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1.
JAMA Pediatr ; 173(5): e190081, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882883

RESUMO

Importance: Studies demonstrating improved survival after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant generally exclude infants. Objective: To analyze overall survival trends and other outcomes among infants who undergo allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cohort study, we used time-trend analysis to evaluate 3 periods: 2000 through 2004, 2005 through 2009, and 2010 through 2014. The study was conducted in a multicenter setting through the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research, which is made up of a voluntary working group of more than 450 transplant centers worldwide. Two groups of infants aged 1 year or younger in 2 cohorts were included: those with malignant conditions, such as leukemia, and those with nonmalignant disorders, including immunodeficiencies. Data analysis was conducted from July 2017 to December 2018. Exposures: Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant. Main Outcomes and Measures: Survival trends, disease relapse, and toxicity. Results: A total of 2498 infants with a median age of 7 months (range, <1-12 months) were included. In the nonmalignant cohort (n = 472), survival rates improved from the first to the second period (hazard ratio, 0.77 [95% CI, 0.63-0.93]; P = .007) but did not change after 2004. Compared with infants with nonmalignant diseases (n = 2026; 3-year overall survival: 2000-2004, 375/577 [65.0%]; 2005-2009, 503/699 [72.0%]; and 2010-2014, 555/750 [74.0%]), those with malignant conditions had poorer survival rates, without improvement over time (3-year overall survival: 2000-2004, 109/199 [54.8%]; 2005-2009, 104/161 [64.6%]; and 2010-2014, 66/112 [58.9%]). From 2000 through 2014, relapse rates increased in infants with malignant conditions (3-year relapse rate: 2000-2004, 19% [95% CI, 14%-25%]; 2005-2009, 23% [95% CI, 17%-30%]; 2010-2014, 36% [95% CI, 27%-46%]; P = .01). Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome was frequent, occurring with a cumulative incidence of 13% (95% CI, 11%-16%) of infants with nonmalignant diseases and 32% (95% CI, 22%-42%) of those with malignant diseases. Generally, recipients of human leukocyte antigen-identical sibling bone marrow grafts had the best outcomes. Conclusions and Relevance: Survival rates have not improved for infants with malignant diseases over the 15-year study period. Infants with nonmalignant diseases had improved survival rates in the earlier but not the later study period. Higher relapses for the malignant cohort and toxicities for all infants remain significant challenges. Strategies to reduce relapse and toxicity and optimize donor and graft selection may improve outcomes in the future.

2.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(4): e27602, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30609294

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is curative for primary immunodeficiencies. Bone marrow from an unaffected human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling donor is the ideal graft source. For minor donors, meaningful consent or assent may not be feasible, and permission from parents or legal guardians is considered acceptable. Adverse events, albeit extremely small, can be associated with bone marrow harvest in pediatric donors. Donor safety concerns potentially increase with multiple bone marrow harvests. Very little is known about multiple bone marrow harvests from pediatric donors. We describe the ethical considerations and clinical decision-making in an unusual clinical situation where three patients with the same primary immunodeficiency were HLA identical to one another and their younger sibling, who underwent bone marrow harvests three times between 1.3 and 4 years of age, resulting in successful transplantation for all three patients. We hope that this experience will provide guidance to providers and families in a similar situation.


Assuntos
Temas Bioéticos , Transplante de Medula Óssea/ética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/etnologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/terapia , Irmãos , Doadores de Tecidos , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30391550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biallelic variations in the DOCK8 gene cause a combined immunodeficiency with eczema, recurrent bacterial and viral infections, and malignancy. Natural disease outcome is dismal, but allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can cure the disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine outcome of HSCT for DOCK8 deficiency and define possible outcome variables. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of the results of HSCT in a large international cohort of DOCK8 deficient patients. RESULTS: We identified 81 patients from 22 centers transplanted at a median age of 9.7 years (range: 0.7-27.2) between 1995 and 2015. After median follow-up of 26 months (3-135), 68 of 81 patients are alive (84%). Severe acute (III-IV) or chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD) occurred in 11% and 10% respectively. Causes of death wereinfections (n=5), GVHD (5), multi-organ failure (2) and pre-existent lymphoma (1). Survival after matched related (n=40) or unrelated (35) HSCT was 89% and 81%, respectively. Reduced toxicity conditioning based on either treosulfan or reduced-dose busulfan resulted in superior survival compared to fully myeloablative busulfan-based regimens (97% vs. 78%; p=0.049). 96% of patients aged <8 years at HSCT survived, compared to 78% of those ≥8 years (p=0.06). Of 73 patients with chimerism data available, 65 (89%) had >90% donor T-cell chimerism at last follow-up. Not all disease manifestations responded equally well to HSCT: eczema, infections and Mollusca resolved better than food allergies or failure to thrive. CONCLUSION: HSCT is curative in most DOCK8 deficient patients, confirming this approach as the treatment of choice. HSCT using a reduced toxicity regimen may offer the best chance for survival.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30481599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infections and graft-versus-host disease have historically resulted in high mortality among children undergoing umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT). However, recent advances in clinical practice have likely improved outcomes of these patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of children (<18 years of age) undergoing UCBT at Duke University between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2014. We compared two-year all-cause and cause-specific mortality during three time periods based on year of transplantation (1995-2001, 2002-2007, 2008-2014). We used multivariable Cox regression to identify demographic and UCBT characteristics that were associated with all-cause mortality, transplantation-related mortality, and death from invasive aspergillosis after adjustment for time period. RESULTS: During the 20-year study period, 824 children underwent UCBT. Two-year all-cause mortality declined from 48% in 1995-2001 to 30% in 2008-2014 (P=0.0002). White patient race and non-malignant UCBT indications were associated with lower mortality. Black children tended to have a higher risk of death for which graft-versus-host disease (18% vs 11%; P=0.06) or graft failure (9% vs 3%; P=0.01) were contributory than white children. Comparing 2008-2014 to 1995-2001, more than half (59%) of the reduced mortality was attributable to a reduction in infectious mortality, with 45% specifically related to reduced mortality from invasive aspergillosis. Antifungal prophylaxis with voriconazole was associated with lower mortality from invasive aspergillosis than low-dose amphotericin B lipid complex [hazard ratio (HR): 0.09; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.01-0.76]. With the decline in mortality from invasive aspergillosis, adenovirus and cytomegalovirus have become the most frequent infectious causes of death in children after UCBT. CONCLUSIONS: Advances in clinical practice over the past 20 years improved survival of children after UCBT. Reduced mortality from infections, particularly invasive aspergillosis, accounted for the largest improvement in survival and was associated with use of voriconazole for antifungal prophylaxis.

5.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 23(10): 1722-1728, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28647558

RESUMO

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening disorder of immune dysregulation characterized by fever, hepatosplenomegaly, cytopenias, central nervous system disease, increased inflammatory markers, and hemophagocytosis. Currently, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the only curative approach for patients with HLH, with reported survival ranging from 50% to 70% with myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimens. However, donor availability and transplantation-related mortality associated with conventional MAC are major barriers to success. Unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) provides a readily available alternative donor source for patients lacking matched related donors. Accordingly, we report the results of UCBT in 14 children treated between 1998 and 2016. All children received standard HLH chemotherapy before UCBT. The median age at diagnosis was 2.7 months (range, .8 to 10.4) and at transplantation was 7.5 months (range, 3.8 to 17). Ten patients received MAC with busulfan/cyclophosphamide/etoposide /antithymocyte globulin (ATG) (n = 5), busulfan/cyclophosphamide /ATG (n = 4), or busulfan /melphalan/ATG (n = 1). Four patients received reduced-toxicity conditioning (RTC) with alemtuzumab/fludarabine/melphalan/hydroxyurea ± thiotepa. Cord blood units were mismatched at either 1 (n = 9) or 2 (n = 5) loci and delivered a median total nucleated cell dose of 11.9 × 107/kg (range, 4.6 to 27.9) and CD34+ dose of 3.1 × 105/kg (range, 1.1 to 6.8). The cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment by day 42 was 78.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 42.9% to 93.4%) with a median of 19 days (range, 13 to 27), and that for platelet (50,000) engraftment by day 100 was 64.3% (95% CI, 28.2% to 85.7%) with a median of 51 days (range, 31 to 94). Six patients developed either grade II (n = 5) or grade IV (n = 1) acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD); no extensive chronic GVHD was seen. Ten patients (71.4%) are alive and well at a median of 11.2 years after transplantation (range, .85 to 18.25), 9 of whom maintain sustained full donor chimerism after a single UCBT, whereas 1 patient with autologous recovery after first UCBT with RTC has achieved full donor chimerism after a second UCBT with MAC. This series demonstrates that, in combination with standard HLH therapy, UCBT after MAC or RTC conditioning can provide long-term survival with durable complete donor chimerism comparable to that of conventional donors. UCBT should be considered for patients with HLH lacking a fully matched related or unrelated adult donor.


Assuntos
Quimerismo , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/métodos , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/normas , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Sangue Fetal/citologia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Humanos , Lactente , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/complicações , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/mortalidade , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos
6.
Pediatr Transplant ; 19(7): 753-7, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26369627

RESUMO

The use of HSCT is the only potentially curative treatment for CAMT, but access is limited by the availability of suitable donors. We report five consecutive patients with CAMT who received MAC and partially HLA-mismatched, UCBT (unrelated, n = 4). Median times to neutrophil (>500/µL) and platelet (≥20 000 and ≥50 000/µL) engraftment were 19, 57, and 70 days, respectively. Acute GvHD, grade II, developed in one patient, who subsequently developed limited chronic GvHD. At median follow-up of 14 yr, all patients are alive with sustained donor cell engraftment. To our knowledge, this is the largest single-center series of UCBT for patients with this disease and suggests that UCBT is a successful curative option for patients with CAMT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Trombocitopenia/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Trombocitopenia/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 20(3): 326-36, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24296492

RESUMO

Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens have the potential to decrease transplantation-related morbidity and mortality. However, engraftment failure has been prohibitively high after RIC unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) in chemotherapy-naïve children with nonmalignant diseases (NMD). Twenty-two children with a median age of 2.8 years, many with severe comorbidities and prior viral infections, were enrolled in a novel RIC protocol consisting of hydroxyurea, alemtuzumab, fludarabine, melphalan, and thiotepa followed by single UCBT. Patients underwent transplantation for inherited metabolic disorders (n = 8), primary immunodeficiencies (n = 9), hemoglobinopathies (n = 4) and Diamond Blackfan anemia (n = 1). Most umbilical cord blood (UCB) units were HLA-mismatched with median infused total nucleated cell dose of 7.9 × 10(7)/kg. No serious organ toxicities were attributable to the regimen. The cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment was 86.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 65% to 100%) in a median of 20 days, with the majority sustaining > 95% donor chimerism at 1 year. Cumulative incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grades II to IV and III to IV by day 180 was 27.3% (95% CI, 8.7% to 45.9%) and 13.6% (95 CI, 0% to 27.6%), respectively. Cumulative incidence of extensive chronic GVHD was 9.1% (95% CI, 0% to 20.8%). The primary causes of death were viral infections (n = 3), acute GVHD (n = 1) and transfusion reaction (n = 1). One-year overall and event-free survivals were 77.3% (95% CI, 53.7% to 89.8%) and 68.2% (95% CI, 44.6% to 83.4%) with 31 months median follow-up. This is the first RIC protocol demonstrating durable UCB engraftment in children with NMD. Future risk-based modifications of this regimen could decrease the incidence of viral infections. (www.clinicaltrials.gov/NCT00744692).


Assuntos
Anemia de Diamond-Blackfan/terapia , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Hemoglobinopatias/terapia , Doenças Metabólicas/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Anemia de Diamond-Blackfan/imunologia , Anemia de Diamond-Blackfan/mortalidade , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/imunologia , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/mortalidade , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Antígenos HLA/imunologia , Hemoglobinopatias/imunologia , Hemoglobinopatias/mortalidade , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Doenças Metabólicas/imunologia , Doenças Metabólicas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Quimeras de Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Doadores não Relacionados
8.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 18(9): 1368-77, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22326631

RESUMO

The curative potential of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with chronic granulomatous disease depends on availability of a suitable donor, successful donor engraftment, and maintenance of long-term donor chimerism. Twelve consecutive children (median age, 59.5 months; range, 8-140 months) with severe chronic granulomatous disease (serious bacterial/fungal infections pretransplantation; median, 3; range, 2-9) received myeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation using sibling bone marrow ([SibBM]; n = 5), unrelated cord blood (UCB; n = 6), and sibling cord blood (n = 1) at our center between 1997 and 2010. SibBM and sibling cord blood were HLA matched at 6/6, whereas UCB were 5/6 (n = 5) or 6/6 (n = 1). Recipients of SibBM were conditioned with busulfan and cyclophosphamide ± anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG), whereas 6 of 7 cord blood recipients received fludarabine/busulfan/cyclophosphamide/ATG. Seven patients received granulocyte-colony stimulating factor-mobilized granulocyte transfusions from directed donors. The first 2 UCB recipients had primary graft failure but successfully underwent retransplantation with UCB. Highest acute graft-versus-host disease was grade III (n = 1). Extensive chronic graft-vs-host disease developed in 3 patients. All patients are alive with median follow-up of 70.5 months (range, 12-167 months) with high donor chimerism (>98%, n = 10; 94%, n = 1; and 92%, n = 1). Myeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation led to correction of neutrophil dysfunction, durable donor chimerism, excellent survival, good quality of life, and low incidence of graft-vs-host disease regardless of graft source.


Assuntos
Transplante de Medula Óssea , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/terapia , Agonistas Mieloablativos/administração & dosagem , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Granulócitos/transplante , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/imunologia , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/mortalidade , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Irmãos , Quimeras de Transplante/imunologia , Transplante Homólogo , Doadores não Relacionados
9.
Pediatr Clin North Am ; 57(1): 27-46, 2010 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20307710

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from siblings, unrelated donors or HLA mismatched family members has become an important procedure to offer a chance of cure to children and adolescents with acute leukemia at high risk of relapse and those with certain genetic diseases. Bone marrow (BM) was the only stem cell source for many years. During the past 15 years, peripheral blood stem cells from granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilized healthy donors, or umbilical cord blood from related or unrelated donors, have become available. Each stem cell source has different risks/benefits for patients and donors, the choice depending not only on availability, but also on HLA compatibility and urgency of the HSCT. This review will analyze the advantages and limitations of each of these options, and the main criteria which can be applied when choosing the appropriate stem cell source for pediatric transplant recipients with acute leukemia.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia/cirurgia , Células-Tronco/citologia , Doadores de Tecidos , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 15(8): 948-55, 2009 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19589484

RESUMO

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) respond poorly to chemotherapy. Between 1995 and 2006, 23 pediatric patients with MDS were transplanted with unrelated donor umbilical cord blood (UUCB) at our center. The median age was 11.1 years (range: 1.1-19.7), median weight was 38.6 kg (range: 9.6-62.6), 61% of patients were male, and median time from diagnosis to transplant was 6.6 months (range: 2.0-61.4). Patients were followed for a median of 5.3 years (range: 1.6-12.4 years) posttransplant. MDS stage was refractory anemia (RA) in 12, refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) in 8, and refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation (RAEB-T) in 3 patients; 18 (78%) patients had primary MDS. Monosomy 7 was present in 17(74%) patients. Patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) were excluded. Preparative regimen was total body irradiation (TBI) based in 18 (78%) patients. Graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) prophylaxis was cyclosporine (CsA)/steroids (19 patients) or CsA/mycophenolate mofetil (MMF; 4 patients). Grafts were HLA matched at Class I (A and B) at low resolution and Class II (DRB1) at the allelic level, resulting in 16 (70%) 4/6 and 7 (30%) 5/6 matched transplants. The grafts contained a median of 4.0 x 10(7) (range: 1.7-12.6) total nucleated cells (TNC)/kg precryopreservation; 3.6 x 10(7) (range: 1.0-12.0) TNC/kg and 1.7 x 10(5) (range: 0.2-28.5) CD34+ cells/kg were infused. Cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment (absolute neutrophil count [ANC] >500/microL) at day 42 and day 100 was 73.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 55.1%-92.7%) and 91.3% (95% CI 71.3%-100.0%) respectively, and that of platelet engraftment (50 K) at 180 days was 69.6% (95% CI 49.8%-89.4%). Three patients had graft failure whereas 3 patients (13%) engrafted slowly (after day 42). Three patients developed acute GVHD (aGVHD) grades II-IV with a cumulative incidence at 100 days of 13% (95% CI 0.0%-27.1.0%). Four patients relapsed with a cumulative incidence of relapse at 3 years of 13.0% (95% CI 0.0%-27.1%). Cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) at 1 year was 27% (95% CI 8.0%-46.0%). Ten patients died: 3 graft failure, 4 relapse, 2 infections (1 adenovirus, 1 toxoplasmosis), and 1 Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) lymphoproliferative disorder. Probabilities of event-free survival (EFS) at 1 and 3 years were 69.6% (95% CI 46.6%-84.2%) and 60.9% (95% CI 38.3%-77.4%), respectively. Factors associated with better EFS were age < or = 11 years (P = .05) and weight < or = 38 kg (P = .03). These results, especially in younger patients with monosomy 7 positive MDS, are equivalent to published matched allogeneic bone marrow data. UUCB should be actively considered for pediatric MDS patients lacking matched related or unrelated adult donors.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/métodos , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anemia Refratária com Excesso de Blastos , Quimioprevenção/métodos , Criança , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Doadores de Tecidos , Resultado do Tratamento , Irradiação Corporal Total , Adulto Jovem
11.
Blood ; 112(7): 2979-89, 2008 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18587012

RESUMO

Outcomes of 159 young patients with inherited metabolic disorders (IMDs) undergoing transplantation with partially HLA-mismatched unrelated donor umbilical cord blood were studied to investigate the impact of graft and patient characteristics on engraftment, overall survival (OS), and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Patients received myeloablative chemotherapy (busulfan, cyclophosphamide, ATG) and cyclosporine-based GVHD prophylaxis. Infused cell doses were high (7.57 x 10(7)/kg) because of the patients' young age (median, 1.5 years) and small size (median, 12 kg). Median follow-up was 4.2 years (range, 1-11 years). The cumulative incidences of neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 87.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 81.8%-92.4%) and 71.0% (95% CI, 63.7%-78.3%). A total of 97% achieved high (> 90%) donor chimerism. Serum enzyme normalized in 97% of patients with diseases for which testings exist. Grade III/IV acute GVHD occurred in 10.3% (95% CI, 5.4%-15.2%) of patients. Extensive chronic GVHD occurred in 10.8% (95% CI, 5.7%-15.9%) of patients by 1 year. OS at 1 and 5 years was 71.8% (95% CI, 64.7%-78.9%) and 58.2% (95% CI, 49.7%-66.6%) in all patients and 84.5% (95% CI, 77.0%-92.0%) and 75.7% (95% CI, 66.1%-85.3%) in patients with high (80-100) performance score. In multivariate analysis, favorable factors for OS were high pretransplantation performance status, matched donor/recipient ethnicity, and higher infused colony forming units.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo/terapia , Doadores de Tecidos , Adolescente , Adulto , Plaquetas/citologia , Causas de Morte , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo/mortalidade , Análise Multivariada , Neutrófilos/citologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 49(7): 982-4, 2007 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17941061

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is curative for chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), but many patients lack a suitably matched related donor. We report successful outcomes after mismatched, unrelated-donor umbilical cord blood transplantation (uUCBT) in two boys with X-linked CGD. Both patients experienced autologous recovery after first transplants, required second transplants to achieve durable donor engraftment, and are alive 27 and 15 months post-transplant. Both had invasive fungal disease and received granulocyte transfusions. In conclusion, uUCBT is effective in children with CGD, but immunosuppression in the conditioning regimen may need to be increased to decrease the risk of graft rejection.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/terapia , Criança , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/efeitos adversos , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/genética , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
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