Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 102
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3080, 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555154

RESUMO

The exact chemical structure of non-crystallising natural products is still one of the main challenges in Natural Sciences. Despite tremendous advances in total synthesis, the absolute structural determination of a myriad of natural products with very sensitive chemical functionalities remains undone. Here, we show that a metal-organic framework (MOF) with alcohol-containing arms and adsorbed water, enables selective hydrolysis of glycosyl bonds, supramolecular order with the so-formed chiral fragments and absolute determination of the organic structure by single-crystal X-ray crystallography in a single operation. This combined strategy based on a biomimetic, cheap, robust and multigram available solid catalyst opens the door to determine the absolute configuration of ketal compounds regardless degradation sensitiveness, and also to design extremely-mild metal-free solid-catalysed processes without formal acid protons.

2.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(4): 201, 2020 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140827

RESUMO

A bio-metal-organic framework (bio-MOF) derived from the amino acid L-serine has been prepared in bulk form and evaluated as sorbent for the molecular recognition and extraction of B-vitamins. The functional pores of bio-MOF exhibit high amounts of hydroxyl groups jointly directing other supramolecular host-guest interactions thus providing the recognition of B-vitamins in fruit juices and energy drinks. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies reveal the specific B-vitamin binding sites and the existence of multiple hydrogen bonds between these target molecules and the framework. It offered unique snapshots to accomplish an efficient capture of these solutes in complex aqueous matrices. Four B-vitamins (thiamin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide, and pyridoxine) were investigated. They were eluted from the sorbent with phosphate buffer at pH 7 and analyzed by HPLC with UV detection. The sorbent was compared with commercial C18 cartridges. Following the procedure, acceptable reproducibility (RSD values < 14%) was achieved, and the detection limits were in the range 0.4 to 1.4 ng mL-1. The method was applied to the analysis of energy drink and juice samples and the recoveries were between 75 and 123% in spiked beverage samples. Graphical abstractA bio-MOF as SPE sorbent was prepared and applied to the extraction of B-vitamins in fruit juices and energy drinks.

3.
Acc Chem Res ; 53(2): 520-531, 2020 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027486

RESUMO

Since the advent of the first metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), we have witnessed an explosion of captivating architectures with exciting physicochemical properties and applications in a wide range of fields. This, in part, can be understood under the light of their rich host-guest chemistry and the possibility to use single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SC-XRD) as a basic characterization tool. Moreover, chemistry on preformed MOFs, applying recent developments in template-directed synthesis and postsynthetic methodologies (PSMs), has shown to be a powerful synthetic tool to (i) tailor MOFs channels of known topology via single-crystal to single-crystal (SC-SC) processes, (ii) impart higher degrees of complexity and heterogeneity within them, and most importantly, (iii) improve their capabilities toward applications with respect to the parent MOFs. However, the unique properties of MOFs have been, somehow, limited and underestimated. This is clearly reflected on the use of MOFs as chemical nanoreactors, which has been barely uncovered. In this Account, we bring together our recent advances on the construction of MOFs with appealing properties to act as chemical nanoreactors and be used to synthesize and stabilize, within their channels, catalytically active species that otherwise could be hardly accessible. First, through two relevant examples, we present the potential of the metalloligand approach to build highly robust and crystalline oxamato- and oxamidato-MOFs with tailored channels, in terms of size, charge and functionality. These are initial requisites to have a playground where we can develop and fully take advantage of singular properties of MOFs as well as visualize/understand the processes that take place within MOFs pores and somehow make structure-functionalities correlations and develop more performant MOFs nanoreactors. Then, we describe how to exploit the unique and singular features that offer each of these MOFs confined space for (i) the incorporation and stabilization of metals salts and complexes, (ii) the in situ stepwise synthesis of subnanometric metal clusters (SNMCs), and (iii) the confined-space self-assembly of supramolecular coordination complexes (SCCs), by means of PSMs and underpinned by SC-XRD. The strategy outlined here has led to unique rewards such as the highly challenging gram-scale preparation of stable and well-defined ligand-free SNMCs, exhibiting outstanding catalytic activities, and the preparation of unique SCCs, different to those assembled in solution, with enhanced stabilities, catalytic activities, recyclabilities, and selectivities. The results presented in this Accounts are just a few recent examples, but highly encouraging, of the large potential way of MOFs acting as chemical nanoreactors. More work is needed to found the boundaries and fully understand the chemistry in the confined space. In this sense, mastering the synthetic chemistry of discrete organic molecules and inorganic complexes has basically changed our way of live. Thus, achieving the same degree of control on extended hybrid networks will open new frontiers of knowledge with unforeseen possibilities. We aim to stimulate the interest of researchers working in broadly different fields to fully unleash the host-guest chemistry in MOFs as chemical nanoreactors with exclusive functional species.

4.
Dalton Trans ; 49(3): 808-816, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854400

RESUMO

Complexation of dysprosium(iii) ions with a multidentate hydrazone ligand, N-[(E)-pyridin-2-ylmethylideneamino]pyridine-2-carboxamide (L), in the presence of different ß-diketonate coligands, leads to the formation of two novel DyIII dimers, with formulas Dy2(BTFA)4(L)2 (1) and Dy2(TTA)4(L)2 (2) (BTFA = 3-benzoyl-1,1,1-trifluoroacetone and TTA = 4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(2-thienyl)-1,3-butanedionate). They exhibit slightly different coordination geometries around DyIII centers and discrepant binuclear motifs - as a result of altering the ß-diketonate coligands - which has an impact on the magnetic interactions between metal centers, the local tensor of anisotropy on each DyIII site and their relative orientations, therefore contributing to distinct magnetization dynamics. Compared to 2, complex 1 exhibits a more significant slow magnetic relaxation of SMM behavior in the absence of a dc field. The QTM effect is effectively repressed under a static field, resulting in the energy barriers of 57 K for 1 and 38 K for 2. Ab initio calculations clarify that, strong single-ion magnetic anisotropies exist in both complexes, whereas intermetallic ferromagnetic interaction and antiferromagnetic interaction are observed in 1 and 2, respectively, therefore resulting in dissimilar magnetization dynamics.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 58(21): 14498-14506, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621305

RESUMO

Achieving fine control on the structure of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is mandatory to obtain target physical properties. Herein, we present how the combination of a metalloligand approach and a postsynthetic method is a suitable and highly useful synthetic strategy to success on this extremely difficult task. First, a novel oxamato-based tetranuclear cobalt(III) compound with a tetrahedron-shaped geometry is used, for the first time, as the metalloligand toward calcium(II) metal ions to lead to a diamagnetic CaII-CoIII three-dimensional (3D) MOF (1). In a second stage, in a single-crystal-to-single-crystal manner, the calcium(II) ions are replaced by terbium(III), dysprosium(III), holmium(III), and erbium(III) ions to yield four isostructural novel LnIII-CoIII [Ln = Tb (2), Dy (3), Ho (4), and Er (5)] 3D MOFs. Direct-current magnetic properties for 2-5 show typical performances for the ground-state terms of the lanthanoid cations [7F6 (TbIII), 6H15/2 (DyIII), 5I8 (HoIII), and 4I15/2 (ErIII)]. Analysis of the χMT data indicates that the ground state is the lowest MJ value, that is, MJ = 0 (2 and 4) and ±1/2 (3 and 5). Kramers' ions (3 and 5) exhibit field-induced emergent frequency-dependent alternating-current magnetic susceptibility signals, which is indicative of the presence of slow magnetic relaxation typical of single-molecule magnets.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(34): 13601-13609, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394030

RESUMO

We report a new water-stable multivariate (MTV) metal-organic framework (MOF) prepared by combining two different oxamide-based metalloligands derived from the natural amino acids l-serine and l-methionine. This unique material features hexagonal channels decorated with two types of flexible and functional "arms" (-CH2OH and -CH2CH2SCH3) capable of enabling, synergistically, the simultaneous and efficient removal of both inorganic (heavy metals such as Hg2+, Pb2+, and Tl+) and organic (dyes such as Pyronin Y, Auramine O, Brilliant green, and Methylene blue) contaminants, and, in addition, this MTV-MOF is completely reusable. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction measurements allowed solving the crystal structure of a host-guest adsorbate, containing both HgCl2 and Methylene blue, and offered unprecedented snapshots of this unique dual capture process. This is the very first time that a MOF can be used for the removal of all sorts of pollutants from water resources, thus opening new perspectives for this emerging type of MTV-MOF.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 48(30): 11268-11277, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265024

RESUMO

By means of the solvent effect, three new azido-copper 1D coordination polymers, [Cu(4-aba)(N3)] (1), [Cu(4-aba)(N3)(CH3OH)] (2), and [Cu(4-aba)(N3)(C2H5OH)] (3) (4-aba = 4-azidobenzoic acid), were successfully prepared in the presence of Cu2+ ion, NaN3 and 4-azidobenzoic acid. Interestingly, 1 can be employed as a precursor and transformed to 2 and 3via the coordination of methanol or ethanol, respectively. Meanwhile, the identical products of 1, namely 1a and 1b, could be obtained from both 2 and 3 by a dealcoholized process. As a result, the geometric configurations of Cu(ii) ions vary from the tetracoordinated square-planar in 1 to the hexacoordinated octahedron in 2 or 3. Compound 1 displays a well-isolated 1D chain with dual-bridges of EO-azido and syn,syn-carboxylate, while isomorphic 2 and 3 are triple-bridged chain-like motifs containing EO-azido, syn,syn-carboxylate and µ2-alkanol. The structural transformations caused by the intervention of alkanol molecules modulate the intrachain Cu-Cu distances (3.570 for 1, 3.204 Å for 2 and 3.154 Å for 3) and Cu-N-Cu angles (127.3° for 1, 106.82° for 2 and 104.81° for 3). This modulation, however, further leads to different intrachain ferromagnetic interactions (J = 28.4 cm-1 for 1, 67.6 cm-1 for 2, 40.2 cm-1 for 3) that are qualitatively demonstrated by theoretical calculation. More importantly, the significant scenarios of magnetic ordering and slow magnetic relaxation, which are infrequent in most of the reported azido-copper cases, are only observed in 2 and 3, due to the distinct interchain networks among 1-3. In addition, heat-capacity measurements highlight the characteristics of long-range ferromagnetic ordering in 2 and 3.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(26): 10350-10360, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31194534

RESUMO

Supramolecular coordination compounds (SCCs) represent the power of coordination chemistry methodologies to self-assemble discrete architectures with targeted properties. SCCs are generally synthesized in solution, with isolated fully coordinated metal atoms as structural nodes, thus severely limited as metal-based catalysts. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) show unique features to act as chemical nanoreactors for the in situ synthesis and stabilization of otherwise not accessible functional species. Here, we present the self-assembly of PdII SCCs within the confined space of a pre-formed MOF (SCCs@MOF) and its post-assembly metalation to give a PdII-AuIII supramolecular assembly, crystallography underpinned. These SCCs@MOFs catalyze the coupling of boronic acids and/or alkynes, representative multi-site metal-catalyzed reactions in which traditional SCCs tend to decompose, and retain their structural integrity as a consequence of the synergetic hybridization between SCCs and MOFs. These results open new avenues in both the synthesis of novel SCCs and their use in heterogeneous metal-based supramolecular catalysis.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(27): 9179-9183, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050125

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks can be used as porous templates to exert control over polymerization reactions. Shown here are the possibilities offered by these crystalline, porous nanoreactors to capture highly-reactive intermediates for a better understanding of the mechanism of polymerization reactions. By using a cyclodextrin framework the polymerization of pyrrole is restricted, capturing the formation of terpyrrole cationic intermediates. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction is used to provide definite information on the supramolecular interactions that induce the formation and stabilization of a conductive array of cationic complexes.

10.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(5): 841-849, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30899987

RESUMO

Our aim was to assess the relationship between serum adalimumab levels, anti-drug antibodies (ADA) and disease activity in patients with axial spondylarthritis (SpA). We have carried out a single-centre cross-sectional study. adalimumab and ADA levels were analysed with ELISA and correlated with SpA activity using BASDAI and ASDAS scores. Adalimumab cut-off value was calculated to discriminate inactive disease/low disease activity (BASDAI < 4; ASDAS < 2.1) from moderate/high disease activity (BASDAI ≥ 4; ASDAS ≥ 2.1), using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Up to January 2016, 51 consecutive patients were included. The median (range) age was 46.6 (18-68) and 47.1% were women. ADA prevalence was 27.5%, with none detected in the 21.6% receiving concomitant disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) (p = 0.021). Adalimumab level was normal (> 3 mg/l) in 36 patients (70.6%), all without ADA. Fifteen patients (29.4%) had subtherapeutic adalimumab levels (< 3 mg/l), with ADA in 14 (93%). Median adalimumab (mg/l) was significantly higher in patients with inactive disease/low disease activity: BASDAI < 4 vs ≥ 4: 9.5 vs 2.6 (p < 0.01); ASDAS-CRP < 2.1 vs ≥ 2.1: 9.3 vs 0.3 (p < 0.001); ASDAS-ESR < 2.1 vs ≥ 2.1: 9.9 vs 3.0 (p < 0.001), and this finding was consistent with the result of the multivariate model. Patients with inactive disease/low disease activity presented significantly lower ADA levels. The adalimumab level cut-offs and area under the curve (AUC) obtained in the ROC curves were: ASDAS-CRP (< 2.1) 4.6 mg/l (AUC 81.2%; 95% CI 67.5-94.9; p < 0.001); ASDAS-ESR (< 2.1) 7.7 mg/l (AUC 82.4%; 95% CI 69.3-95.5; p < 0.001); BASDAI (< 4) 6.4 mg/l (AUC 73.5%; 95% CI 58.6-88.3; p < 0.01). In conclusion, presence of ADA in axial SpA patients treated with adalimumab was associated with lower serum drug levels. ADA levels were lower and adalimumab levels were higher in patients with inactive disease/low disease activity based on BASDAI and ASDAS indices. Concomitant treatment with MTX reduces de likelihood of finding ADA. Serum adalimumab levels above 4.6 mg/l are recommended to avoid compromising efficacy.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/sangue , Adalimumab/imunologia , Anticorpos/imunologia , Espondiloartropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/sangue , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/imunologia , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
11.
Chemistry ; 25(15): 3884-3892, 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30525257

RESUMO

A family of four mononuclear DyIII ß-diketonate complexes with formulas [Dy(tmhd)3 (Br2 -bpy) (1), [Dy(tmhd)3 (Br-bpy)] (2), [Dy(tmhd)3 (dppz)] (3), and [Dy(tmhd)3 (mcdpq)] (4) (tmhd=2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedione, Br2 -bpy=5,5'-dibromo-2,2'-bipyridine, Br-bpy=5-bromo-2,2'-bipyridine, dppz=dipyrido [3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine, mcdpq=2-methoxyl-3-cyanodipyrido[3,2-f:2,3'-h]quinoxaline) were prepared by modifying the capping N-donor coligands. DyIII centers in these complexes feature an N2 O6 octacoordinate environment with distorted square-antiprismatic D4d symmetry. Magnetic investigations evidenced single-ion magnet behavior in all complexes with energy barriers Ueff of 42.10 (1), 61.47, (2), 77.53 (3), and 2.51 K (4) in the absence of static field, as well as 206.03 (1), 224.13 (2), 247.76 (3), and 49.70 K (4) under applied dc field (Hdc =1500 Oe for 1 and 2; Hdc =1200 Oe for 3 and 4). The different natures of the N-donor ligands induce changes in both the coordination geometry and their intermolecular interactions, which severely impact their magnetic dynamics. The disparities in their magnetic behaviors and the uniaxial anisotropies are also explained and substantiated by theoretical calculations.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 57(23): 14843-14851, 2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30422647

RESUMO

By means of the facile chemistry, structural assembly, and transformation of four mononuclear Dy(III) complexes, Dy(bpad)3·CH3OH·H2O (1), Dy(bpad)2(H2O)2·NO3 (2), [Dy(bpad)2(tmhd)] (3), and [Dy(bpad)2(btfa)] (4) (Hbpad = N3-benzoylpyridine-2-carboxamidrazone, tmhd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethylheptane-3,5-dione, btfa = 3-benzoyl-1,1,1-trifluoroacetone), with distinct architectures and local symmetries were established. The disparity of the coordination geometries around the Dy(III) ion among these complexes impacts the strength of the crystal field and the local tensor of anisotropy ( D) of each Dy site and their relative orientations, therefore giving rise to diverse SIM behaviors with distinguishing relaxation energy barriers of 106.93 K for 1, 52.55 K for 2, 48.16 K for 3, and 51.41 K for 4. The differences of the magnetic property and the magnetic anisotropy for four complexes have been explained by ab initio calculations, which are corresponding to the experimental results.

13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(52): 17094-17099, 2018 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30398300

RESUMO

The synthesis and reactivity of single metal atoms in a low-valence state bound to just water, rather than to organic ligands or surfaces, is a major experimental challenge. Herein, we show a gram-scale wet synthesis of Pt1 1+ stabilized in a confined space by a crystallographically well-defined first water sphere, and with a second coordination sphere linked to a metal-organic framework (MOF) through electrostatic and H-bonding interactions. The role of the water cluster is not only isolating and stabilizing the Pt atoms, but also regulating the charge of the metal and the adsorption of reactants. This is shown for the low-temperature water-gas shift reaction (WGSR: CO + H2 O → CO2 + H2 ), where both metal coordinated and H-bonded water molecules trigger a double water attack mechanism to CO and give CO2 with both oxygen atoms coming from water. The stabilized Pt1+ single sites allow performing the WGSR at temperatures as low as 50 °C.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 57(20): 12869-12875, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30285429

RESUMO

The establishment of novel design strategies to target chiral rodlike MOFs, elusively faced until now, is one of the most straightforward manners to widen the scope of MOFs. Here we describe our last advances on the application of the metalloligand design strategy toward the development of efficient routes to obtain chiral rodlike MOFs. To this end, we have used as precursor an enantiopure homochiral hexanuclear wheel (1), derived from the amino acid d-valine, which, after a supramolecular reorganization into a one-dimensional homochiral chain-with the same configuration as 1-led to the formation of a homochiral rodlike MOF (2) exhibiting rare etd topology.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 57(21): 13895-13900, 2018 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30351058

RESUMO

We report two new highly crystalline metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), derived from the natural amino acids serine (1) and threonine (2), featuring hexagonal channels densely decorated with hydroxyl groups belonging to the amino acid residues. Both 1 and 2 are capable of discriminating, via solid-phase extraction, a mixture of selected chloride salts of lanthanides on the basis of their size, chemical affinity, and/or the flexibility of the network. In addition, this discrimination follows a completely different trend for 1 and 2 because of the different locations of the hydroxyl groups in each compound, which is evocative of steric complementarity between the substrate and receptor. Last but not least, the crystal structures of selected adsorbates could be resolved, offering unprecedented snapshots on the capture process and enabling structural correlations with the separation mechanism.

16.
Chemistry ; 24(67): 17712-17718, 2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30084504

RESUMO

The presence of residual organic dyes in water resources or wastewater treatment systems, derived mainly from effluents of different industries, is a major environmental problem with no easy solution. Herein, an ecofriendly, water-stable metal-organic framework was prepared from a derivative of the natural amino acid l-serine. Its functional channels are densely decorated with highly flexible l-serine residues bearing hydroxyl groups. The presence of such a flexible and functional environment within the confined environment of the MOF leads to efficient removal of different organic dyes from water: Pyronin Y, Auramine O, Methylene Blue and Brilliant Green, as unveiled by unprecedented snapshots offered by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. This MOF enables highly efficient water remediation by capturing more than 90 % of dye content, even at very low concentrations such as 10 ppm, which is similar to those usually found in industrial wastewaters. Remarkably, the removal efficiency is improved in simulated contaminated mineral water with multiple dyes.

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(65): 9063-9066, 2018 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30052246

RESUMO

We report the application of a post-synthetic solid-state cation-exchange process to afford a novel 3D MOF with hydrated barium cations hosted at pores able to trigger selective and reversible SO2 adsorption. Computational modelling supports the full reversibility of the adsorption process on the basis of weak supramolecular interactions between SO2 and coordinated water molecules.

18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(49): 6356-6359, 2018 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29868666

RESUMO

We report a new chiral coordination polymer, prepared from the cytidine 5'-monophosphate (CMP) nucleotide, capable of separating efficiently (enantiomeric excess of ca. 100%) racemic mixtures of l- and d-Asp in a temperature-dependent manner. The crystal structure of the host-guest adsorbate, with the d-Asp guest molecules loaded within its channels, could be solved allowing a direct visualization of the chiral recognition process.

19.
J Am Chem Soc ; 140(28): 8827-8832, 2018 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29940112

RESUMO

The search for simple, earth-abundant, cheap, and nontoxic metal catalysts able to perform industrial hydrogenations is a topic of interest, transversal to many catalytic processes. Here, we show that isolated FeIII-O sites on solids are able to dissociate and chemoselectively transfer H2 to acetylene in an industrial process. For that, a novel, robust, and highly crystalline metal-organic framework (MOF), embedding FeIII-OH2 single sites within its pores, was prepared in multigram scale and used as an efficient catalyst for the hydrogenation of 1% acetylene in ethylene streams under front-end conditions. Cutting-edge X-ray crystallography allowed the resolution of the crystal structure and snapshotted the single-atom nature of the catalytic FeIII-O site. Translation of the active site concept to even more robust and inexpensive titania and zirconia supports enabled the industrially relevant hydrogenation of acetylene with similar activity to the Pd-catalyzed process.

20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(21): 6186-6191, 2018 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29600831

RESUMO

The gram-scale synthesis, stabilization, and characterization of well-defined ultrasmall subnanometric catalytic clusters on solids is a challenge. The chemical synthesis and X-ray snapshots of Pt02 clusters, homogenously distributed and densely packaged within the channels of a metal-organic framework, is presented. This hybrid material catalyzes efficiently, and even more importantly from an economic and environmental viewpoint, at low temperature (25 to 140 °C), energetically costly industrial reactions in the gas phase such as HCN production, CO2 methanation, and alkene hydrogenations. These results open the way for the design of precisely defined catalytically active ultrasmall metal clusters in solids for technically easier, cheaper, and dramatically less-dangerous industrial reactions.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA