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1.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(2): e008543, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32069106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although 1-stent with provisional approach is the preferred strategy for the treatment of bifurcation lesions, the optimal treatment strategy according to lesion location is still debatable. This study aimed to identify whether clinical outcomes according to treatment strategy differed between left main (LM) and non-LM bifurcation lesions in the second-generation drug-eluting stent era. METHODS: The Coronary Bifurcation Stenting registry III is a retrospective multicenter registry of 2648 patients with bifurcation lesions who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with second-generation drug-eluting stent. Among the study population, 935 (35.3%) patients had an LM bifurcation lesion. The primary outcome was target lesion failure, a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization. RESULTS: Median follow-up duration was 53 months. LM bifurcation was associated with a higher risk of target lesion failure (HRadj, 1.846 [95% CI, 1.317-2.588]; P<0.001) than non-LM bifurcation. Two-stent strategy was more frequently applied in patients with LM bifurcation than in patients with non-LM bifurcation (27.1% versus 11.7%; P<0.001). In the LM bifurcation group, compared with the 1-stent strategy, the 2-stent strategy showed a significantly higher risk of target lesion failure (2-stent versus 1-stent, 17.4% versus 10.6%; HRadj, 1.848 [95% CI, 1.045-3.266]; P=0.035), mainly driven by the higher rate of target lesion revascularization (15.3% versus 5.5%; HRadj, 2.698 [95% CI, 1.276-5.706]; P=0.009). However, the risk of cardiac death or myocardial infarction did not differ between the 2 groups (4.4% versus 6.6%; HRadj, 0.694 [95% CI, 0.306-1.572]; P=0.381). For patients with non-LM-bifurcation, there was no significant difference in the rate of target lesion failure between 1-stent and 2-stent strategies (5.6% versus 6.3%; HRadj, 0.925 [95% CI, 0.428-2.001]; P=0.843). CONCLUSIONS: Even in the second-generation drug-eluting stent era, the 1-stent strategy, if possible, should initially be considered the preferred approach for the treatment of LM bifurcation lesions. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03068494.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977008

RESUMO

AIMS: Potent P2Y12 inhibitors for dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is crucial for managing acute myocardial infarction, however, the selection of drugs is based on limited clinical information such as age and body weight. The current study sought to develop and validate a new risk scoring system that can be used to guide the selection of potent P2Y12 inhibitors by balancing ischemic benefit and bleeding risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Derivation cohort of 10,687 patients who participated in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health study was used to construct a new scoring system. We combined the ischemic and bleeding models to establish a simple clinical prediction score. Among the low score group (n = 1,764), the observed bleeding risk (8.7% vs. 4.4%, P < 0.001) due to potent P2Y12 inhibitors exceeded ischemic benefit (1.3% vs. 2.2%, P = 0.185) during 12 months. Conversely, the high score group (n = 1,898) showed an overall benefit from taking potent P2Y12 inhibitors from the standpoint of observed ischemic (17.1% vs. 8.6%, P < 0.001) and bleeding events (10.1% vs. 6.8%, P = 0.073). The performance of ischemic (integrated area under the curve [iAUC] = 0.809) and bleeding model (iAUC = 0.655) was deemed to be acceptable. CONCLUSION: The new scoring system is a useful clinical tool for guiding DAPT by balancing ischemic benefit and bleeding risk, especially among Asian populations. Further validation studies with other cohorts will be required to verify that the new system meets the needs of real clinical practice.

3.
Korean J Intern Med ; 35(1): 119-132, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Minimising total ischemic time (TIT) is important for improving clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). TIT has not shown a significant improvement due to persistent pre-hospital delay. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with pre-hospital delay. METHODS: Individuals enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health between 2011 and 2015 were included in this study. The study population was analyzed according to the symptom-to-door time (STDT; within 60 or > 60 minutes), and according to the type of hospital visit (emergency medical services [EMS], non-PCI center, or PCI center). RESULTS: A total of 4,874 patients were included in the analysis, of whom 28.4% arrived at the hospital within 60 minutes of symptom-onset. Old age (> 65 years), female gender, and renewed ischemia were independent predictors of delayed STDT. Utilising EMS was the only factor shown to reduce STDT within 60 minutes, even when cardiogenic shock was evident. The overall frequency of EMS utilisation was low (21.7%). Female gender was associated with not utilising EMS, whereas cardiogenic shock, previous myocardial infarction, familial history of ischemic heart disease, and off-hour visits were associated with utilising EMS. CONCLUSION: Factors associated with delayed STDT and not utilising EMS could be targets for preventive intervention to improve STDT and TIT.

4.
J Cardiol ; 75(1): 66-73, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after acute coronary syndrome remains uncertain. This study investigated the benefit of DAPT beyond 12 months after drug-eluting stents (DES) for acute myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: From Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 6199 patients treated with DAPT for 12 months after DES (second-generation DES 98%) without ischemic or bleeding events were analyzed. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), a composite of death from any cause, MI, or ischemic stroke during the period from 12 to 24 months. RESULTS: After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, patients who received DAPT beyond 12 months (n=4795), compared to patients treated with 12-month DAPT (n=1404), had a similar incidence of MACCE (1.3% vs. 1.0%, HR: 1.32, 95% CI: 0.71-2.45, p=0.378). The 2 groups did not differ significantly in the rates of death (0.1% vs. 0.1%), MI (0.8% vs.0.6%), stent thrombosis (0.1% vs. 0.2%), ischemic stroke (0.4% vs. 0.2%), and major bleeding (0.1% vs. 0.1%). The rate of net adverse clinical events was 1.4% with DAPT beyond 12 months and 1.1% with 12-month DAPT (p=0.466). CONCLUSIONS: DAPT beyond 12 months, as compared with 12-month DAPT, in real-world patients with acute MI treated predominantly with second-generation DES did not reduce the risk of MACCE. The rates of major bleeding and net adverse clinical events did not differ significantly between the 2 treatments.

5.
Korean Circ J ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of data regarding the benefit of clopidogrel monotherapy after dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients treated with drug-eluting stents (DES). This study compared outcome between clopidogrel versus aspirin as monotherapy after DES for acute myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: From Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 1,819 patients treated with DES who were switched to monotherapy with clopidogrel (n=534) or aspirin (n=1,285) after uneventful 12-month DAPT were analyzed. The primary endpoint was net adverse clinical events (NACE), defined as a composite of death from any cause, MI, repeat percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), stent thrombosis, ischemic stroke, or major bleeding during the period from 12 to 24 months. RESULTS: After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, patients who received clopidogrel, compared with those treated with aspirin, had a similar incidence of NACE (0.7% and 0.7%; hazard ratio, 1.06; 95% confidence interval, 0.31-3.60; p=0.923). The 2 groups had similar rates of death from any cause (0.1% in each group, p=0.789), MI (0.3% and 0.1%, respectively; p=0.226), repeat PCI (0.1% and 0.3%, respectively; p=0.548), stent thrombosis (0.1% and 0%, respectively; p=0.121), major bleeding (0.2% in each group, p=0.974), and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (0.5% in each group, p=0.924). CONCLUSIONS: Monotherapy with clopidogrel, compared to aspirin, after DAPT showed similar clinical outcomes in patients with acute MI treated with DES.

6.
Korean Circ J ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship between operator volume and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has not been fully investigated. We aimed to investigate the relationship between operator PCI volume and in-hospital outcomes after primary PCI for STEMI. METHODS: Among the total of 44,967 consecutive cases of PCI enrolled in the Korean nationwide, retrospective registry (K-PCI registry), 8,282 patients treated with PCI for STEMI by 373 operators were analyzed. PCI volumes above the 75th percentile (>30 cases/year), between the 75th and 25th percentile (10-30 cases/year), and below the 25th percentile (<10 cases/year) were defined as high, moderate, and low-volume operators, respectively. In-hospital outcomes including mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis, stroke, and urgent repeat PCI were analyzed. RESULTS: The average number of primary PCI cases performed by 373 operators was 22.2 in a year. In-hospital mortality after PCI for STEMI was 571 cases (6.9%). In-hospital outcomes by operator volume showed no significant differences in the death rate, cardiac death, non-fatal MI, and stent thrombosis. However, the rate of urgent repeat PCI tended to be lower in the high-volume operator (0.6%) than in the moderate-(0.7%)/low-(1.5%) volume operator groups (p=0.095). The adjusted odds ratios for adverse in-hospital outcomes were similar in the 3 groups. Multivariate analysis also showed that operator volume was not a predictor for adverse in-hospital outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital outcomes after primary PCI for STEMI were not associated with operator volume in the K-PCI registry.

7.
Int Heart J ; 60(6): 1284-1292, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735782

RESUMO

The efficacy of pre-procedural beta-blocker use in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is not well established in the current percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) era. We investigate the effect of pre-procedural beta-blocker use on clinical outcomes in patients with ACS undergoing PCI. Among 44,967 consecutive cases of PCI enrolled in the nationwide, retrospective, multicenter registry (K-PCI registry), 31,040 patients with ACS were selected and analyzed. We classified patients into pre-procedural beta-blocker group (n = 8,678) and pre-procedural no-beta-blocker group (n = 22,362) according to the use of beta-blockers at least for two weeks before index PCI. Propensity score-matching analysis was performed and resulted in 7,445 pairs. The primary outcome was in-hospital cardiac death. In propensity score-matched populations, the pre-procedural beta-blocker group had a lower incidence of in-hospital cardiac death compared with the pre-procedural no-beta-blocker group (1.1% versus 2.0%, unadjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.56, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.42-0.73, P < 0.01). In subgroup analysis, the pre-procedural beta-blocker group had a lower incidence of in-hospital cardiac death, compared with the pre-procedural no-beta-blocker group in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction subpopulation (3.1% versus 6.1%, unadjusted OR: 0.49, 95% CI: 0.34-0.71, P < 0.01) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction subpopulation (1.5% versus 2.9%, unadjusted OR: 0.51, 95% CI: 0.33-0.79, P < 0.01). However, in unstable angina subpopulation, the in-hospital cardiac death rate was comparable between both groups. In conclusion, the use of pre-procedural beta-blocker was associated with a lower risk of in-hospital cardiac death in patients with ACS undergoing PCI. This result adds to the body of evidence that use of pre-procedural beta-blocker in patients with ACS might be reasonable.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Pré-Medicação , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(6): 857-863, 2019 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327489

RESUMO

Cardiovascular risk factors contribute differently to short-term prognosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI); hypertension and diabetes increase adverse outcomes, whereas hyperlipidemia, smoking, and obesity seem to paradoxically decrease these in post-MI patients. We aimed to investigate whether a simple calculation of conventional risk factors, PARADOCS (Pressure of ARtery elevAtion, Diabetes, Obesity, Cholesterol, Smoking) score, would improve the ability to predict major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) in post-MI patients. Between November 2011 and December 2015, 13,104 patients with diagnosis of AMI were analyzed in this study from Korean AMI Registry - National Institute of Health database. PARADOCS score was calculated as follows: (number of nonparadoxical risk factors - number of paradoxical risk factors) + 3 where nonparadoxical risk factors are hypertension and diabetes, and paradoxical risk factors are hyperlipidemia, smoking, and obesity. PARADOCS score was significantly greater in patients with 1-year MACCEs compared with those without MACCEs (3.43 ± 1.03 vs 2.88 ± 1.11, p <0.001). In Cox proportional hazards model, PARADOCS score was an independent predictor of 1-year MACCEs (hazards ratio 1.23, 95% confidence interval 1.16 to 1.30; p <0.001) after adjusting for confounding variables. In Kaplan-Meier survival curve, patients with greater PARADOCS score had worse clinical outcome. In conclusion, although it needs more validation, a simple calculation of risk factors, PARADOCS score, could provide useful prognostic information of MI patients to clinicians.

9.
Korean Circ J ; 49(8): 709-720, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diffuse long coronary artery disease (DLCAD) still has unfavorable clinical outcomes after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Resolute™ zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES; Resolute™ Integrity) for patients with DLCAD. METHODS: From December 2011 to December 2014, 1,011 patients who underwent PCI using R-ZES for CAD with longer than 25 mm lesion were prospectively enrolled from 21 hospitals in Korea. We assessed the clinical outcome of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as the composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and clinically-driven target vessel revascularization at 12 months. RESULTS: Mean age was 63.8±10.8 years, 701 (69.3%) patients were male, 572 (87.0%) patients had hypertension, 339 (33.8%) patients had diabetes, 549 (54.3%) patients diagnosed with acute MI and 545 (53.9%) patients had multi-vessel disease (MVD). A total of 1,697 stents were implanted into a total of 1,472 lesions. The mean diameter was 3.07±0.38 mm and the length was 28.27±6.97 mm. Multiple overlapping stents were performed in 205 (13.8%) lesions. A 12-month clinical follow-up was available in 1,004 patients (99.3%). The incidences of MACE and definite stent thrombosis at 12-month were 3.0% and 0.3% respectively. On multivariate Cox-regression analysis, multiple overlapping stents implantation, previous congestive heart failure, MVD, and age ≥75 years were independent predictors of one-year MACE. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that R-ZES has an excellent 1-year clinical outcome in Korean patients with DLCAD.

11.
J Hypertens ; 37(9): 1898-1905, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A recent guideline emphasized strict blood pressure (BP) control for the patients at high risk for cardiovascular events. However, there are little data about the relationship between BP control and clinical outcome in Korea. We sought to evaluate the clinical outcomes according to the mean observed BP in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who had undergone drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. METHODS: We reviewed records of 1010 CAD patients with DES from 2010 through 2011. After excluding in-hospital mortality cases (n = 79), we categorized patients into two groups based on the average SBP (SBP) at the outpatient clinic: mean SBP 120 mmHg or less (n = 290) and mean SBP greater than 120 mmHg (n = 641). Primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction, repeat target vessel revascularization, or stroke. Propensity score matching was performed to adjust for differences in baseline clinical variables. Median follow-up duration was 77.7 (36.6-87.3) months. RESULTS: The mean SBP greater than 120 mmHg had higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, such as diabetes (38.4 vs. 27.2%, P = 0.001), hypertension (58.8 vs. 32.4%, P < 0.001), and chronic kidney disease (3.3 vs. 1.0%, P = 0.043) than mean SBP 120 mmHg or less. MACCE incidence was significantly lower in the mean SBP 120 mmHg or less than in the mean SBP greater than 120 mmHg (14.3 vs. 22.0%, P = 0.007) at 77.7 months. Even after propensity score matching, the mean SBP 120 mmHg or less showed significantly reduced MACCE rate (14.3 vs. 22.8%, P = 0.007). CONCLUSION: Mean observed SBP 120 mmHg or less was associated with a lower incidence of future adverse outcomes in CAD patients with DES.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31132217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data are available for current usage patterns of intravascular modalities such as intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and fractional flow reserve (FFR) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Moreover, patient and procedural-based outcomes related to intravascular modality guidance compared to angiography guidance have not been fully investigated yet. METHODS: We examined 11,731 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from the Korea AMI Registry-National Institute of Health database. Patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) was defined as all-cause death, any infarction, and any revascularization. Device-oriented composite endpoint (DOCE) was defined as cardiac death, target-vessel reinfarction, and target-lesion revascularization. RESULTS: Overall, intravascular modalities were utilized in 2,659 (22.7%) patients including 2,333 (19.9%) IVUS, 277 (2.4%) OCT, and 157 (1.3%) FFR. In the unmatched cohort, POCE (5.4 vs. 8.5%; adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.75; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.61-0.93; p = .008) and DOCE (4.6 vs. 7.4%; adjusted HR 0.77; 95% CI 0.61-0.97; p = .028) were significantly lower in intravascular modality-guided PCI compared with angiography-guided PCI. In the propensity-score-matched cohorts, POCE (5.9 vs. 7.7%; HR 0.74; 95% CI 0.60-0.92; p = .006) and DOCE (5.0 vs. 6.8%; HR 0.72; 95% CI 0.57-0.90; p = .004) were significantly lower in intravascular modality guidance compared with angiography guidance. The difference was mainly driven by reduced all-cause mortality (4.4 vs. 7.0%; p < .001) and cardiac mortality (3.3 vs. 5.2%; p < .001). CONCLUSION: In this large-scale AMI registry, intravascular modality guidance was associated with an improving clinical outcome in selected high-risk patients.

13.
Coron Artery Dis ; 30(2): 95-102, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30707685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of immediate multivessel coronary intervention (MVI) remain controversial in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel disease (MVD). This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of immediate MVI compared with culprit-vessel intervention only (CVI-O) in diverse subgroups with STEMI and MVD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We compared immediate MVI (n=260) and CVI-O (n=931) regarding 1-year major adverse cardiac event rates for cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), and repeat revascularization in 1191 STEMI patients with MVD using data from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction-National Institutes of Health registry (2011-2015). High-risk patients and those who underwent a staged procedure were excluded from the analysis. Furthermore, propensity score matching and stratified subgroup analyses were performed. RESULTS: Immediate MVI and CVI-O groups had similar 1-year major adverse cardiac event rates [7.7 vs. 8.9%, hazard ratio (HR): 0.86, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.50-1.47, log-rank P=0.5628]. No difference was found between the groups in terms of the 1-year rate of cardiac death (2.9 vs. 1.3%, HR: 2.24, 95% CI: 0.75-6.67) or recurrent MI (2 vs. 1.5%, HR: 1.41, 95% CI: 0.45-4.44). However, repeat revascularization occurred less frequently in the immediate MVI group than in the CVI-O group (2.0 vs. 5.7%, HR: 0.35, 95% CI: 0.13-0.90, log-rank P=0.0142). These findings were found to be consistent across a broad spectrum of subgroups. CONCLUSION: Compared with CVI-O, immediate MVI did not improve 1-year net clinical outcomes in stable STEMI patients with MVD. The only benefit found was a reduced repeat revascularization in immediate MVI.

14.
Korean Circ J ; 49(2): 160-169, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30468030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Aortic valve replacement (AVR) is the treatment of choice in severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS) patients. However, a substantial number of elderly patients refuse AVR and treated medically. We investigated their long-term prognosis. METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2016, we analyzed elderly patients with severe symptomatic AS who refused to have AVR. RESULTS: After screening of total 534 patients, we analyzed total 180 severe symptomatic AS patients (78±7 years old, 96 males). Hypertension was the most common cardiovascular risk factor (72%) and the most common symptom was dyspnea (66%). Calculated aortic stenosis area was 0.73±0.20 cm² and mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 57.8±12.2%. Total 102 patients died during follow-up period (39.1±31.0 months). One-, 3-, and 5-year all-cause mortality rate was 21.1±3.0%, 43.1±3.8%, and 56.5±4.2%, respectively. Of them, 87 died from cardiac causes, and 1-, 3-, and 5-year cardiac mortality rate was 18.0±2.9%, 38.2±3.8%, and 50.7±4.3%, respectively. Their all-cause mortality and cardiac mortality were significantly higher than those of controls. Univariate analysis showed that age, anemia, LVEF, and Log N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were significant parameters in all-cause mortality (p<0.001, p=0.001, p=0.039, and p=0.047, respectively) and in cardiac mortality (p<0.001, p<0.001, p=0.046, and p=0.026, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that age and anemia were significant prognostic factors for cardiac and all-cause mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In elderly severe symptomatic AS patients who treated medically, their 1-, 3- and 5-year all-cause mortality rate was 21.1±3.0%, 43.1±3.8%, and 56.5±4.2%, respectively. Age and anemia were significant prognostic factors for cardiac and all-cause mortality.

15.
Heart Vessels ; 34(6): 898-905, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30519807

RESUMO

The POST (the effects of postconditioning on myocardial reperfusion in patients with ST-Segment elevation myocardial infarction) study showed that ischemic postconditioning did not improve myocardial reperfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, it has not been determined whether postconditioning is effective in women. This study sought to evaluate the impact of sex differences on ischemic postconditioning during the primary PCI. We analyzed clinical outcomes at 1 year in the 537 men and 163 women with STEMI, who were randomized to the postconditioning or to the conventional PCI group. Women were older, had higher rates of hypertension, were less likely to be current smokers, and had longer symptom-to-reperfusion time. The rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACE: a composite of death, myocardial infarction, severe heart failure, stent thrombosis, or target vessel revascularization) at 1 year was higher in women compared to men (9.8% vs. 5.4%, p = 0.044). MACE was significantly higher in women compared to men in the postconditioning group (12.2% vs. 5.4%, p = 0.042), but not in the conventional PCI group (7.9% vs. 5.4%, p = 0.391). However, women was not an independent predictor after adjusting baseline risk factors, angiographic and procedural parameters (HR 2.67, 95% CI 0.68-10.5, p = 0.158). Despite women having more adverse clinical characteristics, their prognosis was similar to men in the conventional group. Although women showed a higher rate of the MACE compared to men, women were not an independent predictor in the postconditioning group.


Assuntos
Pós-Condicionamento Isquêmico/métodos , Reperfusão Miocárdica , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Fatores Sexuais , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Circulação Coronária , Reestenose Coronária/mortalidade , Trombose Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Pós-Condicionamento Isquêmico/efeitos adversos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , República da Coreia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Am J Cardiol ; 123(5): 742-749, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30563616

RESUMO

Compared with transradial intervention (TRI), it is unclear whether transfemoral intervention (TFI) with vascular closure device (VCD) improves major adverse cardiocerebrovascular events (MACCE) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of this study is to compare TRI versus TFI with or without VCD for reducing MACCEs. We examined 11,596 patients who underwent TRI or TFI from the Korean AMI Registry - National Institute of Health database. The MACCE at 1-year was defined as death, nonfatal MI, repeat revascularization, cerebrovascular accident, hospitalizations, and major bleedings. Because the patients were not randomly assigned to vascular access sites, propensity-score (PS) matching was performed. In the PS-matched cohorts, compared with TFI, TRI significantly reduced 1-year MACCEs (7.1% vs 10.1%; log-rank p < 0.001) through a reduction in major bleeding (0.6% vs 2.2%; p < 0.001). Compared with TRI, 1-year MACCEs (11.3% vs 7.9%, log-rank p < 0.001) and major bleedings (0.6% vs 2.2%; p < 0.001) were significantly greater in TFI without VCD, whereas TFI with VCD was comparable in 1-year MACCEs (7.5% vs 8.1%, log-rank p = 0.437) and major bleeding (0.7% vs 1.0%; p = 0.409). In conclusion, the use of VCD could be an alternative to avoid major bleeding and to improve clinical outcomes, particularly in high-risk patients who are not suitable for TRI.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Dispositivos de Oclusão Vascular , Feminino , Artéria Femoral , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Artéria Radial , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 71(10): 811-819, oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-178823

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Hay poca información acerca de la estrategia de tratamiento de lesiones en bifurcación en el contexto del infarto agudo de miocardio con elevación del segmento ST (IAMCEST). Este estudio comparó los resultados clínicos entre 2 estrategias de tratamiento, 1 y 2 stents, en estos pacientes con lesiones en bifurcación tratados con intervención coronaria percutánea (ICP) primaria en el contexto del IAMCEST. Métodos: El COronary BIfurcation Stenting II es un registro retrospectivo multicéntrico que incluyó a 2.897 pacientes consecutivos con lesiones en bifurcación tratados con ICP y stents farmacoactivos desde enero de 2003 a diciembre de 2009. En el registro había 367 pacientes (12,7%) con IAMCEST, de los que se trató a 304 con estrategia de 1 stent y a 63 con la estrategia de 2 stents; el 77,1% de los pacientes tratados con ICP primaria recibieron stents farmacoactivos de primera generación. Para el ajuste de factores de confusión, se usó el método de ponderación por el inverso de la probabilidad de tratamiento. El objetivo primario fue el compuesto de eventos adversos cardiovasculares mayores (MACE): muerte cardiaca, infarto agudo de miocardio, revascularización de la lesión diana y trombosis del stent. Resultados: La media de seguimiento fue de 38 meses. El diámetro de la estenosis de la rama secundaria tras el procedimiento fue significativamente diferente entre los grupos de 1 y 2 stents (el 42,7 frente al 9,7%; p < 0,001). Después de llevar a cabo la ponderación por el inverso de la probabilidad de tratamiento, la tasa de MACE fue significativamente mayor en el grupo de 2 stents que en el de 1 (HR = 1,85; IC95%, 1,19-2,87; p = 0,006), principalmente por las mayores tasas de revascularización de la lesión diana y trombosis del stent. Conclusiones: En pacientes con IAMCEST y lesiones culpables en bifurcación tratados con ICP primaria, la estrategia de 2 stents tuvo una tasa de MACE significativamente mayor que la de 1 stent, a pesar del éxito del tratamiento inicial de la rama secundaria. Sin embargo, este resultado debería interpretarse con cautela, dado que este estudio no refleja la práctica clínica actual


Introduction and objectives: There are limited data on the preferred treatment strategy in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with bifurcation lesions. This study aimed to compare clinical outcomes between 1-stent and 2-stent strategies in STEMI patients with bifurcation lesions undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: The COronary BIfurcation Stenting II is a retrospective multicenter registry of 2897 consecutive patients with bifurcation lesions undergoing PCI with drug-eluting stents from January 2003 through December 2009. Among the registered population, 367 (12.7%) patients had STEMI; of these, a 1-stent strategy was used in 304 patients and a 2-stent strategy in 63 patients; 77.1% of the patients received primary PCI with a first-generation drug-eluting stent. The inverse-probability-of-treatment-weighting method was used to adjust for confounding factors. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization, and stent thrombosis. Results: The median length of follow-up was 38 months. Postprocedural side branch diameter stenosis differed significantly between the 2 groups (1-stent vs 2-stent, 42.7% vs 9.7%; P < .001). After the performance of inverse-probability-of-treatment-weighting methods, the rate of MACE was significantly higher in the 2-stent group than in the 1-stent group (HR, 1.85; 95%CI, 1.19-2.87; P = .006), mainly driven by target lesion revascularization and stent thrombosis. Conclusions: In STEMI patients with bifurcation culprit lesions undergoing primary PCI, the 2-stent strategy had significantly higher rates of MACE than the 1-stent strategy, despite successful treatment of the side branch. However, this result should be interpreted with caution because this study does not reflect current practice


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Stents Farmacológicos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Trombose Coronária/epidemiologia , Registros de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
Diabetes Metab J ; 42(2): 155-163, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29676545

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemorheologic indices are known to be related to vascular complications in variable clinical settings. However, little is known about the associations between hemorheologic parameters and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the changes of hemorheologic environment inside of blood using hemorheologic parameters, especially the elongation index (EI) and critical shear stress (CSS) in diabetics with versus without AMI. METHODS: A total of 195 patients with T2DM were enrolled. Patients were divided into the study group with AMI (AMI+, n=77) and control group (AMI-, n=118) who had no history of coronary artery disease. Hemorheologic parameters such as EI and CSS were measured and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The EI was lower (30.44%±1.77% in AMI+ and 31.47%±1.48% in AMI-, P<0.001) but the level of CSS was higher (316.13±108.20 mPa in AMI+ and 286.80±85.34 mPa in AMI-, P=0.040) in the AMI+. The CSS was significantly related to the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (R²=0.497, P<0.001) and use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (R²=0.574, P=0.048). CONCLUSION: Diabetics with AMI resulted in adverse hemorheologic changes with lower EI and higher CSS compared to diabetic subjects without AMI. Evaluation of the hemorheologic parameters may provide valuable supplementary information for managing patients with AMI and T2DM.

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