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1.
Clin Cardiol ; 42(8): 720-727, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is associated with a poorer prognosis in heart failure (HF) patients. Benefits of hyperuricemia treatment with allopurinol have not yet been confirmed in clinical practice. The aim of our work was to assess the benefit of allopurinol treatment in a large cohort of HF patients. METHODS: The prospective acute heart failure registry (AHEAD) was used to select 3160 hospitalized patients with a known level of uric acid (UA) who were discharged in a stable condition. Hyperuricemia was defined as UA ≥500 µmoL/L and/or allopurinol treatment at admission. The patients were classified into three groups: without hyperuricemia, with treated hyperuricemia, and with untreated hyperuricemia at discharge. Two- and five-year all-cause mortality were defined as endpoints. Patients without hyperuricemia, unlike those with hyperuricemia, had a higher left ventricular ejection fraction, a better renal function, and higher hemoglobin levels, had less frequently diabetes mellitus and atrial fibrillation, and showed better tolerance to treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers and/or beta-blockers. RESULTS: In a primary analysis, the patients without hyperuricemia had the highest survival rate. After using the propensity score to set up comparable groups, the patients without hyperuricemia had a similar 5-year survival rate as those with untreated hyperuricemia (42.0% vs 39.7%, P = 0.362) whereas those with treated hyperuricemia had a poorer prognosis (32.4% survival rate, P = 0.006 vs non-hyperuricemia group and P = 0.073 vs untreated group). CONCLUSION: Hyperuricemia was associated with an unfavorable cardiovascular risk profile in HF patients. Treatment with low doses of allopurinol did not improve the prognosis of HF patients.

2.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0214363, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30913251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to guidelines, the prognosis of patients with chronic heart failure can be predicted by determining the levels of natriuretic peptides, the NYHA classification and comorbidities. The aim our work was to develop a prognostic score in chronic heart failure patients that would take account of patients' comorbidities, NYHA and NT-proBNP levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1,088 patients with chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) (LVEF<40%) and mid-range EF (HFmrEF) (LVEF 40-49%) were enrolled consecutively. Two-year all-cause mortality, heart transplantation and/or LVAD implantation were defined as the primary endpoint (EP). The occurrence of EP was 14.9% and grew with higher NYHA, namely 4.9% (NYHA I), 11.4% (NYHA II) and 27.8% (NYHA III-IV) (p<0.001). The occurrence of EP was 3%, 10% and 15-37% in patients with NT-proBNP levels ≤125 ng/L, 126-1000 ng/L and >1000 ng/L respectively. Discrimination abilities of NYHA and NT-proBNP were AUC 0.670 (p<0.001) and AUC 0.722 (p<0.001) respectively. The predictive value of the developed clinical model, which took account of older age, advanced heart failure (NYHA III+IV), anaemia, hyponatraemia, hyperuricaemia and being on a higher dose of furosemide (>40 mg daily) (AUC 0.773; p<0.001) was increased by adding the NT-proBNP level (AUC 0.790). CONCLUSION: The use of prediction models in patients with chronic heart failure, namely those taking account of natriuretic peptides, should become a standard in routine clinical practice. It might contribute to a better identification of a high-risk group of patients in which more intense treatment needs to be considered, such as heart transplantation or LVAD implantation.

3.
Vnitr Lek ; 65(1): 13-14, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30823832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congestive heart failure with reduced ejection fraction is a common clinical condition with a serious prognosis. Treatment focuses on improving the symptoms and preventing the progression of the disease. First-line therapy include angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). METHODS: These data come from the FAR NHL registry (FARmacology and NeuroHumoraL activation). This is a multicenter database of patients with stable systolic heart failure (EF < 50 %) collected between November 2014 and November 2015. RESULTS: A population of 1 100 patients was evaluated, the mean age was 65 years, 80.8 % were male. The etiology of heart failure was ischemic heart disease (49.7 %), dilated cardiomyopathy (41.7 %) and other (8.6 %). The total prescription of ACEI/ARB was 88.4 %, the most commonly prescribed ACEI were ramipril and perindopril, ARB was losartan. The prescription of ACEI/ARBs decreased with the severity of the disease according to NYHA classification (all 88.4 %, NYHA I 95.2 %, NYHA II 89.0 %, NYHA III-IV 83.5 %, p < 0.001). 129 subjects (11.6 %) were not treated by ACEI/ARBs at all. The target dose of ACEI/ARB, as it is recommended in the ESC Guidelines, was admissioned to only 13.5 % of patients. The dose was decreasing with the severity of disease evaluated by NYHA, NT-proBNP value, systolic blood pressure and renal functions. CONCLUSIONS: These data show the tendency of pharmacological prescription of RAAS blockers (including doses), which reflects not only the severity of heart failure but also renal functions and blood pressure and points to possible reserves in up-titration of the target dose. Key words: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors - angiotensin receptor blockers - FAR NHL - heart failure - pharmacotherapy - registry - target dose.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros
4.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 43(6): 1865-1877, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30537724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The rate of incidence and prevalence of acute kidney injury is increasing due to an increased number of patients with heart failure. Therefore it is very pertinent to early detect the level of renal injuries and to make necessary heart failure predictions. Thus the aim of this study is to determine renal functions and prognosis stratification in chronic heart failure patients and importance of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL), an early diagnostic marker of acute kidney injury, as well as stratification of cardiovascular risk in heart failure patients. METHODS: Data including age, gender, comorbidities and medical history of outpatients and hospitalized patients from Farmacology and NeuroHumoraL activation (FAR NHL) multicenter prospective registry comprising three Cardiological Centers in the Czech Republic were collected between 1st October 2014 and 30th November 2015. One-year follow-up data were collected in November 2016 in such a way that all patients had at least one-year data from the time of recruitment, but up to two years to the time of follow-up. One-year data were used for the whole set of patients while data up to 24 months were used with Kaplan-Meier's survival curves to analyse the patients' survival data. Blood samples were collected from the patients and basic parameters were evaluated in order to analyse Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and plasma levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-ProBNP) using Lipocalin-2/NGAL Human ELISA kit (Bio Vendor, Czechia) and the Cobas E411 NT-proBNP Immunoassay kit (Roche Diagnostics, Indianapolis, IN, USA) respectively. Statistical analysis was further carried out to explain the level of significance of the evaluated parameters using Spearman Correlation, Mann Whitney or Kruskal-Wallis test and log-rank test. RESULTS: Out of 547 patients from Farmacology and NeuroHumoraL activation (FAR NHL) multicenter prospective registry with available data on hospitalizations, mortality, biomarkers and one-year follow-up that were recorded, there were 439 males (80.3%) with a median age of 66 years. At least one-month stable patients with left ventricle ejection fraction (LV EF) under 50% were recorded. The etiology of heart failure was ischemic heart disease in 54%, dilated cardiomyopathy in 40% and others in 6%. 69% patients were in New York Heart Association functional class II. There were 76 events (13.9%; all-cause mortality, acute heart failure hospitalization, left ventricle assist device implantation and orthotopic heart transplant) in the first 365 days of follow-up. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was higher for NT-proBNP (0.77) than the creatinine (0.57), NGAL (0.55) or creatinine clearance (0.54). In multivariable analyses, NT-proBNP (P= 0.001) and NGAL (P = 0.004) were significant predictors of events. Subjects with NT-proBNP and NGAL above the cut off value (NT-proBNP 1,121 pg/ml, NGAL 80 ng/ml) survived without any event in 55.7%, subjects with NT-proBNP and NGAL under the cut off value survived without any event in 90.5%, after two years (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The findings of the study showed that NGAL associated with NT-proBNP was a stronger predictor of the primary endpoint than NGAL or NT-proBNP alone. The level of NGAL was rising in hypertension, ischemia, anemia, hypoalbuminemia, diabetes or arrhythmias.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Lipocalina-2/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , República Tcheca , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros
5.
Burns ; 44(8): 1887-1894, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30322739

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed at assessing the predictive value of plasmatic Neutrophil Gelatinase Associated Lipocalin (pNGAL) at admission and severity scores to predict major adverse kidney events (MAKE, defined as death and/or need for renal replacement therapy (RRT) and/or non-renal recovery at day 90) in critically ill burn patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Single-center cohort study in a burn critical care unit in a tertiary center, including all consecutive severely burn patients (total burned body surface >20%) from January 2012 until January 2015 with a pNGAL dosage at admission. Reclassification of patients was assessed by Integrated Discrimination Improvement (IDI). MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: 87 patients were included. Mean age was 47.7 (IQ 25-75: 33.4-65.2) years; total burn body surface area was 40 (IQ 25-75: 30-55) % and ICU mortality 36%. 39 (44.8%) patients presented a MAKE, 32 (88.9%) patients died at day 90. pNGAL was higher in the MAKE group (423 [IQ 25-75: 327-518]pg/mL vs 184 [IQ 25-75: 147-220]pg/mL, p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, pNGAL and abbreviated burn severity index (ABSI) remained associated with MAKE (OR 1.005 [CI 95% 1.0005-1.009], p=0.03 and OR 1.682 [CI95%1.038-2.726], p=0.035 respectively). Adding pNGAL to abbreviated burn severity index, simplified organ failure assessment and the simplified acute physiology score 2 did outperform clinical scores for the prediction of MAKE and AKI and for most severe forms of AKI and allowed a statistically significant reclassification of patients compared to ABSI for MAKE, RRT, AKI at Day 7 and AKI during hospitalization with a number of patients needed to screen to detect one extra episode of MAKE was 44, 13 for severe AKI and 15 for AKI. CONCLUSIONS: pNGAL at admission is associated with the risk of MAKE in this population, and outperform severity scores when associated. Interventional studies are now needed to assess if impact of biomarkers-guided strategies would improve outcome.

7.
Eur Heart J ; 39(42): 3780-3794, 2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30169752

RESUMO

Aims: We aimed to evaluate the impact of age on the performance of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) 0/1h-algorithms and to derive and externally validate alternative cut-offs specific to older patients. Methods and results: We prospectively enrolled patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with symptoms suggestive of acute myocardial infarction in three large diagnostic studies. Final diagnoses were adjudicated by two independent cardiologists. High-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) T and I concentrations were measured at presentation and after 1 h. Patients were stratified according to age [<55 years (young), ≥55 to <70 years (middle-age), ≥70 years (old)]. Rule-out safety of the ESC hs-cTnT 0/1h-algorithm was very high in all age-strata: sensitivity 100% [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 94.9-100] in young, 99.3% (95% CI 96.0-99.9) in middle-age, and 99.3% (95% CI 97.5-99.8) in old patients. Accuracy of rule-in decreased with age: specificity 97.0% (95% CI 95.8-97.9) in young, 96.1% (95% CI 94.5-97.2) in middle-age, and 92.7% (95% CI 90.7-94.3) in older patients. Triage efficacy decreased with increasing age (young 93%, middle-age 80%, old 55%, P < 0.001). Similar results were found for the ESC hs-cTnT 0/1h-algorithm. Alternative, slightly higher cut-off concentrations optimized for older patients maintained very high safety of rule-out, increased specificity of rule-in (P < 0.01), reduced overall efficacy for hs-cTnT (P < 0.01), while maintaining efficacy for hs-cTnI. Findings were confirmed in two validation cohorts (n = 2767). Conclusion: While safety of the ESC 0/1h-algorithms remained very high, increasing age significantly reduced overall efficacy and the accuracy of rule-in. Alternative slightly higher cut-off concentrations may be considered for older patients, particularly if using hs-cTnI. Clinical Trial Registration: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00470587, number NCT00470587 and NCT02355457 (BACC).

8.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 72(6): 620-632, 2018 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30071991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The safety of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) 0/1-h algorithm for rapid rule-out and rule-in of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) using high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) has been questioned. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to validate the diagnostic performance of the 0/1-h algorithm in a large multicenter study. METHODS: The authors prospectively enrolled unselected patients in 6 countries presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of NSTEMI. Final diagnosis was centrally adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists. Hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI blood concentrations were measured at presentation and after 1 h. Safety of rule-out was quantified by the negative predictive value (NPV) for NSTEMI, accuracy of rule-in by the positive predictive value (PPV), and overall efficacy by the proportion of patients triaged towards rule-out or rule-in within 1 h. RESULTS: Prevalence of NSTEMI was 17%. Among 4,368 patients with serial hs-cTnT measurements available, safety of rule-out (NPV 99.8%, 2,488 of 2,493), accuracy of rule-in (PPV 74.5%, 572 of 768), and overall efficacy were high by assigning three-fourths of patients either to rule-out (57%, 2,493 to 4,368) or rule-in (18%, 768 to 4,368). Similarly, among 3,500 patients with serial hs-cTnI measurements, safety of rule-out (NPV 99.7%, 1,528 of 1,533), accuracy of rule-in (PPV 62.3%, 498 of 800), and overall efficacy were high by assigning more than two-thirds of patients either to rule-out (44%, 1,533 of 3,500) or rule-in (23%, 800 of 3,500). Excellent safety was confirmed in multiple subgroup analyses including patients presenting early (≤3 h) after chest pain onset. CONCLUSIONS: The ESC 0/1-h algorithm using hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI is very safe and effective in triaging patients with suspected NSTEMI. (Advantageous Predictors of Acute Coronary Syndromes Evaluation [APACE]; NCT00470587; and Biomarkers in Acute Cardiac Care [BACC]; NCT02355457).

9.
Intensive Care Med ; 44(6): 847-856, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29858926

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Catecholamines have been the mainstay of pharmacological treatment of cardiogenic shock (CS). Recently, use of epinephrine has been associated with detrimental outcomes. In the present study we aimed to evaluate the association between epinephrine use and short-term mortality in all-cause CS patients. DESIGN: We performed a meta-analysis of individual data with prespecified inclusion criteria: (1) patients in non-surgical CS treated with inotropes and/or vasopressors and (2) at least 15% of patients treated with epinephrine administrated alone or in association with other inotropes/vasopressors. The primary outcome was short-term mortality. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Fourteen published cohorts and two unpublished data sets were included. We studied 2583 patients. Across all cohorts of patients, the incidence of epinephrine use was 37% (17-76%) and short-term mortality rate was 49% (21-69%). A positive correlation was found between percentages of epinephrine use and short-term mortality in the CS cohort. The risk of death was higher in epinephrine-treated CS patients (OR [CI] = 3.3 [2.8-3.9]) compared to patients treated with other drug regimens. Adjusted mortality risk remained striking in epinephrine-treated patients (n = 1227) (adjusted OR = 4.7 [3.4-6.4]). After propensity score matching, two sets of 338 matched patients were identified and epinephrine use remained associated with a strong detrimental impact on short-term mortality (OR = 4.2 [3.0-6.0]). CONCLUSIONS: In this very large cohort, epinephrine use for hemodynamic management of CS patients is associated with a threefold increase of risk of death.

10.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(2): 199-205, 2018 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29778237

RESUMO

Changes in QRS duration and pattern are regarded to reflect severe ischemia in acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and ventricular conduction blocks (VCBs) are recognized high-risk markers in both ACS and acute heart failure. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence, temporal evolution, association with clinical and angiographic parameters, and impact on mortality of VCBs in ACS-related cardiogenic shock (CS). Data of 199 patients with ACS-related CS from a prospective multinational cohort were evaluated with electrocardiogram data from baseline and day 3. VCBs including left or right bundle branch block, right bundle branch block and hemiblock, isolated hemiblocks, and unspecified intraventricular conduction delay were assessed. Fifty percent of patients had a VCB at baseline; these patients were older, had poorer left ventricular function and had more often left main disease compared with those without VCB. One-year mortality was over 2-fold in patients with VCB compared with those without VCB (68% vs 32%, p<0.001). All types of VCBs at baseline were associated with increased mortality, and the predictive value of a VCB was independent of baseline variables and coronary angiography findings. Interestingly, 37% of the VCBs were transient, i.e., disappeared before day 3. However, 1-year mortality was much higher in these patients (69%) compared to patients with persistent (38%) or no VCB (15%, p<0.001). Indeed, a transient VCB was a strong independent predictor of 1-year mortality. In conclusion, our findings propose that any VCB in baseline electrocardiogram, even if transient, identifies very early patients at particularly high mortality risk in ACS-related CS.

11.
Cardiol J ; 25(5): 601-610, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29611166

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While prolongation of QRS duration and QTc interval during acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been reported in animals, limited data is available for these readily available electrocardiography (ECG) markers in humans. METHODS: Diagnostic and prognostic value of QRS duration and QTc interval in patients with suspected AMI in a prospective diagnostic multicentre study were prospectively assessed. Digital 12-lead ECGs were recorded at presentation. QRS duration and QTc interval were automatically calculated in a blinded fashion. Final diagnosis was adjudicated by two independent cardiologists. The prognostic endpoint was all-cause mortality during 24 months of follow-up. RESULTS: Among 4042 patients, AMI was the final diagnosis in 19% of patients. Median QRS duration and median QTc interval were significantly greater in patients with AMI compared to those with other final diagnoses (98 ms [IQR 88-108] vs. 94 ms [IQR 86-102] and 436 ms [IQR 414-462] vs. 425 ms [IQR 407-445], p < 0.001 for both comparisons). The diagnostic value of both ECG signatures however was only modest (AUC 0.56 and 0.60). Cumulative mortality rates after 2 years were 15.9% vs. 5.6% in patients with a QRS > 120 ms compared to a QRS duration ≤ 120 ms (p < 0.001), and 11.4% vs. 4.3% in patients with a QTc > 440 ms compared to a QRS duration ≤ 440 ms (p < 0.001). After adjustment for age and important ECG and clinical parameters, the QTc interval but not QRS duration remained an independent predictor of mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Prolongation of QRS duration > 120 ms and QTc interval > 440 ms predict mortality in patients with suspected AMI, but do not add diagnostic value.

13.
Vnitr Lek ; 63(12): 935-944, 2018.
Artigo em Tcheco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29334742

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Early diagnostics of this disease helps in the appropriate treatment of patients. Great attention is paid to the diagnostic and risk stratification of patients according to circulating biomarkers. There are a lot of scientific publications describing this topic. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive overview of the most important and most examined biomarkers in acute coronary syndrome. Meanwhile troponin takes a fundamental place for AMI diagnostic (mostly the high-sensitive methods) in preference to MB-fraction of creatine kinase and myoglobin. The connection to a higher sudden death risk, reinfarcts and heart failure occurring was also proved by many other biomarkers. The most important of them are the natriuretic peptides, the C-reactive protein, the heart fatty acid binding protein, the pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A, CD146, cystatin C, NGAL, copeptin, MR-proadrenomedullin, and the growth differentiation factor-15. More prospective randomized studies are needed for the further use of these other biomarkers in clinical practice.Key words: acute coronary syndrome - biomarkers.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diagnóstico Precoce , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos
14.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 107(3): 214-221, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29080909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The interaction between chronic medications on admission and the association between serum potassium level and outcome in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) are unknown. METHODS: Observational intercontinental study of patients admitted with AHF. 15954 patients were included from 12 cohorts in 4 continents. Main outcome was 90-day mortality. Clinical presentation (medication use, hemodynamics, comorbidities), demographic, echocardiographic, and biochemical data on admission were recorded prospectively in each cohort, with prospective adjudication of outcomes. RESULTS: Positive and negative linear relationships between 90-day mortality and sK+ above 4.5 mmol/L (hyperkalemia) and below 3.5 mmol/L (hypo-kalemia) were observed. Hazard ratio for death was 1.46 [1.34-1.58] for hyperkalemia and 1.22 [1.06-1.40] for hypokalemia. In a fully adjusted model, only hyperkalemia remained associated with mortality (HR 1.03 [1.02-1.04] for each 0.1 mmol/l change of sK+ above 4.5 mmol/L). Interaction tests revealed that the association between hyperkalemia and outcome was significantly affected by chronic medications. The association between hyperkalemia and mortality was absent for patients treated with beta blockers and in those with preserved renal function. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF, sK+ > 4.5 mmol/L appears to be associated with 90-day mortality. B-blockers have potentially a protective effect in the setting of hyperkalemia.


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Hiperpotassemia/etiologia , Hipopotassemia/etiologia , Potássio/sangue , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hiperpotassemia/mortalidade , Hiperpotassemia/prevenção & controle , Hipopotassemia/mortalidade , Hipopotassemia/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
15.
Circulation ; 137(5): 436-451, 2018 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29101287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The European Society of Cardiology recommends a 0/1-hour algorithm for rapid rule-out and rule-in of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction using high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) concentrations irrespective of renal function. Because patients with renal dysfunction (RD) frequently present with increased hs-cTn concentrations even in the absence of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, concern has been raised regarding the performance of the 0/1-hour algorithm in RD. METHODS: In a prospective multicenter diagnostic study enrolling unselected patients presenting with suspected non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction to the emergency department, we assessed the diagnostic performance of the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm using hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI in patients with RD, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, and compared it to patients with normal renal function. The final diagnosis was centrally adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists using all available information, including cardiac imaging. Safety was quantified as sensitivity in the rule-out zone, accuracy as the specificity in the rule-in zone, and efficacy as the proportion of the overall cohort assigned to either rule-out or rule-in based on the 0- and 1-hour sample. RESULTS: Among 3254 patients, RD was present in 487 patients (15%). The prevalence of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction was substantially higher in patients with RD compared with patients with normal renal function (31% versus 13%, P<0.001). Using hs-cTnT, patients with RD had comparable sensitivity of rule-out (100.0% [95% confidence interval {CI}, 97.6-100.0] versus 99.2% [95% CI, 97.6-99.8]; P=0.559), lower specificity of rule-in (88.7% [95% CI, 84.8-91.9] versus 96.5% [95% CI, 95.7-97.2]; P<0.001), and lower overall efficacy (51% versus 81%, P<0.001), mainly driven by a much lower percentage of patients eligible for rule-out (18% versus 68%, P<0.001) compared with patients with normal renal function. Using hs-cTnI, patients with RD had comparable sensitivity of rule-out (98.6% [95% CI, 95.0-99.8] versus 98.5% [95% CI, 96.5-99.5]; P=1.0), lower specificity of rule-in (84.4% [95% CI, 79.9-88.3] versus 91.7% [95% CI, 90.5-92.9]; P<0.001), and lower overall efficacy (54% versus 76%, P<0.001; proportion ruled out, 18% versus 58%, P<0.001) compared with patients with normal renal function. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with RD, the safety of the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm is high, but specificity of rule-in and overall efficacy are decreased. Modifications of the rule-in and rule-out thresholds did not improve the safety or overall efficacy of the 0/1-hour algorithm. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00470587.

16.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 20(2): 345-354, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28849606

RESUMO

AIMS: Heart failure oral therapies (HFOTs), including beta-blockers (BB), renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASi) and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists, administered before hospital discharge after acute heart failure (AHF) might improve outcome. However, concerns have been raised because early administration of HFOTs may worsen patient's condition. We hypothesized that HFOTs at hospital discharge might be associated with better post-discharge survival. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population was composed of 19 980 AHF patients from the GREAT registry. The primary and secondary outcomes were 90-day and 1-year all-cause mortality, respectively. Survival was estimated with univariate and covariate-adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models for the whole population and after propensity-score matching. HFOTs at discharge were consistently associated with no excess mortality in the unadjusted and adjusted analyses of the whole and matched cohorts. In the matched cohort, BB and RASi at discharge were associated with lower 90-day mortality risks compared to the respective untreated groups [hazard ratio (HR) 0.56, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.46-0.69; and HR 0.53, 95% CI 0.42-0.66, respectively]. The favourable associations of BB and RASi at discharge with 90-day mortality were present in many subgroups including patients with reduced or preserved left ventricular ejection fraction and persisted up to 1 year after discharge. The combination of RASi and BB was associated with an even lower risk of death than RASi or BB alone. CONCLUSIONS: Administration of HFOTs at hospital discharge is associated with better survival of AHF patients.

17.
J Transl Med ; 15(1): 153, 2017 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28673328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is recommended for patients with chronic heart failure to improve their functional capacity, and walking is a popular, effective, and safe form of physical activity. Pedometers have shown potential to increase the amount of walking across a range of chronic diseases, but it is unknown whether a pedometer-based intervention improves functional capacity and neurohumoral modulation in heart failure patients. METHODS: Two multicenter randomized controlled trials will be conducted in parallel: one in patients with chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), the other in patients with chronic heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Each trial will consist of a 6-month intervention with an assessment at baseline, at 3 months, at the end of the intervention, and 6 months after completing the intervention. Each trial will aim to include a total of 200 physically inactive participants with chronic heart failure who will be randomly assigned to intervention or control arms. The 6-month intervention will consist of an individualized pedometer-based walking program with weekly step goals, behavioral face-to-face sessions with a physician, and regular telephone calls with a research nurse. The intervention will be based on effective behavioral principles (goal setting, self-monitoring, personalized feedback). The primary outcome is the change in 6-min walk distance at the end of the 6-month intervention. Secondary outcomes include changes in serum biomarkers levels, pulmonary congestion assessed by ultrasound, average daily step count measured by accelerometry, anthropometric measures, symptoms of depression, health-related quality of life, self-efficacy, and MAGGIC risk score. DISCUSSION: To our knowledge, these are the first studies to evaluate a pedometer-based walking intervention in patients with chronic heart failure with either reduced or preserved ejection fraction. The studies will contribute to a better understanding of physical activity promotion in heart failure patients to inform future physical activity recommendations and heart failure guidelines. Trial registration The trials are registered in ClinicalTrials.gov, identifiers: NCT03041610, registered 29 January 2017 (HFrEF), NCT03041376, registered 1 February 2017 (HFpEF).


Assuntos
Actigrafia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico , Caminhada/fisiologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)
18.
Circulation ; 135(17): 1597-1611, 2017 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28283497

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Four strategies for very early rule-out of acute myocardial infarction using high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) have been identified. It remains unclear which strategy is most attractive for clinical application. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled unselected patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of acute myocardial infarction. The final diagnosis was adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists. Hs-cTnI levels were measured at presentation and after 1 hour in a blinded fashion. We directly compared all 4 hs-cTnI-based rule-out strategies: limit of detection (LOD, hs-cTnI<2 ng/L), single cutoff (hs-cTnI<5 ng/L), 1-hour algorithm (hs-cTnI<5 ng/L and 1-hour change<2 ng/L), and the 0/1-hour algorithm recommended in the European Society of Cardiology guideline combining LOD and 1-hour algorithm. RESULTS: Among 2828 enrolled patients, acute myocardial infarction was the final diagnosis in 451 (16%) patients. The LOD approach ruled out 453 patients (16%) with a sensitivity of 100% (95% confidence interval [CI], 99.2%-100%), the single cutoff 1516 patients (54%) with a sensitivity of 97.1% (95% CI, 95.1%-98.3%), the 1-hour algorithm 1459 patients (52%) with a sensitivity of 98.4% (95% CI, 96.8%-99.2%), and the 0/1-hour algorithm 1463 patients (52%) with a sensitivity of 98.4% (95% CI, 96.8%-99.2%). Predefined subgroup analysis in early presenters (≤2 hours) revealed significantly lower sensitivity (94.2%, interaction P=0.03) of the single cutoff, but not the other strategies. Two-year survival was 100% with LOD and 98.1% with the other strategies (P<0.01 for LOD versus each of the other strategies). CONCLUSIONS: All 4 rule-out strategies balance effectiveness and safety equally well. The single cutoff should not be applied in early presenters, whereas the 3 other strategies seem to perform well in this challenging subgroup. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00470587.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Algoritmos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Eletrocardiografia , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Regulação para Cima
19.
ESC Heart Fail ; 4(1): 8-15, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28217307

RESUMO

AIMS: The randomized clinical trial RELAX-AHF demonstrated a positive effect of vasodilator therapy with serelaxin in the treatment of AHF patients. The aim of our study was to compare clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients from the AHEAD registry who met criteria of the RELAX-AHF trial (relax-comparable group) with the same characteristics and outcomes of patients from the AHEAD registry who did not meet those criteria (relax-non-comparable group), and finally with characteristics and outcomes of patients from the RELAX-AHF trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 5856 patients from the AHEAD registry (Czech registry of AHF) were divided into two groups according to RELAX-AHF criteria: relax-comparable (n = 1361) and relax-non-comparable (n = 4495). As compared with the relax-non-comparable group, patients in the relax-comparable group were older, had higher levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, lower creatinine clearance, and a higher number of comorbidities. Relax-comparable patients also had significantly lower short-term as well as long-term mortality rates in comparison to relax-non-comparable patients, but a significantly higher mortality rate in comparison to the placebo group of patients from the RELAX-AHF trial. Using AHEAD score, we have identified higher-risk patients from relax-comparable group who might potentially benefit from new therapeutic approaches in the future. CONCLUSIONS: Only about one in five of all evaluated patients met criteria for the potential treatment with the new vasodilator serelaxin. AHF patients from the real clinical practice had a higher mortality when compared with patients from the randomized clinical trial.

20.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 106(6): 457-467, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28150185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients with mild elevations of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) is a challenge. It is unclear whether copeptin, a marker of endogenous stress, or 1h-hs-cTn changes are better suited to address this important unmet clinical need. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of AMI to the emergency department (ED). Two independent cardiologists adjudicated the final diagnosis. Mild hs-cTn elevations were defined as 26.2 ng/L (99th percentile) to 75 ng/L for hs-cTnI, and 14 ng/L (99th percentile) to 50 ng/L (biological-equivalent to 75 ng/L for hs-cTnI) for hs-cTnT. RESULTS: Among 1356 patients, 80 (6%) had mild hs-cTnI elevations at presentation. Within this group, AMI was the final diagnosis in 39 patients (49%). The diagnostic accuracy for the diagnosis of AMI as quantified by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was 0.51 (95% CI 0.39-0.64) for hs-cTnI at presentation, 0.58 (95% CI 0.45-0.71) for copeptin at presentation, and 0.78 (95% CI 0.68-0.88) for 1h-hs-cTnI changes, which was significantly higher as compared to copeptin (p = 0.02) or hs-cTnI alone (p < 0.001). The additional use of 1h-hs-cTnI changes, but not of copeptin, improved diagnostic accuracy of hs-cTnI at presentation (AUC 0.80, 95% CI 0.70-0.90; p = 0.002 for comparison). Similar findings regarding copeptin and 1h-hs-cTnT/I changes were obtained for mild hs-cTnT elevations. CONCLUSIONS: About 6-22% of patients presenting with suggestive AMI to the ED have mild hs-cTnT/I elevations at presentation. In contrast to copeptin, the addition of 1h-hs-cTn changes substantially improves the early diagnosis of AMI.


Assuntos
Glicopeptídeos/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diagnóstico Precoce , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC
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