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1.
Paediatr Int Child Health ; : 1-5, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223545

RESUMO

Aim: Data on trends in the prevalence of suspected non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents are scarce, especially in the Asia-Pacific region. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the prevalence of suspected NAFLD changed between 2001-2005 and 2015-2017.Methods: Data were extracted from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-2005 to 2015-2017, n = 4448). Suspected NAFLD was defined by an elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level of >26 IU/L in boys and >22 IU/L in girls. In addition, the analysis was repeated using the Korean cut-off levels for ALT of 33 IU/L for boys and 25 IU/L for girls.Results: The prevalence of suspected NAFLD increased, with a relative increase of 44% from 7.8% (95% CI 6.6-9.2%) in 2001-2005 to 11.2% (95% CI 9.7-12.9%) in 2015-2017 (p = 0.001). This increase was evident in both boys (10.6 vs 14.7%, p = 0.01) and girls (4.6 vs 7.4%, p = 0.02). Increases were also observed in obesity (7.3 vs 10.6%), central obesity (10.0 vs 12.8%) and ALT level (14.9 vs 16.7 IU/L). The prevalence of suspected NAFLD was approximately 40-45% in obese/central obese adolescents in 2015-2017. Using the Korean cut-off levels, the prevalence of suspected NAFLD has increased, with a relative increase of 55%, from 4.6% (95% CI 3.7-5.7%) in 2001-2005 to 7.2% (95% CI 6.1-8.5%) in 2015-2017 (p = 0.01).Conclusions: The prevalence of suspected NAFLD continues to increase in Korean adolescents.Abbreviations: ALT, alanine aminotransferase; BMI, body mass index; KNHANES, Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; NAFLD, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(12): e19553, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195964

RESUMO

New endoscopic resection techniques are constantly being developed for gastric adenoma, which can be classified as low or high grade according to the Vienna classification. However, long-term data on gastric adenoma (e.g., removal or follow-up after resection via endoscopy) remain lacking.We retrospectively analyzed 133 cases with gastric adenoma that underwent endoscopic resection from January 2010 to November 2018. We analyzed the risk factors and frequency of patients with synchronous and metachronous lesions after endoscopic resection for gastric adenoma and followed them for more than 2 years.One hundred six (79.7%) and 27 patients (20.3%) received endoscopic resection (ER) once and more than twice, respectively. Compared with the initial endoscopic biopsy pathological results, the upgraded and downgraded histological discrepancy rates were 10.5% (n = 14) and 3.0% (n = 4) after resection, respectively. The mean time to synchronous/metachronous recurrence was 2.23 years. The average lesion size at first procedure was larger in the multiple ER group than in the single ER group (2.00 vs 1.10 cm; P = .040). Eleven (8.3%) and 16 patients (12.0%) had recurred synchronous and metachronous lesions, respectively. In the multivariate Cox analysis of the recurrence group, intestinal metaplasia (hazard ratio, 2.761; 95% confidence interval, 1.117-6.820; P = .028) and lesion size (hazard ratio, 1.607; 95% confidence interval, 1.082-2.385; P = .019) were independent factors for receiving endoscopic resection more than twice.If patients have severe intestinal metaplasia or large size of lesion at endoscopic resection for gastric adenoma, periodic observation is necessary.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adenoma/classificação , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Intestinos/patologia , Masculino , Metaplasia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
3.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026549

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to determine the utility of chronic kidney disease (CKD)-related health states in the Korean general population by using the standard gamble (SG) method. METHODS: Seven hypothetical CKD-related health states were developed and revised based on previous publications. Data from 242 individuals from the Korean general population were obtained via computer-assisted personal interviews and used to evaluate the CKD-related health states by using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and SG methods. Mean and median utility values were calculated for each health state. To assess the reliability of the valuation, some samples were retested and evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). RESULTS: In all health states, the utility weights from SG were higher than those from VAS. The difference in utility values between the two valuation methods ranged from 0.258 to 0.308. The utility value of CKD grade 3 was the highest and that of peritoneal dialysis (PD) was the lowest. The utility weights tended to decrease in accordance with the progression of CKD. CKD grade 3 was assigned a SG utility value of 0.878, whereas PD was assigned 0.507. The SG utility values of predialysis end-stage renal disease, haemodialysis, kidney transplantation (KT), and post-KT recovery states were 0.666, 0.547, 0.748 and 0.827, respectively. The mean ICC (SD) at the individual level was 0.746 (0.281) for the SG scores. CONCLUSION: Our results could be used to measure the burden of kidney disease or to evaluate the economic efficiency of CKD-related interventions.

4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(2)2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952300

RESUMO

We propose a ring oscillator (RO) based current-to-voltage-to-frequency (I-V-F) converting current transducer with a cascade bias circuit. The I-V-F converting scheme guarantees highly stable biasing against RO, with a rail-to-rail output operation. This device was fabricated using National NanoFab Center (NNFC) 180 nm complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology, which achieves a current resolution of 1 nA in a measurement range up to 200 nA. A noise floor of 11.8 pA/√Hz, maximum differential nonlinearity (DNL) of 0.15 in 1 nA steps, and rail-to-rail output with a 1.8 V power supply is achieved. The proposed transducer can be effectively applied to bio-sensing devices requiring a compact area and low power consumption with a low current output. The fabricated structure can be applied to monolithic-three-dimensional integration with a bio-sensing device.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18702, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Old age is a risk factor of suboptimal bowel preparation. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of mosapride citrate with a split dose of polyethylene glycol (PEG) plus ascorbic acid for bowel preparation in elderly patients (aged ≥65 years) before they underwent a colonoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective investigator-blinded randomized study was conducted from November 2017 to October 2018. The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups, a mosapride group (mosapride citrate with a split-dose of PEG plus ascorbic acid) or a non-mosapride group (a split-dose of PEG plus ascorbic acid alone). Mosapride citrate 15 mg (Gastin CR) was administered once with each split-dose of the bowel preparation. The bowel preparation quality was assessed using the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS). RESULTS: A total of 257 patients were finally included and analyzed in our study. The total BBPS score was significantly higher in the mosapride group than in the non-mosapride group (8.53 vs 8.24, P = .033). The BBPS scores of the right colon and mid-colon were 2.75 vs 2.61 (P = .044) and 2.89 vs 2.79 (P = .030), respectively. The rate of adequate bowel preparation (BBPS ≥ 6) was similar in both groups (98.4% vs 98.5%, P = .968), while the rate of excellent bowel preparation (BBPS = 9) was higher in the mosapride group than in the non-mosapride group (73.8% vs 61.1%, P = .029). The total incidence of adverse events during the administration of the bowel cleansing agent, particularly abdominal fullness, was lower in the mosapride group (11.9% vs 30.5%, P < .001). CONCLUSION: The administration of mosapride citrate with a split-dose of PEG plus ascorbic acid in elderly patients showed an increase in bowel preparation efficacy and reduced adverse events, particularly abdominal fullness, during the administration of a bowel cleansing agent.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/uso terapêutico , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Catárticos/uso terapêutico , Colonoscopia/métodos , Morfolinas/uso terapêutico , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ácido Ascórbico/administração & dosagem , Benzamidas/administração & dosagem , Benzamidas/efeitos adversos , Catárticos/administração & dosagem , Catárticos/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Morfolinas/administração & dosagem , Morfolinas/efeitos adversos , Cooperação do Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego
6.
Clin Endosc ; 53(1): 18-28, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645090

RESUMO

There are a variety of causes of intestinal obstruction, with the most common cause being malignant diseases; however, volvulus, inflammatory bowel disease or diverticulitis, radiation injury, ischemia, and pseudo-obstruction can also cause colonic obstruction. These are benign conditions; however, delayed diagnosis of acute intestinal obstruction owing to these causes can cause critical complications, such as perforation. Therefore, high levels of clinical suspicion and appropriate treatment are crucial. There are variable treatment options for colonic obstruction, and endoscopic treatment is known to be a less invasive and an effective option for such. In this article, the authors review the causes of benign colonic obstruction and pseudo-obstruction and the role of endoscopy in treating them.

7.
Clin Mol Hepatol ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679316

RESUMO

Data on the trends in the prevalence of chronic liver disease (CLD) in Korea are scarce. This study aimed to evaluate whether the CLD prevalence changed between 1998-2001 and 2016-2017. Data were extracted from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1998-2001 to 2016-2017; n=25,893). Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was defined as a hepatic steatosis index >36 in the absence of any other evidence of CLD. The definition of alcoholrelated liver disease (ALD) was excessive alcohol consumption (≥210 g/week for men and ≥140 g/week for women) and an ALD/NAFLD index >0. The prevalence of NAFLD increased from 18.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 17.8-19.5%) in 1998-2001 to 21.5% (95% CI, 20.6-22.6%) in 2016-2017. During the same time period, increases were observed in the prevalence of obesity (27.0 vs. 35.1%), central obesity (29.4 vs. 36.0%), diabetes (7.5 vs. 10.6%), and excessive drinking (7.3 vs.10.5%). ALD prevalence also increased from 3.8% (95% CI, 3.4-4.2%) to 7.0% (95% CI, 6.4-7.6%). In contrast, chronic hepatitis B decreased from 5.1% (95% CI, 4.6-5.5%) to 3.4% (95% CI, 3.0-3.8%). The prevalence of chronic hepatitis C was approximately 0.3% in 2016-2017. The prevalence of NAFLD and ALD increase among Korean adults. Our results suggest potential targets for interventions to reduce the future burden of CLD.

8.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 74(4): 205-211, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650796

RESUMO

Background/Aims: The serum aminotransferase level is usually elevated in rhabdomyolysis, and these enzymes originate from the skeletal muscle. On the other hand, there is limited data showing whether the degree of elevation of these enzymes differs according to the concurrent liver disease. Methods: Patients with rhabdomyolysis were selected when their serum creatinine kinase level was >1,000 U/L. They were categorized as the group with and without concurrent liver disease. The AST and ALT levels in both groups were compared. In addition, the aminotransferase level was compared between those with rhabdomyolysis and those with alcoholic liver disease. Results: Among the 165 patients with rhabdomyolysis, 19 had concurrent liver disease. The median peak AST was higher in the group with concurrent liver disease (332 U/L [interquartile range (IQR), 127-1,604] vs. 219 U/L [IQR, 115-504]). In addition, the median peak ALT was higher in the group with concurrent liver disease (107 U/L [IQR, 74-418] vs. 101 U/L [IQR, 56-218]). On the other hand, there was no significant difference in both enzymes between the two groups. The median peak AST level was significantly higher in those with rhabdomyolysis than in those with alcoholic liver disease (221 U/L [IQR, 118-553] vs. 103 U/L [IQR, 59-206]), but the median peak ALT was not significantly different (102 U/L [IQR, 58-222] vs. 51 U/L [IQR, 26-117]). Conclusions: Rhabdomyolysis showed an elevated AST-dominant aminotransferase level, which is not different according to concurrent liver disease. Therefore, it is recommended that rhabdomyolysis be considered first in cases of elevated aminotransferase levels in patients with a suspicious skeletal muscle injury.

9.
Transplant Proc ; 51(8): 2575-2581, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the outcomes of kidney transplantation (KT) from deceased acute kidney injury (AKI) donors and analyzed the factors affecting these outcomes. METHODS: All patients who underwent KT from deceased donors at our institution from 1998 to 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Recipients were divided into the AKI and non-AKI donor groups. We analyzed delayed graft function (DGF), serum creatinine levels at 1 month and 1 year after KT, cold ischemia time, donors' initial and terminal serum creatinine levels, Kidney Donor Profile Index, and patient and graft survival in each group. RESULTS: Of 181 recipients, 30 received kidneys from 21 AKI donors, whereas the remaining 151 received kidneys from donors without AKI. DGF more frequently developed in the AKI donor group than in the non-AKI donor group (40% vs 7.28%; P = .001). Allograft functions at 1 month and 1 year after KT did not differ between the AKI and non-AKI donor groups (1 month: P = .469; 1 year: P = .691). Factors affecting DGF were recipient weight and donor AKI. Recipient factors affecting graft function at 1 year were recipient height, length of hospital stay, serum creatinine levels at 1 month and 6 months, and biopsy-proven acute rejection. Older donor age was the only donor factor that affected graft function at 1 year. CONCLUSION: KT from deceased AKI donors showed a higher DGF rate but favorable patient and graft survival and graft functions. Donor AKI and recipient weight affected DGF, and only older donor age affected graft function at 1 year.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda , Função Retardada do Enxerto/epidemiologia , Função Retardada do Enxerto/etiologia , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Doadores de Tecidos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo , Transplantes/fisiopatologia
10.
J Digit Imaging ; 2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152273

RESUMO

Lung lobe segmentation in chest CT has been used for the analysis of lung functions and surgical planning. However, accurate lobe segmentation is difficult as 80% of patients have incomplete and/or fake fissures. Furthermore, lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can increase the difficulty of differentiating the lobar fissures. Lobar fissures have similar intensities to those of the vessels and airway wall, which could lead to segmentation error in automated segmentation. In this study, a fully automated lung lobe segmentation method with 3D U-Net was developed and validated with internal and external datasets. The volumetric chest CT scans of 196 normal and mild-to-moderate COPD patients from three centers were obtained. Each scan was segmented using a conventional image processing method and manually corrected by an expert thoracic radiologist to create gold standards. The lobe regions in the CT images were then segmented using a 3D U-Net architecture with a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) using separate training, validation, and test datasets. In addition, 40 independent external CT images were used to evaluate the model. The segmentation results for both the conventional and deep learning methods were compared quantitatively to the gold standards using four accuracy metrics including the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC), Jaccard similarity coefficient (JSC), mean surface distance (MSD), and Hausdorff surface distance (HSD). In internal validation, the segmentation method achieved high accuracy for the DSC, JSC, MSD, and HSD (0.97 ± 0.02, 0.94 ± 0.03, 0.69 ± 0.36, and 17.12 ± 11.07, respectively). In external validation, high accuracy was also obtained for the DSC, JSC, MSD, and HSD (0.96 ± 0.02, 0.92 ± 0.04, 1.31 ± 0.56, and 27.89 ± 7.50, respectively). This method took 6.49 ± 1.19 s and 8.61 ± 1.08 s for lobe segmentation of the left and right lungs, respectively. Although various automatic lung lobe segmentation methods have been developed, it is difficult to develop a robust segmentation method. However, the deep learning-based 3D U-Net method showed reasonable segmentation accuracy and computational time. In addition, this method could be adapted and applied to severe lung diseases in a clinical workflow.

11.
Intest Res ; 17(3): 413-418, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30959582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study compared the efficacy, compliance, and safety of bowel preparation between sodium picosulfate with magnesium citrate (SPMC) and oral sulfate solution (OSS). METHODS: A prospective randomized multicenter study was performed. Split preparation methods were performed in both groups; the SPMC group, 2 sachets on the day before, and 1 sachet on the day of the procedure, the OSS group, half of the OSS with 1 L of water on both the day before and the day of the procedure. The adenoma detection rate (ADR), adequacy of bowel preparation using the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS) score, patient satisfaction on a visual analog scale (VAS), and safety were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: This study analyzed 229 patients (121 in the SPMC group and 108 in the OSS group). ADR showed no differences between 2 groups (51.7% vs. 41.7%, P> 0.05). The mean total BBPS score (7.95 vs. 8.11, P> 0.05) and adequate bowel preparation rate (94.9% vs. 96.3%, P> 0.05) were similar between the 2 groups. The mean VAS score for taste (7.62 vs. 6.87, P=0.006) was significantly higher in the SPMC group than in the OSS group. There were no significant differences in any other safety variables between the 2 groups except nausea symptom (36.1% vs. 20.3%, P=0.008). CONCLUSIONS: Bowel preparation for colonoscopy using low volume OSS and SPMC yielded similar ADRs and levels of efficacy. SPMC had higher levels of satisfaction for taste and feeling than did OSS.

12.
Clin Nephrol ; 91(6): 363-369, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30848240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Donor organ quality is a key determinant of graft outcomes in deceased donor kidney transplantation (DDKT). The predictive values of baseline histopathology and several clinical scoring systems for long-term graft outcomes have been evaluated, but the results remain controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We screened 167 patients who underwent DDKT at Ulsan University Hospital from April 2003 to June 2016. Among them, 66 patients who underwent baseline kidney biopsy and whose kidney donor risk index (KDRI) was available were included in this analysis. All baseline biopsies were rescored according to the updated Banff classification. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 22 months. Mean age of recipients and donors was 51.4 and 44.7 years, respectively. Mean KDRI was 1.40 ± 0.44. During follow-up, delayed graft function and biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR) developed in 7 and 11 patients, respectively. Graft failure occurred in 2 patients. In Cox regression analysis, interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy (IFTA) (hazard ratio (HR) = 3.59; p = 0.049) was a significant risk factor for BPAR. In multivariate linear regression, age (standardized ß (SB) = -0.282; p = 0.002), BPAR (SB = -0.406; p < 0.001), KDRI (SB = -0.277; p = 0.003), and IFTA (SB = -0.298; p = 0.001) were significant predictors of last-visit estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). CONCLUSION: Several clinical and pathologic parameters, such as KDRI and IFTA, may be helpful for predicting long-term graft outcomes, including BPAR and last-visit eGFR, in DDKT.
.


Assuntos
Aloenxertos/patologia , Função Retardada do Enxerto/etiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Túbulos Renais/patologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Aloenxertos/fisiopatologia , Aloenxertos/normas , Atrofia/patologia , Biópsia , Função Retardada do Enxerto/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Fibrose , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Rejeição de Enxerto/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Doadores de Tecidos
13.
Clin Endosc ; 52(1): 3-4, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30677789
14.
Gut Liver ; 13(2): 176-182, 2019 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30400725

RESUMO

Background/Aims: The use of a low-volume bowel cleansing agent is associated with a greater willingness to undergo repeat colonoscopy. Oral sulfate solution (OSS) is a recently approved low-volume agent; however, its efficacy and safety in the elderly population remain unclear. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and acceptability of the OSS preparation, in comparison to those of a standard polyethylene glycol (PEG; 4 L) preparation, in elderly patients. Methods: A multicenter, randomized, investigator-blinded study was conducted. Participants were randomized to receive OSS or 4-L PEG with a split-dose regimen. Bowel cleansing efficacy was assessed using the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS). Acceptance, satisfaction, and preparation-related symptoms were recorded. Additionally, blood parameters were analyzed for electrolyte abnormalities and nephrotoxicity. Results: A total of 193 patients were analyzed. No group differences in overall bowel cleansing efficacy were observed, with "adequate"preparations achieved in 95.9% (93/97) and 94.8% (91/96) of patients in the OSS and 4L PEG groups, respectively (p=0.747). However, mean BBPS scores for the entire (p=0.010) and right colon (p=0.001) were significantly higher in the OSS group than in the 4-L PEG group. The severity of clinical adverse events and frequency of acute kidney injury were similarly low, and no clinically meaningful electrolyte changes were identified. Self-reported scores regarding amount (p<0.001) and feeling (p=0.007), as well as overall satisfaction (p=0.001) and willingness to repeat the preparation (92.8% vs 67.7%, p<0.001), were significantly better in the OSS group than in the 4-L PEG group. Conclusions: In elderly individuals, OSS with a split-dose regimen has greater acceptability and comparable efficacy in bowel cleansing compared to 4-L PEG. (Clinical trials registration number: NCT03112967).


Assuntos
Catárticos/administração & dosagem , Colonoscopia/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/psicologia , Administração Oral , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Método Simples-Cego , Sulfatos/administração & dosagem
15.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 24(1): 56-64, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29206319

RESUMO

AIM: Although a National Health Screening Program (NHSP) for chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been implemented in Korea since 2002, its cost-effectiveness has never been determined. This study aimed to estimate the cost-utility of NHSP for CKD in Korea. METHODS: A Markov decision analytic model was constructed to compare CKD screening strategies of the NHSP with no screening. We developed a model that simulated disease progression in a cohort aged 20-120 years or death from the societal perspective. RESULTS: Biannual screening starting at age 40 for CKD by proteinuria (dipstick) and estimated glomerular filtration ratio had an ICUR of $66 874/QALY relative to no screening. The targeted screening strategy had an ICUR of $37 812/QALY and $40 787/QALY for persons with diabetes and hypertension, respectively. ICURs improved with lower cost strategies. The most influential parameter that might make screening more cost-effective was the effectiveness of treatment on CKD to decrease disease progression and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The Korean NHSP for CKD is more cost-effective for patients with diabetes or hypertension than the general population, consistent with prior studies. Although it is too early to conclude the cost-effectiveness of the Korean NHSP for CKD, this study provides evidence that is useful in evaluating the cost-effectiveness of CKD interventions.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Programas de Rastreamento/economia , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/economia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Simulação por Computador , Análise Custo-Benefício , Nefropatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/economia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/epidemiologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/terapia , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Cadeias de Markov , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Econômicos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Proteinúria/diagnóstico , Proteinúria/economia , Proteinúria/epidemiologia , Proteinúria/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Urinálise/economia , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Ren Nutr ; 28(6): 380-392, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30348259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To better define the prevalence of protein-energy wasting (PEW) in kidney disease is poorly defined. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of PEW prevalence from contemporary studies including more than 50 subjects with kidney disease, published during 2000-2014 and reporting on PEW prevalence by subjective global assessment or malnutrition-inflammation score. Data were reviewed throughout different strata: (1) acute kidney injury (AKI), (2) pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD), (3) nondialyzed CKD 3-5, (4) maintenance dialysis, and (5) subjects undergoing kidney transplantation (Tx). Sample size, period of publication, reporting quality, methods, dialysis technique, country, geographical region, and gross national income were a priori considered factors influencing between-study variability. RESULTS: Two studies including 189 AKI patients reported a PEW prevalence of 60% and 82%. Five studies including 1776 patients with CKD stages 3-5 reported PEW prevalence ranging from 11% to 54%. Finally, 90 studies from 34 countries including 16,434 patients on maintenance dialysis were identified. The 25th-75th percentiles range in PEW prevalence among dialysis studies was 28-54%. Large variation in PEW prevalence across studies remained even when accounting for moderators. Mixed-effects meta-regression identified geographical region as the only significant moderator explaining 23% of the observed data heterogeneity. Finally, two studies including 1067 Tx patients reported a PEW prevalence of 28% and 52%, and no studies recruiting pediatric CKD patients were identified. CONCLUSION: By providing evidence-based ranges of PEW prevalence, we conclude that PEW is a common phenomenon across the spectrum of AKI and CKD. This, together with the well-documented impact of PEW on patient outcomes, justifies the need for increased medical attention.


Assuntos
Desnutrição Proteico-Calórica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Prevalência , Sociedades Médicas
17.
Dig Dis ; 36(5): 354-361, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29969782

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Surveillance colonoscopy is recommended after polypectomy because adenoma recurrence is common. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictors of high-risk adenoma occurrence at surveillance colonoscopy in patients who undergo colorectal adenoma removal and to clarify the association between age and recurrent colorectal adenoma. METHODS: This retrospective study included 563 patients who had colorectal adenomas at baseline colonoscopy and who underwent surveillance colonoscopy. The risk factors for recurrent adenoma were evaluated and the 5-year cumulative incidence rates of overall and high-risk adenoma were compared according to age group. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 3.1 years, 305 (54.2%) patients had overall adenoma recurrence, and 80 (14.2%) patients had high-risk adenoma at surveillance colonoscopy. In a multivariate analysis, old age (≥60 years) and presence of multiple adenomas (3 or more) were significantly associated with high-risk adenoma (p = 0.002 and p = 0.006 respectively). The 5-year cumulative incidence rates of high-risk adenoma were 7.4, 16.7, and 24.1% in the < 50, 50-59, and ≥60 years group respectively (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Old age (≥60 years) and presence of multiple adenomas (3 or more) were strongly associated with the occurrence of high-risk adenoma at surveillance colonoscopy. The 5-year cumulative incidence of high-grade adenoma was significantly high in the old age group.


Assuntos
Adenoma/epidemiologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Vigilância da População , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Colonoscopia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 161: 39-44, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29852966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Contactless operating room (OR) interfaces are important for computer-aided surgery, and have been developed to decrease the risk of contamination during surgical procedures. METHODS: In this study, we used Leap Motion™, with a personalized automated classifier, to enhance the accuracy of gesture recognition for contactless interfaces. This software was trained and tested on a personal basis that means the training of gesture per a user. We used 30 features including finger and hand data, which were computed, selected, and fed into a multiclass support vector machine (SVM), and Naïve Bayes classifiers and to predict and train five types of gestures including hover, grab, click, one peak, and two peaks. RESULTS: Overall accuracy of the five gestures was 99.58% ±â€¯0.06, and 98.74% ±â€¯3.64 on a personal basis using SVM and Naïve Bayes classifiers, respectively. We compared gesture accuracy across the entire dataset and used SVM and Naïve Bayes classifiers to examine the strength of personal basis training. CONCLUSIONS: We developed and enhanced non-contact interfaces with gesture recognition to enhance OR control systems.


Assuntos
Gestos , Informática Médica/métodos , Salas Cirúrgicas , Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão , Algoritmos , Teorema de Bayes , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Mãos , Humanos , Modelos Estatísticos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Software , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Interface Usuário-Computador
19.
Kidney Res Clin Pract ; 37(1): 20-29, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29629274

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy is the most frequent cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide. Dialysis patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have more complications and shorter survival duration than non-DM dialysis patients, requiring more clinical attention and difficult management. The registry committee of the Korean Society of Nephrology has collected data about dialysis therapy in Korea through an on-line registry program and analyzed the characteristics of patients. A survey of dialysis patients in 2016 showed that 50.2% of new dialysis patients had DM nephropathy as the cause of end-stage renal disease. The proportion of patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) for more than 5 years was 38% in DM patients and 51% in non-DM patients. The mean pulse pressure in DM HD patients was 71.5 mmHg, compared with 62.6 mmHg in non-DM patients. The proportion of DM patients with native vessel arteriovenous fistula as vascular access for HD was lower than that of non-DM patients (73% vs. 78%). Mean serum creatinine of DM and non-DM dialysis patients was 8.4 mg/dL and 9.5 mg/dL respectively. As vascular access of the DM HD patients was poor, the dialysis adequacy of DM patients was slightly lower than that of non-DM patients. The 5-year survival rate for DM HD patients was 53.9%, which was much lower than that of chronic glomerulonephritis patients (78.2%). The proportion of patients with a full-time job was 17% for DM patients and 28% for non-DM patients.

20.
Intest Res ; 16(1): 147-150, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29422810

RESUMO

Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune bullous disorder characterized by the production of autoantibodies against the intercellular space of the epithelium. It has rarely been reported in association with inflammatory bowel disease. Ulcerative colitis is one of the forms of inflammatory bowel disease. A 62-year-old woman who had been treated for ulcerative colitis for 16 years developed pruritic bullae on the skin of her face and body. Histological findings and direct immunofluorescence examination of the skin showed pemphigus vulgaris. She was treated with systemic steroids, mesalazine, and azathioprine. Her cutaneous lesions have remained in remission and her ulcerative colitis has remained well-controlled. The relationship between pemphigus vulgaris and ulcerative colitis is unclear. An autoimmune response has been suspected in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis. Pemphigus vulgaris is also associated with an autoimmune mechanism. To our knowledge, this is the first case of ulcerative colitis associated with pemphigus vulgaris reported in Korea. The association may be causal.

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