Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 218
Filtrar
1.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Using indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging and tissue marking dyes (TMDs), perigastric lymphatic mapping and their pathological correlation were examined to see whether ICG staining covers all metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) in advanced gastric cancer (AGC). METHODS: Patients with AGC who underwent open distal or total gastrectomy were enrolled. ICG was serially injected intraoperatively into the subserosa along the greater and lesser curvatures. Stomach specimens were examined under a near-infrared camera. ICG-stained LNs were named, excised, and tattooed with different colored TMDs to retrace the exact location after pathological examinations. RESULTS: A total of 687 LNs and 69 LN stations were examined from 11 patients. The map of the perigastric lymphatic network showing the topography of ICG-stained and ICG-unstained LNs, including metastatic information, was successfully reconstructed. The average number of ICG-stained and ICG-unstained LNs were 23.6 ±â€¯12.3 (37.8%) and 38.8 ±â€¯17.1 (62.2%), respectively. LN metastases were present in 28 LN stations of 8 patients. Of 8 cases with LN metastases, 40% (11.1-75% per case) of metastatic LNs were stained by ICG. Of 28 metastatic LN stations, 21 (75.0%) were covered by ICG, and actual metastatic LNs were stained in 16 LN stations (57.1%). In 4/8 cases (50%), all metastatic LN stations showed ICG signals. CONCLUSIONS: ICG fluorescence imaging and TMD are useful tools for visualizing the perigastric lymphatic network and retracing the exact location of ICG-stained LNs in AGC. However, ICG imaging is still not recommended for selective LN dissection in AGC because of the limited staining of perigastric LNs.

2.
Ann Surg Treat Res ; 101(4): 197-205, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34692591

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study was to show that bariatric surgery (BS) is more effective than medical therapy (MT) in Asian obese patients. Methods: In this prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized, controlled trial, obese patients with body mass index of ≥35 kg/m2 or 30.0-34.9 kg/m2 with obesity-related comorbidities were assigned to undergo BS, such as laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, or MT. Patients who underwent BS were evaluated 4, 12, 24, and 48 weeks after surgery, whereas patients who received MT were monitored at a hospital every 6 weeks for 1 year. At each visit, weight, waist and hip circumference, and blood pressure were measured, and patients underwent physical examination and laboratory testing. Health-related quality of life (HQOL) was investigated using Euro QOL-5 Dimension, Impact of Weight on Quality of Life questionnaire-Lite and Obesity-related Problems scale. Results: The study included 264 patients from 13 institutions; of these, 64 underwent BS and 200 received MT. Of the patients who underwent BS, 6.3% experienced early complications. Relative weight changes from baseline to 48 weeks were significantly greater in the BS than in the MT group (26.9% vs. 2.1%, P < 0.001), as were the rates of remission of diabetes (47.8% vs. 16.7%, P = 0.014), hypertension (60.0% vs. 26.1%, P < 0.001), and dyslipidemia (63.2% vs. 22.0%, P < 0.001). HQOL was better in the BS than in the MT group at 48 weeks. Conclusion: BS was safe and effective in Korean obese patients, with greater weight reduction, remission of comorbidities, and quality of life improvement than MT.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preoperative sarcopenia is associated with a poor long-term prognosis in patients with gastric cancer (GC). Most GC patients rapidly lose muscle mass after gastrectomy. This retrospective cohort study analysed the effect of postoperative muscle loss and surgery-induced sarcopenia on the long-term outcomes of patients with GC. METHODS: Preoperative and postoperative 1 year abdominal computed tomography scans were available for 1801 GC patients who underwent curative gastrectomy between January 2009 and December 2013 at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. The patients were categorized into normal, presarcopenia, and sarcopenia groups according to the skeletal muscle index (SMI) measured on computed tomography scans. Patients who were not sarcopenic prior to gastrectomy but became sarcopenic after surgery were defined as the surgery-induced sarcopenia group. RESULTS: There were 1227 men and 574 women included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 59.5 ± 12.3 years. Multivariable Cox-regression analyses showed that preoperative SMI was not associated with overall survival (OS). However, postoperative sarcopenia was associated with significantly worse OS only in men [hazard ratio (HR), 1.75; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.08-2.85]. SMI loss was an independent risk factor for OS in the entire cohort and in men (HR, 1.01; 95% CI, 1.00-1.02, for the entire cohort; HR, 1.02; 95% CI, 1.01-1.04, for men). The surgery-induced sarcopenia group was associated with significantly higher mortality (HR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.16-2.90, for the cohort; HR, 2.73; 95% CI, 1.54-4.82, for men), although SMI loss and surgery-induced sarcopenia were not risk factors in women. Similar results were obtained for relapse-free survival. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative muscle mass loss and surgery-induced sarcopenia are prognostic factors for survival in patients with GC. Impact of postoperative muscle mass loss and surgery-induced sarcopenia on survival outcomes is dependent on the sex.

5.
Immune Netw ; 21(4): e31, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522444

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death globally. The classification of advanced GC (AGC) according to molecular features has recently led to effective personalized cancer therapy for some patients. Specifically, AGC patients whose tumor cells express high levels of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) can now benefit from trastuzumab, a humanized monoclonal Ab that targets HER2. However, patients with HER2negative AGC receive limited clinical benefit from this treatment. To identify potential immune therapeutic targets in HER2negative AGC, we obtained 40 fresh AGC specimens immediately after surgical resections and subjected the CD45+ immune cells in the tumor microenvironment to multi-channel/multi-panel flow cytometry analysis. Here, we report that HER2 negativity associated with reduced overall survival (OS) and greater tumor infiltration with neutrophils and non-classical monocytes. The potential pro-tumoral activities of these cell types were confirmed by the fact that high expression of neutrophil or non-classical monocyte signature genes in the gastrointestinal tumors in The Cancer Genome Atlas, Genotype-Tissue Expression and Gene Expression Omnibus databases associated with worse OS on Kaplan-Meir plots relative to tumors with low expression of these signature genes. Moreover, advanced stage disease in the AGCs of our patients associated with greater tumor frequencies of neutrophils and non-classical monocytes than early stage disease. Thus, our study suggests that these 2 myeloid populations may serve as novel therapeutic targets for HER2negative AGC.

6.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1016, 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the surgical outcome and quality of life (QoL) of totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG) compared with laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) in patients with clinical stage I gastric cancer. METHODS: From 2012 to 2018, EGC patients who underwent TLTG (n = 223), including the first case with intracorporeal hemi-double stapling, were matched to those who underwent LATG (n = 114) with extracorporeal circular stapling, using 2:1 propensity score matching (PSM). Prospectively collected morbidity was compared between the TLTG and LATG groups in conjunction with the learning curve. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QoL questionnaires QLQ-C30, STO22, and OG25 were prospectively surveyed during postoperative 1 year for patient subgroups. RESULTS: After PSM, grade I pulmonary complication rate was lower in the TLTG group (n = 213) than in the LATG group (n = 111) (0.5% vs. 5.4%, P = 0.007). Other complications were not different between the groups. The learning curve of TLTG was overcome at the 26th case in terms of the comprehensive complication index. The TLTG group after learning curve showed lower grade I pulmonary complication rate than the matched LATG group (0.5% vs. 4.7%, P = 0.024). Regarding postoperative QoL, the TLTG group (n = 63) revealed less dysphagia (P = 0.028), pain (P = 0.028), eating restriction (P = 0.006), eating (P = 0.004), odynophagia (P = 0.023) than the LATG group (n = 21). Multivariate analyses for each QoL item demonstrated that TLTG was the only common independent factor for better QoL. CONCLUSIONS: TLTG reduced grade I pulmonary complications and provided better QoL in dysphagia, pain, eating, odynophagia than LATG for patients with clinical stage I gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Transtornos de Deglutição/epidemiologia , Esofagostomia/métodos , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Jejunostomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Curva de Aprendizado , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Masculino , Ilustração Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Oncoimmunology ; 10(1): 1954761, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367732

RESUMO

We sought to determine the clinicopathological significance of PD-1, LAG3, and TIM3 in gastric cancer (GC) by examining their expression and immune context. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for PD-1, TIM3, LAG3, and tumor-infiltrating immune cell (TIIC) markers was performed in 385 stage II/III GCs. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and microsatellite stability (MSI) testing were performed for molecular classification. Chromogenic multiplex IHC (mIHC) for PD1, TIM3, LAG3, CD3, CD8, FOXP3, CD68, and cytokeratin was performed in 58 of the total samples. PD-1, LAG3, and TIM3 expression in TIICs was observed in 91 (23.6%), 193 (50.1%), and 257 (66.8%) GCs by single IHC, respectively. The expression was associated with EBV+ and MSI-H molecular subtypes (p ≤ 0.001). A positive expression of LAG3 in the invasive margin of the tumor was associated with better prognosis in univariate (p = .020) and multivariate (p = .026) survival analyses. The expression of different immune checkpoint receptors (ICRs) was significantly positively correlated. Dual or triple ICR expression was more frequent in high PD-1 and TIM3 density groups than in low-density groups by mIHC (all p ≤ 0.05). ICRs were mainly expressed in CD3+CD8+ and CD3+CD8- T cells. Fifty-eight GCs were classified into three groups by clustering analysis based on mIHC, and the group with the highest ICR expression in TIICs showed significantly better outcomes in progression-free survival (p = .020). In GC, PD-1, LAG3, and TIM3 expression is positively correlated and associated with better prognosis. Our study provides information for the application of effective immune checkpoint inhibitors against GC.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/metabolismo , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico
8.
Metabolomics ; 17(8): 71, 2021 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355282

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery is known to be the most effective treatment for weight loss in obese patients and for the rapid remission of obesity-related comorbidities. These short-term improvements result from not only limited digestion or absorption but also dynamic changes in metabolism throughout the whole body. However, short-term metabolism studies associated with bariatric surgery in Asian individuals have not been reported. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term metabolome changes in the serum promoted by laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and to determine the underlying mechanisms that affect obesity-related comorbidities. METHODS: Serum samples were collected from Korean patients who underwent RYGB or SG before and 4 weeks after the surgery. Metabolomic and lipidomic profiling was performed using UPLC-Orbitrap-MS, and data were analyzed using statistical analysis. RESULTS: Metabolites mainly related to amino acids, lipids (fatty acids, glycerophospholipids, sphingolipids, glycerolipids) and bile acids changed after surgery, and these changes were associated with the lowering of risk factors for obesity-related diseases such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), type 2 diabetes (T2D) and atherosclerosis. Interestingly, the number of significantly altered metabolites related to the lipid metabolism were greater in SG than in RYGB. Furthermore, the metabolites related to amino acid metabolism were significantly changed only after SG, whereas bile acid changed significantly only following RYGB. CONCLUSION: These differences could result from anatomical differences between the two surgeries and could be related to the gut microbiota. This study provides crucial information to expand the knowledge of the common but different molecular mechanisms involved in obesity and obesity-related comorbidities affected by each bariatric procedure.

9.
Gut Liver ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462394

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Less invasive surgical treatment is performed in East Asia to preserve postoperative digestive function and reduce complications such as postgastrectomy syndromes, but there is an issue of metachronous gastric cancer (GC) in the remaining stomach. This study aimed to analyze the incidence of metachronous GC and its risk factors in patients who had undergone partial gastrectomy. Methods: A total of 3,045 GC patients who had undergone curative gastric partial resection at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital were enrolled and analyzed retrospectively for risk factors, including age, sex, smoking, alcohol, Helicobacter pylori status, family history of GC, histological type, and surgical method. Results: Metachronous GC in the remaining stomach occurred in 35 of the 3,045 patients (1.1%): 23 in the distal gastrectomy group (18 with Billroth-I anastomosis, five with Billroth-II anastomosis), seven in the proximal gastrectomy (PG) group, and five in the pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) group. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses showed that age ≥60 years (p=0.005) and surgical method used (PG or PPG, p<0.001) were related risk factors for metachronous GC, while male sex and intestinal type histology were potential risk factors. Conclusions: Metachronous GC was shown to be related to older age and the surgical method used (PG or PPG). Regular and careful follow-up with endoscopy should be performed in the case of gastric partial resection, especially in patients with male sex and intestinal type histology as well as those aged ≥60 years undergoing the PG or PPG surgical method.

10.
Gastric Cancer ; 2021 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although FDG-PET is widely used in cancer, its role in gastric cancer (GC) is still controversial due to variable [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG) uptake. Here, we sought to develop a genetic signature to predict high FDG-avid GC to plan individualized PET and investigate the molecular landscape of GC and its association with glucose metabolic profiles noninvasively evaluated by [18F]FDG-PET. METHODS: Based on a genetic signature, PETscore, representing [18F]FDG avidity, was developed by imaging data acquired from thirty patient-derived xenografts (PDX). The PETscore was validated by [18F]FDG-PET data and gene expression data of human GC. The PETscore was associated with genomic and transcriptomic profiles of GC using The Cancer Genome Atlas. RESULTS: Five genes, PLS1, PYY, HBQ1, SLC6A5, and NAT16, were identified for the predictive model for [18F]FDG uptake of GC. The PETscore was validated in independent PET data of human GC with qRT-PCR and RNA-sequencing. By applying PETscore on TCGA, a significant association between glucose uptake and tumor mutational burden as well as genomic alterations were identified. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that molecular characteristics are underlying the diverse metabolic profiles of GC. Diverse glucose metabolic profiles may apply to precise diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for GC.

11.
J Gastric Cancer ; 21(2): 169-178, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234978

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the oncologic safety and identify potential candidates for proximal gastrectomy (PG) in upper third advanced gastric cancer (AGC) and esophagogastric junction (EGJ) cancers. Materials and Methods: Among 5,665 patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric adenocarcinoma between January 2011 and December 2017, 327 patients who underwent total gastrectomy with standard lymph node (LN) dissection for upper third AGC and Siewert type II EGJ cancers were enrolled. We analyzed the correlation between the metastatic rates of distal LNs (No. 4d, 5, 6, and 12a) around the lower part of the stomach and the clinicopathological characteristics. We identified subgroups with no metastasis to the distal LNs. Results: The metastatic rate of distal LNs in proximal AGC and Siewert type II EGJ cancers was 7.0% (23 of 327 patients). On multivariate analysis, pathological T stage (P=0.001), tumor size (P=0.043), and middle third invasion (P=0.003) were significantly associated with distal LN metastases. Pathological 'T2 stage' (n=88), or 'T3 stage with ≤5 cm tumor size' (n=87) showed no metastasis in distal LNs, regardless of middle third invasion. Pathological T3 stage with tumor size > 5 cm (n=61) and T4 stage (n=91) had metastasis in the distal LNs. Conclusions: In the upper third AGC and Siewert type II EGJ cancer, pathological T2 and small-sized T3 stage groups are possible candidates for PG in cases without distal LN metastasis. Further validation studies are required for clinical application.

12.
J Gastric Cancer ; 21(2): 191-202, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234980

RESUMO

Purpose: A near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging is a promising tool for cancer-specific image guided surgery. Human epidermal receptor 2 (HER2) is one of the candidate markers for gastric cancer. In this study, we aimed to synthesize HER2-specific NIR fluorescence probes and evaluate their applicability in cancer-specific image-guided surgeries using an animal model. Materials and Methods: An NIR dye emitting light at 800 nm (IRDye800CW; Li-COR) was conjugated to trastuzumab and an HER2-specific affibody using a click mechanism. HER2 affinity was assessed using surface plasmon resonance. Gastric cancer cell lines (NCI-N87 and SNU-601) were subcutaneously implanted into female BALB/c nu (6-8 weeks old) mice. After intravenous injection of the probes, biodistribution and fluorescence signal intensity were measured using Lumina II (Perkin Elmer) and a laparoscopic NIR camera (InTheSmart). Results: Trastuzumab-IRDye800CW exhibited high affinity for HER2 (KD=2.093(3) pM). Fluorescence signals in the liver and spleen were the highest at 24 hours post injection, while the signal in HER2-positive tumor cells increased until 72 hours, as assessed using the Lumina II system. The signal corresponding to the tumor was visually identified and clearly differentiated from the liver after 72 hours using a laparoscopic NIR camera. Affibody-IRDye800CW also exhibited high affinity for HER2 (KD=4.71 nM); however, the signal was not identified in the tumor, probably owing to rapid renal clearance. Conclusions: Trastuzumab-IRDye800CW may be used as a potential NIR probe that can be injected 2-3 days before surgery to obtain high HER2-specific signal and contrast. Affibody-based NIR probes may require modifications to enhance mobilization to the tumor site.

13.
Am J Emerg Med ; 50: 27-35, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271232

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acute diverticulitis (AD) is a common disease with various outcomes. When AD is diagnosed in the emergency department (ED), the ED clinician must determine the patient's treatment strategy whether the patient can be discharged, needs to be admitted to the general ward, ICU, or needs surgical consultation. This study aimed to identify potential risk factors for clinically important outcomes (CIOs) and to develop a prediction model for CIOs in AD to aid clinical decision making in the ED. METHODS: Retrospective data from between 2013 and 2017 in an ED in an urban setting were reviewed for adult AD. Potential risk factors were age, sex, past medical history, symptoms, physical exams, laboratory results, and imaging results. A CIO was defined as a case with one of the following outcomes: hospital death, ICU admission, surgery or invasive intervention, and admission for 7 or more days. The prediction model for CIOs was developed using potential risk factors. Model discrimination and calibration were assessed using the area under the curve (AUC) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and the Hosmer-Lemeshow (HL) test, respectively. Model validation was conducted using 500 random bootstrap samples. RESULTS: Of the final 337 AD patients, 63 patients had CIOs. Six potential factors (age, abdominal pain (≥ 3 days), anorexia, rebound tenderness, white blood cell count (> 15,000/µl), C-reactive protein (> 10 mg/dL), and CT findings of a complication) were used for the final model. The AUC (95% CI) for CIOs was 0.875 (0.826-0.923), and χ2 was 2.969 (p-value = 0.936) with the HL test. Validation using bootstrap samples resulted in an optimism-corrected AUC of 0.858 (0.856-0.861). CONCLUSION: A prediction model for clinically important outcomes of AD visiting a single ED showed good discrimination and calibration power with an acceptable range.

14.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0252480, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34086741

RESUMO

Peripheral regulatory T cells (pTregs) are a highly immunosuppressive fraction of CD4+ T cells. We aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of pTregs in patients with gastric cancer and to determine the correlation between pTregs and immune cell infiltration in tumor microenvironment. pTregs status was determined by assessing the pTreg/total T-cell ratio (ratio of Foxp3 Treg-specific demethylated region (TSDR) to CD3G/CD3D demethylation, so-called Cellular Ratio of Immune Tolerance "ImmunoCRIT") using methylation analyses in 433 patients with gastric cancer who received curative surgery. Among 422 evaluable patients, 230 (54.5%) had high ImmunoCRIT (> 21.0). Patients with high ImmunoCRIT had significantly shorter disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) than those with high ImmunoCRIT (p = 0.030, p = 0.008, respectively). In multivariate analysis, high ImmunoCRIT kept a prognostic role for shorter OS (hazard ratio [HR] 1.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.4-2.9; p = 0.005). CD3+ cell density and CD4+ cell density was significantly higher within the tumor in high ImmunoCRIT group than those in low ImmunoCRIT group (CD3+ cell, 202.12/mm2 vs. 172.2/mm2, p = 0.029; CD4+ cell, 56.5/mm2 vs. 43.5/mm2, p = 0.007). In conclusion, the peripheral ImmunoCRIT determined by epigenetic methylation analysis provides prognostic information in resected gastric tumors.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Metilação de DNA , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Subpopulações de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Gástricas/imunologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Microambiente Tumoral
16.
Obes Surg ; 31(6): 2660-2668, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33686579

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: All bariatric surgical procedures may compromise the nutritional status of patients, but nutritional deficiencies vary by region and culture. However, there are no preoperative nutritional guidelines for bariatric patients in East Asia. Here, we aimed to evaluate the preoperative nutritional status of East Asian bariatric surgical patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 215 consecutive patients who underwent bariatric surgery between January and December 2019 at a single tertiary institution in Korea. Medical background evaluation, anthropometric measurements, and laboratory tests were performed before surgery. RESULTS: Vitamin D deficiency was identified in 80.0% of participants and 13.8% had insufficiency. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency and the mean vitamin D concentration did not significantly differ between the sexes. Vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency was the second most common deficiency (18.3%), followed by folate (14.2%), iron (11.8%), and zinc (7.6%) deficiencies. The prevalence of anemia did not significantly differ between the sexes (1.3% in men vs. 7.4% in women, p=0.10), but the prevalence of iron deficiency was significantly higher in women (1.3% vs. 17.9%, p<0.001). The prevalences of copper (2.3%) and selenium (3.2%) deficiencies were low, and none of the participants had vitamin B12 or magnesium deficiency. CONCLUSION: There were high prevalences of vitamin D, folate, vitamin B1, and iron deficiencies in bariatric patients in Korea. Nutritional deficiencies should be corrected prior to surgery to prevent subsequent further depletion. Routine analysis of vitamin B12, magnesium, copper, and selenium before surgery should be considered and studied in more detail.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Obesidade Mórbida , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
17.
Nutrients ; 13(2)2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670196

RESUMO

Although the healthcare policy was implemented to incentivize the multidisciplinary services of hospital-based nutrition support team (NST) in South Korea, timely completion of the services has been challenging in the hospitals. We enhanced NST healthcare information technology (NST-HIT) to bridge the gap between policy implementation and seamless execution of the policy in the hospital system. A 48 month pre-test-post-test study was performed, including a 12 month pre-intervention period, a six month intervention period, and a 30 month post-intervention period. The enhanced NST-HIT provided sufficient patient data and streamlined communication processes among end-users. A Student's t-test showed that the timely completion rate of NST consultations, the reimbursement rate of NST consultations, average response times of NST physicians and nurses, and length of hospital stay significantly improved during the post-intervention period. A segmented regression analysis of interrupted time series showed that the average response times of NST physicians had sustained after the interventions. We believe that well-structured, multi-pronged initiatives with leadership support from the hospital improved service performance of hospital NST in response to national-level healthcare policy changes.


Assuntos
Política de Saúde , Hospitais , Tecnologia da Informação , Apoio Nutricional/métodos , Comunicação , Atenção à Saúde , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Reembolso de Seguro de Saúde , Tempo de Internação , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Nutricionistas , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Farmacêuticos , Médicos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , República da Coreia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Gastric Cancer ; 24(4): 844-857, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33598811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inactivation of TP53, a tumor suppressor gene, is associated with the development of several malignancies, including gastric cancer (GC). The present study aimed to evaluate the correlation between the overexpression of p53 and survival in different Lauren-type GCs. METHODS: From May 2003 to December 2019, 3608 GC patients treated endoscopically or surgically at the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital were enrolled for the study. Immunohistochemical staining for p53 was performed on all endoscopic and surgical gastric specimens. Clinicopathologic characteristics with Lauren classification, survival rate, and cancer recurrence were analyzed according to p53 overexpression. RESULTS: Among 3608 GC patients, p53 overexpression was seen in 1334 patients (37%). p53 overexpression was associated with lower depth of invasion (P = 0.026) and Early gastric cancer (P = 0.044) in intestinal-type GC, and with advanced TNM stage (P < 0.001) and Advanced gastric cancer (P < 0.001) in diffuse-type GC. The overall survival (OS) and GC-specific survival (GCSS) were significantly lower in p53 overexpression positive patients. This significance was more pronounced and enhanced in the diffuse-type GC and was absent in the intestinal-type GC. In multivariate analyses, p53 overexpression was associated with poor OS in both subtypes of GC and cancer recurrence in diffuse-type GC. (OS in intestinal-type: adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 1.423, P = 0.022; OS in diffuse-type: aHR = 1.401 P = 0.035; cancer recurrence in diffuse-type: aHR = 1.502, P = 0.039). CONCLUSION: p53 overexpression was associated with poor prognosis in GC, especially in diffuse-type. In addition, p53 overexpression was associated with early stage disease in intestinal-type GC and with advanced stage disease in diffuse-type GC.

19.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33638105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of subcostal transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) in laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery is unknown. We aimed to investigate its opioid-sparing and pain-relief effects in laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHOD: One hundred and twelve patients undergoing elective laparoscopic gastrectomy were randomised to the TAPB or control group. The TAPB group received ultrasound-guided bilateral subcostal TAPB at the end of surgery, while the control group did not. We investigated fentanyl consumption administered via intravenous patient-controlled analgesia and as a rescue analgesic, the numeric rating scale (NRS) pain scores at rest and during coughing, and the opioid-related side effects at 6, 12, 24, and 48 h postoperatively. The primary outcome was cumulative fentanyl consumption at 24 h postoperatively. RESULTS: The study included 53 patients in each group. The cumulative fentanyl consumption 24 h postoperatively was significantly lower in the TAPB group than in the control group (median difference -170 mcg, P = 0.03, 95% CI -360 to -15 mcg). Subcostal TAPB also significantly reduced the resting NRS score at 48 h postoperatively (median difference -1, 95% CI -1 to 0, P = 0.01) and coughing NRS score at all time points (all median difference -1, 95% CI -2 to 0, P < 0.01, P  = 0.02, 0.01, and 0.01, respectively). However, it did not reduce the occurrence of opioid-related side effects, except the use of antiemetics during the first 6 h postoperatively (TAPB, 1.9% vs. Control, 15.1%, P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Ultrasound-guided bilateral subcostal TAPB provides efficient postoperative analgesia with an opioid-sparing effect after laparoscopic gastrectomy.

20.
Ann Surg Treat Res ; 100(2): 67-75, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33585351

RESUMO

Purpose: Single-incision laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (SIDG) requires experienced camera operators for a stable image. Since it is difficult for skilled camera operators to participate in all SIDG, we began performing solo surgery using mechanical camera holders. We aimed to compare the short-term outcomes and cost between solo SIDG and conventional multiport laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (MLDG) for early gastric cancer (EGC). Methods: From January 2014 to December 2016, a total of 938 consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy for EGC. Solo SIDG (n = 99) and MLDG patients (n = 198) were selected and 1:2 propensity score matching was done to compare the quality of operation and cost-effectiveness. All solo SIDG was performed by a surgeon using a camera holder, without any assistant. Results: Mean operation time (120 ± 35.3 vs. 178 ± 53.4 minutes, P = 0.001) and estimated blood loss (24.6 ± 47.4 vs. 46.7 ± 66.5 mL, P = 0.001) were significantly lower in the solo SIDG group. Hospital stay, use of analgesics, and postoperative inflammatory markers (WBC, CRP) were similar between the 2 groups. The early (<30 days) complication rate in solo SIDG and MLDG groups was 21.2% and 23.7%, respectively (P = 0.240); the late (≥30 days) complication rate was 7.1% and 11.1%, respectively (P = 0.672). The manpower cost of solo SIDG was significantly lower than that of MLDG (P = 0.001). Conclusion: This study demonstrated that solo SIDG performed by experienced laparoscopic surgeons is safe and feasible for EGC. Solo SIDG is expected to be a promising potential treatment for EGC.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...