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1.
Cardiovasc Toxicol ; 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557318

RESUMO

The causes of nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy are classified as genetic or nongenetic, but environmental factors such as metal pollutants may interact with genetic susceptibility. The presence of metal particles has been detected in the myocardium, including in those patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. It is also known that hypersensitivity reactions can induce inflammation in tissue. The present study aimed to verify if metal-induced delayed-type hypersensitivity is present in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. The patient group consisted of 30 patients with newly diagnosed dilated cardiomyopathy; the control group comprised 41 healthy subjects. All patients and control subjects provided blood samples for lymphocyte transformation testing (MELISA®) to assess possible hypersensitivity to seven common metals. Specific exposure to metals was based on interview data. Results showed that exposure to cadmium and lead (p = 0.0002), aluminum (p = 0.0006), nickel (p = 0.0012), and chromium (p = 0.0065) was more often reported by patients than controls. The patients also had significantly more frequent hypersensitivity reactions to mercury (26.7% vs. 7.3%, p = 0.014624), nickel (40% vs. 12.2%, p = 0.02341), and silver (20% vs. 4.8%, p = 0.025468) than the control group. Patients with dilated cardiomyopathy had greater exposure to certain metals compared with healthy controls. Hypersensitivity to metals was more frequent in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, suggesting a possible association that warrants further investigation.

2.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451223

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Release kinetics of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) T and I in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are incompletely understood. We aimed to assess whether hs-cTnT/I release in early AMI is near linear. METHODS: In a prospective diagnostic multicenter study the acute release of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI within 1 and 2hours from presentation to the emergency department was quantified using 3 hs-cTnT/I assays in patients with suspected AMI. The primary endpoint was correlation between hs-cTn changes from presentation to 1 hour vs changes from presentation to 2hours, among all AMI patients and different prespecified subgroups. The final diagnosis was adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists, based on serial hs-cTnT from the serial study blood samples and additional locally measured hs-cTn values. RESULTS: Among 2437 patients with complete hs-cTnT data, AMI was the adjudicated diagnosis in 376 patients (15%). For hs-cTnT, the correlation coefficient between 0- to 1-hour change and 0- to 2 hour change was 0.931 (95%CI, 0.916-0.944), P <.001. Similar findings were obtained with hs-cTnI (Architect) with correlation coefficients between 0- to 1-hour change and 0- to 2 hour change of 0.969 and hs-cTnI (Centaur) of 0.934 (P <.001 for both). Findings were consistent among type 1 and type 2 AMI and in the subgroup of patients presenting very early after chest pain onset. CONCLUSIONS: Patients presenting with early AMI showed a near linear release of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI. This near linearity provides the pathophysiological basis for rapid diagnostic algorithms using 0- to 1-hour changes as surrogates for 0- to 2 hour or 0- to 3 hour changes. Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT00470587).

3.
Eur J Intern Med ; 2020 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32312619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart rate (HR) at admission in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) has been shown to be an important risk marker of in-hospital mortality. However, its relation with mid and long-term prognosis as well as the impact of Ejection Fraction (EF) is unknown. Our objective was to study the relationship between long-term survival and HR at admission depending on EF in a cohort of patients hospitalized for AHF. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 2335 patients in sinus rhythm hospitalized for AHF from AHEAD registry. Patients with cardiogenic shock and AHF from surgical or non-cardiac etiology were excluded. RESULTS: Survival rates at 6 and 12 months were 84.8% and 78% respectively. Increased age, decreased diastolic BP, lack of PCI during hospitalization, increased creatinine level and increased HR (with different cut-offs according to EF categories) were found as predictors whatever the EF at 6 and 12 months. Optimal prognostic cut-offs of heart rate were identified for Heart Failure with reduced EF at 100 bpm, for Heart Failure with mid-range EF at 90 bpm and for Heart Failure with preserved EF at 80 bpm for both 6 and 12 months. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that HR at admission appears to be an independent prognostic parameter in AHF patients in sinus rhythm irrespective of EF and can be used to classify patients according to the severity of the disease.

4.
Eur Heart J ; 41(13): 1357-1364, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125360

RESUMO

AIMS: Recent data from national registries suggest that acute heart failure (AHF) outcomes might vary in men and women, however, it is not known whether this observation is universal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of biological sex and 1-year all-cause mortality in patients with AHF in various regions of the world. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed several AHF cohorts including GREAT registry (22 523 patients, mostly from Europe and Asia) and OPTIMIZE-HF (26 376 patients from the USA). Clinical characteristics and medication use at discharge were collected. Hazard ratios (HRs) for 1-year mortality according to biological sex were calculated using a Cox proportional hazards regression model with adjustment for baseline characteristics (e.g. age, comorbidities, clinical and laboratory parameters at admission, left ventricular ejection fraction). In the GREAT registry, women had a lower risk of death in the year following AHF [HR 0.86 (0.79-0.94), P < 0.001 after adjustment]. This was mostly driven by northeast Asia [n = 9135, HR 0.76 (0.67-0.87), P < 0.001], while no significant differences were seen in other countries. In the OPTIMIZE-HF registry, women also had a lower risk of 1-year death [HR 0.93 (0.89-0.97), P < 0.001]. In the GREAT registry, women were less often prescribed with a combination of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and beta-blockers at discharge (50% vs. 57%, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Globally women with AHF have a lower 1-year mortality and less evidenced-based treatment than men. Differences among countries need further investigation. Our findings merit consideration when designing future global clinical trials in AHF.

5.
Cardiorenal Med ; 10(2): 85-96, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The pathophysiology of acute kidney injury (AKI) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients remains poorly explored. The involvement of the nitric oxide (NO) pathway has been demonstrated in experimental ischemic AKI. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of circulating biomarkers of the NO pathway for AKI in STEMI patients. METHODS: Four hundred and twenty-seven STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention were included. The primary end point was AKI. Biomarkers of the NO pathway (plasma superoxide dismutase [SOD], uric acid, nitrite/nitrate [NOx], neopterin) as well as cardiac biomarkers (B-type natriuretic peptide [BNP] and troponin) were sampled 12 h after admission. The predictive value of circulating biomarkers was evaluated in addition to the multivariate clinical model. RESULTS: AKI developed in 8.9% of patients. The 3-month mortality was significantly higher in patients with AKI (34.2 vs. 4.1%; p < 0.001). SOD, uric acid, NOx, neopterin, BNP and troponin were significantly associated with the development of AKI (area under curve [AUC]-receiver operating curve [ROC] ranging between 0.70 and 0.81). In multivariate analysis cardiogenic shock, neopterin, NOx and troponin were independent predictors of AKI. AUC-ROC of the association of multibiomarkers and clinical model was 0.90 and outperformed the predictive value of the clinical model alone. OR of NOx ≥45 µmol/L was 8.0 (95% CI 3.1-20.6) for AKI. CONCLUSION: Biomarkers of the NO pathway are associated with the development of AKI in STEMI patients. These results provide insights into the pathophysiology of AKI and may serve at developing preventing strategies for AKI targeting this pathway.

6.
Clin Cardiol ; 42(8): 720-727, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is associated with a poorer prognosis in heart failure (HF) patients. Benefits of hyperuricemia treatment with allopurinol have not yet been confirmed in clinical practice. The aim of our work was to assess the benefit of allopurinol treatment in a large cohort of HF patients. METHODS: The prospective acute heart failure registry (AHEAD) was used to select 3160 hospitalized patients with a known level of uric acid (UA) who were discharged in a stable condition. Hyperuricemia was defined as UA ≥500 µmoL/L and/or allopurinol treatment at admission. The patients were classified into three groups: without hyperuricemia, with treated hyperuricemia, and with untreated hyperuricemia at discharge. Two- and five-year all-cause mortality were defined as endpoints. Patients without hyperuricemia, unlike those with hyperuricemia, had a higher left ventricular ejection fraction, a better renal function, and higher hemoglobin levels, had less frequently diabetes mellitus and atrial fibrillation, and showed better tolerance to treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers and/or beta-blockers. RESULTS: In a primary analysis, the patients without hyperuricemia had the highest survival rate. After using the propensity score to set up comparable groups, the patients without hyperuricemia had a similar 5-year survival rate as those with untreated hyperuricemia (42.0% vs 39.7%, P = 0.362) whereas those with treated hyperuricemia had a poorer prognosis (32.4% survival rate, P = 0.006 vs non-hyperuricemia group and P = 0.073 vs untreated group). CONCLUSION: Hyperuricemia was associated with an unfavorable cardiovascular risk profile in HF patients. Treatment with low doses of allopurinol did not improve the prognosis of HF patients.


Assuntos
Alopurinol/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Pontuação de Propensão , Sistema de Registros , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Causas de Morte , República Tcheca/epidemiologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Seguimentos , Supressores da Gota/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/sangue , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ácido Úrico/sangue
7.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0214363, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30913251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to guidelines, the prognosis of patients with chronic heart failure can be predicted by determining the levels of natriuretic peptides, the NYHA classification and comorbidities. The aim our work was to develop a prognostic score in chronic heart failure patients that would take account of patients' comorbidities, NYHA and NT-proBNP levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1,088 patients with chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) (LVEF<40%) and mid-range EF (HFmrEF) (LVEF 40-49%) were enrolled consecutively. Two-year all-cause mortality, heart transplantation and/or LVAD implantation were defined as the primary endpoint (EP). The occurrence of EP was 14.9% and grew with higher NYHA, namely 4.9% (NYHA I), 11.4% (NYHA II) and 27.8% (NYHA III-IV) (p<0.001). The occurrence of EP was 3%, 10% and 15-37% in patients with NT-proBNP levels ≤125 ng/L, 126-1000 ng/L and >1000 ng/L respectively. Discrimination abilities of NYHA and NT-proBNP were AUC 0.670 (p<0.001) and AUC 0.722 (p<0.001) respectively. The predictive value of the developed clinical model, which took account of older age, advanced heart failure (NYHA III+IV), anaemia, hyponatraemia, hyperuricaemia and being on a higher dose of furosemide (>40 mg daily) (AUC 0.773; p<0.001) was increased by adding the NT-proBNP level (AUC 0.790). CONCLUSION: The use of prediction models in patients with chronic heart failure, namely those taking account of natriuretic peptides, should become a standard in routine clinical practice. It might contribute to a better identification of a high-risk group of patients in which more intense treatment needs to be considered, such as heart transplantation or LVAD implantation.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/classificação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Transplante de Coração , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Sistema de Registros
8.
Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc ; 22: 174-176, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30906846

RESUMO

Background: The assessment of acute heart failure (AHF) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is challenging. This study tested whether measuring plasma adrenomedullin in patients admitted for ACS provides valuable information regarding the presence of AHF at admission or its occurrence during hospitalization. Methods and results: The study population consisted of 927 prospectively enrolled patients with ACS. Blood samples for the measurement of plasma bio-adrenomedullin (bio-ADM) were collected at admission. Patients with alveolar pulmonary edema and interstitial pulmonary edema on chest radiography at admission had stepwise higher plasma concentrations of bio-ADM compared to patients with no or mild pulmonary congestion: 54.3 ±â€¯10.6 vs. 27.6 ±â€¯2.1 vs. 22.5 ±â€¯0.7 ng/L, overall P < 0.001. Patients with ACS complicated by AHF during the index hospitalization displayed higher plasma bio-ADM concentrations at admission compared to patients without AHF (33.8 ±â€¯2.7 vs. 21.8 ±â€¯0.7, P < 0.001): the higher the severity of AHF, the higher plasma bio-ADM concentrations at admission. Patients with cardiogenic shock displayed the highest values. Accordingly, bio-ADM concentrations at admission were associated with a higher risk of occurrence of AHF during index hospitalization (odds ratio 1.018, 95% confidence interval 1.011-1.026, P < 0.001). Conclusions: Plasma adrenomedullin is a marker associated with AHF severity in patients with ACS.

9.
Vnitr Lek ; 65(1): 13-14, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30823832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congestive heart failure with reduced ejection fraction is a common clinical condition with a serious prognosis. Treatment focuses on improving the symptoms and preventing the progression of the disease. First-line therapy include angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). METHODS: These data come from the FAR NHL registry (FARmacology and NeuroHumoraL activation). This is a multicenter database of patients with stable systolic heart failure (EF < 50 %) collected between November 2014 and November 2015. RESULTS: A population of 1 100 patients was evaluated, the mean age was 65 years, 80.8 % were male. The etiology of heart failure was ischemic heart disease (49.7 %), dilated cardiomyopathy (41.7 %) and other (8.6 %). The total prescription of ACEI/ARB was 88.4 %, the most commonly prescribed ACEI were ramipril and perindopril, ARB was losartan. The prescription of ACEI/ARBs decreased with the severity of the disease according to NYHA classification (all 88.4 %, NYHA I 95.2 %, NYHA II 89.0 %, NYHA III-IV 83.5 %, p < 0.001). 129 subjects (11.6 %) were not treated by ACEI/ARBs at all. The target dose of ACEI/ARB, as it is recommended in the ESC Guidelines, was admissioned to only 13.5 % of patients. The dose was decreasing with the severity of disease evaluated by NYHA, NT-proBNP value, systolic blood pressure and renal functions. CONCLUSIONS: These data show the tendency of pharmacological prescription of RAAS blockers (including doses), which reflects not only the severity of heart failure but also renal functions and blood pressure and points to possible reserves in up-titration of the target dose. Key words: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors - angiotensin receptor blockers - FAR NHL - heart failure - pharmacotherapy - registry - target dose.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros
10.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 43(6): 1865-1877, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30537724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The rate of incidence and prevalence of acute kidney injury is increasing due to an increased number of patients with heart failure. Therefore it is very pertinent to early detect the level of renal injuries and to make necessary heart failure predictions. Thus the aim of this study is to determine renal functions and prognosis stratification in chronic heart failure patients and importance of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL), an early diagnostic marker of acute kidney injury, as well as stratification of cardiovascular risk in heart failure patients. METHODS: Data including age, gender, comorbidities and medical history of outpatients and hospitalized patients from Farmacology and NeuroHumoraL activation (FAR NHL) multicenter prospective registry comprising three Cardiological Centers in the Czech Republic were collected between 1st October 2014 and 30th November 2015. One-year follow-up data were collected in November 2016 in such a way that all patients had at least one-year data from the time of recruitment, but up to two years to the time of follow-up. One-year data were used for the whole set of patients while data up to 24 months were used with Kaplan-Meier's survival curves to analyse the patients' survival data. Blood samples were collected from the patients and basic parameters were evaluated in order to analyse Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and plasma levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-ProBNP) using Lipocalin-2/NGAL Human ELISA kit (Bio Vendor, Czechia) and the Cobas E411 NT-proBNP Immunoassay kit (Roche Diagnostics, Indianapolis, IN, USA) respectively. Statistical analysis was further carried out to explain the level of significance of the evaluated parameters using Spearman Correlation, Mann Whitney or Kruskal-Wallis test and log-rank test. RESULTS: Out of 547 patients from Farmacology and NeuroHumoraL activation (FAR NHL) multicenter prospective registry with available data on hospitalizations, mortality, biomarkers and one-year follow-up that were recorded, there were 439 males (80.3%) with a median age of 66 years. At least one-month stable patients with left ventricle ejection fraction (LV EF) under 50% were recorded. The etiology of heart failure was ischemic heart disease in 54%, dilated cardiomyopathy in 40% and others in 6%. 69% patients were in New York Heart Association functional class II. There were 76 events (13.9%; all-cause mortality, acute heart failure hospitalization, left ventricle assist device implantation and orthotopic heart transplant) in the first 365 days of follow-up. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was higher for NT-proBNP (0.77) than the creatinine (0.57), NGAL (0.55) or creatinine clearance (0.54). In multivariable analyses, NT-proBNP (P= 0.001) and NGAL (P = 0.004) were significant predictors of events. Subjects with NT-proBNP and NGAL above the cut off value (NT-proBNP 1,121 pg/ml, NGAL 80 ng/ml) survived without any event in 55.7%, subjects with NT-proBNP and NGAL under the cut off value survived without any event in 90.5%, after two years (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The findings of the study showed that NGAL associated with NT-proBNP was a stronger predictor of the primary endpoint than NGAL or NT-proBNP alone. The level of NGAL was rising in hypertension, ischemia, anemia, hypoalbuminemia, diabetes or arrhythmias.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Lipocalina-2/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , República Tcheca , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros
11.
Burns ; 44(8): 1887-1894, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30322739

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed at assessing the predictive value of plasmatic Neutrophil Gelatinase Associated Lipocalin (pNGAL) at admission and severity scores to predict major adverse kidney events (MAKE, defined as death and/or need for renal replacement therapy (RRT) and/or non-renal recovery at day 90) in critically ill burn patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Single-center cohort study in a burn critical care unit in a tertiary center, including all consecutive severely burn patients (total burned body surface >20%) from January 2012 until January 2015 with a pNGAL dosage at admission. Reclassification of patients was assessed by Integrated Discrimination Improvement (IDI). MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: 87 patients were included. Mean age was 47.7 (IQ 25-75: 33.4-65.2) years; total burn body surface area was 40 (IQ 25-75: 30-55) % and ICU mortality 36%. 39 (44.8%) patients presented a MAKE, 32 (88.9%) patients died at day 90. pNGAL was higher in the MAKE group (423 [IQ 25-75: 327-518]pg/mL vs 184 [IQ 25-75: 147-220]pg/mL, p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, pNGAL and abbreviated burn severity index (ABSI) remained associated with MAKE (OR 1.005 [CI 95% 1.0005-1.009], p=0.03 and OR 1.682 [CI95%1.038-2.726], p=0.035 respectively). Adding pNGAL to abbreviated burn severity index, simplified organ failure assessment and the simplified acute physiology score 2 did outperform clinical scores for the prediction of MAKE and AKI and for most severe forms of AKI and allowed a statistically significant reclassification of patients compared to ABSI for MAKE, RRT, AKI at Day 7 and AKI during hospitalization with a number of patients needed to screen to detect one extra episode of MAKE was 44, 13 for severe AKI and 15 for AKI. CONCLUSIONS: pNGAL at admission is associated with the risk of MAKE in this population, and outperform severity scores when associated. Interventional studies are now needed to assess if impact of biomarkers-guided strategies would improve outcome.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Queimaduras/sangue , Estado Terminal , Lipocalina-2/sangue , Mortalidade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Terapia de Substituição Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Queimaduras/metabolismo , Queimaduras/mortalidade , Estudos de Coortes , Creatinina/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco
12.
Eur Heart J ; 39(42): 3780-3794, 2018 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30169752

RESUMO

Aims: We aimed to evaluate the impact of age on the performance of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) 0/1h-algorithms and to derive and externally validate alternative cut-offs specific to older patients. Methods and results: We prospectively enrolled patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with symptoms suggestive of acute myocardial infarction in three large diagnostic studies. Final diagnoses were adjudicated by two independent cardiologists. High-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) T and I concentrations were measured at presentation and after 1 h. Patients were stratified according to age [<55 years (young), ≥55 to <70 years (middle-age), ≥70 years (old)]. Rule-out safety of the ESC hs-cTnT 0/1h-algorithm was very high in all age-strata: sensitivity 100% [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 94.9-100] in young, 99.3% (95% CI 96.0-99.9) in middle-age, and 99.3% (95% CI 97.5-99.8) in old patients. Accuracy of rule-in decreased with age: specificity 97.0% (95% CI 95.8-97.9) in young, 96.1% (95% CI 94.5-97.2) in middle-age, and 92.7% (95% CI 90.7-94.3) in older patients. Triage efficacy decreased with increasing age (young 93%, middle-age 80%, old 55%, P < 0.001). Similar results were found for the ESC hs-cTnT 0/1h-algorithm. Alternative, slightly higher cut-off concentrations optimized for older patients maintained very high safety of rule-out, increased specificity of rule-in (P < 0.01), reduced overall efficacy for hs-cTnT (P < 0.01), while maintaining efficacy for hs-cTnI. Findings were confirmed in two validation cohorts (n = 2767). Conclusion: While safety of the ESC 0/1h-algorithms remained very high, increasing age significantly reduced overall efficacy and the accuracy of rule-in. Alternative slightly higher cut-off concentrations may be considered for older patients, particularly if using hs-cTnI. Clinical Trial Registration: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00470587, number NCT00470587 and NCT02355457 (BACC).


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Algoritmos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Troponina/sangue
14.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 72(6): 620-632, 2018 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30071991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The safety of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) 0/1-h algorithm for rapid rule-out and rule-in of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) using high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) has been questioned. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to validate the diagnostic performance of the 0/1-h algorithm in a large multicenter study. METHODS: The authors prospectively enrolled unselected patients in 6 countries presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of NSTEMI. Final diagnosis was centrally adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists. Hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI blood concentrations were measured at presentation and after 1 h. Safety of rule-out was quantified by the negative predictive value (NPV) for NSTEMI, accuracy of rule-in by the positive predictive value (PPV), and overall efficacy by the proportion of patients triaged towards rule-out or rule-in within 1 h. RESULTS: Prevalence of NSTEMI was 17%. Among 4,368 patients with serial hs-cTnT measurements available, safety of rule-out (NPV 99.8%, 2,488 of 2,493), accuracy of rule-in (PPV 74.5%, 572 of 768), and overall efficacy were high by assigning three-fourths of patients either to rule-out (57%, 2,493 to 4,368) or rule-in (18%, 768 to 4,368). Similarly, among 3,500 patients with serial hs-cTnI measurements, safety of rule-out (NPV 99.7%, 1,528 of 1,533), accuracy of rule-in (PPV 62.3%, 498 of 800), and overall efficacy were high by assigning more than two-thirds of patients either to rule-out (44%, 1,533 of 3,500) or rule-in (23%, 800 of 3,500). Excellent safety was confirmed in multiple subgroup analyses including patients presenting early (≤3 h) after chest pain onset. CONCLUSIONS: The ESC 0/1-h algorithm using hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI is very safe and effective in triaging patients with suspected NSTEMI. (Advantageous Predictors of Acute Coronary Syndromes Evaluation [APACE]; NCT00470587; and Biomarkers in Acute Cardiac Care [BACC]; NCT02355457).


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Internacionalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Idoso , Dor no Peito/epidemiologia , Dor no Peito/fisiopatologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
15.
Intensive Care Med ; 44(6): 847-856, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29858926

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Catecholamines have been the mainstay of pharmacological treatment of cardiogenic shock (CS). Recently, use of epinephrine has been associated with detrimental outcomes. In the present study we aimed to evaluate the association between epinephrine use and short-term mortality in all-cause CS patients. DESIGN: We performed a meta-analysis of individual data with prespecified inclusion criteria: (1) patients in non-surgical CS treated with inotropes and/or vasopressors and (2) at least 15% of patients treated with epinephrine administrated alone or in association with other inotropes/vasopressors. The primary outcome was short-term mortality. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Fourteen published cohorts and two unpublished data sets were included. We studied 2583 patients. Across all cohorts of patients, the incidence of epinephrine use was 37% (17-76%) and short-term mortality rate was 49% (21-69%). A positive correlation was found between percentages of epinephrine use and short-term mortality in the CS cohort. The risk of death was higher in epinephrine-treated CS patients (OR [CI] = 3.3 [2.8-3.9]) compared to patients treated with other drug regimens. Adjusted mortality risk remained striking in epinephrine-treated patients (n = 1227) (adjusted OR = 4.7 [3.4-6.4]). After propensity score matching, two sets of 338 matched patients were identified and epinephrine use remained associated with a strong detrimental impact on short-term mortality (OR = 4.2 [3.0-6.0]). CONCLUSIONS: In this very large cohort, epinephrine use for hemodynamic management of CS patients is associated with a threefold increase of risk of death.


Assuntos
Epinefrina , Choque Cardiogênico/tratamento farmacológico , Vasoconstritores , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Epinefrina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Pontuação de Propensão , Choque Cardiogênico/mortalidade , Vasoconstritores/uso terapêutico
16.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(2): 199-205, 2018 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29778237

RESUMO

Changes in QRS duration and pattern are regarded to reflect severe ischemia in acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and ventricular conduction blocks (VCBs) are recognized high-risk markers in both ACS and acute heart failure. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence, temporal evolution, association with clinical and angiographic parameters, and impact on mortality of VCBs in ACS-related cardiogenic shock (CS). Data of 199 patients with ACS-related CS from a prospective multinational cohort were evaluated with electrocardiogram data from baseline and day 3. VCBs including left or right bundle branch block, right bundle branch block and hemiblock, isolated hemiblocks, and unspecified intraventricular conduction delay were assessed. Fifty percent of patients had a VCB at baseline; these patients were older, had poorer left ventricular function and had more often left main disease compared with those without VCB. One-year mortality was over 2-fold in patients with VCB compared with those without VCB (68% vs 32%, p<0.001). All types of VCBs at baseline were associated with increased mortality, and the predictive value of a VCB was independent of baseline variables and coronary angiography findings. Interestingly, 37% of the VCBs were transient, i.e., disappeared before day 3. However, 1-year mortality was much higher in these patients (69%) compared to patients with persistent (38%) or no VCB (15%, p<0.001). Indeed, a transient VCB was a strong independent predictor of 1-year mortality. In conclusion, our findings propose that any VCB in baseline electrocardiogram, even if transient, identifies very early patients at particularly high mortality risk in ACS-related CS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Bloqueio de Ramo/epidemiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Choque Cardiogênico/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bloqueio de Ramo/etiologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Angiografia Coronária , República Tcheca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Choque Cardiogênico/mortalidade , Choque Cardiogênico/fisiopatologia , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
17.
Cardiol J ; 25(5): 601-610, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29611166

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While prolongation of QRS duration and QTc interval during acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been reported in animals, limited data is available for these readily available electrocardiography (ECG) markers in humans. METHODS: Diagnostic and prognostic value of QRS duration and QTc interval in patients with suspected AMI in a prospective diagnostic multicentre study were prospectively assessed. Digital 12-lead ECGs were recorded at presentation. QRS duration and QTc interval were automatically calculated in a blinded fashion. Final diagnosis was adjudicated by two independent cardiologists. The prognostic endpoint was all-cause mortality during 24 months of follow-up. RESULTS: Among 4042 patients, AMI was the final diagnosis in 19% of patients. Median QRS duration and median QTc interval were significantly greater in patients with AMI compared to those with other final diagnoses (98 ms [IQR 88-108] vs. 94 ms [IQR 86-102] and 436 ms [IQR 414-462] vs. 425 ms [IQR 407-445], p < 0.001 for both comparisons). The diagnostic value of both ECG signatures however was only modest (AUC 0.56 and 0.60). Cumulative mortality rates after 2 years were 15.9% vs. 5.6% in patients with a QRS > 120 ms compared to a QRS duration ≤ 120 ms (p < 0.001), and 11.4% vs. 4.3% in patients with a QTc > 440 ms compared to a QRS duration ≤ 440 ms (p < 0.001). After adjustment for age and important ECG and clinical parameters, the QTc interval but not QRS duration remained an independent predictor of mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Prolongation of QRS duration > 120 ms and QTc interval > 440 ms predict mortality in patients with suspected AMI, but do not add diagnostic value.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte/tendências , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
19.
Vnitr Lek ; 63(12): 935-944, 2018.
Artigo em Tcheco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29334742

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Early diagnostics of this disease helps in the appropriate treatment of patients. Great attention is paid to the diagnostic and risk stratification of patients according to circulating biomarkers. There are a lot of scientific publications describing this topic. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive overview of the most important and most examined biomarkers in acute coronary syndrome. Meanwhile troponin takes a fundamental place for AMI diagnostic (mostly the high-sensitive methods) in preference to MB-fraction of creatine kinase and myoglobin. The connection to a higher sudden death risk, reinfarcts and heart failure occurring was also proved by many other biomarkers. The most important of them are the natriuretic peptides, the C-reactive protein, the heart fatty acid binding protein, the pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A, CD146, cystatin C, NGAL, copeptin, MR-proadrenomedullin, and the growth differentiation factor-15. More prospective randomized studies are needed for the further use of these other biomarkers in clinical practice.Key words: acute coronary syndrome - biomarkers.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diagnóstico Precoce , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos
20.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 107(3): 214-221, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29080909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The interaction between chronic medications on admission and the association between serum potassium level and outcome in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) are unknown. METHODS: Observational intercontinental study of patients admitted with AHF. 15954 patients were included from 12 cohorts in 4 continents. Main outcome was 90-day mortality. Clinical presentation (medication use, hemodynamics, comorbidities), demographic, echocardiographic, and biochemical data on admission were recorded prospectively in each cohort, with prospective adjudication of outcomes. RESULTS: Positive and negative linear relationships between 90-day mortality and sK+ above 4.5 mmol/L (hyperkalemia) and below 3.5 mmol/L (hypo-kalemia) were observed. Hazard ratio for death was 1.46 [1.34-1.58] for hyperkalemia and 1.22 [1.06-1.40] for hypokalemia. In a fully adjusted model, only hyperkalemia remained associated with mortality (HR 1.03 [1.02-1.04] for each 0.1 mmol/l change of sK+ above 4.5 mmol/L). Interaction tests revealed that the association between hyperkalemia and outcome was significantly affected by chronic medications. The association between hyperkalemia and mortality was absent for patients treated with beta blockers and in those with preserved renal function. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF, sK+ > 4.5 mmol/L appears to be associated with 90-day mortality. B-blockers have potentially a protective effect in the setting of hyperkalemia.


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Hiperpotassemia/etiologia , Hipopotassemia/etiologia , Potássio/sangue , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hiperpotassemia/mortalidade , Hiperpotassemia/prevenção & controle , Hipopotassemia/mortalidade , Hipopotassemia/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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