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1.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 77(4): 179-189, 2021 04 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824248

RESUMO

Backgrounds/Aims: Steatohepatitis related to metabolic syndrome is a chronic liver disease prevalent in patients not only with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis but also with alcoholic liver disease and chronic viral hepatitis. On the other hand, there is limited data on the effects of hepatotonic agents in these patients. Therefore, this study evaluated the efficacy of a combined hepatotonic agent in this population. Methods: Thirty-three adults with chronic hepatitis and one or more components of metabolic syndrome were assigned randomly to receive biphenyl dimethyl dicarboxylate/ursodeoxycholic acid or a placebo for 24 weeks. The primary outcome was the normalization of ALT (≤40 U/L). The secondary outcomes were the change in controlled attenuation parameter, transient elastography, and Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire score. Results: The 33 patients were assigned randomly to two groups. Eight (50%) of 16 patients who received the intervention drug showed the normalization of ALT, whereas only one (6%) of 17 patients in the placebo group did so. In contrast, the change in controlled attenuation, transient elastography, and Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire were similar in the two groups. ALT was changed significantly during the four assessment periods, and this change was affected by the group. The interaction between the group and time was also significant. AST was changed significantly during the same period. This change was not affected by the group. Conclusions: Biphenyl dimethyl dicarboxylate/ursodeoxycholic acid combination reduced ALT in chronic liver disease related to metabolic syndrome. On the other hand, there is no evidence that this leads to improved hepatic steatosis and fibrosis within 6 months.

2.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cecal intubation is essential during colonoscopy, and observation of the terminal ileum is performed in most clinical practices. However, data on terminal ileal (TI) ulcers observed incidentally during colonoscopy are rare. AIM: We aimed to identify the characteristics and clinical course of TI ulcers observed incidentally during colonoscopy. METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2018, medical records from multi-centers reporting asymptomatic subjects who underwent biopsy on TI ulcers during colonoscopy were retrospectively reviewed. The characteristics of endoscopic findings and clinical course of TI ulcers were analyzed, and the factors affecting the clinical course of TI ulcers were evaluated. RESULTS: The median follow-up durations from first to second colonoscopy and from second to third colonoscopy were 20 months (interquartile range, 12-36) and 24 months (interquartile range, 12-34), respectively. A total of 134 subjects were included in the analysis. The histopathologic findings of TI ulcers were mostly chronic or active ileitis/inflammation (92.7%). On the second colonoscopy, 59 (44.0%) patients had no ulcers, 38 (28.4%) showed a decrease in size or number, and 37 (27.6%) patients showed no change in ulcers. Among 62 subjects who underwent a third colonoscopy, 14 (10.4%) had decreased size or number, 10 (7.5%) had no ulcer change, and two (1.5%) had increased ulcer size or number. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, a star shape was the only factor affecting continuation without improvement of incidental TI ulcers. CONCLUSIONS: Most TI ulcers observed incidentally showed no unusual findings on biopsy and improved on follow-up colonoscopy without treatment.

3.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 77(2): 84-87, 2021 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632999

RESUMO

Colorectal perineuriomas are benign mucosal-based mesenchymal tumors composed of perineurial cells and show serrated or hyperplastic crypts in epithelium on histopathological evaluation. Most perineuriomas are usually presented as sessile polyps and often as subepithelial tumors. In this case, colonoscopy revealed a rectal subepithelial tumor (measuring approximately 7 mm) with yellowish- colored normal mucosa. A rectal neuroendocrine tumor was suspected, and cap-assisted endoscopic mucosal resection was performed. Histopathological examination of the resected specimen revealed bland spindle cells showing immunopositivity for CD34. The patient was finally diagnosed with rectal perineurioma.

4.
Cancer Prev Res (Phila) ; 14(5): 563-572, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509804

RESUMO

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a hereditary disease characterized by the development of numerous colorectal adenomas in young adults. Metformin, an oral diabetic drug, has been shown to have antineoplastic effects and a favorable safety profile. We performed a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of metformin on the regression of colorectal and duodenal adenoma in patients with FAP. Thirty-four FAP patients were randomly assigned in a 1:2:2 ratio to receive placebo, 500 mg metformin, or 1,500 mg metformin per day orally for 7 months. The number and size of polyps and the global polyp burden were evaluated before and after the intervention. This study was terminated early based on the results of the interim analysis. No significant differences were determined in the percentage change of colorectal and duodenal polyp number over the course of treatment among the three treatment arms (P = 0.627 and P = 1.000, respectively). We found no significant differences in the percentage change of colorectal or duodenal polyp size among the three groups (P = 0.214 and P = 0.803, respectively). The overall polyp burdens of the colorectum and duodenum were not significantly changed by metformin treatment at either dosage. Colon polyps removed from the metformin-treated patients showed significantly lower mTOR signal (p-S6) expression than those from patients in the placebo arm. In conclusion, 7 months of treatment with 500 mg or 1,500 mg metformin did not reduce the mean number or size of polyps in the colorectum or duodenum in FAP patients (ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT01725490). PREVENTION RELEVANCE: A 7-month metformin treatment (500 mg or 1,500 mg) did not reduce the number or size of polyps in the colorectum or duodenum of FAP patients as compared to placebo. These results do not support the use of metformin to promote regression of intestinal adenomas in FAP patients.

5.
J Thorac Dis ; 12(9): 4950-4959, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145069

RESUMO

Background: Active tuberculosis (TB) develops in approximately 10% of people with a latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). TB guidelines recommend that LTBI screening and treatments target high-risk patients. Malignancies are not universally considered a high-risk factor for active TB. This study aimed to determine the degrees to which active TB risk was associated with various cancers in a Korean population. Methods: This study involved patients aged ≥20 years who were diagnosed with cancer at Ulsan University Hospital (UUH) from January 2000 to December 2014 and individuals who visited UUH for health screening and were age- and sex-matched randomly with cases in a 1:2 ratio. Using retrospective cohort study, the development of bacteriologically confirmed TB (BCTB) within 3 years after enrollment was investigated. The relative risks of BCTB were estimated using incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and a Poisson regression analysis. Results: During the study period, 380 of 34,783 cancer patients and 79 of 69,566 control subjects developed BCTB, yielding respective incidence rates of 535 and 37/100,000 person-years, respectively. In all cancer cases, the IRR of BCTB was 14.30, and especially high rates were associated with the following cancers: esophageal cancer (74.72), multiple myeloma (70.76), lung cancer (50.35), pancreatic cancer (46.04), leukemia (40.45), head and neck cancer (24.60), and lymphoma (22.67). Conclusions: The incidence of active TB was higher in cancer patients than in control subjects. In particular, lung cancer, esophageal cancer, pancreatic cancer, hematologic malignancy and head and neck cancer were identified as high-risk factors for active TB, as indicated by IRRs of 20-75. These findings suggest that patients with high-risk cancers should be targeted for LTBI screening and treatment.

6.
J Korean Med Sci ; 35(34): e292, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32864906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Computerized versions of cognitive screening test could have advantages over pencil-and-paper versions by eliminating rater-dependent factors and saving the time required to score the tests and report the results. We developed a computerized cognitive screening test (Inbrain Cognitive Screening Test [Inbrain CST]) that takes about 30 minutes to administer on a touchscreen computer and is composed of neuropsychological tests already shown to be sensitive in detecting early cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aims of this study were to 1) introduce normative data for Inbrain CST, 2) verify its reliability and validity, 3) assess clinical usefulness, and 4) identify neuroanatomical correlates of Inbrain CST. METHODS: The Inbrain CST runs on the Microsoft Windows 10 operating system and comprises 7 subtests that encompass 5 cognitive domains: attention, language, visuospatial, memory, and executive functions. First, we recruited 480 cognitively normal elderly people (age 50-90) from communities nationwide to establish normative data for Inbrain CST. Second, we enrolled 97 patients from our dementia clinic (26 with subjective cognitive decline [SCD], 42 with amnestic mild cognitive impairment [aMCI], and 29 with dementia due to AD) and investigated sensitivity and specificity of Inbrain CST for discriminating cognitively impaired patients from those with SCD using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses. Third, we compared the Inbrain CST scores with those from another neuropsychological test battery to obtain concurrent validity and assessed test-retest reliability. Finally, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based cortical thickness analyses were performed to provide anatomical substrates for performances on the Inbrain CST. RESULTS: First, in the normative sample, the total score on the Inbrain CST was significantly affected by age, years of education, and gender. Second, Inbrain CST scores among the three patient groups decreased in the order of SCD, aMCI, and AD dementia, and the ROC curve analysis revealed that Inbrain CST had good discriminative power for differentiating cognitively impaired patients from those with SCD. Third, the Inbrain CST subtests had high concurrent validity and test-retest reliability. Finally, in the cortical thickness analysis, each cognitive domain score and the total score of Inbrain CST showed distinct patterns of anatomical correlates that fit into the previously known brain-behavior relationship. CONCLUSION: Inbrain CST had good validity, reliability, and clinical usefulness in detecting cognitive impairment in the elderly. Furthermore, it showed neuroanatomical validity through MRI cortical thinning patterns. These results suggest that Inbrain CST is a useful cognitive screening tool with efficiency and validity to detect mild impairments in cognition in clinical settings.

7.
Ann Gastroenterol ; 33(4): 385-390, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624659

RESUMO

Background: Modified endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is considered a treatment option for rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) <10 mm in diameter. In this study, we evaluated the clinical outcomes of cap-assisted EMR (EMR-C) and EMR with a ligating device (EMR-L). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 158 patients with 162 rectal NETs treated endoscopically at a single Korean tertiary hospital between March 2010 and November 2017. We evaluated the rates of endoscopic en bloc resection, histologic complete resection, and procedural complications according to the treatment method. Results: Among 162 rectal NETs, 42 were treated with EMR-C and 120 with EMR-L. The endoscopic en bloc resection rate was higher in the EMR-L group than in the EMR-C group (100% vs. 92.9%, P=0.003). A trend was observed towards a superior histologic complete resection rate in the EMR-L group, but it was not statistically significant (92.5% vs. 83.3%, P=0.087). There were no significant differences in procedural complications (P=0.870). In a multivariate analysis, a tumor located ≥10 cm from the anal verge was related to histologic incomplete resection (P=0.039). Conclusion: EMR-L may be the preferable treatment method, considering both endoscopic en bloc resection rate and histologic complete resection rate.

8.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 76(1): 28-36, 2020 07 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32703917

RESUMO

Backgrounds/Aims: With the improvement of hygiene, the incidence of amebic liver abscess is decreasing in South Korea. On the other hand, there is little data on the status of amebic liver abscess compared to pyogenic liver abscess. Methods: Patients with an amebic liver abscess, in whom Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica) IgG was positive, were identified retrospectively in a university hospital. The clinical, laboratory, and radiological characteristics of amebic liver abscess were compared with those of pyogenic liver abscess in the same period. Results: Between March 2010 and October 2016, 413 patients with a liver abscess were identified. Among them, the serologic test for E. histolytica was performed in 209 patients. Fifteen (7.2%) were classified as an amebic liver abscess, and the remainder were diagnosed with a pyogenic liver abscess. The age, gender, white blood cell, and CRP was comparable between the two groups. Procalcitonin was lower in amebic liver abscess than the pyogenic one. On CT, peripheral rim enhancement was more frequent, but cluster signs were not observed in amebic liver abscess compared to pyogenic liver abscess. None of the patients with amebic liver abscess died. In contrast, the mortality of pyogenic liver abscess was 4.7%. Conclusions: Amebic liver abscess should still be considered as one of the causes of liver abscess in Korea. It is difficult to discriminate an amebic liver abscess from a pyogenic liver abscess only according to the clinical, laboratory, and radiologic findings. Therefore, it is necessary to perform a serologic test for E. histolytica for a precise evaluation of liver abscess in a high-risk group.

9.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 76(1): 37-41, 2020 07 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32703918

RESUMO

Gastric heterotopic pancreas is a relatively uncommon incidental finding. On the other hand, the presentation of gastric adenocarcinoma arising from a heterotopic pancreas is rare. This paper reports a case of gastric adenocarcinoma arising from a heterotopic pancreas that presented as a gastric outlet obstruction 10 years after the initial diagnosis of a suspicious submucosal tumor. Endoscopy revealed a pyloric stricture with prepyloric wall thickening and a complete gastric outlet obstruction. Abdominal and pelvic computed tomography exposed a severely distended gastric lumen at the antrum with heterogeneously enhancing circumferential wall thickening in the prepyloric antrum and pylorus. Because conservative treatment was ineffective and a malignancy could not be excluded, laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy with a gastrojejunostomy was performed for histological confirmation and treatment. The histopathology diagnosis was advanced gastric carcinoma arising from heterotopic pancreatic tissue.

10.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 75(5): 300-304, 2020 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32448861

RESUMO

A pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) mostly occurs in association with biliary tract disease, but some PLAs have no apparent underlying cause, i.e., they are cryptogenic. The authors experienced three cases of PLA or liver cyst infection after colon polypectomy without other distinct etiologies. These cases suggest that colonoscopic polypectomy can cause a mucosal defect that provides a route for bacteria to invade the portal system or spread intraperitoneally to the liver. Colonoscopic polypectomy should be considered as a procedure that might cause PLA. Moreover, clinicians should be aware of this possibility if a patient complains of fever or abdominal pain after a colonoscopic polypectomy.

11.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 112(1): 66-73, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32453399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data regarding the relation between serum phosphorus concentration (SPC) and subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in the asymptomatic healthy population without kidney dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the relation between SPC and characteristics of atherosclerotic plaques and cardiac events according to SPCs using a large cohort of asymptomatic Korean individuals. METHODS: We evaluated 6329 asymptomatic Korean individuals [mean age: 53.6 ± 7.6 y, 4611 men (72.9%)] without kidney dysfunction and coronary artery disease who voluntarily underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) as part of a general health examination. Study participants were stratified into quartiles according to their SPCs (≤3.0, 3.1-3.3, 3.4-3.7, ≥3.8 mg/dL). The degree and extent of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis were evaluated with CCTA. Stenosis of diameter ≥50% was defined as significant. A cardiac event was defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, and coronary revascularization. RESULTS: After adjustment for cardiovascular disease risk factors, the risk of any atherosclerotic plaque was significantly higher with increasing SPC quartiles (P = 0.001). In particular, the risk of calcified plaque increased in the second (OR: 1.27; 95% CI: 1.07, 1.51; P = 0.006), third (OR: 1.39; 95% CI: 1.17, 1.64; P < 0.001), and fourth SPC quartiles (OR: 1.50; 95% CI: 1.24, 1.82; P < 0.001) compared with that in the first quartile. However, there were no significant differences in the adjusted ORs for noncalcified plaque, mixed plaque, or significant stenosis. During a follow-up of median 5.4 y, there was no significant difference in cardiac events between the SPC quartiles. CONCLUSIONS: In asymptomatic Korean individuals without kidney dysfunction, a high SPC was an independent predictor of calcified plaques without any difference in cardiac events. Further long-term prospective studies are required to validate these results.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Rim/fisiopatologia , Fósforo/sangue , Adulto , Doenças Assintomáticas , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , República da Coreia
12.
Paediatr Int Child Health ; 40(3): 166-170, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223545

RESUMO

AIM: Data on trends in the prevalence of suspected non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents are scarce, especially in the Asia-Pacific region. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the prevalence of suspected NAFLD changed between 2001-2005 and 2015-2017. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-2005 to 2015-2017, n = 4448). Suspected NAFLD was defined by an elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level of >26 IU/L in boys and >22 IU/L in girls. In addition, the analysis was repeated using the Korean cut-off levels for ALT of 33 IU/L for boys and 25 IU/L for girls. RESULTS: The prevalence of suspected NAFLD increased, with a relative increase of 44% from 7.8% (95% CI 6.6-9.2%) in 2001-2005 to 11.2% (95% CI 9.7-12.9%) in 2015-2017 (p = 0.001). This increase was evident in both boys (10.6 vs 14.7%, p = 0.01) and girls (4.6 vs 7.4%, p = 0.02). Increases were also observed in obesity (7.3 vs 10.6%), central obesity (10.0 vs 12.8%) and ALT level (14.9 vs 16.7 IU/L). The prevalence of suspected NAFLD was approximately 40-45% in obese/central obese adolescents in 2015-2017. Using the Korean cut-off levels, the prevalence of suspected NAFLD has increased, with a relative increase of 55%, from 4.6% (95% CI 3.7-5.7%) in 2001-2005 to 7.2% (95% CI 6.1-8.5%) in 2015-2017 (p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of suspected NAFLD continues to increase in Korean adolescents. ABBREVIATIONS: ALT, alanine aminotransferase; BMI, body mass index; KNHANES, Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; NAFLD, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(12): e19553, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195964

RESUMO

New endoscopic resection techniques are constantly being developed for gastric adenoma, which can be classified as low or high grade according to the Vienna classification. However, long-term data on gastric adenoma (e.g., removal or follow-up after resection via endoscopy) remain lacking.We retrospectively analyzed 133 cases with gastric adenoma that underwent endoscopic resection from January 2010 to November 2018. We analyzed the risk factors and frequency of patients with synchronous and metachronous lesions after endoscopic resection for gastric adenoma and followed them for more than 2 years.One hundred six (79.7%) and 27 patients (20.3%) received endoscopic resection (ER) once and more than twice, respectively. Compared with the initial endoscopic biopsy pathological results, the upgraded and downgraded histological discrepancy rates were 10.5% (n = 14) and 3.0% (n = 4) after resection, respectively. The mean time to synchronous/metachronous recurrence was 2.23 years. The average lesion size at first procedure was larger in the multiple ER group than in the single ER group (2.00 vs 1.10 cm; P = .040). Eleven (8.3%) and 16 patients (12.0%) had recurred synchronous and metachronous lesions, respectively. In the multivariate Cox analysis of the recurrence group, intestinal metaplasia (hazard ratio, 2.761; 95% confidence interval, 1.117-6.820; P = .028) and lesion size (hazard ratio, 1.607; 95% confidence interval, 1.082-2.385; P = .019) were independent factors for receiving endoscopic resection more than twice.If patients have severe intestinal metaplasia or large size of lesion at endoscopic resection for gastric adenoma, periodic observation is necessary.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adenoma/classificação , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Intestinos/patologia , Masculino , Metaplasia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
14.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 25(7): 544-550, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026549

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to determine the utility of chronic kidney disease (CKD)-related health states in the Korean general population by using the standard gamble (SG) method. METHODS: Seven hypothetical CKD-related health states were developed and revised based on previous publications. Data from 242 individuals from the Korean general population were obtained via computer-assisted personal interviews and used to evaluate the CKD-related health states by using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and SG methods. Mean and median utility values were calculated for each health state. To assess the reliability of the valuation, some samples were retested and evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). RESULTS: In all health states, the utility weights from SG were higher than those from VAS. The difference in utility values between the two valuation methods ranged from 0.258 to 0.308. The utility value of CKD grade 3 was the highest and that of peritoneal dialysis (PD) was the lowest. The utility weights tended to decrease in accordance with the progression of CKD. CKD grade 3 was assigned a SG utility value of 0.878, whereas PD was assigned 0.507. The SG utility values of predialysis end-stage renal disease, haemodialysis, kidney transplantation (KT), and post-KT recovery states were 0.666, 0.547, 0.748 and 0.827, respectively. The mean ICC (SD) at the individual level was 0.746 (0.281) for the SG scores. CONCLUSION: Our results could be used to measure the burden of kidney disease or to evaluate the economic efficiency of CKD-related interventions.

15.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(2)2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952300

RESUMO

We propose a ring oscillator (RO) based current-to-voltage-to-frequency (I-V-F) converting current transducer with a cascade bias circuit. The I-V-F converting scheme guarantees highly stable biasing against RO, with a rail-to-rail output operation. This device was fabricated using National NanoFab Center (NNFC) 180 nm complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology, which achieves a current resolution of 1 nA in a measurement range up to 200 nA. A noise floor of 11.8 pA/√Hz, maximum differential nonlinearity (DNL) of 0.15 in 1 nA steps, and rail-to-rail output with a 1.8 V power supply is achieved. The proposed transducer can be effectively applied to bio-sensing devices requiring a compact area and low power consumption with a low current output. The fabricated structure can be applied to monolithic-three-dimensional integration with a bio-sensing device.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18702, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Old age is a risk factor of suboptimal bowel preparation. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of mosapride citrate with a split dose of polyethylene glycol (PEG) plus ascorbic acid for bowel preparation in elderly patients (aged ≥65 years) before they underwent a colonoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective investigator-blinded randomized study was conducted from November 2017 to October 2018. The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups, a mosapride group (mosapride citrate with a split-dose of PEG plus ascorbic acid) or a non-mosapride group (a split-dose of PEG plus ascorbic acid alone). Mosapride citrate 15 mg (Gastin CR) was administered once with each split-dose of the bowel preparation. The bowel preparation quality was assessed using the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS). RESULTS: A total of 257 patients were finally included and analyzed in our study. The total BBPS score was significantly higher in the mosapride group than in the non-mosapride group (8.53 vs 8.24, P = .033). The BBPS scores of the right colon and mid-colon were 2.75 vs 2.61 (P = .044) and 2.89 vs 2.79 (P = .030), respectively. The rate of adequate bowel preparation (BBPS ≥ 6) was similar in both groups (98.4% vs 98.5%, P = .968), while the rate of excellent bowel preparation (BBPS = 9) was higher in the mosapride group than in the non-mosapride group (73.8% vs 61.1%, P = .029). The total incidence of adverse events during the administration of the bowel cleansing agent, particularly abdominal fullness, was lower in the mosapride group (11.9% vs 30.5%, P < .001). CONCLUSION: The administration of mosapride citrate with a split-dose of PEG plus ascorbic acid in elderly patients showed an increase in bowel preparation efficacy and reduced adverse events, particularly abdominal fullness, during the administration of a bowel cleansing agent.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/uso terapêutico , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Catárticos/uso terapêutico , Colonoscopia/métodos , Morfolinas/uso terapêutico , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ácido Ascórbico/administração & dosagem , Benzamidas/administração & dosagem , Benzamidas/efeitos adversos , Catárticos/administração & dosagem , Catárticos/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Morfolinas/administração & dosagem , Morfolinas/efeitos adversos , Cooperação do Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego
17.
Clin Endosc ; 53(1): 18-28, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645090

RESUMO

There are a variety of causes of intestinal obstruction, with the most common cause being malignant diseases; however, volvulus, inflammatory bowel disease or diverticulitis, radiation injury, ischemia, and pseudo-obstruction can also cause colonic obstruction. These are benign conditions; however, delayed diagnosis of acute intestinal obstruction owing to these causes can cause critical complications, such as perforation. Therefore, high levels of clinical suspicion and appropriate treatment are crucial. There are variable treatment options for colonic obstruction, and endoscopic treatment is known to be a less invasive and an effective option for such. In this article, the authors review the causes of benign colonic obstruction and pseudo-obstruction and the role of endoscopy in treating them.

18.
Clin Mol Hepatol ; 26(2): 209-215, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679316

RESUMO

Data on the trends in the prevalence of chronic liver disease (CLD) in Korea are scarce. This study aimed to evaluate whether the CLD prevalence changed between 1998-2001 and 2016-2017. Data were extracted from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1998-2001 to 2016-2017; n=25,893). Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was defined as a hepatic steatosis index >36 in the absence of any other evidence of CLD. The definition of alcoholrelated liver disease (ALD) was excessive alcohol consumption (≥210 g/week for men and ≥140 g/week for women) and an ALD/NAFLD index >0. The prevalence of NAFLD increased from 18.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 17.8-19.5%) in 1998-2001 to 21.5% (95% CI, 20.6-22.6%) in 2016-2017. During the same time period, increases were observed in the prevalence of obesity (27.0 vs. 35.1%), central obesity (29.4 vs. 36.0%), diabetes (7.5 vs. 10.6%), and excessive drinking (7.3 vs. 10.5%). ALD prevalence also increased from 3.8% (95% CI, 3.4-4.2%) to 7.0% (95% CI, 6.4-7.6%). In contrast, chronic hepatitis B decreased from 5.1% (95% CI, 4.6-5.5%) to 3.4% (95% CI, 3.0-3.8%). The prevalence of chronic hepatitis C was approximately 0.3% in 2016-2017. The prevalence of NAFLD and ALD increase among Korean adults. Our results suggest potential targets for interventions to reduce the future burden of CLD.

19.
J Digit Imaging ; 33(1): 221-230, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152273

RESUMO

Lung lobe segmentation in chest CT has been used for the analysis of lung functions and surgical planning. However, accurate lobe segmentation is difficult as 80% of patients have incomplete and/or fake fissures. Furthermore, lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can increase the difficulty of differentiating the lobar fissures. Lobar fissures have similar intensities to those of the vessels and airway wall, which could lead to segmentation error in automated segmentation. In this study, a fully automated lung lobe segmentation method with 3D U-Net was developed and validated with internal and external datasets. The volumetric chest CT scans of 196 normal and mild-to-moderate COPD patients from three centers were obtained. Each scan was segmented using a conventional image processing method and manually corrected by an expert thoracic radiologist to create gold standards. The lobe regions in the CT images were then segmented using a 3D U-Net architecture with a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) using separate training, validation, and test datasets. In addition, 40 independent external CT images were used to evaluate the model. The segmentation results for both the conventional and deep learning methods were compared quantitatively to the gold standards using four accuracy metrics including the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC), Jaccard similarity coefficient (JSC), mean surface distance (MSD), and Hausdorff surface distance (HSD). In internal validation, the segmentation method achieved high accuracy for the DSC, JSC, MSD, and HSD (0.97 ± 0.02, 0.94 ± 0.03, 0.69 ± 0.36, and 17.12 ± 11.07, respectively). In external validation, high accuracy was also obtained for the DSC, JSC, MSD, and HSD (0.96 ± 0.02, 0.92 ± 0.04, 1.31 ± 0.56, and 27.89 ± 7.50, respectively). This method took 6.49 ± 1.19 s and 8.61 ± 1.08 s for lobe segmentation of the left and right lungs, respectively. Although various automatic lung lobe segmentation methods have been developed, it is difficult to develop a robust segmentation method. However, the deep learning-based 3D U-Net method showed reasonable segmentation accuracy and computational time. In addition, this method could be adapted and applied to severe lung diseases in a clinical workflow.

20.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 74(4): 205-211, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650796

RESUMO

Background/Aims: The serum aminotransferase level is usually elevated in rhabdomyolysis, and these enzymes originate from the skeletal muscle. On the other hand, there is limited data showing whether the degree of elevation of these enzymes differs according to the concurrent liver disease. Methods: Patients with rhabdomyolysis were selected when their serum creatinine kinase level was >1,000 U/L. They were categorized as the group with and without concurrent liver disease. The AST and ALT levels in both groups were compared. In addition, the aminotransferase level was compared between those with rhabdomyolysis and those with alcoholic liver disease. Results: Among the 165 patients with rhabdomyolysis, 19 had concurrent liver disease. The median peak AST was higher in the group with concurrent liver disease (332 U/L [interquartile range (IQR), 127-1,604] vs. 219 U/L [IQR, 115-504]). In addition, the median peak ALT was higher in the group with concurrent liver disease (107 U/L [IQR, 74-418] vs. 101 U/L [IQR, 56-218]). On the other hand, there was no significant difference in both enzymes between the two groups. The median peak AST level was significantly higher in those with rhabdomyolysis than in those with alcoholic liver disease (221 U/L [IQR, 118-553] vs. 103 U/L [IQR, 59-206]), but the median peak ALT was not significantly different (102 U/L [IQR, 58-222] vs. 51 U/L [IQR, 26-117]). Conclusions: Rhabdomyolysis showed an elevated AST-dominant aminotransferase level, which is not different according to concurrent liver disease. Therefore, it is recommended that rhabdomyolysis be considered first in cases of elevated aminotransferase levels in patients with a suspicious skeletal muscle injury.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico , Rabdomiólise/diagnóstico , Adulto , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Hepatopatias/sangue , Hepatopatias/complicações , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/sangue , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/complicações , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rabdomiólise/sangue , Rabdomiólise/complicações
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