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1.
Molecules ; 27(24)2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36557940

RESUMO

The brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients contain numerous amyloid plaques that are diagnostic of the disease. The plaques are primarily composed of the amyloidogenic peptides proteins Aß40 and Aß42, which are derived by the processing of the amyloid pre-cursor protein (APP) by two proteases called ß-secretase and γ-secretase. Aß42 differs from Aß40 in having two additional hydrophobic amino acids, ILE and ALA, at the C-terminus. A small percentage of AD is autosomal dominant (ADAD) and linked either to the genes for the presenilins, which are part of γ-secretase, or APP. Because ADAD shares most pathogenic features with widespread late-onset AD, Aß peptides have become the focus of AD research. Fibrils formed by the aggregation of these peptides are the major component of plaques and were initially targeted in AD therapy. However, the fact that the abundance of plaques does not correlate well with cognitive decline in AD patients has led investigators to examine smaller Aß aggregates called oligomers. The low levels and heterogeneity of Aß oligomers have made the determination of their structures difficult, but recent structure determinations of oligomers either formed or initiated in detergents have been achieved. We report here on the structures of these oligomers and suggest how they may be involved in AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Proteínas Amiloidogênicas/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química
2.
J Biol Chem ; 298(11): 102498, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116552

RESUMO

Amyloid aggregates of specific proteins constitute important pathological hallmarks in many neurodegenerative diseases, defining neuronal degeneration and disease onset. Recently, increasing numbers of patients show comorbidities and overlaps between multiple neurodegenerative diseases, presenting distinct phenotypes. Such overlaps are often accompanied by colocalizations of more than one amyloid protein, prompting the question of whether direct interactions between different amyloid proteins could generate heterotypic amyloids. To answer this question, we investigated the effect of α-synuclein (αS) on the DNA-binding protein TDP-43 aggregation inspired by their coexistence in pathologies such as Lewy body dementia and limbic predominant age-related TDP-43 encephalopathy. We previously showed αS and prion-like C-terminal domain (PrLD) of TDP-43 synergistically interact to generate toxic heterotypic aggregates. Here, we extend these studies to investigate whether αS induces structurally and functionally distinct polymorphs of PrLD aggregates. Using αS-PrLD heterotypic aggregates generated in two different stoichiometric proportions, we show αS can affect PrLD fibril forms. PrLD fibrils show distinctive residue level signatures determined by solid state NMR, dye-binding capability, proteinase K (PK) stability, and thermal stability toward SDS denaturation. Furthremore, by gold nanoparticle labeling and transmission electron microscopy, we show the presence of both αS and PrLD proteins within the same fibrils, confirming the existence of heterotypic amyloid fibrils. We also observe αS and PrLD colocalize in the cytosol of neuroblastoma cells and show that the heterotypic PrLD fibrils selectively induce synaptic dysfunction in primary neurons. These findings establish the existence of heterotypic amyloid and provide a molecular basis for the observed overlap between synucleinopathies and TDP-43 proteinopathies.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Síndromes Neurotóxicas , Humanos , alfa-Sinucleína/metabolismo , Ouro , Amiloide/química , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética
3.
PNAS Nexus ; 1(5): pgac263, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36712347

RESUMO

Screening amino acid sequence space via experiments to discover peptides that self-assemble into amyloid fibrils is challenging. We have developed a computational peptide assembly design (PepAD) algorithm that enables the discovery of amyloid-forming peptides. Discontinuous molecular dynamics (DMD) simulation with the PRIME20 force field combined with the FoldAmyloid tool is used to examine the fibrilization kinetics of PepAD-generated peptides. PepAD screening of ∼10,000 7-mer peptides resulted in twelve top-scoring peptides with two distinct hydration properties. Our studies revealed that eight of the twelve in silico discovered peptides spontaneously form amyloid fibrils in the DMD simulations and that all eight have at least five residues that the FoldAmyloid tool classifies as being aggregation-prone. Based on these observations, we re-examined the PepAD-generated peptides in the sequence pool returned by PepAD and extracted five sequence patterns as well as associated sequence signatures for the 7-mer amyloid-forming peptides. Experimental results from Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thioflavin T (ThT) fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicate that all the peptides predicted to assemble in silico assemble into antiparallel ß-sheet nanofibers in a concentration-dependent manner. This is the first attempt to use a computational approach to search for amyloid-forming peptides based on customized settings. Our efforts facilitate the identification of ß-sheet-based self-assembling peptides, and contribute insights towards answering a fundamental scientific question: "What does it take, sequence-wise, for a peptide to self-assemble?".

4.
J Phys Chem B ; 125(50): 13599-13609, 2021 12 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34905370

RESUMO

Peptide coassembly, wherein at least two different peptides interact to form multicomponent nanostructures, is an attractive approach for generating functional biomaterials. Current efforts seek to design pairs of peptides, A and B, that form nanostructures (e.g., ß-sheets with ABABA-type ß-strand patterning) while resisting self-assembly (e.g., AAAAA-type or BBBBB-type ß-sheets). To confer coassembly behavior, most existing designs have been based on highly charged variants of known self-assembling peptides; like-charge repulsion limits self-assembly while opposite-charge attraction promotes coassembly. Recent analyses using solid-state NMR and coarse-grained simulations reveal that preconceived notions of structure and molecular organization are not always correct. This perspective highlights recent advances and key challenges to understanding and controlling peptide coassembly.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Nanoestruturas , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Peptídeos , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta
5.
J Phys Chem B ; 125(16): 4004-4015, 2021 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33876641

RESUMO

Coassembling peptides offer an additional degree of freedom in the design of nanostructured biomaterials when compared to analogous self-assembling peptides. Yet, our understanding of how amino acid sequences encodes coassembled nanofiber structure is limited. Prior work on a charge-complementary pair, CATCH+ and CATCH- peptides, detected like-peptide nearest neighbors (CATCH+:CATCH+ and CATCH-:CATCH-) within coassembled ß-sheet nanofibers; these self-associated peptide pairs marked a departure from an "ideal" coassembled structure. In this work, we employ solid-state NMR, isotope-edited FTIR, and coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations to evaluate the alignment of ß-strands within CATCH peptide nanofibers. Both experimental and computational results suggest that CATCH molecules coassemble into structurally heterogeneous nanofibers, which is consistent with our observations in another coassembling system, the King-Webb peptides. Within ß-sheet nanofibers, ß-strands were found to have nearest neighbors aligned in-register parallel, in-register antiparallel, and out-of-register. In comparison to the King-Webb peptides, CATCH nanofibers exhibit a greater degree of structural heterogeneity. By comparing the amino acid sequences of CATCH and King-Webb peptides, we can begin to unravel sequence-to-structure relationships, which may encode more precise coassembled ß-sheet nanostructures.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Peptídeos , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta
6.
J Phys Chem B ; 125(11): 2886-2897, 2021 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683890

RESUMO

Myocilin-associated glaucoma is a new addition to the list of diseases linked to protein misfolding and amyloid formation. Single point variants of the ∼257-residue myocilin olfactomedin domain (mOLF) lead to mutant myocilin aggregation. Here, we analyze the 12-residue peptide P1 (GAVVYSGSLYFQ), corresponding to residues 326-337 of mOLF, previously shown to form amyloid fibrils in vitro and in silico. We applied solid-state NMR structural measurements to test the hypothesis that P1 fibrils adopt one of three predicted structures. Our data are consistent with a U-shaped fibril arrangement for P1, one that is related to the U-shape predicted previously in silico. Our data are also consistent with an antiparallel fibril arrangement, likely driven by terminal electrostatics. Our proposed structural model is reminiscent of fibrils formed by the Aß(1-40) Iowa mutant peptide, but with a different arrangement of molecular turn regions. Taken together, our results strengthen the connection between mOLF fibrils and the broader amylome and contribute to our understanding of the fundamental molecular interactions governing fibril architecture and stability.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Glicoproteínas , Amiloide , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular , Proteínas do Olho/genética , Glaucoma/genética , Glicoproteínas/genética , Humanos
7.
Sci Adv ; 7(36): eabf7668, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516924

RESUMO

Peptides' hierarchical coassembly into nanostructures enables controllable fabrication of multicomponent biomaterials. In this work, we describe a computational and experimental approach to design pairs of charge-complementary peptides that selectively coassemble into ß-sheet nanofibers when mixed together but remain unassembled when isolated separately. The key advance is a peptide coassembly design (PepCAD) algorithm that searches for pairs of coassembling peptides. Six peptide pairs are identified from a pool of ~106 candidates via the PepCAD algorithm and then subjected to DMD/PRIME20 simulations to examine their co-/self-association kinetics. The five pairs that spontaneously aggregate in kinetic simulations selectively coassemble in biophysical experiments, with four forming ß-sheet nanofibers and one forming a stable nonfibrillar aggregate. Solid-state NMR, which is applied to characterize the coassembling pairs, suggests that the in silico peptides exhibit a higher degree of structural order than the previously reported CATCH(+/−) peptides.

8.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1547, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32849524

RESUMO

Peptide subunit vaccines increase safety by reducing the risk of off-target responses and improving the specificity of the induced adaptive immune response. The immunogenicity of most soluble peptides, however, is often insufficient to produce robust and lasting immunity. Many biomaterials and delivery vehicles have been developed for peptide antigens to improve immune response while maintaining specificity. Peptide nanoclusters (PNC) are a subunit peptide vaccine material that has shown potential to increase immunogenicity of peptide antigens. PNC are comprised only of crosslinked peptide antigen and have been synthesized from several peptide antigens as small as 8 amino acids in length. However, as with many peptide vaccine biomaterials, synthesis requires adding residues to the peptide and/or engaging amino acids within the antigen epitope covalently to form a stable material. The impact of antigen modifications made to enable biomaterial incorporation or formation is rarely investigated, since the goal of most studies is to compare the soluble antigen with biomaterial form of antigen. This study investigates PNC as a platform vaccine biomaterial to evaluate how peptide modification and biomaterial formation with different crosslinking chemistries affect epitope-specific immune cell presentation and activation. Several types of PNC were synthesized by desolvation from the model peptide epitope SIINFEKL, which is derived from the immunogenic protein ovalbumin. SIINFEKL was altered to include extra residues on each end, strategically chosen to enable multiple conjugation chemistry options for incorporation into PNC. Several crosslinking methods were used to control which functional groups were used to stabilize the PNC, as well as the reducibility of the crosslinking. These variations were evaluated for immune responses and biodistribution following in vivo immunization. All modified antigen formulations still induced comparable immune responses when incorporated into PNC compared to unmodified soluble antigen alone. However, some crosslinking methods led to a significant increase in desirable immune responses while others did not, suggesting that not all PNC were processed the same. These results help guide future peptide vaccine biomaterial design, including PNC and a wide variety of conjugated and self-assembled peptide antigen materials, to maximize and tune the desired immune response.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Antígenos/imunologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Vacinas de Subunidades/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Antígenos/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Epitopos/química , Epitopos/imunologia , Camundongos , Nanopartículas/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Vacinas de Subunidades/química
9.
J Mol Biol ; 432(16): 4388-4407, 2020 07 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470558

RESUMO

We present solid-state NMR measurements of ß-strand secondary structure and inter-strand organization within a 150-kDa oligomeric aggregate of the 42-residue variant of the Alzheimer's amyloid-ß peptide (Aß(1-42)). We build upon our previous report of a ß-strand spanned by residues 30-42, which arranges into an antiparallel ß-sheet. New results presented here indicate that there is a second ß-strand formed by residues 11-24. Contrary to expectations, NMR data indicate that this second ß-strand is organized into a parallel ß-sheet despite the co-existence of an antiparallel ß-sheet in the same structure. In addition, the in-register parallel ß-sheet commonly observed for amyloid fibril structure does not apply to residues 11-24 in the 150-kDa oligomer. Rather, we present evidence for an inter-strand registry shift of three residues that likely alternate in direction between adjacent molecules along the ß-sheet. We corroborated this unexpected scheme for ß-strand organization using multiple two-dimensional NMR and 13C-13C dipolar recoupling experiments. Our findings indicate a previously unknown assembly pathway and inspire a suggestion as to why this aggregate does not grow to larger sizes.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta , Multimerização Proteica
10.
Nanoscale ; 12(7): 4506-4518, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039428

RESUMO

Self-assembling peptides have garnered an increasing amount of interest as a functional biomaterial for medical and biotechnological applications. Recently, ß-sheet peptide designs utilizing complementary pairs of peptides composed of charged amino acids positioned to impart co-assembly behavior have expanded the portfolio of peptide aggregate structures. Structural characterization of these charge-complementary peptide co-assemblies has been limited. Thus, it is not known how the complementary peptides organize on the molecular level. Through a combination of solid-state NMR measurements and discontinuous molecular dynamics simulations, we investigate the molecular organization of King-Webb peptide nanofibers. KW+ and KW- peptides co-assemble into near stoichiometric two-component ß-sheet structures as observed by computational simulations and 13C-13C dipolar couplings. A majority of ß-strands are aligned with antiparallel nearest neighbors within the ß-sheet as previously suggested by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements. Surprisingly, however, a significant proportion of ß-strand neighbors are parallel. While charge-complementary peptides were previously assumed to organize in an ideal (AB)n pattern, dipolar recoupling measurements on isotopically diluted nanofiber samples reveal a non-negligible amount of self-associated (AA and BB) pairs. Furthermore, computational simulations predict these different structures can coexist within the same nanofiber. Our results highlight structural disorder at the molecular level in a charge-complementary peptide system with implications on co-assembling peptide designs.


Assuntos
Nanofibras/química , Peptídeos/química , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(9): 4710-4717, 2020 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071201

RESUMO

Peptide self-assembly, wherein molecule A associates with other A molecules to form fibrillar ß-sheet structures, is common in nature and widely used to fabricate synthetic biomaterials. Selective coassembly of peptide pairs A and B with complementary partial charges is gaining interest due to its potential for expanding the form and function of biomaterials that can be realized. It has been hypothesized that charge-complementary peptides organize into alternating ABAB-type arrangements within assembled ß-sheets, but no direct molecular-level evidence exists to support this interpretation. We report a computational and experimental approach to characterize molecular-level organization of the established peptide pair, CATCH. Discontinuous molecular dynamics simulations predict that CATCH(+) and CATCH(-) peptides coassemble but do not self-assemble. Two-layer ß-sheet amyloid structures predominate, but off-pathway ß-barrel oligomers are also predicted. At low concentration, transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering identified nonfibrillar ∼20-nm oligomers, while at high concentrations elongated fibers predominated. Thioflavin T fluorimetry estimates rapid and near-stoichiometric coassembly of CATCH(+) and CATCH(-) at concentrations ≥100 µM. Natural abundance 13C NMR and isotope-edited Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicate that CATCH(+) and CATCH(-) coassemble into two-component nanofibers instead of self-sorting. However, 13C-13C dipolar recoupling solid-state NMR measurements also identify nonnegligible AA and BB interactions among a majority of AB pairs. Collectively, these results demonstrate that strictly alternating arrangements of ß-strands predominate in coassembled CATCH structures, but deviations from perfect alternation occur. Off-pathway ß-barrel oligomers are also suggested to occur in coassembled ß-strand peptide systems.


Assuntos
Amiloide/química , Nanofibras/química , Simulação por Computador , Polimerização , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta , Multimerização Proteica , Eletricidade Estática
12.
Commun Chem ; 3(1): 172, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36703436

RESUMO

Peptide co-assembly is attractive for creating biomaterials with new forms and functions. Emergence of these properties depends on the peptide content of the final assembled structure, which is difficult to predict in multicomponent systems. Here using experiments and simulations we show that charge governs content by affecting propensity for self- and co-association in binary CATCH(+/-) peptide systems. Equimolar mixtures of CATCH(2+/2-), CATCH(4+/4-), and CATCH(6+/6-) formed two-component ß-sheets. Solid-state NMR suggested the cationic peptide predominated in the final assemblies. The cationic-to-anionic peptide ratio decreased with increasing charge. CATCH(2+) formed ß-sheets when alone, whereas the other peptides remained unassembled. Fibrillization rate increased with peptide charge. The zwitterionic CATCH parent peptide, "Q11", assembled slowly and only at decreased simulation temperature. These results demonstrate that increasing charge draws complementary peptides together faster, favoring co-assembly, while like-charged molecules repel. We foresee these insights enabling development of co-assembled peptide biomaterials with defined content and predictable properties.

13.
Chem Rev ; 118(24): 11519-11574, 2018 12 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281290

RESUMO

Biomolecular assembly is a key driving force in nearly all life processes, providing structure, information storage, and communication within cells and at the whole organism level. These assembly processes rely on precise interactions between functional groups on nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and small molecules, and can be fine-tuned to span a range of time, length, and complexity scales. Recognizing the power of these motifs, researchers have sought to emulate and engineer biomolecular assemblies in the laboratory, with goals ranging from modulating cellular function to the creation of new polymeric materials. In most cases, engineering efforts are inspired or informed by understanding the structure and properties of naturally occurring assemblies, which has in turn fueled the development of predictive models that enable computational design of novel assemblies. This Review will focus on selected examples of protein assemblies, highlighting the story arc from initial discovery of an assembly, through initial engineering attempts, toward the ultimate goal of predictive design. The aim of this Review is to highlight areas where significant progress has been made, as well as to outline remaining challenges, as solving these challenges will be the key that unlocks the full power of biomolecules for advances in technology and medicine.


Assuntos
Peptídeos/síntese química , Polímeros/síntese química , Proteínas/síntese química , Modelos Moleculares , Peptídeos/química , Polímeros/química , Proteínas/química
14.
Soft Matter ; 14(44): 8986-8996, 2018 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30375627

RESUMO

We report an unanticipated helix-to-sheet structural transformation within an assembly of SAF-p1 and SAF-p2a designer peptides. Solid-state NMR spectroscopic data support the assembled structure that was targeted by rational peptide design: an α-helical coiled-coil co-assembly of both peptides. Subsequent to assembly, however, the system converts to a ß-sheet structure that continues to exhibit nearest-neighbor interactions between the two peptide components. The structural transition occurs at pH 7.4 and exhibits strongly temperature-dependent kinetics between room temperature (weeks) and 40 °C (minutes). We further observed evidence of reversibility on the timescale of months at 4 °C. The structural conversion from the anticipated structure to an unexpected structure highlights an important aspect to the challenge of designing peptide assemblies. Furthermore, the conformational switching mechanism mediated by a prerequisite α-helical nanostructure represents a previously unknown route for ß-sheet designer peptide assembly.


Assuntos
Nanofibras/química , Peptídeos/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Proteica em alfa-Hélice , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta , Temperatura
15.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(22): 5647-5651, 2018 05 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29760077

RESUMO

The conformations adopted by the molecular constituents of a supramolecular assembly influence its large-scale order. At the same time, the interactions made in assemblies by molecules can influence their conformations. Here we study this interplay in extended flat nanosheets made from nonnatural sequence-specific peptoid polymers. Nanosheets exist because individual polymers can be linear and untwisted, by virtue of polymer backbone elements adopting alternating rotational states whose twists oppose and cancel. Using molecular dynamics and quantum mechanical simulations, together with experimental data, we explore the design space of flat nanostructures built from peptoids. We show that several sets of peptoid backbone conformations are consistent with their being linear, but the specific combination observed in experiment is determined by a combination of backbone energetics and the interactions made within the nanosheet. Our results provide a molecular model of the peptoid nanosheet consistent with all available experimental data and show that its structure results from a combination of intra- and intermolecular interactions.


Assuntos
Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Peptoides/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Polímeros , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína
16.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1777: 23-68, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29744827

RESUMO

For the structural characterization methods discussed here, information on molecular conformation and intermolecular organization within nanostructured peptide assemblies is discerned through analysis of solid-state NMR spectral features. This chapter reviews general NMR methodologies, requirements for sample preparation, and specific descriptions of key experiments. An attempt is made to explain choices of solid-state NMR experiments and interpretation of results in a way that is approachable to a nonspecialist. Measurements are designed to determine precise NMR peak positions and line widths, which are correlated with secondary structures, and probe nuclear spin-spin interactions that report on three-dimensional organization of atoms. The formulation of molecular structural models requires rationalization of data sets obtained from multiple NMR experiments on samples with carefully chosen 13C and 15N isotopic labels. The information content of solid-state NMR data has been illustrated mostly through the use of simulated data sets and references to recent structural work on amyloid fibril-forming peptides and designer self-assembling peptides.


Assuntos
Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Peptídeos/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Marcação por Isótopo , Nanofibras/química , Isótopos de Nitrogênio
17.
J Phys Chem B ; 122(22): 5845-5850, 2018 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29724098

RESUMO

Mutant myocilin aggregation is associated with inherited open angle glaucoma, a prevalent optic neuropathy leading to blindness. Comprehension of mutant myocilin aggregation is of fundamental importance to glaucoma pathogenesis and ties glaucoma to amyloid diseases such as Alzheimer's. Here, we probe the aggregation properties of peptides derived from the myocilin olfactomedin domain. Peptides P1 (residues 326-337) and P3 (residues 426-442) were identified previously to form amyloids. Coarse-grained discontinuous molecular dynamics simulations using the PRIME20 force field (DMD/PRIME20) predict that P1 and P3 are aggregation-prone; P1 consistently forms fibrillar aggregates with parallel in-register ß-sheets, whereas P3 forms ß-sheet-containing aggregates without distinct order. Natural abundance 13C solid-state NMR spectra validate that aggregated P1 exhibits amyloid signatures and is more homogeneous than aggregated P3. DMD/PRIME20 simulations provide a viable method to predict peptide aggregation propensities and aggregate structure/order which cannot be accessed by bioinformatics or readily attained experimentally.


Assuntos
Amiloide/metabolismo , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Proteínas do Olho/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/química , Proteínas do Olho/química , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/metabolismo , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/patologia , Glicoproteínas/química , Humanos , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Peptídeos/química , Agregados Proteicos/fisiologia , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta
18.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 9(10): 2574-2578, 2018 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29658722

RESUMO

Peptoid nanosheets are supramolecular protein-mimetic materials that form from amphiphilic polypeptoids with aromatic and ionic side chains. Nanosheets have been studied at the nanometer scale, but the molecular structure has been difficult to probe. We report the use of 13C-13C dipolar recoupling solid-state NMR measurements to reveal the configuration of backbone amide bonds selected by 13C isotopic labeling of adjacent α-carbons. Measurements on the same molecules in the amorphous state and in nanosheets revealed that amide bonds in the center of the amino block of peptoid (NaeNpe)7-(NceNpe)7 (B28) favor the trans configuration in the amorphous state and the cis configuration in the nanosheet. This unexpected result contrasts with previous NMR and theoretical studies of short solvated peptoids. Furthermore, examination of the amide bond at the junction of the two charged blocks within B28 revealed a mixture of both cis and trans configurational states, consistent with the previously predicted brickwork-like intermolecular organization.

19.
Nanoscale ; 10(3): 1508-1516, 2018 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29303206

RESUMO

Dipeptide derivative molecules can self-assemble into space-filling nanofiber networks at low volume fractions (<1%), allowing the formation of molecular gels with tunable mechanical properties. The self-assembly of dipeptide-based molecules is reminiscent of pathological amyloid fibril formation by naturally occurring polypeptides. Fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl-diphenylalanine (Fmoc-FF) is the most widely studied such molecule, but the thermodynamic and kinetic phenomena giving rise to Fmoc-FF gel formation remain poorly understood. We have previously presented evidence that the gelation process is a first order phase transition characterized by low energy barriers to nucleation, short induction times, and rapid quasi-one-dimensional crystal growth, stemming from solvent-solute interactions and highly specific molecular packing. Here, we discuss the phase behavior of Fmoc-FF in different solvents. We find that Fmoc-FF gel formation can be induced in apolar solvents, in addition to previously established pathways in aqueous systems. We further show that in certain solvent systems anisotropic crystals (nanofibers) are an initial metastable state, after which macroscopic crystal aggregates with no preferred axis of growth are formed. The molecular conformation is sensitive to solvent composition during assembly, indicating that Fmoc-FF may be a simple model system to study complex thermodynamic and kinetic phenomena involved in peptide self-assembly.

20.
Protein Sci ; 27(2): 431-440, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29076579

RESUMO

An efficient protein-folding pathway leading to target structure, and the avoidance of aggregation, is essential to protein evolution and de novo design; however, design details to achieve efficient folding and avoid aggregation are poorly understood. We report characterization of the thermally-induced aggregate of fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1), a small globular protein, by solid-state NMR. NMR spectra are consistent with residual structure in the aggregate and provide evidence of a structured region that corresponds to the region of the folding nucleus. NMR data on aggregated FGF-1 also indicate the presence of unstructured regions that exhibit hydration-dependent dynamics and suggest that unstructured regions of aggregated FGF-1 lie outside the folding nucleus. Since it is known that regions outside the folding nucleus fold late in the folding pathway, we postulate that these regions unfold early in the unfolding pathway and that the partially folded state is more prone to intermolecular aggregation. This interpretation is further supported by comparison with a designed protein that shares the same FGF-1 folding nucleus sequence, but has different 1° structure outside the folding nucleus, and does not thermally aggregate. The results suggest that design of an efficient folding nucleus, and the avoidance of aggregation in the folding pathway, are potentially separable design criteria - the latter of which could principally focus upon the physicochemical properties of 1° structure outside the folding nucleus.


Assuntos
Fator 1 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/química , Agregados Proteicos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Modelos Moleculares , Desnaturação Proteica , Dobramento de Proteína , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Termodinâmica
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