vizinhos, demostrando eficiência na gestão de sua estrutura e, desta forma, o recurso mostrou-se como condição necessária para que haja eficiência, porém, não suficiente.


Abstract Although administrators unanimously agree that the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) is underfunded, it is also unanimous that there are problems in the efficiency of expenditures management. From this perspective, this study assessed the health technical efficiency in the seven cities of the Rota dos Bandeirantes health region of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, from 2009 to 2012, through the Health Technical Efficiency Index. This index includes structure and results indicators, mainly from the goals and indicators agreement system, and it is collected from the database of the SUS Informatics Department. It was identified that only one city reached high health technical efficiency, while the other cities presented low efficiency. It was concluded that cities with higher income available and higher per capita expenditures achieved the best health indicator results and, therefore, better health technical efficiency indexes. However, some cities, even though small in structure, obtained better results than neighboring cities, which shows structure management efficiency. Thus, the resource represented an essential condition for efficiency, however not sufficient.

18.
J. Bras. Patol. Med. Lab. (Online) ; 55(5): 550-567, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040217

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Squamous cell carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm that affects the structures and tissues of the oral cavity. Interleukins (IL) synthesized from a tumor modulate a cascade reaction that may influence the prognosis of the disease. We aim to investigate in the literature whether interleukins are mediators that negatively or positively influence the prognosis of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. A systematic review study was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA) instructions. PubMed (including MedLine), Scopus, Web of Science, SciELO and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS) databases were used as the primary sources for the study; OpenGrey and OpenThesis were used to search for "gray literature". The search conducted in seven general databases resulted in a set of 858 studies, while the search conducted in two databases for gray literature resulted in 82 studies, totaling 940 studies. From these, 15 studies were selected for this systematic review (eight studies presented low bias risk; four studies presented moderate bias risk; and three studies presented high risk of bias). Although they may act on the anti-tumor immune response pathways, the IL evaluated in the present systematic review (IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 and IL-13) tend to present a response associated with the intensification of carcinogenesis and poor prognosis in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma.


RESUMEN El carcinoma de células escamosas es una neoplasia maligna que afecta las estructuras y los tejidos de la cavidad oral. Interleucinas (IL) sintetizadas a partir de un tumor modulan una cascada de reacciones que puede influenciar el pronóstico de la enfermedad. Nuestro objetivo es investigar en la literatura si las IL son mediadoras que influyen negativamente o positivamente en el pronóstico de pacientes con carcinoma oral de células escamosas. Un estudio de revisión sistemática fue realizado bajo las instrucciones del Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Las bases de datos PubMed (incluyendo MedLine), Scopus, Web of Science, SciELO y Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS) fueron usadas como fuentes primarias de estudio; OpenGrey y OpenThesis, para pesquisar la literatura gris. La búsqueda realizada en siete bases de datos generales resultó en un conjunto de 858 estudios, mientras la búsqueda realizada en dos bases de datos para literatura gris resultó en 82 estudios, totalizando 940 investigaciones. Entre ellas, 15 fueron elegidas para la presente revisión sistemática (ocho estudios presentaron bajo riesgo de sesgo; cuatro, riesgo moderado; tres, riesgo alto). A pesar de poder actuar en vías de respuesta inmune antitumoral, las IL evaluadas en esta revisión (IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, y IL-13) suelen presentar una respuesta asociada a la intensificación del proceso de carcinogénesis y al pronóstico desfavorable en pacientes portadores de carcinoma oral de células escamosas.


RESUMO O carcinoma de células escamosas é uma neoplasia maligna que afeta as estruturas e os tecidos da cavidade oral. Interleucinas (IL) sintetizadas a partir de um tumor modulam uma cascata de reações que poderá influenciar o prognóstico da doença. Objetiva-se investigar na literatura se as interleucinas são mediadores que influenciam negativamente ou positivamente o prognóstico de pacientes com carcinoma de células escamosas intraoral. Um estudo de revisão sistemática foi realizado segundo as instruções do Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). As bases de dados PubMed (incluindo MedLine), Scopus, Web of Science, SciELO e Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS) foram utilizadas como fontes de estudo primárias; OpenGrey e OpenThesis, utilizadas para pesquisar a "literatura cinzenta". A busca realizada em sete bases de dados gerais resultou em um conjunto de 858 estudos, enquanto a realizada em duas bases de dados para literatura cinza, em 82 estudos, totalizando 940 pesquisas. Destas, 15 foram selecionadas para a presente revisão sistemática (oito estudos apresentaram baixo risco de viés; quatro, moderado risco de viés; e três, alto risco de viés). Apesar de poderem atuar nas vias de resposta imune antitumoral, as IL avaliadas nesta revisão (IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 e IL-13) tendem a apresentar uma resposta associada à intensificação do processo de carcinogênese e ao prognóstico desfavorável em pacientes portadores do carcinoma de células escamosas intraoral.

19.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 35(5): 1614-1621, sept./oct. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049068

RESUMO

To evaluate the influence of mesofacial, brachyfacial and dolichofacial facial patterns on giving an individual the profile of a crime suspect in the eyes of public security agents.This study had a cross-sectional design, conducted with public security agents of both sexes (n=100), where images of facial composites (police sketches) of individuals with different facial patterns (mesofacial, brachyfacial and dolichofacial) were used. With these images in hand, a questionnaire was created, divided into three parts: the first in which all the images were presented together, allowing comparison among them; the second, in which each image was evaluated separately followed by questions and the third that consisted on a visual analog scale that presented a bar with marks going from 0 to 100, where 0 represented the untrustworthy individual, 50 the individual who could be trusted, and 100 a very trustworthy individual. When all the data had been obtained statistical analyses were performed using the Chi-square and Friedman tests. The level of significance adopted was 5% (α=0.05). The dolichofacial individual was associated with security agents as the most prone to commit crimes and became more insecure and distrustful when compared to the mesofacial and brachyfacial individuals (p <0.001). The dolichofacial profile had a negative influence on the judgment of security agents who attributed to it, a character suspected of a crime and a low level of trustworthiness


Avaliar a influência dos padrões faciais mesofacial, braquifacial e dolicofacial em conceder um perfil de suspeito a cometer crimes aos olhos dos agentes de segurança pública. Este estudo teve delineamento transversal, realizado com agentes de segurança pública de ambos os sexos (n = 100), onde imagens de retratos- falados de indivíduos com diferentes padrões faciais (mesofacial, braquifacial e dolicofacial) foram utilizadas. De posse dessas imagens, foi criado um questionário, dividido em três partes: a primeira em que todas as imagens foram apresentadas juntas, permitindo a comparação entre elas; a segunda, em que cada imagem foi avaliada separadamente seguida de perguntas e a terceira consistiu em uma escala analógica visual que apresentava uma barra com marcações de 0 a 100, onde 0 representava o indivíduo não confiável, 50 o indivíduo em quem se podia confiar, e 100 um indivíduo muito confiável. Após a obtenção dos dados, foram realizadas análises estatísticas utilizando os testes Qui-quadrado e Friedman. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5% (α = 0,05). O indivíduo dolicofacial foi associado pelos agentes de segurança como o mais propenso a cometer crimes e passou mais insegurança e desconfiança, quando comparado aos indivíduos mesofacial e braquifacial (p<0,001). O perfil dolicofacial influenciou negativamente no julgamento dos agentes de segurança que atribuíram-lhe caráter suspeito a cometer crimes e baixo grau de confiabilidade.


Assuntos
Percepção Social , Crime , Face , Julgamento
20.
J Investig Clin Dent ; 10(4): e12455, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478355

RESUMO

To seek scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of invisible aligners, in the aesthetic and functional aspects, compared with that of conventional braces. An electronic search was performed with a complementary grey literature search for in vivo research. No language restrictions were applied. Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, ClinicalTrials and GreyLiterature databases were used. Studies were first selected by title and abstract; those potentially eligible were read in full. Non-randomized studies were assessed for risk of bias using the tools Methodological Index for Non-randomized Studies (MINORS) and Cochrane Collaboration Common Scheme for Bias as a function of the presence of randomization. The search found 559 studies, of which 55 were potentially eligible. A total of 4 articles were included in this systematic literature review: three non-randomized controlled studies and one randomized controlled study, three with low risk of bias (RoB) and one with moderate RoB. Three studies showed time of correction of dental crowding shorter or equal to that of the control group and only one study showed less time of correction using conventional braces. Invisible aligners were deficient with respect to anterior/posterior and vertical corrections compared with fixed orthodontic appliances. Invisible aligners are effective in promoting dental alignment, but present clinical limitations in relation to the conventional system.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Estética , Humanos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos
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