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1.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 710: 109004, 2021 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364885

RESUMO

Transmembrane 4 L six family member 5 (TM4SF5) is involved in nonalcoholic steatosis and further aggravation of liver disease. However, its mechanism for regulating FA accumulation is unknown. We investigated how TM4SF5 in hepatocytes affected FA accumulation during acute FA supply. TM4SF5-expressing hepatocytes and mouse livers accumulated less FAs, compared with those of TM4SF5 deficiency or inactivation. Binding of TM4SF5 to SLC27A2 increased gradually upon acute FA treatment, whereas TM4SF5 constitutively bound SLC27A5. Suppression of either SLC27A2 or SLC27A5 in hepatocytes expressing TM4SF5 differentially modulated initial and maximal FA uptake levels for a fast turnover of fatty acid. Altogether, TM4SF5 negatively modulates FA accumulation into hepatocytes via association with the transporters for an energy homeostasis, when FA are supplied acutely.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte de Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Animais , Transporte Biológico Ativo , Linhagem Celular , Metabolismo Energético , Proteínas de Transporte de Ácido Graxo/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Transporte de Ácido Graxo/genética , Células HEK293 , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Membrana/deficiência , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Modelos Biológicos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Consumo de Oxigênio , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética
2.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(9): 645, 2019 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501417

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) regulate cell fate, although signaling molecules that regulate ROS hormesis remain unclear. Here we show that transmembrane 4 L six family member 5 (TM4SF5) in lung epithelial cells induced the alternatively spliced CD44v8-10 variant via an inverse ZEB2/epithelial splicing regulatory proteins (ESRPs) linkage. TM4SF5 formed complexes with the cystine/glutamate antiporter system via TM4SF5- and CD44v8-10-dependent CD98hc plasma-membrane enrichment. Dynamic TM4SF5 binding to CD98hc required CD44v8-10 under ROS-generating inflammatory conditions. TM4SF5 and CD44v8-10 upregulated cystine/glutamate antiporter activity and intracellular glutathione levels, leading to ROS modulation for cell survival. Tm4sf5-null mice exhibited attenuated bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis with lower CD44v8-10 and ESRPs levels than wild-type mice. Primary mouse alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) revealed type II AECs (AECII), but not type I, to adapt the TM4SF5-mediated characteristics, suggesting TM4SF5-mediated AECII survival following AECI injury during idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Thus, the TM4SF5-mediated CD44v8-10 splice variant could be targeted against IPF.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares/metabolismo , Receptores de Hialuronatos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Células A549 , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/patologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia , Humanos , Receptores de Hialuronatos/genética , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Fibrose Pulmonar/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar/patologia , Splicing de RNA , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
3.
Cancer Lett ; 438: 219-231, 2018 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30217560

RESUMO

CD133 is a surface marker of liver cancer stem cells. Transmembrane 4 L six family member 5 (TM4SF5) promotes sphere growth and circulation. However, it is unknown how CD133 and TM4SF5 cross-talk with each other for cancer stem cell properties. Here, we investigated the significance of inter-relationships between CD133, TM4SF5, CD44, and protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type F (PTPRF) in a three-dimensional (3D) sphere growth system. We found that CD133 upregulated TM4SF5 and CD44, whereas TM4SF5 and CD44 did not affect CD133 expression. Signaling activity following CD133 phosphorylation caused TM4SF5 expression and sphere growth. TM4SF5 bound to CD133 and promoted c-Src activity for CD133 phosphorylation as a positive feedback loop, leading to CD133-mediated sphere growth that was inhibited by TM4SF5 inhibition or suppression. TM4SF5 also bound PTPRF and promoted paxillin phosphorylation. Decreased sphere growth upon CD133 suppression was recovered by TM4SF5 expression and partially by PTPRF suppression. TM4SF5 inhibition enhanced PTPRF levels and abolished PTPRF suppression-mediated sphere growth. Altogether, CD133-induced TM4SF5 expression and function were important for liver cancer sphere growth and may be a promising target to block metastasis.


Assuntos
Antígeno AC133/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Classe 2 Semelhantes a Receptores/genética , Esferoides Celulares/metabolismo , Antígeno AC133/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Receptores de Hialuronatos/genética , Receptores de Hialuronatos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Mutação , Fosforilação , Interferência de RNA , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Classe 2 Semelhantes a Receptores/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética
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